Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 7.670
Filtrar
1.
Food Chem ; 366: 130504, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34273856

RESUMO

Drying process affected the qualitative indicators of green coffees; chlorogenic acid (CGAs), total phenolic content (TPC), antioxidant activities and CIE-lab color to varying degrees. Sun drying and heat pump drying resulted in comparable levels of CGAs and antioxidant activities in green coffees; however, color parameters, especially lightness (L*), differed. Correlation analyses indicated a relationship between specific CGAs, antioxidant activities and color parameters among coffees. PLS analysis revealed that the high contents of 5-caffeoylquinic acid in green coffees did not correlate with antioxidant activities. Results from CGAs contents and PCA analysis provided a linkage to previous research relating important components and quality indices of both green and roasted coffees as affected by postharvest drying. Results indicated that heat pump drying at 50 °C is a viable alternative and possibly superior to sun drying for preserving certain desirable chemical and physical characteristics of green coffee.


Assuntos
Ácido Clorogênico , Coffea , Antioxidantes , Ácido Clorogênico/análise , Café , Tailândia
2.
Food Chem ; 366: 130480, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34284192

RESUMO

The near-infrared spectrometry combined with the one-class classification method was applied as quality control of the agroforestry-grown specialty coffee. A total of 34 samples were analyzed in this study. Spectral data were obtained using a NIR portable and different pre-treatment strategies for baseline correction were evaluated. Unsupervised pattern recognition (PCA and HCA) techniques were performed. The construction of the classification model was carried out using the dd-SIMCA algorithm with 19 samples acquired directly from producers that are recognized for the best quality control of the specialty type coffee. In order to test the model, 15 samples of non-specialty type, obtained in local markets, were evaluated. The classification model with the highest correct classification rate (CCR) scored 100% and 87% in the validation and test groups, respectively. The results demonstrated that the application of this strategy was successful in verifying the authenticity of specialty type agroforestry-grown coffee samples.


Assuntos
Café , Espectroscopia de Luz Próxima ao Infravermelho , Algoritmos , Brasil
3.
Food Chem ; 367: 130679, 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34352695

RESUMO

The chemical complexity of coffee influences the sensory evaluation of the beverage, the main method used to define the quality of the coffee. In view of the subjectivity that method offers, we propose the association of an instrumental method with multivariate calibration (PLS and GA-SVR) to predict the quality of arabica coffee as support for sensory analysis. Arabica coffee samples were submitted to sensory evaluation using the Specialty Coffee Association (SCA) protocol and HS-SPME-GC/MS analysis. The models presented RMSEp results from 0.20 to 0.25, within the evaluation range the quality levels of sensory attributes (0.25). For the fragrance/aroma attribute, a value of R2p equal to 0.8503 was reached. 15 volatile compounds were identified as responsible for predicting the quality of arabica coffee, among which, 1-nonadecene was first reported as an impact compound in the prediction of important sensory attributes.


Assuntos
Coffea , Café , Calibragem , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas , Odorantes/análise
4.
Food Chem ; 370: 131257, 2022 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34788947

RESUMO

Conventional and innovative (microwave-assisted and subcritical water extraction) techniques were applied to investigate the bioactive content of traditional plant - Teucrium montanum. Verbascoside and echinacoside, identified and quantified using LC-MS/MS and HPLC-PAD, were found to be the predominant phenolics in all extracts. Infusion (30 °C, 30 min) was characterized with the highest total phenolic content and antioxidant capacity and was further used for encapsulation into liposomes. Formulation of liposomes with a high encapsulation efficiency of echinacoside (68.27%) and verbascoside (80.60%), satisfactory physical properties, including size (326.2 nm) and polydispersity index (0.34), was achieved, although determined zeta potential (-23.03 mV) indicated their instability. Formulated liposomes were successfully coated with pectin and alginate that was also proved by FTIR analysis. Liposomes coated with pectin showed the most desirable in vitro digestion release of verbascoside and echinacoside, while alginate as liposome surface layer proved to be more appropriate for their retention during storage time.


Assuntos
Teucrium , Cromatografia Líquida , Café , Lipossomos , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
5.
Chemosphere ; 286(Pt 3): 131863, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34411928

RESUMO

Nanoplastic (NP) pollution is an emerging global concern due to its adverse impact on aquatic ecosystems. Nevertheless, the removal of aqueous NPs from aquatic environments remains a significant challenge. This study aims to investigate whether polystyrene NP in aqueous solutions can be removed using coffee grounds. Due to the difficulty associated with directly measuring NP levels and monitoring the biosorption process, we used fluorescent-orange amine-modified polystyrene beads (fluo-NP, 100 nm) to evaluate the efficacy of the biosorption process. The factors including pH, coffee grounds concentration, initial fluo-NP concentration, and contact time were optimized on batch experiments. In addition, the isotherm and kinetic models were employed to clarify the adsorption behaviors and mechanisms. It was found that aqueous fluo-NP particles were effectively adsorbed onto the coffee grounds over a wide pH range (pH 2-12), with a coffee ground concentration of 25 g/L leading to the maximum adsorption efficiency (74%). The equilibrium adsorption capacity of the coffee grounds was 4 mg/g for a reaction time of 40 min. Coffee grounds demonstrated the highest removal efficiency when the initial fluo-NP concentration was 100-125 mg/L. The Dubinin-Radushkevich model and pseudo-second-order model described the adsorption isotherm and kinetics well, respectively, and the adsorption at high fluo-NP concentration range was favorable. Moreover, the results suggest that the mechanism lies in the electrostatic interactions and hydrogen bonding between surface functional groups of the coffee grounds and the fluo-NP particles. Given that there is an urgent need to remove NPs from aqueous systems, this study illustrates that it is possible to use coffee ground biowaste for this purpose.


Assuntos
Café , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Adsorção , Ecossistema , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Cinética , Plásticos , Poliestirenos , Soluções , Termodinâmica , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
6.
Sci Total Environ ; 804: 150217, 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34520910

RESUMO

Co-pyrolysis technology of urban solid waste and biomass has broad application prospects in alleviating energy crisis and environmental pollution. In this study, thermogravimetric-Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (TG-FTIR) was used to study the co-pyrolysis characteristics of coal gangue (CG) and coffee industry residue (CIR). CG and CIR were uniformly mixed according to the mass ratios of 1: 0, 7:3, 5:5, 3:7, and 0:1. Then the samples were heated and pyrolyzed in an atmosphere with a nitrogen flow rate of 60 mL/min. As the proportion of CG increased, the comprehensive pyrolysis index (CPI) showed an exponential decrease. FTIR detected that the gas produced by pyrolysis of CG-CIR contained hydroxyl compounds, hydrocarbons, CO2, CO, Phenols, and NH3. CG-CIR co-pyrolysis had obvious interaction. By using Kissinger-Akahira-Sunose (KAS) and Flynn-Wall-Ozawa (FWO) methods, the relationship between activation energy (Eα) and kinetic parameters and conversion degree was studied. Principal component analysis (PCA) was used to determine the principal reaction of CG-CIR pyrolysis. ANN 21 was the best model for predicting the pyrolysis of CG-CIR.


Assuntos
Carvão Mineral , Pirólise , Biomassa , Carvão Mineral/análise , Café , Cinética , Idioma , Termodinâmica , Termogravimetria
7.
Chemosphere ; 286(Pt 2): 131730, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34364231

RESUMO

Coffee is a globally consumed beverage that produces a substantial amount of valuable organic waste known as spent coffee grounds (SCG). Although SCG is a non-edible biomass, research initiatives focused on valorizing/utilizing its organic content, protecting the environment, and reducing the high oxygen demand required for its natural degradation. The integration with biorefinery in general and with pyrolysis process in specific is considerered the most successful solid waste management strategy of SCG that produce energy and high-value products. This paper aims at providing a quantitative analysis and discussion of research work done over the last 20 years on SCG as a feedstock in the circular bioeconomy (CBE). Management stratigies of SCG have been thoroughly reviewed and pyrolysis process has been explored as a novel technology in CBE. Results revealed that explored articles belong to Chemical, physical., biological and environmental science branches, with Energy & Fuels as the most reporting themes. Published works correlate SCG to renewable energy, biofuel, and bio-oil, with pyrolysis as a potential valorization approach. Literature review showed that only one study focused on the pyrolysis of defatted spent coffee grounds (DSCG). The insightful conclusions of this paper could assist in proposing several paths to more economically valorization of SCG through biorefinery, where extracted oil can be converted to biofuels or value-added goods. It was highlighted the importance of focusing on the coupling of SCG with CBE as solid waste managment strategy.


Assuntos
Café , Gerenciamento de Resíduos , Biocombustíveis , Pirólise , Resíduos Sólidos
8.
Food Chem ; 369: 130753, 2022 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34488135

RESUMO

Approximately 11.4 million tonnes of solid by-products and an increased amount of waste water will be generated during the 2020/21 coffee harvest. There are currently no truly value-adding uses for these potentially environmentally threatening species. This work presents the most wide-ranging chemical investigation of coffee by-products collected from farms to factories, including eight never previously investigated. Twenty compounds were found for the first time in coffee by-products including the bioactive neomangiferin, kaempferol-3-O-rutinoside, lup-20(29)-en-3-one and 3,4-dimethoxy cinnamic acid. Five by-products generated inside a factory showed caffeine (53.0-17.0 mg.g-1) and/or chlorogenic acid (72.9-10.1 mg.g-1) content comparable to coffee beans, while mature leaf from plant pruning presented not only high contents of both compounds (16.4 and 38.9 mg.g-1, respectively), but also of mangiferin (19.4 mg.g-1) besides a variety of flavonoids. Such by-products are a source of a range of bioactive compounds and could be explored with potential economic and certainly environmental benefits.


Assuntos
Café , Extratos Vegetais , Ácido Clorogênico/análise , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Fazendas
9.
Food Chem ; 371: 131063, 2022 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34555703

RESUMO

This work aims the study chemometric methods for the classification of the origin of coffee samples. Samples of finely pulverized coffee grains were analyzed by synchronous molecular fluorescence spectroscopy to carry out the classification. The spectral data of the samples were obtained in triplicate in two offsets: 10 nm (with emission wavelengths from 240 nm to 600 nm) and 40 nm (from 240 nm to 560 nm), all with 1 nm resolution. Different strategies were performed using the spectra obtained with the offsets of 10 nm and 40 nm and fused data at mid-level (10 nm + 40 nm). The performances of linear and nonlinear methods were compared, the best results were obtained from the raw data from the fusion at low-level of the 10 nm and 40 nm offset spectra with the Pareto optimization criterion.


Assuntos
Café , Geografia , Espectrometria de Fluorescência
10.
Food Chem ; 371: 131159, 2022 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34598115

RESUMO

Coffee aroma is critical for consumer liking and enables price differentiation of coffee. This study applied hyperspectral imaging (1000-2500 nm) to predict volatile compounds in single roasted coffee beans, as measured by Solid Phase Micro Extraction-Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry and Gas Chromatography-Olfactometry. Partial least square (PLS) regression models were built for individual volatile compounds and chemical classes. Selected key aroma compounds were predicted well enough to allow rapid screening (R2 greater than 0.7, Ratio to Performance Deviation (RPD) greater than 1.5), and improved predictions were achieved for classes of compounds - e.g. aldehydes and pyrazines (R2 âˆ¼ 0.8, RPD âˆ¼ 1.9). To demonstrate the approach, beans were successfully segregated by HSI into prototype batches with different levels of pyrazines (smoky) or aldehydes (sweet). This is industrially relevant as it will provide new rapid tools for quality evaluation, opportunities to understand and minimise heterogeneity during production and roasting and ultimately provide the tools to define and achieve new coffee flavour profiles.


Assuntos
Café , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas , Imageamento Hiperespectral , Odorantes/análise , Sementes/química , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis/análise
11.
Bioresour Technol ; 343: 126062, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34601025

RESUMO

This study evaluated the performance of spent coffee biochar (SCBC)/granular activated carbon (GAC) activating peroxymonosulfate (PMS) and peroxydisulfate (PDS) for urea degradation in reclaimed water used for ultrapure water production. Results showed that catalyst and oxidant wielded a great influence on urea removal. Of them, the GAC-PMS system could completely remove urea at the least oxidant (1 g/L) and catalyst dosage (0.2 g/L). GAC activating PMS mainly depended on graphite C structure and minor oxygen functional groups. However, the amounts of urea removed by 600BC-PMS and 900BC-PMS were 57% and 70%, respectively. In the PDS system, the urea removal through GAC-PDS could reach 90%, which mainly depends on the graphite C structure of GAC. Using the same conditions, the urea removal of 900BC-PDS was similar to GAC-PDS, so it has some potential as an alternative to commercial GAC.


Assuntos
Carvão Vegetal , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Café , Peróxidos , Ureia , Água , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
12.
Food Chem ; 372: 131188, 2022 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34624779

RESUMO

The present study assessed the nutritional composition of coffee silverskin (CSS) obtained from arabica roasted coffee. Following validated analytical methods, CSS resulted to be a high source of proteins (14.2 g/100 g) and dietary fibers (51.5 g/100 g). Moreover, the mineral analysis revealed high contents of calcium (1.1 g/100 g) and potassium (1.0 g/100 g). To date, this study provided the widest mineral profile of CSS with 30 minerals targeted including 23 microminerals with high levels of iron (238.0 mg/kg), manganese (46.7 mg/kg), copper (37.9 mg/kg), and zinc (31.9 mg/kg). Moreover, vitamins B2 (0.18-0.2 mg/kg) and B3 (2.5-3.1 mg/kg) were studied and reported for the first time in CSS. ß-sitosterol (77.1 mg/kg), campesterol, stigmasterol, and Δ5-avenasterol, were also observed from the phytosterol analysis of CSS with a total level of 98.4 mg/kg. This rich nutritional profile highlights the potential values of CSS for innovative reuses in bioactive ingredients development.


Assuntos
Fitosteróis , Complexo Vitamínico B , Café , Minerais , Estigmasterol
13.
An Acad Bras Cienc ; 93(suppl 4): e20210481, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34730624

RESUMO

Epidemiological studies have shown an inverse association between coffee consumption and the development of Parkinson's disease (PD). The effects of the oral treatment with green (non-roasted) coffee extracts (CE, 100 or 400 mg/kg) and caffeine (31.2 mg/kg) were evaluated on catalepsy induced by haloperidol in mice, and unilateral 6-OHDA lesion of medial forebrain bundle (MFB) or striatum in rats. Also, the in vitro antioxidant activity and the monoamine levels in the striatum were investigated. CE presented a mild antioxidant activity in vitro and its administration decreased the catalepsy index. CE at the dose of 400 mg/kg induced ipsilateral rotations 14 days after lesion; however, chronic 30-day CE and caffeine treatments did not interfere with the animals' rotation after apomorphine or methamphetamine challenges in animals with MFB lesion, nor on monoamines levels. Furthermore, CE and caffeine were effective in inhibiting the asymmetry between ipsilateral and contralateral rotations induced by methamphetamine and apomorphine in animals with lesion in the striatum but did not avoid the monoamines depletion. These results indicate that CE components indirectly modulate dopaminergic transmission, suggesting a pro-dopaminergic action of CE, and further investigation must be conducted to elucidate the mechanisms of action and the possible neuroprotective role in PD.


Assuntos
Café , Doença de Parkinson , Animais , Comportamento Animal , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Camundongos , Modelos Animais , Oxidopamina/toxicidade , Doença de Parkinson/tratamento farmacológico , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/uso terapêutico , Ratos
14.
Braz J Med Biol Res ; 54(12): e11071, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34730678

RESUMO

Kahweol is a compound derived from coffee with reported antinociceptive effects. Based on the few reports that exist in the literature regarding the mechanisms involved in kahweol-induced peripheral antinociceptive action, this study proposed to investigate the contribution of the endocannabinoid system to the peripheral antinociception induced in rats by kahweol. Hyperalgesia was induced by intraplantar injection of prostaglandin E2(PGE2) and was measured with the paw pressure test. Kahweol and the drugs to test the cannabinoid system were administered locally into the right hind paw. The endocannabinoids were purified by open-bed chromatography on silica and measured by LC-MS. Kahweol (80 µg/paw) induced peripheral antinociception against PGE2-induced hyperalgesia. This effect was reversed by the intraplantar injection of the CB1 cannabinoid receptor antagonist AM251 (20, 40, and 80 µg/paw), but not by the CB2 cannabinoid receptor antagonist AM630 (100 µg/paw). Treatment with the endocannabinoid reuptake inhibitor VDM11 (2.5 µg/paw) intensified the peripheral antinociceptive effect induced by low-dose kahweol (40 µg/paw). The monoacylglycerol lipase (MAGL) inhibitor, JZL184 (4 µg/paw), and the dual MAGL/fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) inhibitor, MAFP (0.5 µg/paw), potentiated the peripheral antinociceptive effect of low-dose kahweol. Furthermore, kahweol increased the levels of the endocannabinoid anandamide, but not of the other endocannabinoid 2-arachidonoylglycerol nor of anandamide-related N-acylethanolamines, in the plantar surface of the rat paw. Our results suggested that kahweol induced peripheral antinociception via anandamide release and activation of CB1 cannabinoid receptors and this compound could be used to develop new drugs for pain relief.


Assuntos
Diterpenos , Endocanabinoides , Analgésicos/farmacologia , Animais , Café , Hiperalgesia/induzido quimicamente , Hiperalgesia/tratamento farmacológico , Ratos , Receptor CB1 de Canabinoide , Receptor CB2 de Canabinoide
16.
Braz Dent J ; 32(4): 96-105, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34787256

RESUMO

This study evaluated the effect of post-cure heat treatment (PCHT) on the Knoop microhardness (KHN), degree of conversion (DC), color changes, and contrast ratio (CR) of four resin composites (RCs): Z100 (3M ESPE), Z350 XT (3M ESPE), Estelite Omega (Tokuyama) and Empress Direct (Ivoclar Vivadent). Specimens (12 × 1 mm) were prepared for each material (n = 10 / group). After curing, samples were subjected to PCHT for 10 min at 100°C or 170°C. Control group was maintained at room temperature (24°C) for the same time. The DC was analyzed by FT-NIR immediately and 24 h after the PCHT (n = 3 / group). KHN was analyzed 24 h after PCHT (n = 10 / group). According to CIEDE2000 (∆E00), color measurements were obtained immediately after curing, five minutes after PCHT, and after seven days of storage in water, coffee, and red wine. Data were analyzed by One and Two-Way ANOVA (p < 0.05). Z100, Z350, and Estelite Omega showed increases in KHN with increased temperature (p < 0.05). PCHT at 100°C and 170°C led to a higher DC of all RCs (p < 0.05). Initially, the PCHT lead to increased ∆E00 values (p < 0.05), which was decreased after immersion in coffee and wine (p < 0.05). Considering the effect of PCHT and staining solutions, lower color changes were observed in the thermally treated specimens (p < 0.05). Taken collectively, the results suggest the PCHT as an economical and practical alternative to enhance direct RC's properties in direct-indirect and indirect restorations.


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas , Temperatura Alta , Café , Teste de Materiais , Propriedades de Superfície
17.
J Appl Biomater Funct Mater ; 19: 22808000211058866, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34816765

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of a coffee beverage and two whitening systems on the surface roughness and gloss of glazed Lithium Disilicate Glass-Ceramics (LDGC) for computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) systems. METHODS: Sixty-eight LDGC disks (12 × 10 × 2 mm) were prepared from blocks of CAD/CAM systems (IPS e.max CAD ceramic). Baseline measurements for surface roughness (Ra) and gloss (GU) were taken using a 3-D optical profilometer and a glossmeter, respectively; then specimens were randomized into four groups (n = 17). All specimens were immersed in a coffee solution (24 h × 12 days) then subjected to two whitening systems. G1-negative control (kept moist × 7 days); G2-positive control (brushed with distilled water, 200 g/load, 2 min twice daily × 7 days); G3-whitening toothpaste (Colgate optic white; relative dentin abrasivity (RDA) = 100, 200 g/load, 2 min twice daily × 7 days); and G4-simulated at-home bleaching protocol (Opalescence,15% carbamide peroxide (CP), 6 h/day × 7 days). The study outcomes were measured at baseline and after the treatments. Data were analyzed using paired T-test and one-way ANOVA (α = 0.05). RESULTS: The mean surface roughness significantly increased (p ⩽ 0.002) for all groups after the designated treatment protocols. Among groups, the mean surface roughness of G2 and G3 were significantly higher (p ⩽ 0.001) (Ra: 0.51 and 0.57 µm, respectively) compared to the control group (Ra: 0.23 µm), and were not significantly different from G4 (Ra: 0.46 µm). Surface gloss decreased with no significant change within or among groups after treatment. CONCLUSION: All glazed LDGC had a significant increase in surface roughness after being subjected to simulated 1 year of coffee drinking and whitening systems (15% CP and whitening toothpaste), and the greatest change was associated with brushing (simulating 8 months). However, coffee beverages and whitening systems had no significant effect on the surface gloss.


Assuntos
Cerâmica , Café , Bebidas , Desenho Assistido por Computador , Porcelana Dentária , Propriedades de Superfície
18.
BMC Neurol ; 21(1): 380, 2021 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34600504

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Stroke is a crucial health threat to adults worldwide. Despite extensive knowledge of risk-factor mitigation, no primary prevention exists for healthy people. Coffee is a widely consumed beverage globally. Health benefit of coffee for several neurological diseases has been identified; however, the association between stroke risk and coffee consumption in healthy people has not been determined. We investigated the effect of coffee on stroke risk by conducting a meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies. METHODS: Electronic databases, namely PubMed, BioMed Central, Medline, and Google Scholar, were searched using terms related to stroke and coffee. Articles that described clear diagnostic criteria for stroke and details on coffee consumption were included. The reference lists of relevant articles were reviewed to identify eligible studies not shortlisted using these terms. Enrolled studies were grouped into three outcome categories: overall stroke, hemorrhagic stroke, and ischemic stroke. RESULTS: Seven studies were included and all of them were large-scale, long-term, follow-up cohort studies of a healthy population. Upon comparing the least-coffee-consuming groups from each study, the meta-analysis revealed a reduction in the risk of overall stroke during follow-up (hazard ratio [HR] for overall stroke = 0.922, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.855-0.994, P = 0.035). In studies with a clear definition of hemorrhagic and ischemic stroke, coffee consumption reduced the risk of ischemic stroke more robustly than that of hemorrhagic stroke (hemorrhagic, HR = 0.895, 95% CI = 0.824-0.972, P = .008; ischemic, HR = 0.834, 95% CI = 0.739-0.876, P < .001). No obvious dose-dependent or U-shaped effect was observed. CONCLUSIONS: Coffee consumption reduces the risk of overall stroke, especially ischemic stroke. Further investigation is required to identify beneficial components in coffee, including caffeine and phenolic acids, to develop preventive medication for stroke.


Assuntos
Café , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Adulto , Estudos de Coortes , Seguimentos , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia
19.
Front Public Health ; 9: 730201, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34616708

RESUMO

Introduction: In primary coffee factories the coffee beans are cleaned and sorted. Studies from the 80- and 90-ties indicated respiratory health effects among the workers, but these results may not represent the present status. Our aim was to review recent studies on dust exposure and respiratory health among coffee factory workers in Tanzania and Ethiopia, two major coffee producing countries in Africa. Methods: This study merged data from cross-sectional studies from 2010 to 2019 in 4 and 12 factories in Tanzania and Ethiopia, respectively. Personal samples of "total" dust and endotoxin were taken in the breathing zone. Chronic respiratory symptoms were assessed using the American Thoracic Society (ATS) questionnaire. Lung function was measured by a spirometer in accordance with ATS guidelines. Results: Dust exposure among male production workers was higher in Ethiopia (GM 12 mg/m3; range 1.1-81) than in Tanzania (2.5; 0.24-36). Exposure to endotoxins was high (3,500; 42-75,083) compared to the Dutch OEL of 90 EU/m3. The male workers had higher prevalence of respiratory symptoms than controls. The highest symptom prevalence and odds ratio were found for cough (48.4%; OR = 11.3), while for breathlessness and wheezing the odds ratios were 3.2 and 2.4, respectively. There was a significant difference between the male coffee workers and controls in the adjusted FEV1 (0.26 l/s) and FVC (0.21 l) and in the prevalence of airflow limitation (FEV1/FVC < 0.7) (6.3 vs. 0.9%). Among the male coffee workers, there was a significant association between cumulative dust exposure and the lung function variables FEV1 and FVC, respectively. Conclusions: The results suggest that coffee production workers are at risk of developing chronic respiratory symptoms and reduced lung function, and that the findings are related to high dust levels. Measures to reduce dust exposure should be targeted to factors identified as significant determinants of exposure.


Assuntos
Café , Exposição Ocupacional , Café/efeitos adversos , Estudos Transversais , Poeira/análise , Etiópia/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Exposição Ocupacional/efeitos adversos , Tanzânia/epidemiologia
20.
Bioresour Technol ; 341: 125925, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34614558

RESUMO

The present study was focused on vermicomposting of spent coffee grounds (SCG) and its mixtures with straw pellets. The process was evaluated in terms of biological and physico-chemical properties. The greatest number and biomass of earthworms was found in the treatment with 25% vol. SCG + 75% vol. straw pellets. In this treatment, the upper youngest layer exhibited 1.6-fold and 4.5-fold greater earthworm number and biomass, respectively, than the bottom oldest layer. Earthworm weight decreased in direct proportion to the layer age. The oldest treatment layer was characterized by lesser contents of fungi and six hydrolytic enzymes, compared to the younger layers. Further, the oldest treatment layer had suitable agrochemical properties. Earthworms were able to substantially reduce the caffeine stimulant content, which is considered the most representative pharmaceutically active compound.


Assuntos
Café , Compostagem
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...