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1.
Indian J Ophthalmol ; 71(2): 580-584, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36727365

RESUMO

Purpose: To determine the level of awareness and knowledge about glaucoma surgery and post-surgery counseling amongst paramedical staff at a tertiary eye-care hospital. Methods: This observational cross-sectional study included a random sample of 94 hospital personnel: 37 general nurse midwives, 47 ophthalmic assistants, and 10 patient caretakers (PCTs). Participants were administered a questionnaire about glaucoma surgery and post-surgery counseling of patients. Results: The study included 41 (43.6%) females and 53 (56.4%) males. The mean age of the participants was 24.85 ± 4.54 years. All participants were aware of trabeculectomy surgery in glaucoma (100%). A total of 95.7% knew that surgery helps in controlling IOP, of whom 57 (60.6%) participants got information during their course of learning. Overall 53 (56.4%) believed that surgery is done when medication failure occurs, and 58 (61.7%) knew that surgery helps in preserving vision. A total of 63 (67.0%) participants knew to counsel patients to visit an ophthalmologist when called for and take the treatment as advised, whereas 74 (78.7%) correctly said to visit an ophthalmologist immediately if pain/diminution of vision/discharge occurs. Overall, PCTs were found to be having significantly better knowledge (P = 0.01) compared to others and they also reported ophthalmologists as the chief source of information. Conclusion: This study revealed that paramedical staff had an excellent awareness of trabeculectomy surgery. However, the knowledge and counseling parts of the questionnaire revealed less than satisfactory responses. So, there is a need to continuously educate paramedical staff members so that they can help in propagating information about the role of glaucoma surgery and the importance of proper follow-up.


Assuntos
Glaucoma , Trabeculectomia , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Glaucoma/cirurgia , Olho , Inquéritos e Questionários , Índia/epidemiologia , Aconselhamento
3.
Am J Public Health ; 113(2): 202-212, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36652652

RESUMO

Objectives. To longitudinally examine the legal landscape of laws requiring abortion patients be informed about the possibility of medication abortion (MAB) "reversal" (in quotes as it does not refer to an evidence-based medical procedure). Methods. We collected legal data on enacted state MAB-reversal laws across all 50 US states and Washington, DC, (collectively, states) from 2012 through 2021. We descriptively analyzed these laws to identify legal variation over time and geography, and conducted a content analysis to identify qualitative themes and patterns in MAB-reversal laws. Results. As of 2021, 14 states (27%)-mostly in the midwestern and southern United States-have enacted MAB-reversal laws. States largely use explicit language to describe reversal, require patients receive information during preabortion counseling, require physicians or physicians' agents to inform patients, instruct patients to contact a health care provider or visit "abortion pill reversal" resources for more information, and require reversal information be posted on state-managed Web sites. Conclusions. Reversal laws continue a dangerous precedent of using unsound science to justify laws regulating abortion access, intrude upon the patient‒provider relationship, and may negatively affect the emotional and physical health of patients seeking an MAB. (Am J Public Health. 2023;113(2):202-212. https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2022.307140).


Assuntos
Aborto Induzido , Aborto Legal , Gravidez , Feminino , Estados Unidos , Humanos , Aconselhamento , Pessoal de Saúde , Políticas
4.
Pediatr Blood Cancer ; 70(3): e30198, 2023 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36602023

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), the most common childhood malignancy, has a relatively favorable long-term prognosis. Yet the complexity of treatment and the emotionality of the diagnosis leave families feeling unprepared for many aspects of therapy. This qualitative study aimed to identify desired elements and format of a communication resource to support patients and families facing a diagnosis of ALL. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews of 12 parents of children receiving ALL treatment, 10 parents of survivors of ALL, and eight adolescent and young adult (AYA) survivors of ALL were conducted between February and June 2021. The interviews focused on communication experiences throughout treatment and identified domains to be addressed in a resource in development. RESULTS: All participants supported the development of an interactive, electronic health (eHealth) resource to help navigate ALL treatment. They felt a website would be helpful in addressing information gaps and mitigating pervasive feelings of overwhelm. Participants specifically sought: (a) information resources to address feelings of cognitive overload; (b) practical tips to help navigate logistical challenges; (c) clear depictions of treatment choices and trajectories to facilitate decision-making; and (d) additional psychosocial resources and support. Two overarching themes that families felt should be interwoven throughout the eHealth resource were connections with other patients/families and extra support at transitions between phases of treatment. CONCLUSIONS: A new diagnosis of ALL and its treatment are extremely overwhelming. Patients and families unanimously supported an eHealth resource to provide additional information and connect them with emotional support, starting at diagnosis and extending throughout treatment.


Assuntos
Neoplasias , Pais , Criança , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Humanos , Pais/psicologia , Comunicação , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Neoplasias/terapia , Neoplasias/psicologia , Aconselhamento
5.
BMJ Open ; 13(1): e068738, 2023 01 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36697044

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Addressing communication skills in pharmacy curricula is one of the effective tactics to equip future pharmacists with better skillsets for medication counselling. To achieve this, blended teaching of PowerPoint slides and videos holds great potential for undergraduate pharmacy education majors by integrating multimedia and performance feedback into instruction. This study will develop a blended teaching programme featuring didactic lectures with video-based materials to improve students' self-efficacy and skills in medication counselling. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This study applies critical principles and effects outlined in multimedia learning by Richard Mayer et al to develop teaching materials and perform skill evaluation for two undergraduate cohorts (class of 2025 and 2026) enrolled in Introduction to Community Pharmacy separately in 2022 and 2023. Students will receive different teaching approaches to medication counselling. In the control cohort (ie, class of 2025), students will receive a 4-week PowerPoint slides-based instruction in communication skills. We will develop six videos illustrating common scenarios of over-the-counter (OTC) medication counselling in community pharmacies. In the intervention cohort (ie, class of 2026), students will receive a 3-week PowerPoint slides-based instruction and a week-long video-based instruction in communication skills. A pre-and-post survey will be administered to evaluate students' self-efficacy in OTC counselling. In addition, each student will be evaluated through one-on-one role-playing with standardised patients in the final to demonstrate their skills in OTC counselling. A structured checklist will be used to assess students' counselling skills. T-tests will be applied to examine differences in self-efficacy of OTC counselling. Multivariate regression analyses will determine which teaching approach better facilitates the development of self-efficacy and performance in OTC counselling. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: The Research Ethics Committee of the National Taiwan University Hospital approved this study. The findings will be shared with pharmacy educators and contribute to existing instructional methods to facilitate the competence of pharmacy students in OTC counselling.


Assuntos
Multimídia , Estudantes de Farmácia , Humanos , Autoeficácia , Faculdades de Farmácia , Estudos Prospectivos , Taiwan , Estudantes , Aconselhamento , Ensino
6.
Inquiry ; 60: 469580221150094, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36705022

RESUMO

HPV is the most prevalent sexually transmitted diseases causing a variety of clinical manifestations ranging from warts to cancer. This study aimed to examine the challenges and needs of HPV-positive women. In this qualitative study, we analyzed data extracted from semi-structured face-to-face interviews with 31 Iranian HPV-positive women using a conventional content analysis approach using MAXQDA.10 software. Data were collected from her at the women's clinic from 21 January 2022 to her 19 February 2022. The sampling process was purposeful, and the accuracy of this study was ensured according to her 4 criteria suggested by Guba and Lincoln. Four themes were identified from the interviewing of HPV-positive women that include: Needing support and counseling to adapt to the disease, needing counseling and training to improve the disease, needing a qualified health care provider, needing proper health care services. HPV-positive women had many adverse such as reproductive health challenges (Menstruation cycle, delivery type, fertility, pregnancy, and breastfeeding), low control, confusion, cancer-related concerns, relationship problems, sexual concerns, uncertainty, stigma, low trust, social impact, non-disclosure of results, idiosyncratic prevention, indirect clinical interaction, changes in sexual behavior. HPV-positive women face many challenges and seek information to address them. Therefore, at the primary level, providers need to be aware of the needs of these patients needs in order to make the necessary consultations.


Assuntos
Neoplasias , Infecções por Papillomavirus , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Aconselhamento , Irã (Geográfico) , Infecções por Papillomavirus/psicologia , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Saúde Reprodutiva
7.
J Prim Care Community Health ; 14: 21501319231151766, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36718804

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Polygenic risk testing examines variation across multiple genes to estimate a risk score for a particular disease, including risk scores for many common, chronic health conditions. Although polygenic risk information (PRI) may be a promising tool for enhancing preventive counseling and facilitating early identification of disease, its potential impact on primary-care encounters and disease prevention efforts has not been well characterized. METHODS: We conducted in-depth, semi-structured interviews of patients to assess their understandings of PRI and their beliefs about its relevance to disease prevention. RESULTS: We completed interviews with 19 participants. Participants described enthusiasm for the generation of PRI and recognized its utility for disease prevention. Participants also described the value of PRI as limited if not corroborated by non-genetic risk factors. Finally, participants noted that PRI, by itself, would be insufficient as a trigger for initiating many preventive interventions. CONCLUSION: PRI has the potential to become an important tool in primary care. However, patient views about PRI as well as the complexities of disease prevention in the primary care context may limit the impact of PRI on disease prevention.


Assuntos
Aconselhamento , Atenção à Saúde , Humanos , Fatores de Risco , Medição de Risco , Doença Crônica , Atenção Primária à Saúde
8.
BMC Public Health ; 23(1): 51, 2023 01 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36611154

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Undernutrition in under-five children remains a worldwide health issue and is considered one of the leading causes of increased morbidity and mortality. This study aims to assess the impact of home-based nutritional intervention on the nutritional status of preschool children living in rural areas of South India. METHODS: A single-blinded cluster randomized controlled trial evaluated the impact of the intervention, with weight gain as the primary outcome. A cluster of 12 villages was randomized to intervention or control arms. A total of 253 underweight preschool children from 12 clusters (villages) were randomized to intervention (n = 127) and control arm (n = 126). The intervention was composed of a health-teaching program and a demonstration of nutritious food preparation in addition to the regular services provided at the Anganwadi centers. The control arm received only standard routine care provided in the Anganwadi centre. The anthropometric assessment was carried out at the baseline and every month for a year. RESULT: A significant increase in the mean weight kilograms was noted in the intervention group (11.9 ± 0.98 to 13.78 ± 0.89) compared to the control group (11.8 ± 1.03 to 12.96 ± 0.88). In the intervention group, at the baseline, 41.5% were moderately malnourished (> - 2SD-3SD), which decreased to 24% at the end of the year. Similarly, severe malnutrition decreased from 8.69 to 3.16%, while 20.5% of malnourished children achieved normal nutritional status. In the control group, undernourished children demonstrated minimal changes in nutritional status. Analysis of repeated measures of ANOVA results between the intervention and control groups on weight measurements (F (1, 251) = 15.42, p .001) and height measurements (F (2, 1258) = 1.540, p .001) revealed statistical significance. CONCLUSION: The nutritional status of preschool children is found to be improved by home-based intervention, which includes training mothers or caregivers in planning and preparing healthy nutritious diets, providing timely care, and gaining an understanding and knowledge of the nutritional status along with regular home-based diet preparation. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ctri@gov.in CTRI/2017/03/008273 [Registered on: 31/03/2017].


Assuntos
Transtornos da Nutrição Infantil , Desnutrição , Feminino , Humanos , Pré-Escolar , Lactente , Estado Nutricional , Aconselhamento , Dieta , Mães , Transtornos da Nutrição Infantil/prevenção & controle
10.
BMC Med Educ ; 23(1): 34, 2023 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36650532

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the influence of group counselling on the career planning and career maturity of male nursing students. METHOD: Sixty male nursing students were randomly selected from a specific-level first-class hospital in Hunan Province from July to August 2020 by using the convenience sampling method and were subsequently divided into the control group and the experimental group using the random number table method. The control group received routine pre-job training, including aspects concerning the hospital profile, nurse etiquette, nursing core systems, professional ethics, nursing emergency treatment and career prospects and planning. In the experimental group, career planning group counselling was added after the regular pre-service training (once a week) with each session lasting 2 h for a total of six training sessions. At six weeks and three months after the intervention, the career status evaluation scale and the college students' career maturity scale were used to compare the career planning and career maturity status of the two groups of male nursing students. RESULTS: After six weeks and three months of intervention, all the dimensions and total scores of both the career status evaluation scale and the career maturity scale in the experimental group were superior to those in the control group with statistically significant differences (all P < 0.05). The repeated measures of variance analysis indicated that the differences in the total score for career planning and the four dimensions in terms of intergroup effect, time effect and interaction effect between the two groups were statistically significant (P < 0.05). The intergroup effect, time effect and interaction effect of the total score for vocational maturity, career goal, career confidence, career value, career freedom and career reference of the two groups were statistically significant (P < 0.05), while the time effect of the relative dependency dimension was also statistically significant (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Group counselling can significantly improve the career planning and career maturity status of male nursing students and has a certain long-term effect.


Assuntos
Bacharelado em Enfermagem , Estudantes de Enfermagem , Humanos , Masculino , Estudantes de Enfermagem/psicologia , Escolha da Profissão , Aconselhamento
11.
Int J Community Based Nurs Midwifery ; 11(1): 34-43, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36650846

RESUMO

Background: Active aging has been the paradigm of the old-age lifestyle. Integrated aging care interventions in health centers primarily focus on diseases such as diabetes, hypertension, depression, and cardiovascular diseases, and there is no program or training regarding active aging. This study was carried out from September to December 2021 to determine the effectiveness of an intervention program to promote active aging in the elderly referred to Mashhad health centers. Methods: This randomized controlled clinical trial was conducted on 60 elderly individuals without disabling diseases and cognitive impairment who presented to the Daneshamooz health center in Mashhad in 2021. Through a simple block allocation scheme, those who met the inclusion criteria were randomly divided into the intervention and control groups. The intervention group received the health promotion program during 6 sessions (one session per week) about nutrition, physical activity, responsibility, stress management, communications, and spiritual aspects. The data were gathered using the active aging questionnaire and analyzed using the SPSS software version 25; independent and paired t-test, Wilcoxon, and Mann-Whitney U tests were utilized. P value< 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: The results of this study demonstrated that after the intervention, the total active aging score in the intervention group increased significantly (68.5±3 to 85±8.25) (P<0.001) and there was a significant difference between the control and intervention groups (68±3.25 to 85±8.25) (P<0.001). Conclusion: According to the results, training based on a health-enhancement approach can effectively promote active aging in the elderly. Therefore, more attention should be paid to strategic planning for active aging in health centers.Trial Registration Number: IRCT20210308050639N.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento , Disfunção Cognitiva , Humanos , Idoso , Envelhecimento/psicologia , Promoção da Saúde , Exercício Físico , Aconselhamento , Disfunção Cognitiva/prevenção & controle
12.
No Shinkei Geka ; 51(1): 156-165, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36682761

RESUMO

Apart from epilepsy specialists, neurosurgeons should also play an important role for epilepsy treatment in the Japanese healthcare structure. This review focuses on lifestyle guidance and counselling methods for general neurosurgeons to reduce risks of seizures in epilepsy patients, and to maximize patient independence. Reduction of seizure precipitants such as sleep deprivation, emotional stress, fatigue, and alcohol is key to epilepsy practice with appropriate anti-seizure medication. The modular service package epilepsy(MOSES)program may prove useful for patients by increasing awareness of their own seizure precipitants and empower them to manage their individual risks. This article also addresses the topics of practical guidance for counselling in(1)school life;(2)sports and physical activities;(3)pregnancy; and(4)eating habits. Multidimensional collaborations should be recommended to reduce the burden of hectic neurosurgeons.


Assuntos
Epilepsia , Estresse Psicológico , Humanos , Epilepsia/terapia , Estilo de Vida , Aconselhamento , Privação do Sono
13.
Int Breastfeed J ; 18(1): 6, 2023 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36658581

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite strong evidence about the benefits of exclusive breastfeeding, that is the baby receiving only breast milk, no other foods or liquids, rates have remained relatively unchanged over the past two decades in low- and middle-income countries. One strategy for increasing exclusive breastfeeding is through community-based programs that use peer counselors for education and support. The use of mobile health applications is also gaining increasing applicability in these countries. Minimal information is available about training peer counselors in the use of mobile technologies to support exclusive breastfeeding. The present article describes our curriculum in the state of Karnataka, India for supporting new mothers to exclusively breastfeed using a mobile health application in rural India. METHODS: Twenty-five women from the community surrounding the city of Belgavi, Karnataka, India were trained to be peer counselors and to use a mobile health application to conduct a structured curriculum to support new mothers in exclusive breastfeeding. The three-day interactive training, conducted in March 2018, was based on the WHO breastfeeding course, translated, and adapted to the local culture The curriculum, which included information collected during a formative research process, consisted of eight visits, two during the antenatal period and continuing for six months postpartum. Twelve nursing and obstetric experts validated curriculum content. Pre-post-evaluation of the training focused on breastfeeding knowledge, self-efficacy, skills, and app usability. RESULTS: We observed a significant increase in the mean scores for knowledge (P < 0.0001) and skills (P = 0.0006) from pre- to post-training. Age of the peer counselors and their own breastfeeding experience correlated significantly with the acquisition of knowledge and skills. The mobile health app showed high usability scores. CONCLUSIONS: The culturally adapted curriculum presented here, combined with an mHealth app, can be an important educational strategy for training rural women in the acquisition of exclusive breastfeeding knowledge and skills.


Assuntos
Aleitamento Materno , Aconselhamento , Telemedicina , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Gravidez , Aleitamento Materno/psicologia , Currículo , Índia , Leite Humano , Grupo Associado
14.
PLoS One ; 18(1): e0280358, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36662744

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) prevalence is high in Ghana-but awareness, prevention, and treatment is sparse, particularly in rural regions. The nurse-led Community-based Health Planning and Services program offers general preventive and primary care in these areas, but overlooks CVD and its risk factors. METHODS: We conducted in-depth interviews with 30 community members (CM) in rural Navrongo, Ghana to understand their knowledge and beliefs regarding the causes and treatment of CVD and the potential role of community nurses in rendering CVD care. We transcribed audio records, coded these data for content, and qualitatively analyzed these codes for key themes. RESULTS: CMs described CVD as an acute, aggressive disease rather than a chronic asymptomatic condition, believing that CVD patients often die suddenly. Yet CMs identified causal risk factors for CVD: not only tobacco smoking and poor diet, but also emotional burdens and stressors, which cause and exacerbate CVD symptoms. Many CMs expressed interest in counseling on these risk factors, particularly diet. However, they felt that nurses could provide comprehensive CVD care only if key barriers (such as medication access and training) are addressed. In the interim, many saw nurses' main CVD care role as referring to the hospital. CONCLUSIONS: CMs would like CVD behavioral education from community nurses at local clinics, but feel the local health system is now too fragile to offer other CVD interventions. CMs believe that a more comprehensive CVD care model would require accessible medication, along with training for nurses to screen for hypertension and other cardiovascular risk factors-in addition to counseling on CVD prevention. Such counseling should build upon existing community beliefs and concerns regarding CVD-including its behavioral and mental health causes-in addition to usual measures to prevent CVD mortality such as diet changes and physical exercise.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Hipertensão , Humanos , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/prevenção & controle , Gana/epidemiologia , Aconselhamento , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde
15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36673973

RESUMO

The quality of healthcare services depends on the interactions between administrators, customers, and healthcare providers. This study seeks to examine how National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS)-Health Maintenance Organization (HMO) enrolees perceive the attitudes of medical personnel while receiving outpatient care in Lagos hospitals. Mixed methods were used, i.e., distributing questionnaires and in-depth interviews with participants. Quantitative data were analysed using Statistical Product and Service Solutions (SPSS) version 20, and approaches that involved frequency statistics, factor analysis, contingency chi-square and correlation analysis were applied. The results indicate that the variables "humane" and "empathetic" have a direct impact on enrolees' perception and an indirect impact on motivation to adhere to medical advice among enrolees. This research has practical implications, especially in light of new initiatives of NHIS collaboration with HMO to deliver quality healthcare services to enrolees.


Assuntos
Atitude , Sistemas Pré-Pagos de Saúde , Humanos , Nigéria , Pessoal de Saúde , Hospitais , Aconselhamento , Assistência Ambulatorial , Programas Nacionais de Saúde , Percepção
16.
Clin Nutr ; 42(2): 227-234, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36680918

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: This systematic review aims to determine whether nutritional counseling by registered dietitians and/or nutritional specialists is recommended for adult patients with incurable advanced or recurrent cancer who are refractory to or intolerant of anticancer therapy. METHODS: This systematic review analyzed randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of nutritional counseling in cancer patients older than 18 years, primarily those with stage 4 cancer. Nutrition counseling was performed by registered dietitians and/or nutritional specialists using any method, including group sessions, telephone consultations, written materials, and web-based approaches. We searched the Medline (PubMed), Medline (OVID), EMBASE (OVID), CENTRAL, Emcare, and Web of Science Core Collection databases for articles published from 1981 to 2020. Two independent authors assessed the risk of bias used the Cochrane Risk of Bias 2 tool. Meta-analysis was performed for results and outcomes that allowed quantitative integration. This systematic review protocol was registered with the International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews (ID: CRD42021288476) and registered in 2021. RESULTS: The search yielded 2376 studies, of which 7 assessed 924 patients with cancer aged 24-95 years. Our primary outcome of quality of life (QoL) was reported in 6 studies, 2 of which showed improvement with nutritional counseling. Our other primary outcome of physical symptoms was reported in two studies, one of which showed improvement with nutritional counseling. Quantitative integration of both QoL and physical symptoms was difficult. A meta-analysis of energy and protein intake and body weight was performed for secondary outcomes. Results showed that nutrition counseling increased energy and protein intake, but total certainty of evidence (CE) was low. Bodyweight was not improved by nutrition counseling. CONCLUSIONS: Nutrition counseling is shown to improve energy and protein intake in patients with incurable cancer. Although neither nutrient intake can be strongly recommended because of low CE, nutrition counseling is a noninvasive treatment strategy that should be introduced early for nutrition intervention for patients with cancer. This review did not find sufficient evidence for the effect of nutrition counseling on QoL, a patient-reported outcome. Overall, low-quality and limited evidence was identified regarding the impact of nutrition counseling for patients with cancer, and further research is needed.


Assuntos
Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Terapia Nutricional , Adulto , Humanos , Terapia Nutricional/métodos , Peso Corporal , Aconselhamento , Educação em Saúde
18.
JMIR Mhealth Uhealth ; 11: e38986, 2023 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36633890

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tinnitus retraining therapy (TRT) is a standard treatment for tinnitus that consists of directive counseling and sound therapy. However, it is based on face-to-face education and a time-consuming protocol. Smart device-based TRT (smart-TRT) seems to have many advantages, but the efficacy of this new treatment has been questioned. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy between smart-TRT and conventional TRT (conv-TRT). METHODS: We recruited 84 patients with tinnitus. Results were compared between 42 patients who received smart-TRT and 42 control participants who received conv-TRT. An interactive smart pad application was used for directive counseling in the smart-TRT group. The smart pad application included detailed education on ear anatomy, the neurophysiological model of tinnitus, concept of habituation, and sound therapy. The smart-TRT was bidirectional: There were 17 multiple choice questions between each lesson as an interim check. The conv-TRT group underwent traditional person-to-person counseling. The primary outcome measure was the Tinnitus Handicap Inventory (THI), and the secondary outcome measure was assessed using a visual analogue scale (VAS). RESULTS: Both treatments had a significant treatment effect, which comparably improved during the first 2 months. The best improvements in THI were -23.3 (95% CI -33.1 to -13.4) points at 3 months and -16.8 (95% CI -30.8 to -2.8) points at 2 months in the smart-TRT group and conv-TRT group, respectively. The improvements on the VAS were also comparable: smart-TRT group: -1.2 to -3.3; conv-TRT: -0.7 to -1.7. CONCLUSIONS: TRT based on smart devices can be an effective alternative for tinnitus patients. Considering the amount of time needed for person-to-person counseling, smart-TRT can be a cost-effective solution with similar treatment outcomes as conv-TRT.


Assuntos
Aconselhamento , Zumbido , Humanos , Estimulação Acústica/métodos , Aconselhamento/métodos , Estudos Prospectivos , Zumbido/terapia , Resultado do Tratamento , Smartphone , Computadores de Mão
19.
Nursing ; 53(2): 50-55, 2023 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36700816

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: The 21st Century Cures Act to address the opioid crisis spurred the expansion of the peer support specialist (PSS) workforce. Nurses are in key positions to promote the successful integration of the PSS into the healthcare team. This article describes the role of the PSS, including key functions that overlap with those of nurses and ways they can help mitigate stigma, which remains a significant barrier to patients' access to treatment.


Assuntos
Aconselhamento , Grupo Associado , Humanos , Especialização , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente
20.
Patient Educ Couns ; 108: 107616, 2023 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36603472

RESUMO

Embryo donation (ED) involves the donation of surplus embryos post family formation to others in need. Commensurate with Australian and New Zealand legislation and policy, ED is practiced as an identity-release programme shaped by four paramount principles. These include: the need to consider the longitudinal health and well-being of donor-conceived children born from assisted reproductive technologies (ART); recognition that offspring should be made aware of and be able to access information about their genetic origins; awareness that the short and long-term health and psychological welfare of other stakeholders (i.e., recipients and donors) should be ensured; and finally, that all donations are altruistic. Whilst embedded in ART legislation or professional guidelines, how these principles are operationalized through counselling in both countries remains variable. In this paper, we draw upon Australian and New Zealand research, legislation and policy shaping the counselling milieu. We highlight some of the key clinical issues that counsellors need to explore with participants of an ED arrangement and the implications of these as they apply to dilemmas within counselling practice such as counsellor roles and responsibilities.


Assuntos
Destinação do Embrião , Doadores de Tecidos , Criança , Humanos , Destinação do Embrião/psicologia , Austrália , Doadores de Tecidos/psicologia , Técnicas de Reprodução Assistida/psicologia , Aconselhamento , Doação de Oócitos
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