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1.
Sci Rep ; 13(1): 429, 2023 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36624241

RESUMO

Cognitive functions of individuals with psychiatric disorders differ from that of the general population. Such cognitive differences often manifest early in life as differential school performance and have a strong genetic basis. Here we measured genetic predictors of school performance in 30,982 individuals in English, Danish and mathematics via a genome-wide association study (GWAS) and studied their relationship with risk for six major psychiatric disorders. When decomposing the school performance into math and language-specific performances, we observed phenotypically and genetically a strong negative correlation between math performance and risk for most psychiatric disorders. But language performance correlated positively with risk for certain disorders, especially schizophrenia, which we replicate in an independent sample (n = 4547). We also found that the genetic variants relating to increased risk for schizophrenia and better language performance are overrepresented in individuals involved in creative professions (n = 2953) compared to the general population (n = 164,622). The findings together suggest that language ability, creativity and psychopathology might stem from overlapping genetic roots.


Assuntos
Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Transtornos Mentais , Humanos , Cognição , Criatividade , Transtornos Mentais/epidemiologia , Idioma
2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36613216

RESUMO

This paper uses social identity theory to develop an environmental identity theory and interpret why sustainable leadership can influence environmental identity, which in turn, results in environmental innovation strategy (EIS) adoption. Data were collected from 90 samples of technology manufacturing firms in Taiwan, and a latent growth curve model was employed to analyze the longitudinal data. The research results confirm all hypotheses. Mediating analysis also supports the environmental identity as a mediating role between sustainable leadership and EIS. Indeed, past studies have not explored the mechanism studied in this paper, a novel mechanism which can not only advance the literature on sustainable development but also help companies to realize sustainable development through environmental innovation strategy adoption.


Assuntos
Liderança , Desenvolvimento Sustentável , Comércio , Identificação Social , Criatividade
3.
PLoS One ; 18(1): e0280005, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36608048

RESUMO

This study proposes a multilevel conceptual framework for a deeper understanding of the relationship between employee well-being and innovativeness. We overview 49 years of well-being research [1972-2021] and 54 years of research on innovativeness [1967-2021] to uncover 24 dominant themes in well-being and ten primary topics in innovativeness research. Citation network analysis and text semantic similarity were used to develop a conceptual framework featuring 21 components and three levels: individual, organizational, and market. These components consist of constructs, domains, and factors that can influence or be influenced by employee well-being and innovativeness either directly or indirectly. This is the first study to use citation network analysis and data mining techniques to investigate the relationship between employee well-being and innovativeness. This novel framework can aid organizations in identifying more holistic and efficient strategies for fostering innovativeness and enhancing the well-being of their workforce. It can also assist in developing new theories and serve as a roadmap for future research. We discuss the research limitations and theoretical and practical implications and propose three research themes that future studies may address.


Assuntos
Criatividade , Recursos Humanos , Humanos
4.
PLoS One ; 18(1): e0280003, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36626372

RESUMO

Employee creativity is important for TV companies because it can improve organizational performance and increase success and survival based on the ability to create innovations. In response to this, field reporters who work for TV companies also need high creativity in facing the challenges of their work and in creating innovations. This research aims to test the roles of perceived organizational support, proactive personality, the meaning of work, and work engagement in affecting employee creativity. The total numbers of respondents were 119 selected from 14 private television companies in Indonesia. The method in this study is a quantitative approach using the Partial Least Square (PLS) analysis tool with the SmartPls 3.0 application. Most of the hypotheses of this study show significant results. However, there is one finding that a proactive personality is not able to strengthen employee creativity. This indicates that employees' behavior at work is sometimes different from the personality. This study is the first to look at news reporters' employee creativity using the suggested model. As a result, organizations can use the study's findings as a starting point to determine the best strategy for fostering creativity within their workforce.


Assuntos
Criatividade , Personalidade , Humanos , Indústrias , Engajamento no Trabalho , Transtornos da Personalidade
5.
PLoS One ; 18(1): e0280521, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36649356

RESUMO

Tie strength has been examined as an antecedent of creativity. Although it has been discovered that international collaboration affects scientific performance, the effect of tie strength in the international collaboration network has been largely neglected. Based on international publications of 72 countries/regions published from 1993 to 2013, we combine descriptive and panel regression methods to examine how the bonding of strong collaboration ties contributes to countries' international scientific performance. Strong ties occur at an average rate of 1 in 4 collaborators, whereas countries/regions share on average 84% of articles with their strong-tie collaborators. Our quantitative results provide an explanation for this phenomenon in international collaboration: the establishment of a strong tie relationship contributes to above-average productivity and citation frequency for countries/regions. To further explore which types of strong ties tend to have stronger citation impact, we analyse the relationship between persistent and stable collaboration and publication citation impact. Experimental results show that international collaborations with greater persistence and moderate stability tend to produce high impact publications. It is noteworthy that when the collaboration period is divided into different time intervals, similar findings can be found after the same analysis procedure is carried out. This indicates that our conclusions are robust. Overall, this study provides quantitative insights into the added value of long-term commitment and social trust associated with strong collaborative partnerships in international collaboration.


Assuntos
Resolução de Problemas , Publicações , Confiança , Criatividade , Análise de Regressão
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36674040

RESUMO

The capability to share knowledge is considered one of the most relevant components of knowledge management. Moreover, there is little empirical evidence indicating how future human resources in the construction industry value the richness of knowledge sharing and the richness of their innovative behavior. The purposes of this study are (1) to determine which facilitators, from the point of view of master's degree students related to engineering and construction management in Spain, most substantially influence knowledge sharing capability; (2) to test whether knowledge sharing capability (KS) positively influences innovative behavior (IB); and (3) demonstrating whether organizational innovation climate (OIC) is a factor that moderates the relationship between KS and IB. In this research, we have proposed a theoretical model and empirically tested the model in a sample of 253 master's degree students in public universities in Spain. The findings support the proposed model, and the structural equation modeling (SEM) evaluation suggests that, among all the facilitators of KS, information and communication technologies (ICT) stand out among the other facilitators and have a more significant influence on KS. Furthermore, the research found a direct correlation between KS and IB and causal links between OIC and IB.


Assuntos
Criatividade , Estudantes , Humanos , Análise de Classes Latentes , Espanha
7.
Neuropsychologia ; 179: 108446, 2023 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36529264

RESUMO

The compound nature of creativity entails the interplay of multiple cognitive processes, making it difficult to attribute creativity to a single neural signature. Divergent thinking paradigms, widely adopted to investigate creative production, have highlighted the key role of specific mental operations subserving creativity, such as inhibition of external stimuli, loose semantic associations, and mental imagery. Neurophysiological studies have typically shown a high alpha rhythm synchronization when individuals are engaged in creative ideation. Also, oculomotor activity and pupil diameter have been proposed as useful indicators of mental operations involved in such a thinking process. The goal of this study was to investigate whether beyond alpha-band activity other higher frequency bands, such as beta and gamma, may subserve divergent and convergent thinking and whether those could be associated with a different gaze bias and pupil response during ideas generation. Implementing a within-subjects design we collected behavioral measures, neural activity, gaze patterns, and pupil dilation while participants performed a revised version of the Alternative Uses Task, in which divergent thinking is contrasted to convergent thinking. As expected, participants took longer to generate creative ideas as compared to common ones. Interestingly, during divergent thinking participants displayed alpha synchronization along with beta and gamma desynchronization, more pronounced leftward gaze shift, and greater pupil dilation. During convergent thinking, an opposite pattern was observed: desynchronization in alpha and an increase in beta and gamma rhythm, along with a reduction of leftward gaze shift and greater pupil constriction. The present study uncovered specific neural dynamics and physiological patterns during idea generation, providing novel insight into the complex physiological signature of creative production.


Assuntos
Criatividade , Pensamento , Humanos , Pensamento/fisiologia , Eletroencefalografia , Cognição , Ritmo alfa/fisiologia
9.
Brain Res ; 1801: 148201, 2023 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36521515

RESUMO

Research interest in gender differences in aggression and creative ideation cumulates in the phenomenon of malevolent creativity. Taking another critical step in understanding malevolent creativity, we investigated gender differences in brain activation and functional coupling of cortical sites in the EEG alpha band while n = 88 women and men purposefully generated malevolent creative ideas for taking revenge on others. Results showed that malevolent creativity performance between the genders was similar; however, their underlying EEG patterns were markedly different. While women exhibited a steep decrease of task-related alpha power from frontal to left central-temporal, men's malevolent creative ideation was characterized by a more diffuse pattern of task-related alpha power changes, along with decreased frontal-central coupling. Per interpretation, women's malevolent creative thinking may more strongly rely on controlled semantic memory retrieval and novel re-combination of social/relationship information, while men may utilize more automatic motor-related imagery that may predominantly facilitate physical revenge ideation. Our findings add novel evidence to the idea that women and men engage different neurocognitive strategies to achieve similar creative performance and may help to further illuminate the darker side of creative ideation.


Assuntos
Criatividade , Eletroencefalografia , Humanos , Feminino , Masculino , Eletroencefalografia/métodos , Encéfalo/fisiologia , Mapeamento Encefálico , Memória
10.
Acta Psychol (Amst) ; 232: 103811, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36527818

RESUMO

This study proposed a research model based on the transactional theory of stress and coping to examine the relationship between excessive enterprise social media (ESM) usage and employee creativity. The research model proposed that excessive ESM usage positively influences Techno-overload and technology-family conflict which influence ESM fatigue. Furthermore, ESM fatigue negatively influences employee creativity. The model was tested using a sample of 367 individual employees from the information technology industry in China. Results reveal that excessive ESM usage is significantly related to employees' perceptions of Techno-overload and technology-family conflict which contribute to generating ESM fatigue. Results further reveal that ESM fatigue is negatively related to employee creativity. The contributions of this research to the theory and practice are discussed in the later section.


Assuntos
Mídias Sociais , Humanos , Adaptação Psicológica , Criatividade , Tecnologia , China
11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36498055

RESUMO

Job role ambiguity is becoming more and more common due to the increase in telecommuting caused by the COVID-19 epidemic. In order to understand the internal mechanism of the association between role ambiguity and creativity, this study examined it in the context of the Demands-Resources-Individual Effects (DRIVE) model. Participants were employees from all walks of life in mainland China, with a total of 437 valid data. The results showed that role ambiguity had no significant direct effect on creativity but exerted a negative effect on creativity through the chain mediating effect of affective rumination and perceived stress. A good relationship with a supervisor helped employees reduce their affective rumination when faced with the pressure of role ambiguity. The results show that how employees perceive role ambiguity plays an essential role in determining the potency of the after-effect of role ambiguity. Resources from supervisors can help reduce the negative perception of ambiguous roles.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Pandemias , Humanos , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Criatividade , China/epidemiologia
12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36497590

RESUMO

This paper investigates the systemic challenges that African healthcare innovators experience in the quest to scale their innovations. The aim is to aggregate insights and to conceptualize a foundation towards building a framework that can be used as a guide by intermediary organizations and global partners to support collaborative innovation in African countries. These insights were gained from analyzing a dataset of survey responses obtained from a follow-up on 230 innovators who took part in the inaugural WHO Africa Innovation Challenge that was held in 2018. The insights led to the identification of 10 key foundational blocks that assist in ecosystem management in a bid to strengthen national health innovation ecosystems and to improve the sustainability and integration of innovations in the health system.


Assuntos
Difusão de Inovações , Ecossistema , Atenção à Saúde , Criatividade , Programas Governamentais , Inovação Organizacional
13.
Rev. psicol. trab. organ. (1999) ; 38(3): 149-163, dic. 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-212972

RESUMO

Most often understood as the generation of novel and useful ideas and their implementation, research on creativity and innovation has mushroomed in recent years. Although these studies provided useful insights into how organizations can enhance both phenomena, there is a growing consensus in the literature suggesting that rather than inherently beneficial, creativity and innovation are in fact ripe with tensions and competing demands. These tensions may put individuals and teams under pressure as they try to a) come up with novel, but also useful and implementable ideas, b) complete their core tasks efficiently, but also suggest novel and useful ideas for their improvement, and c) bring uniqueness to the table, but at the same time form cohesive collectives. In this integrative review, we illustrate these tensions with research evidence and provide recommendations about how we can manage them in order to benefit from individual and team creative and innovative efforts.(AU)


A menudo entendida como la generación de ideas innovadoras y útiles y de su puesta en práctica, la investigación en creatividad e innovación ha prosperado en los últimos años. A pesar de que estos estudios hayan aportado luz sobre cómo pueden las empresas mejorar ambos fenómenos, cada vez hay mayor consenso en la literatura que indica que más que intrínsecamente favorables, la creatividad y la innovación están de hecho plagadas de tensiones y exigencias enfrentadas. Las tensiones someten a las personas y equipos a presión cuando tratan de: a) conseguir ideas innovadoras, y también útiles y que sean aplicables, b) finalizar sus principales tareas eficazmente y c) aportar originalidad, a la vez que forman colectivos cohesionados. En esta revisión integradora ilustramos estas tensiones con pruebas de investigación y damos recomendaciones sobre cómo podemos manejarlo para sacar provecho de los esfuerzos creativos e innovadores individuales y de equipo.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Criatividade , 50054 , Organizações , Eficiência Organizacional , Desenvolvimento Sustentável , Psicologia da Criança , Psicologia
14.
Alzheimers Dement ; 18 Suppl 9: e065202, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36537928

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Emergence of novel visual artistic skills has been described in neurodegenerative disorders, particularly in the frontotemporal dementia - amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (FTD-ALS) spectrum, but associated clinical and genetic features and the underlying neural mechanisms have not been systematically examined. We aimed to address these gaps. METHOD: We performed comprehensive chart review of all 734 participants in the University of California San Francisco FTD Program Project Grant who had a clinical syndrome within the FTD-ALS spectrum. This review allowed us to ascertain subjects meeting current FTD-ALS clinical research criteria who had: (1) an emergence of novel visual artistic skills or (2) a change in the style of visual art produced or (3) a significant increase in quantity of visual art produced. Clinical data, imaging studies, and genetic information were collected and analyzed. RESULT: Among the 734 patients screened, 45 were excluded due to lack of available research notes. We identified a change in visual artistic creativity in 17/689 patients (prevalence 2.5%). Mean age of FTD symptom onset was 57.4 (±10.4), and the visual artistic creativity (VAC) change was reported an average of 0.7 years (±10.1) prior to FTD symptom onset. Of the 17 patients with VAC, 8 exhibited no prior interest in art, 2 were professional visual artists who experienced a change in artistic style, and 7 reported some prior interest in art but a substantial change of style or quantity. Artistic output was diverse however bright colors and non-human subjects were prominent. VAC occurred in patients with semantic variant primary progressive aphasia (8), behavioral variant FTD (3), nonfluent variant primary progressive aphasia (2), progressive supranuclear palsy - Richardson's syndrome (2), corticobasal syndrome (1), and ALS (1). None carried a common pathogenic variant in a FTD gene. CONCLUSION: Change in VAC is an uncommon but early positive symptom that occurs in patients across the FTD-ALS clinical spectrum but appears most common in patients with anterior temporal lobe degeneration. We are pursuing the neural mechanisms of VAC through structural and functional neuroimaging studies.


Assuntos
Esclerose Amiotrófica Lateral , Afasia Primária Progressiva , Demência Frontotemporal , Paralisia Supranuclear Progressiva , Humanos , Demência Frontotemporal/genética , Esclerose Amiotrófica Lateral/genética , Criatividade , Afasia Primária Progressiva/diagnóstico por imagem
15.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 21459, 2022 12 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36509768

RESUMO

Cognitive science invokes semantic networks to explain diverse phenomena, from memory retrieval to creativity. Research in these areas often assumes a single underlying semantic network that is shared across individuals. Yet, recent evidence suggests that content, size, and connectivity of semantic networks are experience-dependent, implying sizable individual and age-related differences. Here, we investigate individual and age differences in the semantic networks of younger and older adults by deriving semantic networks from both fluency and similarity rating tasks. Crucially, we use a megastudy approach to obtain thousands of similarity ratings per individual to allow us to capture the characteristics of individual semantic networks. We find that older adults possess lexical networks with smaller average degree and longer path lengths relative to those of younger adults, with older adults showing less interindividual agreement and thus more unique lexical representations relative to younger adults. Furthermore, this approach shows that individual and age differences are not evenly distributed but, rather, are related to weakly connected, peripheral parts of the networks. All in all, these results reveal the interindividual differences in both the content and the structure of semantic networks that may accumulate across the life span as a function of idiosyncratic experiences.


Assuntos
Web Semântica , Semântica , Humanos , Idoso , Memória , Longevidade , Criatividade
16.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 21793, 2022 12 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36526894

RESUMO

To develop and design a nursing performance evaluation model for community health service centers for nursing performance management. Preliminary evaluation indicators were constructed through literature retrieval and research. Applying the Delphi method, 20 experts were invited to conduct two rounds of questionnaire consultation and indicator importance scoring. The primary indicators use the Delphi method to determine the weights, and the secondary indicators use the AHP method to determine the weights. The nursing unit evaluation model (including 30 indicators), the nursing staff evaluation model (including 21 indicators), and the performance evaluation hygiene factors model (including 5 indicators) were constructed. The recovery rate of the expert questionnaire was 100%, and the authority coefficient was 0.768. The degree of coordination was in line with the standard, and the consistency of the judgment matrix of the analytic hierarchy process was acceptable. The model is scientific and innovative, which adapts to the work characteristics and development needs of community health service centers, and provides a practical tool for nursing performance evaluation.


Assuntos
Serviços de Saúde Comunitária , Criatividade , Humanos , Técnica Delfos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Higiene , China
17.
Phys Life Rev ; 43: 211-238, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36343568

RESUMO

A mere few decades ago, culture was thought a unique human attribute. Evidence to the contrary accumulated through the latter part of the twentieth century and has exploded in the present one, demonstrating the transmission of traditions through social learning across all principal vertebrate taxa and even invertebrates, notably insects. The scope of human culture is nevertheless highly distinctive. What makes our cultural capacities and their cognitive underpinnings so different? In this article I argue that in behavioural scientists' endeavours to answer this question, fruitful research pathways and their ensuing discoveries have come to exist alongside popular, yet in the light of current empirical evidence, highly questionable scenarios and even scientific blind alleys. I particularly re-evaluate theories that rely on the centrality of a supposed uniquely human capacity for imitative copying in explaining the distinctive capacity for massive cumulative cultural evolution (CCE) in our species. The most extreme versions of this perspective suffer logical incoherence and severe limits on scientific testability. By contrast the field has generated a range of rigorous observational and experimental methodologies that have revealed both long-term cultural fidelity and limited forms of CCE in non-human species. Attention now turns to directly investigating the scope, limits and underlying cognition of non-human versus human CCE, with a broader approach to factors additional to cultural transmission, notably the role of invention, innovation and evolved motivational biases underlying the scope of CCE in the species studied.


Assuntos
Evolução Cultural , Aprendizado Social , Animais , Cognição , Invertebrados , Criatividade
18.
Behav Brain Sci ; 45: e304, 2022 11 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36396384

RESUMO

If recent exploratory traditions tap into evolved psychological dispositions to explore, wouldn't humans be expected to have drawn on such dispositions long before the written word? Trickster oral traditions fill this role in all levels of society, affluence, and on all continents, inverting the boundaries of social worlds and those between humans and animals, fostering cultural innovation.


Assuntos
Criatividade , Animais , Humanos
19.
Behav Brain Sci ; 45: e282, 2022 11 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36396394

RESUMO

As the physical world becomes tamed and mapped out, opportunities to experience the unknown become rarer; imaginary worlds provide a much-needed sense of potentiality. Potentiality is central to the Self-Other Re-organization theory of cultural evolution, which postulates that creativity fuels cumulative cultural change. We point to evidence that fear affects, not the magnitude of exploration, but how cautiously it proceeds.


Assuntos
Criatividade , Evolução Cultural , Humanos
20.
Creat Nurs ; 28(4): 240-246, 2022 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36411039

RESUMO

The COVID-19 pandemic made creative problem-solving, a skill that nurses have long possessed, more observable and valued. This article presents a new professional practice model for nursing innovation that facilitates practice improvements and leverages skills, strengths, and values that are integral to nursing. This model integrates the nursing process with Design Thinking and Theory U change management processes. A clinical case study illustrates the model's components in a pediatric oncology ambulatory center. Using this practice model, nurse leaders can leverage "design thinking like a nurse," to enhance innovation in health-care settings.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Processo de Enfermagem , Criança , Humanos , Pandemias , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Criatividade , Prática Profissional
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