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1.
Am J Dent ; 37(3): 121-125, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38899990

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of sandblasting on the microtensile strength between sclerotic dentin and resin composite. METHODS: 32 premolars with noncarious cervical lesions (NCCLs) were collected, and the teeth were randomly assigned to the control group (C group) and the sandblasted group (S group). Teeth in the S group were sandblasted with 110 µm Al2O3 particles at a pressure of 75 psi, while those in the C group received no further treatment. The characteristics of the tooth surface were observed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and the relative area of open dentin tubules (OTs) was calculated by IPP6.0 software. Surface roughness (Ra) was also assessed. The noncarious cervical lesions of all teeth were restored with a resin composite and subsequently sectioned into sticks to measure the microtensile bond strength (µTBS). RESULTS: The mean ± SD µTBS (in MPa) of the sandblasted group was 17.9 ± 0.69 and 14.23 ± 0.44 in the control group (P< 0.05). The relative area of OTs at the gingival wall of the sandblasted group was 69.74 ± 5.23%, and 47.24 ± 7.67% in the control group (P< 0.05). The average surface roughness (µm) was 1.01 ± 0.05 in the sandblasted group and 0.16 ± 0.03 in the control group. Sandblasting could increase the bond strength of sclerotic dentin and resin restorations. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: After sandblasting, the microtensile strength of sclerotic dentin on the surface of noncarious cervical lesions increased, prolonging the resin adhesion longevity. Sandblasting could also alleviate the pain of patients during the treatment process and achieve a minimally invasive treatment.


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas , Colagem Dentária , Dentina , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Propriedades de Superfície , Resistência à Tração , Humanos , Resinas Compostas/química , Colagem Dentária/métodos , Colo do Dente/patologia , Dente Pré-Molar , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Corrosão Dentária/métodos , Técnicas In Vitro
2.
BMC Oral Health ; 24(1): 735, 2024 Jun 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38926720

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to investigate the morphology of maxillary first premolar mesial root concavity and to analyse its relation to periodontal bone loss (BL) using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) and panoramic radiographs. METHODS: The mesial root concavity of maxillary premolar teeth was analysed via CBCT. The sex and age of the patients, starting position and depth of the root concavity, apicocoronal length of the concavity on the crown or root starting from the cementoenamel junction (CEJ), total apicocoronal length of the concavity, amount of bone loss both in CBCT images and panoramic radiographs, location of the furcation, length of the buccal and palatinal roots, and buccopalatinal cervical root width were measured. RESULTS: A total of 610 patients' CBCT images were examined, and 100 were included in the study. The total number of upper premolar teeth was 200. The patients were aged between 18 and 65 years, with a mean age of 45.21 ± 13.13 years. All the teeth in the study presented mesial root concavity (100%, n = 200). The starting point of concavity was mostly on the cervical third of the root (58.5%). The mean depth and buccolingual length measurements were 0.96 mm and 4.32 mm, respectively. Depth was significantly related to the amount of alveolar bone loss (F = 5.834, p = 0.001). The highest average concavity depth was 1.29 mm in the group with 50% bone loss. The data indicated a significant relationship between the location of the furcation and bone loss (X2 = 25.215, p = 0.003). Bone loss exceeded 50% in 100% of patients in whom the furcation was in the cervical third and in only 9.5% of patients in whom the furcation was in the apical third (p = 0.003). CONCLUSIONS: According to the results of this study, the depth of the mesial root concavity and the coronal position of the furcation may increase the amount of alveolar bone loss. Clinicians should be aware of these anatomical factors to ensure accurate treatment planning and successful patient management.


Assuntos
Perda do Osso Alveolar , Dente Pré-Molar , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Maxila , Radiografia Panorâmica , Raiz Dentária , Humanos , Dente Pré-Molar/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Feminino , Perda do Osso Alveolar/diagnóstico por imagem , Perda do Osso Alveolar/patologia , Raiz Dentária/diagnóstico por imagem , Raiz Dentária/anatomia & histologia , Raiz Dentária/patologia , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adolescente , Maxila/diagnóstico por imagem , Idoso , Adulto Jovem , Colo do Dente/diagnóstico por imagem , Colo do Dente/patologia
3.
Prim Dent J ; 13(2): 65-70, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38888079

RESUMO

External cervical root resorption may be occasionally mistaken for root caries and vice versa. Radiographical and clinical differential diagnoses of cervical root resorption and root caries are essential for correct treatment planning and a successful treatment outcome. This article reviews the contemporary literature and summarises the prevailing professional consensus pertaining to external cervical root resorption. Clinical diagnostics which help distinguish cervical root resorption from root caries are outlined and treatment approaches of external cervical root resorption are discussed.


Assuntos
Cárie Radicular , Reabsorção da Raiz , Humanos , Reabsorção da Raiz/terapia , Reabsorção da Raiz/diagnóstico , Reabsorção da Raiz/diagnóstico por imagem , Cárie Radicular/terapia , Cárie Radicular/diagnóstico , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Colo do Dente/diagnóstico por imagem , Tratamento do Canal Radicular
4.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 60(6)2024 Jun 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38929622

RESUMO

Background and objective: The aim of this randomized split-mouth study-controlled clinical trial was to compare the 2-year clinical performance of resin composite restorations placed at non-caries cervical lesions (NCCL) with one-step self-etch, total-etch, and selective enamel etch and self-etch adhesive techniques. Materials and methods: Thirty-two patients received three resin composite restorations each at NCCLs (Tetric EvoCeram/Ivoclar/Vivadent), bonded with a total-etch adhesive agent (ExciTE F/Ivoclar/Vivadent) and a self-etch (AdheSE One F/Ivoclar/Vivadent) without and with selective enamel etching. All restorations were evaluated by two examiners at baseline, 6-, 12-, 18-, and 24-months with FDI clinical criteria (post-operation regarding retention, caries occurrence, marginal adaptation, and marginal staining). A logistic regression analysis, a Cohen's kappa statistic, a multifactorial analysis, and X2 were performed with generalized estimating equations. Results: After 2 years, the retention rate was 86.8% for total etch, 92.26% for self-etch, and 93.63% for selective enamel etching and self-etch. No caries was detected on the restorations. Concerning marginal adaptation, the clinically perfect restorations were 26.9% for the total-etch technique, 16% for self-etch, and 25.9% for selective enamel etch and self-etch. The logistic regression model revealed that only time reduced the probability of perfect marginal adaptation. Conclusions: All three adhesive strategies provided restorations with no significant differences in the retention rate or marginal adaptation, whereas the total etch yielded better performance for marginal staining. All restorations were assessed as clinically acceptable after 2 years.


Assuntos
Restauração Dentária Permanente , Humanos , Feminino , Masculino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Restauração Dentária Permanente/métodos , Restauração Dentária Permanente/estatística & dados numéricos , Resinas Compostas/uso terapêutico , Colo do Dente , Colagem Dentária/métodos , Cárie Dentária/terapia
5.
J Evid Based Dent Pract ; 24(2): 101969, 2024 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38821658

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study assessed alterations in sensitivity among symptomatic noncarious cervical lesions (NCCLs) following the application of 3 low-level diode laser wavelengths before composite restoration. It analyzed the changes in dentin topography using a scanning electron microscope (SEM). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nine patients with 36 NCCLs were randomly assigned intra-individually to 4 groups based on the laser wavelength: laser simulation, 445 nm, 660 nm, and 970 nm. Cavity preparation, irradiation, and composite restoration were performed for each lesion. Sensitivity to cold stimuli was recorded using a visual analog scale (VAS) before the intervention (baseline) and at 1 day, 14 days, 1-, 3-, and 6-month. Pulp sensibility was recorded using an electrical pulp tester (EPT) at baseline, before treatment, and at 3- and 6-month. Additionally, an in vitro examination was performed on 12 extracted human molars to yield 12 dentin discs. Each disc was randomly divided into 4 quadrants to receive the same laser wavelengths to determine the diameters of the tubules using SEM. Results were analyzed statistically for clinical studies by the Friedman test, while ANOVA (RM-ANOVA) was conducted in-vitro, followed by the Bonferroni test in the case of significance (P < .05). RESULTS: VAS readings decreased across all groups, with a significant decrease observed for 660 nm and 970 nm from 14 days to 6-month, while at 445 nm there was a significant decrease at 6-month compared to the control (P < .05). EPT showed a significant decrease in pain threshold levels at 660 nm and 970 nm at 3- and 6-month, while 445 nm showed a significant decrease at 6-month compared to the control (P < .05). The mean tubular diameter at 445 nm decreased, with no significant difference from the control, whereas a significant decrease was found at 660 nm and 970 nm compared to the control (P < .05). CONCLUSIONS: Prior to composite restoration in symptomatic NCCLs, diode lasers with a wavelength of 660 nm showed the highest reduction in sensitivity, followed by 970 nm, whereas 445 nm diode lasers showed the least reduction. Additionally, diode lasers with wavelengths of 660 and 970 nm reduced the width of the dentinal tubules (DT) without inducing melting, as viewed under SEM.


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas , Restauração Dentária Permanente , Sensibilidade da Dentina , Dentina , Lasers Semicondutores , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Humanos , Feminino , Restauração Dentária Permanente/métodos , Sensibilidade da Dentina/radioterapia , Lasers Semicondutores/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Masculino , Terapia com Luz de Baixa Intensidade/métodos , Colo do Dente/patologia , Adulto Jovem , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
6.
Arch Oral Biol ; 163: 105981, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38669743

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: An ex-vivo study was aimed at (i) programming clinically validated robot three-year random toothbrushing, (ii) evaluating cervical macro- and microwear patterns on all tooth groups of different functional age, (iii) documenting and codificating wear related morphological features at the cemento-enamel junction in young teeth and on roots in older teeth. DESIGN: Following ethical approval random toothbrushing (44 strokes per tooth horizontally, rotating, vertically; 2x/d) with manual toothbrushes and low-abrasive dentifrice was performed in an artificial oral cavity with brushing-force 3.5 N on 14 extracted human teeth. Morphological features were examined by SEM at baseline and after simulated 3 years using the replication technique. 3D-SEM analyses were carried out with a four-quadrant back scattered electron detector. Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney-test was used for statistical analyses. RESULTS: 3-year random toothbrushing with horizontal, rotating and vertical brushing movements revealed morphological features classified as four enamel patterns, one dentin pattern and three cervical patterns. Negative impacts were enamel, cementum and dentin loss. Positive impact on oral health was removing dental calculus and straightening cervical traumatic and iatrogenic damages. The volume loss varied from x̅=34.25nl to x̅=87.75nl. Wear extended apically from 100 to 1500 micrometres. CONCLUSION: Robot simulated toothbrushing in an artificial oral cavity, with subsequent SEM and 3D-SEM assessment, elucidated both negative and oral health-contributing micromorphology patterns of cervical wear after simulated 3-year random toothbrushing. Cervical macro- and microwear of cementum revealed, for the first time, what we describe as overhanging enamel peninsulas and enamel islands on roots in young teeth, but no enamel islands on roots from older teeth after root cementum loss. In contrast, many older teeth exhibited enamel peninsulas.


Assuntos
Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Robótica , Colo do Dente , Desgaste dos Dentes , Escovação Dentária , Humanos , Desgaste dos Dentes/etiologia , Colo do Dente/patologia , Esmalte Dentário , Cemento Dentário/patologia , Dentina , Dentifrícios , Técnicas In Vitro
7.
BMC Oral Health ; 24(1): 436, 2024 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38600486

RESUMO

The anatomy of furcation favours the bacterial retention and makes periodontal debridement as well as oral hygiene procedures difficult. Teeth that have lost attachment to a level of the furcation are said to have a furcal invasion or furcation involved.Involvement of furcation in a multi-rooted tooth poses a very different type of clinical situation in terms of establishment of diagnosis, determination of prognosis and of course planning the treatment modality.The present study was carried out on 200 selected extracted human first and second permanent molar teeth based on a predefined criteria. Teeth with prosthetic crowns, fused or fractured roots, those not fully developed, grossly carious or heavily restored at the cementoenamel junction (CEJ) were excluded from the study. The morphology of the root trunk was recorded by measuring various dimensions of the root trunk,including furcal angle and root trunk volume was calculated by using a custom made special apparatus. The furcation areas were debrided with different types of curettes in the market in order to see how best the instrument could be maneuvered in the furcation area. The data so obtained was statistically analysed using SPSS version 22. The highest root trunk volume and the longest root trunk length were found to be in the maxillary second molar. 48.60% furcations didn't allow instrument engagementof furcation area with standard area specific curettes. The proposal of inclusion of root trunk length (mm) is suggested in addition to classification of FI to have assess prognosis and appropriate treatment for of the involved tooth.


Assuntos
Defeitos da Furca , Raiz Dentária , Humanos , Raiz Dentária/anatomia & histologia , Dente Molar/cirurgia , Dente Molar/anatomia & histologia , Colo do Dente , Prognóstico , Biometria , Defeitos da Furca/cirurgia , Defeitos da Furca/diagnóstico
8.
Lasers Med Sci ; 39(1): 98, 2024 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38583109

RESUMO

AIM: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy of 30°-angled Er:YAG laser tip and different periodontal instruments on root surface roughness and morphology in vitro. METHODS: Eighteen bovine teeth root without carious lesion were decoronated from the cementoenamel junction and seperated longitidunally. A total of 36 obtained blocks were mounted in resin blocks and polished with silicon carbide papers under water irrigation. These blocks were randomly assigned into 3 treatment groups. In Group 1, 30°-angled Er:YAG laser (2.94 µm) tip was applied onto the blocks with a 20 Hz, 120 mJ energy output under water irrigation for 20 s. In Groups 2 and 3, the same treatment was applied to the blocks with new generation ultrasonic tip and conventional curette apico-coronally for 20 s with a sweeping motion. Surface roughness and morphology were evaluated before and after instrumentation with a profilometer and SEM, respectively. RESULTS: After instrumentation, profilometric analysis revealed significantly higher roughness values compared to baseline in all treatment groups(p < 0.05). Laser group revealed the roughest surface morphology followed by conventional curette and new generation ultrasonic tip treatment groups (p < 0.05). In SEM analysis, irregular surfaces and crater defects were seen more frequently in the laser group. CONCLUSION: Results of the study showed that the use of new generation ultrasonic tip was associated with smoother surface morphology compared to 30°-angled Er-YAG laser tip and conventional curette. Further in vitro and in vivo studies with an increased sample size are necessary to support the present study findings.


Assuntos
Lasers de Estado Sólido , Animais , Bovinos , Lasers de Estado Sólido/uso terapêutico , Projetos de Pesquisa , Tamanho da Amostra , Colo do Dente , Água
9.
J Dent ; 144: 104930, 2024 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38471581

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This 24-month, double-blind, split-mouth randomized clinical trial aimed to compare the retention rates of a preheated thermoviscous composite resin (PHT) compared to a non-heated composite resin (NHT) in non-carious cervical lesions (NCCLs). METHODS: A total of 120 restorations were restored on NCCLs using a preheated (VisCalor bulk, Voco GmbH) and a non-heated (Admira Fusion, Voco GmbH) composite resins with 60 restorations per group. A universal adhesive in the selective enamel conditioning was applied. In the PHT group, composite was heated at 68 °C for using a bench heater. In the NHT group, no heating was employed. Both restorative materials were dispensed into caps and inserted into the NCCLs. The restorations were evaluated at baseline, 6, 12, 18, and after 24 months of clinical service using the FDI criteria. Statistical analysis was performed with Kaplan-Meier estimation analysis for retention/fracture rate and Chi-square test for the other FDI parameters (α=0.05). RESULTS: After 24 months 108 restorations were assessed. Seven restorations were lost (two for PHT group and five for NHT group), and the retention rates (95 % confidence interval [CI]) were 96.7 % (81.5-99.9) for PHT group and 90.8 % (81.1-96.0) for NHT group, with no statistical differences between them (p > 0.05). The hazard ratio (95 % CI) was 0.52 (0.27 to 1.01), with no significant difference within groups. In terms of all other FDI parameters that were assessed, all restorations were deemed clinically acceptable. CONCLUSIONS: Both composites showed high rates of retention rates after 24 months. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: The clinical performance of the new preheated thermoviscous was found to be as good as the non-heated composite after 24-month of clinical evaluation in non-carious cervical lesions. REGISTRATION OF CLINICAL TRIALS: RBR-6d6gxxz.


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas , Restauração Dentária Permanente , Temperatura Alta , Colo do Dente , Humanos , Resinas Compostas/química , Resinas Compostas/uso terapêutico , Restauração Dentária Permanente/métodos , Feminino , Método Duplo-Cego , Masculino , Colo do Dente/patologia , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Materiais Dentários/química , Falha de Restauração Dentária , Adulto Jovem , Sensibilidade da Dentina , Cimentos de Resina/química , Seguimentos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Resultado do Tratamento , Propriedades de Superfície , Erosão Dentária/terapia
10.
J Dent ; 144: 104894, 2024 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38521238

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is prognostic assessment of surface smoothness and the presence of internal bubbles after treatment of non-cancerous cervical lesions (NCCLs) using optical coherence tomography (OCT). METHODS: After treatment with NCCLs, cross-sectional images of the lesion parts of the sample were non-invasively acquired and analyzed. The surface smoothness between tooth and resin, resin and cemento-enamel junction, and the presence bubble inside resin was confirmed. In addition, using an algorithm that distinguishes between resin and dental structure based on OCT cross-sectional images, we quantitatively analyzed the amount of resin used in treating NCCLs and acquired 3D images. RESULTS: The inner structure of the resin in each sample was checked, and the presence of bubbles was confirmed. In addition, the resin sections were separated from the tomographic images acquired by OCT to visualize 3D images. The volume of resin used in the treatment part of each NCCLs samples was quantitatively analyzed as 3.7216 ∼ 14.889 mm3. CONCLUSIONS: OCT is able to measure not only the surface abrasion provided by existing intraoral scanner, but also the size and depth location of interal bubbles, which is distinctive advantage of our method. Based on our results, OCT is a significant tool for qualitative and quantitative analysis of dental NCCLs treatment before and after treatment. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: The study used OCT, a non-destructive diagnostic, to reveal the structure of the resin and the location and size of bubbles after NCCLs treatment. These findings could be golden standard in determining the prognosis of NCCLs treatment.


Assuntos
Imageamento Tridimensional , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica , Colo do Dente , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica/métodos , Humanos , Colo do Dente/diagnóstico por imagem , Colo do Dente/patologia , Imageamento Tridimensional/métodos , Algoritmos , Propriedades de Superfície , Resinas Compostas/química , Resinas Compostas/uso terapêutico , Restauração Dentária Permanente/métodos
11.
BMC Oral Health ; 24(1): 370, 2024 Mar 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38519922

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Historically, the prevalence of caries has undergone significant changes, particularly increasing with the industrialization of sugar consumption. When examining ancient populations, lower caries rates are discovered, attributed in part to dietary factors. These populations consumed abrasive foods, leading to occlusal wear and reduced non-axial occlusal forces, potentially influencing Non-Carious Cervical Lesions (NCCLs). Although some attribute NCCLs to abfraction, the mechanism remains debated. This systematic review aims to evaluate the presence of NCCLs in ancient populations, shedding light on the factors contributing to their occurrence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present systematic review was registered on PROSPERO, and the manuscript was prepared following PRISMA guidelines. RESULTS: After the literature search and article screening, data from 6 studies were included in the meta-analysis, with only 2 reporting NCCLs in ancient skulls, encopassing 17 subjects in 805 examined skulls, suggesting their presence even before the widespread use of toothbrushes. This finding indicates a potential etiopathogenic mechanism linked to abfraction, but the cause is complex and involves abrasive and erosive factors closely tied to dietary habits. CONCLUSIONS: In summary, NCCLs were present in ancient populations, albeit with a much lower prevalence. Their occurrence cannot be solely attributed to wear mechanisms but must be connected to abrasive factors related to diet or practices with religious and cultural significance, such as the use of labrets. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Th the knowledge of NCCLs presence in acient sculls is crucial today for better understand the associated risk factors. In this context, the analysis of ancient skulls allows us to discern the role that tooth brushing and diet played in the formation of NCCLs, over the past century.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Atrito Dentário , Doenças Dentárias , Adulto , Humanos , Colo do Dente/patologia , Atrito Dentário/epidemiologia , Cárie Dentária/patologia , Fatores de Risco
12.
Clin Oral Investig ; 28(3): 207, 2024 Mar 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38459231

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the clinical performance of a glass hybrid (GH) restorative and a nano-ceramic composite resin (CR) in the restoration of non-carious cervical lesions (NCCLs) of bruxist individuals in a 60-month randomized clinical trial. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-five bruxist candidates having NCCLs were recruited in this clinical study. The depth, height (cervico-incisal), width (mesio-distal), internal angles of the NCCLs, degree of tooth wear (TWI) and gingival index (GI) were measured. One hundred-and-forty-eight NCCLs were restored either with a GH restorative (Equia Forte Fil) or a CR (Ceram.X One Universal). Modified USPHS criteria was used to evaluate restorations after 1 week and 12, 24, 36 and 60 months. Pearson's Chi-Square, Fisher's Exact and Cochran Q tests were run for analysis. Survival rates of the restorations were compared with Kaplan-Meier analysis (p < 0.05). RESULTS: After 60 months, 97 restorations in 15 patients were examined. The recall rate was 60.0%. Retention rates were 73.5% for CR and 66.7% for GH. A total of 29 restorations were lost (13CR (26.5%), 16GH (33.3%)). There was not a significant difference between tested restoratives in retention (p = 0.464), marginal adaptation (p = 0.856) and marginal discoloration (p = 0.273). There was no relationship between internal angle, depth, height or width and retention of the GH or CR restorations (p > 0.05). The increase in retention loss and marginal discoloration of both restorations over time were significant (p < 0.001). Sensitivity or secondary caries were not detected after 60 months. CONCLUSION: GH and nano-ceramic CR showed similar clinical performances in NCCLs after 60 months in patients with bruxism. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: After 60 months, CR and GH materials showed clinically acceptable performances in restoration of NCCLs in patients with bruxism.


Assuntos
Bruxismo , Cárie Dentária , Humanos , Restauração Dentária Permanente , Colo do Dente/patologia , Resinas Compostas , Cárie Dentária/patologia , Adaptação Marginal Dentária , Cimentos de Resina
13.
J Oral Rehabil ; 51(7): 1184-1192, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38532285

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It is still discussed whether occlusal wear (OW) affects the formation of non-carious cervical lesions (NCCLs). OBJECTIVE: To estimate effects of OW on the presence and development of NCCLs, using 16-year follow-up data from a cohort study. METHODS: Occlusal and cervical defects were measured in 728 cast models (one from the upper jaw and one from the lower jaw) of 364 participants. Adjusted mixed-effects ordinal logistic models analysing estimated cross-sectional (N = 1308 teeth/291 subjects) and longitudinal (N = 718 teeth/226 subjects) associations of OW with NCCLs using tooth level data. RESULTS: OW size was cross-sectionally (OR = 1.74; 95% CI: 1.27-2.38 for OW size; OR = 0.97; 95% CI: 0.94-0.99 for squared OW size), but not longitudinally (OR = 1.14; 95% CI: 0.99-1.30) associated with odds of higher NCCL sizes. For cross-sectional analyses, predicted probabilities of an NCCL size of 0 decreased from about 0.996 to 0.010 for OW sizes of 0 to 25. CONCLUSION: Results suggest an association between OW and NCCL size. However, as longitudinal results were non-significant, while consistent in direction, large-scaled cohort studies are demanded to more precisely estimate effect strength.


Assuntos
Progressão da Doença , Humanos , Feminino , Masculino , Estudos Transversais , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Estudos Longitudinais , Colo do Dente/patologia , Desgaste dos Dentes/patologia , Adulto , Seguimentos , Idoso
14.
Arch Oral Biol ; 162: 105945, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38460485

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to carry out a systematic review of observational studies searching the association between salivary factors (amount and quality of saliva) and noncarious cervical lesions (NCCL) in individuals with permanent dentition. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, case-control, and cohort studies performed in humans with permanent dentition (population) and considering noncarious cervical lesions (outcome) in association with salivary characteristics (exposure) were included. PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane, LILACS/BBO, Scopus, Embase, IBCT, NICE, OpenGrey, and Google Scholar were searched, with no language or date restrictions. Of 6561 potentially eligible studies, 142 were selected for full-text analysis. Three reviewers independently selected the studies, performed data extraction, and quality analysis through the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale. RESULTS: Finally, ten references were included in the review, four case-control and six cross-sectional studies. Several salivary parameters were evaluated. Some parameters were considered associated with the presence of noncarious cervical lesions: salivary buffering capacity, salivary pH, citric acid, and calcium and potassium levels. The methodological quality varied across studies, with high heterogeneity among them. CONCLUSIONS: Some associations between saliva and NCCL suggesting protective factors and others risk factors were found. However, the evidence is sparse and comes from a few studies with great heterogeneity. New scientific evidence, with standardized methods, should be encouraged. Understanding salivary parameters that influence the occurrence of NCCL is important to guide dentists in relation to etiological factors that could potentially be neglected. The results may help in the development of new and early diagnostic methods and treatments for noncarious cervical lesions.


Assuntos
Dentição Permanente , Colo do Dente , Humanos , Estudos Transversais , Estudos Observacionais como Assunto
15.
J Endod ; 50(5): 637-643, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38360092

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Pericervical root dentin is decisive for the long-term mechanical integrity of root-filled teeth. Current treatment protocol does not include a customized step to determine the pretreatment residual pericervical root dentin. OBJECTIVE: To determine and compare the residual root dentin and canal width using digital periapical radiography (DPR) and cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) at the apical limit of the pericervical area (PCA) in mandibular first molars. METHODS: DPR and CBCT images of 60 patients with age between 22 and 76 years were used to determine (a) the mesiodistal widths of the root canal (pericervical dimensions [PCL]-C) and the root (PCL-R) of mandibular first molars at the apical limit of the PCA and (b) the intracanal distance from the apical limit of the PCA to the radiographic apex (intracanal distance [ICD]). The correlation between the PCL and ICD measurements obtained from DPR and CBCT were evaluated. RESULTS: Values between 0.10-0.80 mm and 0.00-1.10 mm were obtained for PCL-C using DPR and CBCT respectively (95% CI). The PCL values between 0.90-2.30 mm and 0.00-2.30 mm were obtained from DPR and CBCT respectively (95% CI). The ICD ranged between 4.6-12.3 mm in DPR and 4.40-12.0 mm in CBCT (95% CI). The comparative analysis showed differences from -0.9 to 0.5 mms for PCL and -2.00 to 1.5 mms for ICD between DPR and CBCT techniques respectively. CONCLUSION: The PCL and ICD determined from DPR and CBCT provided the pericervical dentin metrics that could be utilized clinically as a guideline for decision-making in endodontic treatment.


Assuntos
Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Dentina , Mandíbula , Dente Molar , Radiografia Dentária Digital , Humanos , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico/métodos , Dente Molar/diagnóstico por imagem , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto , Mandíbula/diagnóstico por imagem , Idoso , Dentina/diagnóstico por imagem , Radiografia Dentária Digital/métodos , Adulto Jovem , Masculino , Feminino , Cavidade Pulpar/diagnóstico por imagem , Cavidade Pulpar/anatomia & histologia , Raiz Dentária/diagnóstico por imagem , Raiz Dentária/anatomia & histologia , Colo do Dente/diagnóstico por imagem
16.
Clin Anat ; 37(3): 353-365, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38348736

RESUMO

Cervical enamel projections (CEPs) represent a unique developmental and anatomical anomaly wherein the enamel structure extends apically beyond the cemento-enamel junction of the tooth. In this scoping review, the existing literature on CEPs was evaluated to delineate their characteristics, prevalence, predilection for specific teeth and surfaces, clinical significance, and management approaches. Searches were conducted on MEDLINE (PubMed), Cochrane Library, and Embase databases using the keywords "enamel projection(s)" or "ectopic enamel." In total, 24 studies meeting inclusion criteria were included in the review. The prevalence of CEPs varied widely (8.3%-85.1%), predominantly manifesting as grade I or grade III. Mandibular first and second molars exhibited a higher incidence of CEPs, with a notable predilection for buccal surfaces. The consensus in most studies was that CEPs are associated with localized periodontal diseases. Recommendations inclined toward the removal of ectopic enamel during periodontal surgery to enhance periodontal attachment formation. However, decision-making should involve careful consideration of the benefits and drawbacks based on individual circumstances.


Assuntos
Defeitos da Furca , Humanos , Defeitos da Furca/complicações , Defeitos da Furca/cirurgia , Dente Molar , Colo do Dente/anormalidades , Pescoço , Esmalte Dentário
17.
J Dent ; 140: 104800, 2024 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38056759

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This double-blind, split mouth randomized clinical trial aimed to assess the clinical performance of Clearfil Universal Bond Quick (CBUq) universal adhesive under different application times (no waiting and waiting) compared to Clearfil SE Bond adhesive in non-carious cervical lesions (NCCLs) over 18 months. METHODS: One hundred and eighty-three restorations were distributed randomly into three groups based on the adhesive system and waiting time: CUBq without waiting time (CUBq-NW), CUBq with a 20 s waiting time (CUBq-W), and CSE with a 20 s waiting time. After placement, restorations were evaluated after 18 months using the International Dental Federation (FDI) and United States Public Health Service (USPHS) criteria. Statistical analyses involved Friedman repeated measures analysis of variance and Wilcoxon tests, with a significance level set at 5 %. RESULTS: Over the 18-month period, no restorations were lost across the tested groups. Marginal adaptation evaluation indicated minor discrepancies in 21 restorations (8 CUBq-NW, 6 CUBq-W, and 7 CSE). There were no significant differences observed among the three groups following the 18-month clinical assessment (p > 0.05). Only two restorations showed marginal discoloration after 18 months (1 CUBq-NW and 1 CSE). CONCLUSIONS: The application of Clearfil Universal Bond Quick using either the "waiting" or "no-waiting" technique exhibited excellent clinical results in NCCLs during the 18-month follow-up period, demonstrating comparable performance to Clearfil SE Bond in all assessed outcomes. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: The findings suggest that the new universal adhesive applied using the no-waiting technique demonstrates promising clinical performance when compared to conventional application methods. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov identifer RBR-69p7mpr.


Assuntos
Cimentos Dentários , Adesivos Dentinários , Cimentos Dentários/uso terapêutico , Resinas Compostas/química , Restauração Dentária Permanente/métodos , Cimentos de Resina/química , Boca , Colo do Dente/patologia , Adaptação Marginal Dentária
18.
J Endod ; 50(2): 164-172.e1, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37977218

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of external cervical resorption (ECR) and characterize the cases of ECR using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT). METHODS: High-resolution CBCT scans of 6216 patients (2280 males and 3936 females), consecutively acquired during the period July 2021 to March 2022, were analyzed. Identified cases of ECR were characterized by 3 evaluators regarding lesion height, circumferential spread, portal of entry proximity to root canal, stage, location, and width. RESULTS: In a total of 38 patients and 40 teeth, ECR cases demonstrated an incidence of 0.61%. The median age of the patients was 39 years. Prevalence of ERC was 0.78% among males and 0.50% among females. The most affected teeth were the maxillary incisors and canines. The most frequent characteristics of the lesion were: extension up to the cervical third (47.5%), more than 270° circumferential spread (42.55%), probable pulpal involvement (57.5%), progressive stage (65%), supracrestal (52.1%) and mesial (34.7%) localization of >1 mm in size (52.1%) portals of entry. Cases with greater longitudinal involvement also showed greater circumferential progression (P = .008). There was no association between portal of entry location and bone crest or ECR reparative phase (P = .42). Inter-rater agreement ranged from good to very good. No association between portal of entry and ECR progression was observed. CONCLUSIONS: ECR showed low prevalence in the Brazilian population, affecting mostly anterior maxillary teeth of patients within a wide age range. CBCT allowed characterization of ECR lesions with good interobserver agreement.


Assuntos
Reabsorção da Raiz , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Adulto , Reabsorção da Raiz/diagnóstico por imagem , Reabsorção da Raiz/epidemiologia , Reabsorção da Raiz/etiologia , Prevalência , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico/métodos , Colo do Dente/diagnóstico por imagem , Colo do Dente/patologia , Incisivo/patologia
19.
J Dent ; 142: 104823, 2024 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38145806

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of prolonged (P) polymerization time of a universal adhesive system applied in etch-and-rinse (ER) or self-etch (SE) strategies on the clinical performance of restorations in non-carious cervical lesions (NCCLs), after 36 months of clinical service. METHODS: A total of 140 restorations were randomly placed in 35 subjects according to the polymerization time groups: ER (10 s); ER-P (40 s); SE (10 s); and SE-P (40 s) at 1,200 mW/cm2. Composite resin was placed incrementally. The restorations were evaluated immediately and after 6, 12, 18, and 36 months using the FDI criteria. Data were analyzed using the Kaplan-Meier survival test for retention loss, and the Kruskal-Wallis' test for secondary outcomes (α = 0.05). RESULTS: After 36 months, 19 restorations were lost: ER 6, ER-P 2, SE 9, SE-P 2. The retention rates were 82.3% for ER; 94.1 % for ER-P; 73.5 % for SE; and 94.1 % for SE-P, with a significant difference between ER vs. ER-P and SE vs. SE-P, as well as ER vs. SE-P and ER-P vs. SE (p < 0.0001). Minor defects were observed in 18 restorations for the marginal staining criteria: ER 5, ER-P 2, SE 8, SE-P 3; and in 33 restorations for the marginal adaptation criteria: ER 11, ER-P 4, SE 12, and SE-P 6 (p > 0.05). No restorations showed recurrence of caries or postoperative sensitivity. CONCLUSIONS: A prolonged polymerization time of 40 s improves the clinical performance of the universal adhesive for both adhesive strategies evaluated, even after 36 months. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Prolonging the polymerization time of a universal adhesive from 10 to 40 s has been shown to improve its clinical performance when used in NCCLs.


Assuntos
Cimentos Dentários , Adesivos Dentinários , Humanos , Resinas Compostas/uso terapêutico , Adaptação Marginal Dentária , Falha de Restauração Dentária , Restauração Dentária Permanente , Adesivos Dentinários/uso terapêutico , Polimerização , Cimentos de Resina/uso terapêutico , Colo do Dente/patologia , Método Duplo-Cego
20.
BMC Oral Health ; 23(1): 971, 2023 12 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38057794

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To measure adequate enamel thickness of maxillary incisors in planning enamel reduction for a porcelain laminate veneer restoration in relation to chronological age and sex by using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) in an Iraqi subpopulation. METHODS: From 81 CBCT images, 324 maxillary incisors were examined. Enamel thickness was measured at both mesial and distal regions of the tooth in three different levels: cervical, middle, and incisal (occlusal) 1/3 at a sagittal section. Measurements were made for the following tooth areas using CBCT: facial enamel thickness at 1, 3, and 5 mm from the cementoenamel junction (CEJ), palatal enamel thickness at 5 mm from the CEJ (5 mm P), facial and palatal enamel thickness at the incisal edge (IFP), mid incisal enamel thickness (IET), and the incisal edge enamel-pulp distance (IEPD). Relationships of enamel thickness with age and sex were evaluated using Independent t-test, Mann-Whitney U-test and the Pearson correlation coefficient, a simple linear regression analysis used for statistical analysis. RESULTS: Significant differences (P < 0.05) were found in terms of an inverse association between enamel thickness and chronological age at all measurements above the CEJ and the regression model for the mid-incisal enamel thickness was (R2 of 0.4). In contrast, there was an increase in IFP, palatal, and IPED enamel thickness with age. Also, significant differences were found in enamel thickness between males and females, the enamel being thicker in females in relation to facial enamel thickness, enamel palatal thickness above CEJ and IET, while for IEPD, the enamel thickness was greater in males compared to females. CONCLUSION: The measurements for enamel thickness outcome variables in relation to chronological age revealed significant differences for each measured distance and there were statistically significant differences in enamel thickness between males and females at all measurements except at IFP. These results demonstrate that CBCT can be used for noninvasive, accurate measurements of enamel thickness in both sex.


Assuntos
Incisivo , Maxila , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Incisivo/diagnóstico por imagem , Maxila/diagnóstico por imagem , Esmalte Dentário/diagnóstico por imagem , Colo do Dente , Materiais Dentários , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico/métodos
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