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1.
Microbiol Res ; 268: 127279, 2023 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36592576

RESUMO

Solidesulfovibrio fructosivorans (formely Desulfovibrio fructosovorans), an anaerobic sulfate-reducing bacterium, possesses six gene clusters encoding six hydrogenases catalyzing the reversible oxidation of hydrogen gas (H2) into protons and electrons. One of these, named Hnd, was demonstrated to be an electron-bifurcating hydrogenase Hnd (Kpebe et al., 2018). It couples the exergonic reduction of NAD+ to the endergonic reduction of a ferredoxin with electrons derived from H2 and whose function has been recently shown to be involved in ethanol production under pyruvate fermentation (Payne 2022). To understand further the physiological role of Hnd in S. fructosivorans, we compared the mutant deleted of part of the hnd gene with the wild-type strain grown on pyruvate without sulfate using NMR-based metabolomics. Our results confirm that Hnd is profoundly involved in ethanol metabolism, but also indirectly intervenes in global carbon metabolism and additional metabolic processes such as the biosynthesis of branched-chain amino acids. We also highlight the metabolic reprogramming induced by the deletion of hndD that leads to the upregulation of several NADP-dependent pathways.


Assuntos
Hidrogenase , Elétrons , Fermentação , Hidrogênio/metabolismo , Hidrogenase/genética , Hidrogenase/química , Hidrogenase/metabolismo , Oxirredução , Ácido Pirúvico , Desulfovibrionaceae/química , Desulfovibrionaceae/metabolismo
2.
Curr Microbiol ; 78(9): 3439-3452, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34258683

RESUMO

Hot springs harbour diverse and interesting groups of microorganisms adapted to extreme conditions. However, due to limitations in the culture-dependent approach, most of such thermophiles remain uncultured and unexplored. Hence, this study was conducted to gain a comprehensive understanding of the bacterial diversity of Mahapelessa hot spring, Sri Lanka using both culture-dependent and culture-independent approaches. The in situ temperature of the water sample was 44.5 °C and the pH was 8.14. 16S rRNA Sanger sequencing of DNA extracted from the 18 bacterial isolates revealed the presence of eight genera belonging to two phyla: Proteobacteria (84%) and Firmicutes (16%) and the most abundant genus being Klebsiella. A total of 23 bacterial phyla representing 80 classes, 43 orders, 123 families, 205 genera and 83 species were detected by 16S rRNA V3-V4 region by amplicon metagenome sequencing of DNA extracted from water samples, where the most abundant phylum was the Proteobacteria (57.39%), followed by Firmicutes (23.7%) and Chloroflexi (4.14%). The three phyla Actinobacteria, Planctomycetes and Bacteroidetes were also detected less than 3% in abundance while 4.48% of bacteria could not be fit into any known phylum. The most abundant genera were Burkholderia (14.87%), Desulfotomaculum (7.23%) and Stenotrophomonas (6.1%). Four strictly anaerobic bacteria, Anaerosolibacter carboniphilus (0.71%), Bellilinea caldifistulae (0.04%), Salimesophilobacter vulgaris (0.1%), Anaerobacterium chartisolvens (0.12%); two potential plant growth-promoting bacteria, Azospirillum halopraeferens (0.04%) and Bradyrhizobium liaoningense (0.16%) and one potential alkali tolerant and sulphate-reducing bacterium, Desulfovibrio alkalitolerans (0.45%) were recorded. Pigmentiphaga sp. was isolated from Mahapelessa hot spring and to the best of our knowledge, this is the first record of this genus from a hot spring. This study gives insight into the vast bacterial diversity present in the Mahapelessa hot spring from the culture-independent approach which could not be identified using standard culturing techniques.


Assuntos
Fontes Termais , Azospirillum , Bactérias/genética , Bradyrhizobium , Chloroflexi , Clostridiaceae , Clostridiales , Desulfovibrionaceae , Humanos , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética
3.
Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek ; 114(9): 1387-1397, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34212258

RESUMO

The diversity of anaerobic microorganisms in terrestrial mud volcanoes is largely unexplored. Here we report the isolation of a novel sulfate-reducing alkaliphilic bacterium (strain F-1T) from a terrestrial mud volcano located at the Taman peninsula, Russia. Cells of strain F-1T were Gram-negative motile vibrios with a single polar flagellum; 2.0-4.0 µm in length and 0.5 µm in diameter. The temperature range for growth was 6-37 °C, with an optimum at 24 °C. The pH range for growth was 7.0-10.5, with an optimum at pH 9.5. Strain F-1T utilized lactate, pyruvate, and molecular hydrogen as electron donors and sulfate, sulfite, thiosulfate, elemental sulfur, fumarate or arsenate as electron acceptors. In the presence of sulfate, the end products of lactate oxidation were acetate, H2S and CO2. Lactate and pyruvate could also be fermented. The major product of lactate fermentation was acetate. The main cellular fatty acids were anteiso-C15:0, C16:0, C18:0, and iso-C17:1ω8. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that strain F-1T was most closely related to Pseudodesulfovibrio aespoeensis (98.05% similarity). The total size of the genome of the novel isolate was 3.23 Mb and the genomic DNA G + C content was 61.93 mol%. The genome contained all genes essential for dissimilatory sulfate reduction. We propose to assign strain F-1T to the genus Pseudodesulfovibrio, as a new species, Pseudodesulfovibrio alkaliphilus sp. nov. The type strain is F-1T (= KCTC 15918T = VKM B-3405T).


Assuntos
Ácidos Graxos , Sulfatos , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Desulfovibrionaceae , Oxirredução , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
4.
Microb Genom ; 7(5)2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33952388

RESUMO

Endolithic microbial symbionts in the coral skeleton may play a pivotal role in maintaining coral health. However, compared to aerobic micro-organisms, research on the roles of endolithic anaerobic micro-organisms and microbe-microbe interactions in the coral skeleton are still in their infancy. In our previous study, we showed that a group of coral-associated Prosthecochloris (CAP), a genus of anaerobic green sulphur bacteria, was dominant in the skeleton of the coral Isopora palifera. Though CAP is diverse, the 16S rRNA phylogeny presents it as a distinct clade separate from other free-living Prosthecochloris. In this study, we build on previous research and further characterize the genomic and metabolic traits of CAP by recovering two new high-quality CAP genomes - Candidatus Prosthecochloris isoporae and Candidatus Prosthecochloris sp. N1 - from the coral I. palifera endolithic cultures. Genomic analysis revealed that these two CAP genomes have high genomic similarities compared with other Prosthecochloris and harbour several CAP-unique genes. Interestingly, different CAP species harbour various pigment synthesis and sulphur metabolism genes, indicating that individual CAPs can adapt to a diversity of coral microenvironments. A novel high-quality genome of sulfate-reducing bacterium (SRB)- Candidatus Halodesulfovibrio lyudaonia - was also recovered from the same culture. The fact that CAP and various SRB co-exist in coral endolithic cultures and coral skeleton highlights the importance of SRB in the coral endolithic community. Based on functional genomic analysis of Ca. P. sp. N1, Ca. P. isoporae and Ca. H. lyudaonia, we also propose a syntrophic relationship between the SRB and CAP in the coral skeleton.


Assuntos
Antozoários/microbiologia , Chlorobi/classificação , Chlorobi/genética , Chlorobi/metabolismo , Genômica , Filogenia , Sulfatos/metabolismo , Animais , Bactérias/classificação , Bactérias/genética , Bactérias/metabolismo , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Desulfovibrionaceae , Genoma , Metagenoma , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética
5.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 1970, 2021 03 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33785752

RESUMO

Periods of fasting and refeeding may reduce cardiometabolic risk elevated by Western diet. Here we show in the substudy of NCT02099968, investigating the clinical parameters, the immunome and gut microbiome exploratory endpoints, that in hypertensive metabolic syndrome patients, a 5-day fast followed by a modified Dietary Approach to Stop Hypertension diet reduces systolic blood pressure, need for antihypertensive medications, body-mass index at three months post intervention compared to a modified Dietary Approach to Stop Hypertension diet alone. Fasting alters the gut microbiome, impacting bacterial taxa and gene modules associated with short-chain fatty acid production. Cross-system analyses reveal a positive correlation of circulating mucosa-associated invariant T cells, non-classical monocytes and CD4+ effector T cells with systolic blood pressure. Furthermore, regulatory T cells positively correlate with body-mass index and weight. Machine learning analysis of baseline immunome or microbiome data predicts sustained systolic blood pressure response within the fasting group, identifying CD8+ effector T cells, Th17 cells and regulatory T cells or Desulfovibrionaceae, Hydrogenoanaerobacterium, Akkermansia, and Ruminococcaceae as important contributors to the model. Here we report that the high-resolution multi-omics data highlight fasting as a promising non-pharmacological intervention for the treatment of high blood pressure in metabolic syndrome patients.


Assuntos
Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Peso Corporal/fisiologia , Jejum/fisiologia , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/fisiologia , Síndrome Metabólica/fisiopatologia , Idoso , Akkermansia/fisiologia , Índice de Massa Corporal , Desulfovibrionaceae/fisiologia , Dieta , Fezes/microbiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão/complicações , Hipertensão/microbiologia , Hipertensão/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Síndrome Metabólica/complicações , Síndrome Metabólica/microbiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ruminococcus/fisiologia , Subpopulações de Linfócitos T/imunologia , Subpopulações de Linfócitos T/fisiologia
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33406030

RESUMO

A novel sulphate-reducing, Gram-stain-negative, anaerobic strain, isolate XJ01T, recovered from production fluid at the LiaoHe oilfield, PR China, was the subject of a polyphasic study. The isolate together with Desulfovibrio oxamicus NCIMB 9442T and Desulfovibrio termitidis DSM 5308T formed a distinct, well-supported clade in the Desulfovibrionaceae 16S rRNA gene tree. The taxonomic status of the clade was underscored by complementary phenotypic data. The three isolates comprising the clade formed distinct phyletic branches and were distinguished using a combination of physiological features and by low average nucleotide identity and digital DNA-DNA hybridization values. Consequently, it is proposed that isolate XJ01T represents a novel genus and species for which the name Cupidesulfovibrio liaohensis gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed with the type strain XJ01T (=CGMCC 1.5227T=DSM 107637T). It is also proposed that D. oxamicus and D. termitidis be reclassified as Cupidesulfovibrio oxamicus comb. nov. and Cupidesulfovibrio termitidis comb. nov., respectively.


Assuntos
Desulfovibrionaceae/classificação , Campos de Petróleo e Gás/microbiologia , Filogenia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Desulfovibrio/classificação , Desulfovibrionaceae/isolamento & purificação , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Oxirredução , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Sulfatos/metabolismo , Bactérias Redutoras de Enxofre/classificação , Bactérias Redutoras de Enxofre/isolamento & purificação
7.
Res Microbiol ; 171(1): 3-12, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31655199

RESUMO

Mercury methylation converts inorganic mercury into the toxic methylmercury, and the consequences of this transformation are worrisome for human health and the environment. This process is performed by anaerobic microorganisms, such as several strains related to Pseudodesulfovibrio and Desulfovibrio genera. In order to provide new insights into the molecular mechanisms of mercury methylation, we performed a comparative genomic analysis on mercury methylators and non-methylators from (Pseudo)Desulfovibrio strains. Our results showed that (Pseudo)Desulfovibrio species are phylogenetically and metabolically distant and consequently, these genera should be divided into various genera. Strains able to perform methylation are affiliated with one branch of the phylogenetic tree, but, except for hgcA and hgcB genes, no other specific genetic markers were found among methylating strains. hgcA and hgcB genes can be found adjacent or separated, but proximity between those genes does not promote higher mercury methylation. In addition, close examination of the non-methylator Pseudodesulfovibrio piezophilus C1TLV30 strain, showed a syntenic structure that suggests a recombination event and may have led to hgcB depletion. The genomic analyses identify also arsR gene coding for a putative regulator upstream hgcA. Both genes are cotranscribed suggesting a role of ArsR in hgcA expression and probably a role in mercury methylation.


Assuntos
Desulfovibrio/metabolismo , Desulfovibrionaceae/metabolismo , Genoma Bacteriano , Mercúrio/metabolismo , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Desulfovibrio/classificação , Desulfovibrio/genética , Desulfovibrionaceae/classificação , Desulfovibrionaceae/genética , Regulação Bacteriana da Expressão Gênica , Metilação , Filogenia
8.
PLoS One ; 14(3): e0213692, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30870486

RESUMO

Pathophysiological background in different phenotypes of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) remains to be elucidated. The aim was to investigate the association between fecal and blood microbiota profiles and the presence of NAFLD in obese versus lean subjects. Demographic and clinical data were reviewed in 268 health checkup examinees, whose fecal and blood samples were available for microbiota analysis. NAFLD was diagnosed with ultrasonography, and subjects with NAFLD were further categorized as obese (body mass index (BMI) ≥25) or lean (BMI <25). Fecal and blood microbiota communities were analyzed by sequencing of the V3-V4 domains of the 16S rRNA genes. Correlation between microbiota taxa and NAFLD was assessed using zero-inflated Gaussian mixture models, with adjustment of age, sex, and BMI, and Bonferroni correction. The NAFLD group (n = 76) showed a distinct bacterial community with a lower biodiversity and a far distant phylotype compared with the control group (n = 192). In the gut microbiota, the decrease in Desulfovibrionaceae was associated with NAFLD in the lean NAFLD group (log2 coefficient (coeff.) = -2.107, P = 1.60E-18), but not in the obese NAFLD group (log2 coeff. = 1.440, P = 1.36E-04). In the blood microbiota, Succinivibrionaceae showed opposite correlations in the lean (log2 coeff. = -1.349, P = 5.34E-06) and obese NAFLD groups (log2 coeff. = 2.215, P = 0.003). Notably, Leuconostocaceae was associated with the obese NAFLD in the gut (log2 coeff. = -1.168, P = 0.041) and blood (log2 coeff. = -2.250, P = 1.28E-10). In conclusion, fecal and blood microbiota profiles showed different patterns between subjects with obese and lean NAFLD, which might be potential biomarkers to discriminate diverse phenotypes of NAFLD.


Assuntos
Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Microbiota , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/sangue , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/microbiologia , Obesidade/sangue , Obesidade/microbiologia , Adulto , Bactérias/classificação , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Sangue/microbiologia , Índice de Massa Corporal , Peso Corporal , Desulfovibrionaceae , Fezes/microbiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Resistência à Insulina , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/complicações , Distribuição Normal , Obesidade/complicações , Fenótipo , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/metabolismo
9.
Mol Nutr Food Res ; 63(2): e1800962, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30379400

RESUMO

SCOPE: High red meat and sucrose consumption increases the epidemiological risk for chronic diseases. Mechanistic hypotheses include alterations in oxidative status, gut microbiome, fat deposition, and low-grade inflammation. METHODS AND RESULTS: For 2 weeks, 40 rats consumed a diet high in white or red meat (chicken-based or beef-based cooked mince, respectively), and containing corn starch or sucrose in a 2 × 2 factorial design. Lard was mixed with lean chicken or beef to obtain comparable dietary fatty acid profiles. Beef (vs chicken)-fed rats had higher lipid oxidation products (malondialdehyde, 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal, and hexanal) in stomach content and blood, and lower blood glutathione. Sucrose (vs corn starch)-fed rats showed increased blood lipid oxidation products and glutathione peroxidase activity, higher liver weight and malondialdehyde concentrations, and mesenterial and retroperitoneal fat accumulation. Beef-sucrose-fed rats had increased cardiac weight, suggesting pathophysiological effects on the cardiovascular system. The colonic microbiome of beef-sucrose-fed rats showed an outgrowth of the sulfate-reducing family of the Desulfovibrionaceae, and lower abundance of the Lactobacillus genus, indicating intestinal dysbiosis. Blood C-reactive protein, a marker for inflammation, was not different among groups. CONCLUSIONS: Consumption of a cooked beef-based meat product with sucrose increased oxidative stress parameters and promoted cardiac hypertrophy and intestinal dysbiosis.


Assuntos
Cardiomegalia/etiologia , Colo/microbiologia , Desulfovibrionaceae/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Estresse Oxidativo , Carne Vermelha , Sacarose/farmacologia , Animais , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Bovinos , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Glutationa/metabolismo , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Substâncias Reativas com Ácido Tiobarbitúrico/análise
10.
Sci Rep ; 8(1): 14384, 2018 09 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30258104

RESUMO

The intestinal microbiota plays a key role in the maintenance of human health. Alterations in this microbiota have been described in several autoimmune diseases, including nervous system diseases. Nevertheless, the information regarding neuromuscular conditions is still limited. In this study, we aimed at characterizing the intestinal microbiota composition in myasthenia gravis patients (MG). To this end fecal samples were taken from ten patients, with antibodies against the acetylcholine receptor, and ten age and sex matched controls from the same population (Asturias region, Spain). Fecal samples were submitted to microbiota analyses by 16S rRNA gene profiling, bifidobacterial ITS-region profiling and qPCR. The fecal levels of short chain fatty acids were determined by gas chromatography. MG patients were found to harbor lower relative proportions of Verrucomicrobiaceae and Bifidobacteriaceae, among others, and increased of the phylum Bacteroidetes and the family Desulfovibrionaceae. The increase of these latter microbial groups was also confirmed at quantitative level by qPCR. In contrast, no statistically significant differences were found between MG patients and the control group in the bifidobacterial population at the species level or in short chain fatty acids profiles. Our data indicates an altered fecal microbiota pattern in MG patients and point out at specific microbiota targets for intervention in this population.


Assuntos
Fezes/microbiologia , Miastenia Gravis/microbiologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Bacteroidetes/genética , Bacteroidetes/isolamento & purificação , Bifidobacterium/genética , Bifidobacterium/isolamento & purificação , Desulfovibrionaceae/genética , Desulfovibrionaceae/isolamento & purificação , Feminino , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Transcriptoma , Verrucomicrobia/genética , Verrucomicrobia/isolamento & purificação
11.
Lipids Health Dis ; 17(1): 159, 2018 Jul 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30021609

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gut microbiota plays an important role in many metabolic diseases such as diabetes and atherosclerosis. Apolipoprotein E (apoE) knock-out (KO) mice are frequently used for the study of hyperlipidemia and atherosclerosis. However, it is unknown whether apoE KO mice have altered gut microbiota when challenged with a Western diet. METHODS: In the current study, we assessed the gut microbiota profiling of apoE KO mice and compared with wild-type mice fed either a normal chow or Western diet for 12 weeks using 16S pyrosequencing. RESULTS: On a western diet, the gut microbiota diversity was significantly decreased in apoE KO mice compared with wild type (WT) mice. Firmicutes and Erysipelotrichaceae were significantly increased in WT mice but Erysipelotrichaceae was unchanged in apoE KO mice on a Western diet. The weighted UniFrac principal coordinate analysis exhibited clear separation between WT and apoE KO mice on the first vector (58.6%) with significant changes of two dominant phyla (Bacteroidetes and Firmicutes) and seven dominant families (Porphyromonadaceae, Lachnospiraceae, Ruminococcaceae, Desulfovibrionaceae, Helicobacteraceae, Erysipelotrichaceae and Veillonellaceae). Lachnospiraceae was significantly enriched in apoE KO mice on a Western diet. In addition, Lachnospiraceae and Ruminococcaceae were positively correlated with relative atherosclerosis lesion size in apoE KO. CONCLUSIONS: Collectively, our study showed that there are marked changes in the gut microbiota of apoE KO mice, particularly challenged with a Western diet and these alterations may be possibly associated with atherosclerosis.


Assuntos
Apolipoproteínas E/deficiência , Aterosclerose/microbiologia , Dieta Ocidental/efeitos adversos , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/genética , Hiperlipidemias/microbiologia , Animais , Apolipoproteínas E/genética , Aterosclerose/etiologia , Aterosclerose/genética , Aterosclerose/patologia , Bacteroidetes/classificação , Bacteroidetes/genética , Bacteroidetes/isolamento & purificação , DNA Ribossômico/genética , Desulfovibrionaceae/classificação , Desulfovibrionaceae/genética , Desulfovibrionaceae/isolamento & purificação , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Firmicutes/classificação , Firmicutes/genética , Firmicutes/isolamento & purificação , Helicobacteraceae/classificação , Helicobacteraceae/genética , Helicobacteraceae/isolamento & purificação , Hiperlipidemias/etiologia , Hiperlipidemias/genética , Hiperlipidemias/patologia , Lipídeos/sangue , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout para ApoE , Porphyromonas/classificação , Porphyromonas/genética , Porphyromonas/isolamento & purificação , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Ruminococcus/classificação , Ruminococcus/genética , Ruminococcus/isolamento & purificação , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Veillonellaceae/classificação , Veillonellaceae/genética , Veillonellaceae/isolamento & purificação
12.
Biol Pharm Bull ; 41(7): 1024-1033, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29962399

RESUMO

Acarbose and voglibose are the most widely used diabetes drugs as glycosidase inhibitors. In this study, the use of these two inhibitors significantly increased the content of starch in large intestine, and altered the concentration of short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) by affecting the intestinal microbiota. However, there are some differences in the intestinal microbiome of the two groups of mice, mainly in bacteria such as Bacteroidaceae bacteroides and Desulfovibrionaceae desulfovibrio. The productions of acetate and propionate in caecum in voglibose group were significantly higher than those in acarbose group and two kinds of glycosidase inhibitors were close in the production of butyrate in caecum. The Tax4Fun analysis based on Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) data indicated that different productions of acetate and propionate between acarbose group and voglibose group may be related to 2-oxoisovalerate dehydrogenase and pyruvate oxidase. In addition, in-vitro experiments suggested that voglibose had less effect on epithelial cells than acarbose after direct stimulation. According to the recent researches of SCFAs produced by intestinal microbiota, our comparative study shown higher concentration of these beneficial fatty acids in the lumen of voglibose-treated mice, which implied a lower level of inflammation.


Assuntos
Ácidos Graxos Voláteis/análise , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/efeitos dos fármacos , Inibidores de Glicosídeo Hidrolases/farmacologia , Mucosa Intestinal/metabolismo , Acarbose/farmacologia , Animais , Bacteroidaceae/efeitos dos fármacos , Bacteroidaceae/metabolismo , Células CACO-2 , Desulfovibrionaceae/efeitos dos fármacos , Desulfovibrionaceae/metabolismo , Células Epiteliais/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Inositol/análogos & derivados , Inositol/farmacologia , Intestinos/microbiologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos ICR , Amido/análise
13.
Appl Microbiol Biotechnol ; 101(13): 5481-5492, 2017 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28424844

RESUMO

Trihalomethanes such as chloroform and bromoform, although well-known as a prominent class of disinfection by-products, are ubiquitously distributed in the environment due to widespread industrial usage in the past decades. Chloroform and bromoform are particularly concerning, of high concentrations detected and with long half-lives up to several hundred days in soils and groundwater. In this study, we report a Dehalobacter- and Desulfovibrio-containing co-culture that exhibits dehalogenation of chloroform (~0.61 mM) to dichloromethane and bromoform (~0.67 mM) to dibromomethane within 10-15 days. This co-culture was further found to dechlorinate 1,1,1-trichloroethane (1,1,1-TCA) (~0.65 mM) to 1,1-dichloroethane within 12 days. The Dehalobacter species present in this co-culture, designated Dehalobacter sp. THM1, was found to couple growth with dehalogenation of chloroform, bromoform, and 1,1,1-TCA. Strain THM1 harbors a newly identified reductive dehalogenase (RDase), ThmA, which catalyzes chloroform, bromoform, and 1,1,1-TCA dehalogenation. Additionally, based on the sequences of thmA and other identified chloroform RDase genes, ctrA, cfrA, and tmrA, a pair of chloroform RDase gene-specific primers were designed and successfully applied to investigate the chloroform dechlorinating potential of microbial communities. The comparative analysis of chloroform RDases with tetrachloroethene RDases suggests a possible approach in predicting the substrate specificity of uncharacterized RDases in the future.


Assuntos
Desulfovibrionaceae/metabolismo , Halogenação , Peptococcaceae/metabolismo , Trialometanos/química , Catálise , Técnicas de Cocultura , Cloreto de Etil/análogos & derivados , Cloreto de Etil/metabolismo , Oxirredutases/metabolismo , Especificidade por Substrato , Trialometanos/metabolismo
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