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1.
Ecol Appl ; 31(6): e02352, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34181303

RESUMO

Developing the ecological scientist mindset among underrepresented students in ecology fields (Bowser and Cid, this Forum) provides timely and compelling strategies to broaden inclusion in ecology and environmental biology. Chronic underrepresentation of minorities in ecology and environmental disciplines (EE) is a crisis that is surprising to many, and even more surprising that, for African-Americans, this underrepresentation is more severe compared to other STEM disciplines. It is beyond irony that a discipline that values diversity as a cornerstone of ecological practice continues to struggle to achieve diversity in the ranks of its practitioners.


Assuntos
Crise de Identidade , Grupos Minoritários , Humanos
3.
Psychol Trauma ; 13(1): 94-103, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32378924

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Sudden or violent death of a loved one poses unique challenges for the bereaved. Research has found such losses to be associated with higher levels of chronic psychological distress. The present study explored underlying mechanisms and risk and protective factors for both prolonged grief and posttraumatic growth, considering both human and divine attachment. METHOD: In a mixed college and community sample of 374 traumatically bereaved adults, we examined associations between adult attachment to close others, adult attachment to God, identity distress, and shattered assumptions with the outcome variables of prolonged grief and posttraumatic growth. RESULTS: Correlations indicate that religious individuals' attachment patterns in close adult relationships were partially mirrored in their relationship with God. Regression analyses indicate a curvilinear relationship between prolonged grief and posttraumatic growth. Path analyses indicate significant associations between insecure attachment strategies and prolonged grief symptoms through the mediators of identity distress and shattered assumptions. Specifically, attachment anxiety in relation to close others and God, and attachment avoidance in relation to close others, were indirectly associated with prolonged grief. Attachment avoidance in relation to God was negatively associated with prolonged grief and posttraumatic growth, but there was no evidence for mediation. CONCLUSION: Faced with the traumatic loss of a loved one, the ability and desire to effectively access relationships facilitating emotional processing and cognitive reorganization is predicated on survivors' internal working model of attachment. These results inform the assessment and treatment of individuals bereaved through sudden or violent means. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Pesar , Crise de Identidade , Modelos Psicológicos , Apego ao Objeto , Crescimento Psicológico Pós-Traumático , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Testes Psicológicos , Espiritualidade , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/etiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
4.
Rev. Psicol., Divers. Saúde ; 9(3): 295-300, Nov. 2020. tab
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1254829

RESUMO

OBJETIVO: Identificar a visão do homem cisgênero diante dos novos papéis de gênero na sociedade brasileira contemporânea e da construção das novas masculinidades. MÉTODO: Trata de uma pesquisa descritiva, quantitativa e corte transversal, composta por uma amostra de 38 universitários do sexo masculino, com idade igual ou superior a 18 anos, acadêmicos dos diversos cursos de uma universidade pública estadual da cidade de Montes Claros - MG. O instrumento utilizado foi um questionário semiestruturado contendo vinte e três perguntas fechadas. RESULTADOS: Foi possível identificar um maior retraimento por parte dos sujeitos pretos que, em sua maioria (62,5%), afirmam não falarem sobre sentimentos. A maior discrepância observada se relaciona com as áreas de estudo, sendo que acadêmicos do Centro de Ciências Sociais Aplicadas, Centro de Ciências Exatas e de Tecnologia e Centro de Ciências Biológicas e da Saúde afirmam ter dificuldade em ser e fazer o que desejam por receio da reação das pessoas, enquanto os do Cento de Ciências Humanas dizem nunca ter essa dificuldade, além de ser o único centro que quase nunca busca se informar sobre as novas construções sociais dos papéis de gênero. CONCLUSÃO: Os resultados obtidos evidenciam as diferenças promovidas pela área de estudo como mais influentes do que a raça ­ não ignorando sua influência­ e podem apontar um caminho para expandir os debates sobre papéis de gênero entre grupos de homens cisgênero, mesclando os debates de cada grupo a fim de encontrar o equilíbrio entre informação e posicionamento na sociedade.


OBJECTIVE: Identify the cisgender man's view before the new gender roles in contemporary Brazilian society and the construction of new masculinities. METHOD: This study is a descriptive, quantitative and cross-sectional analysis, composed of a sample of 38 male students aged 18 years or older from different courses at a public state university at Montes Claros, Minas Gerais, Brazil. The research was based on a semi-structured questionnaire containing twenty-three objective questions. RESULTS: It was possible identifying a greater return on the part of black individuals. Most of them (62.5%) affirm they usually don't talk about feelings. The biggest discrepancy was observed among students from different areas of study. Students from Social Sciences, Math and Technology and Health Sciences claim to have difficulties in being and doing what they want to because of people's reactions. On the other hand, students from Human Sciences said they have never had that difficulty, besides those students affirm they hardly ever seek information about the new social constructions of gender roles. CONCLUSION: Results obtained show area of study as more influential than race ­ not ignoring their influence - and may indicate an alternative to expand debates about gender roles among groups of cisgender men, mixing debates of each group in order to find a balance between information and its place in society.


Assuntos
Identidade de Gênero , Masculinidade , Crise de Identidade
7.
N Engl J Med ; 382(9): 878-879, 2020 02 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32101679
8.
N Engl J Med ; 382(9): 879, 2020 02 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32101680
9.
N Engl J Med ; 382(9): 879-880, 2020 02 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32101681
10.
J Pediatr Nurs ; 49: e42-e47, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31645273

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is a prevalent hormonal disorder in adolescents; this study seeks to elaborate the main concerns of adolescents with PCOS. DESIGN AND METHODS: This qualitative content analysis was conducted on 15 adolescents with PCOS using purposive sampling in 2018. Semi-structured in-depth interviews were held for data collection, and data saturation occurred when no new data were being obtained. Data were analyzed concurrently with data collection. RESULTS: Fifteen adolescents with PCOS aged 13-19 years were enrolled into the study. Thirteen were single and two were married. The data analysis led to the extraction of "threats to feminine identity" as the main theme of this research, which was then divided into two categories: 1) concerns about attractiveness, with subcategories including fashion-related stress and the loss of physical beauty 2) concerns about femininity, with subcategories including the underlying issues of worrying about future marriage prospects, anxiety about infertility in the future and stress about menstrual abnormalities. CONCLUSION: According to the results of this study, attractiveness and threat to femininity is the main concern of adolescents with PCOS that should be further considered in the management of their treatment. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: Understanding the main concerns of adolescents with PCOS can help healthcare professionals better manage this disease in this population subgroup.


Assuntos
Feminilidade , Infertilidade Feminina/etiologia , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico/diagnóstico , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico/psicologia , Autoimagem , Adolescente , Imagem Corporal/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Crise de Identidade , Infertilidade Feminina/epidemiologia , Entrevistas como Assunto , Irã (Geográfico) , Prognóstico , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Medição de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Estresse Psicológico , Adulto Jovem
11.
J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs ; 48(4): 445-455, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31185195

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore how women who experienced infertility and underwent fertility treatments constructed maternal identities after they successfully gave birth. DESIGN: Narrative qualitative study. SETTING: Finland, Scandinavia. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-six previously infertile Finnish women who later conceived were recruited via social media, health clinics, and relevant informal support organizations. METHODS: Narrative analysis was used to process written accounts and individual episodic interviews with each of the 26 women. RESULTS: Four different identity stories emerged from the data: Fractured Maternity, Pursuing Maternity, Learning Maternity, and Discovering Maternity. Infertility, its treatment, and childbirth were narrated as turning points in the participants' life courses, but the significance of these turning points for maternal identity varied across the four stories. CONCLUSION: These findings have important implications for nursing practice. Health care professionals should be aware of the effects of previous long-standing infertility on the subsequent experience of motherhood so they can provide women with understanding, sufficient support, and appropriate interventions throughout the transition to motherhood.


Assuntos
Fertilização In Vitro/métodos , Crise de Identidade , Infertilidade Feminina/psicologia , Infertilidade Feminina/terapia , Mães/psicologia , Adaptação Psicológica , Adulto , Feminino , Fertilização In Vitro/psicologia , Finlândia , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Infertilidade Feminina/diagnóstico , Comportamento Materno/psicologia , Narração , Gravidez , Resultado da Gravidez , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Amostragem
13.
Water Res ; 151: 1-7, 2019 03 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30557778

RESUMO

Microbial biofilms can be both cause and cure to a range of emerging societal problems including antimicrobial tolerance, water sanitation, water scarcity and pollution. The identities of extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) responsible for the establishment and function of biofilms are poorly understood. The lack of information on the chemical and physical identities of EPS limits the potential to rationally engineer biofilm processes, and impedes progress within the water and wastewater sector towards a circular economy and resource recovery. Here, a multidisciplinary roadmap for addressing this EPS identity crisis is proposed. This involves improved EPS extraction and characterization methodologies, cross-referencing between model biofilms and full-scale biofilm systems, and functional description of isolated EPS with in situ techniques (e.g. microscopy) coupled with genomics, proteomics and glycomics. The current extraction and spectrophotometric characterization methods, often based on the principle not to compromise the integrity of the microbial cells, should be critically assessed, and more comprehensive methods for recovery and characterization of EPS need to be developed.


Assuntos
Matriz Extracelular de Substâncias Poliméricas , Crise de Identidade , Biofilmes , Águas Residuárias
14.
Cuad Bioet ; 29(97): 233-245, 2018.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30380898

RESUMO

Pain and disease are life experiences difficult to be understood due to different reasons: they both fall under subjective limits; the sufferer feels imprisoned in his own pain and perceives a radical rupture within himself, and the sufferer feels he is alone to himself, unable to communicate. All these reasons explain that suffering is a transforming element in life. In modern scientific medicine, regarding the treatment of pain, the physiological approach is the preponderant one. Therefore, other intrinsic dimensions of the person, like the psychic, the spiritual, the relational or the identity are not viewed as detrimental. This is an oversimplification of the reality which implies that the person is treated as an object. This can be interpreted as an attempt to the dignity of the person. This paper is aimed to contribute to a broader understanding of pain and a better patient care. The author lays out the results of combining two different approaches of pain: the story that a writer invents about his own pain and the phenomenological analysis of Toombs and Carel. Four eidetic categories of pain are presented in this paper: the otherness, the metamorphosis and the identity crisis, the placement in the present time and the loneliness and loss of relations. As a conclusion, this paper gives a definition of disease that includes the previous four elements. Moreover, it proposes the ways of narration and expression as a complement to the pharmacological treatment in order to healing and care.


Assuntos
Dor/psicologia , Humanos , Crise de Identidade , Solidão , Narração , Dor/classificação , Tempo
15.
PLoS One ; 13(8): e0202633, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30138476

RESUMO

Previous research in animal shelters has determined the breeds of dogs living in shelters by their visual appearance; however the genetic breed testing of such dogs is seldom conducted, and few studies have compared the breed labels assigned by shelter staff to the results of this testing. In the largest sampling of shelter dogs' breed identities to-date, 459 dogs at Arizona Animal Welfare League & SPCA (AAWL) in Phoenix, Arizona, and 460 dogs at San Diego Humane Society & SPCA (SDHS) in San Diego, California, were genetically tested using a commercially available product to determine their breed heritage. In our sample, genetic analyses identified 125 distinct breeds with 91 breeds present at both shelters, and 4.9% of the dogs identified as purebreds. The three most common breed signatures, in order of prevalence, American Staffordshire Terrier, Chihuahua, and Poodle, accounted for 42.5% or all breed identifications at the great grandparent level. During their stay at the shelter, dogs with pit bull-type ancestries waited longer to be adopted than other dogs. When we compared shelter breed assignment as determined by visual appearance to that of genetic testing, staff at SDHS was able to successfully match at least one breed in the genetic heritage of 67.7% of dogs tested; however their agreement fell to 10.4% when asked to identify more than one breed. Lastly, we found that as the number of pit bull-type relatives in a dog's heritage increased, so did the shelter's ability to match the results of DNA analysis. In total when we consider the complexity of shelter dog breed heritage and the failure to identify multiple breeds based on visual identification coupled with our inability to predict how these breeds then interact within an individual dog, we believe that focusing resources on communicating the physical and behavioral characteristics of shelter dogs would best support adoption efforts.


Assuntos
Cruzamento , Testes Genéticos , Crise de Identidade , Bem-Estar do Animal , Animais , Arizona , California , Cães , Humanos
16.
Pediatr. aten. prim ; 20(78): 179-181, abr.-jun. 2018. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-174700

RESUMO

La preadolescencia es una etapa de transición entre la infancia y la adolescencia que acontece normalmente entre los 8 y los 11 años. En este periodo se producen cambios físicos notables y un gran progreso a nivel psicológico, aumentando la capacidad para reflexionar y pensar de forma abstracta. En el siglo XXI, las nuevas tecnologías forman parte de la vida y realidad social de nuestros jóvenes. Las redes sociales son una potente herramienta de comunicación y a su vez, un gran peligro si padres y educadores no enseñamos a usarlas con prudencia, ya que es imposible frenar su necesidad de estar "conectados"


The preadolescence is a transitional phase between the childhood and the adolescence and occurs between the ages of 8-11. In this phase considerable physical changes and a substantial progress on a psychological level take place. In this way, the ability to reflect and to think abstractly increases. In the 21st century, new technologies are part of life and the social reality of young people. Social networks are a powerful tool of communication but can become a great danger if parents and educators do not teach young people how to use them prudently, because it is impossible to stop their need to be "connected"


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Criança , Comportamento Autodestrutivo/psicologia , Comportamento Infantil/psicologia , Comportamento Perigoso , Comportamento do Adolescente/psicologia , Assunção de Riscos , Mídias Sociais , Crise de Identidade
17.
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-180728

RESUMO

El hecho migratorio ocasiona una serie de duelos en las familias que, si no pueden ser suficientemente elaborados, producen afectaciones en los diferentes miembros de la unidad familiar, especialmente el desarrollo de los niños y los adolescentes. En este artículo se presenta un caso clínico atendido en un Centro de Salud Mental Infanto-Juvenil (CSMIJ) desde un abordaje terapéutico familiar, en el que, a través de la metáfora de la construcción de un puzle, se lleva a cabo una tarea de reconocimiento y contención de los aspectos dolorosos vividos. El objetivo es facilitar su integración y la constitución de una nueva identidad individual y familiar


Migration phenomenon causes a series of mourning in the families. It affects different members of the family unit, especially the development of children and adolescents. This article talks, from a family therapeutic approach, about a case treated in a Child and Adolescent Mental Health Center (CSMIJ) in which, through the metaphor of the construction of a puzzle, the task of recognition and containment of the painful aspects was carried out. The objective is to facilitate its integration and the constitution of a new individual and family identity


El fet migratori ocasiona una série de dols en les famílies que, si no poden ser suficientment elaborats, produeixen afectacions en els diferents membres de la unitat familiar I comprometen especialment el desenvolupament dels nens I adolescents. En aquest article, es presenta un cas clínic atés en un centre de salut mental infantil I juvenil (CSMIJ) des d'un abordatge terapéutic familiar en el qual, mitjançant la metáfora de la construcció d'un puzle, es porta a terme una tasca de reconeixement I contenció dels aspectes dolorosos viscuts. L'objectiu és facilitar la seva integració I la constitució d'una nova identitat individual I familiar


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Pré-Escolar , Emigrantes e Imigrantes/psicologia , Transtornos de Adaptação/psicologia , Terapia Familiar/métodos , Crise de Identidade , Integração Comunitária/tendências , Pesar , Luto , Emigração e Imigração/tendências , Relações Pais-Filho
18.
Rev Med Brux ; 39(1): 41-46, 2018.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29528598

RESUMO

The complexity of depressive diagnosis and other forms of expression of psychological suffering during adolescence explain why particular caution is required. The medico-psycho-social determinants of teenager's mental health enjoin us to support a holistic analysis of these situations. Different analysis spectra - symptomatic, environnemental, anthropological, cultural - allow us to understand a situation at different levels of interpretation. As we will see through a clinical case examination, the difficulty of depressive diagnosis in a multicultural background is increased by the ethnocentrical aspect of this category.


Assuntos
Diversidade Cultural , Depressão/diagnóstico , Depressão/terapia , Crise de Identidade , Adolescente , Fatores Etários , Família/psicologia , Humanos , Masculino , Psicologia do Adolescente , Fatores de Risco , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos , Estresse Psicológico/etiologia , Estresse Psicológico/terapia
19.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 38(1): 19-24, mar. 2018.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1046029

RESUMO

Durante el proceso de envejecimiento se producen una serie de cambios que a veces pueden sorprender desfavorablemente a aquellos individuos más frágiles. La pérdida de la continuidad identitaria constituye uno de los retos más significativos de los muchos que se presentan en la vejez y puede ocasionar imprevisibles consecuencias, entre las cuales la tentativa de suicidio aparecería como una manera última y desesperada de recuperar el control perdido. La vejez trae aparejados diversos cambios, que no son vividos de igual manera por todos; la característica de cada pérdida o de cada alteración determinará la repercusión en cada uno; por eso, poder comprenderlos en esta vivencia nos permite abrirnos hacia un nuevo entendimiento de esta etapa de la vida. A través de ella analizaremos tres historias de personas que perdieron en el camino aquello que las definía como seres humanos. (AU)


During the aging process several changes occur that may surprise unfavorably those who are more fragile. One of the most significant challenges that occur in the elderly is related with the lost of the previous identity which can lead to unforeseeable consequences, where the suicide attempt may seem to be the last and the most desperate way to regain control. Old age involves various changes and losses which will be experienced differently by every person according to their one personality and life story. To be able to fully comprehend this process will allow us to understand this stage of life in each singularity. In this article we will analyze three life stories illustrating people who lost the meaning of what defined them as human beings. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Adulto Jovem , Transtornos da Personalidade/complicações , Autoimagem , Tentativa de Suicídio/psicologia , Idoso Fragilizado/psicologia , Depressão/complicações , Crise de Identidade , Doença de Parkinson/psicologia , Transtornos da Personalidade/psicologia , Suicídio/psicologia , Luto , Saúde do Idoso , Depressão/psicologia , /psicologia
20.
J Health Psychol ; 23(5): 720-730, 2018 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27297632

RESUMO

This study explores ways women, who endured prolonged fertility difficulties, after which they eventually conceived, integrate the two phases within their life stories. A total of 12 women were interviewed during their first pregnancy after having experienced 2-6 years of infertility. Three types of narratives were identified: (1) the infertility overshadows the pregnancy and approaching motherhood, (2) the pregnancy leads to a dissociation concerning the infertile period, and (3) the two states coexist together along an integrated continuum. We suggested that the different narrative types may occur in diverse circumstances that entail integrating a crisis or prolonged illness into a constructive and meaningful life story.


Assuntos
Crise de Identidade , Infertilidade Feminina/psicologia , Narração , Gravidez/psicologia , Adaptação Psicológica , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Acontecimentos que Mudam a Vida , Pesquisa Qualitativa
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