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1.
Recurso na Internet em Português | LIS - Localizador de Informação em Saúde, LIS-bvsms | ID: lis-46580

RESUMO

Vírus comum na região Norte provoca febre e dores nas articulações, provocando confusão na tentativa de diagnóstico clínico.


Assuntos
Infecções por Togaviridae , Infecções por Alphavirus , Vírus Chikungunya , Infecções por Arbovirus , Água Estagnada , Repelentes de Insetos
2.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 32(9): 865-868, set. 2012. ilus, graf, tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-654366

RESUMO

Foi realizado um levantamento dos casos de pitiose equina recebidos no Laboratório Regional de Diagnóstico da Faculdade de Veterinária da Universidade Federal de Pelotas, no período de janeiro de 1979 a julho de 2011, com o objetivo de determinar as condições epidemiológicas em que a doença ocorre na região sul do Rio Grande do Sul. Nesse período foram recebidos 1888 materiais de equinos, dos quais, 435 eram provenientes do sistema tegumentar e 63 (14,5%) corresponderam à pitiose. Os animais afetados eram de ambos os sexos com idades variando entre oito meses e 22 anos. A raça mais frequentemente afetada foi a Crioula. A maioria dos casos de pitiose foi encaminhada ao laboratório entre março e junho. A evolução das lesões de pitiose variou de duas semanas até um ano. Os municípios com maior número de casos de pitiose foram Pelotas (22/63) Santa Vitória do Palmar (15/63) e Rio Grande (8/63). Foi observado que na maioria dos casos, no mês provável de infecção a temperatura máxima foi superior ou próxima a 30°C em pelo menos um dia. A observação de casos em épocas mais frias do ano pode ser devido ao fato da temperatura de águas estagnadas ser mais elevada que a temperatura ambiental o que permite o desenvolvimento das estruturas infectantes de Pythium insidiosum.


A survey of cases of equine pythiosis received by the Laboratório Regional de Diagnóstico, Faculdade de Veterinária, Universidade Federal de Pelotas, from January 1979 to July 2011, was made to determine the epidemiological conditions in which the disease occurs in southern Rio Grande do Sul. Samples from 1888 horses were received; 435 samples were from the integumentary system, of which 63 (14.5%) corresponded to pythiosis. The affected animals were of both sexes and their age ranged from 8 months to 22 years. Crioulo was the most prevalent breed. Most cases of pythiosis were sent to the laboratory between March and June. The evolution of the lesions due to pythiosis ranged from 2 weeks to 1 year. The municipalities with the greatest number of cases were Pelotas (22/63), Santa Vitória do Palmar (15/63) and Rio Grande (8/63). With respect to the climatic data, in most cases the maximum temperature in the probable month of infection was above or close to 30°C during at least one day. The observation of cases in the colder seasons of the year could be due to the stagnant water temperature higher than the temperature of the air, which allows the development of infective structures of Pythium insidiosum.


Assuntos
Animais , Água Estagnada/efeitos adversos , Cavalos/metabolismo , Epidemiologia , Pitiose/veterinária , Abdome/patologia , Biópsia/veterinária , Extremidade Inferior/patologia
3.
Gac. sanit. (Barc., Ed. impr.) ; 24(6): 498-500, nov.-dic. 2010. ilus, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-97552

RESUMO

Ante tres casos de legionelosis asociados a un establecimiento balneario se inició la investigación para confirmar la fuente de infección, determinar el riesgo y controlarlo. Entre el 26 de noviembre de 2008 y el 16 de septiembre de 2009 se realizaron seis inspecciones, con toma de temperaturas y muestras de agua para el aislamiento de Legionella pneumophila en todos los puntos de la red de agua caliente sanitaria y en las piscinas climatizadas. Se confirmó la presencia de L. pneumophila del serogrupo 1 con el mismo patrón molecular que la cepa clínica en el circuito de agua caliente sanitaria (de bajo riesgo de proliferación). La tasa de ataque bruta fue del 0,34% (intervalo de confianza del 95%: 0,09–0,94). Solo se obtuvieron muestras de agua sin presencia de L. pneumophila tras realizar cambios estructurales. Las temperaturas del agua entre 25 y 30°C, el estancamiento del agua y la exposición a primera hora de la mañana serían factores participantes en la agrupación de casos (AU)


After three cases of legionellosis associated with a spa were identified, an investigation was conducted to confirm the source of infection, determine the risk factors, and establish control measures. Between November 26, 2008 and September 16, 2009, six inspections were carried out, samples were collected for Legionella pneumophila isolation, and water temperature was determined at all the sampling points of the hot water system and at the spa pools. The presence of L. pneumophila serogroup 1 with the same molecular pattern as that found in the clinical isolate was confirmed in the hot water system (with a low proliferation risk according to legislation). The crude attack rate was 0.34% (95% CI: 0.09–0.94). Samples without L. pneumophila were obtained only after structural changes were carried out. Possible factors participating in the cluster were water temperatures between 25°C and 30°C, stagnant water and early morning exposure (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Legionelose/epidemiologia , Legionella pneumophila/isolamento & purificação , Água Estagnada/análise , Piscinas , 24961 , Surtos de Doenças/prevenção & controle
4.
West Indian veterinary journal ; 7(2): 48-59, Dec. 2007. tab
Artigo em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: med-17361

RESUMO

Ornamental fish farming forms an important part of the local aquaculture industry in Trinidad and Tobago, and the number of farms has been increasing annually. This study was designed to ascertain the prevalence of bacterial pathogens from fish and pond water, and determine the resistance of the bacteria to commonly used antimicrobial agents. A total of 1204 bacterial isolates were recovered: from 575 fish slurry and 111 water samples from 17 aquaculture farms. Isolates from fish were identified as belonging to 19, and those from water samples were grouped in 18 genera. The predominant genera isolated were (in descending order) Aeromonas spp., Pseudomonas spp., Plesiomonas spp., Chromobacterium spp., Enterobacter spp. and Serratia spp. Screening against 8 antimicrobial agents showed that 95.1 percent (774 of 814) of isolates from fish slurry, and 98.4 percent (254 to 258) of isolates from pond water were resistant to one or more antimicrobial agents ( P> 0.05, X2). The highest resistance (55-94 percent) were to ampicillin, oxytetracycline and erythromycin, but relatively lower resistance (4-14 percent) occurred to gentamycin and norfloxacin (P< 0.05; X2). It was concluded that the high prevalence of bacterial pathogens in ornamental fish coupled with their high levels of resistance to antimicrobial agents may pose therapeutic problems as well as health risks to farmers, workers and fish hobbyists


Assuntos
Peixes , Doenças dos Peixes/diagnóstico , Doenças dos Peixes/tratamento farmacológico , Resistência a Medicamentos/efeitos dos fármacos , Resistência a Ampicilina , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana/efeitos dos fármacos , Água Estagnada , Infecções Bacterianas/diagnóstico , Infecções Bacterianas/tratamento farmacológico , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana/imunologia , Trinidad e Tobago
5.
In. Almeida - Teixeira, M. E; Fantechi, R; Oliveira, R; Gomes Coelho, A. Environment and quality of life : Natural hazards and engineering geology prevention and control of landslides and other mass movements : Proceedings. Brussels, Commission of the European Communities, 1991. p.257-65, ilus, mapas. (Environment and Quality of Life).
Monografia em En | Desastres | ID: des-5758

RESUMO

Soil fractures and sand water's shaking off observed during the seismic activity of the october 16th, 1988 at the Bouka vartholomio region (W. Peloponnesus, Greece), are described. They are quite impressive and relatively rare phaenomena due to the earthquake movements occured and the special geological conditions of the area (AU)


Assuntos
Terremotos , Geologia , Água Estagnada , Grécia
6.
Bridgetown; Barbados. Ministry of Health; [1964?]. 7 p. tab.
Não convencional em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: biblio-906752

RESUMO

This report is an extract of a 1964 Ministry of Health Medical Services annual report from Barbados, West Indies and consists of Part I to Part VI of the original report. The latter part of Part VI provides a summary of the work done by members of the Inspectorate and other allied units of the Department of Medical Services during the period January 1 to December 31. Three aspects of the work summary appearing here are: (i) Aedes Aegypti Eradication Programme; (ii) Quarantine and Port Sanitation; and (iii) Rodent Control. The Aedes Aegypti Eradication Programme was reported as taking precedence over other work carried out by the Department. It was observed however, that despite the work carried out, the general attitude of the public showed apathy and lack of interest in the efforts to eradicate the Aedes Aegypti mosquito.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Atenção à Saúde , Controle de Mosquitos , Aedes , Barbados , Incidência , Programas Nacionais de Saúde/organização & administração , Água Estagnada
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