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1.
Food Chem ; 367: 130701, 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34388635

RESUMO

Carotenoids are colored compounds with important physiological functions. The Haida golden scallop, which has an orange adductor muscle, is a carotenoid-enriched variety of scallop Mizuhopecten yessoensis, an important aquaculture shellfish. In this study, we investigated the tissue distribution of the carotenoids, pectenolone and pectenoxanthin, in both Haida golden scallop and normal Yesso scallop. Both carotenoids were detected in all the sampled tissues of the two scallops, except in the adductor muscle of normal scallop. There were significantly more carotenoids in Haida golden scallop than in normal scallop, in the tissues of the mantle, female gonad, kidney, and adductor muscle. Increased carotenoid concentrations were detected in Haida golden scallop adductor muscle during the spring spawning season, indicating the effects of reproduction on muscle carotenoids accumulation. This study was the first systematic investigation of carotenoid distribution in Yesso scallop tissues and will benefit future research on carotenoid accumulation and function in scallops.


Assuntos
Citrus sinensis , Pectinidae , Animais , Carotenoides/metabolismo , Citrus sinensis/metabolismo , Músculo Esquelético/metabolismo , Pectinidae/metabolismo , Estações do Ano , Distribuição Tecidual
2.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 607(Pt 1): 16-23, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34492349

RESUMO

The exploration of carbon dots (CDs) with high quantum yield, facile synthesis path and satisfying output for their multiple applications remains a challenge. Thus, a silicon-doped orange-emitting carbon dots (O-CDs) is synthesized via a one-step hydrothermal method o-phenylenediamine and ethyl orthosilicate as raw materials. The O-CDs exhibits a bright and non-excitation-dependent emission peaking at 580 nm, and the corresponding quantum yield could be greatly boosted from 39.2 % to 64.1 % by silicon doping. The obtained O-CDs possess good biocompatibility and promising luminescence stability with varying solvents, ionic concentrations and temperatures. Its bio-imaging ability is performed by incubating zebrafish embryos with O-CDs aqueous solution, and clear in-vivo fluorescent images are obtained. Furthermore, due to its high-efficient and specific pH-sensitive emission with excellent dispersibility, the O-CDs can be used as a fluorescent ink for dual-model data encry/decryption in both hand-writing and stamp printing. Therefore, the as-prepared O-CDs show the potential as promising candidate for biomedical diagnosis, data encryption, and anti-counterfeiting.


Assuntos
Citrus sinensis , Pontos Quânticos , Animais , Carbono , Corantes Fluorescentes , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Luminescência , Silício , Peixe-Zebra
3.
Food Chem ; 370: 131061, 2022 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34547556

RESUMO

This is the first study revealing effects of aspartic acid (AA), proline and valine as well as ascorbic acid on individual anthocyanins in pomegranate and orange juice blend (POJB) during heating at 90-150 â„ƒ. Effect of amino acids on colour and anthocyanin stability varied depending on heating temperature. At 90 â„ƒ (3 h), AA, proline and valine increased (up to 4.7 times) contents of cyanidin-3-glucoside and total anthocyanin, and cyanidin-3,5-diglucoside stability. At 105 â„ƒ (2 h), AA and valine caused the highest absorbance value at maximum wavelength (Amax) and high anthocyanin stability, which pointed out copigmentation. At 150 â„ƒ (0.5 h), AA and valine increased (up to 11%) stabilities of cyanidin-3-glucoside, cyanidin-3,5-diglucoside and delphinidin-3,5-diglucoside, and caused the highest Amax. Owing to copigmentation by hydrophobic interactions/hydrogen bond, degradative effect of ascorbic acid on anthocyanins was slowed down. Thus, these three amino acids might have a high potential for copigmentation in products containing anthocyanins and ascorbic acid at high concentration.


Assuntos
Citrus sinensis , Lythraceae , Romã (Fruta) , Aminoácidos , Antocianinas
4.
Food Chem ; 369: 130946, 2022 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34469840

RESUMO

Relative humidity (RH) during conservation and the chemical composition of epicuticular wax layer are factors that determine fruit quality and weight loss. This study investigates the influence of RH on the epicuticular wax metabolism during citrus fruit storage, and how it is affected by abscisic acid (ABA). Low RH conditions increased alcohols and fatty acids abundance, mainly due to accumulation of docosanol and lignoceric and cerotic acids. Low RH also decreased terpenoids and nonacosane and hentriacontane contents, the most abundant alkanes. Consequently, the alkane/terpenoid ratio was decreased concomitantly with fruit weight loss and cuticle permeability increments. ABA treatment differently mediated wax compositional changes at high or low RH. At low RH, ABA attenuated the increase in fatty acids and enhanced the decrease in alcohols and the accumulation of terpenoids, mainly affecting lignoceric and cerotic acids, docosanol, α-amyrin, sitosterol, friedelin and friedelanone contents. These trends were inversed under high RH conditions.


Assuntos
Citrus sinensis , Frutas , Ácido Abscísico , Umidade , Triterpenos Pentacíclicos , Ceras
5.
Food Chem ; 371: 130821, 2022 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34628251

RESUMO

This study examined the effect of the intake of orange juice provided freshly squeezed (FS) or processed using low-temperature pasteurisation (LP), high-pressure processing (HPP), or pulsed electric field (PEF) treatment on the serum carotenoid concentrations of 12 healthy individuals, aged 20-32 years, enrolled in a crossover study. Participants were instructed to consume 500 ml of orange juice/day for 14 days. Carotenoid concentrations in the orange juice as well as serum samples retrieved on days 7 and 14 were analysed via HPLC. A significant increase in serum xanthophyll concentrations, but not serum carotenes, was observed, with the highest increase in α- and ß-cryptoxanthin. The processing technologies applied appeared to affect serum carotenoid concentrations, with concentrations being similar in the HPP and FS orange juice types. As high variability in serum carotenoid concentrations was observed, the effect of different technologies on serum carotenoid concentration warrants further studies with larger sample sizes.


Assuntos
Citrus sinensis , Disponibilidade Biológica , Carotenoides , Estudos Cross-Over , Humanos , Temperatura , Xantofilas
6.
Plant Sci ; 313: 111082, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34763867

RESUMO

Studies show that DNA methylation is associated with plant immunity but little is known as to how this epigenetic mechanism assists plants in adjusting their responses to biotic stress, especially when interacting with an hemibiotrophic pathogen such as citrus Phytophthora. The aim of the present study was to assess the effects of scion-rootstock interaction on plant resistance to P. citrophthora infection and DNA methylation patterns in 'Pera' sweet orange and 'Tahiti' acid lime grafted onto 'Rangpur' lime and 'Tropical' sunki rootstocks reinoculated with P. citrophthora. Results showed that reinoculated plants of the 'Pera' sweet orange/'Rangpur' lime and 'Tahiti' acid lime/'Tropical' sunki combinations with more and less sensitive varieties to Phytophthora, presented smaller stem lesions and increased frequency of full methylation and hemimethylation rates, compared to inoculated plants. In contrast, 'Tahiti' acid lime/'Rangpur' lime, two highly sensitive varieties, and 'Pera'/'Tropical' sunki, two much less sensitive varieties, showed high increases in the frequency of hemimethylation and non-methylation levels. Results suggest that in citrus, both the scion-rootstock interaction and DNA methylation affect the response to P. citrophthora infection. Reinoculated plants, depending on the combination, showed changes in intracellular hyphae growth through the formation of sets of fibers and crystal accumulation in the periderm, cortex, and phloem. In addition, starch grain concentration was higher in reinoculated plants in comparison to inoculated plants. These findings support the assumption that DNA methylation is a plant defense mechanism and therefore may be exploited to improve the response of plants to the gummosis of P. citrophthora in citrus.


Assuntos
Citrus aurantiifolia/genética , Citrus aurantiifolia/microbiologia , Citrus sinensis/genética , Citrus sinensis/microbiologia , Resistência à Doença/genética , Phytophthora/patogenicidade , Doenças das Plantas/genética , Epigênese Genética , Variação Genética , Genótipo
8.
Plant Physiol Biochem ; 167: 1049-1060, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34600182

RESUMO

Previously, we obtained a wax-deficient mutant 'Ganqi 3' (MT) from 'Newhall' navel orange (Citrus sinensis [L.] Osbeck cv. Newhall, WT). The weight loss and postharvest decay in MT fruit were much higher than those in WT fruit after long-term cold storage. To understand the underlying mechanism, the changes in the morphology, chemical composition and gene expression of cuticular waxes between WT and MT fruit were compared during 150 days of storage at 4 °C. The density of epicuticular wax crystals and the contents of most of the aliphatic wax fractions in MT fruit were much lower than those in WT fruit over 90 days of storage. Further research revealed that the differences in the morphology and chemical composition of cuticular waxes might be important causes for the differences of postharvest weight loss and decay rates between WT and MT fruit. Notably, the expression profiles of 16 wax-related genes in WT and MT fruit were consistent with the change trends of corresponding cuticular wax components during cold storage. These results suggest that the morphology and chemical composition of cuticular waxes may be regulated by wax-related genes and play an important role in regulating the postharvest weight loss and the tolerances to postharvest decay in navel orange.


Assuntos
Citrus sinensis , Citrus sinensis/genética , Frutas , Expressão Gênica , Ceras
9.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(19)2021 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34638581

RESUMO

The phytohormone abscisic acid (ABA) is a major regulator of fruit response to water stress, and may influence cuticle properties and wax layer composition during fruit ripening. This study investigates the effects of ABA on epicuticular wax metabolism regulation in a citrus fruit cultivar with low ABA levels, called Pinalate (Citrus sinensis L. Osbeck), and how this relationship is influenced by water stress after detachment. Harvested ABA-treated fruit were exposed to water stress by storing them at low (30-35%) relative humidity. The total epicuticular wax load rose after fruit detachment, which ABA application decreased earlier and more markedly during fruit-dehydrating storage. ABA treatment changed the abundance of the separated wax fractions and the contents of most individual components, which reveals dependence on the exposure to postharvest water stress and different trends depending on storage duration. A correlation analysis supported these responses, which mostly fitted the expression patterns of the key genes involved in wax biosynthesis and transport. A cluster analysis indicated that storage duration is an important factor for the exogenous ABA influence and the postharvest environment on epicuticular wax composition, cuticle properties and fruit physiology. Dynamic ABA-mediated reconfiguration of wax metabolism is influenced by fruit exposure to water stress conditions.


Assuntos
Ácido Abscísico/metabolismo , Citrus sinensis/metabolismo , Citrus/metabolismo , Estresse Fisiológico/fisiologia , Água/metabolismo , Ceras/metabolismo , Desidratação/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas/fisiologia , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo
10.
Int J Food Microbiol ; 360: 109442, 2021 Dec 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34688124

RESUMO

Pathogenic and deteriorating bacteria are a great concern to food safety. In this sense, the present study evaluated the fight against microbial contamination through the use of nanoparticles containing curcumin, in addition to analyzing the physical properties of these nanoparticles. Efficient curcumin encapsulation was determined by Fourier transform infrared spectra evaluation and differential scanning calorimetry. Transmission electron microscopy images showed irregular shaped nanoparticles with broad size distribution (20-250 nm). The antibacterial activity was considered satisfactory, since curcumin in the form of nanoparticles demonstrated antimicrobial and antibacterial activity superior to curcumin in its free form, against both pathogenic bacteria, such as Staphylococcus aureus (MIC 125 µg/mL), and deteriorates, such as Alicyclobacillus acidoterrestris (MIC 62.5 µg/mL). Since curcumin nanoparticles may be consumed as a food additive, the bioactive properties of the nanoencapsulated curcumin were also evaluated in relation to antioxidant capacity (Thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) and oxidative hemolysis inhibition assays) and cytotoxicity against four carcinoma cell lines, as well as two non-tumor cells. As a proof of concept, nanoparticles were incorporated in orange juice, with the juice maintaining satisfactory pH, °Brix, and color stability, during three days of storage (8 °C).


Assuntos
Alicyclobacillus , Citrus sinensis , Curcumina , Curcumina/farmacologia , Esporos Bacterianos
11.
Comput Intell Neurosci ; 2021: 5436729, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34512742

RESUMO

The prevention and control of navel orange pests and diseases is an important measure to ensure the yield of navel oranges. Aiming at the problems of slow speed, strong subjectivity, high requirements for professional knowledge required, and high identification costs in the identification methods of navel orange pests and diseases, this paper proposes a method based on DenseNet and attention. The power mechanism fusion (DCPSNET) identification method of navel orange diseases and pests improves the traditional deep dense network DenseNet model to realize accurate and efficient identification of navel orange diseases and pests. Due to the difficulty in collecting data of navel orange pests and diseases, this article uses image enhancement technology to expand. The experimental results show that, in the case of small samples, compared with the traditional model, the DCPSNET model can accurately identify different types of navel orange diseases and pests images and the accuracy of identifying six types of navel orange diseases and pests on the test set is as high as 96.90%. The method proposed in this paper has high recognition accuracy, realizes the intelligent recognition of navel orange diseases and pests, and also provides a way for high-precision recognition of small sample data sets.


Assuntos
Citrus sinensis , Controle de Pragas
12.
Food Res Int ; 148: 110607, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34507751

RESUMO

Changes in non-traditional indices of maturity, such as flavonoids and volatile compounds, during maturation were studied in Navel orange. Navel oranges were obtained at four stages of maturation, and non-volatile and volatile compounds in the peel and juice were analysed using liquid chromatography coupled with a quadrupole time-of-flight detector (LC-QTOF/MS) and gas chromatography with mass spectrometry and a flame ionisation detector (GC-MS/FID), respectively. Twenty-eight non-volatile and 62 volatile compounds in the peel as well as 22 non-volatile and 11 volatile compounds in the juice were found to have significant changes (p < 0.05) in abundances during maturation. Notably, most flavonoids (e.g. narirutin) and limonoids (e.g. nomilin) showed decreasing abundances during maturation. For volatile compounds, majority of detected alcohols peaked in abundances during middle maturation stages, while almost all detected aldehydes peaked at full maturity. Most terpenes peaked at earlier maturation stages in juice extracts compared to peel oil extracts. This comprehensive study could facilitate selection of Navel oranges for the extraction of valuable bioactive or flavour contributing compounds that are of interest to fragrance, flavour and nutraceutical industries.


Assuntos
Citrus sinensis , Cromatografia Líquida , Flavonoides , Frutas , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas
13.
Bioresour Technol ; 341: 125834, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34479139

RESUMO

Orange waste (OW), an abundant and severe globally environmental treat, was used for biobutanol and biohydrogen production emploing acetone-butanol-ethanol (ABE) fermentation through a biorefinery process. The solvent yield from untreated OW was insufficient; thus, the substrate was subjected to hydrothermal pretreatment before hydrolysis. The pretreatment at 140 ℃ for 30 min resulted in the solid with the highest yield of hydrolysis and fermentation. Moreover, the anaerobic digestion of hydrolysis residue produced appreciable amounts of biomethane. However, the pretreatment liquor was not fermentable; thus, it was detoxified by overliming for 24 h at 30 ℃ and then fermented. Overall, this sustainable biorefinery, based on pretreatment without any additional chemical agent, hydrolysis of pretreated solids, detoxification of pretreatment liquor, ABE fermentation, and anaerobic digestion of residues, produced 42.3 g biobutanol, 33.1 g acetone, 13.4 g ethanol, 104.5 L biohydrogen, and 28.3 L biomethane per kg of OW that contained 4560 kJ energy.


Assuntos
Biocombustíveis , Citrus sinensis , Acetona , Butanóis , Fermentação , Hidrólise
14.
Acta Virol ; 65(3): 313-319, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34565160

RESUMO

Mycoviruses widely exist in diverse lineages of fungi, yet there are only a few studies on mycovirus infection in uncultivated fungi. We here report the presence of a dsRNA mycovirus in saprotrophic spring orange peel fungus Caloscypha fulgens. A novel dsRNA virus, named "Caloscypha fulgens fusagravirus 1" (CfFV1), was isolated from a single ascocarp of C. fulgens, and its molecular features were revealed. The full-length cDNA of CfFV1 comprises 9,548 nucleotides with a calculated GC content of 47.9% and two discontinuous open reading frames (ORF 1 and 2). A-1 ribosomal frameshift region with two distinctive elements, including a canonical slippery heptanucleotide (AAAAAAC) and a pseudoknot structure, predicted as a Recoding Stimulatory Element, was detected in the junction region of ORF1 and ORF2. The deduced amino acid sequence of ORF1 and ORF2 showed the highest similarity to the putative structural protein and RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp) of Rosellinia necatrix fusagravirus 4 (RnFGV4). Genome organization, sequence similarity, and phylogenetic analysis indicate that this virus belongs to a new member of the proposed family Fusagraviridae. This is the first report of the presence of a mycovirus in the spring orange peel fungus C. fulgens. Keywords: mycovirus; dsRNA; proposed Fusagraviridae; uncultivated fungi; Caloscypha fulgens.


Assuntos
Citrus sinensis , Micovírus , Ascomicetos , Micovírus/genética , Filogenia
15.
Anat Histol Embryol ; 50(6): 985-995, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34569090

RESUMO

The axial skeleton of orange rumped agouti, Dasyprocta leporina, was studied for better understanding of its locomotor behaviour. The bones from eight adult agoutis of both sexes were observed for their anatomical features and functional significance. The vertebral formula was found to be C7 T12 L7 S5 Cy5-6 . The well-developed occipital crest, caudally oriented prominent axis spine and well-developed transverse processes from C3 -C7 indicated a highly flexible neck with greater sagittal mobility. Articular facets were horizontal in anterior series while oblique in the posterior series, which enabled them to perform both lateral and sagittal movements during locomotion. The caudally directed thoracic spines, T12 as anticlinal vertebra and prominent mamillary process in the posterior series were suggestive of strong dorso-ventral flexion/extension and rotation. The robust lumbar vertebrae, well-developed transverse processes with cranio-ventral extension, were the feature for powerful sagittal/dorsoventral movement. The presence of spinous processes and well-developed transverse processes in all caudal vertebrae was an indication of a highly movable tail. The ribs were 13 pairs with first seven as sternal and six as asternal. They were laterally compressed in the anterior series as a cursorial adaptation. A strong muscular attachment to vertebrae provides this rodent speed, agility, dexterity and strength suitable for survival in food chain.


Assuntos
Citrus sinensis , Dasyproctidae , Animais , Vértebras Lombares , Costelas , Esterno
16.
Clin Oral Investig ; 25(12): 6533-6546, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34495401

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This systematic review assesses the prevalence of microbial complexes in endodontic-periodontal lesion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nine databases were searched through August 2020. Experts were consulted to indicate additional studies. Studies were blindly selected by two reviewers based on pre-defined eligibility criteria. Studies that evaluated the prevalence of microbial orange and red complexes among patients with endodontic-periodontal lesion were considered eligible. Risk of bias was assessed using the Joanna Briggs Institute Critical Appraisal Checklist for Studies Reporting Prevalence Data. RESULTS: From 572 articles found on all databases, 11 clinical studies were finally included. The following microorganisms were investigated: P. gingivalis, T. forsythia, T. denticola, F. nucleatum, F. periodonticum, P. micra, P. intermedia, P. nigrescens, S. constellatus, C. gracilis, C. rectus, C. showae and E. nodatum. Considering the orange complex, P. micra, E. nodatum and S. constellatus were prevalent in both root canal and periodontal pockets. P. gingivalis and T. forsythia belonging to the red complex were prevalent only in periodontal pockets. The red complex microorganisms were not found very frequently in root canal. CONCLUSIONS: There is a similarity between the microbiome of root canal and periodontal pockets, with prevalence of the three microorganisms of the orange complex. Two microorganisms from the red complex were prevalent only in periodontal pockets. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: The prevalence of specific microorganisms in endodontic-periodontal lesion is important to understand the microbiological profile of the patients involved and to correlate it with possible clinical and repair conditions of this pathology.


Assuntos
Citrus sinensis , Microbiota , Humanos , Bolsa Periodontal , Porphyromonas gingivalis , Prevalência , Tratamento do Canal Radicular
17.
Lett Appl Microbiol ; 73(6): 741-749, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34562034

RESUMO

Lactic acid bacteria have been used to inhibit the growth of spoilage bacteria in food and animal feeds. For instance, Lactobacillus plantarum 163 can inhibit efficiently the growth of both gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria. In our study, the antibacterial activity of L. plantarum 163 was further improved significantly by genome shuffling. The optimal conditions for protoplast formation and regeneration were 20 mg ml-1 lysozyme and 5 mg ml-1 mutanolysin for 30 min at 37°C using 0·5 mol l-1 sucrose as stabilizer. The protoplasts were inactivated under ultraviolet light for 120 s or heated at 58°C for 20 min. After two rounds of genome shuffling, the inhibitory activity of strain F2-14 was improved by 2·45- and 1·99-fold, respectively, as compared to their parent strains. The prepared antibacterial peptides supernatant (APS) was added to the orange juice to inhibit spores of Alicyclobacillus acidoterrestris (SAA) at 45 and 28°C. Results showed that the growth of A. acidoterrestris was significantly inhibited, and the decrease in total soluble solids, OD value and pH value was also delayed. After treatment with APS, the thermal sensitivity of spores was increased and its D value was reduced to 13·78, 3·87 and 1·47 min at 80, 90 and 95°C respectively.


Assuntos
Alicyclobacillus , Citrus sinensis , Lactobacillus plantarum , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Bebidas , Embaralhamento de DNA , Bactérias Gram-Negativas , Bactérias Gram-Positivas , Lactobacillus plantarum/genética , Esporos Bacterianos
18.
J Biotechnol ; 341: 96-102, 2021 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34537254

RESUMO

Light management is important for improving algae cultivation, specifically by enhancing the productivity of biomass and valued bioproducts. In this study, we present evidence that alternating blue and red-orange light can improve the algal growth kinetics and lipid production in a photobioreactor. Blue (430-445, 460-470 nm) and red-orange light (580-660 nm) from a LED were set at the light saturation point (B: 65 µmol/m2s; RO: 155 µmol/m2s) and alternated for the cultivation of the green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. Growth kinetics, lipid, carbohydrate, and protein content were measured as a function of alternating illumination time. Results reveal that the first illumination light and illumination time had a significant impact on the growth kinetics and nutrient composition. When the red-orange light illumination was used at the beginning of cultivation (RO/B alternation), the biomass concentration and productivity increased 8% and 18% on average, respectively; lipid mass fraction and concentration increased 21-27% and 24-26% when 0.25-0.50 h per day of blue light illumination was used; no significant change of carbohydrate and protein content were observed. Relative to blue light alone, the improvement of growth kinetics, lipid mass fraction and concentration, and the carbohydrate concentration was significant. Under B/RO alternation (when the blue light was used first), on average, the protein content was significantly higher than RO/B alternation.


Assuntos
Chlamydomonas reinhardtii , Citrus sinensis , Biomassa , Luz , Lipídeos , Fotobiorreatores
19.
Nutrients ; 13(7)2021 Jul 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34371978

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate the impact of fruit preloads on the acute postprandial glycemic response (PGR) and satiety response of a rice meal in healthy female subjects based on iso-carbohydrate (IC) and hyper-carbohydrate (HC) contents, respectively. The IC test meals including (1) rice preload (R + 35R), (2) orange preload (O + 35R), (3) apple preload (A + 35R) and (4) pear preload (P + 35R), contained 50.0 g available carbohydrates (AC) where the preload contributed 15.0 g and rice provided 35.0 g. The HC meals included (1) orange preload (O + 50R), (2) apple preload (A+50R) and (3) pear preload (P + 50R), each containing 65.0 g AC, where the fruits contributed 15.0 g and rice provided 50.0 g. Drinking water 30 min before the rice meal was taken as reference (W + 50R). All the preload treatments, irrespective of IC or HC meals, resulted in remarkable reduction (p < 0.001) in terms of incremental peak glucose (IPG) and the maximum amplitude of glycemic excursion in 180 min (MAGE0-180), also a significant decrease (p < 0.05) in the area of PGR contributed by per gram of AC (AAC), compared with the W + 50R. Apple elicited the lowest PGR among all test meals, as the A + 35R halved the IPG and slashed the incremental area under the curve in 180 min (iAUC0-180) by 45.7%, while the A + 50R reduced the IPG by 29.7%, compared with the W + 50R. All the preload meals and the reference meal showed comparable self-reported satiety in spite of the difference in AC. In conclusion, pre-meal consumption of three fruits effectively curbed post-meal glycemia even in the case of a 30% extra carbohydrate load.


Assuntos
Glicemia/análise , Carboidratos da Dieta/administração & dosagem , Frutas , Período Pós-Prandial , Adolescente , Adulto , Citrus sinensis , Feminino , Índice Glicêmico , Voluntários Saudáveis , Humanos , Malus , Refeições , Oryza , Pyrus , Saciação , Adulto Jovem
20.
Molecules ; 26(15)2021 Jul 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34361706

RESUMO

Chemical and thermochemical transformations were performed on orange peel to obtain materials that were characterized and further tested to explore their potential as adsorbents for the removal of methylene blue (MB) from aqueous solutions. The results show the high potential of some of these materials for MB adsorption not only due to the surface area of the resulting substrate but also to the chemistry of the corresponding surface functional groups. Fitting of the kinetic as well as the equilibrium experimental data to different models suggests that a variety of interactions are involved in MB adsorption. The overall capacities for these substrates (larger than 192.31 mg g-1) were found to compare well with those reported for activated carbon and other adsorbents of agro-industrial origin. According to these results and complementary with theoretical study using Density Functional Theory (DFT) approximations, it was found that the most important adsorption mechanisms of MB correspond to: (i) electrostatic interactions, (ii) H-bonding, and (iii) π (MB)-π (biochar) interactions. In view of these findings, it can be concluded that adsorbent materials obtained from orange peel, constitute a good alternative for the removal of MB dye from aqueous solutions.


Assuntos
Citrus sinensis/química , Frutas/química , Azul de Metileno/isolamento & purificação , Águas Residuárias/química , Poluentes Químicos da Água/isolamento & purificação , Adsorção , Carvão Vegetal/química , Teoria da Densidade Funcional , Humanos , Ligação de Hidrogênio , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Cinética , Pós , Eletricidade Estática , Resíduos/análise
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