Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 81.560
Filtrar
1.
BMC Cancer ; 22(1): 505, 2022 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35524225

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We aim to investigate the prognostic value of weight loss during radiotherapy (RT) among patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). METHODS: A total of 1149 NPC patients who received radical RT were retrospectively analyzed. Patients' weight were measured at initiation of RT (WPre-RT) and every week during RT (WRT1,2,3,4,5,6,7). Percentage of weight loss (PWL) at 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, 6th, and 7th week of RT (RT-PWL1,2,3,4,5,6,7) were calculated using the following equation: (WPre-RT -WRT1,2,3,4,5,6,7)/WPre-RT × 100%. The optimal threshold of RT-PWL7 was determined by recursive partitioning analyses (RPAs). Our endpoints included disease-free survival (DFS), overall survival (OS), distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS), and locoregional relapse-free survival (LRRFS). RESULTS: The median RT-PWLs were 0, 0, 1.5, 2.9, 4.1, 5.5, 6.6% at 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, 6th, and 7th week of RT, respectively. RT-PWL7 optimal threshold with respect to DFS was 5.3% based on RPAs. Therefore, a consistent threshold of 5% (<5% vs > ≥5%) was selected to classify NPC patients into low RT-PWL7 and high RT-PWL7 groups for survival analysis. Compared to high RT-PWL7 (≥5%), patients with low RT-PWL7 (< 5%) had significantly better ten-year DFS (61.2% vs 78.8%; P < 0.001), OS (70.1% vs 86.6%; P < 0.001), and DMFS (80.2% vs 88.5%; P = 0.007). However, no difference was observed between LRRFS groups (91.7% vs 94.3%; P = 0.173). In multivariate analysis, high RT-PWL7 was an independent risk factor for DFS (HR, 1.56; 95%CI, 1.19-2.03; P = 0.001), OS (HR, 1.54; 95%CI, 1.11-2.15; P = 0.011), and DMFS (HR, 1.47; 95%CI, 1.03-2.10; P = 0.033) in patients with NPC. In addition, treatment strategy, plasma Epstein-Barr virus DNA, and N stage were associated with weight loss. CONCLUSIONS: High RT-PWL7 was significantly associated with decreased DFS, OS, and DMFS for NPC patients. Clinicians should continuously inform patients on the health impact of minimizing RT-PWL7 under 5% during radiotherapy.


Assuntos
Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas , Radioterapia de Intensidade Modulada , Estudos de Coortes , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Herpesvirus Humano 4/genética , Humanos , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/patologia , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/complicações , Prognóstico , Radioterapia de Intensidade Modulada/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Perda de Peso
2.
BMC Cancer ; 22(1): 483, 2022 May 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35501736

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A critical challenge in current acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) therapy is treatment intensification in order to reduce the relapse rate in the subset of patients at the highest risk of relapse. The year-long maintenance phase is essential in relapse prevention. The Thiopurine Enhanced ALL Maintenance (TEAM) trial investigates a novel strategy for ALL maintenance. METHODS: TEAM is a randomized phase 3 sub-protocol to the ALLTogether1 trial, which includes patients 0-45 years of age with newly diagnosed B-cell precursor or T-cell ALL, and stratified to the intermediate risk-high (IR-high) group, in 13 European countries. In the TEAM trial, the traditional methotrexate (MTX)/6-mercaptopurine (6MP) maintenance backbone (control arm) is supplemented with low dose (2.5-12.5 mg/m2/day) oral 6-thioguanine (6TG) (experimental arm), while the starting dose of 6MP is reduced from 75 to 50 mg/m2/day. A total of 778 patients will be included in TEAM during ~ 5 years. The study will close when the last included patient has been followed for 5 years from the end of induction therapy. The primary objective of the study is to significantly improve the disease-free survival (DFS) of IR-high ALL patients by adding 6TG to 6MP/MTX-based maintenance therapy. TEAM has 80% power to detect a 7% increase in 5-year DFS through a 50% reduction in relapse rate. DFS will be evaluated by intention-to-treat analysis. In addition to reducing relapse, TEAM may also reduce hepatotoxicity and hypoglycemia caused by high levels of methylated 6MP metabolites. Methotrexate/6MP metabolites will be monitored and low levels will be reported back to clinicians to identify potentially non-adherent patients. DISCUSSION: TEAM provides a novel strategy for maintenance therapy in ALL with the potential of improving DFS through reducing relapse rate. Potential risk factors that have been considered include hepatic sinusoidal obstruction syndrome/nodular regenerative hyperplasia, second cancer, infection, and osteonecrosis. Metabolite monitoring can potentially increase treatment adherence in both treatment arms. TRIAL REGISTRATION: EudraCT, 2018-001795-38. Registered 2020-05-15, Clinicaltrials.gov , NCT04307576 . Registered 2020-03-13, https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT04307576.


Assuntos
Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células T Precursoras , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Mercaptopurina , Metotrexato , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células T Precursoras/tratamento farmacológico , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Recidiva , Fatores de Risco , Linfócitos T , Tioguanina/uso terapêutico , Adulto Jovem
3.
JAMA Netw Open ; 5(5): e2210861, 2022 May 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35532937

RESUMO

Importance: Two large randomized clinical trials (RCTs) found that laparoscopic surgery failed to yield noninferior pathologic outcomes compared with open surgery for patients with rectal cancer. The results raised concerns regarding the effectiveness of the laparoscopic approach for patients with rectal cancer. Objective: To compare the long-term oncologic outcomes of laparoscopic and open surgery for patients with rectal cancer. Data Sources: PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials were searched from database inception to August 13, 2021. Studies published in English were retrieved. Study Selection: The meta-analysis included RCTs that compared laparoscopic surgery with open surgery for patients with rectal cancer and reported the outcome of disease-free survival (DFS) or overall survival (OS). The following exclusion criteria were used: (1) non-RCTs, (2) studies without long-term survival outcomes of interest, and (3) studies that did not report Kaplan-Meier survival curves. Data Extraction and Synthesis: This meta-analysis was performed in line with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses reporting guideline for individual participant data development groups. Individual participant data on DFS and OS were extracted from the published Kaplan-Meier survival curves. One-stage and 2-stage meta-analyses were performed. Main Outcomes and Measures: Meta-analyses were conducted for DFS and OS. Hazard ratios (HRs) were used as effective measures. Results: Of 8471 records screened, 10 articles with 12 RCTs and 3709 participants were selected. The reconstructed survival curves for the combined population showed that the 5-year estimated DFS rates were 72.2% (95% CI, 69.4%-74.8%) for the laparoscopic group and 70.1% (95% CI, 67.0%-73.0%) for the open surgery group, and the 5-year estimated OS rates were 76.2% (95% CI, 73.8%-78.5%) for the laparoscopic group and 72.7% (95% CI, 69.8%-75.3%) for open surgery group. In 1-stage meta-analyses, DFS had a nonsignificant HR of 0.92 (95% CI, 0.80-1.06; P = .26), which suggested that DFS in the laparoscopic and open surgery groups was comparable; however, OS was significantly better in the laparoscopic group (HR, 0.85; 95% CI, 0.74-0.97; P = .02). The results were confirmed by 2-stage meta-analyses and were validated by sensitivity analysis with large RCTs. Conclusions and Relevance: A similar DFS but significantly better OS were found for patients who have undergone laparoscopic surgery compared with open surgery for rectal cancer. These findings address concerns regarding the effectiveness of laparoscopic surgery and support the routine use of laparoscopic surgery for patients with rectal cancer.


Assuntos
Laparoscopia , Neoplasias Retais , Adulto , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Humanos , Laparoscopia/métodos , Neoplasias Retais/cirurgia , Taxa de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Blood Cancer J ; 12(5): 78, 2022 05 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35504884

RESUMO

Studies evaluating Positron Emission Tomography scan after 2 cycles of chemotherapy (PET2) in newly diagnosed diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) are heterogeneous in patient characteristics, treatments and have conflicting results. Here we report association of PET2 with outcomes in two large independent prospective cohorts of newly diagnosed DLBCL pts treated with two RCHOP-based regimens. The discovery cohort consisted of pts enrolled in single arm phase 2 MC078E study of lenalidomide with RCHOP (R2CHOP). The validation cohort consisted of RCHOP-treated pts from the Molecular Epidemiology Resource (MER) cohort. Pts who received 3-6 cycles of therapy and had PET2 were included in the study. Patients who progressed on PET2 were excluded. Revised response criteria 2007 were used to define PET2 response PET2 positive (PET2 + ) pts had inferior EFS [24-month EFS 45.5% vs 87.9%, HR 4.0, CI95 (2.1-7.9), p < 0.0001) with a trend towards lower OS [24-months OS 77% vs 94.8%, HR 2.0, CI95 (0.9-4.8), P = 0.1] than PET2 negative (PET2-) pts in MC078E cohort. PET2 + pts had an inferior EFS (24 month EFS 48.7% vs 81.6%, HR 2.9, CI95 2.0-4.2, p < 0.0001) and OS (24-month OS 68.6% vs 88.1%, HR 2.3, CI95: 1.5-3.5, p < 0.0001) in the MER cohort. These results were consistent regardless of age, sex and in the subgroup of advanced stage and high-risk international prognostic index (IPI). For MER, PET2 + pts also had higher odds of positive end of treatment PET (OR: 17.3 (CI95 7.9-37.7), p < 0.001). PET2 is an early predictor DLBCL pts at high risk of progression and death in two independent prospective cohorts. PET2-guided risk-adapted strategies may improve outcomes, and should be explored in clinical trials.


Assuntos
Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Humanos , Lenalidomida/uso terapêutico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/diagnóstico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons/métodos , Estudos Prospectivos
5.
Oncologist ; 27(5): 371-379, 2022 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35522557

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cetuximab 500 mg/m2 biweekly (Q2W) plus chemotherapy is commonly used and recommended by NCCN guidelines. This meta-analysis compares efficacy and safety between Q2W versus weekly (Q1W) cetuximab dosing. METHODS: A systematic literature review was performed on Pubmed and RightFind (2007-2017) for patients with KRAS wild-type mCRC who received Q2W or Q1W cetuximab and other treatments. Observational studies and case reports were excluded. Randomized trials comparing Q2W and Q1W dosing, and single-arm trials with only Q2W schedule were included. CRYSTAL, a phase 3 randomized study with Q1W cetuximab dosing was paired with each single-arm study with a Q2W schedule and reweighted to achieve similar demographic/baseline characteristics. Overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) with hazard ratios (HR), overall response rate (ORR) with odds ratios, and risk difference of adverse events of special interest (AESI) between Q2W versus Q1W cetuximab were analyzed. RESULTS: Five phase 2 studies with cetuximab Q2W/Q1W dosing schedules were identified: CECOG (phase 2; Q2W, n = 77; Q1W, n = 75), NORDIC 7.5 (phase 2; Q2W, n = 152) and NORDIC 7 (arm C of phase 3; Q1W, n = 109), CELINE (n = 60), OPTIMIX (n = 99), and APEC (n = 289) all phase 2, Q2W, single-arm studies paired with CRYSTAL Q1W dosing (n = 303). Efficacy was similar between Q2W versus Q1W administration; OS HR = 0.96, 95% confidence interval (CI) [0.89, 1.04]; PFS HR = 0.96, 95% CI [0.87, 1.05]; ORR odds ratio 1.16, 95% CI [0.96, 1.41]. Mean differences (Q2W-Q1W) across AESI rates were not clinically meaningful with no obvious directionality. CONCLUSION: This meta-analysis demonstrated no significant differences in efficacy and safety between Q2W versus Q1W cetuximab administration in mCRC patients.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Colo , Neoplasias Colorretais , Neoplasias Retais , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Cetuximab/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias do Colo/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Colorretais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Humanos , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas p21(ras)/genética , Neoplasias Retais/tratamento farmacológico
6.
Croat Med J ; 63(2): 126-140, 2022 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35505646

RESUMO

AIM: To determine the predictive value of phosphorylated human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (pHER2Y1248) status in breast cancer (BC) patients undergoing trastuzumab-based adjuvant therapy. METHODS: Immunohistochemical status of pHER2Y1248, EGFR/HER1, HER3, and HER4 was determined in 124 consecutive HER2-positive BC patients (median age [range]=57 years [49.0-64.0]) treated at the University Hospital for Tumors, Zagreb, between 2008 and 2011. The median follow-up was 84 months (60.0-84.0). Prognostic factors of disease free survival (DFS) rate were evaluated with Kaplan-Meier/log-rank test and Cox regression analysis. RESULTS: pHER2Y1248, HER1, HER3, and HER4 were expressed in 66.1%, 9.7%, 70.2%, and 71.0% of patients, respectively. Disease progression (DP) was observed in 17.1% of pHER2Y1248-positive and 47.6% of pHER2Y1248-negative BCs (P=0.001). Kaplan-Meier analysis showed a worse five-year DFS in pHER2Y1248-negative patients who were older than 60 years (P<0.001) and had positive lymph node status (P<0.001); tumor size >2.0 cm (P<0.001); higher histological grade (P<0.001); HER2E intrinsic subtype (P<0.001), negative hormone receptors (P<0.001); negative HER1 status (P<0.001), positive HER3 (P=0.002); and/or positive HER4 (P=0.002) status. The only negative prognostic factor for five-year DFS in multivariate Cox regression analysis was pHER2Y1248-negative (hazard ratio [HR] 3.6, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.8-7.2, P<0.001) and lymph node-positive status (HR 3.6, 95% CI 1.3-9.8, P=0.014). CONCLUSION: pHER2Y1248 predicts sensitivity to trastuzumab and a better five-year DFS regardless of any other prognostic parameter. In HER2-positive BC patients. Non-phosphorylated HER2Y1248 is a strong predictor of trastuzumab resistance and a poor DFS.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Receptor ErbB-2/genética , Receptor ErbB-2/metabolismo , Trastuzumab/uso terapêutico
7.
Can J Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 2022: 8235736, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35535032

RESUMO

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to analyze the effect of preoperative waiting time on the short-term outcomes and prognosis in colorectal cancer (CRC) patients. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 3744 CRC patients who underwent primary CRC surgery at a single clinical medical center from Jan 2011 to Jan 2020. The baseline information, short-term outcomes, overall survival (OS), and disease-free survival (DFS) were compared among the short-waiting group, the intermediate-waiting group, and the long-waiting group. Results: A total of 3744 eligible CRC patients were enrolled for analysis. There were no significant differences in all of the baseline information and short-term outcomes among the three groups. In multivariate analysis, older age (OS: p=0.000, HR = 1.947, 95% CI = 1.631-2.324; DFS: p=0.000, HR = 1.693, 95% CI = 1.445-1.983), advanced clinical stage (OS: p=0.000, HR = 1.301, 95% CI = 1.161-1.457; DFS: p=0.000, HR = 1.262, 95% CI = 1.139-1.400), overall complications (OS: p=0.000, HR = 1.613, 95% CI = 1.303-1.895; DFS: p=0.000, HR = 1.560, 95% CI = 1.312-1.855), and major complications (OS: p=0.001, HR = 1.812, 95% CI = 1.338-2.945; DFS: p=0.006, HR = 1.647, 95% CI = 1.153-2.352) were independent factors of OS and DFS. In addition, no significant difference was found in all stages (OS, p=0.203; DFS, p=0.108), stage I (OS, p=0.419; DFS, p=0.579), stage II (OS, p=0.465; DFS, p=0.385), or stage III (OS, p=0.539; DFS, p=0.259) in terms of OS and DFS among the three groups. Conclusion: Preoperative waiting time did not affect the short-term outcomes or prognosis in CRC patients.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Listas de Espera , Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Humanos , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
8.
Cell Death Dis ; 13(5): 439, 2022 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35523764

RESUMO

According to the EPOC study, chemotherapy could improve 5-year disease-free survival of stage IV colon cancer patients by 8.1%. However, more molecular biomarkers are required to identify patients who need neoadjuvant chemotherapy. DENND2D expression was evaluated by immunohistochemistry in 181 stage IV colon cancer patients. The prognosis was better for patients with DENND2D expression than patients without DENND2D expression (5-year overall survival [OS]: 42% vs. 12%, p = 0.038; 5-year disease-free survival: 20% vs. 10%, p = 0.001). Subgroup analysis of the DENND2D-negative group showed that patients treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy achieved longer OS than patients without neoadjuvant chemotherapy (RR = 0.179; 95% CI = 0.054-0.598; p = 0.003). DENND2D suppressed CRC proliferation in vitro and in vivo. Downregulation of DENND2D also promoted metastasis to distant organs in vivo. Mechanistically, DENND2D suppressed the MAPK pathway in CRC. Colon cancer patients who were DENND2D negative always showed a worse prognosis and were more likely to benefit from neoadjuvant chemotherapy. DENND2D may be a new prognostic factor and a predictor of the need for neoadjuvant chemotherapy in stage IV colon cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Colo , Terapia Neoadjuvante , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Neoplasias do Colo/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias do Colo/genética , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Estudos Retrospectivos
9.
Appl Immunohistochem Mol Morphol ; 30(5): 317-325, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35510770

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Some studies have correlated secreted protein acidic and rich in cysteine (SPARC) expression with more aggressive behavior in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). We investigated the impact of SPARC expression on patient outcomes in a large cohort of SCCs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with SCC were identified by searching institutional databases. A tissue microarray of paraffin-embedded tumor specimens was constructed, and SPARC immunohistochemistry was performed. Cellular and stromal SPARC expression were quantitated and correlated with clinicopathologic features. RESULTS: Of 191 cases, 171 were adequate for SPARC evaluation. A total of 112 (65%) cases showed SPARC tumor cell staining, and 167 (98%) cases showed stromal staining. Increased SPARC stromal expression was correlated with poorer overall survival (OS) [mean (SD) survival, 64.3 (3.25) vs. 42.8 (3.25) mo; P=0.0015] and poorer disease-specific survival (DSS) [mean (SD) survival, 51.1 (1.58) vs. 38.3 (1.832) mo; P=0.0381]. Human papillomavirus-positive status correlated with both stromal and tumor SPARC expression (P=0.0047 and 0.0408, respectively). SPARC staining did not correlate with OS or DSS in multivariate analyses. Among nonchemotherapy patients, SPARC stromal expression was associated with poorer OS and DSS (P=0.0074 and 0.033, respectively). In multivariate analyses, increased stromal SPARC expression was associated with a longer disease-free interval [P=0.0170 (hazard ratio, 1.384)]. CONCLUSIONS: SPARC expression is frequently present in tumoral stroma of head and neck SCCs. In contravention to prior studies, we found that SPARC expression did not correlate with survival overall. This suggests that previously reported associations may not, in fact, exist highlighting the need to meticulously adjust for confounding variables in novel biomarker studies. However, subgroup analysis showed that stromal SPARC expression is associated with better disease-free survival among patients who are not treated with chemotherapy.


Assuntos
Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Osteonectina , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/diagnóstico , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Osteonectina/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço
10.
Int J Med Sci ; 19(3): 434-445, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35370456

RESUMO

Purpose: We aimed to evaluate whether CEMIP plays any role in the survival outcome of breast cancer (BC) patients, as well as to explore the regulatory mechanism of CEMIP in BC. Methods: We evaluated the expression and prognostic effect of CEMIP in BC patients using the Oncomine, GEPIA, UALCAN, and Kaplan-Meier plotter databases. Additionally, we detected CEMIP mRNA and protein levels in BC and normal tissues via PCR and western blotting analyses. Through immunochemistry analysis, we quantified CEMIP expression in 233 samples from BC patients. We then analyzed the link between the survival outcomes and CEMIP expression based on these clinical samples. Furthermore, we explored the immune-related molecules regulated by CEMIP and its coexpressed genes using the STRING database. Results: CEMIP expression was higher in BC tissues than in normal tissues. Patients with high CEMIP mRNA levels had a worse survival outcome. Similarly, patients expressing CEMIP had significantly shorter overall survival and disease-free survival than those not expressing the protein (P < 0.01). Some lymphocytes, immune inhibitors, immune stimulators, MHC molecules, chemokines, and chemokine receptors can be regulated by CEMIP, and CEMIP and its coexpressed genes can participate in the hyaluronan biosynthetic process, hyaluronan catabolic process, and other related biological processes in the progression of BC. Conclusion: Compared to normal tissues, BC tissues had higher number of CEMIP transcripts. CEMIP expression was associated with an adverse prognosis. CEMIP and its coexpressed genes can participate in the progression of BC. Therefore, CEMIP may be a potential biomarker for the treatment of BC patients.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Biomarcadores , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Prognóstico
11.
Ann Palliat Med ; 11(3): 1147-1152, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35365045

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is a tumor caused by epithelial cells covering the surface of the nasopharynx. NPC only accounted for less than 1% of all cancers diagnosed worldwide. However, the global incidence rates are highest in southern China. We report a case of local advanced undifferentiated NPC [specifically, vesicular nucleus cell carcinoma (VNCC) of NPC]. Long-term disease-free survival (DFS) of a patient with stage IVA NPC is reported. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 42-year-old male presented with a 4-month history of rhinorrhea and a lump in the left neck. The positron emission tomography (PET) showed local invasion to the surrounding tissues, specifically, the tumor invaded the brain. The pathological diagnosis was VNCC, the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) was positive in tumor tissues by in situ hybridization. and the clinical diagnosis was stage IVA of NPC. The patient was treated with induction chemotherapy (IC) with gemcitabine and cisplatin (GP) followed by cisplatin/radiotherapy. The tumor lesions complete response (CR) after concurrent chemo-radiotherapy (CCRT). CONCLUSIONS: To date, the DFS time has been more than 5 years. IC with GP followed by CCRT should be the first choice of treatment for patients with locoregionally advanced NPC. In recent years, more and more studies have shown the efficacy of immunotherapy in treating recurrent or metastatic NPC patients, especially in patients or are programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1)-positive or have a high tumor mutation burden. In the future, immunotherapy may become a standard treatment in clinic and bring longer survival to patients.


Assuntos
Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas , Adulto , Quimiorradioterapia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/complicações , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/tratamento farmacológico , Herpesvirus Humano 4 , Humanos , Masculino , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/diagnóstico , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/terapia
12.
J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg ; 51(1): 13, 2022 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35365214

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (HPSCC) has a high rate of distant metastasis, resulting in poor prognosis. The role of the maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax), which was assessed via pretreatment 18-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET), and computed tomography (CT) was examined, for predicting distant metastasis and survival. METHODS: This study included 121 patients who underwent pretreatment FDG-PET/CT scanning and subsequent treatment for HPSCC. The SUVmax was measured via FDG-PET/CT. A receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was used to determine whether the SUVmax was a predictor of distant metastasis and to select the best cutoff value. Univariate and multivariate Cox hazard regression analyses were used in identifying associations between the SUVmax and other clinicopathological factors with distant metastasis-free survival. RESULTS: Distant metastases were identified in 33 patients during the median follow-up of 24 months after treatment. The ROC curve analysis determined that SUVmax was predictive of distant metastasis and identified a SUVmax of 13.9 as the best potential cutoff value. The univariate analysis showed that T and N classification, clinical stage, and SUVmax were significantly related to distant metastasis. However, in multivariate analysis, an SUVmax ≥ 13.9 was the only independent predictor of distant metastasis. Patients with high SUVmax values displayed significantly shorter distant metastasis-free survival and overall survival. CONCLUSIONS: SUVmax determined via pretreatment FDG-PET/CT is useful for predicting distant metastasis, distant metastasis-free survival, and overall survival in patients with HPSCC.


Assuntos
Fluordesoxiglucose F18 , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Humanos , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons combinada à Tomografia Computadorizada/métodos , Prognóstico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/diagnóstico por imagem
13.
Cancer Control ; 29: 10732748221083078, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35459407

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The association between the type of anesthesia used and the recurrence of cancer remains controversial. This study aimed to compare the effects of local vs general anesthesia on recurrence-free survival and cost after breast-conserving surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed the data of 2778 patients who underwent breast-conserving surgery followed by radiation at our center between 1999 and 2014. We analyzed the data of 994 patients with hormone receptor-positive and Her2-negative tumors who underwent breast-conserving surgery without axillary lymph node dissection under local or general anesthesia. Patients were grouped according to whether local or general anesthesia was used for the surgery. RESULTS: Of the 994 patients enrolled in this study, 367 received local anesthesia and 627 patients received general anesthesia. The median follow-up duration for all patients was 93 months. The Kaplan-Meier survival curves did not reveal significant differences between the recurrence-free survival of the two groups, with 5-year recurrence-free survival rates of 96.3% (95% CI, 94.3-98.3%) in the local anesthesia group and 97.3% (95% CI, 95.9-98.7%) in the general anesthesia group. The total cost of hospitalization in the local anesthesia group was significantly lower than that in the general anesthesia group (P <.001). The difference in the cost between the two groups remained significant, irrespective of the type of hospitalization, after excluding 165 patients receiving chemotherapy during their hospitalization. CONCLUSIONS: Our analysis indicated no association between the type of anesthesia used during breast-conserving surgery and the long-term prognosis of breast cancer. However, breast-conserving surgery under local anesthesia may be a less expensive option than that under general anesthesia.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Mastectomia Segmentar , Anestesia Geral , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Excisão de Linfonodo , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
14.
Asian Pac J Cancer Prev ; 23(4): 1137-1145, 2022 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35485668

RESUMO

BACKGROUNDS: Total Pelvic Exenteration (TPE) is a radical operation for malignancies in which all of the organs inside the pelvic cavity, including the female reproductive organs, the lower urinary tract, and a part of the rectosigmoid are removed. In this study, we aimed to conduct a systematic review to assess the overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) following TPE. METHODS: This systematic review is composed of a comprehensive review of PubMed and Scopus databases with various related keywords to synthesis the overall survival and disease-free survival following TPE. The Synthesis Without Meta-analysis guideline was used to summarize the results. RESULTS: We included the results of 39 primary studies and the results revealed that one-year OS of gynecological cancer in patients who have undergone TPE ranged from 50.0% to 72.0% and the 5-years OS ranged from 6.0% to 64.6%. The one-year survival rate of colorectal cancer patients was reported to be over 80% in almost all studies. The 3-year survival rate of patients varied from 25% to 75% and the lowest 5-year survival rate was 8% and the highest survival rate was 92%. To synthesis the disease-free survival rate in colorectal cancer, ten studies were included and one-year recurrence rate was 9.1% and the one-year DFS was reported as 61.0%. Three-year recurrence rate study was 20.4% and 3 and 5-year DFS ranged from 22.0% to 78.0%. CONCLUSIONS: The results suggested that DFS in primary advanced cancers is higher than locally recurrence tumors. This review showed that patient overall survival and disease-free survival rates have increased over time, especially at high volume centers that are more experienced and possibly better equipped. Therefore, it can be suggested that the attitude towards PE as a palliative surgery can be turned into curative surgery.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Exenteração Pélvica , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Exenteração Pélvica/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos
15.
BMC Gastroenterol ; 22(1): 205, 2022 Apr 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35468733

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the short-term outcomes and prognosis of elderly and very elderly colorectal cancer (CRC) patients after primary CRC surgery using propensity score matching (PSM). METHODS: This study retrospectively collected the medical records of CRC patients ≥ 65 years old undergoing primary CRC surgery from Jan 2011 to Jan 2020. Short-term outcomes, overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) were compared between very elderly CRC patients (≥ 80 years old) and elderly CRC patients (65-79 years old). RESULTS: A total of 2084 patients were enrolled for analysis. After PSM, 331 very elderly patients were matched to 331 elderly patients. In terms of short-term outcomes, the very elderly patients had longer postoperative hospital stays (p = 0.007) after PSM. In terms of OS, it was found that age (p < 0.01, HR = 1.878, 95% CI 1.488-2.371), tumor stage (p < 0.01, HR = 1.865, 95% CI 1.603-2.170), overall complications (p < 0.01, HR = 1.514, 95% CI 1.224-1.872) and major complications (p = 0.001, HR = 2.012, 95% CI 1.319-3.069) were independent prognostic factors. For DFS, age (p < 0.01, HR = 1.816, 95% CI 1.579-2.088), tumor stage (p < 0.01, HR = 1.816, 95% CI 1.579-2.088), overall complications (p = 0.002, HR = 1.379, 95% CI 1.128-1.685) and major complications (p = 0.002, HR = 1.902, 95% CI 1.259-2.874) were found to be independent prognostic factors. Moreover, elderly patients had a better OS and DFS than very elderly patients. CONCLUSION: Very elderly patients had a poorer prognosis than elderly patients after primary CRC surgery. Surgeons should be cautious when treating very elderly CRC patients.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Humanos , Prognóstico , Pontuação de Propensão , Estudos Retrospectivos
16.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 58(4)2022 Apr 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35454391

RESUMO

Background and Objectives: A great debate within the academic arena was evoked by the LACC study, giving rise to doubt regarding the oncological outcomes of the laparoscopic approach for early-stage cervical cancer. This encouraged us to conduct a retrospective analysis of CC treatment surgical approaches applied to the patients at tertiary level Vilnius University Hospital Santaros Clinics, Vilnius, Lithuania, between 2009 and 2019. Materials and Methods: The retrospective study was carried out to evaluate the outcomes after 28 laparoscopic and 62 laparotomic radical hysterectomies for early cervical cancer in a single tertiary care institution performed during the period 2009-2019. For statistical analysis of patients' parameters, SPSS v. 17.0 was applied, together with the Kaplan-Meier method with a long-rank test and the Cox proportional hazard regression model used for bi-variate analysis determining OS outcomes between MIS and open-surgery groups. Results: After computing data with the Cox regression model, there was no significant difference of the 36-months overall survival between laparoscopy and laparotomy groups, as opposed to the LACC study. Conclusions: Our tertiary institution faces a considerable challenge, and we acknowledge the limitations of the study and also feel a responsibility to follow the latest guidelines. Currently, it appears that the most substantial attention should be focused on the cessation of uterine manipulator use as well as laparoscopic technique learning curves.


Assuntos
Laparoscopia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Histerectomia/métodos , Laparoscopia/métodos , Lituânia/epidemiologia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Estudos Retrospectivos , Atenção Terciária à Saúde , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia
17.
Oral Oncol ; 128: 105816, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35367787

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Adjuvant re-chemoradiation after salvage surgery improves disease-free survival in recurrent head and neck cancer. However, most patients are ineligible for re-irradiation and are kept on observation. We investigated the efficacy of metronomic adjuvant chemotherapy (MAC) in this group of patients compared to observation. METHODS: This was a randomized integrated phase II/III clinical trial. Adults with recurrent head and neck cancer, who had undergone salvage surgery, but were ineligible for adjuvant re-irradiation were randomized in a 1:1 ratio to either MAC arm or observation. MAC consisted of weekly oral methotrexate (at a dose of 15 mg per square meter of body surface area) and celecoxib (at a dose of 200 mg orally twice daily) for 6 months. The primary endpoint of phase 2 was disease-free survival (DFS) while that of phase 3 was overall survival (OS). For phase 2, to detect an improvement in the hazard ratio (HR) 0.67 with MAC, with a type 1 error of 10% (1-sided), type 2 error of 30%, 105 patients were required. While for phase 3, with a target HR of 0.77, with a type 1 error of 5%, type 2 error of 20%, 318 patients were required. Here we report the results of phase 2 part of the study. RESULTS: At a median follow up of 30.2 months (95% confidence interval (CI), 25.3 to 35.1) the 1 year and 2-year DFS were 57.4% (95% CI, 42.8-69.5) and 37.6% (95% CI, 24.1-51) in MAC arm whereas the corresponding numbers were 62.3% (95% CI, 47.8 to 73.8) and 54.2%(95% CI, 39.8 to 66.5) in observation arm, respectively (hazard ratio for progression, 1.45; 95% CI, 0.87 to 2.47; P = 0.15). In the MAC arm, the 1 and 2 year OS was 78.7% (95% CI, 64.9 to 87.6) and 48% (95% CI, 34.1 to 62).The corresponding figures in the observation arm were 79.2% (95% CI, 65.7 to 87.9) and 65.5% (95% CI, 50.9 to 76.7) (hazard ratio for death, 1.7, 95% CI, 0.94 to 3.08; P = 0.08). CONCLUSION: The adjuvant 6-month metronomic schedule was ineffective in improving outcomes in recurrent head and neck cancers post salvage surgery who are ineligible for re-radiation. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinical trial registry of India (CTRI)- CTRI/2016/04/006872 [Registered on 26/4/2016].


Assuntos
Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Reirradiação , Adulto , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/cirurgia , Humanos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Reirradiação/métodos , Terapia de Salvação
19.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 43(3): 215-220, 2022 Mar 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35405779

RESUMO

Objective: This study aimed to determine the efficacy of dose-enhanced immunochemotherapy followed by autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (ASCT) in young patients with newly diagnosed high-risk aggressive B-cell lymphoma. Methods: A retrospective study was conducted to examine the clinical and survival data of young patients with high-risk aggressive B-cell lymphoma who received dose-enhanced immunochemotherapy and ASCT as first-line treatment between January 2011 and December 2018 in Blood Diseases Hospital. Results: A total of 63 patients were included in the study. The median age range was 40 (14-63) years old. In terms of the induction therapy regimen, 52 cases received R-DA-EP (D) OCH, and the remaining 11 received R-HyperCVAD/R-MA. Sixteen (25.4% ) patients achieved partial response in the mid-term efficacy assessment, and ten of them were evaluated as complete response after transplantation. The median follow-up was 50 (8-112) months, and the 3-year progression-free survival (PFS) rate and overall survival (OS) rate were (83.9±4.7) % and (90.4±3.7) % , respectively. Univariate analysis demonstrated that age-adjusted international prognostic index ≥2 scores was a negative prognostic factor for OS (P=0.039) , and bone marrow involvement (BMI) was an adverse prognostic factor for OS (P<0.001) and PFS (P=0.001) . However, multivariate analysis confirmed that BMI was the only independent negative predictor of OS (P=0.016) and PFS (P=0.001) . Conclusions: The use of dose-enhanced immunochemotherapy in combination with ASCT as first-line therapy in the treatment of young, high-risk aggressive B-cell lymphoma results in good long-term outcomes, and BMI remains an adverse prognostic factor.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Linfoma de Células B , Transplante de Células-Tronco de Sangue Periférico , Adulto , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Humanos , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Transplante de Células-Tronco , Transplante Autólogo
20.
BMJ Open ; 12(4): e051421, 2022 Apr 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35440445

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the benefits of adjuvant therapy in patients with resected biliary tract cancer (BTC) and identify the optimal adjuvant treatment scheme. DESIGN: Systematic review and network meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES: Studies comparing different adjuvant therapies in patients with BTC were searched in PubMed, Embase, CINAHL, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials and ClinicalTrials.gov databases from inception to December 2021. Additionally, the references were manually searched for the related literature. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eligible studies were identified, and data were extracted independently by two authors. A random-effects network meta-analysis was performed using R software. The pooled outcomes of overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) were measured using the combined HRs with 95% CIs. RESULTS: Nineteen eligible studies reporting three types of adjuvant therapies were included in our network meta-analysis. Adjuvant radiotherapy (ART, HR 0.62; 95% CI 0.42 to 0.93), adjuvant chemoradiotherapy (ACRT; HR 0.71; 95% CI 0.54 to 0.83) and adjuvant chemotherapy (ACT; HR 0.84; 95% CI 0.68 to 0.98) were more effective in prolonging OS than that of observation, with no significant difference between the three adjuvant therapies. Moreover, the improvement in DFS was also found in ACRT and ACT compared with that of observation (HR 0.60; 95% CI 0.45 to 0.75; HR 0.82; 95% CI 0.68 to 0.97, respectively). Furthermore, ACRT obtained a slightly better DFS benefit compared with that of ACT (HR 0.73; 95% CI 0.53 to 0.95). CONCLUSIONS: Our primary results demonstrated that, compared with that of observation, ACRT and ACT after radical resection could provide better OS and DFS benefits in patients with BTC. However, ART only showed improvement in OS, but not in DFS. Due to the lack of head-to-head studies of ACT, ACRT and ART, the above results need to be further verified by prospective randomised controlled trials.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Sistema Biliar , Neoplasias do Sistema Biliar/cirurgia , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Humanos , Metanálise em Rede , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...