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2.
Health Educ Res ; 37(2): 133-141, 2022 03 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35257144

RESUMO

This study aimed to assess the impact of health education on the caring practices of low-birthweight (LBW) infant mothers in Central Jakarta, Indonesia. A quasi-experiment design with a pretest-post-test control group model was conducted on 159 mothers (78 in the intervention group and 81 in the control group) of LBW infants treated in the perinatology ward of three hospitals in Central Jakarta. Provision of health education to mothers of LBW infants consisted of counselling sessions and one-on-one visits provided by primary health centre nurses. Data were collected four times consecutively over 6 weeks. A generalized estimating equation model with a linear link function was employed to examine LBW infant practice score changes due to intervention and other influential factors at four time points. Results: The LBW infant care practice scores were higher in the intervention group than in the control group at each measurement point. After controlling for maternal attitudes, LBW infant health education increased mothers' infant care practices at 2, 6 and 12 weeks by 2.179, 2.803 and 2.981 points, respectively, and reduced infant morbidity. Six weeks of health education had an effective impact on mothers' home LBW infant care practices and infant health status.


Assuntos
Recém-Nascido de Baixo Peso , Mães , Peso ao Nascer , Criança , Feminino , Educação em Saúde , Humanos , Indonésia , Lactente , Cuidado do Lactente , Recém-Nascido
3.
BMC Pediatr ; 22(1): 127, 2022 03 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35277144

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Early essential newborn care (EENC) was introduced to medical practice in China in 2016, but the number of medical institutions that have put EENC into practice remains low due to insufficient clinical evidence and the absence of awareness among health professionals. This study aimed to explore the effect of EENC on physiological variables and sleep state among newborn infants and to provide evidence to support the implementation of EENC. METHODS: A quasi-experimental design was conducted among 182 newborn infants in a tertiary maternity hospital in China from May 2020 to January 2021. A total of 91 newborn infants were included in the intervention group, and 91 were included in the control group to receive EENC or routine birth care, respectively. RESULTS: The newborn infants in the intervention group had a lower incidence of hypothermia than those in the control group at 75 min, 90 min, 105 min, and 120 min after birth (p < 0.05). The time of first breathing after birth in the intervention group was earlier than that in the control group (5 s vs. 7 s, p < 0.05), and the infants had a better sleep state at 30 min, 60 min, 90 min, and 120 min after birth (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: EENC can decrease the incidence of hypothermia, promote the initiation of breathing, and improve the sleep state among newborn infants compared to routine birth care in China. More coaching should be provided to health professionals to promote the implementation of EENC in China. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Chinese Clinical Trial Registry, Retrospective Registration (27/7/2021), registration number: ChiCTR2100049231 .


Assuntos
Hipotermia , Cuidado do Lactente , Sono , Feminino , Humanos , Hipotermia/epidemiologia , Cuidado do Lactente/métodos , Recém-Nascido , Parto , Gravidez , Projetos de Pesquisa
4.
PLoS One ; 17(2): e0264612, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35213657

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The continuum of care for maternal and newborn health is a systematic approach for delivery of an integrated effective package of life-saving interventions throughout pregnancy, childbirth, and postpartum as well as across levels of service delivery to women and newborns. Nonetheless, in low-income countries, coverage of these interventions across the life cycle continuum is low. This study examined the predictors of utilization of maternal and newborn health care services along the continuum of care in Ethiopia. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional population-based study. We measured maternal and newborn health care utilization practices among women who had live births in the last 12 months preceding the survey in Amhara, Oromia, SNNP, and Tigray regions of Ethiopia. We fitted multilevel random-effects logistic regression models to examine the predictors of the continuum of care accounting for the survey design, and individual, and contextual characteristics of the respondents. RESULTS: Our analysis revealed that only one-fifth of women utilized maternal and newborn health services across the antepartum, intrapartum, and postpartum continuum; most women discontinued at the postpartum stage. Continued use of services varied significantly across wealth, model family, prenatal stay at maternity waiting homes, antenatal care in the first trimester, complete antenatal care service, and the administrative region at all antepartum, intrapartum, and postpartum stages. Moreover, family conversation during pregnancy [AOR: 2.12; 95% CI: 1.56-2.88], delivery by cesarean [AOR: 2.70; 95% CI: 1.82-4.02] and birth notified to health extension workers [AOR: 1.95; 95% CI: 1.56-2.43] were found to be predictors of the continuum of care at the postpartum stage. CONCLUSION: In Ethiopia, despite good access to antepartum care, compliance with continuity of care across the pathway decreased with significant inequitable distributions, the poorest segment of the population being at most disadvantage. The main modifiable program factors connected to the continued uptake of maternal health services include family conversation, pregnant women conference, complete antenatal care, antenatal care in the first trimester, and birth notification.


Assuntos
Continuidade da Assistência ao Paciente , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Etiópia , Feminino , Humanos , Cuidado do Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Modelos Logísticos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mães/psicologia , Análise Multinível , Cuidado Pós-Natal , Gravidez , Cuidado Pré-Natal , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
5.
Comput Math Methods Med ; 2022: 9927805, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35103074

RESUMO

The effect of skin-to-skin contact (SSC) on postpartum depression and physical rehabilitation of cesarean section women was explored. 280 parturients undergoing cesarean section were selected and were rolled into two groups randomly. The parturients in the control group (Con group, 140 cases) received routine care, and those in the experimental group (Exp group, 140 cases) received SSC on the basis of routine care. The postpartum depression and physical recovery of parturients in two groups were compared. It was found that, in the Exp group, the number of pregnant women with no or with very mild depression was much more 85% vs. 55%), the number of women with adequate lactation was more (53 cases vs. 27 cases), the first lactation time (FLT) was dramatically shorter (41.25 ± 4.81 h vs. 58.43 ± 5.43 h), the breastfeeding success rate (BFSR) and breastfeeding rate (BFR) were obvious higher, the days for uterine involution was much shorter (6.96 ± 1.13 days vs. 9.47 ± 1.75 days), the descent of uterine fundus 24 hours after delivery (24 h-DUF) was obviously larger (3.17 ± 0.26 mm vs. 1.56 ± 0.43 mm), the duration of lochia (DOL) was remarkably shorter (33.21 ± 5.32 days vs. 25.32 ± 3.54 days), and the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) score was lower (4.88 ± 0.32 points vs. 3.41 ± 0.53 points), showing statistical differences for all above indicators (P < 0.05). It suggested that SSC could effectively relieve the postpartum depression of uterine parturients, promote the lactation, increase the BFR, facilitate uterine involution, and alleviate chronic uterine inflammation and postpartum pain, showing high clinical application and promotion value.


Assuntos
Cesárea/efeitos adversos , Depressão Pós-Parto/terapia , Relações Mãe-Filho/psicologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/terapia , Adulto , Aleitamento Materno , Cesárea/psicologia , China , Biologia Computacional , Depressão Pós-Parto/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Cuidado do Lactente/métodos , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Unidade Hospitalar de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia , Cuidado Pós-Natal/métodos , Cuidado Pós-Natal/psicologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Gravidez , Adulto Jovem
6.
Nurs Res ; 71(3): 241-249, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35149629

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mothers' engagement with their hospitalized preterm infant(s) is recognized as an important aspect of treatment in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). However, no gold standard exists for measuring maternal engagement, and the various methods used to measure mothers' time have documented limitations. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to compare three measurement methods of maternal engagement (a five-item maternal cross-sectional survey, time use diaries, and electronic health records [EHRs]) to identify whether these methods capture consistent data and patterns in detected differences in measures of engagement. METHODS: Maternal engagement was defined as time spent visiting the infant in the NICU (presence), holding (blanket holding in the mother's arms or by kangaroo care [KC]), and caregiving (e.g., bathing and changing diapers). The survey estimating daily maternal engagement was administered in two Level III NICUs and one Level IV NICU at study enrollment, at least 2 weeks after admission. Mothers then completed the daily time use diaries until infant discharge. Data were also collected from participants' EHRs, charted by nursing staff. Wilcoxon signed-rank tests were used for pairwise analysis of the three measures for maternal engagement activities. RESULTS: A total of 146 participants had data across all three measurement types and were included in the analysis. In the Level III NICUs (n = 101), EHR data showed significantly more time spent with all engagement activities than the diary data. In the Level IV data, only differences in time holding were significant when comparing EHR data with survey data, with mothers reporting more time doing KC and less time blanket holding. Comparison of EHR data with diary data showed more time in all activities except KC. DISCUSSION: In most cases, time spent in engagement activities measured in the EHR was higher than in the surveys or time use diaries. Accuracy of measurements could not be determined because of limitations in data collection, and there is no gold standard for comparison. Nevertheless, findings contribute to ongoing efforts to develop the most valuable and accurate strategies for measuring maternal engagement-a significant predictor of maternal and infant health.


Assuntos
Recém-Nascido Prematuro , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Cuidado do Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Mães
7.
J Transcult Nurs ; 33(3): 373-380, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35168441

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The purpose of the study was to explore experiences of immigrant Asian Indian women with pregnancy, childbirth, and infant care in the United States. METHODOLOGY: This study employed a qualitative descriptive approach using semi-structured interviews and followed COREQ (COnsolidated criteria for REporting Qualitative research) guidelines for reporting qualitative research. Nine immigrant Asian Indian mothers residing in the mid-Atlantic region of the United States participated in the study. RESULTS: Four themes emerged: experiencing cultural differences during the perinatal period in the United States, choosing the best perinatal practices for maternal and infant care, recognizing family as the main support system, and having positive experiences with health care providers. DISCUSSION: Findings of this study shed light on the need for culturally appropriate care, including proper assessment of Asian Indian mothers' sociocultural aspects and cultural preferences and provision of support and information needed during the perinatal period.


Assuntos
Emigrantes e Imigrantes , Mães , Criança , Parto Obstétrico , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Cuidado do Lactente , Parto , Gravidez , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Estados Unidos
8.
Breastfeed Med ; 17(4): 305-310, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35100039

RESUMO

Objective: Studies have shown that mothers sleeping with their babies have longer breastfeeding duration. Bedsharing (BS) is thought to be a risk factor for Sudden Infant Death Syndrome. The aim was to investigate the frequency of BS and roomsharing (RS) and the effect of those on breastfeeding during the first 2 years of life. Also to evaluate risk-bearing situations regarding sleep environment. Methods and Study Design: This is a cross-sectional study, with retrospective cohort features for the evaluation of some data. The setting was a Well-Child Clinic at Bakirköy Research and Training Hospital. The children were followed from the first month until survey. Feeding history was collected retrospectively from child health records. Parents were surveyed concerning sleeping location and sleeping arrangements with a questionnaire. The study encompassed 351 children and their families. Results: The rate of exclusive breastfeeding was found to be 50.2% for the first 6 months of life and BS increased in exclusively breastfed infants. When breastfeeding continued after 6 months, the trend of increased BS through months was observed. RS, BS, and breastsleeping rates were 80.6%, 22.8%, 56.1%, respectively, in the whole cohort. Working mothers and mothers >35 years of age were significantly more likely to bedshare. Cigarette smoking in BS parents was identified as a child health risk. Unsafe sleep environment was found in 72.4% of the group. Conclusions: BS increases breastfeeding for the first 6 months. Families need guidance on safe sleeping practices and should be advised regarding avoidable risks and unsafe situations in BS. Parents should be counseled to make informed decisions.


Assuntos
Aleitamento Materno , Morte Súbita do Lactente , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Cuidado do Lactente , Mães , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sono , Morte Súbita do Lactente/epidemiologia , Morte Súbita do Lactente/prevenção & controle
9.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 22(1): 37, 2022 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35034632

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Essential newborn care (ENC) is a package of interventions which should be provided for every newborn baby regardless of body size or place of delivery immediately after birth and should be continued for at least the seven days that follows. Even though Ethiopia has endorsed the implementation of ENC, as other many counties, it has been challenged. This study was conducted to measure the level of essential newborn care practice and identify health facility level attributes for consistent delivery of ENC services by health care providers. METHODS: This study employed a retrospective cross-sectional study design in 425 facilities. Descriptive statistics were formulated and presented in tables. Binary logistic regression was employed to assess the statistical association between the outcome variable and the independent variables. All variables with p < 0.2 in the bivariate analysis were identified as candidate variables. Then, multiple logistic regression analysis was performed using candidate variables to determine statistically significant predictors of the consistent delivery of ENC by adjusting for possible confounders. RESULTS: A total of 273, (64.2%), of facilities demonstrated consistent delivery of ENC. Five factors-availability of essential obstetrics drugs in delivery rooms, high community score card (CSC) performances, availability of maternity waiting homes, consistent partograph use, and availability of women-friendly delivery services were included in the model. The strongest predictor of consistent delivery of essential newborn care (CD-ENC) was consistent partograph use, recording an odds ratio of 2.66 (AOR = 2.66, 95%CI: 1.71, 4.13). Similarly, providing women-friendly services was strongly associated with increased likelihood of exhibiting CD-ENC. Furthermore, facilities with essential obstetric drugs had 1.88 (AOR = 1.88, 95%CI: 1.15, 3.08) times higher odds of exhibiting consistent delivery of ENC. CONCLUSION: The delivery of essential newborn care depends on both health provider and facility manager actions and availability of platforms to streamline relationships between the clients and health facility management.


Assuntos
Atenção à Saúde/normas , Instalações de Saúde/normas , Cuidado do Lactente , Assistência Perinatal , Estudos Transversais , Etiópia , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Estudos Retrospectivos
10.
JAMA Netw Open ; 5(1): e2144720, 2022 01 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35072721

RESUMO

Importance: During newborn hospitalization in the neonatal unit, fathers often feel anxious and excluded from their child's caregiving and decision-making. Few studies and interventions have focused on fathers' mental health and their participation in neonatal care. Objective: To study the association of a family integrated care (FICare) model (in single family rooms with complete couplet-care for the mother-newborn dyad) vs standard neonatal care (SNC) in open bay units with separate maternity care with mental health outcomes in fathers at hospital discharge of their preterm newborn and to study whether parent participation was a mediator of the association of the FICare model on outcomes. Design, Setting, and Participants: This prospective, multicenter cohort study was conducted from May 2017 to January 2020 as part of the fAMily Integrated Care in the Neonatal Ward Study, at level-2 neonatal units in the Netherlands (1 using the FICare model and 2 control sites using SNC). Participants included fathers of preterm newborns admitted to participating units. Data analysis was performed from January to April 2021. Exposure: FICare model in single family rooms with complete couplet-care for the mother-newborn dyad during maternity and/or neonatal care. Main Outcomes and Measures: Paternal mental health was measured using the Parental Stress Scale: NICU, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, Post-partum Bonding Questionnaire, Perceived (Maternal) Parenting Self-efficacy Scale, and satisfaction with care (EMpowerment of PArents in THe Intensive Care-Neonatology). Parent participation (CO-PARTNER tool) was assessed as a potential mediator of the association of the FICare model with outcomes with mediation analyses (prespecified). Results: Of 309 families included in the fAMily Integrated Care in the Neonatal Ward Study, 263 fathers (85%) agreed to participate; 126 fathers were enrolled in FICare and 137 were enrolled in SNC. In FICare, 89 fathers (71%; mean [SD] age, 35.1 [4.8] years) responded to questionnaires and were analyzed. In SNC, 93 fathers (68%; mean [SD] age, 36.4 [5.5] years) responded to questionnaires and were analyzed. Fathers in FICare experienced less stress (adjusted ß, -10.02; 95% CI, -15.91 to -4.13; P = .001) and had higher participation scores (adjusted odds ratio, 3.424; 95% CI, 0.860 to 5.988; P = .009) compared with those in SNC. Participation mediated the beneficial association of the FICare model with fathers' depressive symptoms (indirect effect, -0.051; 95% CI, -0.133 to -0.003) and bonding with their newborns (indirect effect, -0.082; 95% CI, -0.177 to -0.015). Conclusions and Relevance: These findings suggest that the FICare model is associated with decreased paternal stress at discharge and enables fathers to be present and participate more than SNC, thus improving paternal mental health. Supporting fathers to actively participate in all aspects of newborn care should be encouraged regardless of architectural design of the neonatal unit.


Assuntos
Terapia Familiar/métodos , Pai/psicologia , Cuidado do Lactente/métodos , Relações Pais-Filho , Pais/psicologia , Adulto , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Recém-Nascido Prematuro , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal , Masculino , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto , Relações Profissional-Família , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Matern Child Health J ; 26(5): 1059-1066, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34988864

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Sleep-related infant deaths in the District of Columbia (DC) varies, with rates in certain geographical areas three times higher than DC and seven times higher than the national average. We sought to understand differences in infant sleep knowledge, beliefs, and practices between families in high-risk infant mortality and low-risk infant mortality areas in DC. METHODS: Caregivers of infants presenting to the emergency department were surveyed. The associations between location and safe sleep knowledge, beliefs, and practices were analyzed. RESULTS: Two hundred and eighty-four caregivers were surveyed; 105 (37%) were from the high-risk infant mortality area. The majority (68%) of caregivers reported placing their infant to sleep on their backs, sleeping in a crib, bassinet, or pack and play (72%), and were familiar with the phrase "safe sleep" (72%). Caregivers from the high-risk infant mortality area were more likely to report that their infants sleep in homes other than their own (aOR 1.53; 95% CI 1.23, 2.81) and other people took care of their infants while sleeping (aOR 1.76; 95% CI 1.17, 3.19), adjusting for race/ethnicity, education, marital status, and help with childcare. No differences in safe sleep knowledge, beliefs, and practices were present. CONCLUSIONS FOR PRACTICE: Infants from the high-risk infant mortality area were more likely to sleep in homes other than their own and have other caretakers while sleeping. Lack of differences in caregiver awareness of safe sleep recommendation or practices suggests effective safe sleep messaging. Outreach to other caregivers and study of unmet barriers is needed.


Assuntos
Equipamentos para Lactente , Morte Súbita do Lactente , Criança , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Lactente , Cuidado do Lactente , Sono , Morte Súbita do Lactente/prevenção & controle , Decúbito Dorsal
13.
Matern Child Health J ; 26(1): 131-138, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34837599

RESUMO

AIM: This study aims to evaluate the effect of infant care training on maternal bonding, motherhood self-efficacy, and self-confidence in mothers of preterm newborns and examine the relationship between them. METHOD: The study was conducted experimentally with pre-test and post-test control groups in the Maternity Hospital. The population of the study consisted of late preterm newborns and their mothers (N = 81) who met the inclusion criteria of the study. Data was collected with an information form, a maternal bonding scale (MBS), a perceived maternal parenting self-efficacy scale (PMP-SE), and a Pharis self-confidence scale (PSCS). Mothers of the infants in the experimental group were given preterm infant care training as a nursing initiative. RESULTS: In the study, the post-test MBS scores significantly increased in the experimental group, with a significant difference between all the sub-dimensions and the total scores of the PMP-SE post-test of mothers in both groups (p < 0.001). The post-test PSCS scores were significantly higher in the experimental group (p < 0.01). The correlation between MBS and PMP-SE (p < 0.05) mean scores of the mothers was positive, a correlation between PMP-SE and PSCS (p < 0.001) mean scores was positive and a correlation between PSCS and MBS (p < 0.05) mean scores was positive. CONCLUSIONS: The existence of a directly proportional relationship between the variables of maternal bonding, motherhood self-efficacy, and self-confidence may mean that motherhood self-efficacy can be increased and motherhood self-confidence can be enhanced by supporting maternal bonding. Further studies starting from the prenatal period are recommended.


Assuntos
Mães , Autoeficácia , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Cuidado do Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Recém-Nascido Prematuro , Relações Mãe-Filho , Poder Familiar , Gravidez
14.
Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed ; 107(2): 166-173, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34281934

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of direct swallowing training (DST) alone and combined with oral sensorimotor stimulation (OSMS) on oral feeding ability in very preterm infants. DESIGN: Blinded, parallel group, randomised controlled trial (1:1:1). SETTING: Neonatal intensive care unit of a South Korean tertiary hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Preterm infants born at <32 weeks of gestation who achieved full tube feeding. INTERVENTIONS: Two sessions per day were provided according to the randomly assigned groups (control: two times per day sham intervention; DST: DST and sham interventions, each once a day; DST+OSMS: DST and OSMS interventions, each once a day). PRIMARY OUTCOME: Time from start to independent oral feeding (IOF). RESULTS: Analyses were conducted in 186 participants based on modified intention-to-treat (63 control; 63 DST; 60 DST+OSMS). The mean time from start to IOF differed significantly between the control, DST and DST+OSMS groups (21.1, 17.2 and 14.8 days, respectively, p=0.02). Compared with non-intervention, DST+OSMS significantly shortened the time from start to IOF (effect size: -0.49; 95% CI: -0.86 to -0.14; p=0.02), whereas DST did not. The proportion of feeding volume taken during the initial 5 min, an index of infants' actual feeding ability when fatigue is minimal, increased earlier in the DST+OSMS than in the DST. CONCLUSIONS: In very preterm infants, DST+OSMS led to the accelerated attainment of IOF compared with non-intervention, whereas DST alone did not. The effect of DST+OSMS on oral feeding ability appeared earlier than that of DST alone. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: ClinicalTrials.gov Registry (NCT02508571).


Assuntos
Deglutição/fisiologia , Cuidado do Lactente/métodos , Recém-Nascido Prematuro/fisiologia , Estimulação Física/métodos , Comportamento de Sucção/fisiologia , Comportamento Alimentar , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal , Contração Muscular/fisiologia , República da Coreia
15.
Breastfeed Med ; 17(2): 182-188, 2022 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34919408

RESUMO

Justification: Breastfeeding provides the best infant food, and closeness to the mother is crucial for successful breastfeeding. However, sharing parents' beds and sleeping on the stomach poses a high risk for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). There is little information on these practices regarding the Spanish population. Objective: To explore breastfeeding and bed-sharing practices in the study population Materials and Methods: A cross sectional observational study was conducted through an anonymous telephone survey with a representative random sample of babies born in the Health Area of La Marina Baixa, Alicante, between 2018 and 2019. A previous-day strategy was implemented to determine the feeding and bed-sharing variables. Results: The total breastfeeding and formula-feeding rates were 47.0% and 52.9%, respectively. The overall bed-sharing rate was 66.5%. The breastfeeding rate was 86.4% with bed-sharing and 13.6% without bed-sharing. The rate of prone sleeping position in children younger than 6 months of age was 9.3-3.5% with breastfeeding and 5.8% with formula feeding. Lower frequencies of tobacco, alcohol, and nonsupine sleeping positions were observed among mothers who practiced breastfeeding and bed-sharing. Conclusions: We found a close relationship between breastfeeding and bed-sharing and a lower frequency of SIDS risk factors associated with both practices. Families should be informed about the risk factors associated with SIDS to encourage safe bed-sharing while avoiding recommendations that discourage breastfeeding.


Assuntos
Morte Súbita do Lactente , Aleitamento Materno , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Cuidado do Lactente , Decúbito Ventral , Fatores de Risco , Sono , Morte Súbita do Lactente/epidemiologia , Morte Súbita do Lactente/etiologia , Morte Súbita do Lactente/prevenção & controle
16.
Infant Behav Dev ; 66: 101684, 2022 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34929477

RESUMO

Bedsharing is controversial for nighttime caregiving in the U.S. today, as in most of the West. However, from the standpoint of evolutionary pediatrics, anthropology, and cultural psychology, bedsharing is not controversial at all, representing the context for human infant evolution and conferring a host of physiological benefits to the infant as well as the mother. In an effort to understand the rise in Western bedsharing in recent decades (and following Ball, 2002; McKenna & Volpe, 2007), Salm Ward (2015) systematically reviewed the literature on mother-infant bedsharing and identified ten reasons why mothers choose to bedshare: (1) breastfeeding, (2) comforting for mother or infant, (3) better/more sleep for infant or parent, (4) monitoring, (5) bonding/ attachment, (6) environmental reasons, (7) crying, (8) cultural or familial traditions, (9) disagree with danger, and (10) maternal instinct. The current paper offers the "review behind the review," highlighting the scientific evidence behind the reasons mothers give for their decision to bedshare, focusing on how mothers' decisions about infant sleep location influence infant behavior and development.


Assuntos
Leitos , Mães , Aleitamento Materno , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Comportamento do Lactente , Cuidado do Lactente , Sono , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto
17.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 26(spe): e20210179, 2022. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1292850

RESUMO

Objetivo: O estudo objetivou compreender as repercussões da pandemia da Covid-19 no cuidado de lactentes prematuros, na perspectiva de mães e profissionais de saúde. Método: Foram realizadas entrevistas semiestruturadas nos meses de junho e julho de 2020, por meio de ligação telefônica, com 14 mães e quatro profissionais de saúde do serviço de follow-up de uma maternidade pública da Paraíba, Brasil. Resultados: A partir da análise temática indutiva, os impactos da pandemia no cuidado ao lactente nascido prematuro, foram: sobrecarga e afastamento dos profissionais dos serviços de saúde, desativação temporária da unidade mãe canguru, descontinuidade da assistência ao prematuro, medo materno de expor a criança à Covid-19 e baixa condição socioeconômica. Foram elencadas estratégias de enfrentamento para o cuidado dos lactentes durante a pandemia, como: maior espaçamento das consultas, acompanhamento por meio telefônico e cumprimento das medidas de biossegurança. Conclusão e implicações para a prática: A pandemia exigi adaptações na assistência, tornando necessárias novas formas de cuidado a essas crianças, como exemplo, as consultas de acompanhamento remotas, a fim de garantir o seu direito à vida e saúde


Objective: The study aimed at understanding the repercussions of the Covid-19 pandemic in the care of premature infants, from the perspective of mothers and health professionals. Method: Semi-structured interviews were conducted in the months of June and July 2020, over the telephone, with 14 mothers and four health professionals from the follow-up service of a public maternity hospital in Paraíba, Brazil. Results: From the inductive thematic analysis, the impacts of the pandemic on the care of premature infants were as follows: overload and distancing of health service professionals, temporary deactivation of the Kangaroo mother unit, discontinuity of care for the premature infant, maternal fear of exposing the child to Covid-19 and low socioeconomic status. Coping strategies for the care of infants during the pandemic were listed, such as: greater spacing between consultations, phone follow-up and compliance with biosafety measures. Conclusion and implications for the practice: The pandemic required adaptations in care, which make new forms of care necessary for these children, such as remote follow-up consultations, in order to guarantee their right to life and health


Objetivo: El estudio tuvo como objetivo comprender las repercusiones de la pandemia de Covid-19 en la atención de bebés prematuros, desde la perspectiva de las madres y los profesionales de la salud. Método: Se realizaron entrevistas semiestructuradas en los meses de junio y julio de 2020, por medio de llamadas telefónicas, a 14 madres y cuatro profesionales de la salud del servicio de seguimiento de una maternidad pública en Paraíba, Brasil. Resultados: A partir del análisis temático inductivo, los efectos de la pandemia en la atención de bebés prematuros fueron los siguientes: sobrecarga y distanciamiento de profesionales de los servicios de salud, inhabilitación temporal de la unidad Madre Canguro, discontinuidad de la atención al bebé prematuro, miedo materno a exponer al niño al Covid-19 y nivel socioeconómico bajo. Se enumeraron estrategias de afrontamiento para la atención infantil durante la pandemia, tales como: mayor intervalo entre consultas, seguimiento telefónico y cumplimiento de medidas de bioseguridad. Conclusión e implicaciones para la práctica: La pandemia requirió adaptaciones en la atención, que hacen necesarias nuevas formas de atención para estos niños, como las consultas de monitoreo remoto, para garantizar su derecho a la vida y a la salud


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Lactente , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recém-Nascido Prematuro/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Pessoal de Saúde , Serviços de Saúde Materno-Infantil , COVID-19 , Cuidado do Lactente , Mães , Carga de Trabalho/psicologia , Consulta Remota , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Cobertura Vacinal , Medo , Método Canguru , Higiene das Mãos , Distanciamento Físico , COVID-19/prevenção & controle
18.
Nurs Res ; 71(2): 90-95, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34967825

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Diaper need is a lack of reliable access to a sufficient quantity of diaper supplies. It is an essential pediatric social determinant of health measure that is useful for exploring the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on families of young children. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify the predictors of diaper need and the associations between diaper need and psychosocial outcomes among underresourced families with neurodiverse children. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 129 caregivers of children aged 0-36 months who completed an online survey in early 2021, during the height of the COVID-19 pandemic. Participants completed a diaper need assessment, the Hunger Vital Signs Food Insecurity Screener, the Perceived Stress Scale, and the Infant Behavioral Questionnaire subscale. Relationships were explored using independent-samples t-tests, chi-square tests, and multiple regression analyses. RESULTS: Seventy-six percent of caregivers reported some diaper need, and 87.6% reported food insecurity. Greater than one third (39.5%) reported high diaper need. Common mitigation strategies included using a towel or other cloth like a diaper, not using a diaper, and keeping the child in the same diaper for longer than usual. In multivariate modeling, food insecurity, household size, and parent age were significantly associated with high diaper need. Families experiencing food insecurity were 4.24 times more likely to experience high diaper need than food-secure families. High diaper need compared to low or no diaper need was associated with increased parent perceived stress. DISCUSSION: We found high levels of diaper need and food insecurity for families during the COVID-19 pandemic. The association of high diaper need and stress indicates an inadequate supply of diapers adversely affects parent stress. Nurses may consider including diaper need in social determinants of health screening and prioritize connecting families to appropriate resources.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Lactente , Cuidado do Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2
19.
Early Hum Dev ; 164: 105510, 2022 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34896732

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bundling nurse caregiving interventions are promoted to minimize infant stress. PURPOSE: To evaluate impact of bundled nursing care and diaper change frequency on vital sign stability and skin health of preterm infants born ≤32 weeks gestation. METHOD: Stable preterm infants on a 3-hour feeding schedule were randomly assigned to 3- vs. 6-hour diaper changes. Diapers were changed prior to 6 h if stool was present. Direct observation of bundled care events (BCE) identify caregiving activities during each BCE. Skin pH, transepidermal water loss (TEWL), and neonatal skin condition scores (NSCS) were obtained. Vital sign data (HR, RR, O2 saturation) was downloaded from bedside monitors. RESULTS: Forty-six infants contributed to 605 BCEs. BCEs lasted on average 28 min and included nine different activities (e.g., vital signs, feeding). Significant increases in heart rate during BCEs occurred in approximately half of the observations. Among observations with a diaper change increases in heart rate during diapering occurred in over 74% of observations Infants who were awake at the beginning of BCEs had 48% lower odds of having a change in heart rate than infants who were sleeping (p = .02). There were no group differences (3- vs. 6-hour diaper change) in skin health outcomes (TEWL, pH, NSCS). CONCLUSION: Reducing diaper change frequency without stool present should be considered to minimize caregiving stress in preterm infants. Additional research should evaluate the intrusiveness and clusters of activities that significantly impact physiologic stability to better individualize the timing of routine yet intrusive activities. Clinicaltrials.gov registry # NCT03370757.


Assuntos
Cuidado do Lactente , Recém-Nascido Prematuro , Idade Gestacional , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Pele
20.
Arch Pediatr ; 29(2): 90-99, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34955302

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The desire to understand and the growing interest in research on the effects of kangaroo mother care in preterm infants in the neonatal intensive care unit have led to a significant increase in the number of manuscripts published in this field over the past decade. It is therefore necessary to regularly review the state of knowledge on this phenomenon in order to identify progress and constraints, to stimulate reflection, and to encourage progress in future research. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the current state of scientific production in relation to kangaroo mother care in preterm infants in the neonatal intensive care unit through bibliometric analysis. DATA SOURCES: This study presents a review of 212 published papers from the Scopus database (1990-2019). DATA EXTRACTION: Two processing software applications were used: VOSviewer and SciMAT. In addition, through a keyword analysis, this study established the hot spot research trends to be developed in future work. The study adhered to the PRISMA-ScR guidelines for quality improvement studies as part of the EQUATOR network. RESULTS: Our results show that research in this field is going through a time of high productivity and we could sort this growing body of work into different periods, highlighting the most important topics.The analysis shows that most research in this field is focused on five motor topics. These are: prematurity, male, psychology, intensive care neonatal, and major clinical study. The analysis also allowed us to identify four basic and cross-disciplinary topics that need to be developed and that emerge as future research directions: preterm infants, child-parent relations, child development, and skin-to-skin contact. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE AND RESEARCH: The main contribution of this work is the creation of a knowledge map on the research in this field. This article provides information on how we can shape the future to provide optimal care for these infants and their parents.


Assuntos
Cuidado do Lactente/métodos , Recém-Nascido Prematuro , Método Canguru , Bibliometria , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal , Masculino
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