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1.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 300: 115728, 2023 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36126783

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Tongguanteng injection (TGT), the water extract from the stem of the Traditional Chinese hebal medicine of Marsdenia tenacissima (Roxb.) Wight et Arn. has been used as anticancer remedy for decades. TGT was not only used in the treatment of many malignant cancers extensively, but also an adjuvant anticancer drug with chemotherapeutics clinically. AIM OF THE STUDY: To evaluate the effects of TGT on reversing paclitaxel (PTX) resistance and investigate the potential mechanism related to TAB1 in ovarian cancer (OC) in vitro and in vivo. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The synergistic effect and reversal ratio were determined by CCK8 assay and median-effect principle after the combination of TGT and PTX in OC A2780 and its PTX-resistant (A2780/T) cells. The biological functions in cell apoptosis, migration and invasion of A2780/T cells treated by PTX 4 µM with TGT 20, 40, 80 mg⋅mL-1 for 24 h were evaluated by colony formation, flow cytometry, wound healing and transwell assays. Proteomics technique and bioinformatic analysis were used to indentify the change of TAB1 expression in A2780/T cells induced by TGT. The association between TAB1 expression and human OC was analyzed by gene expression databases. In A2780/T cells, western blotting and colony formation assays were used to investigate the relationship between TAB1 expression and PTX resistance after TAB1 overexpression by TAB1 plasmids. The mechanism of TGT and PTX regulating TAB1 and its related proteins were explored by western blotting and flow cytometry assays after TAB1 knock-down using siTAB1. Moreover, TUNEL staining, immunohistochemistry (IHC) and histopathology were used to observe the antitumor effects, TAB1 and p-p38 expression and the tissues impairments in nude mice xenograft model established by A2780/T cells after the co-treatment with TGT and PTX by in vivo. RESULTS: TGT combined with PTX showed the synergistic effect (CI<1), which could reverse the IC50 values of PTX in OC A2780 and A2780/T cells about 23.50 and 6.44 times, respectively. Besides, TGT combined with PTX could significantly inhibit the migration, invasion and promote apoptosis of A2780/T cells. We identified that TGT could induce TAB1 expression in A2780/T cells by proteomics analysis. TAB1 downregulation was significantly associated with tumorigenesis and poor prognosis in OC patients and PTX resistance in A2780/T cells. Furthermore, TGT could activate TAB1/TAK1/p38 MAPK signaling pathway targeting TAB1 and regulate the expression of Bax, Bcl-2 proteins to improve the sensitivity of A2780/T cells to PTX. TGT combined with PTX also showed a greater inhibition in tumor growth than PTX monotherapy in vivo. These promising results show the efficacy of TGT in reversing PTX resistance and provide a potential strategy that targeting TAB1/TAK1/p38 MAPK signaling pathway may improve the chemotherapy sensitivity in OC. CONCLUSIONS: Our results revealed that Tongguanteng injection could reverse paclitaxel resistance and the potential mechanism might be associated with the activation of TAB1/TAK1/p38 MAPK signaling pathway in OC in vitro and in vivo. TAB1 might be a pivotal target for reversing PTX resistance. This study will provide a theoretical basis for the combination of Tongguanteng injection and paclitaxel in clinic.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos , Antineoplásicos , Neoplasias Ovarianas , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/genética , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/metabolismo , Animais , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/uso terapêutico , Apoptose , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Feminino , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , Neoplasias Ovarianas/patologia , Paclitaxel/farmacologia , Paclitaxel/uso terapêutico , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/metabolismo , Regulação para Cima , Proteína X Associada a bcl-2/metabolismo , Proteínas Quinases p38 Ativadas por Mitógeno/metabolismo
2.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 301: 115815, 2023 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36220508

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Piper longum L., an herbal medicine used in India and other Asian countries, is prescribed routinely for a range of diseases, including tumor. Piperlongumine, a natural product isolated from Piper longum L., has received widespread attention due to its various pharmacological activities, such as anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, and antitumor effects. AIM OF THE STUDY: Chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) is a hematopoietic disease caused by Bcr-Abl fusion gene, with an incidence of 15% in adult leukemias. Targeting Bcr-Abl by imatinib provides a successful treatment approach for CML. However, imatinib resistance is an inevitable issue for CML treatment. In particular, T315I mutant is the most stubborn of the Bcr-Abl point mutants associated with imatinib resistance. Therefore, it is urgent to find an alternative approach to conquer imatinib resistance. This study investigated the role of a natural product piperlongumine in overcoming imatinib resistance in CML. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cell viability and apoptosis were evaluated by MTS assay and Annexin V/propidium iodide counterstaining assay, respectively. Levels of intracellular signaling proteins were assessed by Western blots. Mitochondrial membrane potential was reflected by the fluorescence intensity of rhodamine-123. The function of proteasome was detected using 20S proteasomal activity assay, proteasomal deubiquitinase activity assay, and deubiquitinase active-site-directed labeling. The antitumor effects of piperlongumine were assessed with mice xenografts. RESULTS: We demonstrate that (i) Piperlongumine inhibits proteasome function by targeting 20S proteasomal peptidases and 19S proteasomal deubiquitinases (USP14 and UCHL5) in Bcr-Abl-WT and Bcr-Abl-T315I CML cells; (ii) Piperlongumine inhibits the cell viability of CML cell lines and primary CML cells; (iii) Proteasome inhibition by piperlongumine leads to cell apoptosis and downregulation of Bcr-Abl; (iv) Piperlongumine suppresses the tumor growth of CML xenografts. CONCLUSIONS: These results support that blockade of proteasome activity by piperlongumine provides a new therapeutic strategy for treating imatinib-resistant CML.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Produtos Biológicos , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva , Humanos , Camundongos , Animais , Mesilato de Imatinib/farmacologia , Mesilato de Imatinib/uso terapêutico , Complexo de Endopeptidases do Proteassoma/metabolismo , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Proliferação de Células , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/tratamento farmacológico , Proteínas de Fusão bcr-abl/genética , Apoptose , Enzimas Desubiquitinantes/uso terapêutico , Produtos Biológicos/uso terapêutico , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Ubiquitina Tiolesterase/uso terapêutico
3.
J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem ; 38(1): 239-245, 2023 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36373202

RESUMO

EGFR is a protein kinase whose aberrant activity is frequently involved in the development of non-small lung cancer (NSCLC) drug resistant forms. The allosteric inhibition of this enzyme is currently one among the most attractive approaches to design and develop anticancer drugs. In a previous study, we reported the identification of a hit compound acting as type III allosteric inhibitor of the L858R/T790M double mutant EGFR. Herein, we report the design, synthesis and in vitro testing of a series of analogues of the previously identified hit with the aim of exploring the structure-activity relationships (SAR) around this scaffold. The performed analyses allowed us to identify two compounds 15 and 18 showing improved inhibition of double mutant EGFR with respect to the original hit, as well as interesting antiproliferative activity against H1975 NSCLC cancer cells expressing double mutant EGFR. The newly discovered compounds represent promising starting points for further hit-to-lead optimisation.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Humanos , Receptores ErbB/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/metabolismo , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases , Mutação , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos
4.
Int J Oncol ; 62(1)2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36382667

RESUMO

Death associated protein­3 (DAP3) was identified as a responsive protein to interferon­gamma­induced cell death which possibly exerts this regulation by interacting with DAP3 binding cell Death enhancer­1 (DELE1), a newly discovered mitochondrial stress protein in response to cell stress signals. Whilst DAP3 has been shown to be aberrantly expressed in several cancer types (i.e. breast cancer), little is known about the relationship between DAP3 and DELE1 in cancers. The present study examined the expression levels of both DAP3 and DELE1 in clinical colorectal cancers (CRCs), as well as their implication on chemoresistance and mechanism behind the action. Firstly, transcript levels of both DAP3 and DELE1 were quantitatively assessed in a clinical cohort of CRC (n=94). Tumour tissues had significantly higher levels of DAP3, but not DELE1 compared with normal tissues. Levels of DAP3 and DELE1 had a significant association with patient's clinical outcomes and local recurrence. DAP3 and DELE1 significantly correlated in normal colorectal tissues but not in tumour tissues. Secondly, the protein levels of DAP3 and DELE1 were evaluated in both normal and tumour colon tissues which showed that both proteins were highly aberrant in CRC tissues. In addition, both DAP3 and DELE1 at transcript and protein levels were identified as prognostic factors for patient's clinical outcomes. Furthermore, in in vitro assays, knocking down DAP3 or DELE1, and in particular both DAP3 and DELE1 together rendered the CRC cells more sensitive to chemotherapy drugs, consistent with clinical findings of the TCGA­COAD datasets. The acquisition of drug sensitivity following the genetic knockdown was independent of the mitochondrial metabolism, as neither DAP3 knockdown nor DELE1 knockdown showed a significant change. In summary, DAP3 and DELE1 are highly aberrant in CRCs, and both molecules are prognostic factors for patient's clinical outcomes and local recurrence, and are indicators for chemoresistance.


Assuntos
Proteínas Reguladoras de Apoptose , Neoplasias Colorretais , Humanos , Proteínas Reguladoras de Apoptose/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/genética , Morte Celular , Proteínas Mitocondriais/genética , Proteínas Mitocondriais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Colorretais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral
5.
Gene ; 850: 146930, 2023 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36195266

RESUMO

Resistance to cancer therapeutics represents a leading cause of mortality and is particularly important in cancers, such as triple negative breast cancer, for which no targeted therapy is available, as these are only treated with traditional chemotherapeutics. Cancer, as well as bacterial, drug resistance can be intrinsic, acquired or adaptive. Adaptive cancer drug resistance is gaining attention as a mechanism for the generation of long-term drug resistance as is the case with bacterial antibiotic resistance. We have used a cellular model of triple negative breast cancer (CAL51) and its drug resistance derivative (CALDOX) to gain insight into genome-wide expression changes associated with long-term doxorubicin (a widely used anthracycline for cancer treatment) resistance and doxorubicin-induced stress. Previous work indicates that both naïve and resistance cells have a functional p53-p21 axis controlling cell cycle at G1, although this is not a driver for drug resistance, but down-regulation of TOP2A (topoisomerase IIα). As expected, CALDOX cells have a signature characterized, in addition to down-regulation of TOP2A, by genes and pathways associated with drug resistance, metastasis and stemness. Both CAL51 and CALDOX stress signatures share 12 common genes (TRIM22, FAS, SPATA18, SULF2, CDKN1A, GDF15, MYO6, CXCL5, CROT, EPPK1, ZMAT3 and CD44), with roles in the above-mentioned pathways, indicating that these cells have similar functional responses to doxorubicin relaying on the p53 control of apoptosis. Eight genes are shared by both drug stress signatures (in CAL51 and CALDOX cells) and CALDOX resistant cells (FAS, SULF2, CDKN1A, CXCL5, CD44, SPATA18, TRIM22 and CROT), many of them targets of p53. This corroborates experimental data indicating that CALDOX cells, even in the absence of drug, have activated, at least partially, the p53-p21 axis and DNA damage response. Although this eight-gene signature might be an indicator of adaptive resistance, as this transient phenomenon due to short-term stress may not revert to its original state upon withdrawal of the stressor, previous experimental data indicates that the p53-p21 axis is not responsible for doxorubicin resistance. Importantly, TOP2A is not responsive to doxorubicin treatment and thus absent in both drug stress signatures. This indicates that during the generation of doxorubicin resistance, cells acquire genetic changes likely to be random, leading to down regulation of TOP2A, but selected during the generation of cells due to the presence of drug in the culture medium. This poses a considerable constraint for the development of strategies aimed at avoiding the emergence of drug resistance in the clinic.


Assuntos
Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas , Humanos , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/genética , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/metabolismo , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/genética , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Doxorrubicina/farmacologia , Doxorrubicina/uso terapêutico , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/genética
6.
Cytokine ; 161: 156081, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36327541

RESUMO

The tumor microenvironment consists of tumor cells, extracellular matrix, blood vessels, and non-tumor cells such as fibroblasts and immune cells. Crosstalk among components of this cellular ecosystem can transform non-malignant cells and promote tumor invasion and metastasis. Evidence is accumulating that the transcription factor STAT2, a downstream effector of type I interferon (IFN-I) signaling, can either inhibit or promote tumorigenesis depending on the unique environment presented by each type of cancer. STAT2 has long been associated with the canonical JAK/STAT pathway involved in various biological processes including reshaping of the tumor microenvironment and in antitumor immunity. This dichotomous tendency of STAT2 to both inhibit and worsen tumor formation makes the protein a curious, and yet relatively ill-defined player in many cancer pathways involving IFN-I. In this review, we discuss the role of STAT2 in contributing to either a tumorigenic or anti-tumorigenic microenvironment as well as chemoresistance.


Assuntos
Interferon Tipo I , Janus Quinases , Fator de Transcrição STAT2/metabolismo , Janus Quinases/metabolismo , Microambiente Tumoral , Ecossistema , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Transdução de Sinais , Fatores de Transcrição STAT/metabolismo , Interferon Tipo I/metabolismo , Fator de Transcrição STAT1/metabolismo
7.
Mol Cancer ; 21(1): 37, 2022 02 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35130920

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The overall response of cisplatin-based chemotherapy in bladder urothelial carcinoma (BUC) remains unsatisfactory due to the complex pathological subtypes, genomic difference, and drug resistance. The genes that associated with cisplatin resistance remain unclear. Herein, we aimed to identify the cisplatin resistance associated genes in BUC. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: The cytotoxicity of cisplatin was evaluated in six bladder cancer cell lines to compare their responses to cisplatin. The T24 cancer cells exhibited the lowest sensitivity to cisplatin and was therefore selected to explore the mechanisms of drug resistance. We performed genome-wide CRISPR screening in T24 cancer cells in vitro, and identified that the gene heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein U (HNRNPU) was the top candidate gene related to cisplatin resistance. Epigenetic and transcriptional profiles of HNRNPU-depleted cells after cisplatin treatment were analyzed to investigate the relationship between HNRNPU and cisplatin resistance. In vivo experiments were also performed to demonstrate the function of HNRNPU depletion in cisplatin sensitivity. RESULTS: Significant correlation was found between HNRNPU expression level and sensitivity to cisplatin in bladder cancer cell lines. In the high HNRNPU expressing T24 cancer cells, knockout of HNRNPU inhibited cell proliferation, invasion, and migration. In addition, loss of HNRNPU promoted apoptosis and S-phase arrest in the T24 cells treated with cisplatin. Data from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) demonstrated that HNRNPU expression was significantly higher in tumor tissues than in normal tissues. High HNRNPU level was negatively correlated with patient survival. Transcriptomic profiling analysis showed that knockout of HNRNPU enhanced cisplatin sensitivity by regulating DNA damage repair genes. Furthermore, it was found that HNRNPU regulates chemosensitivity by affecting the expression of neurofibromin 1 (NF1). CONCLUSIONS: Our study demonstrated that HNRNPU expression is associated with cisplatin sensitivity in bladder urothelial carcinoma cells. Inhibition of HNRNPU could be a potential therapy for cisplatin-resistant bladder cancer.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Carcinoma de Células de Transição , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Apoptose , Carcinoma de Células de Transição/tratamento farmacológico , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Cisplatino/farmacologia , Cisplatino/uso terapêutico , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/genética , Ribonucleoproteínas Nucleares Heterogêneas Grupo U , Humanos , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/genética , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/patologia
8.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 18584, 2022 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36329151

RESUMO

P-glycoprotein (Pgp) is the most studied ATP-binding cassette (ABC) efflux transporter and contributes to chemoresistance. A few tracers have been developed to detect the in-vivo status of chemoresistance using positron emission tomography (PET) imaging. In our study, we have synthesized labeled AVT-011 with fluorine-18 (18F) followed by in-vitro and in-vivo analysis. Tosylate AVT-011 precursor was synthesized and characterized by 1H-NMR and 13C-NMR. AVT-011 was labeled with 18F using the nucleophilic substitution method, and a standard set of quality control was performed. The specificity for Pgp was tested in U87MG cells with and without an inhibitor (tariquidar). The biodistribution and in-vivo stability were tested in the small animals (mice). The biodistribution data of [18F]-AVT-011 was extracted from the PET-CT imaging of breast cancer patients (n = 6). The precursor was synthesized with 36 ± 4% yield and 97 ± 2% purity. The labeling was more than 95% with a 42 ± 2% yield, as evaluated by Radio-HPLC. The cell-binding assay showed a specificity of the tracer for Pgp as the uptake increased by twice after blocking the Pgp receptors. The radiotracer showed a hepatorenal excretion pathway for clearance in an animal study. The uptake was higher in the liver, lungs, spleen, and heart at 15 min and decreased at 60 min. The patients' distribution showed similar uptake patterns as observed in the small animals. [18F]AVT-011 was characterized successfully with high radiochemical purity and yield. The in-vitro and in-vivo studies proved its specificity for Pgp and safe for patient use.


Assuntos
Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons combinada à Tomografia Computadorizada , Animais , Camundongos , Distribuição Tecidual , Radioisótopos de Flúor/química , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons/métodos , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos , Membro 1 da Subfamília B de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/metabolismo , Transportadores de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/metabolismo
9.
Bull Exp Biol Med ; 173(6): 760-764, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36322312

RESUMO

We studied the effect of quercetin on ovarian adenocarcinoma SKOV-3 cell line and isogenic subline SKOV-3/CDDP resistant to the anticancer drug cisplatin. It was found that in resistant cells, quercetin in a concentration of 100 µM that causes a decrease in the cell viability suppressed the expression of genes encoding the key antioxidant enzymes (SOD2, CAT, GPX1, and HO-1), transcription factor Nrf2, and kinases of the PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway. In parental cells, quercetin, on the contrary, increased the expression of these genes. The results confirm the redox-dependent regulation induced by quercetin and its opposite nature in cisplatin-sensitive and cisplatin-resistant cancer cells.


Assuntos
Cisplatino , Neoplasias Ovarianas , Humanos , Feminino , Cisplatino/farmacologia , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/genética , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Quercetina/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Apoptose , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/genética , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Neoplasias Ovarianas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Ovarianas/genética
10.
Cancer Biol Ther ; 23(1): 1-10, 2022 Dec 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36332175

RESUMO

Prolylcarboxypeptidase (PRCP) is a lysosomal serine protease that cleaves peptide substrates when the penultimate amino acid is proline. Previous studies have linked PRCP to blood-pressure and appetite control through its ability to cleave peptide substrates such as angiotensin II and α-MSH. A potential role for PRCP in cancer has to date not been widely appreciated. Endocrine therapy resistance in breast cancer is an enduring clinical problem mediated in part by aberrant receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) signaling. We previously found PRCP overexpression promoted 4-hydroxytamoxifen (4-OHT) resistance in estrogen receptor-positive (ER+) breast cancer cells. Currently, we tested the potential association between PRCP with breast cancer patient outcome and RTK signaling, and tumor responsiveness to endocrine therapy. We found high PRCP protein levels in ER+ breast tumors associates with worse outcome and earlier recurrence in breast cancer patients, including patients treated with TAM. We found a PRCP specific inhibitor (PRCPi) enhanced the response of ER+ PDX tumors and MCF7 tumors to endoxifen, an active metabolite of TAM in mice. We found PRCP increased IGF1R/HER3 signaling and AKT activation in ER+ breast cancer cells that was blocked by PRCPi. Thus, PRCP is an adverse prognostic marker in breast cancer and a potential target to improve endocrine therapy in ER+ breast cancers.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Receptores de Estrogênio , Animais , Camundongos , Carboxipeptidases/metabolismo , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Receptor alfa de Estrogênio/genética , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Receptores de Estrogênio/metabolismo , Tamoxifeno/farmacologia , Tamoxifeno/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo
11.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 7160, 2022 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36418319

RESUMO

Aromatase inhibition is an efficient endocrine therapy to block ectopic estrogen production for postmenopausal estrogen receptor (ER)-positive breast cancer patients, but many develop resistance. Here, we show that aromatase inhibitor (AI)-resistant breast tumors display features of enhanced aerobic glycolysis with upregulation of long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) DIO3OS, which correlates with poor prognosis of breast cancer patients on AI therapies. Long-term estrogen deprivation induces DIO3OS expression in ER-positive breast tumor cells, which further enhances aerobic glycolysis and promotes estrogen-independent cell proliferation in vitro and in vivo. Mechanistically, DIO3OS interacts with polypyrimidine tract binding protein 1 (PTBP1) and stabilizes the mRNA of lactate dehydrogenase A (LDHA) by protecting the integrity of its 3'UTR, and subsequently upregulates LDHA expression and activates glycolytic metabolism in AI-resistant breast cancer cells. Our findings highlight the role of lncRNA in regulating the key enzyme of glycolytic metabolism in response to endocrine therapies and the potential of targeting DIO3OS to reverse AI resistance in ER-positive breast cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , RNA Longo não Codificante , Humanos , Feminino , Inibidores da Aromatase/farmacologia , Inibidores da Aromatase/uso terapêutico , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/genética , Glicólise/genética , Estrogênios/farmacologia , Ribonucleoproteínas Nucleares Heterogêneas/metabolismo , Proteína de Ligação a Regiões Ricas em Polipirimidinas/metabolismo
12.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 14(46): 51798-51807, 2022 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36367515

RESUMO

Chemoresistance of cancer cells is conventionally quantified by half-maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) or multidrug resistance gene 1 (MDR1) values, but these metrics can only reflect the overall drug resistance level of a cancer cell line. Meanwhile, the multidimensional evaluation of both the heterogeneity in a cell line and the drug resistance degree of each cell still presents a daunting challenge. We report here that the cellular heterogeneity, cellular cross contamination, and the proportion of chemoresistant cancer cells can be visualized via flow cytometry through the differential cellular retention of fluorescent ZIF-8 nanoparticles. In addition, we show that the degree of drug resistance exhibited by each cell subpopulation can be quantified by differing fluorescence of the drug-resistant and drug-sensitive cells in the corresponding flow cytometry profile, and the quantified metric S is highly consistent with the MDR1 expression results. Importantly, this novel strategy is applicable to various cancer cell lines, thus demonstrating a universal diagnosis platform for multidimensional, quantitative, and highly efficient diagnosis of cancer chemoresistance.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Nanopartículas , Neoplasias , Humanos , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Linhagem Celular Tumoral
13.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 156: 113942, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36411628

RESUMO

Different EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) have been developed for the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients harboring sensitizing mutations in the EGFR gene. Apart from acquired secondary mutations, multiple resistance mechanisms have been reported, such as the overexpression of fatty acid synthase (FASN), a multi-functional enzyme essential for the de novo lipogenesis, or the increase of cancer stem cells, a small subpopulation within the tumor responsible for relapse, metastasis, and resistance to therapies. Hence, the purpose of this work is to evaluate the novel FASN inhibitor AZ12756122, both alone and in combination with gefitinib and osimertinib, in EGFR-mutated (EGFRm) lung adenocarcinoma cell models sensitive and resistant to EGFR-TKIs. The molecular effect of AZ12756122 (alone and in combination with EGFR-TKI) on FASN, EGFR/STAT3, Akt/mTOR, and MAPK signaling pathways was analyzed using RT-qPCR and Western blot. FASN expression was also evaluated in samples from patients with EGFRm NSCLC through immunohistochemistry. Our findings revealed that AZ12756122 caused cytotoxic effects inducing apoptosis, downregulated FASN expression and activity, decreased the activation of EGFR and Akt/mTOR pathway, and reduced cancer stem-like cells. Furthermore, the combination of AZ12756122 and osimertinib sensitized cells to EGFR-TKI, showing a synergistic effect that resulted in a reduction in the activation of EGFR, Akt/mTOR, and MAPK signaling pathways. Our study also showed that FASN+ EGFRm NSCLC patients exhibited a longer mPFS in patients who responded to EGFR-TKI treatment. In conclusion, FASN inhibition should be further studied for the treatment, alone or in combination with EGFR-TKIs, for EGFRm NSCLC patients.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Humanos , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Receptores ErbB/genética , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Ácido Graxo Sintases , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/metabolismo
14.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 156: 113959, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36411663

RESUMO

Epidermal growth factor receptor-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs) bring significant benefits to non-small cell lung cancer patients with EGFR mutations, which represent a breakthrough in lung cancer therapy. However, patients will ultimately develop the acquired resistance to the first- or second-generation EGFR-TKIs after a period of treatment, and EGFR T790M mutation is the most common resistant mechanism. The third-generation EGFR-TKIs target T790M mutation and show potent anti-tumor efficacy, especially in central neural system response. Unfortunately, patients inevitably get resistant to the third-generation EGFR-TKIs due to various mechanisms, which can be mainly divided into EGFR-dependent and -independent ones. EGFR-dependent mechanism refers to manifold EGFR mutations while EGFR-independent mechanisms include bypass signal activation, histologic transformation and so on. To precisely address this issue and improve clinical outcomes, various other therapies (e.g. chemotherapy, radiotherapy, etc.) in combination with the third-generation EGFR-TKIs are designed. However, the current results of combination therapies are insufficient and ambiguous, which remain further exploration. Herein, we provide an updated landscape of the third-generation EGFR-TKIs and elaborate on the complex resistant mechanisms. Notably, we summarize the combination therapies with third-generation EGFR-TKIs and discuss their limitations and future perspective, aiming at providing insights to clinicians from bench to bedside.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Humanos , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Receptores ErbB/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/genética , Mutação , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico
15.
Curr Oncol ; 29(11): 8529-8539, 2022 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36354732

RESUMO

The prognosis of patients with multiple myeloma (MM) has improved dramatically with the introduction of new therapeutic drugs, but the disease eventually becomes drug-resistant, following an intractable and incurable course. A myeloma niche (MM niche) develops in the bone marrow microenvironment and plays an important role in the drug resistance mechanism of MM. In particular, adhesion between MM cells and bone marrow stromal cells mediated by adhesion molecules induces cell adhesion-mediated drug resistance (CAM-DR). Analyses of the role of mitochondria in cancer cells, including MM cells, has revealed that the mechanism leading to drug resistance involves exchange of mitochondria between cells (mitochondrial transfer) via tunneling nanotubes (TNTs) within the MM niche. Here, we describe the discovery of these drug resistance mechanisms and the identification of promising therapeutic agents primarily targeting CAM-DR, mitochondrial transfer, and TNTs.


Assuntos
Mieloma Múltiplo , Humanos , Mieloma Múltiplo/tratamento farmacológico , Adesão Celular , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Microambiente Tumoral
16.
Biomolecules ; 12(11)2022 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36358919

RESUMO

Autophagy is a critical cellular adaptive response in tumor formation. Nutritional deficiency and hypoxia exacerbate autophagic flux in established malignancies, promoting tumor cell proliferation, migration, metastasis, and resistance to therapeutic interventions. Pro-survival autophagy inhibition may be a promising treatment option for advanced cancer. Furthermore, excessive or persistent autophagy is cytotoxic, resulting in tumor cell death. Targeted autophagy activation has also shown significant promise in the fight against tumor drug resistance. Several research groups have examined the ability of natural products (NPs) such as alkaloids, terpenoids, polyphenols, and anthraquinones to serve as autophagy inhibitors or activators. The data support the capacity of NPs that promote lethal autophagy or inhibit pro-survival autophagy from being employed against tumor drug resistance. This paper discusses the potential applications of NPs that regulate autophagy in the fight against tumor drug resistance, some limitations of the current studies, and future research needs and priorities.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Produtos Biológicos , Neoplasias , Humanos , Produtos Biológicos/farmacologia , Produtos Biológicos/uso terapêutico , Autofagia , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral
17.
Biomolecules ; 12(11)2022 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36358997

RESUMO

Multiple myeloma (MM) is a clonal plasma cell tumor originating from a post-mitotic lymphoid B-cell lineage. Bortezomib(BTZ), a first-generation protease inhibitor, has increased overall survival, progression-free survival, and remission rates in patients with MM since its clinical approval in 2003. However, the use of BTZ is challenged by the malignant features of MM and drug resistance. Polyphenols, classified into flavonoid and non-flavonoid polyphenols, have potential health-promoting activities, including anti-cancer. Previous preclinical studies have demonstrated the anti-MM potential of some dietary polyphenols. Therefore, these dietary polyphenols have the potential to be alternative therapies in anti-MM treatment regimens. This systematic review examines the synergistic effects of flavonoids and non-flavonoid polyphenols on the anti-MM impacts of BTZ. Preclinical studies on flavonoids and non-flavonoid polyphenols-BTZ synergism in MM were collected from PubMed, Web of Science, and Embase published between 2008 and 2020. 19 valid preclinical studies (Published from 2008 to 2020) were included in this systematic review. These studies demonstrated that eight flavonoids (icariin, icariside II, (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate, scutellarein, wogonin, morin, formononetin, daidzin), one plant extract rich in flavonoids (Punica granatum juice) and four non-flavonoid polyphenols (silibinin, resveratrol, curcumin, caffeic acid) synergistically enhanced the anti-MM effect of BTZ. These synergistic effects are mediated through the regulation of cellular signaling pathways associated with proliferation, apoptosis, and drug resistance. Given the above, flavonoids and non-flavonoid polyphenols can benefit MM patients by overcoming the challenges faced in BTZ treatment. Despite the positive nature of this preclinical evidence, some additional investigations are still needed before proceeding with clinical studies. For this purpose, we conclude by providing some suggestions for future research directions.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Mieloma Múltiplo , Humanos , Bortezomib/farmacologia , Mieloma Múltiplo/tratamento farmacológico , Mieloma Múltiplo/patologia , Polifenóis/farmacologia , Polifenóis/uso terapêutico , Apoptose , Terapia de Alvo Molecular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos
18.
Genes (Basel) ; 13(11)2022 10 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36360213

RESUMO

The altered activity of drug metabolism enzymes (DMEs) is a hallmark of chemotherapy resistance. Cytochrome P450s (CYPs), mainly CYP3A4, and several oxidoreductases are responsible for Phase I metabolism of doxorubicin (DOX), an anthracycline widely used in breast cancer (BC) treatment. This study aimed to investigate the role of Phase I DMEs involved in the first stages of acquisition of DOX-resistance in BC cells. For this purpose, the expression of 92 DME genes and specific CYP-complex enzymes activities were assessed in either sensitive (MCF-7 parental cells; MCF-7/DOXS) or DOX-resistant (MCF-7/DOXR) cells. The DMEs genes detected to be significantly differentially expressed in MCF-7/DOXR cells (12 CYPs and eight oxidoreductases) were indicated previously to be involved in tumor progression and/or chemotherapy response. The analysis of CYP-mediated activities suggests a putative enhanced CYP3A4-dependent metabolism in MCF-7/DOXR cells. A discrepancy was observed between CYP-enzyme activities and their corresponding levels of mRNA transcripts. This is indicative that the phenotype of DMEs is not linearly correlated with transcription induction responses, confirming the multifactorial complexity of this mechanism. Our results pinpoint the potential role of specific CYPs and oxidoreductases involved in the metabolism of drugs, retinoic and arachidonic acids, in the mechanisms of chemo-resistance to DOX and carcinogenesis of BC.


Assuntos
Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Neoplasias , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/genética , Citocromo P-450 CYP3A/genética , Doxorrubicina/farmacologia , Antibióticos Antineoplásicos/farmacologia
19.
Cell Mol Biol Lett ; 27(1): 100, 2022 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36401206

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Metformin is an inhibitor of oxidative phosphorylation that displays an array of anticancer activities. The interference of metformin with the activity of multi-drug resistance systems in cancer cells has been reported. However, the consequences of the acquired chemoresistance for the adaptative responses of cancer cells to metformin-induced stress and for their phenotypic evolution remain unaddressed. METHODS: Using a range of phenotypic and metabolic assays, we assessed the sensitivity of human prostate cancer PC-3 and DU145 cells, and their drug-resistant lineages (PC-3_DCX20 and DU145_DCX20), to combined docetaxel/metformin stress. Their adaptation responses have been assessed, in particular the shifts in their metabolic profile and invasiveness. RESULTS: Metformin increased the sensitivity of PC-3 wild-type (WT) cells to docetaxel, as illustrated by the attenuation of their motility, proliferation, and viability after the combined drug application. These effects correlated with the accumulation of energy carriers (NAD(P)H and ATP) and with the inactivation of ABC drug transporters in docetaxel/metformin-treated PC-3 WT cells. Both PC-3 WT and PC-3_DCX20 reacted to metformin with the Warburg effect; however, PC-3_DCX20 cells were considerably less susceptible to the cytostatic/misbalancing effects of metformin. Concomitantly, an epithelial-mesenchymal transition and Cx43 upregulation was seen in these cells, but not in other more docetaxel/metformin-sensitive DU145_DCX20 populations. Stronger cytostatic effects of the combined fenofibrate/docetaxel treatment confirmed that the fine-tuning of the balance between energy supply and expenditure determines cellular welfare under metabolic stress. CONCLUSIONS: Collectively, our data identify the mechanisms that underlie the limited potential of metformin for the chemotherapy of drug-resistant tumors. Metformin can enhance the sensitivity of cancer cells to chemotherapy by inducing their metabolic decoupling/imbalance. However, the acquired chemoresistance of cancer cells impairs this effect, facilitates cellular adaptation to metabolic stress, and prompts the invasive front formation.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Citostáticos , Metformina , Neoplasias da Próstata , Humanos , Masculino , Docetaxel/farmacologia , Docetaxel/uso terapêutico , Taxoides/farmacologia , Taxoides/uso terapêutico , Citostáticos/farmacologia , Citostáticos/uso terapêutico , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Neoplasias da Próstata/metabolismo , Metformina/farmacologia , Metformina/uso terapêutico , Estresse Fisiológico
20.
Cell Rep Med ; 3(11): 100802, 2022 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36334593

RESUMO

Neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (nCRT) improves outcomes in resectable esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC), but acquired resistance precludes long-term efficacy. Here, we delineate these resistance mechanisms. RNA sequencing on matched patient samples obtained pre-and post-neoadjuvant treatment reveal that oxidative phosphorylation was the most upregulated of all biological programs following nCRT. Analysis of patient-derived models confirms that mitochondrial content and oxygen consumption strongly increase in response to nCRT and that ionizing radiation is the causative agent. Bioinformatics identifies estrogen-related receptor alpha (ESRRA) as the transcription factor responsible for reprogramming, and overexpression and silencing of ESRRA functionally confirm that its downstream metabolic rewiring contributes to resistance. Pharmacological inhibition of ESRRA successfully sensitizes EAC organoids and patient-derived xenografts to radiation. In conclusion, we report a profound metabolic rewiring following chemoradiation and demonstrate that its inhibition resensitizes EAC cells to radiation. These findings hold broader relevance for other cancer types treated with radiation as well.


Assuntos
Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Neoplasias Esofágicas , Terapia Neoadjuvante , Biogênese de Organelas , Receptores de Estrogênio , Humanos , Neoplasias Esofágicas/terapia , Mitocôndrias , Receptores de Estrogênio/metabolismo , Animais
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