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1.
JASA Express Lett ; 3(1): 015201, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36725533

RESUMO

Studies have shown deep neural networks (DNN) as a potential tool for classifying dysarthric speakers and controls. However, representations used to train DNNs are largely not clinically interpretable, which limits clinical value. Here, a model with a bottleneck layer is trained to jointly learn a classification label and four clinically-interpretable features. Evaluation of two dysarthria subtypes shows that the proposed method can flexibly trade-off between improved classification accuracy and discovery of clinically-interpretable deficit patterns. The analysis using Shapley additive explanation shows the model learns a representation consistent with the disturbances that define the two dysarthria subtypes considered in this work.


Assuntos
Aprendizado Profundo , Disartria , Humanos , Disartria/diagnóstico , Redes Neurais de Computação
2.
J Speech Lang Hear Res ; 66(1): 126-153, 2023 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36608288

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study examined spontaneous, spoken-to-a-model, and two sung modes in speakers with Parkinson's disease (PD), speakers with cerebellar disease (CD), and healthy controls. Vocal performance was measured by intelligibility scores and listeners' perceptual ratings. METHOD: Participants included speakers with hypokinetic dysarthria secondary to PD, those with ataxic dysarthria secondary to CD, and healthy speakers. Participants produced utterances in four vocal modes: spontaneous speech, spoken-to-a-model, sung-to-a-model, and spontaneous singing. For spoken-to-a-model and sung-to-a-model modes, written material was provided the model. For spontaneous singing, participants sang songs that they endorsed as familiar. DEPENDENT VARIABLES: In Experiment I, listeners orthographically transcribed the audio samples of the first three vocal modes. In Experiment IIa, raters evaluated the accuracy of the pitch and rhythm of the spontaneous singing of familiar songs. Finally, familiar songs and sung-to-a-model utterances were rated on a competency scale by a second group of raters (Experiment IIb). RESULTS: Results showed increases in intelligibility during the spoken-to-a-model mode compared with the spontaneous mode in both PD and CD groups. Singing enhanced the vocal output of speakers with PD more than in speakers with CD, as measured by percent intelligibility. PD participants' pitch and rhythm accuracy and competency in singing familiar songs was rated more favorably than those produced by CD participants. CONCLUSIONS: The findings reveal a vocal task effect for spoken utterances in both groups. Sung exemplars, more impaired in CD, suggest a significant involvement of the cerebellum in singing. SUPPLEMENTAL MATERIAL: https://doi.org/10.23641/asha.21809544.


Assuntos
Música , Doença de Parkinson , Canto , Ataxias Espinocerebelares , Humanos , Inteligibilidade da Fala , Doença de Parkinson/complicações , Disartria/etiologia , Ataxias Espinocerebelares/complicações
3.
J Speech Lang Hear Res ; 66(1): 110-125, 2023 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36623233

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Dysarthria is common among children with cerebral palsy (CP) and results in poor speech intelligibility and subsequently low communicative participation. Neuroplasticity evidence suggests that adherence to principles of motor learning (PML) improves motor speech intervention outcomes. Motor speech interventions aim to improve speech intelligibility and ultimately facilitate participation, but the effectiveness of these interventions and their inclusion of PML are not clear. Aims are as follows: (a) evaluate the effectiveness motor speech interventions in improving speech intelligibility; (b) summarize the aims, outcome measures, and outcomes relating to the International Classification of Functioning and Disability Child and Youth; and (c) summarize the principles of motor learning used in the intervention. METHOD: Eight databases were searched, complemented by a hand search. Studies of any level of evidence were included if they used a motor speech intervention and measured speech in children with CP aged 0-18 years. Studies before 2000 or not in English were excluded. The review was conducted and reported according to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. Study quality was rated using the Single Case Experimental Design Scale and Physiotherapy Evidence Database-P rating scales. The strength of evidence was evaluated with Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation. RESULTS: Of 1,036 initial articles, 21 were included. Eight interventions were identified including 131 participants aged 3-18 years. All studies aimed to improve speech intelligibility or articulation and reported improvement at sound, word, or sentence level. One study reported improvements in communicative participation. The strength of evidence ranged from very low to moderate for one intervention. Adherence to PML was inconsistent. CONCLUSIONS: The quality of evidence is very low to moderate. More research on motor speech interventions that adhere to PML is required. SUPPLEMENTAL MATERIAL: https://doi.org/10.23641/asha.21817959.


Assuntos
Paralisia Cerebral , Crianças com Deficiência , Adolescente , Criança , Humanos , Paralisia Cerebral/complicações , Inteligibilidade da Fala , Disartria/etiologia , Disartria/terapia , Cognição
4.
Trials ; 24(1): 57, 2023 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36698201

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dysarthria after stroke is when speech intelligibility is impaired, and this occurs in half of all stroke survivors. Dysarthria often leads to social isolation, poor psychological well-being and can prevent return to work and social lives. Currently, a variety of outcome measures are used in clinical research and practice when monitoring recovery for people who have dysarthria. When research studies use different measures, it is impossible to compare results from trials and delays our understanding of effective clinical treatments. The aim of this study is to develop a core outcome set (COS) to agree what aspects of speech recovery should be measured for dysarthria after stroke (COS-Speech) in research and clinical practice. METHODS: The COS-Speech study will include five steps: (1) development of a long list of possible outcome domains of speech that should be measured to guide the survey; (2) recruitment to the COS-Speech study of three key stakeholder groups in the UK and Australia: stroke survivors, communication researchers and speech and language therapists/pathologists; (3) two rounds of the Delphi survey process; (4) a consensus meeting to agree the speech outcomes to be measured and a follow-up consensus meeting to match existing instruments/measures (from parallel systematic review) to the agreed COS-Speech; (5) dissemination of COS-Speech. DISCUSSION: There is currently no COS for dysarthria after stroke for research trials or clinical practice. The findings from this research study will be a minimum COS, for use in all dysarthria research studies and clinical practice looking at post-stroke recovery of speech. These findings will be widely disseminated using professional and patient networks, research and clinical forums as well as using a variety of academic papers, videos, accessible writing such as blogs and links on social media. TRIAL REGISTRATION: COS-Speech is registered with the Core Outcome Measures in Effectiveness Trials (COMET) database, October 2021 https://www.comet-initiative.org/Studies/Details/1959 . In addition, "A systematic review of the psychometric properties and clinical utility of instruments measuring dysarthria after stroke" will inform the consensus meeting to match measures to COS-Speech. The protocol for the systematic reviews registered with the International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews. PROSPERO registration number: CRD42022302998 .


Assuntos
Disartria , Fala , Humanos , Disartria/diagnóstico , Disartria/etiologia , Disartria/terapia , Projetos de Pesquisa , Técnica Delfos , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
BMC Neurol ; 23(1): 32, 2023 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36670390

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The carriers of damaging heterozygous variants in interferon regulatory factor 2 binding protein-like (IRF2BPL), encoding a member of the IRF2BP family of transcriptional regulators, may be affected by a variety of neurological symptoms, such as neurodevelopmental regression, language and motor developmental delay, seizures, progressive ataxia and a lack of coordination, and even dystonia. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a Chinese boy who presented with dystonia, dysarthria, and normal development due to nonsense IRF2BPL mutation, with intact imaging and EEG findings but without developmental delays or seizures. Whole-exome sequencing revealed a novel nonsense variant IRF2BPL (NM_024496) Exon C.562C > T (p.Arg188*). CONCLUSION: This case report presents a Chinese boy with a novel nonsense variant in IRF2BPL, displaying rapid progressive dystonia and dysarthria, without early developmental delay or epilepsy; expands the IRF2BPL phenotypes in the Chinese population; and raises awareness of patients with IRF2BPL.


Assuntos
Distonia , Distúrbios Distônicos , Humanos , Distonia/genética , Disartria , Mutação , Convulsões/genética , Idioma , Proteínas de Transporte/genética , Proteínas Nucleares/genética
7.
J Neurol Sci ; 444: 120527, 2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36563608

RESUMO

Spinocerebellar ataxia type 31 (SCA31) is an autosomal dominant disease, classified amongst pure cerebellar ataxias (ADCA type 3). While SCA31 is the third most prevalent autosomal dominant ataxia in Japan, it is extremely rare in other countries. A literature review was conducted on PubMed, where we included all case reports and studies describing the clinical presentation of original SCA31 cases. The clinical and radiological features of 374 patients issued from 25 studies were collected. This review revealed that the average age of onset was 59.1 ± 3.3 years, with symptoms of slowly progressing ataxia and dysarthria. Other common clinical features were oculomotor dysfunction (38.8%), dysphagia (22.1%), hypoacousia (23.3%), vibratory hypoesthesia (24.3%), and dysreflexia (41.6%). Unfrequently, abnormal movements (7.4%), extrapyramidal symptoms (4.5%) and cognitive impairment (6.9%) may be observed. Upon radiological examination, clinicians can expect a high prevalence of cerebellar atrophy (78.7%), occasionally accompanied by brainstem (9.1%) and cortical (9.1%) atrophy. Although SCA31 is described as a slowly progressive pure cerebellar syndrome characterized by cerebellar signs such as ataxia, dysarthria and oculomotor dysfunction, this study evaluated a high prevalence of extracerebellar manifestations. Extracerebellar signs were observed in 52.5% of patients, primarily consisting of dysreflexia, vibratory hypoesthesia and hypoacousia. Nonetheless, we must consider the old age and longstanding disease course of patients as a confounding factor for extracerebellar sign development, as some may not be directly attributable to SCA31. Clinicians should consider SCA31 in patients with a hereditary, pure cerebellar syndrome and in patients with extracerebellar signs.


Assuntos
Ataxia Cerebelar , Ataxias Espinocerebelares , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Disartria/complicações , Hipestesia , Ataxias Espinocerebelares/complicações , Ataxias Espinocerebelares/diagnóstico por imagem , Ataxias Espinocerebelares/genética , Ataxia Cerebelar/complicações , Atrofia/complicações
8.
J Speech Lang Hear Res ; 66(1): 30-47, 2023 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36480697

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Although recruitment of cognitive-linguistic resources to support dysarthric speech perception and adaptation is presumed by theoretical accounts of effortful listening and supported by cross-disciplinary empirical findings, prospective relationships have received limited attention in the disordered speech literature. This study aimed to examine the predictive relationships between cognitive-linguistic parameters and intelligibility outcomes associated with familiarization with dysarthric speech in young adult listeners. METHOD: A cohort of 156 listener participants between the ages of 18 and 50 years completed a three-phase perceptual training protocol (pretest, training, and posttest) with one of three speakers with dysarthria. Additionally, listeners completed the National Institutes of Health Toolbox Cognition Battery to obtain measures of the following cognitive-linguistic constructs: working memory, inhibitory control of attention, cognitive flexibility, processing speed, and vocabulary knowledge. RESULTS: Elastic net regression models revealed that select cognitive-linguistic measures and their two-way interactions predicted both initial intelligibility and intelligibility improvement of dysarthric speech. While some consistency across models was shown, unique constellations of select cognitive factors and their interactions predicted initial intelligibility and intelligibility improvement of the three different speakers with dysarthria. CONCLUSIONS: Current findings extend empirical support for theoretical models of speech perception in adverse listening conditions to dysarthric speech signals. Although predictive relationships were complex, vocabulary knowledge, working memory, and cognitive flexibility often emerged as important variables across the models.


Assuntos
Inteligibilidade da Fala , Percepção da Fala , Humanos , Adulto Jovem , Adolescente , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Disartria/psicologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Cognição
9.
J Speech Lang Hear Res ; 66(1): 154-162, 2023 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36525626

RESUMO

PURPOSE: While dysarthria and dysphagia are known bulbar manifestations of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), the relative prevalence of speech and swallowing impairments and whether these bulbar symptoms emerge at the same time point or progress at similar rates is not yet clear. We, therefore, sought to determine the relative prevalence of speech and swallowing impairments in a cohort of individuals with ALS and to determine the impact of disease duration, severity, and onset type on bulbar impairments. METHOD: Eighty-eight individuals with a confirmed diagnosis of ALS completed the ALS Functional Rating Scale-Revised (ALSFRS-R), underwent videofluoroscopy (VF), and completed the Sentence Intelligibility Test (SIT) during a single visit. Demographic variables including disease duration and onset type were also obtained from participants. Duplicate, independent, and blinded ratings were completed using the Dynamic Imaging Grade of Swallowing Toxicity (DIGEST) scale and SIT to index dysphagia (DIGEST ≥ 1) and dysarthria (< 96% intelligible and/or < 150 words per minute) status. Descriptive statistics, Pearson chi-squared tests, independent-samples t tests, and odds ratios were performed. RESULTS: Dysphagia and dysarthria were instrumentally confirmed in 68% and 78% of individuals with ALS, respectively. Dysarthria and dysphagia were associated (p = .01), and bulbar impairment profile distributions in rank order included (a) dysphagia - dysarthria (59%, n = 52), (b) no dysphagia - dysarthria (19%, n = 17), (c) no dysphagia - no dysarthria (13%, n = 11), and (d) dysphagia - no dysarthria (9%, n = 8). Participants with dysphagia or dysarthria demonstrated 4.2 higher odds of exhibiting a bulbar impairment in the other domain than participants with normal speech and swallowing (95% CI [1.5, 12.2]). There were no differences in ALSFRS-R total scores or disease duration across bulbar impairment profiles (p > .05). ALSFRS-R bulbar subscale scores were significantly lower in individuals with dysphagia versus no dysphagia (8.4 vs. 10.4, p < .0001) and dysarthria versus no dysarthria (8.5 vs. 10.9, p < .0001). Dysphagia and onset type (p = .003) and dysarthria and onset type were associated (p < .0001). CONCLUSIONS: Over half of the individuals with ALS in this study demonstrated both dysphagia and dysarthria. Of those with only one bulbar impairment, speech was twice as likely to be the first bulbar symptom to degrade. Future studies are needed to confirm these findings and determine the longitudinal progression of bulbar impairments in this patient population.


Assuntos
Esclerose Amiotrófica Lateral , Transtornos de Deglutição , Humanos , Esclerose Amiotrófica Lateral/complicações , Esclerose Amiotrófica Lateral/diagnóstico , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Transtornos de Deglutição/epidemiologia , Transtornos de Deglutição/etiologia , Transtornos de Deglutição/diagnóstico , Disartria/epidemiologia , Disartria/etiologia , Deglutição
10.
J Acoust Soc Am ; 152(5): 2675, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36456260

RESUMO

This article reports on vowel clarity metrics based on spectrotemporal modulations of speech signals. Motivated by previous findings on the relevance of modulation-based metrics for speech intelligibility assessment and pathology classification, the current study used factor analysis to identify regions within a bi-dimensional modulation space, the magnitude power spectrum, as in Elliott and Theunissen [(2009). PLoS Comput. Biol. 5(3), e1000302] by relating them to a set of conventional acoustic metrics of vowel space area and vowel distinctiveness. Two indices based on the energy ratio between high and low modulation rates across temporal and spectral dimensions of the modulation space emerged from the analyses. These indices served as input for measurements of central tendency and classification analyses that aimed to identify vowel-related speech impairments in French native speakers with head and neck cancer (HNC) and Parkinson dysarthria (PD). Following the analysis, vowel-related speech impairment was identified in HNC speakers, but not in PD. These results were consistent with findings based on subjective evaluations of speech intelligibility. The findings reported are consistent with previous studies indicating that impaired speech is associated with attenuation in energy in higher spectrotemporal modulation bands.


Assuntos
Disartria , Distúrbios da Fala , Humanos , Disartria/diagnóstico , Inteligibilidade da Fala , Acústica , Idioma
11.
BMC Neurol ; 22(1): 501, 2022 Dec 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36564762

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Little is known about the self-perceived level of disability of stroke survivors in the community. We aimed to characterise Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) 1 year after stroke and investigate how sociodemographic and stroke-related factors and medical adherence explain the self-perceived level of disability in a Korean stroke population. METHODS: This was a multicentre cross-sectional study. A total of 382 ischaemic stroke survivors at 1 year after onset from 11 university hospitals underwent a one-session assessment, including socioeconomic variables, the modified Rankin Scale (mRS), various neurological sequelae, the Morisky, Green and Levin-Medication Adherence Questionnaire (MGL), and the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule 2.0 (WHODAS 2.0) 36-items. The relationship between disability and different variables was analysed using ordinal logistic regression. RESULTS: The prevalence of disability based on global WHODAS 2.0 was 62.6% (mild, 41.6%; moderate, 16.0%; severe, 5.0%). The prevalence of severe disability was higher in participation in society (16.8%) and getting around (11.8%) than in other domains. Low MGL- motivation was the only factor determining a significant association between all six domains of disability after adjustment. Different predictors for specific domains were age, mRS, dysarthria, trouble seeing, cognition problems, and MGL-motivation for understanding and communicating; age, recurrent stroke, mRS, hemiplegia, facial palsy, general weakness, and MGL-motivation for getting around; age, education, mRS, hemiplegia, and MGL-motivation for self-care; education, recurrent stroke, hemiplegia, dysarthria, and MGL-motivation for getting along with people; age, education, income, mRS, hemiplegia, dysarthria, MGL-knowledge, and MGL-motivation for life activities; living without a spouse, mRS, hemiplegia, dysarthria, trouble seeing, cognition problems, general weakness, and MGL-motivation for participation in society. CONCLUSIONS: Self-perceived disability according to the WHODAS 2.0 at 1 year after stroke was highly prevalent. Each disability domain showed a different prevalence and associated factors. Interventions promoting medical adherence to motivation seemed to help achieve high HRQoL in all domains.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Humanos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Atividades Cotidianas , Estudos Transversais , Qualidade de Vida , Disartria , Hemiplegia , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Avaliação da Deficiência
12.
BMC Neurol ; 22(1): 485, 2022 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36522715

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Neurological symptoms and radiographic abnormalities may remain in a small proportion of patients with metronidazole-induced encephalopathy (MIE). Although experimental animal models of MIE have suggested a Wernicke's encephalopathy-like pathology, little is known about the histopathological features of MIE. Here we report the first autopsy case of irreversible MIE. CASE PRESENTATION: A 72-year-old Japanese woman with pancreatic neuroendocrine tumour and metastatic tumours in the liver developed intraabdominal bleeding from a hepatic abscess. She was administered metronidazole for 79 days (1.5 g/day), which caused dysarthria followed by hand tremor and altered mental status. Brain magnetic resonance imaging at the time of onset revealed hyperintensities in the deep white matter of the bilateral parietal lobes and splenium of the corpus callosum on diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) with reduced apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values. Despite the improvement of dysarthria and hand tremor, her cognition remained affected even after the withdrawal of metronidazole. She died of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumour at the age of 74 years. Histopathological examinations of the brain confirmed a combination of severe demyelination and moderate axonal degeneration, which corresponded to the regions showing abnormal signal intensities on DWI with reduced ADC values. There were no pathological findings suggestive of Wernicke's encephalopathy in the brain. CONCLUSION: We have demonstrated the clinical, radiographic and histopathological aspects of irreversible MIE. Hyperintensities on DWI with reduced ADC values in affected regions may indicate a poor clinical prognosis due to irreversible pathological damage.


Assuntos
Encefalopatias , Neoplasias Pancreáticas , Encefalopatia de Wernicke , Feminino , Humanos , Metronidazol/efeitos adversos , Encefalopatia de Wernicke/patologia , Disartria , Autopsia , Tremor , Encefalopatias/induzido quimicamente , Encefalopatias/diagnóstico por imagem , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Imagem de Difusão por Ressonância Magnética/métodos
13.
Arq Neuropsiquiatr ; 80(10): 1017-1025, 2022 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36535286

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Individuals with spinocerebellar ataxia type 3 (SCA3) present communication and swallowing disorders, and consequent deterioration in quality of life (QOL). OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of a speech therapy rehabilitation program on the QOL of patients with SCA3. METHODS: All participants were randomly assigned to two groups, an intervention group receiving speech therapy (STG) and a control group (CG). The International Cooperative Ataxia Rating Scale scores were 32.4 ± 20.2, and the Scale for the Assessment and Rating of Ataxia scores were 11.8 ± 8.0. The intervention consisted of a 12-session speech therapy rehabilitation program with oral, pharyngeal, and laryngeal strengthening exercises-the so-called ATAXIA-Myofunctional Orofacial and Vocal Therapy (A-MOVT). They all were submitted to pre- and postintervention evaluations using the World Health Organization's Quality of Life (WHOQOL-BREF) assessment, as well as the Living with Dysarthria (LwD), Quality of Life in Swallowing Disorders (SWAL-QOL), and Food Assessment Tool (EAT-10). RESULTS: The study sample consisted of 48 patients with SCA3 (STG = 25; CG = 23), mean age was 47.1 ± 11.4 years; mean age at symptom onset was 36.9 ± 11.3 years; disease duration was 11.9 ± 13.3 years. After the 3-month intervention, there were significant changes in the QOL in the STG compared with the CG, when assessed by the LwD (179.12 ± 62.55 vs. 129.88 ± 51.42, p < 0.001), SWAL-QOL (869.43 ± 153.63 vs. 911.60 ± 130.90, p = 0.010), and EAT-10 (5.16 ± 7.55 vs. 2.08 ± 3.85, p = 0.018). CONCLUSIONS: Patients with SCA3 should receive continuous speech therapy as part of the A-MOVT program, because therapy helps to improve difficulty swallowing and dysarthria.


ANTECEDENTES: Indivíduos com ataxia espinocerebelar tipo 3 (AEC3) apresentam distúrbios da comunicação e deterioração da deglutição e, consequentemente, na qualidade de vida (QV). OBJETIVO: Avaliar o impacto de um programa de reabilitação fonoaudiológica na QV em pacientes com AEC3. MéTODOS: Todos os participantes foram alocados aleatoriamente em dois grupos, um grupo intervenção que recebeu terapia fonoaudiológica (GTF) e um grupo controle (GC). As pontuações das escalas: International Cooperative Ataxia Rating Scale (ICARS) foram 32,4 ± 20,2 e da Scale for the Assessment and Rating of Ataxia (SARA) foram 11,8 ± 8,0. A intervenção consistiu em um programa de reabilitação fonoaudiológica de 12 sessões composto por exercícios de fortalecimento oral, faríngeo e laríngeo - denominados ATAXIA - Terapia Miofuncional Orofacial e Vocal (A-TMOV). Todos foram submetidos a avaliações pré e pós-intervenção por meio dos protocolos World Health Organization's Quality of Life (WHOQOL-BREF), Vivendo com Disartria (VcD), Quality of Life in Swallowing Disorders (SWAL-QOL) e Food Assessment Tool (EAT-10). RESULTADOS: A amostra foi composta por 48 pacientes com AEC3 (25 no GTF e 23 no GC), média de idade 47,1 ± 11,4anos; média de idade de início dos sintomas 36,9 ± 11,3anos; duração da doença 11,9 ± 13,3anos. Após intervenção de três meses, houve mudanças significativas na QV no GTF em comparação com o GC quando avaliado pelo VcD (179,12 ± 62,55 versus129,88 ± 51,42, p < 0,001), SWAL-QOL (869,43 ± 153,63 versus 911,60 ± 130,90, p = 0,010), EAT-10 (5,16 ± 7,55 versus 2,08 ± 3,85, p = 0,018). CONCLUSõES: Pacientes com AEC3 devem receber terapia fonoaudiológica contínua como parte do programa A-TMOV, pois a terapia ajuda a melhorar a dificuldade de deglutição e a disartria.


Assuntos
Ataxia Cerebelar , Transtornos de Deglutição , Doença de Machado-Joseph , Humanos , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Transtornos de Deglutição/etiologia , Qualidade de Vida , Disartria , Fonoterapia , Ataxia
14.
J Neurol Sci ; 443: 120493, 2022 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36410186

RESUMO

The spinocerebellar ataxias (SCA) are a heterogeneous group of neurodegenerative disorders with an autosomal dominant inheritance. Symptoms include poor coordination and balance, peripheral neuropathy, impaired vision, incontinence, respiratory insufficiency, dysphagia, and dysarthria. Although many patients with SCA have respiratory-related complications, the exact mechanism and extent of this pathology remain unclear. This review aims to provide an update on the recent clinical and preclinical scientific findings on neuropathology causing respiratory insufficiency in SCA.


Assuntos
Transtornos de Deglutição , Neurologia , Insuficiência Respiratória , Ataxias Espinocerebelares , Humanos , Ataxias Espinocerebelares/complicações , Ataxias Espinocerebelares/genética , Disartria
15.
Iran J Med Sci ; 47(6): 608-611, 2022 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36380974

RESUMO

Severe hyperkalemia usually presents as cardiac or neurologic manifestations. We report a case of a 63-year-old Caucasian woman, who was admitted to Namazi Hospital, affiliated with Shiraz University of Medical Sciences (Shiraz, Iran) in August 2019. The patient suffered from left-sided weakness and slurred speech for one hour prior to admission. Initially, the patient was treated for acute ischemic stroke, and an intravenous recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (IV-rTPA) was prescribed. However, further investigations showed severe hyperkalemia. Hemiparesis and slurred speech improved significantly with appropriate management of hyperkalemia. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case of hyperkalemia masquerading as acute ischemic stroke without evidence of concomitant central nervous system malignancies, large vessel atherosclerosis, or recreational drug abuse. Stroke mimics due to hyperkalemia should be considered in any patient with simultaneous sudden onset of focal neurologic deficits and tall peaked T waves, particularly in the context of renal failure and a history of potassium-sparing drug use.


Assuntos
Hiperpotassemia , AVC Isquêmico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ativador de Plasminogênio Tecidual/uso terapêutico , Hiperpotassemia/complicações , Hiperpotassemia/diagnóstico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/complicações , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/tratamento farmacológico , Paresia/complicações , Paresia/tratamento farmacológico , Disartria/complicações , Disartria/tratamento farmacológico
16.
Am J Speech Lang Pathol ; 31(6): 2789-2805, 2022 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36327495

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study investigated the effects of three clear speech variants on sentence intelligibility and speaking effort for speakers with Parkinson's disease (PD) and age- and sex-matched neurologically healthy controls. METHOD: Fourteen speakers with PD and 14 neurologically healthy speakers participated. Each speaker was recorded reading 18 sentences from the Speech Intelligibility Test in their habitual speaking style and for three clear speech variants: clear (SC; given instructions to speak clearly), hearing impaired (HI; given instructions to speak with someone with a hearing impairment), and overenunciate (OE; given instructions to overenunciate each word). Speakers rated the amount of physical and mental effort exerted during each speaking condition using visual analog scales (averaged to yield a metric of overall speaking effort). Sentence productions were orthographically transcribed by 50 naive listeners. Linear mixed-effects models were used to compare intelligibility and speaking effort across the clear speech variants. RESULTS: Intelligibility was reduced for the PD group in comparison to the control group only in the habitual condition. All clear speech variants significantly improved intelligibility above habitual levels for the PD group, with OE maximizing intelligibility, followed by the SC and HI conditions. Both groups rated speaking effort to be significantly higher for both the OE and HI conditions versus the SC and habitual conditions. DISCUSSION: For speakers with PD, all clear speech variants increased intelligibility to a level comparable to that of healthy controls. All clear speech variants were also associated with higher levels of speaking effort than habitual speech for the speakers with PD. Clinically, findings suggest that clear speech training programs consider using the instruction "overenunciate" for maximizing intelligibility. Future research is needed to identify if high levels of speaking effort elicited by the clear speech variants affect long-term sustainability of the intelligibility benefit.


Assuntos
Perda Auditiva , Doença de Parkinson , Humanos , Acústica da Fala , Doença de Parkinson/complicações , Doença de Parkinson/diagnóstico , Nafazolina , Inteligibilidade da Fala , Medida da Produção da Fala , Perda Auditiva/complicações , Disartria/etiologia , Disartria/complicações
17.
J Speech Lang Hear Res ; 65(11): 4112-4132, 2022 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36306508

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to use acoustic and kinematic speech measures to characterize type of motor speech impairment-apraxia of speech (AOS) versus dysarthria-in individuals with four-repeat tauopathy (4RT)-associated syndromes, including nonfluent variant primary progressive aphasia (nfvPPA), primary progressive AOS (PPAOS), corticobasal syndrome (CBS), and progressive supranuclear palsy syndrome (PSPs). METHOD: Twenty patient participants were recruited and stratified into two groups: (a) a motor-speech-impaired group of individuals with nfvPPA, PPAOS, CBS, or PSPs and suspected 4RT pathology ("MSI+") and (b) a non-motor-speech-impaired group of individuals with logopenic variant primary progressive aphasia ("MSI-"). Ten healthy, age-matched controls also participated in the study. Participants completed a battery of speech tasks, and 15 acoustic and kinematic speech measures were derived. Quantitative speech measures were grouped into feature categories ("AOS features," "dysarthria features," "shared features"). In addition to quantitative speech measures, two certified speech-language pathologists made independent, blinded auditory-perceptual ratings of motor speech impairment. A principal component analysis (PCA) was conducted to investigate the relative contributions of quantitative features. RESULTS: Quantitative speech measures were generally concordant with independent clinician ratings of motor speech impairment severity. Hypothesis-driven groupings of quantitative measures differentiated predominantly apraxic from predominantly dysarthric presentations within the MSI+ group. PCA results provided additional evidence for differential profiles of motor speech impairment in the MSI+ group; heterogeneity across individuals is explained in large part by varying levels of overall severity-captured by the shared feature variable group-and degree of apraxia severity, as measured by the AOS feature variable group. CONCLUSIONS: Quantitative features reveal heterogeneity of MSI in the 4RT group in terms of both overall severity and subtype of MSI. Results suggest the potential for acoustic and kinematic speech assessment methods to inform characterization of motor speech impairment in 4RT-associated syndromes. SUPPLEMENTAL MATERIAL: https://doi.org/10.23641/asha.21401778.


Assuntos
Afasia Primária Progressiva , Afasia , Apraxias , Afasia Primária Progressiva não Fluente , Tauopatias , Humanos , Fala , Disartria , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Apraxias/etiologia , Acústica
18.
J Med Internet Res ; 24(10): e40567, 2022 10 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36264608

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Most individuals with Parkinson disease (PD) experience a degradation in their speech intelligibility. Research on the use of automatic speech recognition (ASR) to assess intelligibility is still sparse, especially when trying to replicate communication challenges in real-life conditions (ie, noisy backgrounds). Developing technologies to automatically measure intelligibility in noise can ultimately assist patients in self-managing their voice changes due to the disease. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to pilot-test and validate the use of a customized web-based app to assess speech intelligibility in noise in individuals with dysarthria associated with PD. METHODS: In total, 20 individuals with dysarthria associated with PD and 20 healthy controls (HCs) recorded a set of sentences using their phones. The Google Cloud ASR API was used to automatically transcribe the speakers' sentences. An algorithm was created to embed speakers' sentences in +6-dB signal-to-noise multitalker babble. Results from ASR performance were compared to those from 30 listeners who orthographically transcribed the same set of sentences. Data were reduced into a single event, defined as a success if the artificial intelligence (AI) system transcribed a random speaker or sentence as well or better than the average of 3 randomly chosen human listeners. These data were further analyzed by logistic regression to assess whether AI success differed by speaker group (HCs or speakers with dysarthria) or was affected by sentence length. A discriminant analysis was conducted on the human listener data and AI transcriber data independently to compare the ability of each data set to discriminate between HCs and speakers with dysarthria. RESULTS: The data analysis indicated a 0.8 probability (95% CI 0.65-0.91) that AI performance would be as good or better than the average human listener. AI transcriber success probability was not found to be dependent on speaker group. AI transcriber success was found to decrease with sentence length, losing an estimated 0.03 probability of transcribing as well as the average human listener for each word increase in sentence length. The AI transcriber data were found to offer the same discrimination of speakers into categories (HCs and speakers with dysarthria) as the human listener data. CONCLUSIONS: ASR has the potential to assess intelligibility in noise in speakers with dysarthria associated with PD. Our results hold promise for the use of AI with this clinical population, although a full range of speech severity needs to be evaluated in future work, as well as the effect of different speaking tasks on ASR.


Assuntos
Doença de Parkinson , Percepção da Fala , Humanos , Disartria/etiologia , Disartria/complicações , Doença de Parkinson/complicações , Inteligência Artificial , Inteligibilidade da Fala
20.
Behav Neurol ; 2022: 1224680, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36225387

RESUMO

The purpose of the study is to investigate how much of variance in Parkinson's Disease (PD) individuals' speech intelligibility could be predicted by seven speech fluency indicators (i.e., repetition, omission, distortion, correction, unfilled pauses, filled pauses, and speaking rate). Speech data were retrieved from a database containing a reading task produced by a group of 16 English-speaking individuals with PD (Jaeger, Trivedi & Stadtchnitzer, 2019). The results from a multiple regression indicated that an addition of 54% of variance in the speech intelligibility scores among individuals with PD could be accounted for after the speakers' PD severity level measured based on Hoehn and Yahr's (1967) disease stage was included as a covariate. In addition, omission and correction were the two fluency indicators that contributed to the general intelligibility score in a statistically significant way. Specifically, for every one-unit gain in the number of correction and omission, speech intelligibility scores would decline by 0.687 and 0.131 point (out of a 7-point scale), respectively. The current study hence supported Magee, Copland, and Vogel's (2019) view that the language production abilities and quantified dysarthria measures among individuals with PD should be explored together. Additionally, the clinical implications based on the current findings were discussed.


Assuntos
Doença de Parkinson , Inteligibilidade da Fala , Disartria , Humanos , Idioma , Medida da Produção da Fala/métodos
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