Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 197
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Folia Parasitol (Praha) ; 692022 Aug 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36017696

RESUMO

Examinations of nematodes collected from some marine fishes off the southwestern coast of Java, Indonesia in 2000 and 2001 revealed the presence of the following six species: ascaridoids Ichthyascaris grandis sp. n. from the intestine of Lophiomus setigerus (Vahl), I. cf. longispicula Li, Liu, Liu et Zhang, 2012 from the intestine of Conger cinereus Rüppel, Ichthyascaris sp. from the body cavity of Lobotes surinamensis (Bloch), and Raphidascaroides halieutaeae Yin, 1983 from the intestine of Halieutaea stellata (Vahl), and philometrids Philometra ivaschkini Parukhin, 1976 from the stomach wall of Trichiurus lepturus Linnaeus and P. psettoditis Moravec, Walter et Yuniar, 2012 from the body cavity (liver) of Psettodes erumei (Bloch et Schneider). Descriptions of these nematodes based on light and scanning electron microscopical studies are provided. The new species I. grandis sp. n. is mainly characterised by large body measurements (males and females up to 41.8 mm and 73.6 mm long, respectively), the length of spicules (0.99-1.05 mm), the tail tip usually without rudimentary spines and by the presence of 44-53 pairs of caudal papillae, eight to twelve of which being postanals. In addition to new data on the morphology of R. halieutaeae and other nematodes recorded, the 11 species of Raphidascaroides Yamaguti, 1941 poorly described from marine fishes in South Asia and reviewed in the monograph of Sood (2017) are considered species inquirendae and incertae sedis.


Assuntos
Dracunculoidea , Doenças dos Peixes , Perciformes , Animais , Dracunculoidea/anatomia & histologia , Feminino , Doenças dos Peixes/epidemiologia , Peixes , Indonésia/epidemiologia , Masculino , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura
2.
J Helminthol ; 96: e22, 2022 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35300740

RESUMO

For decades, it has remained unclear how the Asian swim bladder nematode Anguillicola crassus was able to supplant the previously stable population of its relative from New Zealand Anguillicola novaezelandiae in the Lake Bracciano, Italy. Previously, researchers have hypothesized that A. crassus possesses an ecological advantage due to a more efficient life cycle in combination with a pattern of unidirectional hybridization between A. novaezelandiae females and A. crassus males. The present study focuses on the viability of hybrid offspring and their allelic pattern, particularly in developed adult stages of the hybrid F1 generation. While the percentages of hybrid individuals from A. novaezelandiae mothers and A. crassus fathers increased from egg to adult stages, it was more distinct in egg stages of A. crassus females and A. novaezelandiae males, but did not occur in adult F1 individuals at all. Therefore, we corroborate the hypothesis of unidirectional hybridization by differentiating between egg and adult stages, and suggest this as another explanatory factor for the extinction of A. novaezelandiae in Lake Bracciano in Italy and the predominance of A. crassus.


Assuntos
Anguilla , Dracunculoidea , Doenças dos Peixes , Sacos Aéreos , Animais , Feminino , Humanos , Hibridização Genética , Masculino
3.
Parasitology ; 149(5): 605-611, 2022 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35042576

RESUMO

Anguillicoloides crassus is an invasive nematode parasite of the critically endangered European eel, Anguilla anguilla, and possibly one of the primary drivers of eel population collapse, impacting many features of eel physiology and life history. Early detection of the parasite is vital to limit the spread of A. crassus, to assess its potential impact on spawning biomass. However accurate diagnosis of infection could only be achieved via necropsy. To support eel fisheries management we developed a rapid, non-lethal, minimally invasive and in situ DNA-based method to infer the presence of the parasite in the swim bladder. Screening of 131 wild eels was undertaken between 2017 and 2019 in Ireland and UK to validate the procedure. DNA extractions and PCR were conducted using both a Qiagen Stool kit and in situ using Whatman qualitative filter paper No1 and a miniPCR DNA Discovery-System™. Primers were specifically designed to target the cytochrome oxidase mtDNA gene region and in situ extraction and amplification takes approximately 3 h for up to 16 individuals. Our in-situ diagnostic procedure demonstrated positive predictive values at 96% and negative predictive values at 87% by comparison to necropsy data. Our method could be a valuable tool in the hands of fisheries managers to enable infection control and help protect this iconic but critically endangered species.


Assuntos
Anguilla , Dracunculoidea , Doenças dos Peixes , Parasitos , Sacos Aéreos/parasitologia , Anguilla/parasitologia , Animais , Dracunculoidea/fisiologia , Doenças dos Peixes/parasitologia , Humanos
4.
Parasitol Res ; 121(1): 127-141, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34825260

RESUMO

Nematodes of the family Philometridae Baylis & Daubney, 1926 (Dracunculoidea Stiles, 1907) are generally poorly known, and there are many taxonomic issues within the family. Philometrids are parasites of fish and are found in various locations throughout the host, including within the subcutaneous tissues and musculature, the abdominal cavity and gonads; vast sexual dimorphism often means the males are not collected, leading to many species being described solely on female characteristics. Although there have been a number of studies utilising molecular data, the vast majority of species are yet to be sequenced. This study undertook genetic sequencing of 15 recently described species of philometrids across 4 genera, many of which were from specimens collected from waters off Australia. All of the sequences obtained were closely related with representatives of the family Philometridae. Species were found to be distributed in the phylogenetic trees within 4 clades based on a combination of site of infection within the host and host habitat. Family of host and geographical location was not as important for position within the trees. Clade A contained philometrids collected from the abdominal cavities and head tissues of South American freshwater fish. Clade B contained philometrids primarily from the abdominal cavities of freshwater European cyprinids. Clade C contained philometrids primarily from the ovaries of marine fish. Clade D contained philometrids from the body tissues of marine and freshwater fish. The potential co-evolutionary patterns between philometrids and their fish hosts are highlighted as an area of future research. This research also highlighted the importance of correct identification of any sequenced specimen.


Assuntos
Dracunculoidea , Doenças dos Peixes , Animais , Feminino , Peixes , Masculino , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 18S
5.
Vet Parasitol Reg Stud Reports ; 25: 100586, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34474781

RESUMO

Anguillicola (Anguillicoides) crassus is a swimbladder nematode parasite of Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus, 1758). The present study investigates the morphology and pathogenicity of A. crassus in European eel, as well as, the effects of different aquatic environments on the infection of A. crassus, in Greece. A total of 268 nematodes were collected from four estuarine systems in Greece. In all collected parasites, measurements carried out to define the morphological characteristics of parasites: parasite length and width, oesophagus max length and max width. Τhe mean parasite length was 23.50 mm (95% CI: 22.42-24.58) for females, 12.95 mm (95% CI: 12.25-13.64) for the males and 6.39 mm (95% CI: 5.27-7.50) for the juveniles. The mean parasite width was 1.99 mm (95% CI: 1.88-2.10) for females, 0.93 mm (95% CI: 0.86-1.00) for males and 0.51 mm (95% CI: 0.39-0.64) for juveniles. In total, the mean intensity was found 3.15 (95% CI: 2.53-3.78), while the highest mean intensity per eel was 8.00 (95% CI: 0.00-29.51) in Tholi Lagoon and the lowest was 2.20 (95% CI: 0.36-4.04) in Amvrakikos Gulf. Longitudinal and transverse histological sections of two adults A. crassus and two swimbladders were carried out. Multiple granules were observed, as a tissue reaction of the organism to swath around the 4th stage larvae (L4) that have entered the swimbladder. Molecular analysis was performed on three female adults A. crassus derived from eel specimens coming from the Vistonis estuarine system. The high reproductive capacity of the parasite reveals that A. anguilla has low effective defense mechanisms against the parasite. Also, the morphometric variations of the A. crassus seems to have a plastic feature which is being differently expressed when exposed to various environments.


Assuntos
Anguilla , Dracunculoidea , Sacos Aéreos/parasitologia , Anguilla/parasitologia , Animais , Feminino , Grécia , Masculino , Virulência
6.
J Helminthol ; 95: e55, 2021 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34526166

RESUMO

The nematode Mooleptus rabuka is recorded in the digestive tract of catshark Apristurus fedorovi caught at the Imperial Ridge (Pacific Ocean). Important morphological features such as the number of cephalic and caudal papillae, the position of amphids and the shape of the gubernaculum are detailed in this parasite species. According to the phylogenetic analyses based on the 18S ribosomal RNA gene sequences, M. rabuka forms a lineage, Mooleptinae nom. nov., which is close to the gnathostomatid genus Echinocephalus (maximum likelihood analysis), or else forms a polytomy with this genus and the lineages of Anguillicola + Spiroxys and Tanqua + 'Linstowinema' sp. (Bayesian inference analysis). Overall, our findings do not support the monophyly of the Gnathostomatidae. We elevate spiroxyines to the family status, Spiroxyidae stat. nov., and temporarily consider the Gnathostomatidae to include the following subfamilies: Ancyracanthinae Yorke & Maplestone, 1926, Gnathostomatinae Railliet, 1895 sensu lato and Mooleptinae nom. nov. The name Mooleptinae nom. nov. is suggested instead of the Metaleptinae Moravec & Nagasawa, 2000, which is based on a preoccupied generic name Metaleptus Machida, Ogawa & Okiyama, 1982.


Assuntos
Dracunculoidea , Rabditídios , Spirurina , Animais , Teorema de Bayes , Filogenia
7.
Syst Parasitol ; 98(4): 443-453, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34120299

RESUMO

Recent examinations of some marine fishes from off the southern coast of Iraq revealed the presence of two species of Philometra Costa, 1845 (Nematoda: Philometridae): P. parabrevicollis n. sp. (males and subgravid and nongravid females) from the ovary of the bigeye snapper Lutjanus lutjanus Bloch (Perciformes, Lutjanidae) and Philometra sp. (subgravid females) from the ovary of the bartail flathead Platycephalus indicus (Linnaeus) (Perciformes, Platycephalidae). Specimens of species are described and illustrated based on light and scanning electron microscopical examinations. Philometra parabrevicollis n. sp. is mainly characterised by the length of spicules (267-285 µm) and gubernaculum (159-168 µm), the gubernaculum/spicule length ratio (1:1.64-1.76), the structure of the gubernaculum distal tip and of the male caudal end, and the body length of males (4.03-4.90 mm). The description of this new species again confirms a high degree of host specificity of gonad-infecting species of Philometra in congeneric lutjanid hosts. Although Philometra sp. parasitising P. indicus in Iraqi waters was previously recorded, its subgravid females are described for the first time. A key to gonad-infecting species of Philometra parasitic in fishes of the family Lutjanidae is provided.


Assuntos
Organismos Aquáticos/classificação , Dracunculoidea/classificação , Peixes/parasitologia , Animais , Dracunculoidea/anatomia & histologia , Feminino , Especificidade de Hospedeiro , Iraque , Masculino , Especificidade da Espécie
8.
Syst Parasitol ; 98(4): 413-422, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34046809

RESUMO

Recent examinations of some marine fishes from off the coast of South Australia revealed the presence of two species of Philometra Costa, 1845 (Nematoda: Philometridae): P. inconveniens n. sp. from the ovary (males) and body cavity (subgravid female) of the southern garfish Hyporhamphus melanochir (Valenciennes) (Beloniformes, Hemiramphidae) and Philometra sp. (gravid and subgravid females) from the body cavity of the Australian barracuda Sphyraena novaehollandiae Günther (Perciformes, Sphyraenidae) (new host and geographical records). Specimens of species are described and illustrated based on light and scanning electron microscopical examinations. Philometra inconveniens n. sp. differs from the most similar species P. longa Moravec, Barton & Shamsi, 2021, a parasite of the body cavity of the congeneric host off eastern Australia, mainly by a different structure of the gubernaculum (absence of dorsal barbs and presence of lateral extensions on its distal portion). This indicates a high degree of host specificity of these nematodes in co-occuring congeneric hosts.


Assuntos
Organismos Aquáticos/classificação , Dracunculoidea/classificação , Perciformes/parasitologia , Animais , Organismos Aquáticos/ultraestrutura , Dracunculoidea/ultraestrutura , Especificidade de Hospedeiro , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Austrália do Sul , Especificidade da Espécie
9.
Syst Parasitol ; 98(2): 167-175, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33686566

RESUMO

A new nematode species, Philometra longa n. sp. (Philometridae), is described from male and female specimens collected from the body cavity of the marine fish, Hyporhamphus australis (Steindachner) (Hemirhamphidae, Beloniformes) from off the south-eastern coast of Australia. Based on examination by light and scanning electron microscopy, the new species differs from those parasitising other beloniform hosts mainly in the body length (4.69 mm), the length of spicules (141 µm) and the structure of the caudal end and the distal tip of gubernaculum in the male, and in the conspicuously long body (455-560 mm) of the gravid female. Philometra longa n. sp. is the first species of philometrids described from fishes of the family Hemiramphidae. It is the 26th nominal species of philometrids and the 19th species of Philometra so far recorded from Australian marine and brackish waters. Re-examined museum specimens of Philometra sp. from Hyporhamphus melanochir (Valenciennes) off Tasmania, as well as those previously reported from the same host species off the Australian coast, were found to be identical with P. longa sp. n.


Assuntos
Cavidade Abdominal/parasitologia , Beloniformes/parasitologia , Dracunculoidea/classificação , Animais , Austrália , Dracunculoidea/ultraestrutura , Águas Salinas , Água do Mar , Especificidade da Espécie
10.
Parasitol Res ; 120(5): 1897-1902, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33674925

RESUMO

The European eel Anguilla anguilla is listed as critically endangered by the IUCN. Among many threats, the introduced parasitic nematode Anguillicola crassus is suspected to alter the eels' swim bladder and jeopardize their reproductive oceanic migration. To date, gaining knowledge about the distribution and prevalence of A. crassus requires individual sacrifice (over 50,000 eels were sacrificed for epidemiology studies since 2010). This paper describes a non-lethal molecular protocol for identifying prevalence of A. crassus in A. anguilla, based on searching for A. crassus DNA in the feces of eels. Tests using three DNA microsatellite markers specific to the nematode showed that molecular detection provided similar results to visual examination of the swim bladder in up to 80% of the cases, and allowed for comparison of prevalence among sites. Easy to implement, this non-lethal protocol for detecting A. crassus could be valuable for management plans of this endangered species.


Assuntos
Sacos Aéreos/parasitologia , Anguilla/parasitologia , Dracunculoidea/isolamento & purificação , Doenças dos Peixes/parasitologia , Animais , Dracunculoidea/genética , Fezes/parasitologia , Feminino , Masculino , Reprodução
11.
Parasitology ; 148(5): 612-622, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33557973

RESUMO

The swimbladder functions as a hydrostatic organ in most bony fishes, including the European eel, Anguilla anguilla. Infection by the nematode Anguillicoloides crassus impairs swimbladder function, significantly compromising the success of the eel spawning migration. Swimbladders from 32 yellow eels taken from Lake Trasimeno (Central Italy) were analysed by histopathology- and electron microscopy-based techniques. Sixteen eels (50%) harboured A. crassus in their swimbladders and intensity of infection ranged from 2 to 17 adult nematodes per organ (6.9 ± 1.6, mean ± s.e.). Gross observations of heavily infected swimbladders showed opacity and histological analysis found a papillose aspect to the mucosa and hyperplasia of the lamina propria, muscularis mucosae and submucosa. Inflammation, haemorrhages, dilation of blood vessels and epithelial erosion were common in infected swimbladders. In the epithelium of parasitized swimbladders, many empty spaces and lack of apical junctional complexes were frequent among the gas gland cells. In heavily infected swimbladders, we observed hyperplasia, cellular swelling and abundant vacuolization in the apical portion of the gas gland cells. Numerous mast cells and several macrophage aggregates were noticed in the mucosal layer of infected swimbladders. We found more nervous and endocrine elements immunoreactive to a panel of six rabbit polyclonal antibodies in infected swimbladders compared to uninfected.


Assuntos
Sacos Aéreos/parasitologia , Anguilla , Dracunculoidea/fisiologia , Doenças dos Peixes/patologia , Interações Hospedeiro-Parasita , Infecções por Spirurida/veterinária , Animais , Feminino , Doenças dos Peixes/parasitologia , Itália , Infecções por Spirurida/parasitologia , Infecções por Spirurida/patologia
12.
J Fish Dis ; 44(6): 771-782, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33270932

RESUMO

Encapsulation of the parasitic nematode Anguillicola crassus Kuwahara, Niimi & Hagaki is commonly observed in its native host, the Japanese eel (Anguilla japonica Temminck & Schlegel). Encapsulation has also been described in a novel host, the European eel (A. anguilla L.), and there is evidence that encapsulation frequency has increased since the introduction of A. crassus. We examined whether encapsulation of A. crassus provides an advantage to its novel host in Lake Müggelsee, NE Germany. We provide the first evidence that encapsulation was associated with reduced abundance of adult A. crassus. This pattern was consistent in samples taken 3 months apart. There was no influence of infection on the expression of the two metabolic genes studied, but the number of capsules was negatively correlated with the expression of two mhc II genes of the adaptive immune response, suggesting a reduced activation. Interestingly, eels that encapsulated A. crassus had higher abundances of two native parasites compared with non-encapsulating eels. We propose that the response of A. anguilla to infection by A. crassus may interfere with its reaction to other co-occurring parasites.


Assuntos
Anguilla , Dracunculoidea/fisiologia , Doenças dos Peixes/parasitologia , Infecções por Spirurida/veterinária , Animais , Dracunculoidea/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Doenças dos Peixes/epidemiologia , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Lagos , Larva/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Larva/fisiologia , Prevalência , Infecções por Spirurida/epidemiologia , Infecções por Spirurida/parasitologia
13.
Parasitol Res ; 119(12): 4005-4015, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33043417

RESUMO

Structure of the helminth community and analyses of helminth population parameters of Pimelodus blochii collected in the Xapuri River in comparison with those in the Acre River were evaluated. Eight adult helminth species were found parasitizing P. blochii in the Acre River: the nematodes Orientatractis moraveci, Rondonia rondoni, Philometroides acreanensis, Cucullanus (Cucculanus) pinai pinai, Procamallanus (Spirocamallanus) pimelodus, Rhadochona acuminata, and Brasilnema sp., and the trematode Dadaytrema oxycephala. For Xapuri's fishes, nine helminth species were found: the nematodes O. moraveci, R. rondoni, C. (C.) pinai pinai, Procamallanus (Spirocamallanus) rarus, P. (S.) pimelodus, R. acuminata, Brasilnema sp., and Cystidicolidae gen. sp., and the trematode D. oxycephala. Nematode and Acanthocephala larvae were also reported. Helminth abundance, prevalence, and diversity were influenced by seasonality and locality (river). The helminth parasites from Acre's fishes formed a subset of the helminth community of the Xapuri's. The results indicate an influence of the environmental characteristics of the rivers on the helminth community structure and diversity. This is the first study of the parasite community of P. blochii in the Xapuri River. The paretheses of (Spirocamallanus) and (S.) should not be in italics all along the text and tables.


Assuntos
Acantocéfalos/classificação , Ascaridoidea/classificação , Peixes-Gato/parasitologia , Dracunculoidea/classificação , Doenças dos Peixes/parasitologia , Trematódeos/classificação , Acantocéfalos/isolamento & purificação , Animais , Ascaridoidea/isolamento & purificação , Brasil/epidemiologia , Dracunculoidea/isolamento & purificação , Doenças dos Peixes/epidemiologia , Helmintíase Animal/parasitologia , Larva , Carga Parasitária , Rios/parasitologia , Trematódeos/isolamento & purificação
14.
Folia Parasitol (Praha) ; 672020 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33043892

RESUMO

We encountered two cases of infection with large female nematodes of the genus Philometra Costa, 1845 in the body cavity of a map puffer Arothron mappa (Lesson) caught off Okinawa, Japan, and a blackspotted puffer Arothron nigropunctatus (Bloch et Schneider) caught off Queensland, Australia, both reared in aquariums in Japan. No morphological difference was observed between the nematodes from A. mappa and A. nigropunctatus. We identified the nematodes as Philometra pellucida (Jägerskiöld, 1893) based on their morphology. The sequences of the nematodes from both hosts were identical to each other (1,643 bp) and formed a clade with other 17 nematodes belonging to the genera Philometra and Philometroides Yamaguti, 1935 with high bootstrap value (bp = 100). It is the first time that the genetic data on P. pellucida are provided. Philometra robusta Moravec, Möller et Heeger, 1992 is synonymised with the former species.


Assuntos
Dracunculoidea/classificação , Dracunculoidea/fisiologia , Doenças dos Peixes/parasitologia , Infecções por Spirurida/veterinária , Tetraodontiformes , Animais , Animais de Zoológico , Dracunculoidea/anatomia & histologia , Feminino , Japão , Queensland , Infecções por Spirurida/parasitologia
15.
Zootaxa ; 4858(4): zootaxa.4858.4.3, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33056212

RESUMO

Sets of small ribosomal DNA (SSU rDNA) and large ribosomal DNA (LSU rDNA) sequences were obtained for Philometroides moraveci Vismanis Yunchis, 1994, Philometra kotlani (Molnár, 1969), Philometra rischta Skrjabin, 1923, Philometra cf. obturans (Prenant, 1886) (Philometridae), Sinoichthyonema amuri (Garkavi, 1972), Agrachanus scardinii (Molnár, 1966), Kalmanmolnaria intestinalis (Dogiel Bychowsky, 1934) and Skrjabillanus tincae Shigin Shigina, 1958 (Skrjabillanidae). Phylogenetic analysis of SSU rDNA data shows that dracunculoid nematodes are divided into two well-supported clades designated as Clade I and Clade II, respectively. Clade I includes the type species of the genus Philonema Kuitunen-Ekbaum, 1933, some species from the family Daniconematidae Moravec Køie, 1987 and two subfamilies of skrjabillanids, Skrjabillaninae Shigin Shigina, 1958 and Esocineminae Moravec, 2006. Clade II unites species from the families Dracunculidae Stiles, 1907, Micropleuridae Baylis Daubney, 1926 and Philometridae Baylis Daubney, 1926. Within the Philometridae, there are several well-supported groups of species, one of which unites freshwater Philometra spp. from the Palearctic cyprinids, identified as P. kotlani, P rischta, P. ovata (Zeder, 1803) and P. cyprinirutili (Creplin, 1825). However, the phylogenetic relationships of most philometrids are unresolved. An analysis of partial SSU and LSU rDNA sequences indicates that there is no direct phylogenetic relationship between Agrachanus Tikhomirova, 1971 (type species Skrjabillanus scardinii Molnár, 1966) and Skrjabillanus Shigin Shigina, 1958 (type species Sk. tincae), which means that the genus Agrachanus can be resurrected. Our study confirms that Philonematinae Ivashkin, Sobolev Khromova, 1971 should be elevated to the family rank. We formally establish the family Philonematidae Ivashkin, Sobolev Khromova, 1971 stat. nov. We also suggest combining the superfamilies Dracunculoidea Stiles, 1907 and Camallanoidea Railliet Henry, 1915 into the infraorder Camallanomorpha Roberts, Janovy Nadler, 2013.


Assuntos
Dracunculoidea , Rabditídios , Spirurina , Animais , Cromadoria , Água Doce , Filogenia
16.
Folia Parasitol (Praha) ; 672020 Jul 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32764188

RESUMO

Recent examinations of marine perciform fishes from off the Florida coast in the Gulf of Mexico and Straits of Florida, USA, revealed the presence of the following six species of Philometra Costa, 1845 (Nematoda: Philometridae): P. haemulontis sp. n. (males and females) from the ovary of Haemulon plumierii (Lacepède) (type host) and H. aurolineatum Cuvier (both Haemulidae); Philometra synagridis Moravec, Bakenhaster et Fajer-Ávila, 2014 (males and females) from the ovary and testes of Lutjanus synagris (Linnaeus) (Lutjanidae); P. margolisi Moravec, Vidal-Martínez et Aguirre-Macedo, 1995 (male) from the ovary of Hyporthodus nigritus (Holbrook) (Serranidae) (new host record; probably a paradefinitive host); P. andersoni sp. n. (male) from the ovary of H. nigritus; Philometra sp. 1 (male) from the ovary of Rhomboplites aurorubens (Cuvier) (Lutjanidae); and Philometra sp. 2 (females) from the subcutaneous tissue of the anterior-most head sinuses of Hyporthodus niveatus (Valenciennes) (Serranidae). Specimens of species are described and illustrated based on light and (except for Philometra sp. 1) scanning electron microscopical examinations. Philometra haemulontis sp. n. differs from all congeners in the unique structure of the gubernaculum, whereas P. andersoni sp. n. can be differentiated from other gonad-infecting congeners parasitising the Serranidae by a combination of morphological features. Females of P. synagridis are described for the first time. Gravid females of Philometra sp. 2 are similar to those of P. morii Moravec, Bakenhaster et Fajer-Ávila, 2010, a subcutaneous parasite of Epinephelus morio (Valenciennes) (Serranidae) in the Gulf of Mexico.


Assuntos
Dracunculoidea/classificação , Dracunculoidea/fisiologia , Doenças dos Peixes/epidemiologia , Perciformes , Infecções por Spirurida/veterinária , Animais , Dracunculoidea/anatomia & histologia , Dracunculoidea/ultraestrutura , Feminino , Doenças dos Peixes/parasitologia , Florida/epidemiologia , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno , Masculino , Ovário/anatomia & histologia , Ovário/ultraestrutura , Prevalência , Infecções por Spirurida/epidemiologia , Infecções por Spirurida/parasitologia , Testículo/anatomia & histologia , Testículo/ultraestrutura
17.
J Exp Biol ; 223(Pt 17)2020 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32748794

RESUMO

One of the most detrimental factors in the drastic decline of the critically endangered European eel (Anguilla anguilla) was the inadvertent introduction of the invasive nematode Anguillicoloides crassus Infection primarily affects the swimbladder, a gas-filled organ that enables the eel to control its depth in the water. A reduction in swimbladder function may be fatal for eel undergoing their spawning migration to the Sargasso Sea, a journey of over 5000 km. Although the physiological damage caused by this invasive parasite is well studied through the use of quantifiable gross pathological indices, providing a good measure of the swimbladder health status, they cannot separate the role of mechanical and morphological damage. Our study examined the appropriateness of three commonly used indices as a measure of mechanical damage by performing uniaxial tensile tests on swimbladder specimens obtained from an infected eel population. When the test results were compared with the gross pathological indices it was found that thickness correlated most strongly with mechanical damage, both confirming and, more importantly, explaining the counterintuitive findings of earlier work. In a damaged swimbladder, the immune response leads to a trade-off; increasing wall thickness raises the pressure required for organ rupture but decreases strength. The results indicate that for moderate infection the mechanical integrity of the swimbladder can be maintained. For severe infection, however, a reduction in mechanical integrity may reach a tipping point, thereby affecting the successful completion of their oceanic migration.


Assuntos
Anguilla , Dracunculoidea , Doenças dos Peixes , Infecções por Nematoides , Sacos Aéreos , Animais , Infecções por Nematoides/veterinária
19.
Parasite ; 27: 5, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31985397

RESUMO

Recent examinations of spirurid nematodes (Spirurida) from deep-sea or coral reef marine fishes off New Caledonia, collected in the years 2006-2009, revealed the presence of the following five species: Ichthyofilaroides novaecaledoniensis (Moravec et Justine, 2009) n. gen., n. comb. (transferred from Ichthyofilaria Yamaguti, 1935) (females) (Guyanemidae) from the deep-sea fish Hoplichthys citrinus (Hoplichthyidae, Scorpaeniformes), Philometra sp. (male fourth-stage larva and mature female) (Philometridae) from Epinephelus maculatus (Serranidae, Perciformes), Ascarophis (Dentiascarophis) adioryx Machida, 1981 (female) (Cystidicolidae) from Sargocentron spiniferum (Holocentridae, Beryciformes), Ascarophis (Ascarophis) nasonis Machida, 1981 (males and females) from Naso lituratus and N. unicornis (Acanthuridae, Perciformes), and Ascarophisnema tridentatum Moravec et Justine, 2010 (female) from Gymnocranius grandoculis (Lethrinidae, Perciformes). Two species, I. novaecaledoniensis and A. nasonis, are redescribed based on light microscopical (LM) and scanning electron microscopical (SEM) examinations, the latter used in these species for the first time. Morphological data on the specimen of A. tridentatum from the new host species are provided. Philometra sp. (from E. maculatus) most probably represents a new gonad-infecting species of this genus. The newly established genus Ichthyofilaroides n. gen. is characterized mainly by the presence of a small buccal capsule and by the number and distribution of cephalic papillae in the female; it is the sixth genus in the Guyanemidae.


TITLE: Nouvelles mentions de nématodes spirurides (Nematoda, Spirurida, Guyanemidae, Philometridae & Cystidicolidae) de poissons marins de la Nouvelle-Calédonie, avec redescriptions de deux espèces et érection d'Ichthyofilaroides n. gen. ABSTRACT: L'étude récente de nématodes Spirurida de poissons marins de mer profonde ou des récifs coralliens au large de la Nouvelle-Calédonie, collectés dans les années 2006-2009, a révélé la présence des cinq espèces suivantes : Ichthyofilaroides novaecaledoniensis (Moravec et Justine, 2009) n. gen., n. comb. (transféré depuis Ichthyofilaria Yamaguti, 1935) (femelles) (Guyanemidae) du poisson de profondeur Hoplichthys citrinus (Hoplichthyidae, Scorpaeniformes), Philometra sp. (larve mâle de quatrième stade et femelle mûre) (Philometridae) d'Epinephelus maculatus (Serranidae, Perciformes), Ascarophis (Dentiascarophis) adioryx Machida, 1981 (femelle) (Cystidicolidae) de Sargocentron spiniferum (Holocentridae, Beryciformes), Ascarophis (Ascarophis) nasonis Machida, 1981 (mâles et femelles) de Naso lituratus et N. unicornis (Acanthuridae, Perciformes), et Ascarophisnema tridentatum Moravec et Justine, 2010 (femelle) de Gymnocranius grandoculis (Lethrinidae, Perciformes). Deux espèces, I. novaecaledoniensis et A. nasonis, sont redécrites sur la base de la microscopie optique et de la microscopie électronique à balayage, cette dernière étant utilisée pour la première fois chez ces espèces. Des données morphologiques sur le spécimen d'A. tridentatum de la nouvelle espèce hôte sont fournies. Philometra sp. (d'E. maculatus) représente très probablement une nouvelle espèce infectant les gonades de ce genre. Le genre nouvellement établi Ichthyofilaroides n. gen. se caractérise principalement par la présence d'une petite capsule buccale et par le nombre et la répartition des papilles céphaliques chez la femelle. C'est le sixième genre des Guyanemidae.


Assuntos
Doenças dos Peixes/parasitologia , Peixes/parasitologia , Infecções por Spirurida/veterinária , Espirurídios/classificação , Espirurídios/isolamento & purificação , Animais , Recifes de Corais , Dracunculoidea/classificação , Dracunculoidea/ultraestrutura , Feminino , Especificidade de Hospedeiro , Larva/anatomia & histologia , Larva/ultraestrutura , Masculino , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Nova Caledônia , Oceanos e Mares , Especificidade da Espécie , Espirurídios/anatomia & histologia , Espirurídios/ultraestrutura
20.
Folia Parasitol (Praha) ; 662019 Dec 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31849364

RESUMO

Occasional examinations of some marine fishes in Japan revealed, in addition to other parasites, the following eight species of philometrid nematodes (Philometridae) (all females only): Philometra kidakoi sp. n. from the ovary of Gymnothorax kidako (Temminck et Schlegel) (Muraenidae); Philometra pinnicola (Yamaguti, 1935) from the operculum of Epinephelus akaara (Temminck et Schlegel) (Serranidae); Philometra sebastisci Yamaguti, 1941 from the ovary of Sebastes cheni Barsukov (Scorpaenidae) (new host); Philometra madai Quiazon, Yoshinaga et Ogawa, 2008 from the ovary of Acanthopagrus schlegelii (Bleeker) (Sparidae) (new host); Philometra isaki Quiazon, Yoshinaga et Ogawa, 2008 from the ovary of Parapristipoma trilineatum (Thunberg) (Haemulidae); Philometra sp. from the ovary of Synanceia verrucosa Bloch et Schneider (Synanceiidae); Congerinema japonicum gen. et sp. n. from the subcutaneous tissue of Conger myriaster (Brevoort) (Congridae); and Clavinema mariae (Layman, 1930) from the operculum of Acentrogobius pflaumii (Bleeker) (Gobiidae). Specimens of all species are described based on light and scanning electron microscopical examinations. Philometra kidakoi sp. n. is the first gonad-infecting philometrid from the Muraenidae. The new monotypic genus Congerinema gen. n. is characterised by the unique net-like cuticular ornamentation on the female body. Clavinema mariae is considered to be a complex of several cryptic species and a need of the discovery of conspecific males is stressed (this also concerns other philometrid species with unknown males). At present, the fauna of philometrid nematodes parasitising marine fishes in Japanese waters is represented by 22 nominal species belonging to four genera.


Assuntos
Dracunculoidea/classificação , Doenças dos Peixes/epidemiologia , Peixes , Interações Hospedeiro-Parasita , Infecções por Spirurida/veterinária , Animais , Dracunculoidea/anatomia & histologia , Dracunculoidea/ultraestrutura , Feminino , Doenças dos Peixes/parasitologia , Japão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Microscopia/veterinária , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura/veterinária , Especificidade da Espécie , Infecções por Spirurida/epidemiologia , Infecções por Spirurida/parasitologia
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...