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1.
Clin Rehabil ; 37(1): 72-85, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36004384

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Elbow flexion contractures are common complications of neonatal brachial plexus palsy, but evidence on how to treat these contractures is weak. This study compared the treatment of elbow flexion contractures using a dynamic orthosis or serial circular casting. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was conducted with one-year follow-up. Children with an elbow flexion contracture of ≥30° were treated with either a night-worn dynamic orthosis for one year or serial casting for four weeks followed by night splinting. For pragmatic reasons, some participants were included in an open part of this study, this group was also analyzed separately. Degree of contracture and goal attainment scaling was evaluated at baseline and after 8, 20 and 54 weeks. RESULTS: 55 patients were analyzed in this trial, 32 of whom were randomized to treatment. At one-year follow-up of the randomized group, both dynamic splinting (median -8.5°, interquartile range [IQR] -13.5, -5) and serial casting (median -11.0°, IQR -16, -5) resulted in significant reduction of contracture (P < 0.001). The reduction was significantly greater with serial casting in the first 20 weeks, but not at one-year follow-up (P = 0.683). In the entire cohort, the individual functional goals had been reached in 24 out of 32 cases (80%) of dynamic splinting and 18 out of 23 cases (82%) of serial casting, respectively. CONCLUSION: The dynamic night orthosis is comparable to serial casting for treating elbow flexion contractures in children with brachial plexus birth injury. We recommend selecting one of these treatment modalities in close consultation with parents and patients.


Assuntos
Contratura , Paralisia do Plexo Braquial Neonatal , Criança , Recém-Nascido , Humanos , Cotovelo , Resultado do Tratamento , Aparelhos Ortopédicos , Amplitude de Movimento Articular
2.
Skeletal Radiol ; 52(1): 31-37, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35864196

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) supports the medial elbow against valgus torque and is commonly injured in baseball pitchers. Changes in UCL morphology and pathology occur with long-term pitching, with more severe findings at higher competition levels. We examined the bilateral differences and the relationship between UCL morphology, pathology, and ulnohumeral joint laxity in asymptomatic collegiate pitchers using ultrasound. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Division I college pitchers (n = 41) underwent ultrasound scans of their bilateral medial elbows, both at rest and in a valgus-stressed position. The presence of enthesopathy, calcifications, and degeneration was assessed qualitatively. UCL thickness and ulnohumeral joint gap were measured with online calipers. The bilateral differences were analyzed using paired t-tests and chi-square analysis, and the relationships between thickness, gapping, and degenerative changes were analyzed using regression analyses. RESULTS: The throwing arm demonstrated greater distal UCL thickness (mean difference (MD) = 0.2 mm (95%CI = 0.1-0.3), p < 0.01), resting and stressed gap (MD = 0.3 mm (95%CI = 0.0-0.7), p = 0.04; MD = 0.4 (95%CI = 0.0-0.9), p = 0.02), and greater prevalence of degeneration and enthesopathy (p = 0.03) compared bilaterally. Enthesopathy and calcifications predicted increased distal UCL thickness (p = 0.04; p = 0.02). Degenerative scores predicted increased stressed-resting ulnohumeral joint gap (p < 0.01). CONCLUSION: In the throwing arms of collegiate pitchers, ultrasound demonstrated UCL thickening, enthesopathy/intra-ligamentous calcification, and greater laxity of the ulnohumeral joint relative to the non-throwing arm. Degeneration of the UCL, not thickness, was related to greater elbow joint gapping. This study demonstrates the utility of ultrasound for examining sonographic characteristics of the UCL in a sample of college pitchers.


Assuntos
Beisebol , Calcinose , Ligamento Colateral Ulnar , Ligamentos Colaterais , Articulação do Cotovelo , Entesopatia , Humanos , Ligamento Colateral Ulnar/diagnóstico por imagem , Cotovelo , Braço , Articulação do Cotovelo/diagnóstico por imagem , Ligamentos Colaterais/diagnóstico por imagem
3.
Ultrasound Med Biol ; 49(1): 398-409, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36266142

RESUMO

Shear wave elastography is an emerging diagnostic tool used to assess for changes in the stiffness of muscle. Each region of the muscle may have a different stiffness; therefore, the anatomical region should be carefully selected. Machine vendors each have unique methods for calculating the returned stiffness values and, consequently, a high level of agreement in measurement between machines (quantified using the intraclass correlation coefficient [ICC] and Bland-Altman analysis) will allow research findings to be translated to the clinic. This study assessed three locations within the biceps muscle (50% and 75% of the distance between the acromioclavicular joint and antecubital fossa, and superior to distal myotendinous junction [MTJ]) of 32 healthy volunteers with two different machines, the Canon Aplio i600 and SuperSonic Imagine Aixplorer (SSI), to compare the reported shear wave velocities and the variability by coefficient of variation (CV) and ICC. There was no difference in the CV between machines, but a significant difference in the CV at muscle regions, with the 75% location having a 40.2% reduction in CV. The 75% location had the highest ICC values with good posterior mean ICCs of 0.84 on the Canon and 0.83 on the SSI. The 50% and MTJ locations had poor ICC values. The 75% location provided the lowest CV and highest ICC and should be used for future stiffness assessments.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Imagem por Elasticidade , Humanos , Técnicas de Imagem por Elasticidade/métodos , Ultrassonografia/métodos , Braço/diagnóstico por imagem , Músculo Esquelético/diagnóstico por imagem , Cotovelo , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
4.
J Mech Behav Biomed Mater ; 137: 105543, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36371993

RESUMO

Mechanical characterization of individual muscles in their in vivo environment is not well studied. Shear wave elastography (SWE) as a non-invasive technique was shown to be promising in quantifying the local mechanical properties of skeletal muscles. This study aimed to investigate the mechanics of the biceps brachii muscle (BB) derived from SWE in relation to elbow joint position and contraction intensity during isometric contraction. 14 healthy, young subjects participated in the study and five different joint positions (60°-180° elbow angle) were investigated. Shear elastic modulus and surface electromyography (sEMG) of the BB and elbow torque were measured simultaneously, both in passive (i.e., resting) and active states during slow, sub-maximal isometric ramp contractions up to 25%, 50%, and 75% of the maximum voluntary contraction. At passive state, the shear elastic modulus of the BB increased with increasing elbow angle (p < 0.001). Maximum elbow flexion torque was produced at 60° and it decreased with increasing elbow angle (p = 0.001). During sub-maximal contractions, both elbow angle (p < 0.001) and contraction intensity (p < 0.001) had significant effects on the shear elastic modulus but only contraction intensity (p < 0.001) affected sEMG amplitude of the BB. Although torque was decreased at extended elbow positions (150°, 180°), higher active shear elastic modulus of BB muscle was found compared to flexed positions (60°, 90°). Linear regression of the BB sEMG amplitude over elbow torque showed good agreement for all joint positions (R2 between 0.69 and 0.89) while the linear agreement between shear elastic modulus of BB and elbow torque differed between flexed (R2 = 0.70 at 60° and R2 = 0.79 at 90°) and extended positions (with the lowest R2 = 0.57 at 150°). We conclude that using SWE, we can detect length-dependent mechanical changes of BB both in passive and active states. More importantly, SWE can be used to characterize active muscle properties in vivo. The present findings have critical importance for developing muscle stiffness as a measure of individual muscle force to validate muscle models and using SWE in clinical diagnostics.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Imagem por Elasticidade , Humanos , Técnicas de Imagem por Elasticidade/métodos , Músculo Esquelético/diagnóstico por imagem , Músculo Esquelético/fisiologia , Contração Isométrica/fisiologia , Cotovelo/fisiologia , Eletromiografia , Contração Muscular/fisiologia
5.
JBJS Case Connect ; 12(1)2022 02 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35108225

RESUMO

CASE: A 61-year-old woman presented with a failed proximal ulna allograft-prosthetic composite after revision total elbow arthroplasty (TEA). The ulnar deficiency was addressed using an osteomuscular flap from the distal radius pedicled on the radial artery. At final follow-up, she had minimal pain and a flexion-extension arc of 0° to 130°. Radiographs demonstrated graft incorporation and a stable TEA construct. CONCLUSION: This demonstrates utilization of a vascularized osteomuscular flap from the radius for treatment of proximal ulnar deficiency in the setting of revision TEA. This technique offers an alternative option for the challenge of a failed TEA with ulnar bone loss.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Substituição do Cotovelo , Rádio (Anatomia) , Artroplastia de Substituição do Cotovelo/métodos , Cotovelo/cirurgia , Feminino , Antebraço/cirurgia , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Artéria Radial/cirurgia , Rádio (Anatomia)/cirurgia , Reoperação/métodos , Ulna/cirurgia
6.
J Orthop Sports Phys Ther ; 52(12): CPG1-CPG111, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36453071

RESUMO

Although often described as a self-limiting condition and likely to resolve on its own, high recurrence rates and extended sick leave frame a need for effective non-surgical treatment for people with lateral elbow tendinopathy. The interrelationship of histological and structural changes to the tendon, the associated impairments in motor control, and potential changes in pain processing may all drive symptoms. This clinical practice guideline covers the epidemiology, functional anatomy and pathophysiology, risk factors, clinical course, prognosis, differential diagnosis, tests and measures, and interventions for managing lateral elbow tendinopathy in the physical therapy clinic. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 2022;52(12):CPG1-CPG111. doi:10.2519/jospt.2022.0302.


Assuntos
Tendinopatia do Cotovelo , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas , Tendinopatia , Humanos , Cotovelo , Artralgia , Dor , Músculos
7.
J Neuroeng Rehabil ; 19(1): 124, 2022 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36369025

RESUMO

Soft exosuits offer promise to support users in everyday workload tasks by providing assistance. However, acceptance of such systems remains low due to the difficulty of control compared with rigid mechatronic systems. Recently, there has been progress in developing control schemes for soft exosuits that move in line with user intentions. While initial results have demonstrated sufficient device performance, the assessment of user experience via the cognitive response has yet to be evaluated. To address this, we propose a soft pneumatic elbow exosuit designed based on our previous work to provide assistance in line with user expectations utilizing two existing state-of-the-art control methods consisting of a gravity compensation and myoprocessor based on muscle activation. A user experience study was conducted to assess whether the device moves naturally with user expectations and the potential for device acceptance by determining when the exosuit violated user expectations through the neuro-cognitive and motor response. Brain activity from electroencephalography (EEG) data revealed that subjects elicited error-related potentials (ErrPs) in response to unexpected exosuit actions, which were decodable across both control schemes with an average accuracy of 76.63 ± 1.73% across subjects. Additionally, unexpected exosuit actions were further decoded via the motor response from electromyography (EMG) and kinematic data with a grand average accuracy of 68.73 ± 6.83% and 77.52 ± 3.79% respectively. This work demonstrates the validation of existing state-of-the-art control schemes for soft wearable exosuits through the proposed soft pneumatic elbow exosuit. We demonstrate the feasibility of assessing device performance with respect to the cognitive response through decoding when the device violates user expectations in order to help understand and promote device acceptance.


Assuntos
Exoesqueleto Energizado , Robótica , Humanos , Cotovelo , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Cognição
8.
JBJS Rev ; 10(10)2022 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36326720

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A radiographic fat pad sign after an elbow injury in children may indicate an occult fracture. Different incidences and locations of occult fractures have been reported. The primary objective of this meta-analysis was to assess the overall rate of occult fractures in children with a positive fat pad sign from the data of original studies. Secondary objectives were to assess the fracture types and to identify risk factors for sustaining an occult fracture. METHODS: A systematic literature search of the Embase, MEDLINE, and Cochrane databases was performed according to PRISMA guidelines. Studies on pediatric populations with a positive fat pad sign identified using a lateral elbow radiograph and with follow-up imaging were included in this meta-analysis. Included studies were assessed for risk of bias with use of the MINORS (Methodological Index for NOn-Randomized Studies) instrument. RESULTS: Ten studies with a total of 250 patients, of whom 104 had an occult fracture, were included. Accounting for heterogeneity between the studies, the overall occult fracture rate was 44.6% (95% confidence interval: 30.4% to 59.7%). The most common fracture locations were the supracondylar humerus (43%), proximal ulna (19%), proximal radius (17%), and lateral humeral condyle (14%). Definitions of a positive pad fad sign were not uniform among studies, and the follow-up imaging modality also varied (radiography, magnetic resonance imaging, or computed tomography). The average MINORS score was 10.1 for the 7 noncomparative studies and 18.7 for the 3 comparative studies, with both averages classified as moderate quality. We were not able to identify risk factors for an occult fracture in the presence of a positive fat pad sign. CONCLUSIONS: The occult fracture rate was 44.6% in pediatric elbow injuries with a positive fat pad sign. Supracondylar humeral fractures were the most frequently encountered type. The findings of this meta-analysis underline the potential clinical relevance of a positive fat pad sign in children and denote the opportunity for future studies to create evidence-based guidelines. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level II. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.


Assuntos
Articulação do Cotovelo , Fraturas Fechadas , Fraturas do Úmero , Humanos , Criança , Fraturas Fechadas/diagnóstico , Fraturas Fechadas/patologia , Cotovelo/diagnóstico por imagem , Cotovelo/lesões , Articulação do Cotovelo/diagnóstico por imagem , Articulação do Cotovelo/lesões , Fraturas do Úmero/diagnóstico por imagem , Tecido Adiposo
9.
PLoS One ; 17(11): e0277917, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36399487

RESUMO

After a major upper limb amputation, the use of myoelectric prosthesis as assistive devices is possible. However, these prostheses remain quite difficult to control for grasping and manipulation of daily life objects. The aim of the present observational case study is to document the kinematics of grasping in a group of 10 below-elbow amputated patients fitted with a myoelectric prosthesis in order to describe and better understand their compensatory strategies. They performed a grasping to lift task toward 3 objects (a mug, a cylinder and a cone) placed at two distances within the reaching area in front of the patients. The kinematics of the trunk and upper-limb on the non-amputated and prosthetic sides were recorded with 3 electromagnetic Polhemus sensors placed on the hand, the forearm (or the corresponding site on the prosthesis) and the ipsilateral acromion. The 3D position of the elbow joint and the shoulder and elbow angles were calculated thanks to a preliminary calibration of the sensor position. We examined first the effect of side, distance and objects with non-parametric statistics. Prosthetic grasping was characterized by severe temporo-spatial impairments consistent with previous clinical or kinematic observations. The grasping phase was prolonged and the reaching and grasping components uncoupled. The 3D hand displacement was symmetrical in average, but with some differences according to the objects. Compensatory strategies involved the trunk and the proximal part of the upper-limb, as shown by a greater 3D displacement of the elbow for close target and a greater forward displacement of the acromion, particularly for far targets. The hand orientation at the time of grasping showed marked side differences with a more frontal azimuth, and a more "thumb-up" roll. The variation of hand orientation with the object on the prosthetic side, suggested that the lack of finger and wrist mobility imposed some adaptation of hand pose relative to the object. The detailed kinematic analysis allows more insight into the mechanisms of the compensatory strategies that could be due to both increased distal or proximal kinematic constraints. A better knowledge of those compensatory strategies is important for the prevention of musculoskeletal disorders and the development of innovative prosthetics.


Assuntos
Amputados , Membros Artificiais , Articulação do Cotovelo , Humanos , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Cotovelo
10.
Bull Hosp Jt Dis (2013) ; 80(4): 210-215, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36403947

RESUMO

Rupture of the triceps tendon is a rare event, and the care could be often problematic for orthopedic surgeons. Cases of triceps tendon re-rupture are even rarer. The stump is often retracted, atrophic, and the tissue quality is poor. Several surgical techniques have been reported. We present our surgi- cal reconstruction using free semitendinosus (ST) autograft.


Assuntos
Traumatismos do Braço , Músculos Isquiossurais , Traumatismos dos Tendões , Humanos , Autoenxertos , Tendões/cirurgia , Traumatismos dos Tendões/cirurgia , Cotovelo , Traumatismos do Braço/cirurgia
11.
BMC Surg ; 22(1): 408, 2022 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36434582

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Humeral osteotomy is the best method for treatment of severe cubitus varus in children. Many osteotomy methods have been developed in the past. In this study, we describe a novel corrective technique by applying the principles described by Paley involving lateral osteotomy using Kirschner wires (K-wires). Vertices of the osteotomy should be located at the center of rotation of angulation. The anatomical and mechanical axes can be corrected with precision. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this retrospective study, 21 patients (17 male, 4 female) who fulfilled the study criteria and underwent lateral closing osteotomy for cubitus varus deformity from July 2015 to October 2017 were included into the study. The osteotomy line of all patients was designed according to Paley's principles. An isosceles triangle template was made according to the design preoperatively. The lateral osteotomy was made with the assistance of C-arm radiographs. The osteotomy was fixed by K-wires laterally. Patients were followed up, and elbows were evaluated by radiography and using the Mayo Elbow Performance Index (MEPI) score. RESULTS: The mean correction angle obtained was 32.33°±2.83°. According to the MEPI score assessment, 19 of the 21 patients had an excellent outcome and two had a good outcome. Two patients complained of conspicuous scars; however, no further cosmetic surgery was performed. The range of motion was 135.0° preoperatively and 133.7° postoperatively, showing no significant difference (p = 0.326). None showed evidence of neurovascular injury or complained of prominence of the lateral humerus. CONCLUSION: Paley's principles for correcting cubitus varus deformity in children are effective and reliable for treating such a condition. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Therapeutic IV.


Assuntos
Fraturas do Úmero , Deformidades Articulares Adquiridas , Criança , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Deformidades Articulares Adquiridas/etiologia , Deformidades Articulares Adquiridas/cirurgia , Cotovelo , Fraturas do Úmero/complicações , Fraturas do Úmero/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Osteotomia/métodos
12.
J Am Coll Radiol ; 19(11S): S256-S265, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36436956

RESUMO

Chronic elbow pain can be osseous, soft tissue, cartilaginous, and nerve related in etiology. Imaging plays an important role in differentiating between these causes of chronic elbow pain. This document provides recommendations for imaging of chronic elbow pain in adult patients. The ACR Appropriateness Criteria are evidence-based guidelines for specific clinical conditions that are reviewed annually by a multidisciplinary expert panel. The guideline development and revision process support the systematic analysis of the medical literature from peer-reviewed journals. Established methodology principles such as Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation or GRADE are adapted to evaluate the evidence. The RAND/UCLA Appropriateness Method User Manual provides the methodology to determine the appropriateness of imaging and treatment procedures for specific clinical scenarios. In those instances in which peer-reviewed literature is lacking or equivocal, experts may be the primary evidentiary source available to formulate a recommendation.


Assuntos
Dor Crônica , Cotovelo , Humanos , Sociedades Médicas , Medicina Baseada em Evidências , Artralgia/etiologia , Dor Crônica/diagnóstico por imagem , Dor Crônica/etiologia
13.
PLoS One ; 17(11): e0277662, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36374842

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The number of complications after total elbow arthroplasty (TEA) is high and survival rates are low compared to hip and knee arthroplasties. The most common reason for revision is aseptic loosening, which might be caused by overloading of the elbow. In an attempt to lower failure rates, current clinical practice is to restrict activities for patients with a TEA. However, postoperative management of TEA is a poorly investigated topic, as no evidence-based clinical guidelines exist and the aftercare is often surgeon-based. In this study we evaluated the current postoperative management of TEA among orthopedic surgeons. METHODS: An online survey of 30 questions was sent to 635 members of the European Society for Surgery of the Shoulder and the Elbow (SECEC/ESSSE), about 10% (n = ± 64) of whom are considered dedicated elbow specialists. The questions were on characteristics of the surgeon and on the surgeon's preferred postoperative management, including items to be assessed on length of immobilization, amount of weight bearing and axial loading, instructions on lifelong activities, physiotherapy, and postoperative evaluation of the elbow. RESULTS: The survey was completed by 54 dedicated elbow specialists from 17 different countries. Postoperative immobilization of the elbow was advised by half of respondents when using the triceps-sparing approach (52%), and even more with the triceps-detaching approach (65%). Postoperative passive movement of the elbow was allowed in the triceps-sparing approach (91%) and in the triceps-detaching approach (87%). Most respondents gave recommendations on weight bearing (91%) or axial loading (76%) by the affected elbow, but the specification shows significant variation. CONCLUSION: The results from this survey demonstrate a wide variation in postoperative care of TEA. The lack of consensus in combination with low survival rates stresses the need for clinical guidelines. Further research should focus on creating these guidelines to improve follow-up care for TEA.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Substituição do Cotovelo , Articulação do Cotovelo , Cirurgiões Ortopédicos , Humanos , Cotovelo/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento , Artroplastia de Substituição do Cotovelo/métodos , Articulação do Cotovelo/cirurgia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Reoperação
14.
Sensors (Basel) ; 22(21)2022 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36366050

RESUMO

Ultrasound imaging (US) is increasingly being used in the diagnosis of entrapment neuropathies. The aim of the current study was to evaluate changes in stiffness (shear modulus), cross-sectional area (CSA), and trace length (TRACE) of the ulnar nerve in patients with cubital tunnel syndrome (CuTS), with shear wave elastography (SWE). A total of 31 patients with CuTS were included. CSA, shear modulus, and TRACE examinations were performed in the SWE mode in four positions of the elbow: full extension, 45° flexion, 90° flexion, and maximum flexion. There were significant side-to-side differences in the ulnar nerve elasticity value at 45°, 90°, and maximal elbow flexion (all, p < 0.001) but not at elbow extension (p = 0.36). There were significant side-to-side differences in the ulnar nerve CSA value at each elbow position (all, p < 0.001). There were significant side-to-side differences in the ulnar nerve trace value at each elbow position (all, p < 0.001). The symptomatic ulnar nerve in patients with CuTS exhibited greater stiffness (shear modulus), CSA, and TRACE values, compared with the asymptomatic side. US examinations (shear modulus, CSA, and TRACE evaluation) of the ulnar nerve can be helpful in supporting and supplementing the diagnosis in patients with CuTS.


Assuntos
Síndrome do Túnel Ulnar , Articulação do Cotovelo , Humanos , Síndrome do Túnel Ulnar/diagnóstico por imagem , Nervo Ulnar/diagnóstico por imagem , Nervo Ulnar/fisiologia , Articulação do Cotovelo/diagnóstico por imagem , Articulação do Cotovelo/fisiologia , Cotovelo/diagnóstico por imagem , Ultrassonografia/métodos
15.
Neurol India ; 70(5): 1920-1924, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36352588

RESUMO

Background: Compression of ulnar nerve at the elbow is the second most common peripheral neuropathy of the upper extremity. Objective: Due to the lack of the gold diagnostic standard for ulnar nerve involvement at elbow level (UNE) and the lack of sufficient study in this field, we decided to evaluate patients with symptoms of this disease who have normal conventional electrodiagnostic study (EDX) in first evaluation. Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 18 persons were selected from patients who were referred to the clinic of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. If conventional EDX was normal, compound nerve action potential (CNAP) test (peak latency and amplitude) was carried out. Patients with normal conventional EDX but abnormal ulnar CNAP included to our study. After 3 months, if they had not been treated for ulnar neuropathy, they were reexamined by conventional EDX plus ulnar CNAP measurement. Results: In total, 18 patients (11 females, 7 males) aged 28-58 years old (mean = 40.11) were analyzed in this study. After 3 months, 14 patients (77.8%) demonstrated parameter changes consistent with UNE in conventional EDX. Conclusion: Based on the results of this study, ulnar CNAP has diagnostic value in patients with symptoms of UNE who have normal routine EDX. Therefore, ulnar CNAP should be taken into account for early diagnosis of ulnar neuropathy when routine electrodiagnostic tests are normal.


Assuntos
Nervo Ulnar , Neuropatias Ulnares , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cotovelo/inervação , Estudos Transversais , Seguimentos , Condução Nervosa/fisiologia , Neuropatias Ulnares/diagnóstico , Eletrodiagnóstico/métodos
16.
BMJ Open ; 12(11): e062177, 2022 11 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36414293

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To undertake a UK-based James Lind Alliance (JLA) Priority Setting Partnership for elbow conditions and be representative of the views of patients, carers and healthcare professionals (HCPs). SETTING: This was a national collaborative study organised through the British Elbow and Shoulder Society. PARTICIPANTS: Adult patients, carers and HCPs who have managed or experienced elbow conditions, their carers and HCPs in the UK involved in managing of elbow conditions. METHODS: The rigorous JLA priority setting methodology was followed. Electronic and paper scoping surveys were distributed to identify potential research priority questions (RPQs). Initial responses were reviewed and a literature search was performed to cross-check categorised questions. Those questions already sufficiently answered were excluded and the remaining questions were ranked in a second survey according to priority for future elbow conditions research. Using the JLA methodology, responses from HCP and patients were combined to create a list of the top 18 questions. These were further reviewed in a dedicated multistakeholder workshop where the top 10 RPQs were agreed by consensus. RESULTS: The process was completed over 24 months. The initial survey resulted in 467 questions from 165 respondents (73% HCPs and 27% patients/carers). These questions were reviewed and combined into 46 summary topics comprising: tendinopathy, distal biceps pathology, arthritis, stiffness, trauma, arthroplasty and cubital tunnel syndrome. The second (interim prioritisation) survey had 250 respondents (72% HCP and 28% patients/carers). The top 18 ranked questions from this survey were taken to the final workshop where a consensus was reached on the top 10 RPQs. CONCLUSIONS: The top 10 RPQs highlight areas of importance that currently lack sufficient evidence to guide diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation of elbow conditions. This collaborative process will guide researchers and funders regarding the topics that should receive most future attention and benefit patients and HCPs.


Assuntos
Pesquisa Biomédica , Articulação do Cotovelo , Adulto , Humanos , Cotovelo , Cuidadores , Pessoal de Saúde
17.
Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 36(11): 1363-1368, 2022 Nov 15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36382453

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the effectiveness of total elbow arthroplasty (TEA) via olecranon osteotomy approach. Methods: Between January 2011 and December 2021, 22 patients (25 sides) with elbow joint disease were treated with TEA via olecranon osteotomy approach. There were 9 males and 13 females with an average age of 52.0 years (range, 32-80 years). The disease involved unilateral elbow joint in 19 cases, including 12 cases on the left side and 7 cases on the right side, and 3 cases with bilateral elbow joints. There were 3 cases (3 sides) of osteoarthritis, 7 cases (9 sides) of rheumatoid arthritis, 6 cases (7 sides) of traumatic arthritis, 4 cases (4 sides) of distal humeral fracture, and 2 cases (2 sides) of elbow tuberculosis. The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, and postoperative complications were recorded. The Mayo Elbow Performance Score (MEPS) and range of motion (ROM) were used to evaluate the elbow joint function, and imaging was used to review the position of the prosthesis and the healing of the osteotomy. Results: The operation time ranged from 53 to 120 minutes (mean, 90.6 minutes); intraoperative blood loss ranged from 10 to 200 mL (mean, 68.4 mL). All incisions healed by first intention. All patients were followed up 3.9-126.7 months, with a median time of 47.6 months. At last follow-up, the MEPS scores of 22 patients ranged from 72 to 100 (mean, 91.6); the elbow joint function was rated as excellent in 17 sides, good in 7 sides, and fair in 1 side, with an excellent and good rate of 96%. Elbow joint ROM was 98°-140° in flexion (mean, 119.7°), 5°-23° in extension (mean, 13.9°), 70°-90° in anterior rotation (mean, 83.3°), and 63°-90° in posterior rotation (mean, 79.4°). The follow-up time of 17 patients (20 sides) without fracture and joint stiffness before operation was 3.9-126.7 months, with a median time of 53.9 months; at last follow-up, the MEPS score and the elbow joint ROM were significantly better than those before operation ( P<0.05). The follow-up time of 5 patients (5 sides) with fracture and joint stiffness before operation was 12.0-124.2 months, with a median time of 40.1 months. At last follow-up, MEPS scores ranged from 89 to 100 (mean, 91.2), and elbow joint ROM restored. Two cases (2 sides) developed ulnar nerve symptoms after operation, and 1 case (1 side) suffered from periprosthetic fracture and periprosthetic infection after revision, and the elbow prosthesis was removed. The prosthesis survival rate was 96%. During follow-up, no prosthesis loosening occurred. Conclusion: The intraoperative visual field exposure of TEA via the olecranon osteotomy approach is sufficient, which can reduce the incidence of complications such as triceps weakness and ulnar nerve injury, effectively improve the function of the elbow joint, and obtain satisfactory effectiveness.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Substituição do Cotovelo , Articulação do Cotovelo , Fraturas do Úmero , Olécrano , Osteoartrite , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Articulação do Cotovelo/cirurgia , Olécrano/cirurgia , Cotovelo/lesões , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica , Resultado do Tratamento , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Osteoartrite/cirurgia , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/métodos , Fraturas do Úmero/cirurgia
18.
Pediatr Emerg Care ; 38(12): 659-664, 2022 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36449736

RESUMO

METHODS: Electronic medical records of the largest health provider in Israel, which provides health services to more than 50% of the population, were reviewed for pulled elbow cases between 2005 and 2020. Patients aged 4.5 months to 7 years were included. Demographic information, the discipline of the treating physician, and acquisition of elbow radiographs were gathered. RESULTS: A total of 4357 patients, 62.8% girls, were included. The average body mass index was 16.1 (SD, 1.2). Most patients were from communities in the upper half of the socioeconomic status clusters 6 to 10 (64.63%). Most patients were attended by a pediatrician (51.5%), followed by an orthopedic surgeon (19.9%). Radiographs were acquired for 570 children (13.1%). Most radiographs (36.5%) were requested by orthopedic surgeons and for children in the boundary age groups. The patient's socioeconomic status was associated with access to physicians of different subspecialties, and lower income families had a higher tendency to be treated by nonspecialized physician ( P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Orthopedic surgeons use elbow radiographs much more than pediatricians; effort should aim at reducing the imaging rate for this population.


Assuntos
Traumatismos do Antebraço , Luxações Articulares , Cirurgiões Ortopédicos , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Cotovelo , Pediatras , Radiografia
19.
Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown) ; 23(5): 367-373, 2022 11 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36227251

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nerve transfers for elbow flexion in brachial plexus injuries have been used with increasing frequency because of the higher rate of success and acceptable morbidity. This is especially true in upper and extended upper-type brachial plexus injuries. OBJECTIVE: To present the clinical outcomes of nerve transfers for elbow flexion in patients with upper and extended upper-type brachial plexus injuries. METHODS: A retrospective cohort review was done on all patients with upper and extended upper-type brachial plexus injuries from 2006 to 2017, who underwent nerve transfers for the restoration of elbow flexion. Outcome variables include Filipino version of the disability of the arm, shoulder, and hand (FIL-DASH) score, elbow flexion strength and range of motion, and pain. All statistical significance was set at P < .05. RESULTS: Fifty-six patients with nerve transfers to restore elbow flexion were included. There was a significant improvement in FIL-DASH scores in 28 patients after the nerve transfer procedure. Patients with C56 nerve root injuries and those with more than 2 years' follow-up have a higher percentage of regaining ≥M4 elbow flexion strength. Those with double nerve transfers had a higher percentage of ≥M4 elbow flexion strength, greater range of elbow flexion, and better FIL-DASH scores compared with single nerve transfers, but this did not reach statistical significance. CONCLUSION: Nerve transfer procedures improve FIL-DASH scores in upper and upper-type brachial plexus injuries. After nerve transfer, stronger elbow flexion can be expected in patients with C56 injuries, and those with longer follow-up.


Assuntos
Plexo Braquial , Articulação do Cotovelo , Transferência de Nervo , Plexo Braquial/lesões , Plexo Braquial/cirurgia , Cotovelo/cirurgia , Articulação do Cotovelo/cirurgia , Humanos , Transferência de Nervo/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos
20.
J Hand Surg Asian Pac Vol ; 27(5): 864-873, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36285752

RESUMO

Background: Most radial head prostheses were designed in Western countries based on the anatomical characteristics of Western populations. We hypothesised that these prostheses are too large for below-average height Thai women. The objective of this study is to evaluate the anthropometric parameters of the proximal radius in such a population and its correlation with commercially available prostheses. Methods: Dominant elbows of 124 Thai women whose height was <155 cm were studied. Using the standard anteroposterior and lateral radiographic images, the head diameter and thickness, the distance between the articular surface and radial tuberosity, the narrowest intra-medullary canal diameter and the narrowest outer diameter of the radial neck were measured. Correlations between body height and each radiographic parameter were assessed using the Pearson correlation coefficient (PCC). The specifications of the commercial metallic radial head implants were reviewed and used to evaluate the relevant radiographic parameters. Results: Mean of the minimum and maximum head diameter was 18.54 ± 1.11 mm and 19.13 ± 1.17 mm, respectively; the thickness was 7.43 ± 0.69 mm, the distance between the articular surface and tuberosity was 19.05 ± 1.45 mm, the intra-medullary canal diameter was 7.63 ± 1.2 mm and the outer diameter of the radial neck was 11.13 ± 1.26 mm. There is a poor correlation between the participant's height and each parameter (PCC ≤ 0.50). In 24.2% of the participants, the smallest size of prosthetic designs with a head diameter of 20 mm is larger than +2 mm in reference to minor diameter. The minimum prosthetic head thickness is greater than the average value of the participants in 12 out of 15 designs. One participant has an outer neck diameter smaller than the smallest stem diameter of three designs. Conclusions: Surgeons must be aware that commercially available radial head replacement implants may be too large for below-average height Thai women. Level of Evidence: Level IV (Prognostic).


Assuntos
Prótese de Cotovelo , Rádio (Anatomia) , Humanos , Feminino , Rádio (Anatomia)/diagnóstico por imagem , Rádio (Anatomia)/cirurgia , Estatura , Tailândia , Cotovelo
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