Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 11.873
Filtrar
1.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 26: e20210178, 2022. graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1339878

RESUMO

Resumo Objetivo conhecer as percepções e perspectivas dos profissionais da saúde para o desenvolvimento da Prevenção Quaternária na Atenção Primária à Saúde. Método Pesquisa Apreciativa, que aplicou as fases do "ciclo 4-D", na língua inglesa: discovery, dream, design e destiny. Este artigo analisa os resultados referentes à fase discovery (descoberta), de cujos dois encontros correspondentes participaram nove profissionais da Atenção Primária. Realizou-se análise de conteúdo, seguindo as etapas de pré-análise, exploração do material e tratamento dos dados. Resultados a Prevenção Quaternária representa uma potencialidade na inovação da atenção, com possibilidade de reduzir a medicalização social, que ocorre mediante a sobremedicalização, sobrediagnósticos e sobretratamentos. Como perspectivas, é apresentada a necessidade de conscientização da sociedade e dos profissionais sobre esses excessos e de (re) posicionamento da indústria, do mercado e da mídia sobre o significado de "estar saudável". Conclusão e implicações para prática é necessário atentar para a ética na prestação de cuidados quanto ao rastreio, diagnóstico e tratamento de doenças. A Prevenção Quaternária tem potencial para reverter um modelo hegemônico em relação ao cuidado de indivíduos e famílias ao fomentar a integralidade. A Enfermagem, como prestadora do cuidado, junto com a equipe multiprofissional, deve incorporar ações de Prevenção Quaternária em suas práticas.


Resumen Objetivo conocer las percepciones y perspectivas de los profesionales de la salud para el desarrollo de la Prevención Cuaternaria en Atención Primaria de Salud. Método Investigación Apreciativa, que aplicó las fases del "ciclo 4-D", en inglés: discovery, dream, design y destiny Este artículo analiza los resultados de la fase discovery (descubrimiento), en cuyos dos encuentros correspondientes participaron nueve profesionales de Atención Primaria. Se realizó análisis de contenido, siguiendo los pasos de pre-análisis, exploración de material y procesamiento de datos. Resultados la Prevención Cuaternaria representa un potencial en la innovación asistencial, con posibilidad de reducir la medicalización social, que se produce por sobremedicalización, sobrediagnóstico y sobretratamiento. Como perspectivas, se presenta la necesidad de concienciar a la sociedad y los profesionales sobre estos excesos y de (re) posicionar a la industria, el mercado y los medios de comunicación sobre el significado de "estar sano". Conclusión e implicaciones para la práctica es necesario prestar atención a la ética en la prestación de cuidados en cuanto al cribado, diagnóstico y tratamiento de enfermedades. La Prevención Cuaternaria tiene el potencial de revertir un modelo hegemónico en relación al cuidado de las personas y familias al promover la integralidad. La Enfermería, como proveedora de cuidados, junto con el equipo multidisciplinario, deben incorporar las acciones de Prevención Cuaternaria en sus prácticas.


Abstract Objective to know the perceptions and perspectives of health professionals for the development of Quaternary Prevention in Primary Health Care. Method an Appreciative Research, which applied the phases of the "4-D cycle": discovery, dream, design and destiny. This article analyzes the results referring to the discovery phase (discovery), in which nine professionals from Primary Care participated in two corresponding meetings. Content analysis was performed, following the steps of pre-analysis, material exploration and data treatment. Results the Quaternary Prevention represents a potentiality in care innovation, with the possibility of reducing social medicalization, which occurs through over-medicalization, over-diagnosis and overtreatment. As perspectives, it is presented the need for society and professionals to be aware of these excesses and the (re) positioning of the industry, market and media about the meaning of "being healthy". Conclusion and implications for the practice it is necessary to pay attention to ethics in care provision regarding screening, diagnosis and treatment of diseases. Quaternary Prevention has potential to revert a hegemonic model in relation to the care of individuals and families by promoting integrality. Nursing, as a care provider, together with the multi-professional team, must incorporate Quaternary Prevention actions in its practices.


Assuntos
Humanos , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Pessoal de Saúde , Medicalização , Prevenção Quaternária , Terapias Complementares , Marketing de Serviços de Saúde , Educação em Saúde , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Educação Continuada , Gestor de Saúde , Sobremedicalização , Anamnese
2.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 26: e20210070, 2022.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1346054

RESUMO

Resumo Objetivo analisar os estilos e fatores intervenientes na gestão e liderança de enfermeiros em três países, Brasil, Portugal e Espanha, à luz da Burocracia Profissional. Método estudo exploratório e descritivo de abordagem qualitativa realizado em três hospitais universitários localizados em diferentes países: Brasil, Espanha e Portugal. Participaram da pesquisa 30 enfermeiros. Os dados foram coletados por meio de um roteiro de coleta de dados com questões sociodemográficas e entrevistas analisadas com auxílio do software WebQda. Resultados diferentes percepções sobre os elementos integradores da participação foram reveladas nos três países, destacando-se a comunicação em diversas óticas. Verificou-se algumas convergências em relação ao trabalho em equipe, sendo a confiança o elemento que impulsiona e motiva a equipe. Sinaliza-se para uma relação participativa no desenvolvimento do trabalho. Conclusão e implicações para a prática foi possível identificar, nos três países, a importância da comunicação no processo de gestão, bem como dos estilos de gestão e de liderança, como elementos que oportunizam a atuação da equipe. Também foi evidenciada a presença de fatores intervenientes de relevância, tais como escuta, clima organizacional, relação interpessoal, transparência no trabalho e delegação de funções, os quais envolvem a burocracia profissional em que o conhecimento do enfermeiro possibilita o exercício de suas habilidades de forma horizontalizada e participativa.


Resumen Objetivo analizar los estilos y factores implicados en la gestión y el liderazgo de enfermeros en tres países, Brasil, Portugal y España, a la luz de la Burocracia Profesional. Método estudio descriptivo exploratorio con abordaje cualitativo realizado en tres hospitales universitarios ubicados en diferentes países: Brasil, España y Portugal. Treinta enfermeros participaron en la investigación. Los datos fueron recolectados a través de un script de recopilación de datos con preguntas sociodemográficas y entrevistas analizadas con la utilización del software WebQda. Resultados se revelaron diferentes percepciones sobre los elementos integradores de la participación en los tres países, destacando la comunicación desde diferentes perspectivas. Se constataron algunas convergencias en relación al trabajo en equipo, siendo la confianza el elemento que impulsa y motiva al equipo. Se advierte una relación participativa en el desarrollo del trabajo. Conclusión e implicaciones para la práctica se pudo advertir, en los tres países, la importancia de la comunicación en el proceso de gestión, así como los estilos de gestión y liderazgo, como elementos que permiten mejorar el desempeño del equipo. También se evidenciaron factores intervinientes relevantes, como la escucha, el clima organizacional, la relación interpersonal, la transparencia en el trabajo y la delegación de funciones, que conforman la burocracia profesional en la cual el conocimiento de los enfermos les permite el despliegue de sus competencias de manera horizontal y participativa.


Abstract Objective to analyze the styles and factors involved in nurses' management and leadership in three countries, Brazil, Portugal and Spain, in the light of Professional Bureaucracy. Method a descriptive and exploratory study with a qualitative approach carried out in three university hospitals located in different countries, namely: Brazil, Spain and Portugal. Thirty nurses participated in the research. Data was collected through a collection script with sociodemographic questions and interviews analyzed using the WebQda software. Results different perceptions about the integrating elements of participation in the three countries were revealed, highlighting communication from different perspectives. Some convergences in relation to teamwork were verified, where trust was the element that drives and motivates the team. It is a participatory relationship in the development of work. Conclusion and implications for the practice in the three countries, it was possible to identify the importance of communication in the management process, as well as the management and leadership styles, as elements that favor performance of the team. Presence of relevant intervening factors was also evidenced, such as choice, organizational climate, interpersonal relationships, transparency in work and delegation of functions, which involves professional bureaucracy in which the nurses' knowledge allows them to exercise their skills in a horizontal and participatory manner.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Gestão em Saúde , Capacidade de Liderança e Governança , Liderança , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente , Portugal/etnologia , Prática Profissional , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde , Espanha/etnologia , Brasil/etnologia , Autonomia Profissional , Comunicação , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Educação Continuada , Integralidade em Saúde , Relações Interprofissionais
3.
Multimedia | Recursos Multimídia | ID: multimedia-9550

RESUMO

Esta edição do ESPPE Debate, sobre a temática “O trabalho em saúde: contextos, avanços e perspectivas no âmbito da Política de Gestão do Trabalho e Educação na Saúde”. A atividade está dentro da grade de programação das ações do “Ano Internacional dos Trabalhadores de Saúde e Cuidadores”, conforme foi declarado pela Organização Mundial de Saúde (OMS), neste ano de 2021, em reconhecimento a dedicação desses profissionais, durante as ações de enfrentamento à pandemia da Covid-19.


Assuntos
Educação Continuada , Gestão em Saúde , Pessoal de Saúde , Educação Profissional em Saúde Pública
4.
Multimedia | Recursos Multimídia | ID: multimedia-9552

RESUMO

O vídeo fala sobre o desenvolvimento da política de educação permanente em saúde, falando sobre os desafios e as responsabilidades federativas.


Assuntos
Educação Profissional em Saúde Pública , Educação Continuada , Política de Saúde , Sistema Único de Saúde
5.
Enferm. foco (Brasília) ; 12(4): 732-738, dez. 2021. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1353260

RESUMO

Objetivo: avaliar a efetividade da intervenção educativa no processo assistencial intensivo, no nível de conhecimento da equipe de enfermagem acerca do posicionamento prono em pacientes com síndrome do desconforto respiratório agudo. Método: trata-se de um estudo quantitativo do tipo quase experimental, com amostragem de 62 profissionais de setor intensivo. Coletaram-se dados relativos à variável conhecimento dos profissionais durante fase pré e pós-intervenção educativa, durante uma semana, através da aplicação de formulários de múltipla escolha. Para análise dos dados e avaliação da efetividade de intervenção educativa utilizou-se estatística descritiva e testes de Kolmogorov-Smirnova e Shapiro Wilk para prova de normalidade e o teste T de student para comparação das médias obtidas. Resultados: nas fases de pré e pós-intervenção educativa, observou-se que a média de acertos pré-intervenção foi de 6,12 (dp= 2,15), t(61)=11,31 e p=0,000, enquanto na fase pós-intervenção 9,43 (dp= 0,76), t(61)=11,31 e p=0,000. Conclusão: constatou-se efetividade da intervenção educativa no processo assistencial intensivo a cerca do conhecimento dos profissionais de enfermagem sobre o posicionamento prono, visto significativo aumento do escore de acertos obtidos na fase de pós-intervenção. Sendo assim, a educação continuada em setores intensivos, torna-se essencial para fins de aperfeiçoamento dos profissionais. (AU)


Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of educational intervention in the intensive care process, at the level of knowledge of the nursing team about the prone position in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome. Methods: This is a quasi-experimental quantitative study, with a sample of 62 professionals from the intensive sector. Data was collected on the variable knowledge of professionals during the pre- and post-educational intervention phase, for a week, through the application of multiple choice forms. For data analysis and evaluation of the effectiveness of educational intervention, descriptive statistics and Kolmogorov-Smirnova and Shapiro Wilk tests were used to prove normality and the Student T test to compare the averages obtained. Results: When comparing the averages obtained in the pre and post educational intervention phases, it was observed that the average of correct answers before intervention was 6.12, while in the post intervention 9.43. Conclusion: The effectiveness of the educational intervention in the intensive care process was found to be about the knowledge of nursing professionals about the prone position, considering a significant increase in the score of correct answers obtained in the post intervention phase. Thus, continuing education in intensive sectors, becomes essential for the purposes of professional development. (AU)


Objetivo: Evaluar la efectividad de la intervención educativa en el proceso de cuidados intensivos, a nivel de conocimiento del equipo de enfermería sobre la posición prona en pacientes con síndrome de dificultad respiratoria aguda. Métodos: Se trata de un estudio cuantitativo cuasi-experimental, con una muestra de 62 profesionales del sector intensivo. Se recogieron datos sobre la variable conocimiento de los profesionales durante la fase de intervención pre y poseducativa, durante una semana, mediante la aplicación de formularios de opción múltiple. Para el análisis de datos y evaluación de la efectividad de la intervención educativa se utilizó estadística descriptiva y pruebas de Kolmogorov-Smirnova y Shapiro Wilk para comprobar la normalidad y la prueba T de Student para comparar los promedios obtenidos. Resultados: Al comparar los promedios obtenidos en las fases de intervención pre y poseducativa, se observó que el promedio de aciertos antes de la intervención fue de 6,12, mientras que en la intervención pos fue de 9,43. Conclusión: Se encontró que la efectividad de la intervención educativa en el proceso de cuidados intensivos se basa en el conocimiento de los profesionales de enfermería sobre la posición prona, considerando un aumento significativo en la puntuación de aciertos obtenidos en la fase posintervención. Así, la formación continua en sectores intensivos, se vuelve fundamental para los fines del desarrollo profesional. (AU)


Assuntos
Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório do Recém-Nascido , Pronação , Conhecimento , Educação Continuada , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Profissionais de Enfermagem
6.
Investig. psicol. (La Paz, En línea) ; 26: 101-118, dic. 2021. tab.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1348942

RESUMO

La presente investigación tuvo la finalidad de identificar las ventajas de la asistencia técnica en los procesos de formación continua y sus efectos en el desempeño de profesionales de salud que atienden a niños y niñas menores de 3 años en el Control de Crecimiento y Desarrollo (CRED). La investigación evidenció que al incorporar la variable Asistencia Técnica (AT), los programas de formación continua son más eficientes, es decir, cuando se fortalecen capacidades en el campo de la acción profesional. El diseño del estudio fue cuantitativo, según su profundidad es explicativo de tipo cuasiexperimental, orientado a identificar la relación de causalidad o efecto de la asistencia técnica en el desempeño profesional, comparando un grupo experimental y un grupo control. Los resultados generales muestran diferencias significativas, el grupo experimental, alcanzó una media del 51.67, mientras que el grupo control solo llegó a 26.53, aplicando la prueba no paramétrica U Mann Whitney: p≤.01. Si bien la formación continua genera avances en ambos grupos, al incorporar la variable AT se evidencia un salto significativo respecto al grupo control, concluyendo que la asistencia técnica mejora el desempeño del personal de salud que atienden en el Control de CRED, fortaleciendo e incrementando sus capacidades.(AU)


The purpose of this research was to identify the advantages of technical assistance in continuous training processes and its effects on the performance of health professionals who care for children under 3 years of age in the Growth and Development Control (CRED). The research showed that by incorporating the Technical Assistance (TA) variable, continuous training programs are more efficient, that is, when capacities are strengthened in the field of professional action. The study design was quantitative, according to its depth it is explanatory of a quasi-experimental type, aimed at identifying the causal relationship or effect of technical assistance on professional performance, comparing an experimental group and a control group. The general results show significant differences, the experimental group, reaching an average of 51.67, while the control group only reached 26.53, applying the non-parametric Mann Whitney U test: p≤.01. Although continuous training generates progress in both groups, when incorporating the AT variable, a significant jump is evidenced compared to the control group, concluding that technical assistance improves the performance of the health personnel who attend to the CRED Control, strengthening and increasing their capabilities.(AU)


O objetivo desta pesquisa foi identificar as vantagens da assistência técnica nos processos de formação contínua e seus reflexos na atuação dos profissionais de saúde que cuidam de crianças menores de 3 anos no Controle de Crescimento e Desenvolvimento (CRED). A pesquisa mostrou que, ao incorporar a variável Assistência Técnica (AT), os programas de formação contínua são mais eficientes, isto é, quando se fortalecem as capacidades no campo da atuação profissional. O delineamento do estudo foi quantitativo, pois pela sua profundidade é explicativo do tipo quase experimental, visando identificar a relação causal ou efeito da assistência técnica no desempenho profissional, comparando um grupo experimental e um grupo controle. Os resultados gerais mostram diferenças significativas, o grupo experimental, atingindo a média de 51,67, enquanto o grupo controle atingiu apenas 26,53, aplicandose o teste não paramétrico U de Mann Whitney: p≤,01. Embora o treinamento contínuo gere avanços em ambos os grupos, ao incorporar a variável TA, evidenciase um salto significativo em relação ao grupo controle, concluindo que a assistência técnica melhora o desempenho dos profissionais de saúde que atendem ao Controle CRED, fortalecendo e aumentando sua capacidades.


Assuntos
Educação Continuada , Crescimento e Desenvolvimento , Desempenho Profissional
7.
Pan Afr Med J ; 40: 49, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34795829

RESUMO

Introduction: despite the adoption of mental disorders act in 1972, the use of required mental health care act (MHCA) forms during admission of patients with mental illnesses remained below the legal expectation in the Maun District Hospital. This study audited Letsholathebe II Memorial Hospital (LIIMH) professionals´ usage of MHCA forms. Methods: this was a quasi-experimental study that audited files of patients admitted with mental illnesses, before, three and six months after a continuing medical education (CME). Cochran Q, McNemar symmetry Chi-square were used for comparison of performance. Results: of the 239 eligible files, we accessed 235 (98.3%). About two in ten (n=36/235, 15.3%) MHCA forms were not used in combination with required forms. The quasi-majority of MHCA forms set used, aligned with involuntary admission (n=134/137, 97.8%). Required admission MHCA forms significantly increased from nil before continuing medical education (CME-0), to 64.6% (n=51/79) at CME-3 and 77% (n=59/77) at CME-6 (p<0.001). However, there was no statistical difference between the last two periods (64.6% vs 77%, p=0.164). Voluntary admission remained below 13% (n=10/79). Only six types of MHCA forms were used during this study. Conclusion: there was no adequate use of required MHCA forms at LIIMH before CME. Thereafter, the proportion of adequate use increased from period CME-0 to the periods CME-3 and CME-6. However, there was no difference in proportion between the last two periods. We recommend an effective and regular CME twice a year for health professionals on selected MHCA forms.


Assuntos
Educação Continuada/métodos , Transtornos Mentais/terapia , Admissão do Paciente/normas , Atenção Primária à Saúde/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Botsuana , Feminino , Formulários como Assunto , Pessoal de Saúde/educação , Pessoal de Saúde/normas , Hospitais/normas , Humanos , Masculino , Auditoria Médica , Admissão do Paciente/legislação & jurisprudência , Atenção Primária à Saúde/legislação & jurisprudência , Adulto Jovem
8.
BMC Med Educ ; 21(1): 572, 2021 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34772401

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Knowledge deficits with regard to epilepsy have been reported among healthcare professionals. This study was conducted to develop consensus-based aims, contents, intended learning outcomes, teaching, and evaluation methods for a course on epilepsy for postgraduate or continuing education in community health nursing programs. METHODS: A mixed method which combined a thorough search of literature, the nominal group technique, the Delphi technique, and survey of students' agreement was used. The databases MEDLINE/PUBMED, EMBASE, COCHRANE, CInAHL/EBESCO, SCOPUS, Google Scholar, Google Books, and Amazon were searched to identify potential aims, topics/contents, intended learning outcomes, teaching, and evaluation methods. Discussions and deliberations in serial meetings based on the nominal group technique were attended by educators/academicians (n = 12), neurologists (n = 2), practicing nurses (n = 5), pharmacists (n = 2), patients with epilepsy (n = 2), and students in postgraduate and continuing education programs (n = 7) to supplement and refine the data collected from the literature. The qualitative data were analyzed using RQDA tool for R. The Delphi technique was used among educators/academicians (n = 15), neurologists (n = 2), practicing nurses (n = 5), pharmacists (n = 2), patients with epilepsy (n = 3), and students in postgraduate and continuing education programs (n = 8) to achieve formal consensus. RESULTS: Consensus was achieved on 6 aims, 16 intended learning outcomes, and 27 topics in the course. Of the topics, 13 were relevant to nature of epilepsy and seizures, 2 were relevant to the impact of epilepsy and seizures on different life aspects of patients with epilepsy, 4 were relevant to advocating for the patients and supporting their choices, 5 were relevant to educating patients and their caregivers, and 3 were relevant to assessments and services. CONCLUSION: Consensus-based aims, topics/contents, intended learning outcomes, teaching, and evaluation methods of a course on epilepsy for postgraduate or continuing education in community health nursing programs were developed. Consensus-based courses could bridge knowledge gaps and improve educating community health nursing programs on epilepsy. Further studies are needed to determine if such consensus-based courses could promote care of patients with epilepsy.


Assuntos
Enfermagem em Saúde Comunitária , Epilepsia , Consenso , Educação Continuada , Epilepsia/terapia , Humanos , Aprendizagem
9.
Washington D.C; Organización Panamericana de la Salud; 1 ed; Nov. 2021. 28 p. ilus.
Monografia em Espanhol | LIPECS, MINSAPERÚ | ID: biblio-1344729

RESUMO

Un enfoque educativo es un marco conceptual y metodológico que explica, orienta y prevé los procesos y resultados educativos. En este caso, se trata del marco general que sustenta las intervenciones de formación en el campo de la salud pública. En este trabajo se exponen la visión, la misión y los principios sobre los que se estructura el CVSP, el concepto de la educación permanente en el ámbito de la salud, los principios de educación por competencias y las dificultades de la capacitación del equipo de salud en la sociedad de la información, los nuevos aportes al enfoque educativo por el CVSP y las características de sus propuestas en el marco de la cooperación técnica


Assuntos
Visão Ocular , Cooperação Técnica , Sistema Único de Saúde , Saúde Pública , Educação Continuada , Capacitação de Recursos Humanos em Saúde , Tutoria
10.
J Contin Educ Nurs ; 52(10): 454-456, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34609247

RESUMO

Digital storytelling (DST) is a collaborative and participatory art-based approach based on experiential narratives. This column provides strategies and tips for using DST. As part of continuing education, DST training should provide information about health care experiences to enhance learning for nurses. The use of DST can foster self-knowledge and professional identity. [J Contin Educ Nurs. 2021;52(10):454-456.].


Assuntos
Comunicação , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Educação Continuada , Educação Continuada em Enfermagem , Humanos , Aprendizagem , Narração
11.
Health Res Policy Syst ; 19(Suppl 3): 113, 2021 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34641898

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This is the sixth of our 11-paper supplement entitled "Community Health Workers at the Dawn of New Era". Expectations of community health workers (CHWs) have expanded in recent years to encompass a wider array of services to numerous subpopulations, engage communities to collaborate with and to assist health systems in responding to complex and sometimes intensive threats. In this paper, we explore a set of key considerations for training of CHWs in response to their enhanced and changing roles and provide actionable recommendations based on current evidence and case examples for health systems leaders and other stakeholders to utilize. METHODS: We carried out a focused review of relevant literature. This review included particular attention to a 2014 book chapter on training of CHWs for large-scale programmes, a systematic review of reviews about CHWs, the 2018 WHO guideline for CHWs, and a 2020 compendium of 29 national CHW programmes. We summarized the findings of this latter work as they pertain to training. We incorporated the approach to training used by two exemplary national CHW programmes: for health extension workers in Ethiopia and shasthya shebikas in Bangladesh. Finally, we incorporated the extensive personal experiences of all the authors regarding issues in the training of CHWs. RESULTS: The paper explores three key themes: (1) professionalism, (2) quality and performance, and (3) scaling up. Professionalism: CHW tasks are expanding. As more CHWs become professionalized and highly skilled, there will still be a need for neighbourhood-level voluntary CHWs with a limited scope of work. Quality and performance: Training approaches covering relevant content and engaging CHWs with other related cadres are key to setting CHWs up to be well prepared. Strategies that have been recently integrated into training include technological tools and provision of additional knowledge; other strategies emphasize the ongoing value of long-standing approaches such as regular home visitation. Scale-up: Scaling up entails reaching more people and/or adding more complexity and quality to a programme serving a defined population. When CHW programmes expand, many aspects of health systems and the roles of other cadres of workers will need to adapt, due to task shifting and task sharing by CHWs. CONCLUSION: Going forward, if CHW programmes are to reach their full potential, ongoing, up-to-date, professionalized training for CHWs that is integrated with training of other cadres and that is responsive to continued changes and emerging needs will be essential. Professionalized training will require ongoing monitoring and evaluation of the quality of training, continual updating of pre-service training, and ongoing in-service training-not only for the CHWs themselves but also for those with whom CHWs work, including communities, CHW supervisors, and other cadres of health professionals. Strong leadership, adequate funding, and attention to the needs of each cadre of CHWs can make this possible.


Assuntos
Agentes Comunitários de Saúde , Educação Continuada , Etiópia , Humanos , Liderança , Características de Residência
12.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 75(1): e20210135, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34614088

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess stigma and prejudice in the organization of the Psychosocial Care Network for drug users. METHODS: this is a qualitative study, developed through Empowerment Assessment. The survey was conducted in a municipality in Rio Grande do Sul, with 42 network workers. For data collection, participant observation, semi-structured interviews and open forum were used. For data analysis, thematic analysis was used. RESULTS: the network's mission involved a proposal for care without prejudice and judgments for drug users. It was identified that the composition of the network with training in multidisciplinary residency and psychiatry facilitates achieving the mission, and among the difficulties, the challenges to overcome prejudice were analyzed. Strategies for continuing education, seminars, and user empowerment in the community are suggested. FINAL CONSIDERATIONS: stigma and prejudice need to be problematized in the networks for the organization of more inclusive and rehabilitating psychosocial care.


Assuntos
Usuários de Drogas , Internato e Residência , Educação Continuada , Humanos , Preconceito , Pesquisa Qualitativa
13.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 75(2): e20201121, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34614096

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To identify the potentialities, barriers and difficulties for the implementation of humanized care from the perspective of the Kangaroo Method. METHODS: Integrative literature review with a time cut from 02/01/2015 to 06/01/2019, totaling ten articles in the final sample. RESULTS: The findings were categorized into two categories: Potentialities for humanized care from the perspective of the Kangaroo Method; Barriers or difficulties to the implementation of the Kangaroo Method. Several potentialities for humanized care allied to technology and continuing education were identified, as well as several barriers to the implementation of the Kangaroo Method, such as lack of physical space, lack of professionals and team training, lack of knowledge, lack of adherence and professional demotivation. FINAL CONSIDERATIONS: There are still few studies that address the potentialities, barriers and difficulties for the implementation of humanized care from the perspective of the Kangaroo Method, and most of those included in this review were conducted in Brazil and present a qualitative approach.


Assuntos
Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal , Brasil , Educação Continuada , Humanos , Recém-Nascido
14.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 75(2): e20210155, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34614107

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: to describe and analyze a strategy of continuing health education to manage the quality of professionals' work in Psychosocial Care Centers. METHOD: this is a research-intervention carried out in Psychosocial Care Centers in the state of Goiás, Brazil, with the participation of 58 professionals. Data were collected in 2016 through seminars and workshops. Thematic content analysis was carried out. RESULTS: professionals associated the Singular Therapeutic Project to the record of performed procedures and described the need to develop skills for correct completion and interpretation of procedures, use of a record software and computerization of processes. The qualification strategy used was considered to be effective in making improvements to the work carried out feasible. FINAL CONSIDERATIONS: the study presents a qualification strategy for community mental health service teams to guide the care model for territorial care centered on users.


Assuntos
Reabilitação Psiquiátrica , Brasil , Educação Continuada , Educação em Saúde , Humanos , Prática Profissional
15.
Rev. baiana saúde pública ; 45(Especial 2): 55-69, 20211010.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1342812

RESUMO

O estudo tem como objetivo evidenciar a necessidade de construção de propostas educativas que discutam o lugar do negro na sociedade brasileira e sua relação intrínseca com as determinações sociais de saúde, no contexto da pandemia da Covid-19. Trata-se de um relato de experiência da primeira turma do Curso de Atualização em Cuidado à Saúde da População Negra, desenvolvido pela Escola de Saúde Pública da Bahia Professor Jorge Novis (ESPBA), em parceria com a Diretoria de Gestão do Cuidado (DGC). O referido curso nasceu da necessidade de investir na implementação da política voltada para esse segmento social. No processo de estruturação do curso, foram realizadas reuniões com atores sociais relevantes, potenciais docentes, escolhidos pela aproximação com a temática e experiência com movimentos e causas sociais. No âmbito do SUS, as Escolas de Governo são responsáveis pelos processos formativos dos trabalhadores da saúde, sob a perspectiva da educação permanente. A inserção da temática da saúde da população negra nos currículos trabalhados se tornou imagem-objetivo a ser alcançada pela instituição, não apenas a partir dos cursos desenvolvidos, mas também com a realização de um estudo piloto para enfrentamento da Covid-19 em comunidades quilombolas do estado. Reconhecendo o racismo como um dos determinantes sociais do processo de adoecimento e morte, defende-se que gestores e profissionais de saúde tenham acesso a ações educativas que oportunizem a reflexão sobre os processos sócio-históricos de construção da nossa sociedade, ampliem o conhecimento sobre a saúde da população negra e a importância do preenchimento do quesito raça/cor em todos os protocolos da rede SUS.


The study aims to emphasize the need to build educational proposals that discuss the place of blacks in Brazilian society and their intrinsic relationship with social determinations of health, in the context of the pandemic of Covid-19. This is an experience report of the first class of the Course on Updating Health Care for the Black Population, developed by Escola de Saúde Pública da Bahia Professor Jorge Novis (ESPBA), in partnership with the Department of Care Management (DGC). This course arises from the need to invest in the implementation of the policy aimed at this social segment. In the process of structuring the course, meetings were held with relevant social actors, potential teachers, chosen by the approach to the theme and experience with social movements and causes. Within the scope of the Unified Health System, the Schools of Government are responsible for the training processes of health workers, from the perspective of Permanent Education. The insertion of the theme of health of the black population in the curricula worked became an objective image to be achieved by the institution, not only from the courses developed, but also with the realization of a pilot study to confront Covid-19 in quilombola communities of the state. Recognizing racism as one of the social determinants of the process of illness and death, the article argues that managers and health professionals have access to educational actions that enable them to reflect on the socio-historical processes of building our society, expand knowledge about the health of the black population and the importance of filling the question race/color in all protocols of the Unified Health System Network.


Este estudio propone identificar la necesidad de construir propuestas educativas que discutan el lugar de los negros en la sociedad brasileña y su relación intrínseca con las determinaciones sociales de la salud, en el contexto de la pandemia de covid-19. Este es un relato de experiencia de la primera clase del Curso de Actualización de la Atención de Salud para la Población Negra, desarrollado por la Escola de Saúde Pública da Bahia Professor Jorge Novis (ESPBA) en colaboración con la Dirección de Gestión de la Atención (DGC). Este curso surge de la necesidad de invertir en la implementación de políticas dirigidas a este segmento social. En el proceso de estructuración del curso, se realizaron encuentros con actores sociales relevantes, potenciales docentes, elegidos por acercarse al abordaje del tema y por la experiencia con los movimientos y causas sociales. En el ámbito del SUS, las Escuelas de Gobierno son las responsables de los procesos de formación de los trabajadores de la salud, desde la perspectiva de la educación permanente. La inserción del tema salud de la población negra en los planes de estudio trabajados se convirtió en una imagen objetivo a alcanzar por la institución no solo a partir de los cursos desarrollados, sino también con la realización de un estudio piloto para enfrentar el covid-19 en comunidades quilombolas del estado. Al reconocer el racismo como uno de los determinantes sociales del proceso de enfermedad y muerte, se propugna que los gestores y profesionales de la salud tengan acceso a acciones educativas que les permitan reflexionar sobre los procesos sociohistóricos de construcción de nuestra sociedad, para ampliar el conocimiento sobre la salud de la población negra y la importancia de llenar la pregunta raza/color en todos los protocolos de la Red SUS.


Assuntos
Humanos , Sistema Único de Saúde , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Africano , Educação Continuada , Determinantes Sociais da Saúde , COVID-19
16.
Rev. baiana saúde pública ; 45(Especial 2): 20-34, 20211010.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1342779

RESUMO

Considerando a legislação e as atribuições regimentais no âmbito estadual, a Escola de Saúde Pública da Bahia (ESPBA) tem como finalidade desenvolver ações de qualificação, formação e educação permanente para os trabalhadores de saúde, em consonância com os princípios e diretrizes do Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS) e a Política Estadual de Gestão do Trabalho e Educação em Saúde. Com o cenário adverso durante a pandemia da Covid-19, a ESPBA teve que redobrar os esforços para atender, além das ações já planejadas, as necessidades de ações contingenciais impostas pelo novo coronavírus (SARS-CoV-2). Este artigo tem como objetivo discutir as mudanças do processo de trabalho da ESPBA e as ações realizadas no contexto da pandemia. As informações foram coletadas dos registros de trabalho de cada área técnica (dados secundários oriundos de fichas de inscrição, relatórios dos cursos e relação de certificados), que fazem parte da sistematização de dados, utilizando o software Microsoft Excel, para as devolutivas quadrimestrais nos relatórios. A ESPBA realizou um número significativo de ações educativas a partir da reorganização e reestruturação do processo de trabalho, com a adequação das ações presenciais para modalidades de ensino a distância e remoto, sendo possível descentralizá-las para trabalhadores de outros municípios. Dessa forma, proporciona articulação intra e interinstitucional nas ações educativas específicas para enfrentamento do novo coronavírus. Apesar do contexto, a pandemia foi um momento estratégico para a instituição, pois proporcionou oportunidade de se organizar e de identificar fragilidades quanto aos equipamentos e estruturas para incorporação da tecnologia da informação. Mesmo com os desafios e limitações, conclui-se que a ESPBA cumpriu com seu papel de ordenadora da formação no SUS.


Considering the legislation and regimental attributions at the state level, the School of Public Health of Bahia (ESPBA), aims at developing qualification, training and permanent education actions for health workers, in line with SUS principles and guidelines and the State Policy for Labor Management and Health Education. With the adverse scenario during the pandemic, ESPBA had to work harder to meet the needs of contingent actions imposed by the Coronavirus, in addition to the actions already planned. The objective of this article is to discuss changes in the ESPBA work process and actions in the context of the pandemic. The information was collected from the work records of each technical area (secondary data from the registration forms, report of the courses and list of certificates), which are part of the data systematization ­ using Excel ­ for the quarterly returns in the reports. ESPBA conducted a significant number of educational actions based on the reorganization and restructuring of the work process in the adaptation of the face-to-face actions to distance and remote learning modalities, enabling the decentralization of these activities to workers from other municipalities, intra and interinstitutional articulation in specific educational actions to fight the Coronavirus. Despite the context, the pandemic was a strategic moment for the institution, since it provided an opportunity to organize and identify weaknesses in the equipment and structures for incorporating information technology. Even with the challenges and limitations, ESPBA fulfilled its role as organizer of training in SUS.


Considerando la legislación y atribuciones del regimiento a nivel estadual, la Escuela de Salud Pública de Bahía (ESPBA) busca desarrollar acciones de formación, capacitación y educación permanente para los trabajadores de la salud en línea con los principios y lineamientos del Sistema Único de Salud (SUS) y la Política Estadual de Gestión Laboral y Educación para la Salud. Ante el escenario adverso de la pandemia, la ESPBA debió redoblar esfuerzos para atender las necesidades de acciones contingentes impuestas por el coronavirus, además de las acciones ya planificadas. Este artículo tiene como objetivo discutir los cambios en el proceso de trabajo de la ESPBA y las acciones tomadas en el contexto pandémico. La información fue recolectada de los registros de trabajo de cada área técnica (datos secundarios de los formularios de inscripción, informe de los cursos y lista de certificados), los cuales son parte de la sistematización de datos ­usando Excel­ para las declaraciones cuatrimestrales en los informes. La ESPBA realizó un número significativo de acciones educativas, desde la reorganización y reestructuración del proceso de trabajo en la adecuación de las acciones presenciales a modalidades de aprendizaje a distancia, siendo posible la descentralización de estas a trabajadores de otros municipios. De esta manera, proporciona articulación intra e interinstitucional en acciones educativas específicas para combatir el coronavirus. A pesar del contexto, la pandemia fue un momento estratégico para la institución, ya que brindó la oportunidad de organizar e identificar debilidades en los equipos y estructuras para incorporar tecnología de la información. Aun con los desafíos y limitaciones, se concluye que la ESPBA cumplió con su rol de organizadora de la capacitación en el SUS.


Assuntos
Coronavirus , Credenciamento , Educação Continuada , Capacitação de Recursos Humanos em Saúde , Pandemias , COVID-19 , Categorias de Trabalhadores
17.
Cien Saude Colet ; 26(suppl 2): 3743-3752, 2021.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34468668

RESUMO

This paper presents partial results of a research-intervention, through training of PHC work teams. Initial consultation was made in a group by HC professionals, and the osteopath then performed the consultation. The socialization and training of practical knowledge and techniques of the osteopathic approach was done between consultations. Multiprofessional teams from three health centers from Florianópolis, southern Brazil, participated in the training, and the process was audio and videorecorded, along with a final interview. Data was analyzed using the Grounded Theory. Apprehending the osteopathic knowledge was a triggering tool for reflective processes about care. Faced with the efficiency and resolution of this approach in practice, participants showed a willingness to transform their acts of care of patients and also their self-care. The professionals argue that the common understanding about self-regulating mechanisms and the inclusion of the tissue mobility in their anamnesis, including the stimulation of endogenous mechanisms, contributed to less protocol-based care, more appropriate care for each case, better multidisciplinary team work, the rational use of additional tests, medication, and surgical procedures.


Assuntos
Educação Continuada , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Brasil , Pessoal de Saúde/educação , Humanos , Encaminhamento e Consulta
18.
J Clin Pharm Ther ; 46(6): 1743-1749, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34480777

RESUMO

WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: Continuing education is essential for pharmacists to acquire and maintain the knowledge, skills, and ethical attitudes necessary for clinical practice. However, with the emergence of COVID-19, the social circumstances and face-to-face learning environments have changed. The objectives of this study were to determine Japanese pharmacists' perception of a web-based educational programme in oncology, and assess changes in their understanding of pharmaceutical care in oncology before and after their participation in the webinar. METHODS: Questionnaire-based surveys were conducted for the participants of the web-based educational programme to determine their perspectives on the webinar, and their degree of comprehension of the five cancer types covered before and after watching the webinar. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: Of the 1936 pharmacists taking the programme, all participated in the pre-webinar survey, and 1861 (96.1%) in the post-webinar survey. Compared with previous seminars that were held in the offline mode before the COVID-19 pandemic, 76.8% of respondents were significantly satisfied with the web-based educational programme. The median post-webinar comprehension scores in all modules were significantly higher than the median pre-webinar scores (p < 0.0001). A majority of the participants agreed that a web-based educational programme was satisfactory in acquiring knowledge. WHAT IS NEW AND CONCLUSION: This web-based educational programme was effective for Japanese pharmacists for postgraduate education in pharmaceutical care in oncology. To the best of our knowledge, our study is the first to report the effectiveness of a web-based educational programme for oncology pharmacists using a large population.


Assuntos
COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Educação Continuada/métodos , Educação à Distância/métodos , Educação em Farmácia/métodos , Internet , Farmacêuticos/estatística & dados numéricos , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde/métodos , Adulto , Feminino , Pesquisas sobre Serviços de Saúde/métodos , Humanos , Japão , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Papel Profissional , SARS-CoV-2 , Adulto Jovem
19.
Neonatal Netw ; 40(5): 342-345, 2021 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34518388
20.
Cochrane Database Syst Rev ; 9: CD003030, 2021 09 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34523128

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Educational meetings are used widely by health personnel to provide continuing medical education and to promote implementation of innovations or translate new knowledge to change practice within healthcare systems. Previous reviews have concluded that educational meetings can result in small changes in behaviour, but that effects vary considerably. Investigations into which characteristics of educational meetings might lead to greater impact have yielded varying results, and factors that might explain heterogeneity in effects remain unclear. This is the second update of this Cochrane Review. OBJECTIVES: • To assess the effects of educational meetings on professional practice and healthcare outcomes • To investigate factors that might explain the heterogeneity of these effects SEARCH METHODS: We searched CENTRAL, MEDLINE, Embase, ERIC, Science Citation Index Expanded (ISI Web of Knowledge), and Social Sciences Citation Index (last search in November 2016). SELECTION CRITERIA: We sought randomised trials examining the effects of educational meetings on professional practice and patient outcomes. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: Two review authors independently extracted data and assessed risk of bias. One review author assessed the certainty of evidence (GRADE) and discussed with a second review author. We included studies in the primary analysis that reported baseline data and that we judged to be at low or unclear risk of bias. For each comparison of dichotomous outcomes, we measured treatment effect as risk difference adjusted for baseline compliance. We expressed adjusted risk difference values as percentages, and we noted that values greater than zero favour educational meetings. For continuous outcomes, we measured treatment effect as per cent change relative to the control group mean post test, adjusted for baseline performance; we expressed values as percentages and noted that values greater than zero favour educational meetings. We report means and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) and, when appropriate, medians and interquartile ranges to facilitate comparisons to previous versions of this review. We analysed professional and patient outcomes separately and analysed 22 variables that were hypothesised a priori to explain heterogeneity. We explored heterogeneity by using univariate meta-regression and by inspecting violin plots. MAIN RESULTS: We included 215 studies involving more than 28,167 health professionals, including 142 new studies for this update. Educational meetings as the single intervention or the main component of a multi-faceted intervention compared with no intervention • Probably slightly improve compliance with desired practice when compared with no intervention (65 comparisons, 7868 health professionals for dichotomous outcomes (adjusted risk difference 6.79%, 95% CI 6.62% to 6.97%; median 4.00%; interquartile range 0.29% to 13.00%); 28 comparisons, 2577 health professionals for continuous outcomes (adjusted relative percentage change 44.36%, 95% CI 41.98% to 46.75%; median 20.00%; interquartile range 6.00% to 65.00%)) • Probably slightly improve patient outcomes compared with no intervention (15 comparisons, 2530 health professionals for dichotomous outcomes (adjusted risk difference 3.30%, 95% CI 3.10% to 3.51%; median 0.10%; interquartile range 0.00% to 4.00%); 28 comparisons, 2294 health professionals for continuous outcomes (adjusted relative percentage change 8.35%, 95% CI 7.46% to 9.24%; median 2.00%; interquartile range -1.00% to 21.00%)) The certainty of evidence for this comparison is moderate. Educational meetings alone compared with other interventions • May improve compliance with desired practice when compared with other interventions (6 studies, 1402 health professionals for dichotomous outcomes (adjusted risk difference 9.99%, 95% CI 9.47% to 10.52%; median 16.5%; interquartile range 0.80% to 16.50%); 2 studies, 72 health professionals for continuous outcomes (adjusted relative percentage change 12.00%, 95% CI 9.16% to 14.84%; median 12.00%; interquartile range 0.00% to 24.00%)) No studies met the inclusion criteria for patient outcome measurements. The certainty of evidence for this comparison is low. Interactive educational meetings compared with didactic (lecture-based) educational meetings • We are uncertain of effects on compliance with desired practice (3 studies, 370 health professionals for dichotomous outcomes; 1 study, 192 health professionals for continuous outcomes) or on patient outcomes (1 study, 54 health professionals for continuous outcomes), as the certainty of evidence is very low Any other comparison of different formats and durations of educational meetings • We are uncertain of effects on compliance with desired practice (1 study, 19 health professionals for dichotomous outcomes; 1 study, 20 health professionals for continuous outcomes) or on patient outcomes (1 study, 113 health professionals for continuous outcomes), as the certainty of evidence is very low. Factors that might explain heterogeneity of effects Meta-regression suggests that larger estimates of effect are associated with studies judged to be at high risk of bias, with studies that had unit of analysis errors, and with studies in which the unit of analysis was the provider rather than the patient. Improved compliance with desired practice may be associated with: shorter meetings; poor baseline compliance; better attendance; shorter follow-up; professionals provided with additional take-home material; explicit building of educational meetings on theory; targeting of low- versus high-complexity behaviours; targeting of outcomes with high versus low importance; goal of increasing rather than decreasing behaviour; teaching by opinion leaders; and use of didactic versus interactive teaching methods. Pre-specified exploratory analyses of behaviour change techniques suggest that improved compliance with desired practice may be associated with use of a greater number of behaviour change techniques; goal-setting; provision of feedback; provision for social comparison; and provision for social support. Compliance may be decreased by the use of follow-up prompts, skills training, and barrier identification techniques. AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS: Compared with no intervention, educational meetings as the main component of an intervention probably slightly improve professional practice and, to a lesser extent, patient outcomes. Educational meetings may improve compliance with desired practice to a greater extent than other kinds of behaviour change interventions, such as text messages, fees, or office systems. Our findings suggest that multi-strategy approaches might positively influence the effects of educational meetings. Additional trials of educational meetings compared with no intervention are unlikely to change the review findings; therefore we will not further update this review comparison in the future. However, we note that randomised trials comparing different types of education are needed.


Assuntos
Padrões de Prática Médica , Prática Profissional , Educação Continuada , Pessoal de Saúde , Humanos , Cooperação do Paciente
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...