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1.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 119(26): e2203181119, 2022 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35737839

RESUMO

Protein aggregation into amyloid fibrils is the archetype of aberrant biomolecular self-assembly processes, with more than 50 associated diseases that are mostly uncurable. Understanding aggregation mechanisms is thus of fundamental importance and goes in parallel with the structural characterization of the transient oligomers formed during the process. Oligomers have been proven elusive to high-resolution structural techniques, while the large sizes and long time scales, typical of aggregation processes, have limited the use of computational methods to date. To surmount these limitations, we here present multi-eGO, an atomistic, hybrid structure-based model which, leveraging the knowledge of monomers conformational dynamics and of fibril structures, efficiently captures the essential structural and kinetics aspects of protein aggregation. Multi-eGO molecular dynamics simulations can describe the aggregation kinetics of thousands of monomers. The concentration dependence of the simulated kinetics, as well as the structural features of the resulting fibrils, are in qualitative agreement with in vitro experiments carried out on an amyloidogenic peptide from Transthyretin, a protein responsible for one of the most common cardiac amyloidoses. Multi-eGO simulations allow the formation of primary nuclei in a sea of transient lower-order oligomers to be observed over time and at atomic resolution, following their growth and the subsequent secondary nucleation events, until the maturation of multiple fibrils is achieved. Multi-eGO, combined with the many experimental techniques deployed to study protein aggregation, can provide the structural basis needed to advance the design of molecules targeting amyloidogenic diseases.


Assuntos
Amiloide , Agregados Proteicos , Amiloide/química , Peptídeos beta-Amiloides/metabolismo , Ego , Cinética , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular
2.
BMC Public Health ; 22(1): 939, 2022 05 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35538466

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has necessitated that individuals comply with personal quarantine rules in daily life. South Korea is implementing the concept of "distancing in daily life" to raise awareness on personal quarantine measures, which is communicated through various media channels and platforms. The continued rise in COVID-19 cases demands that all individuals strictly adhere to personal quarantine rules. It is worth paying particular attention to the college student group, which has the highest percentage of confirmed cases among all age groups in South Korea. This group understands and practices "distancing in daily life" but with drastic variations among individuals. Previous studies have reported that the level of adherence to social norms is different according to each ego stated, and media exposure level is reported as a major influencing factor. Therefore, this study examined the media exposure level to COVID-19 prevention rules and its effect on the observance of distancing in daily life; it also verified the moderating effect of ego-gram on the relationship between media exposure level and distancing in daily life. METHODS: The participants comprised Korean university students (men = 143, women = 188, N = 331) aged 18-30 years, who were recruited through an online survey. The survey was conducted over 20 days from January 27 to February 15, 2021. Data were analyzed using SAS (version 9.4) to calculate hierarchical regression. RESULTS: First, media exposure level and distancing in daily life among Korean university students was above average. Second, media exposure level (ß = .161, P < .01) was identified as the most influential factor for distancing in daily life. Third, ego-grams had a moderating effect (ß = .136, P < .05) on the relationship between media exposure levels and distancing in daily life. CONCLUSIONS: This study examined the policy implications related to the development of diverse quarantine-related programs while considering influential factors and differences in how individuals' compliance with quarantine rules were presented. Considering the situation in which new infectious diseases such as COVID-19 occur every 4-5 years, this study serves as a preparation for future pandemics and is an important framework to enhance the level of personal quarantine.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Ego , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Quarentena , República da Coreia/epidemiologia
3.
Acta Psychol (Amst) ; 227: 103615, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35569204

RESUMO

We aimed to identify the level of stress, ego-resiliency (ER), and coping strategies of university students during the onset of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and examine the mediating role of ER in the relationship between stress and coping strategies (e.g., problem-solving, social support seeking, and avoidance). We analyzed responses from 160 university students and found that problem-solving was the most common coping strategy (26.02 ± 4.65), followed by social support-seeking (25.08 ± 5.23), and avoidance (19.21 ± 3.78). ER was negatively associated with stress and showed a mediating effect on the relationship between stress and social support, and stress and problem-solving coping strategies. These findings indicate that ER helps decrease stress caused by the pandemic among university students and should be considered a significant factor for developing adaptive stress coping strategies.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Adaptação Psicológica , Ego , Humanos , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Estudantes , Universidades
4.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 8995, 2022 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35637199

RESUMO

With a growing body of research highlighting the therapeutic potential of experiential phenomenology which diminishes egoic identity and increases one's sense of connectedness, there is significant interest in how to elicit such 'self-transcendent experiences' (STEs) in laboratory contexts. Psychedelic drugs (YDs) have proven particularly effective in this respect, producing subjective phenomenology which reliably elicits intense STEs. With virtual reality (VR) emerging as a powerful tool for constructing new perceptual environments, we describe a VR framework called 'Isness-distributed' (Isness-D) which harnesses the unique affordances of distributed multi-person VR to blur conventional self-other boundaries. Within Isness-D, groups of participants co-habit a shared virtual space, collectively experiencing their bodies as luminous energetic essences with diffuse spatial boundaries. It enables moments of 'energetic coalescence', a new class of embodied intersubjective experience where bodies can fluidly merge, enabling participants to include multiple others within their self-representation. To evaluate Isness-D, we adopted a citizen science approach, coordinating an international network of Isness-D 'nodes'. We analyzed the results (N = 58) using 4 different self-report scales previously applied to analyze subjective YD phenomenology (the inclusion of community in self scale, ego-dissolution inventory, communitas scale, and the MEQ30 mystical experience questionnaire). Despite the complexities associated with a distributed experiment like this, the Isness-D scores on all 4 scales were statistically indistinguishable from recently published YD studies, demonstrating that distributed VR can be used to design intersubjective STEs where people dissolve their sense of self in the connection to others.


Assuntos
Alucinógenos , Realidade Virtual , Ego , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários
5.
Licere (Online) ; 25(1): 248-276, mar.2022.
Artigo em Português | Coleciona SUS, LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem, Coleciona SUS | ID: biblio-1368651

RESUMO

Diante das especificidades de gênero, este trabalho busca identificar o significado do uso recreativo de maconha para as mulheres em momentos de lazer. O estudo é uma pesquisa social desenvolvida por meio de entrevistas semiestruturadas. Foram entrevistadas 8 mulheres, acessadas pelo método 'Bola de Neve'. Resultados: Foram definidas as seguintes categorias de sentidos atribuídos ao uso da maconha pelas mulheres: sociabilidade, relacionamentos afetivos e sexo com uso da maconha; relaxamento e descanso; 'calmante' e medicamento; autoconhecimento, afirmação de identidade e criatividade. De acordo com os achados da pesquisa foi identificado que a maconha se insere no universo feminino como parte constituinte da cultura e da identidade das mulheres usuárias.


In view of gender specificities, this paper discusses the meaning of recreational use of marijuana by women at leisure. The study was a social survey was conducted through semi-structured interviews. Eight women were interviewed, they were accessed using the Snowball sampling method. Results: the data were systematized into categories of meanings attributed to the use of marijuana by women: sociability, affective relationships and sex with marijuana use; relaxation and rest; 'Soothing' and medicine; self-knowledge, identity affirmation and creativity. According to research findings, it was identified that marijuana is inserted in the female universe as a constituent part of the culture and identity of women.


Assuntos
Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Satisfação Pessoal , Relaxamento , Sexo , Comportamento Social , Mulheres , Cannabis , Cultura , Ego , Uso da Maconha/psicologia , Atividades de Lazer
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35328939

RESUMO

The Task and Ego Orientation in Sport Questionnaire's (TEOSQ's) psychometric properties have been explored in previous studies but never in its digital version, which facilitates data collection. The objective of this study was to analyze the psychometric properties of the online TEOSQ by MenPas 1.0. The sample was composed of 2320 users (58.4% women; 41.6% men), between 18 and 65 years old (M = 25.27, SD = 7.39). The methods used were Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) and invariance analysis from the original 13-item model. The CFA was corrected for all samples (CFI = 0.92-0.94, TLI = 0.93-0.95, RMSEA = 0.07, SRMR = 0.06; df = 64; Bollen-Stine Bootstrap p = 0.02-0.07): general sample (χ2 = 720.72, χ2/df = 11.26), women (χ2 = 496.85, χ2/df = 7.76), men (χ2 = 321.67, χ2/df = 5.03), individual sports (χ2 = 525.26, χ2/df = 8.21), and team sports (χ2 = 306.01, χ2/df = 4.78). The results also indicate optimal adjustments for invariance: convergent, discriminant and composite reliability validity. The study evidence demonstrates the adequate psychometric properties of the digital version. To conclude, considering the results obtained, the model shows a good psychometric fit for the sample in its online format. The principal limitations were computer failures, as well as that the large part of the sample were users between 20 and 25 years old, so the heterogeneity should be improved. The practical implications of this study could improve the efficacy of data collection in sports motivation using the online TEOSQ.


Assuntos
Ego , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Análise Fatorial , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
7.
PLoS One ; 17(3): e0264927, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35294453

RESUMO

Several measures have been designed to assess subjective experiences induced by psychedelic substances or other mind-altering drugs as well as non-pharmacological methods. Recently, two self-report questionnaires have been introduced to measure acute adverse effects following psilocybin ingestion and the phenomenon of ego-dissolution associated with the use of psychedelics, respectively. The 26-item Challenging Experience Questionnaire assesses multiple facets of psilocybin induced experiences on seven subscales, whereas the 8-item Ego-Dissolution Inventory consists of a unidimensional scale. In the present study, these questionnaires were translated into German and their psychometric properties then evaluated in an online survey on psychedelics induced experiences. Confirmatory factor analysis suggested an acceptable fit of the 7-factor structure of the German Challenging Experience Questionnaire with overall good internal consistency for all subscales. The factor structure did not differ based on gender or prior struggle with a psychiatric disorder, furthering the evidence of internal validity. Correlations with the State-Trait-Anxiety Inventory and the Altered States of Consciousness Rating Scale demonstrated convergent validity. Confirmatory factor analysis did not support the hypothesized single-factor structure of the German Ego-Dissolution Inventory and exploratory factor analysis suggested an alternative factor structure, where only five items loaded onto a common factor that was interpreted as ego-dissolution. Internal consistency of this 5-item measure was high and correlation with selected items of the Mystical Experience Questionnaire and Altered States of Consciousness Rating Scale supported convergent validity. Translation and validation of these questionnaires contribute to the advancement of common standards in the psychological and neuroscientific study of altered states of consciousness.


Assuntos
Alucinógenos , Ego , Alucinógenos/farmacologia , Humanos , Psilocibina , Psicometria/métodos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Solubilidade , Inquéritos e Questionários
8.
Sensors (Basel) ; 22(6)2022 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35336431

RESUMO

In recent days, it is becoming essential to ensure that the outcomes of signal processing methods based on machine learning (ML) data-driven models can provide interpretable predictions. The interpretability of ML models can be defined as the capability to understand the reasons that contributed to generating a given outcome in a complex autonomous or semi-autonomous system. The necessity of interpretability is often related to the evaluation of performances in complex systems and the acceptance of agents' automatization processes where critical high-risk decisions have to be taken. This paper concentrates on one of the core functionality of such systems, i.e., abnormality detection, and on choosing a model representation modality based on a data-driven machine learning (ML) technique such that the outcomes become interpretable. The interpretability in this work is achieved through graph matching of semantic level vocabulary generated from the data and their relationships. The proposed approach assumes that the data-driven models to be chosen should support emergent self-awareness (SA) of the agents at multiple abstraction levels. It is demonstrated that the capability of incrementally updating learned representation models based on progressive experiences of the agent is shown to be strictly related to interpretability capability. As a case study, abnormality detection is analyzed as a primary feature of the collective awareness (CA) of a network of vehicles performing cooperative behaviors. Each vehicle is considered an example of an Internet of Things (IoT) node, therefore providing results that can be generalized to an IoT framework where agents have different sensors, actuators, and tasks to be accomplished. The capability of a model to allow evaluation of abnormalities at different levels of abstraction in the learned models is addressed as a key aspect for interpretability.


Assuntos
Aprendizado de Máquina , Semântica , Ego
9.
Sensors (Basel) ; 22(4)2022 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35214285

RESUMO

This paper proposes a novel unsupervised learning framework for depth recovery and camera ego-motion estimation from monocular video. The framework exploits the optical flow (OF) property to jointly train the depth and the ego-motion models. Unlike the existing unsupervised methods, our method extracts the features from the optical flow rather than from the raw RGB images, thereby enhancing unsupervised learning. In addition, we exploit the forward-backward consistency check of the optical flow to generate a mask of the invalid region in the image, and accordingly, eliminate the outlier regions such as occlusion regions and moving objects for the learning. Furthermore, in addition to using view synthesis as a supervised signal, we impose additional loss functions, including optical flow consistency loss and depth consistency loss, as additional supervision signals on the valid image region to further enhance the training of the models. Substantial experiments on multiple benchmark datasets demonstrate that our method outperforms other unsupervised methods.


Assuntos
Fluxo Óptico , Ego , Movimento (Física) , Aprendizado de Máquina não Supervisionado
10.
Med Image Anal ; 77: 102338, 2022 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35016079

RESUMO

Recently, self-supervised learning technology has been applied to calculate depth and ego-motion from monocular videos, achieving remarkable performance in autonomous driving scenarios. One widely adopted assumption of depth and ego-motion self-supervised learning is that the image brightness remains constant within nearby frames. Unfortunately, the endoscopic scene does not meet this assumption because there are severe brightness fluctuations induced by illumination variations, non-Lambertian reflections and interreflections during data collection, and these brightness fluctuations inevitably deteriorate the depth and ego-motion estimation accuracy. In this work, we introduce a novel concept referred to as appearance flow to address the brightness inconsistency problem. The appearance flow takes into consideration any variations in the brightness pattern and enables us to develop a generalized dynamic image constraint. Furthermore, we build a unified self-supervised framework to estimate monocular depth and ego-motion simultaneously in endoscopic scenes, which comprises a structure module, a motion module, an appearance module and a correspondence module, to accurately reconstruct the appearance and calibrate the image brightness. Extensive experiments are conducted on the SCARED dataset and EndoSLAM dataset, and the proposed unified framework exceeds other self-supervised approaches by a large margin. To validate our framework's generalization ability on different patients and cameras, we train our model on SCARED but test it on the SERV-CT and Hamlyn datasets without any fine-tuning, and the superior results reveal its strong generalization ability. Code is available at: https://github.com/ShuweiShao/AF-SfMLearner.


Assuntos
Ego , Endoscopia Gastrointestinal , Humanos , Movimento (Física)
11.
Int J Drug Policy ; 101: 103571, 2022 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35007877

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: People who inject drugs (PWID) are overrepresented among prisoner populations worldwide. This qualitative study used the psychological concept of "ego-depletion" as an exploratory framework to better understand the disproportionate rates of reincarceration among people with injecting drug use histories. The aim was to illuminate mechanisms by which prospects for positive post-release outcomes for PWID are enhanced or constricted. METHODS: Participants were recruited from a longitudinal cohort study, SuperMIX, in Victoria, Australia. Eligible participants were invited to participate in an in-depth interview. Inclusion criteria were: aged 18+; lifetime history of injecting drug use; incarcerated for >three months and released from custody <12 months previously. Analysis of 48 interviews examined how concepts relevant to the ego-depletion framework (self-regulation; standards; consequences and mitigators of ego-depletion) manifested in participants' narratives. RESULTS: Predominantly, participants aimed to avoid a return to problematic drug use and recidivism, and engaged in effortful self-regulation to pursue their post-release goals. Post-release environments were found to diminish self-regulation resources, leading to states of ego-depletion and compromising the capacity to self-regulate according to their ideals. Fatalism, stress, and fatigue associated with the transition period exacerbated ego-depletion. Strategies that mitigated ego-depletion included avoidance of triggering environments; reducing stress through opioid agonist therapy; and fostering positive affect through supportive relationships. CONCLUSIONS: Post-release environments are ego-depleting and inconducive to sustaining behavioural changes for PWID leaving prison. Corrections' behaviourist paradigms take insufficient account of the socio-structural factors impacting on an individual's self-regulation capacities in the context of drug dependence and desistance processes. Breaking the cycles of reincarceration among PWID requires new approaches that moderate ego-depletion and facilitate long-term goal-pursuit.


Assuntos
Prisioneiros , Abuso de Substâncias por Via Intravenosa , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias , Adolescente , Ego , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Prisioneiros/psicologia , Abuso de Substâncias por Via Intravenosa/psicologia , Vitória
12.
Hum Brain Mapp ; 43(4): 1381-1393, 2022 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34826160

RESUMO

The Self-Attention Network (SAN) has been proposed to describe the underlying neural mechanism of the self-prioritization effect, yet the roles of the key nodes in the SAN-the left posterior superior temporal sulcus (LpSTS) and the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC)-still need to be clarified. One hundred and nine participants were randomly assigned into the LpSTS group, the DLPFC group, or the sham group. We used the transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) technique to selectively disrupt the functions of the corresponding targeted region, and observed its impacts on self-prioritization effect based on the difference between the performance of the self-matching task before and after the targeted stimulation. We analyzed both model-free performance measures and HDDM-based performance measures for the self-matching task. The results showed that the inhibition of LpSTS could lead to reduced performance in processing self-related stimuli, which establishes a causal role for the LpSTS in self-related processing and provide direct evidence to support the SAN framework. However, the results of the DLPFC group from HDDM analysis were distinct from the results based on response efficiency. Our investigation further the understanding of the differentiated roles of key nodes in the SAN in supporting the self-salience in information processing.


Assuntos
Atenção/fisiologia , Mapeamento Encefálico/métodos , Ego , Rede Nervosa/fisiologia , Desempenho Psicomotor/fisiologia , Percepção Social , Lobo Temporal/fisiologia , Estimulação Magnética Transcraniana/métodos , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Adulto Jovem
13.
J Gambl Stud ; 38(1): 225-234, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33988811

RESUMO

Pathological gambling is a growing health problem in Romania, recognized in DSM V (2013) as a form of psychopathology included in the category of addictions. This study aims to find out whether there are differences between gamblers and the control group among the dependent variables (impulsivity, conscientiousness, and defense mechanisms). According to the literature, impulsivity and low conscientiousness are specific features to pathological gamblers. A second goal is to check if there are one or more defense mechanisms defining gamblers. A recent study (Waqas et al., Waqas et al., Psychiatry Research 243:463-468, 2016) about the association of defense mechanisms and the problematic use of the Internet identified the following defense mechanisms: projection, denial, passive aggression, and movement. The present study questionnaire consists of four sections: a) The impulsivity questionnaire (Eysenk et al., Eysenck et al., Personality and Individual Differences 6:613-619, 1985), b) Defense Style Questionnaire-40, c) C-NEO (only the items related to the Conscientiousness factor) and d) SOGS (South Oaks Gambling Screen) test. This questionnaire was applied to 40 gamblers in the full version, and the control group was given the same questionnaire apart from the SOGS test. All data were analyzed in SPSS v20. The research results show that pathological gamblers have higher impulsivity than the control group, their defense mechanisms are predominantly neurotic and immature and their conscientiousness is significantly lower than the control group.


Assuntos
Jogo de Azar , Estado de Consciência , Mecanismos de Defesa , Ego , Jogo de Azar/psicologia , Humanos , Comportamento Impulsivo
14.
Med Educ ; 56(1): 71-81, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34490649

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Our very sense of self emerges through interactions with others. As part of this State of the Science series on Self, Society, and Situation, we introduce a qualitative ego network research approach. This research approach offers insights into the self's (the ego's) interpretation of and relation to named others in the social network in question. PURPOSE: Visual mapping of participants' social networks is gaining traction, yet this research approach has received no focused attention in the health professions education (HPE) literature. A qualitative ego network approach is a compelling research approach because it uniquely maps participants' perceptions of the complex social world they are embedded in. Although many methodologies can explore participants' social world, ego networks can enhance expression of tacit knowledge of one's social environment and encourage reflection. This approach, combined with other qualitative data, can also reveal hidden relational data that the researcher may not observe or consider. To demonstrate its value as a visual methodology, we will showcase two examples of qualitative ego network studies. We then balance the paper with some critical reflections of this research approach. CONCLUSIONS: A qualitative ego network approach holds potential for deepening understanding of the self in relation to society and situation in future HPE research. We look forward to intentional, impactful and invigorated research using a qualitative ego network approach as we tackle unknowns about how self and society in specific HPE situations interact.


Assuntos
Conhecimento , Rede Social , Ego , Ocupações em Saúde , Humanos , Pesquisa Qualitativa
15.
Omega (Westport) ; 84(3): 935-957, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32336200

RESUMO

The aim of the article is to design a conceptual framework within the theory of psychosocial ego development that will allow for a better understanding and explanation of attitude toward death in the life cycle. The main weaknesses of previous studies on death attitude were examined; Erikson's concept may help exceed these limitations. The use of the model of hierarchy of defense mechanisms to study death attitude within Erikson's theory was proposed. The concept of the death complex was mentioned to better conceptualize the problem of attitude toward death as a part of the psychosocial theory. Finally, the evolution of attitude toward death in the consecutive phases of psychosocial development was discussed in the light of the concept of syntonic and dystonic ego features, as well as death complex, defense mechanisms, and psychosexual modes.


Assuntos
Ego , Teoria Psicanalítica , Humanos
16.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 42: e230399, 2022.
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos | ID: biblio-1356585

RESUMO

Resumo Em junho de 2013, emergiram no espaço público brasileiro diferentes grupos de direita rebelados contra o Partido dos Trabalhadores, que governava o Brasil naquele momento liderando uma grande coalizão de centro-esquerda. Desde então, uma nova direita se posiciona no debate político nacional, militando nas universidades e em outros contextos institucionais e mobilizando uma retórica agressiva contra o discurso de esquerda. O objetivo deste estudo é identificar os diferentes atributos da identidade da direita formulados em narrativas de militantes de direita de uma universidade pública brasileira, as contradições no conteúdo dessa identidade e os recursos retórico-discursivos mobilizados em sua construção. Com o uso do método de análise de discurso, foram analisadas transcrições de entrevistas realizadas com nove militantes de direita, alunos de uma universidade pública nordestina. Esses militantes mencionam três grupos políticos como constituintes da direita (os conservadores, os liberais e os libertários), mas somente dois são usados como categorias de autoidentificação: os conservadores e os libertários. Atributos identitários como o apreço pela verdade, a defesa da liberdade, a desconfiança em relação às mudanças abruptas e a valorização da família e da religiosidade cristã foram afirmados como definidores da identidade da direita. Em vários momentos, no entanto, os militantes produziam enunciados que contradiziam alguns desses atributos, revelando o caráter ambíguo e contraditório do discurso da militância estudada.(AU)


Abstract In June 2013, different right-wing groups emerged in the Brazilian public space rebelling against the Partido dos Trabalhadores, which ruled Brazil at the time leading a large center-left coalition. Since then, a new right-wing has positioned itself in the national political debate, militating in universities and other institutional contexts, and mobilizing an aggressive rhetoric against the leftist discourse. This study aims to identify the different attributes of the right-wing identity formulated in the narratives of right-wing militants in a Brazilian public university, the contradictions in the content of that identity, and the rhetorical-discursive resources mobilized in its construction. We analyzed transcripts of interviews conducted with nine right-wing activists, students from a public university in the Northeast using the speech analysis method. These militants mention three political groups as constituents of the right-wing (conservatives, liberals, and libertarians), but only two are used as categories of self-identification: conservatives and libertarians. Identity attributes such as an appreciation for the truth, the defense of freedom, a distrust of abrupt changes, and the appreciation for the family and Christian religiosity were affirmed as defining the identity of the right-wing. At various times, however, the militants produced statements that contradicted some of these attributes, revealing the ambiguous and contradictory character of the studied militancy discourse.(AU)


Resumen En junio de 2013, diversos grupos de derecha rebelaban contra el Partido de los Trabajadores, que gobernaba Brasil en ese momento liderando una gran coalición de centro-izquierda. Desde entonces, una nueva derecha se ha posicionado en el debate político nacional, militante en universidades y otros contextos institucionales, y movilizando una retórica agresiva contra el discurso de izquierda. El objetivo de este estudio es identificar los diferentes atributos de la identidad de derecha formulados en las narrativas de activistas de derecha en una universidad pública brasileña, sus contradicciones y los recursos retórico-discursivos movilizados. Como método el análisis del discurso, se analizaron las transcripciones de entrevistas realizadas a nueve activistas de derecha, estudiantes de una universidad pública del Nordeste (Brasil). Estos militantes mencionaron tres grupos políticos como constituyentes de la derecha (los conservadores, los liberales y los libertarios), pero solo dos utilizan las categorías de autoidentificación: los conservadores y los libertarios. Los atributos identitarios como el aprecio a la verdad, la defensa de la libertad, la desconfianza ante los cambios bruscos y el aprecio a la familia y la religiosidad cristiana fueron considerados definitorios de la identidad de derecha. En varias ocasiones, los militantes contradijeron algunos de estos atributos, revelando el carácter ambiguo y contradictorio del discurso de la militancia estudiado.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Política , Discurso , Ego , Valores Sociais , Socialismo , Universidades , Declarações , Capitalismo , Liberdade , Governo , Categorias de Trabalhadores
17.
Licere (Online) ; 24(4): 666-691, dez.2021. ilus, tab
Artigo em Português | Coleciona SUS, LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem, Coleciona SUS | ID: biblio-1363245

RESUMO

Mesmo ao entendermos o jogo como autotélico, consideramos que suas reverberações extrapolam os limites do próprio jogo em si, assim, ele se torna elemento fundamental para os processos de ensino, visto que sua pedagogização é possível se atrelada ao ambiente de jogo, e esse, possibilita encontros a todos aqueles que dele participam. Com isso, o ensino do malabarismo por meio do jogo tem um potencial de atingir tais objetivos por uma outra lógica que não a tradicional - tecnicista. Diante disso, o objetivo do estudo foi propor, aplicar, avaliar e aprimorar oficinas de malabarismo por meio do jogo para adultos. Para organizar a pesquisa foi utilizado do método exploratório-descritivo e propositivo que auxiliou na execução, observação e aprimoramento das oficinas. E utilizamos da observação para poder descrever aquilo que foi visto, dando ênfase em variáveis fundamentais para a prática do malabarismo e para as relações sociais que emergiam diante do jogo. Podemos observar que o ensino do malabarismo por meio do Jogo é um caminho para desenvolver variáveis essenciais para a prática como: o tempo de reação, desenvolvimento corporal e autoconfiança do praticante, além disso, gera uma socialização entre os participantes da oficina devido às situações que ocorreram ao longo do processo como a aceitação do erro, exposição das fragilidades e consequentemente confiança com o próximo e consigo mesmo. Por fim, consideramos que o ensino do malabarismo por meio do jogo não só promove o ensino da modalidade, mas, potencializa que o malabarismo reverbere da prática pedagógica desenvolvida na oficina para outras esferas da vida do praticante, fazendo com que os participantes tenham experiências únicas e insubstituíveis.


Even when we understand the game as autotelic, we consider that its reverberations go beyond the limits of the game itself, thus, it becomes a fundamental element for the teaching processes, since its pedagogization is possible if linked to the game environment, and this enables meetings to all those who participate. Thus, teaching juggling through games has the potential to achieve these goals through a different logic than the traditional one - technical. Therefore, the aim of this study was to propose, apply, evaluate, and improve juggling workshops for adults. To organize the research we used the exploratory-descriptive and propositional method, which helped in the execution, observation, and improvement of the workshops. We used observation to describe what was seen, emphasizing variables that were fundamental to the practice of juggling and to the social relationships that emerged in the game. We observed that teaching juggling through games is a way to develop variables that are essential to the practice, such as reaction time, body development, and practitioner self-confidence. Furthermore, it generates socialization among the workshop participants due to the situations that occurred during the process, such as accepting mistakes, exposing weaknesses, and, consequently, trusting others and oneself. Finally, we consider that teaching juggling through games not only promotes the teaching of the modality, but also allows juggling to reverberate from the pedagogical practice developed in the workshop to other spheres of the practitioner's life, giving the participants unique and irreplaceable experiences.


Assuntos
Jogos e Brinquedos , Socialização , Educação , Ego , Relações Interpessoais , Aprendizagem , Atividade Motora
18.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1366087

RESUMO

O ser humano, ao longo da vida, pouco explora de suas experiências corporais, sua sensibilidade às emoções e a expressão de seus desejos. Este estudo objetivou investigar o impacto do processo de conscientização do corpo pelas práticas corporais holísticas (PCH). Tais práticas integram o campo físico, emocional, mental e espiritual nas esferas do fazer, perceber, sentir, imaginar e criar. Detalhamos o estudo de caso realizado com uma pessoa participante que vivenciou nas PCH a percepção de si mesma e o enfrentamento de seus conflitos. As vivências corporais encorajaram a reflexão pessoal acerca da confiança nos momentos de repulsa e baixa autoestima, bem como favoreceram a percepção das memórias corporais, da sensibilidade a fim de reverberar o pertencimento e a autoria de si (AU).


The human being in his life little explores his experiences of bodily life, his sensitivity to emotions and the expression of his desires. This study aimed to investigate the impact of the body awareness process by holistic body practices (SHP). Such practices integrate the physical, emotional, mental, spiritual field in the spheres of doing, perceiving, feeling, imagining and creating. We detail the case study conducted with the participant who experienced in the SHP the perception of themselves and the coping with their conflicts. The bodily experiences encouraged personal reflection about trust in moments of revulsion and low self-esteem, as well as favored the perception of body memories, sensitivity in order to reverberate belonging and self-authorship (AU).


El ser humano en su vida poco explora sus experiencias de vida corporal, su sensibilidad a las emociones y la expresión de sus deseos. Investigamos el impacto del proceso de conciencia corporal por prácticas integrales del cuerpo (SHP). Tales prácticas integran el campo físico, emocional, mental, espiritual en las esferas de hacer, percibir, sentir, imaginar y crear. Detallamos el estudio de caso realizado con La persona participante que experimentó en el SHP la percepción de sí misma y la afrontación de sus conflictos. Las experiencias corporales alentaron la reflexión personal sobre la confianza en momentos de repulsión y baja autoestima, así como favorecieron la percepción de los recuerdos corporales, la sensibilidad para reverberar la pertenencia y la autoautoría


Assuntos
Humanos , Conscientização , Corpo Humano , Emoções , Percepção , Adaptação Psicológica , Vida , Ego
19.
Vínculo ; 18(3): 40-46, set.-dez. 2021.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos | ID: biblio-1347946

RESUMO

O objetivo deste trabalho é refletir acerca de situações de rupturas familiares, que geram consequências importantes para a formação do self, e sobre a possibilidade de elaboração frente a esperança produzida pela construção de novos vínculos. Quais as reverberações dessas rupturas familiares no processo de constituição da identidade e no desenrolar da própria transferência num atendimento de orientação psicanalítica? Numa tentativa de responder a essa pergunta, será destacado aqui o vínculo transferencial como promotor de uma potencialidade terapêutica.


The main objective of the present paper is, based on the psychoanalytic theory (specially Winnicott's considerations), to reflect about situations regarding the rupture of family links, which cause relevant consequences to the construction of the self of a child, and about the possibility of elaboration with the development of new links. Considering those ruptures, what are the reverberations in the process of identity constitution and, considering the analysis environment, in the outcome of the transference itself? To answer this question, it will be highlighted in the present paper the bond between analyst and patient as a promoter of a therapeutic potentiality.


El objetivo desto trabajo es refletir acerca de situaciones de rupturas familiares y las consecuencias que estas tienen en la formación del self, y acerca de la posibilidad de elaboración frente a la esperanza producida por la construcción de novos vinculos. ¿Quales son las reverberaciones de esas rupturas familiares en los procesos de constitución de la identidad y en el desenvolvimiento de la propia transferencia en un atendimiento de orientación psicoanalítica? En una tentativa de responder a essa pregunta, será destacado aqui el vínculo transferencial como promotor de una potencialidad terapeutica.


Assuntos
Humanos , Papel (figurativo) , Família , Ego , Conflito Familiar , Apego ao Objeto
20.
J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent ; 39(3): 257-261, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34810341

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ego defense mechanisms (EDMs) act as a major factor for overcoming stressful situations in life. AIMS: The study aimed to assess the various patterns and factors of EDMs employed by pediatric dental postgraduate students in India. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Cross-sectional design, web-based questionnaire survey. METHODS: A cross-sectional questionnaire study on EDM was conducted among 246 pediatric dental postgraduates in India from July to October 2019. The modified form of the Defense Style Questionnaire-20 included 10 EDMs under three major patterns- Mature, Immature, and Neurotic. The questionnaire was sent to all pediatric dental postgraduates enrolled in the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry and reminders were sent every week for 6 weeks. RESULTS: Among the 1041 pediatric dental postgraduates who received the E-mail, two hundred and forty-six students responded to the same. The respondents included 89 males and 157 females. The mature pattern was found to be the most commonly employed EDM (males-47.20%; females-51.60%). Sublimation (72.76%), a mature type of defense was found to be the most common EDM factor employed by the majority of the students. The immature pattern was higher among males when compared to females (males-14.60%; females-5.70%). CONCLUSION: Most pediatric dental postgraduates exhibited a mature pattern, followed by a neurotic and immature pattern of EDM. The mature pattern of EDM was displayed more by the female students than the male students. Sublimation was found to be the maximum expressed factor followed by acting out.


Assuntos
Mecanismos de Defesa , Estudantes , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Ego , Feminino , Humanos , Índia , Masculino , Inquéritos e Questionários
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