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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36078836

RESUMO

Evangelical Christians are among the most hesitant to get the COVID-19 vaccine. This study examined the extent to which COVID-19 vaccination uptake among Evangelicals is explained by demographic characteristics, Health Belief Model constructs, and faith-based support factors. Survey research firm Qualtrics recruited 531 U.S. adults and conducted a survey to explore predictors of COVID-19 vaccine uptake among people who self-identified as Evangelicals in September 2021. A logistic regression showed that those reporting high perceived benefits of the COVID-19 vaccine were more likely to be vaccinated, while those reporting high perceived barriers were less likely to be vaccinated. Those whose healthcare provider asked them about the vaccine were more likely to be vaccinated than those whose healthcare provider did not ask. Finally, while those who reported information seeking from religious leaders were less likely to be vaccinated, those who reported more faith-based support for vaccination were more likely to be vaccinated. In addition to beliefs about benefits and barriers to vaccination, the role of healthcare providers and clergy were important factors influencing vaccination status. Intervention efforts that capitalize on partnerships between health providers and clergy in supportive congregations may be able to reach undecided Evangelicals.


Assuntos
Vacinas contra COVID-19 , COVID-19 , Adulto , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Clero , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Vacinação , Hesitação Vacinal
2.
J Pastoral Care Counsel ; 76(3): 160-161, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35942804

RESUMO

This manuscript highlights potential barriers hospitalized Hindu patients and caregivers living in the United States encounter while accessing chaplaincy care. Community-based participatory research is suggested to foster partnerships between chaplains and the Hindu community in developing evidence-based, inclusive models of pastoral care.


Assuntos
Serviço Religioso no Hospital , Assistência Religiosa , Clero , Humanos , Estados Unidos
5.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 119(30): e2121953119, 2022 07 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35858394

RESUMO

Gregor Mendel was an Augustinian priest in the Monastery of St. Thomas in Brünn (Brno, Czech Republic) as well as a civilian employee who taught natural history and physics in the Brünn Modern School. The monastery's secular function was to provide teachers for the public schools across Moravia. It was a cultural, educational, and artistic center with an elite core of friar-teachers with a well-stocked library and other amenities including a gourmet kitchen. It was wealthy, with far-flung holdings yielding income from agricultural productions. Mendel had failed his tryout as a parish priest and did not complete his examination for teaching certification despite 2 y of study at the University of Vienna. In addition to his teaching and religious obligations, Mendel carried out daily meteorological and astronomical observations, cared for the monastery's fruit orchard and beehives, and tended plants in the greenhouse and small outdoor gardens. In the years 1856 to 1863, he carried out experiments on heredity of traits in garden peas regarded as revolutionary today but not widely recognized during his lifetime and until 16 y after his death. In 1868 he was elected abbot of the monastery, a significantly elevated position in the ecclesiastical and civil hierarchy. While he had hoped to be elected, and was honored to accept, he severely underestimated its administrative responsibilities and gradually had to abandon his scientific interests. The last decade of his life was marred by an ugly dispute with civil authorities over monastery taxation.


Assuntos
Genética , Hereditariedade , Clero , Dissidências e Disputas , Genética/história , História do Século XIX , Ervilhas/genética
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35897301

RESUMO

COVID-19 vaccination rates have increased since distribution began in December 2020. However, in some states, such as South Carolina, getting people to take the vaccine has been challenging; as of spring 2022, slightly less than 60% of the total population is fully vaccinated. Vaccine hesitancy among Black Americans may be explained by several factors, including lack of confidence in the medical establishment and vaccines in particular. Faith-based leaders, such as pastors, can make a difference. This study explores the communication strategies that pastors in predominantly Black churches use to increase COVID-19 vaccination rates among churchgoers and the surrounding community. We conducted semi-structured interviews with 10 pastors in South Carolina. The main themes that emerged are: (1) using various communication channels to ensure access; (2) representing a trusted source of information; (3) offering a role model for vaccination-leading by example; and (4) strengthening the commitment to health. As the need for COVID-19 vaccination continues, including booster vaccines, pastors can provide accurate information and community outreach to promote the health of Black communities.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Clero , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Vacinas contra COVID-19 , Humanos , South Carolina , Vacinação
7.
Eur J Pharm Biopharm ; 177: 241-248, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35840072

RESUMO

The availability of rapid methods that can accurately define and quantify biopharmaceutical critical quality attributes has been the driving force for the implementation of mass spectrometry techniques throughout the development and production pipeline. While the multi-attribute method (MAM) has become widely adopted and developed, some critical information cannot be monitored through this workflow, such as correct chain assembly or the presence of fragments or aggregates. In this study, we combine intact protein mass spectrometry and the multi-attribute method to create an intact multi-attribute method - or iMAM. Using a CFR Part 11 compliant data system, we evaluated the proposed workflow using several intact analysis approaches under both denaturing and native conditions. As for the standard MAM approach, iMAM involves the generation of an intact protein target workbook which is created from the analysis of a reference sample, with ID confirmation obtained from deconvolution results and chromatographic retention times, while quantitation is obtained from the intensities of the m/z of most abundant charge states. The created processing method is then applied to the analysis of subsequent samples. New peak detection can also be performed, monitoring the number of components revealed after each analysis. The entire data process can be automated to generate a report within the chromatography data system software. Three case studies presented herein show the potential of iMAM for implementation at different stages of the production pipeline, from product development to stability testing and batch release.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos , Anticorpos Monoclonais/química , Cromatografia Líquida/métodos , Clero , Humanos , Espectrometria de Massas/métodos
8.
Palliat Med ; 36(6): 1006-1017, 2022 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35848214

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Muslims are the largest religious minority in Europe. When confronted with life-threatening illness, they turn to their local imams for religious guidance. AIM: To gain knowledge about how imams shape their roles in decision-making in palliative care. DESIGN: Direct Content Analysis through a typology of imam roles. To explore motives, this was complemented by Narrative Analysis. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: Ten Turkish imams working in the Netherlands, with experience in guiding congregants in palliative care. RESULTS: The roles of Jurist, Exegete, Missionary, Advisor and Ritual Guide were identified. Three narratives emerged: Hope can work miracles, Responsibility needs to be shared, and Mask your grief. Participants urged patients not to consent to withholding or terminating treatment but to search for a cure, since this might be rewarded with miraculous healing. When giving consent seemed unavoidable, the fear of being held responsible by God for wrongful death was often managed by requesting fatwa from committees of religious experts. Relatives were urged to hide their grief from dying patients so they would not lose hope in God. CONCLUSION: Imams urge patients' relatives to show faith in God by seeking maximum treatment. This attitude is motivated by the fear that all Muslims involved will be held accountable by God for questioning His omnipotence to heal. Therefore, doctors may be urged to offer treatment that contradicts medical standards for good palliative care. To bridge this gap, tailor-made palliative care should be developed in collaboration with imams. Future research might include imams of other Muslim organizations.


Assuntos
Enfermagem de Cuidados Paliativos na Terminalidade da Vida , Médicos , Clero , Humanos , Islamismo , Cuidados Paliativos
9.
10.
Stud Health Technol Inform ; 290: 989-990, 2022 Jun 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35673170

RESUMO

This study aimed to analyze the measurement of information quality in the Information System of the Brazilian Hospital in terms of data completeness and consistency. The quality of information is a fundamental factor in evaluating the performance of information systems. Its use is a reasonable condition in the management of the health service and attention to the care of patients. The research had a retrospective, descriptive character exploratory with quantitative analysis of the data. The study had some limitations, we observed incomplete information regarding some studied variables; this is because the primary source of information in the cancer registry is the patient's medical record. Therefore, the patient's medical records are relevant and should contain the entire health history, from birth to death. In addition, they support research, the management of health services.


Assuntos
Institutos de Câncer , Neoplasias , Brasil/epidemiologia , Clero , Hospitais , Humanos , Sistemas de Informação , Neoplasias/terapia , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos
12.
13.
Virologie (Montrouge) ; 26(2): 209-210, 2022 Mar 01.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35766090
14.
Patient Educ Couns ; 105(9): 2905-2912, 2022 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35577635

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Hospital chaplains communicate with patients concerning spirituality/religion, but many aspects of their interactions have received little attention. METHODS: Telephone qualitative interviews of ~1 h each were conducted with chaplains and analyzed, drawing on grounded theory. RESULTS: We interviewed 21 U.S. chaplains. Chaplains have relatively unique characteristics, having relatively more time to spend with patients, and less rigid and less medicalized agendas, while gaining respect/trust as religious figures. Chaplains can thus provide several critical beneficial functions - e.g., obtaining key information from patients/families that can help with decision-making and with diagnosis and treatment, and conveying medical providers' points of view to patients/families. Consequently, chaplains can serve as mediators between patients/families and providers; and also overcome staff biases and "labelling" of patients, and pursue or encourage psychological interventions, in part because psychotherapists are often unavailable. CONCLUSION: While past research suggested certain ways how chaplains might benefit hospitals, these professionals can aid these institutions and improve patient care in additional vital, tangible ways. PRACTICAL IMPLICATIONS: Hospital administrators, chaplaincy departments, doctors, nurses and others should more fully recognize, encourage and facilitate these functions. Targeted improvements in practice and education can help achieve these goals. The findings suggest, too, several specific questions for further investigation.


Assuntos
Clero , Médicos , Clero/psicologia , Comunicação , Hospitais , Humanos , Espiritualidade
15.
Psychiatr Pol ; 56(1): 137-152, 2022 Feb 27.
Artigo em Inglês, Polonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35569154

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The main objective of the study was not only to show the scale of child sexual abuse by clergy itself, but rather presentation of the manner in which perpetrators act and what their motivations are. METHODS: It involved aqualitative and quantitative analysis of documentation gathered by the Foundation dedicated to supporting victims of sexual abuse by clergy. For the purpose of the study the authors prepared a survey which included information pertaining to the circumstances of the abuse, the abuser, the aggrieved person, as well as legal and non-legal consequences (sanctions). Finally, information pertaining to 80 criminal cases from 2001-2019 in which the perpetrator (member of the clergy) was sentenced by afinal and binding judgment was gathered. RESULTS: On the basis of analysis of the empirical material, various models of the perpetrators' modi operandi have been developed, which included also the methods of selecting the victims or types of actions taken to keep the abuse of minors secret. As part of the analyzes, the characteristics of the aggrieved persons were also developed, and the characteristics specific to various models of clergy behavior were distinguished. CONCLUSIONS: Attention should be drawn to the fact that in many of the cases the clergy perpetrated child sexual abuse consisted in direct physical violence, as well as regular sexual intercourse. Also, not all perpetrators were required to undergo appropriate diagnostic tests in order to verify whether they have a disorder of sexual preference in the form of pedophilia. In the studied group of cases, in every third case the perpetrator, after disclosure of the acts, was transferred to another parish, where other similar acts took place.


Assuntos
Abuso Sexual na Infância , Vítimas de Crime , Pedofilia , Catolicismo , Criança , Abuso Sexual na Infância/diagnóstico , Clero , Humanos , Menores de Idade , Pedofilia/diagnóstico
16.
J Child Sex Abus ; 31(4): 393-411, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35635066

RESUMO

The Catholic Church has faced a large number of complaints against its representatives for sexual crimes that involved children and adolescents as victims. The objective of this study was to characterize the dynamics of this type of event, its characteristics, and its effects in terms of mental health and social consequences, as well as the spiritual damage generated. The sample comprised 182 victims from Spain and Chile, divided into three mutually exclusive groups (n = 40 committed by a representative of the Catholic Church; n = 85 by a family member; n = 57 by a perpetrator outside the family and the Church). The results show that victims of child sexual abuse (CSA) by a representative of the Catholic Church and other perpetrators are similar in many respects (e.g., religiosity, characteristics of the abuse, and mental health and social problems), but that the effects on religiosity are more serious for victims of the clergy, affecting their belief in God. Finally, the extreme decline in belief in God, due to CSA, is an important predictor for most mental health and social problems. Our results show the need to include the Catholic identity, faith and spirituality in the therapeutic context.


Assuntos
Abuso Sexual na Infância , Maus-Tratos Infantis , Adolescente , Catolicismo/psicologia , Criança , Abuso Sexual na Infância/psicologia , Clero , Humanos , Saúde Mental
18.
S Afr Med J ; 112(5): 317-320, 2022 04 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35587243

RESUMO

The Portfolio Committee on Health (PCH) is responsible for obtaining public input on the National Health Insurance Bill, reviewing the Bill based on these inputs, and presenting the final Bill to the National Assembly. More than 130 individuals, organisations and institutions requested to make oral presentations, which commenced on 18 May 2021. Drawing on Parliamentary Monitoring Group meeting summaries and the presentations and submissions made by 82 respondents between 18 May and 10 September 2021, we examine governance concerns, especially in relation to the role and powers of the Minister of Health, and respondents' proposals for addressing them, and outline the challenges and options for the PCH in responding to the proposals.


Assuntos
Clero , Programas Nacionais de Saúde , Humanos , Seguro Saúde , África do Sul
19.
New Bioeth ; 28(2): 152-167, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35549843

RESUMO

Central to this essay is the understanding that varied communities may have an inherent and unrecognised culture of their own and this culture may be detrimental to their core. Bioethics constitutes one such community and is embedded in norms and values comprising its own culture. I use exclusion of religion or simply 'irreligion' as an example of a cultural element that may be established and so shape the culture of bioethics. Irreligious bioethics includes both overt religious preclusion and the more pervasive form of religious marginalisation. This norm is narrated into the culture of bioethics with justifications sustaining it. Irreligious bioethics is inadmissible as it claims illegitimate neutrality, is a misuse of expertise and results in a variety of harms. As bioethics is influential in society, those engaged should be critically reflective and aware of harmful cultural elements whilst also possessing the honesty, courage and capacity to change them.


Assuntos
Bioética , Clero , Humanos , Religião
20.
J Pastoral Care Counsel ; 76(3): 181-188, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35611650

RESUMO

The authors distributed a questionnaire to various hospital staff to explore perceptions surrounding the role of chaplains in patient care and healing through assessing opinions, beliefs, and knowledge. Results revealed a poor understanding of the role of the hospital chaplain in the UK. The authors therefore advocate education programs to increase awareness of the varied role of the hospital chaplain in fulfilling patient spiritual needs to increase referral practices, leading to improved patient outcomes.


Assuntos
Serviço Religioso no Hospital , Assistência Religiosa , Clero , Hospitais , Humanos , Assistência Religiosa/métodos , Assistência ao Paciente , Espiritualidade
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