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1.
Sensors (Basel) ; 23(2)2023 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36679447

RESUMO

The Internet of Things (IoT) has shown rapid growth and wide adoption in recent years. However, IoT devices are not designed to address modern security challenges. The weak security of these devices has been exploited by malicious actors and has led to several serious cyber-attacks. In this context, anomaly detection approaches are considered very effective owing to their ability to detect existing and novel attacks while requiring data only from normal execution. Because of the limited resources of IoT devices, conventional security solutions are not feasible. This emphasizes the need to develop new approaches that are specifically tailored to IoT devices. In this study, we propose a host-based anomaly detection approach that uses system call data and a Markov chain to represent normal behavior. This approach addresses the challenges that existing approaches face in this area, mainly the segmentation of the syscall trace into suitable smaller units and the use of a fixed threshold to differentiate between normal and malicious syscall sequences. Our proposed approach provides a mechanism for segmenting syscall traces into the program's execution paths and dynamically determines the threshold for anomaly detection. The proposed approach was evaluated against various attacks using two well-known public datasets provided by the University of New South Mexico (UNM) and one custom dataset (PiData) developed in the laboratory. We also compared the performance and characteristics of our proposed approach with those of recently published related work. The proposed approach has a very low false positive rate (0.86%), high accuracy (100%), and a high F1 score (100%) that is, a combined performance measure of precision and recall.


Assuntos
Internet das Coisas , Cultura , Nível de Saúde , Laboratórios , Cadeias de Markov
2.
Int J Med Inform ; 169: 104907, 2023 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36347140

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The electronic health record (EHR) is central to medical informatics. Its use is also recognized as an important skill for future clinicians. Typically, medical students' first exposure to an EHR is when they start their clinical internships, and medical informatics students may or may not get experience with an EHR before graduation. We describe the process of implementing an open-source EHR in two curricula: Medicine and Medical informatics. For medical students, the primary goals were to allow students to practice analyzing information from the EHR, creating therapeutic plans, and communicating with their colleagues via the EHR before they start their first clinical rotations. For medical informatics students, the primary goal was to give students hands-on experience with creating decision support in an EHR. APPROACH: We used the OpenMRS electronic health record with a custom decision support module based on Arden Syntax. Medical students needed a secure, stable environment to practice medical reasoning. Medical informatics students needed a more isolated system to experiment with the EHR's internal configuration. Both student groups needed synthetic patient cases that were realistic, but in different aspects. For medical students, it is essential that these cases are clinically consistent, and events unfold in a logical order. By contrast, synthetic data for medical informatics students should mimic the data quality problems found in real patient data. OUTCOMES: Medical informatics students show more mature reasoning about data quality issues and workflow integration than prior to using the EHR. Comments on both course evaluations have been positive, including comments on how working with a real-world EHR provides a realistic experience. CONCLUSION: The open-source EHR OpenMRS has proven to be a valuable addition to both the medicine and medical informatics curriculum. Both sets of students experience use of the EHR as giving them valuable, realistic learning experiences.


Assuntos
Registros Eletrônicos de Saúde , Internato e Residência , Humanos , Currículo , Cultura , Hospitais
3.
Psicol. Estud. (Online) ; 28: e53035, 2023.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos | ID: biblio-1406373

RESUMO

RESUMO Talvez, o homem seja o único dos entes a ter e a estabelecer relações com certos 'objetos' que ultrapassam a sua realidade material transcendendo-a para designar outra realidade para além da física. Dentre eles, poderíamos caracterizar como sendo 'Objetos Transcendentes' (e. g. Deus, por excelência, assim como o Demônio e outras entidades deste universo, quer passíveis de aceitação, aversão ou rejeição) aqueles que constituem a base para o desenvolvimento de sentimentos e de ideias religiosas e podem, também, ser entendidos (na sua origem, sentido e função) sob perspectiva da psicanálise. Nesse sentido, delimitando nossa proposta de análise, este artigo se propõe a analisar estes objetos a partir do ponto de vista de Sigmund Freud almejando e, com isto, analisar sua origem nos processos de sublimação da sexualidade e nos processos projetivos e identificatórios que caracterizam o desenvolvimento emocional do ser humano. Tal compreensão pode auxiliar na compreensão e intervenção clínica com aqueles que se relacionam com esses objetos ocupam um lugar central em seus modos de ser e estar no mundo, bem como com área da psicologia da religião em suas investigações.


RESUMEN Quizás, el Hombre es la única de las entidades que tiene y establece relaciones con ciertos 'objetos' que van más allá de su realidad material, trascendiéndola para designar otra realidad además de la física. Entre ellos, podríamos caracterizar como 'Objetos Trascendentes' (ej. Dios, por excelencia, así como el Demonio y otras entidades de este universo, ya sean sujetos a aceptación, aversión o rechazo) a aquellos que constituyen la base para el desarrollo de los sentimientos y ideas religiosas y también pueden ser entendidas (en su origen, significado y función) por el psicoanálisis. En este sentido, delimitando nuestra propuesta de análisis, este artículo propone analizar estos objetos desde el punto de vista de Sigmund Freud apuntando y, con ello, analizar su origen en los procesos de sublimación de la sexualidad y en los procesos proyectivos e identificativos que caracterizan el desarrollo emocional de los seres humanos. Tal comprensión puede ayudar en la comprensión e intervención clínica con quienes se relacionan con estos objetos que ocupan un lugar central en sus formas de ser y estar en el mundo, así como con el área de Psicología de la Religión en sus investigaciones.


ABSTRACT Perhaps, man is the unique entity to have and establish relationships with certain 'objects' that go beyond their material reality, transcending it to designate another reality beyond the physical. Among them, we could characterize as 'Transcendent Objects' (e.g. God, par excellence, such as the Devil and other entities belonging to this universe, whether subject to acceptance, aversion or rejection) those responsible for constituting the basis for developing feelings and religious ideas, and they can also be understood (in their origin, sense and function) from the perspective of psychoanalysis. Therefore, delimiting our proposal of analysis, this article aimed to analyze such objects from the point of view of Sigmund Freud, thus, analyzing their origin in the processes of sublimation of sexuality and in the projective and identification processes that characterize the emotional development of the human being. Such understanding can assist in clinical intervention of cases where there is a personal relationship or a centrality of these objects in personal experiences, as well as with the area of psychology of religion in its investigations.


Assuntos
Religião , Conhecimento , Teoria Freudiana , Psicanálise , Sexualidade/psicologia , Cultura , Mecanismos de Defesa , Compreensão , Relações Pai-Filho , Moral
4.
PLoS One ; 17(12): e0274592, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36454859

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This paper aims to determine the effect that human capital and key competitive drivers such as quality, agility, and cost have on firm performance, whether this effect is related to the firm's outsourcing strategy, and whether the firm size is relevant in explaining such relationships. DESIGN: This study uses structural equation modeling to test the hypothesized relationships for small to medium enterprises (SMEs) and large organizations using a custom survey based on a review of the literature and completed by 404 firms in the Valle del Cauca agro-industrial region in Colombia. FINDINGS: Human capital strategies are essential for the effective deployment of operational agility, quality, and cost management strategies, which impact firm performance through effective outsourcing strategies. These relationships, however, do not hold the same across firms of different sizes. Specifically, outsourcing practices are lacking amongst SMEs in the studied region. The study is limited to a specific region, with infrastructure and connectivity limitations that hinder or undermine otherwise potentially valuable third-party logistics strategies. PRACTICAL IMPLICATIONS: This paper contributes to the theory and practice in supply chain competitiveness by extending current knowledge of the impact of human capital and key competitive drivers on firm performance, highlighting regional specificities that could hinder firms' competitiveness, and by presenting a novel, quantitative methodology seldom used for these topics.


Assuntos
Países em Desenvolvimento , Indústrias , Humanos , Colômbia , Cultura , Conhecimento
5.
Sensors (Basel) ; 22(24)2022 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36559955

RESUMO

In this paper, we propose a novel technique for the inspection of high-density polyethylene (HDPE) pipes using ultrasonic sensors, signal processing, and deep neural networks (DNNs). Specifically, we propose a technique that detects whether there is a diversion on a pipe or not. The proposed model transmits ultrasound signals through a pipe using a custom-designed array of piezoelectric transmitters and receivers. We propose to use the Zadoff-Chu sequence to modulate the input signals, then utilize its correlation properties to estimate the pipe channel response. The processed signal is then fed to a DNN that extracts the features and decides whether there is a diversion or not. The proposed technique demonstrates an average classification accuracy of 90.3% (when one sensor is used) and 99.6% (when two sensors are used) on 34 inch pipes. The technique can be readily generalized for pipes of different diameters and materials.


Assuntos
Produtos Biológicos , Aprendizado Profundo , Polietileno , Cultura , Redes Neurais de Computação
6.
Bull Hist Med ; 96(3): 375-402, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36571187

RESUMO

The emergence of blood transfusion services after the First World War provided new venues for nationalist and racial research. This paper focuses on racial serology in the Turkish Republic during the period between the 1920s and the 1970s, with particular attention to the role of the Greek-Turkish population exchange and the political conflict over Cyprus. These events entailed mass movements of refugees and violence based on communal identities, which were racialized through serological studies. As the blood of recently displaced people circulated through Greek and Turkish blood banks, physicians used data about blood types to substantiate historical hypotheses about past mobility. Through these genetic reconstructions of historical population movements, they took sides in contemporary territorial disputes. Beginning in the 1950s, the transnational conflict over Cyprus gradually transformed Turkish scientists' representation of Greek Orthodox communities' blood group frequencies, portraying them as "racially Turkish" rather than as biological others.


Assuntos
Bancos de Sangue , Etnicidade , Humanos , Grécia , Chipre/epidemiologia , Cultura
8.
Sensors (Basel) ; 22(24)2022 Dec 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36560361

RESUMO

The detection of road facilities or roadside structures is essential for high-definition (HD) maps and intelligent transportation systems (ITSs). With the rapid development of deep-learning algorithms in recent years, deep-learning-based object detection techniques have provided more accurate and efficient performance, and have become an essential tool for HD map reconstruction and advanced driver-assistance systems (ADASs). Therefore, the performance evaluation and comparison of the latest deep-learning algorithms in this field is indispensable. However, most existing works in this area limit their focus to the detection of individual targets, such as vehicles or pedestrians and traffic signs, from driving view images. In this study, we present a systematic comparison of three recent algorithms for large-scale multi-class road facility detection, namely Mask R-CNN, YOLOx, and YOLOv7, on the Mapillary dataset. The experimental results are evaluated according to the recall, precision, mean F1-score and computational consumption. YOLOv7 outperforms the other two networks in road facility detection, with a precision and recall of 87.57% and 72.60%, respectively. Furthermore, we test the model performance on our custom dataset obtained from the Japanese road environment. The results demonstrate that models trained on the Mapillary dataset exhibit sufficient generalization ability. The comparison presented in this study aids in understanding the strengths and limitations of the latest networks in multiclass object detection on large-scale street-level datasets.


Assuntos
Condução de Veículo , Pedestres , Humanos , Algoritmos , Cultura , Inteligência
9.
PLoS Negl Trop Dis ; 16(11): e0010937, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36399491

RESUMO

Advances in high-throughput and high-content imaging technologies require concomitant development of analytical software capable of handling large datasets and generating relevant phenotypic measurements. Several tools have been developed to analyze drug response phenotypes in parasitic and free-living worms, but these are siloed and often limited to specific instrumentation, worm species, and single phenotypes. No unified tool exists to analyze diverse high-content phenotypic imaging data of worms and provide a platform for future extensibility. We have developed wrmXpress, a unified framework for analyzing a variety of phenotypes matched to high-content experimental assays of free-living and parasitic nematodes and flatworms. We demonstrate its utility for analyzing a suite of phenotypes, including motility, development/size, fecundity, and feeding, and establish the package as a platform upon which to build future custom phenotypic modules. We show that wrmXpress can serve as an analytical workhorse for anthelmintic screening efforts across schistosomes, filarial nematodes, and free-living model nematodes and holds promise for enabling collaboration among investigators with diverse interests.


Assuntos
Bioensaio , Pesquisadores , Humanos , Cultura , Fertilidade , Fenótipo
10.
Proc Biol Sci ; 289(1986): 20221614, 2022 11 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36321489

RESUMO

The past 2 Myr have seen both unprecedented environmental instability and the evolution of the human capacity for complex culture. This, along with the observation that cultural evolution occurs faster than genetic evolution, has led to the suggestion that culture is an adaptation to an unstable environment. We test this hypothesis by examining the ability of human social learning to respond to environmental changes. We do this by inserting human participants (n = 4800) into evolutionary simulations with a changing environment while varying the social information available to individuals across five conditions. We find that human social learning shows some signs of adaptation to environmental instability, including critical social learning, the adoption of up-and-coming traits and, unexpectedly, contrariness. However, these are insufficient to avoid significant fitness declines when the environment changes, and many individuals are highly conformist, which exacerbates the fitness effects of environmental change. We conclude that human social learning reflects a compromise between the competing needs for flexibility to accommodate environmental change and fidelity to accurately transmit valuable cultural information.


Assuntos
Evolução Cultural , Aprendizado Social , Humanos , Adaptação Fisiológica , Evolução Biológica , Cultura
11.
PLoS One ; 17(11): e0275469, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36322519

RESUMO

Standardized cross-cultural databases of the arts are critical to a balanced scientific understanding of the performing arts, and their role in other domains of human society. This paper introduces the Global Jukebox as a resource for comparative and cross-cultural study of the performing arts and culture. The Global Jukebox adds an extensive and detailed global database of the performing arts that enlarges our understanding of human cultural diversity. Initially prototyped by Alan Lomax in the 1980s, its core is the Cantometrics dataset, encompassing standardized codings on 37 aspects of musical style for 5,776 traditional songs from 1,026 societies. The Cantometrics dataset has been cleaned and checked for reliability and accuracy, and includes a full coding guide with audio training examples (https://theglobaljukebox.org/?songsofearth). Also being released are seven additional datasets coding and describing instrumentation, conversation, popular music, vowel and consonant placement, breath management, social factors, and societies. For the first time, all digitized Global Jukebox data are being made available in open-access, downloadable format (https://github.com/theglobaljukebox), linked with streaming audio recordings (theglobaljukebox.org) to the maximum extent allowed while respecting copyright and the wishes of culture-bearers. The data are cross-indexed with the Database of Peoples, Languages, and Cultures (D-PLACE) to allow researchers to test hypotheses about worldwide coevolution of aesthetic patterns and traditions. As an example, we analyze the global relationship between song style and societal complexity, showing that they are robustly related, in contrast to previous critiques claiming that these proposed relationships were an artifact of autocorrelation (though causal mechanisms remain unresolved).


Assuntos
Música , Humanos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Comparação Transcultural , Idioma , Bases de Dados Factuais , Cultura
12.
Recenti Prog Med ; 113(12): 754, 2022 12.
Artigo em Italiano | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36420852

Assuntos
Cultura , Amor , Humanos
13.
BMC Oral Health ; 22(1): 533, 2022 11 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36424616

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with ocular loss tend to have physical and psychosocial difficulties. Maxillofacial prosthetic specialists involved in the treatment should be trained with competence to manage psychological complications. However, due to the multifactorial origin of the psychosocial distress, designing such training activities can be challenging. This research aimed to construct a conceptual framework illustrating the effects of ocular loss on patients' physical and psychosocial well-being and their coping strategies, to propose the learning content of training sessions. METHODS: A semi-structured interview and a topic guide were employed to explore the perceptions from patients who were receiving their first custom ocular prosthesis, fabricated by maxillofacial prosthodontists. The participants were selected using a purposeful sampling up until data saturation. The data were analyzed using framework analysis. RESULTS: Twelve patients participated in this research. Four main themes emerged from the data analysis: (1) Impact of ocular loss, (2) Factors influencing psychosocial distress, (3) Psychological adjustment, and (4) Expected treatment outcomes. Each theme appeared to have influence on the other, rather than presenting itself independently. Although patients with ocular loss experienced both physical and psychosocial difficulties, psychological distress was greatly influenced by self-perceived disfigurement, etiology, and social status. Therefore, they needed to develop their coping strategies including rehabilitation with ocular prosthesis. CONCLUSION: Various forms of psychological adjustments were necessary in these patients with ocular loss to resume their daily lives. The specialist involved in the treatment should also partake in patients' psychological adjustment and should be competent in psychological management skills, such as supporting patients to meet their expectations.


Assuntos
Adaptação Psicológica , Ajustamento Emocional , Angústia Psicológica , Humanos , Cultura , Odontólogos , Aprendizagem
14.
Porto; s.n; 20221117. il., tab..
Tese em Português | BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1400135

RESUMO

A Qualidade de Vida Profissional (QVP) dos Enfermeiros é avaliada na maior parte das vezes, pelo modelo de Stamm (2010), revelando uma associação entre a Satisfação por Compaixão (SC) (polo positivo e fator protetor) e a Fadiga por Compaixão (FC) (polo negativo). Este último, multidimensional, tem como subcomponentes o Burnout e o Stresse Traumático Secundário. O ambiente de trabalho é determinante na manutenção destes fenómenos e pode ser medido através das dimensões propostas por Sorra e Nieva (2004) que garantem as condições de trabalho essenciais para a segurança do doente e dos profissionais. Neste ponto o Enfermeiro gestor desempenha um papel fundamental, sendo a liderança baseada numa gestão positiva fator protetor dos riscos psicossociais (DGS, 2021). Este estudo integrado no Projeto multicêntrico Health Work Project International-HWOPI (ESEP/CINTESIS@RISE), teve como objetivos identificar os níveis de FC dos Enfermeiros gestores de hospitais portugueses, avaliar a Cultura de segurança do doente na perspetiva dos Enfermeiros gestores, descrever a relação entre a FC e as variáveis sociodemográficas e profissionais dos Enfermeiros gestores, e descrever a relação entre a FC e a Cultura de Segurança do doente. O desenho de pesquisa foi quantitativo, descritivo-correlacional e transversal. Aplicou-se um questionário para caraterização sociodemográfica e profisisonal, a Professional Quality of Life Scale 5 (Stamm, 2010; Carvalho & Sá, 2011) e o Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture (Sorra & Nieva, 2004; Eiras et al., 2014), a 127 Enfermeiros gestores de organizações hospitalares portuguesas, selecionados através de uma amostra tipo bola de neve. Os resultados obtidos evidenciaram que: os Enfermeiros gestores apresentaram valores moderados de SC e FC; a FC foi influenciada por fatores pessoais como o sexo e a presença de filhos; persistiu necessidade de intervenção em todas as dimensões da Cultura de segurança do doente dos sistemas de organização hospitalar da amostra do estudo; e quanto melhor perceção da Cultura de segurança do doente, menor probabilidade de FC nos Enfermeiros gestores, existindo uma associação negativa entre a FC e todas as dimensões da Cultura de segurança do doente. Os resultados obtidos em conjugação com a revisão da literatura desenvolvida ao longo deste percurso investigativo acerca da temática, permitiu conhecer estratégias para a prevenção da FC através de programas internos dirigidos aos Enfermeiros gestores e outras categorias, que privilegie o bem-estar mental do indivíduo e da equipa, assim como, desenvolver rotinas e procedimentos de gestão que atendam às dimensões da Cultura de segurança do doente. Os Enfermeiros gestores podem adequar projetos de melhoria contínua, priorizando a intervenção, com vista à otimização da Cultura de segurança do doente e à promoção da QVP.


The Professional Quality of Life (PQL) of Nurses is most often evaluated using the Stamm model (2010), revealing an association between Compassion Satisfaction (CS) (positive pole and protective factor) and Compassion Fatigue (CF) (negative pole). The latter, multidimensional, has as subcomponents Burnout and Secondary Traumatic Stress. The work environment is crucial in the maintenance of these phenomena and can be measured through the dimensions proposed by Sorra and Nieva (2004) that guarantee the essential working conditions for the safety of patients and professionals. At this point, the Nurse manager plays a key role, with leadership based on positive management being a protective factor against psychosocial risks (DGS, 2021). This study, integrated in the multicentric Health Work Project International-HWOPI (ESEP/CINTESIS@RISE), aimed to identify the CF levels of Nurse managers of portuguese hospitals, to evaluate the Patient Safety Culture from the perspective of Nurse managers, to describe the relationship between the CF and the sociodemographic and professional variables of the Nurse managers, and to describe the relationship between CF and the Patient Safety Culture. The research design was quantitative, descriptive-correlational and transversal. A questionnaire was applied for sociodemographic and professional characterization, the Professional Quality of Life Scale 5 (Stamm, 2010; Carvalho & Sá, 2011) and the Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture (Sorra & Nieva, 2004; Eiras et al., 2014) were applied to 127 Nurse managers of portuguese hospitals organizations, selected through a snowball sample. The results obtained showed that: the Nurse managers had moderate CS and CF values; CF was influenced by personal factors such as sex and the presence of children; the need for intervention in all dimensions of the Patient Safety Culture of the hospital organization systems of the study sample persisted; and the better the perception of the Patient Safety Culture, the lower the probability of CF in the Nurse Managers, with a negative association between CF and all dimensions of the Patient Safety Culture. The results obtained in conjunction with the literature review developed along this investigative path on the subject, made it possible to discover strategies for the prevention of CF through internal programs aimed at Nurse managers and other categories, which privilege the mental well-being of the individual and the team, as well as developing routines and procedures for management that meet the dimensions of the Patient Safety Culture. Nurse managers can adapt continuous improvement projects, prioritizing intervention, with a view to optimizing the Patient Safety Culture and promoting PQL.


Assuntos
Fadiga por Compaixão , Enfermeiros , Satisfação Pessoal , Qualidade de Vida , Trabalho , Condições de Trabalho , Cultura , Segurança do Paciente , Esgotamento Psicológico
15.
Nurs Ethics ; 29(6): 1321-1322, 2022 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36189864

Assuntos
Cultura , Amigos , Humanos , Confiança
16.
Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci ; 377(1866): 20210349, 2022 12 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36314144

RESUMO

Thinking about possibilities plays a critical role in the choices humans make throughout their lives. Despite this, the influence of individuals' ability to consider what is possible on culture has been largely overlooked. We propose that the ability to reason about future possibilities or prospective cognition, has consequences for cultural change, possibly facilitating the process of cumulative cultural evolution. In particular, by considering potential future costs and benefits of specific behaviours, prospective cognition may lead to a more flexible use of cultural behaviours. In species with limited planning abilities, this may lead to the development of cultures that promote behaviours with future benefits, circumventing this limitation. Here, we examine these ideas from a comparative perspective, considering the relationship between human and nonhuman assessments of future possibilities and their cultural capacity to invent new solutions and improve them over time. Given the methodological difficulties of assessing prospective cognition across species, we focus on planning, for which we have the most data in other species. Elucidating the role of prospective cognition in culture will help us understand the variability in when and how we see culture expressed, informing ongoing debates, such as that surrounding which social learning mechanisms underlie culture. This article is part of the theme issue 'Thinking about possibilities: mechanisms, ontogeny, functions and phylogeny'.


Assuntos
Evolução Cultural , Hominidae , Aprendizado Social , Animais , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Cognição , Cultura
17.
Curr Biol ; 32(20): R1136-R1140, 2022 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36283380

RESUMO

In humans, culture can have a variety of meanings, from trends in music or art, to technological advances, to the ideologies and values that underpin a society. What all these meanings all have in common is that they encompass behaviours, skills and ideas that are not genetically determined, but rather learned from those around us, and shared in a group or society. Human societies also exhibit what is termed 'cumulative cultural evolution', when cultures build on themselves over generations of learners to exhibit more complex or effective behaviours, allowing us to go from a sled to a high-speed train, or from counting to calculus. But what about other species - do they also exhibit cultures?


Assuntos
Evolução Cultural , Música , Animais , Humanos , Aprendizagem , Aves , Cultura
18.
J Environ Public Health ; 2022: 5382213, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36225753

RESUMO

Dunhuang Feitian is a complex of Indian culture, Buddhist culture, Western culture, and Central Plains culture. It has been loved by artists since ancient times and is an important embodiment of the essence of grotto art. Dunhuang culture is an important cultural heritage used to build Chinese cultural identity. With the development of science and technology and the progress of society, the exchanges between cultures are increasingly deepened. These exchanges are not only reflected in language, economy, politics, film, and technology but also in science and technology. From a macroperspective, culture includes all products, and products are also an intuitive manifestation of culture. How to continue culture and consider the customs and taboos of the outside world while continuing retains the essence of culture to the greatest extent and integrates local characteristics, so that foreign culture can be integrated into it. Being well accepted by local people will become an important proposition for crosscultural communication and value expression. Therefore, based on cognitive thinking and Kansei engineering theory, this research explores and analyzes product design methods that integrate Spanish and Chinese cultures, hereinafter referred to as "Western-Chinese" cultures. Analyze the two cultures separately: from a certain culture, after the image investigation, extract the target image; from another culture, get the modeling design factors and then realize the product image modeling design of crosscultural Dunhuang integration and the Dunhuang culture. Value generation and realization reasonably recognize the connection between the two cultures, form a crosscultural integration design theory, and provide new ideas for product innovation design.


Assuntos
Comunicação , Idioma , China , Cultura , Humanos
20.
Curr Opin Psychol ; 48: 101466, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36242854

RESUMO

In the digital age, people increasingly explore and express their sexual identities online. The management and development of digital sexual identities can provide opportunities of empowerment on the individual, interpersonal, and societal level. At the same time, social media users are confronted with risks of sexual disempowerment in terms of identity de-validation, social exclusion, discrimination or even criminalization. The review article summarizes the current state of research on six selected sexual identities: (1) heterosexual, (2) LGBTIQ+, (3) asexual, (4) kink and fetish, (5) polyamory, and (6) sex worker identities in digital contexts. Covering a variety of social media platforms and cultural backgrounds, the review demonstrates that digital sexual identities are best understood as multifaceted socio-technical phenomena with ambivalent outcomes.


Assuntos
Identidade de Gênero , Mídias Sociais , Humanos , Comportamento Sexual , Cultura
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