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1.
Ber Wiss ; 45(1-2): 245-260, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35655321

RESUMO

In this paper, the author, a historian, describes the challenges he encountered as he sought to turn the Farm Hall event and its surviving transcripts into a theatrical play. The play, Farm Hall, was produced in New York in 2014 and published in Cassidy 2017. This paper further discusses what the author learned about the nature and elements of a play, how he applied those lessons to his play, and the advantages and disadvantages of this genre for bringing historical events to the general public.


Assuntos
Drama , Fazendas , Humanos , Masculino , New York , Redação
2.
PLoS One ; 17(5): e0267310, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35622778

RESUMO

The progressive advent of artificial intelligence machines may represent both an opportunity or a threat. In order to have an idea of what is coming we propose a model that simulate a Human-AI ecosystem. In particular we consider systems where agents present biases, peer-to-peer interactions and also three body interactions that are crucial and describe two humans interacting with an artificial agent and two artificial intelligence agents interacting with a human. We focus our analysis by exploring how the relative fraction of artificial intelligence agents affect that ecosystem. We find evidence that for suitable values of the interaction parameters, arbitrarily small changes in such percentage may trigger dramatic changes for the system that can be either in one of the two polarised states or in an undecided state.


Assuntos
Drama , Ecossistema , Inteligência Artificial , Humanos , Grupo Associado , Registros
3.
J Glob Health ; 12: 04039, 2022 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35567587

RESUMO

Background: "Cest la Vie!" (CLV) is a serial drama that entertains, educates, and promotes positive health behaviors and social change for West African audiences. The purpose of this study was to evaluate if watching the CLV Season 2 series online had an impact on people's health knowledge, attitudes, and norms, focusing on populations in francophone West Africa. Methods: Between July 2019 and October 2019, viewers of CLV and non-viewers were recruited from Facebook and YouTube. We conducted an online longitudinal cohort study that assessed changes in health knowledge, attitudes, and norms (KAN) between these groups. Participants completed a baseline survey prior to the online airing and up to three follow-up surveys corresponding to specific health stories in the series, including sexual violence, emergency contraception, and female circumcision. We used descriptive statistics to describe viewers and non-viewers, and an item response theory (IRT) analysis to identify the effect of viewing CLV on overall KAN. Results: A total of 1674 respondents participated in the study. One in four participants (23%, n = 388) had seen one of the three storylines from CLV Season 2 (ie, CLV viewers). At follow-up, viewers were more likely than non-viewers to know when to correctly use emergency contraception (P < 0.001) and to believe that the practice of female circumcision should end (P = 0.001). Compared to people who did not see CLV, viewers of the series had 26% greater odds of answering pro-health responses at follow-up about sexual assault, emergency contraception, and female circumcision. Further, the level of engagement with specific storylines was associated with a differential impact on overall outcome questions. Conclusions: As internet access continues to grow across the globe and health education materials are created and adapted for new media environments, our study provides a novel approach to examining the impact of online entertainment-education content on health knowledge, attitudes, and norms.


Assuntos
Drama , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Feminino , Educação em Saúde , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Televisão
4.
Res Dev Disabil ; 125: 104221, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35364425

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The media plays a vital role in addressing the issues of society through audiovisual means that contribute to the transmission of media messages. Drama contributes to implement positive values or negative attitudes in people's minds towards various societal issues. The negative stereotypes shaped by drama about persons with disabilities (PWDs) have attracted the attention of the researchers. Therefore, Arabic drama is required to present a true portrait of PWDs that reflects their reality without exaggeration or discrimination. It is also required to re-correct the stereotyped image that has been formed in society towards PWDs. AIMS: This literature research was conducted to review and analyze research and theses that presented PWDs in Arabic drama. The research sought to reveal the stereotypical behavior of PWDs in Arabic drama, categories of disability, and drama genres that presented PWDs. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: This research included 17 peer-reviewed research and thesis obtained from Arab and international databases from 2002 to 2022. The content analysis card was used to achieve the aims of this research. OUTCOMES AND RESULTS: The findings of the literature review indicated that the majority of Arab dramas presented negative stereotypes of PWDs. The results also showed that intellectual disability, visual impairment, and physical disabilities were the most dominant in Arabic movies and television series. CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: Arabic drama and media were unable to present accurate representations of PWDs. They appeared in a distorted and satirical way in movies and television series. Perhaps, these negative stereotypes emerged from the prevailing popular cultures in the Arab countries that produce these movies and series. It is thus necessary to remove these stereotypes expressed in drama to enhance awareness and societal inclusion in the Arab culture and countries.


Assuntos
Pessoas com Deficiência , Drama , Humanos , Estereotipagem , Televisão
5.
Clin Imaging ; 87: 54-55, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35489209

RESUMO

After I started my radiology training, searching for art in radiology became a passion for me. One of the most concrete examples of my search was a case of CT-guided biopsy we encountered recently. In a patient with metastatic cancer, we searched for the primary lesion. PET/CT showed a focus in the upper lobe of the right lung. During the CT-guided biopsy, this lesion was like a smiling face in shape. The fact that this cute-looking mass was metastatic cancer reminded me of a character from Hamlet. In William Shakespeare's famous work, Prince Hamlet refers to Claudius as a 'smiling villain' and draws attention to the evil behind his smile. In this article, we discuss the similarity of our daily practice with Hamlet through a case.


Assuntos
Drama , Radiologia , Drama/história , Emoções , Humanos , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons combinada à Tomografia Computadorizada
6.
Neuropsychologia ; 169: 108153, 2022 05 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35114217

RESUMO

The organizational structure of music is similar to that found in language, involving a large number of complicated hierarchical and embedded structures. The factors inducing complexities and difficulties in embedded structure processing are important subjects of inquiry in areas of cognitive neuroscience, such as music and language domains. Enlightened by relevant linguistic theories, this study investigated the influence of dependency lengthening and structural shift on musical embedded sequences processing. Results showed that final chords in sequences with long dependence elicited larger ERAN and N5 under near-key shift conditions, while elicited larger ERAN and LPC under far-key shift conditions, when compared to the sequences with short dependence; Further, the final chords in sequences with far-key shift elicited larger N5 under short dependence conditions, while elicited larger LPC under long dependence conditions when compared to the sequences with near-key shift. These results indicate that both dependency lengthening and structure shift could be the factors inducing complexities and difficulties in the processing of musical embedded structures, and there might be some common mechanisms underlying the processing of center-embedded structure across music and language domains.


Assuntos
Drama , Música , Percepção Auditiva , Potenciais Evocados Auditivos , Humanos , Idioma
7.
J Med Humanit ; 43(1): 129-139, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31989405

RESUMO

A number of studies show that when doctors become ill, there is often ambiguity in the division of roles and responsibilities in the medical encounter. Yet little is known about how the dilemma of the sick doctor has changed over time. This article explores the experience of illness among physicians by applying an historical, narratological approach to three doctor's narratives about personal cases of cardiac disease: Max Pinner's from the 1940s, Robert Seaver's from the 1980s, and John Mulligan's from 2015. Drawing on Erving Goffman's principles of social interaction, I argue that part of the challenge in the analysed narratives is because when doctors seek medical attention for themselves, the ensuing medical 'drama' suffers. I compare the three narratives to argue that the experience of becoming a patient while simultaneously remaining a doctor is a challenge that has changed over time. In Pinner's narrative, the patient identity is both undesirable and inaccessible; in Seaver's, role ambivalence between doctor and patient is the most salient feature; for Mulligan, his personal rather than professional experience of illness is the overarching theme of the narrative. Finally, I suggest that an awareness of how the medical drama often changes when doctors are patients might prove beneficial both for the doctor-patients and providers of medical care.


Assuntos
Drama , Cardiopatias , Médicos , Humanos , Narração , Relações Médico-Paciente
9.
Lima; Perú. Colegio Médico del Perú. Fondo Editorial Comunicacional; 1 ed; Dic. 2021. 153 p. ilus.
Monografia em Espanhol | MINSAPERÚ, LIPECS, MINSAPERÚ | ID: biblio-1363264

RESUMO

El presente libro está dividido en cinco partes: I. Planteamiento del problema., II. Bases científicas del adulterio: Una revisión de los aspectos biológicos, antropológicos, neurológicos y psicológicos., III. Adulterio y sociedad. Un examen de los aspectos socioculturales de la monogamia en relación a la ley, religión y arte., IV. Aspectos clínicos del adulterio: el dolor y las consecuencias que ocasiona la traición., V. Tratamientos. Se ocupa de la terapia de pareja en caso de adulterio y de los celos patológicos. El capítulo uno es de índole semántica. Diferencia adulterio de infidelidad y engaño; Asimismo, de las situaciones límite, delitos y psicopatología. Redefine el concepto adulterio en las parejas de convivientes conformadas por personas separadas no divorciadas. Todo ello, para tener un lenguaje científico común. El capítulo dos plantea el problema del adulterio como un hecho histórico tan frecuente que lleva a pensar si acaso no obedece a una pulsión promiscua natural en contradicción con la exigencia de fidelidad del matrimonio monogámico. Algunos factores biológicos de la sexualidad humana -genéticos, endocrinos, neurológicos y etológicos-, que podrían sustentar una base instintiva promiscua, se describen en el capítulo tres. El capítulo cuatro escudriña si los primeros humanos fueron promiscuos, para explicar una eventual herencia polígama del hombre moderno. Se explora el asiento anatómico y la química cerebral del enamoramiento, en el capítulo cinco. El capítulo seis compara los amores romántico, conyugal y excelso. El capítulo siete muestra la base económico-social del matrimonio monógamo, sus crisis y el eventual divorcio. Se examina el adulterio ante la ley como causal de divorcio, en el capítulo ocho. Se propone a los psiquiatras recomendaciones para la correcta certificación médica en el Poder Judicial. El capítulo nueve contiene las actitudes de la religión ante el adulterio: condena, perdón, derecho al divorcio; asimismo, las incongruencias de algunos pacientes religiosos y la lapidación musulmana como castigo. Se presentan dos casos de adulterio de figuras políticas que llevaron a sus respectivos Estados a un remezón internacional; y dos casos nacionales de escándalo, en el capítulo diez. En el capítulo once, se exhibe la infidelidad en la literatura universal como reflejo del drama de los seres humanos. El capítulo doce estudia el feminicidio, su distribución en América Latina y las bases neurológicas de la furia asesina. Del miedo a comprometerse en matrimonio, por parte de los varones, y de las mujeres a quedarse solteras, trata el capítulo trece. En el capítulo catorce, se describen las alternativas ensayadas ante las limitaciones de la monogamia: matrimonio grupal, matrimonio abierto y los grupos beatnik. Los motivos del adulterio, principalmente el déficit de amor y relaciones sexuales, se analizan en el capítulo quince. Finalmente, se verifica que la infidelidad se da por una conjunción de factores psíquicos, culturales y económicos. Las señales de infidelidad, las maniobras que realiza el adúltero para no ser descubierto y los indicios inevitables que va dejando en su aventura, se tratan en el capítulo dieciséis. Un caso particular son los actos fallidos, venidos del inconsciente, que lo delatan. Además, se examina el caso de la víctima que ignora los signos de la infidelidad. En el capítulo diecisiete, se describe el dolor del cónyuge ofendido, las reacciones psíquicas y conductuales inmediatas como la violencia y la depresión. Además, se examinan las tribulaciones del ofensor. En el capítulo dieciocho, se describen las consecuencias del adulterio en cada miembro de la pareja, la familia y la sociedad. Se examina el sufrimiento que sigue, el resentimiento a largo plazo y la eventual disfunción matrimonial. Los aspectos de la psicoterapia de pareja en el adulterio consumado, se muestran en el capítulo diecinueve. Se presentan cuatro enfoques psicológicos de interés, sus bases teóricas, la personalidad del terapeuta y las técnicas de intervención. El capítulo veinte trata de la intervención del terapeuta en la pareja ya separada y su eventual reconciliación o divorcio. En el capítulo veintiuno, se exploran los celos y sus tipos. Se presta atención a la celotipia, una forma de psicosis paranoica en la que el enfermo imagina convencido de modo irreductible que el cónyuge es infiel; entonces, sufre y hace sufrir, como si hubiese sido traicionado realmente. Se propone el tratamiento de los celos a base de medicamentos, medidas higiénicas y psicoterapia, en el capítulo veintidós. El capítulo veintitrés ofrece algunas recomendaciones prácticas de cómo reaccionar ante la noticia de adulterio. Se dan sugerencias, tanto para el ofendido como para el ofensor. Finaliza el texto con las principales conclusiones acerca del adulterio


Assuntos
Psiquiatria , Psicoterapia , Casamento , Fatores Biológicos , Saúde Mental , Transtornos Psicóticos Afetivos , Drama , Relações Extramatrimoniais , Sexismo , Traição
10.
Clin Dermatol ; 39(6): 985-989, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34920835

RESUMO

The terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001, caused a significant loss of life and resulted in injuries, plus other health issues that continue to plague many survivors and responders to this day. With the 20th anniversary of this tragedy approaching, this contribution looks at the dermatologic injuries suffered on the day of the attacks, including burns and lacerations, along with the chronic skin conditions that have afflicted survivors and responders during the nearly two decades since. These chronic illnesses include sarcoidosis, autoimmune disease, ill-defined skin lesions and irritation, nonmelanoma skin cancer, and melanoma. We also recognize the heroism of first responders who struggled to save the lives of those injured at the World Trade Center and the Pentagon, many of whom have suffered health consequences that continue to have lasting effects on them and on the people they treated.


Assuntos
Dermatologia , Drama , Terrorismo , Humanos , Sobreviventes
11.
BMJ Glob Health ; 6(11)2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34758970

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Infectious disease misinformation is widespread and poses challenges to disease control. There is limited evidence on how to effectively counter health misinformation in a community setting, particularly in low-income regions, and unsettled scientific debate about whether misinformation should be directly discussed and debunked, or implicitly countered by providing scientifically correct information. METHODS: The Contagious Misinformation Trial developed and tested interventions designed to counter highly prevalent infectious disease misinformation in Sierra Leone, namely the beliefs that (1) mosquitoes cause typhoid and (2) typhoid co-occurs with malaria. The information intervention for group A (n=246) explicitly discussed misinformation and explained why it was incorrect and then provided the scientifically correct information. The intervention for group B (n=245) only focused on providing correct information, without directly discussing related misinformation. Both interventions were delivered via audio dramas on WhatsApp that incorporated local cultural understandings of typhoid. Participants were randomised 1:1:1 to the intervention groups or the control group (n=245), who received two episodes about breast feeding. RESULTS: At baseline 51% believed that typhoid is caused by mosquitoes and 59% believed that typhoid and malaria always co-occur. The endline survey was completed by 91% of participants. Results from the intention-to-treat, per-protocol and as-treated analyses show that both interventions substantially reduced belief in misinformation compared with the control group. Estimates from these analyses, as well as an exploratory dose-response analysis, suggest that direct debunking may be more effective at countering misinformation. Both interventions improved people's knowledge and self-reported behaviour around typhoid risk reduction, and yielded self-reported increases in an important preventive method, drinking treated water. CONCLUSION: These results from a field experiment in a community setting show that highly prevalent health misinformation can be countered, and that direct, detailed debunking may be most effective. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT04112680.


Assuntos
Drama , Comunicação , Humanos , Serra Leoa/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
12.
Clin Dermatol ; 39(4): 714-717, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34809779

RESUMO

Disorders with dermatologic features are intractable and rife in Shakespeare's world. For this reason, they occupy an unusual position in culture. "The plague" and "leprosy" are popular insults and epithets-indictments of not external pathogens but of moral failure. It may be no surprise to identify, as a present-day reader, syphilis and the plague in early modern England, but what about other dermatologic conditions at the time? "The plague," "leprosy," "the pox," and "measles" are commonly used terms, although ultimately interchangeable in Shakespeare's plays. Rosacea and scurvy, however, are described by Shakespeare before they become named entities. Bardolph's skin characterizes his alcohol addiction and thievery, and Caliban's "monstrous" form mirrors his state as an untouchable in society. Shakespeare also documents the "royal touch" in Macbeth, which links the ability of a monarch to heal the skin lesions of extrapulmonary tuberculosisto political legitimacy. Shakespeare does little more than document this historic ritual around the skin, but he does catalogue the ways these acquired diseases of the skin are used in daily speech and character writing. At the end of Macbeth, the "royal touch" gives Prince Malcolm the backstory and political precedent to march on Dunsinane Hill to reclaim the Scottish throne.


Assuntos
Drama , Medicina na Literatura , Rosácea , Sífilis , Humanos , Masculino , Pele , Sífilis/diagnóstico
14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34574814

RESUMO

With the recent increase in the number of cancer patients, it is important to educate nursing students using pedagogical techniques that nurture understanding and empathy for cancer patients. This study examined nursing students' experiences caring for cancer patients after receiving drama-combined nursing education for cancer care (DCC), which consisted of three elements: lectures, dramatic scenarios, and debriefing. The lectures dealt with cancer statistics, diseases, and nursing, and the dramatic scenarios depicted both breast cancer patients and lung cancer patients. Sixty-seven junior-year nursing students attended a 90 min DCC session developed by the authors. Focus group interviews were conducted to explore students' educational experiences, and the following three themes were derived using the thematic analysis method: 'understanding the lives of patients with severe diseases and their families', 'seeing a nursing role model provide patient-centered care', and 'projecting an image of oneself as a future nurse'. Using drama in nursing education for cancer patients provided an opportunity for students to imagine the clinical experiences of cancer patients, helping them to understand patients' points of view and reflect on their self-images as future nurses. The DCC developed for nursing students in this study is a promising way to deliver distinctive and meaningful learning experiences.


Assuntos
Drama , Educação em Enfermagem , Neoplasias , Estudantes de Enfermagem , Empatia , Humanos , Aprendizagem
15.
BMC Med Educ ; 21(1): 509, 2021 Sep 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34565375

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Medical dramas have been popular since their inception, especially among medical students. We hypothesized that the recent increase in the availability of TV medical series through online streaming platforms has probably changed health science students' viewing habits as well as the representation of bioethical conflicts and health professionals. METHODS: We invited undergraduate students of medicine, nursing, and human biology to complete a self-administered questionnaire about their viewing habits and perceptions of the depictions of bioethical issues and professionalism in TV medical series. RESULTS: Of the 355 respondents, 98.6 % had watched TV in the last year, 93.5 % watched TV series, and 49.6 % watched medical dramas more than once a week. The most-viewed medical dramas were The Good Doctor, House MD, and Grey's Anatomy. The most-remembered bioethical topics were medical errors, inappropriate professional behaviors, and death. Most students considered that ideals of professionalism were depicted positively and professionals were portrayed as intelligent, professionally qualified, and competent. CONCLUSIONS: Medical dramas are very popular with health science students and are potentially useful as teaching tools for discussing issues related to bioethics and professionalism.


Assuntos
Bioética , Drama , Estudantes de Medicina , Hábitos , Humanos , Profissionalismo , Televisão
16.
Nurse Educ Pract ; 56: 103177, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34488180

RESUMO

AIM: To describe and illuminate conflict situations nursing students encounter during their clinical practice, narrated and performed through Forum Play. BACKGROUND: Conflicts are common in healthcare settings and affect patient care and the wellbeing of nurses. To be able to manage complex practice situations, conflict management is an essential competence for nurses and should be highlighted during education. The aim of the study was to describe and illuminate conflict situations nursing students encounter during their clinical practice, narrated and performed through Forum Play. DESIGN: The study was designed as a summative qualitative analysis of written group assignments related to nursing students' participation in a drama workshop. METHOD: A summative qualitative content analysis of written group assignments related to nursing students' participation in a drama workshop, focusing on conflict management. During the workshop the students explored conflict situations they had encountered during clinical practice, through Forum Play. After the workshop, the students handed in a mandatory written group assignment where they described one of the conflict situations. RESULTS: The findings are presented in three categories; Parties; Arenas; Situations, one main theme; "Who knows best" and two subthemes; Difficulties to adapt to the new and Difficulties reaching a mutual understanding. CONCLUSION: Conflict situations that nursing students encounter during their clinical practice often stem from the health care staff's difficulties in adapting to the new and difficulty reaching a mutual understanding. Conflict management can be implemented as a powerful learning strategy in nursing education.


Assuntos
Drama , Bacharelado em Enfermagem , Educação em Enfermagem , Estudantes de Enfermagem , Atenção à Saúde , Humanos , Aprendizagem , Pesquisa Qualitativa
17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34444216

RESUMO

An infant's early contact with music affects its future development in a broad sense, including the development of musical aptitude. Contact with the mother's voice, both prenatally and after birth, is also extremely important for creating an emotional bond between the infant and the mother. This article discusses the role that auditory experience-both typically musical and that associated with the mother's voice-plays in fetal, neonatal, and infant development, particularly in terms of musical aptitude. Attempts have also been made to elucidate the neuropsychological mechanisms underlying the positive effects that appropriate musical stimulation can have on a child's development.


Assuntos
Drama , Música , Criança , Desenvolvimento Infantil , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Mães
18.
New Bioeth ; 27(3): 266-284, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34355660

RESUMO

Babylon 5, like other great sci-fi franchises, touched on important ethical questions. Two ethical conundrums relating to the series' main characters included providing life-saving treatment to a child against their parents' wishes and potential involvement with a highly beneficial but morally dubious medication. I use these cases to discuss some aspects of the COVID-19 vaccines' development and roll-out, demonstrating that people (be it patients or clinicians) might object to some vaccines due to reasonable ethics and safety-based concerns rather than due to an anti-vaxxer mind-set. I highlight that it would be disingenuous to lump these two groups of objections together for not all objections to specific vaccines are objections to vaccination in general. Rather, governments and pharmaceutical companies should seriously engage with the concerns of reasonable objectors to provide citizens with the appropriate products and ensure large vaccination uptake - in the case of COVID-19 this should include giving patients the choice of the product they will be inoculated with.


Assuntos
COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Consciência , Recusa do Médico a Tratar/ética , Vacinas contra COVID-19/administração & dosagem , Criança , Drama , Humanos , Princípios Morais , Segurança do Paciente
19.
PLoS One ; 16(8): e0255610, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34379642

RESUMO

13 Reasons Why is a Netflix original series adapted from Jay Asher's 2007 young adult novel with the same title. Season 1 premiered on March 31, 2017 and featured the sensitive issue of teen suicide along with bullying, substance use, depression, and sexual assault. Unlike the typical teen dramas on popular streaming platforms, this show was created not only for entertainment, but also to stimulate conversations about taboo topics that people often shy away from. However, it also caused significant controversy, especially criticism around the main character Hannah's suicide scene. More than three years into the initial controversy and at least two dozen scholarly publications later, this study is the first to examine the entertainment narrative content of 13 Reasons Why Season 1 to better understand how these health and social issues were portrayed in the show, what specific examples we could identify as potential behavioral modeling, and to what degree it complied with the 2017 WHO guidelines for media professionals. We used the framing theory and social cognitive theory in communication research and media studies as our guiding conceptual frameworks and a narrative analysis approach to investigate a total of 660 cut scenes in all 13 episodes. Our findings provided empirical evidence, along with contextual information and detailed examples, to demonstrate that a popular entertainment program like the Netflix series 13 Reasons Why serves as a double-edged sword. The production team's good will and due diligence are commendable. Yet, additional steps can be taken in the future to effectively promote professional resources and reduce viewers' risks, especially the most vulnerable groups.


Assuntos
Comunicação , Filmes Cinematográficos/estatística & dados numéricos , Mídias Sociais/estatística & dados numéricos , Suicídio/prevenção & controle , Suicídio/psicologia , Televisão/normas , Adolescente , Bullying , Drama , Humanos , Televisão/tendências
20.
Stud Hist Philos Sci ; 89: 63-73, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34385096

RESUMO

We have previously argued that historical cases must be rendered canonical before they can plausibly serve as evidence for philosophical claims, where canonicity is established through a process of negotiation among historians and philosophers of science (Bolinska and Martin, 2020). Here, we extend this proposal by exploring how that negotiation might take place in practice. The working stock of historical examples that philosophers tend to employ has long been established informally, and, as a result, somewhat haphazardly. The composition of the historical canon of philosophy of science is therefore path dependent, and cases often become stock examples for reasons tangential to their appropriateness for the purposes at hand. We show how the lack of rigor around the canonization of case studies has muddied the waters in selected philosophical debates. This, in turn, lays the groundwork for proposing ways in which they can be improved.


Assuntos
Drama , Filosofia , Filosofia/história
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