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1.
An Acad Bras Cienc ; 94(1): e20191161, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35018991

RESUMO

Hershkovitzia Guimarães & D'Andretta, 1956 belongs to Nycteribiidae, composed of hematophagous species exclusively ectoparasites of bats. The new species was collected from the bat Thyroptera devivoi Gregorin, Gonçalves, Lim & Engstrom, 2006 (Chiroptera: Thyropteridae) from Barreirinhas in Maranhão State, Brazil. Herein, we proposed schematic drawings of the abdomen, legs and head. We also proposed an identification key to species of Hershkovitzia.


Assuntos
Quirópteros , Dípteros , Ectoparasitoses , Animais , Brasil , Interações Hospedeiro-Parasita
2.
New Phytol ; 233(1): 52-61, 2022 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34460949

RESUMO

Plant-pollinator interactions provide a natural experiment in signal evolution. Flowers are known to have evolved colour signals that maximise their ease of detection by the visual systems of important pollinators such as bees. Whilst most angiosperms are bee pollinated, our understanding on how the second largest group of pollinating insects, flies, may influence flower colour evolution is limited to the use of categorical models of colour discrimination that do not reflect the small colour differences commonly observed between and within flower species. Here we show by comparing flower signals that occur in different environments including total absence of bees, a mixture of bee and fly pollination within one plant family (Orchidaceae) from a single community, and typical flowers from a broad taxonomic sampling of the same geographic region, that perceptually different colours, empirically measured, do evolve in response to different types of insect pollinators. We show evidence of both convergence among fly-pollinated floral colours but also of divergence and displacement of colour signals in the absence of bee pollinators. Our findings give an insight into how both ecological and agricultural systems may be affected by changes in pollinator distributions around the world.


Assuntos
Dípteros , Orchidaceae , Animais , Abelhas , Cor , Flores , Polinização
3.
Sci Total Environ ; 805: 150302, 2022 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34536880

RESUMO

The risk of graphene oxide (GO) exposure to various species has been greatly amplified in recent years due to its booming production and applications in various fields. However, a deep understanding of the GO biosafety lags its wide applications. Herein, we used W1118 flies as a model organism to study GO toxicity at relatively low concentrations. We found that GO exposure led to remarkable weight loss, delayed development, retarded motion, and shortened lifespan of these flies. On the other hand, the GO influence on their sex ratio and the total number of pupae and adults were insignificant. The toxicological effect of GO was shown to be related to its serious compromise of the nutrient absorption in flies due to the severe damages in midguts. These damages were then attributed to the excessive accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), which triggers the oxidative stress. These findings reveal the underlying mechanisms of GO biotoxicities in fruit flies, which might provide a useful reference to assess the risks of these newly invented nanomaterials likely never encountered by various species before.


Assuntos
Dípteros , Grafite , Animais , Grafite/toxicidade , Óxidos/toxicidade , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio
4.
Chemosphere ; 286(Pt 1): 131030, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34144808

RESUMO

In current times of global change, several sources of stress such as contaminants and high temperatures may act synergistically. The extent to which organisms persist in stressful conditions will depend on the fitness consequences of multiple simultaneously acting stressors and the genetic basis of compensatory genetic responses. Ivermectin is an antiparasitic drug used in livestock that is excreted in dung of treated cattle, causing severe negative consequences on non-target fauna. We evaluated the effect of a combination of heat stress and exposure to ivermectin in the yellow dung fly, Scathophaga stercoraria (Diptera: Scathophagidae). In a first experiment we investigated the effects of high rearing temperature on susceptibility to ivermectin, and in a second experiment we assayed flies from a latitudinal gradient to assess potential effects of local thermal adaptation on ivermectin sensitivity. The combination of heat and ivermectin synergistically reduced offspring survival, revealing severe effects of the two stressors when combined. However, latitudinal populations did not systematically vary in how ivermectin affected offspring survival, body size, development time, cold and heat tolerance. We also found very low narrow-sense heritability of ivermectin sensitivity, suggesting evolutionary constraints for responses to the combination of these stressors beyond immediate maternal or plastic effects. If the revealed patterns hold also for other invertebrates, the combination of increasing climate warming and ivermectin stress may thus have severe consequences for biodiversity. More generally, our study underlines the need for quantitative genetic analyses in understanding wildlife responses to interacting stressors that act synergistically and threat biodiversity.


Assuntos
Dípteros , Ivermectina , Animais , Antiparasitários , Bovinos , Fezes , Resposta ao Choque Térmico , Ivermectina/toxicidade
5.
Sci Total Environ ; 806(Pt 2): 150699, 2022 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34600993

RESUMO

Rapid composting by black soldier fly larvae (BSFL) may be insufficient to maturation and humification of composting and further composting is necessary. The purpose of this study was to explore cornstalk addition on toxic metals (Cu, Zn, Pb and Cd), toxic metals resistance bacterial (TMRB) destiny and their relationship with physicochemical factors during BSFL manure composting. High-throughput sequencing was performed by six treatments, namely T1 to T6, where T1 to T3 were BSFL manures from chicken, pig and dairy manure, respectively, and T4 to T6 were same manures and utilized cornstalk to adjust C/N to 25. The results showed that cornstalk amendment could enhance the toxic metals immobilization rate compared to control treatments in the ultimate product. TMRB indicated that the major potential hosts bacteria were Firmicutes, Bacteroidota, Proteobacteria, Acidobacteriota and Actinobacteriota, and the sum relative abundance were 63.33%, 90.62%, 83.62%, 69.38%, 50.66% and 90.52% in T1 to T6 at the end of composting. Bacteria diversity and heat map revealed composting micro-ecology with additive cornstalk to remarkably effect main resistant bacterial distribution via adjusting environmental factors and potential hosts bacterial. Finally, T5 treatment was able to greatly decrease the TMRB abundance, and improve the ability of composting and ultimate product quality.


Assuntos
Compostagem , Dípteros , Animais , Bactérias , Larva , Esterco , Suínos
6.
Waste Manag ; 137: 9-19, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34700286

RESUMO

Black soldier fly larvae (BSFL) treatment is promising for organic waste valorisation in the circular economy; however, waste variability impacts the process performance and quality of produced larvae. Specifically, variation in the carbohydrate profile of treated wastes has been suggested to have a significant impact on BSFL treatment performance and quality of produced larvae, with particular carbohydrates either positively or negatively influencing these variables. This study examines the hypothesis that the types of carbohydrates within the substrate can have significant influence on larval survival, waste reduction, bioconversion, and waste conversion efficiency, as well as the crude lipid content and fatty acid profiles of the produced larvae. The carbohydrates explored were D glucose, sucrose, D (-) fructose, corn and wheat starch, D (+) galactose, D (+) mannose, D (+) xylose, D (-) arabinose and xylan from beechwood. Young larvae were grown for 9 days on chicken feed-based diets containing various carbohydrate additives each at 20 dry mass %. Treatments containing hemicellulose constituents galactose and arabinose produced the most adverse effects on process performance relative to the benchmark. Xylan was significantly detrimental to bioconversion (-14.7 ± 3.8%) and waste conversion efficiencies (-19.0 ± 4.4%). There were minimal significant effects on performance from mono- and di-saccharides and starch additives. Larvae crude lipid contents were significantly increased by wheat starch (+12.6 ± 3.0%) and decreased by galactose (-15.0 ± 1.4%) and xylan additives (-27.5 ± 3.4%), however fatty acid profiles were largely unaffected and were dominated by lauric acid. These results indicate that despite an otherwise balanced and nutritious substrate, the carbohydrate profile of organic waste should be an important consideration in BSFL treatment when ensuring process performance and larval lipid contents. The consequences of these results for BSFL treatment of real wastes are discussed. Large scale treatment facilities should formulate substrates accordingly and identify methods to mitigate the anti-nutritional effects of poor carbohydrate profiles, particularly those high in hemicelluloses and their constituents.


Assuntos
Carboidratos da Dieta , Dípteros , Animais , Dieta , Ácidos Graxos , Larva
7.
Sci Total Environ ; 806(Pt 4): 151483, 2022 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34742953

RESUMO

The use of nanoparticles (NPs) is rapidly expanding; there is a critical need for efficient assays to first determine the potential toxicity of NPs before their use in human applications. Magnetite nanoparticles (Fe3O4 NPs) have tremendous applications which include cell separation, arsenic removal from water and DNA separation. Spherically shaped Fe3O4 NPs with sizes ranging from 23 to 30 nm were used in this study. The housefly, Musca domestica is the most common fly species. It is present worldwide and considered to be an important medical insect which can carry and transmit over 100 human pathogens and zoonotic agents. It has been used in this study to assess Fe3O4NPs toxicity and give us an overview of their impact. The larvicidal activity of Fe3O4NPs was tested against the third instar larvae of M. domestica. We investigated the effects of six varying concentrations (15, 30, 45, 60, 75 and 90 µg/mL) used under laboratory conditions in two differential application assays: contact and feeding. The LC50 value for Fe3O4 NPs was 60 and 75 µg/mL by feeding and contact, respectively. To investigate the toxicity effects of Fe3O4 NPs on houseflies, morphological and histoarchitectural changes in larvae, pupae and adult flies were analyzed. NP exposure caused morphological abnormalities of larvae and pupae as well as larval pupal intermediates, and deformed adult with crumpled wings. Also, some adults couldn't emerge and remained in their puparia. The histological examinations showed that Fe3O4 NPs caused severe tissue damage especially in the cuticle and the digestive system. Thus, besides affecting the organ of first contact (digestive system), remote organs such as the integument are also targeted by Fe3O4 NPs suggesting a systemic impact on fly development and physiology.


Assuntos
Dípteros , Moscas Domésticas , Nanopartículas de Magnetita , Muscidae , Animais , Humanos , Larva , Nanopartículas de Magnetita/toxicidade , Modelos Biológicos , Pupa
8.
J Environ Manage ; 302(Pt A): 114060, 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34749077

RESUMO

The commingled nature of the municipal solid waste in many developing nations is one of the primary reasons behind the failure to its successful management. Although there are technologies to effectively treat and process well-segregated and classified waste, they are ineffective in managing the commingled waste. Commingled waste has neither calorific value enough to support waste-to-energy operations nor is it suitable for producing quality compost to generate market value. In this article, a novel Black Soldier Fly Larva (BSFL) -based technology has been proposed and tested to auto-segregate and treat the biodegradable fraction of the Commingled Municipal Solid Waste (CMSW). Several BSFL feeding experiments on five different CMSW compositions were conducted at various temperatures and relative humidity conditions. BSFL could selectively consume the biodegradable fraction of the CMSW to convert it into its body mass and separate itself from the rest of the waste, which mainly consisted of inert and recyclable waste fractions that can be further treated using appropriate waste treatment technology. The mature larvae or the pre-pupae grown at the expense of the biodegradable waste fraction can find several commercial uses. The larvae's consumption rate and weight gain were dependent on the environmental conditions; 30 °C and relative humidity of 65-75% provided the highest consumption rate and most significant weight gain. The batch experiments in the laboratory proved that BSFL could be promising for the treatment of CMSW. The experimental data presented may help design a process for further scaling up an effective treatment method for CMSW, which might benefit many developing nations in managing their waste effectively and economically.


Assuntos
Compostagem , Dípteros , Animais , Larva , Resíduos Sólidos
9.
Waste Manag ; 137: 121-127, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34752945

RESUMO

Black soldier fly larvae (BSFL) composting is a treatment in which biodegradable food waste is converted into animal-feed protein and organic fertiliser. BSFL composting has greatest potential for mixed food waste, but under European Union regulations only plant-based waste is permitted as feed for larvae. Biomass conversion efficiency (BCE) in BSFL composting is lower for plant-based waste than for mixed food waste. One way of improving BCE for plant-based waste is to add enzymes to make the waste more available to the larvae, but enzyme pre-treatment is not commonly applied prior to BSFL composting. Therefore this study examined the impact of enzyme pre-treatment duration on process efficiency in BSFL composting of lettuce-cabbage waste pre-treated with enzymes for 0-4 days. The results showed that total solids (TS) in larvae decreased with longer enzyme pre-treatment. Direct addition of enzymes at the start of BSFL treatment (0 day pre-treatment) resulted in 22% higher BCE on a volatile solids (VS) basis compared with the control, while longer pre-treatment did not improve BCE further. Much of the VS was respired in the 0-day pre-treatment, resulting in lower mass of residues at the end of treatment. Longer pre-treatment increased microbial respiration, suggesting that the microbial community consumed more easily available carbohydrates during the pre-treatment step, which counteracted the purpose of enzyme pre-treatment, i.e. increasing BCE during BSFL composting.


Assuntos
Compostagem , Dípteros , Eliminação de Resíduos , Ração Animal , Animais , Duração da Terapia , Humanos , Larva
10.
PLoS One ; 16(12): e0261244, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34941927

RESUMO

Arboviruses are arthropod-dependent viruses to complete their zoonotic cycle. Among the transmitting arthropods, culicids stand out, which participate in the cycle of several arboviruses that can affect humans. The present study aimed to identify species of culicidae and to point out the risk of circulation, emergency, or reemergence of pathogenic arboviruses to humans in the region of the Jequitibá headquarters of the Parque Estadual dos Três Picos (PETP), in Cachoeiras de Macacu, state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Sampling was carried out at five Sample Points (SP) demarcated on trails from the headquarters, with CDC light traps, HP model with dry ice attached to the side, for 48 hours of activity each month. Additionally, active catches were made with a castro catcher in the period of one hour per day in the field, from six to eleven o'clock in the morning, in each PM. After the captures, thematic map was assembled using the ArcGIS 10 software and performing a multidimensional scaling (MDS). A total of 1151 specimens were captured and the presence of culicids already incriminated as vectors of arboviruses circulating in the region was observed: Aedes fluviatilis Lutz, 1904 (71 specimens); Aedes scapularis Rondani, 1848 (55 specimens); Haemagogus leococelaenus Dyar and Shannon, 1924 (29 specimens). In addition to the subgenus Culex (culex) spp. (163 specimens). In this sense, we highlight the importance of strengthening the actions of continuous entomological surveillance of the emergence and re-emergence of new arboviruses in ecotourism visitation parks.


Assuntos
Infecções por Arbovirus/epidemiologia , Culicidae/virologia , Aedes/virologia , Animais , Arbovírus/patogenicidade , Brasil/epidemiologia , Dípteros/patogenicidade , Monitoramento Epidemiológico/veterinária , Mosquitos Vetores/virologia , Estações do Ano , Vigilância de Evento Sentinela/veterinária
11.
Naturwissenschaften ; 109(1): 10, 2021 Dec 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34923603

RESUMO

In a general way, galling insects can induce only one gall morphotype on the host plant species. However, some taxa of galling insects such as Eriococcidae can induce sexually dimorphic galls on the same host. In the present study, Lopesia mataybae (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) induced two gall morphotypes on the leaflets of Matayba guianensis (Sapindaceae), a rare evidence of sexual dimorphism in galls induced by Cecidomyiidae. We investigated the adult emergence of galling insects and the morphological, histological, and histochemical attributes of the gall morphotypes. Both gall morphotypes showed the galling insect in the larval or pupal stage, and the insect adult emergence from different morphotypes was sexually distinct. Galls occupied by females (Globoid) were significantly larger (average height = 4.67 mm. S = 0.43/average width = 4.59 mm. S = 0.70) than galls occupied by males (cylindrical) (average height = 2.95 mm. S = 0.46/average width = 2.34 mm. S = 0.45). Both gall types were composed of elongated cells in the inner cortex and rounded cells in the outer cortex of the vessel-like structure. The globoid galls showed 42 cell layers (14 of them cylindrical, S = 3.86; 28 rounded, S = 5.89) and cylindrical galls showed 29 layers. There were no differences between morphotypes in the histochemical compounds detected. We have shown here significant morphological and histological differences between male and female galls possibly due to the different nutritional requirements of Lopesia mataybae sexes. Therefore, the expression of sexual dimorphism in gall morphotypes may be associated with developmental pathway differentiation between the sexes of L. mataybae.


Assuntos
Dípteros , Sapindaceae , Animais , Feminino , Masculino
12.
Psychiatr Danub ; 33(3): 378-385, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34795187

RESUMO

Stigma is a convoluted interaction between history, sociology, psychology, medicine, anthropology, and politics. Often, stigma is inter-twined at cognitive-emotional-behavioral level with a socio-cultural-economic-political milieu and hence distinct from prejudice, discrimination or, stereotypy. Stigma against diseases as a concept has evolved and has differed among various illnesses. At this time of humanitarian crisis, it is prudent to understand the concept, elements and models of stigma to tackle stigma against COVID-19 instrumentally. Stigma against COVID-19 can be partially extrapolated from various models described in psychiatry for mental illness. We propose an integrated socio-cognitive-emotional-behavioral model of stigma to conceptualize and understand the stigma against COVID-19, a matter of immense public health significance.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Dípteros , Transtornos Mentais , Animais , Cognição , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2 , Estigma Social
13.
Zootaxa ; 5039(2): 222-240, 2021 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34811086

RESUMO

Phyllolabis eiroae sp. nov. and P. martinhalli sp. nov. are described from the centre of the Iberian Peninsula. These two remarkable species were collected using carrion-baited traps, running during winter, in several localities of Madrid province (Spain). The two new species are well differentiated from the other Phyllolabis Osten Sacken species recorded from the Iberian Peninsula, P. savtshenkoi Theowald, and those from the west Palaearctic. An identification key to differentiate the three Phyllolabis species occurring in the Iberian Peninsula is provided. The first images of P. savtshenkoi, based on the holotype and a male specimen recorded from a cave located in Ja (Spain), are also provided.


Assuntos
Dípteros , Distribuição Animal , Estruturas Animais , Animais , Masculino , Nematóceros
14.
Zootaxa ; 5039(2): 179-200, 2021 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34811088

RESUMO

A key to larvae of Ptychopteridae (phantom crane flies) is provided for species inhabiting Northern Europe. The key encompasses seven species, including the previously undescribed larvae of Ptychoptera longicauda (Tonnoir 1919). Larval specimens examined were primarily sampled from sites in Denmark. Larvae were associated with correctly identified adults based on DNA barcode (COI) sequence. In the development of the key, a wide suite of morphological characteristics were examined and evaluated for their utility to separate species. Current distribution maps are provided for all species occurring within Northern Europe. Based on records of larvae from Denmark and Finland, notes on larval habitats are given. We also present flight periods for all species examined during this study. Finally, the status of the enigmatic species Ptychoptera obscura (Peus 1958) is briefly discussed.


Assuntos
Dípteros , Animais , Biologia , Dípteros/genética , Europa (Continente) , Larva/genética , Nematóceros
15.
Zootaxa ; 5039(1): 119-128, 2021 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34811095

RESUMO

Two species of the genus Metatrichia Coquillett, from South America, are described as new to science: Metatrichia barbata sp. nov. and Metatrichia brunneipennis sp. nov. Their relationships with related species are discussed. Metatrichia bulbosa (Osten Sacken, 1877) is registered to Brazil for the first time. A key to New World species of Metatrichia is presented.


Assuntos
Dípteros , Mixomicetos , Distribuição Animal , Animais
16.
Zootaxa ; 5060(2): 125-145, 2021 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34811170

RESUMO

Seven species of tachinid flies reared from herbivorous lepidopterans collected from the deciduous forest canopy at Hokkaido University Tomakomai Experimental Forest (0.2 ha plot), Hokkaido, Japan, are recorded and described: Blepharomyia brevicornis sp. nov. ex Erannis golda Djakonov (Geometridae), Catocala lara Bremer and Orthosia odiosa (Butler) (both Noctuidae); Ctenophorinia grisea Mesnil ex Himeropteryx miraculosa Staudinger (Notodontidae); Blepharipa carbonata (Mesnil) ex Marumba jankowskii (Oberthr) (Sphingidae); Cyzenis equifacialis sp. nov. ex Faristenia geminisignella Ponomarenko (Gelechiidae), Archips crataegana (Hbner), A. nigricauda Walshingham, Epinotia exquisitana Christoph and Pseudohedya gradana Christo (all Tortricidae); Cyzenis tetrasetosa sp. nov. ex Lomographa simplicior (Butler), Operophtera brunnea Nakajima and O. relegata Prout (Geometridae); Eulasiona zimini Mesnil ex Archips crataegana (Hbner), Pseudohedya gradana (Christoph), Rhopobota naevana (Hbner) and Rhopobota sp. (all Tortricidae); Panzeria sp. (nr. japonica Shima) ex Erannis golda Djakonov (Geometridae). The genus Eulasiona Townsend is moved to the subfamily Tachininae from its present position in the subfamily Dexiinae, and the female and puparium of Eulasiona zimini Mesnil are described for the first time. The parasitization rates and life habits of these tachinids are briefly discussed.


Assuntos
Dípteros , Distribuição Animal , Animais , Feminino , Florestas , Japão , Larva , Universidades
17.
Zootaxa ; 5060(2): 81-94, 2021 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34811174

RESUMO

Rhagoletis antioquiensis Rodriguez Norrbom, a new species of fruit fly in the striatella species group of Rhagoletis Loew, is described and illustrated. New distribution records are reported for two other species of the striatella group: R. nicaraguensis Herndez-Ortiz Fras, 2000 is reported from Costa Rica, and R. solanophaga Herndez-Ortiz Fras, 2000 from Bolivia. A lectotype is designated for Urophora scutellaris Macquart, 1851 (= R. macquartii (Loew)). New host plant relationships for three species of Rhagoletis, all reared from fruits, are reported: Acnistus arborescens (L.) Schrtdl. and Witheringia solanacea LHer for R. jamaicensis Foote, 1981 from Colombia; Lycianthes pseudolycioides (Chod. Hassl.) Bitter for R. solanophaga from Bolivia; and Solanum pseudocapsicum L., Solanum tuberosum L. subsp. andigenum (Juz. Burkasov) Hawkes, Solanum interandinum Bitter from Colombia and Solanum americanum Mill. in Peru for undetermined species of the psalida group. The key to species of the striatella group of Herndez-Ortiz Fras (2000) is modified to include R. antioquiensis.


Assuntos
Dípteros , Tephritidae , Animais
18.
Zootaxa ; 5027(2): 269-281, 2021 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34811231

RESUMO

This work analyzes the status of Peruvian species of Ctenodontina Enderlein, provides the description of the hitherto unknown female of Ctenodontina mochica Lamas, and proposes the revalidation of Ctenodontina carrerai (Hull) stat. rev. (currently regarded as a junior synonym of Ctenodontina maya Carrera dAndretta). Additionally, some comments about taxonomy, diagnostic features of male terminalia and distribution of four Peruvian Ctenodontina species, including a modification to the existing key to known species and a map updating their distribution records are given. We report Pachitea Melichar (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae) as prey of Ctenodontina nairae Vieira.


Assuntos
Dípteros , Hemípteros , Animais , Feminino , Masculino , Peru
19.
Zootaxa ; 5027(1): 145-149, 2021 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34811239

RESUMO

The genus Chaetonerius Hendel has 25 valid species, predominantly distributed in the Afrotropical Region with only three species recorded for the Oriental Region. Herein, we describe a new species, Chaetonerius colavitei sp. n., from material collected in Thailand and Malaysia.


Assuntos
Dípteros , Distribuição Animal , Animais
20.
Zootaxa ; 5005(3): 317-328, 2021 Jul 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34811257

RESUMO

The genus Botanophila Lioy has several species distributed in North America, but none had been recorded from Mexico. Here we describe three new species of Botanophila from the highlands of the Mexican Transition Zone. We include images of habitus, drawings of the terminalia and a key to facilitate the identification of species. Remarkably, the male of the new species has dichoptic eyes, an unusual characteristic in Anthomyiidae.


Assuntos
Dípteros , Animais , Masculino , México
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