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1.
J Elder Abuse Negl ; 34(3): 198-221, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35686299

RESUMO

Ageism in nursing is difficult to identify, prevent and combat. Using a mixed-method approach in two exploratory cross-sectional studies (N = 512), we brought support for a proposed conceptual difference between ageism toward older adults and ageism toward older patients which may facilitate the identification of ageism in healthcare settings. We also investigated whether nurses' moral sensitivity could buffer the negative effect of socio-cognitive factors on ageism against older patients. Our findings supported our assumption, suggesting that fostering nurses' moral sensitivity could be a promising new avenue to prevent and combat ageism in nurses, together with comprehensive gerontological education meant to decrease stereotyping and help nurses fulfill their roles of moral advocates against older patient discrimination.


Assuntos
Ageismo , Abuso de Idosos , Idoso , Ageismo/prevenção & controle , Ageismo/psicologia , Envelhecimento/psicologia , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Princípios Morais , Estereotipagem
2.
J Elder Abuse Negl ; 34(3): 222-240, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35703546

RESUMO

This study aimed to examine the associations between perceived social support and help-seeking among U.S. Chinese older adults who reported elder mistreatment (EM). Data were from the Population Study of Chinese Elderly in Chicago. Perceived social support and informal/formal help-seeking intentions and behaviors were measured. Descriptive statistics, multiple linear regressions, and multinomial logistic regression analyses were performed. A total of 450 participants reported EM. Mean age of the sample was 72.73 ± 8.03 years old. Perceived social support was associated with an increase in intentions of seeking help from informal sources. Compared with not seeking help, older Chinese-American adults with any EM who perceived social support were more likely to seek help from informal and formal sources. The potential role of social support in increasing help-seeking was highlighted. Culturally tailored interventions that provide social support might promote help-seeking among U.S. Chinese elder immigrants who experienced EM.


Assuntos
Abuso de Idosos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Americanos Asiáticos , China , Humanos , Fatores de Risco , Apoio Social
3.
J Elder Abuse Negl ; 34(3): 153-173, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35733382

RESUMO

Adult protective services (APS) programs vary markedly, yet few studies have quantified this diversity. In 2020, a survey of Ohio's 85 county-administered APS programs incorporated subsequent feedback from staff and described the programs in a systematic manner. This process resulted in a 100% response rate and illustrated an efficient approach to measuring organizational characteristics (e.g., whether any staff are mostly dedicated to APS), resources (e.g., access to multidisciplinary teams), and practices (e.g., how often staff create a plan to meet client goals). The prevalence of many factors differed by the number of older adults the program served. For instance, 75% of programs in large counties had regular opportunities to share complex cases with a multidisciplinary team, compared to 28% of programs in small counties. Understanding the diverse characteristics of APS programs - and how to measure them - can help agencies guide quality improvement efforts and the dissemination of innovations.


Assuntos
Abuso de Idosos , Idoso , Humanos , Prevalência , Seguridade Social , Inquéritos e Questionários
4.
PLoS One ; 17(6): e0270163, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35749384

RESUMO

Our study aims to describe and determine factors associated with hospitalization among victims of elder abuse and neglect (EAN) in rural Malaysia. A cross sectional study based on the baseline data of the Malaysian Elder Mistreatment Project (MAESTRO) collected from November 2013 until July 2014 involving 1927 older adults in Kuala Pilah, Negeri Sembilan was conducted. EAN was determined using the modified Conflict Tactics Scale (CTS) and hospitalization rates were determined based on self-report. The prevalence of overall EAN was 8.1% (95%CI 6.9-9.3). Among male respondents, 9.5% revealed history of abuse and among female respondents, 7.2% reported experiencing EAN. The annual hospitalization rates per 100 persons within the past one year among EAN victims and non-victims were 18 per 100 persons (SD = 46.1) and 15 per 100 persons (SD = 64.1) respectively. Among respondents with history of EAN, 16.0% (n = 21) had been hospitalized in the past 12 months while among respondents with no EAN experience, 10.2% (n = 153) were hospitalized. Multivariable analyses using Poisson regression did not show any significant association between EAN and hospitalization. This could be due to the complex interactions between medical and social circumstances that play a role in hospital admissions, factors affecting the health care system, and access to health care among EAN victims.


Assuntos
Abuso de Idosos , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Hospitalização , Humanos , Malásia/epidemiologia , Masculino , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , População Rural
5.
Clin Interv Aging ; 17: 957-969, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35730042

RESUMO

Background: Elderly abuse and comorbid problematic substance use, disability, and physical and mental illness have been major problems in low-income countries. In most countries, the elderly are the most neglected segment of the population, and there is insufficient information about elderly abuse perpetration or victimization in low-income countries like Ethiopia. Therefore, this study was aimed to assess elderly abuse perpetration or victimization among the elderly in Mizan Aman town, southwest Ethiopia. Methods: A community-based cross-sectional study design was conducted among 268 elderly people from May to June, 2021, by using a systematic sampling technique. The elderly abuse and the ASSIST tools were used to assess the elderly abuse and khat, alcohol, cannabis, and tobacco use disorders, respectively. Moreover, multimorbidity and physical disability were also assessed. Data were entered into EpiData version 3.1 and exported to the Statistical Package for Social Science Version 23. A logistic regression model was used to identify independent predictors of elderly abuse. Results: The prevalence of elder abuse was 41.8%, and the prevalence of poly substance, alcohol, khat, and tobacco use disorder was 32.5%, 19.4%, 12%, and 4.5%, respectively. Besides, the comorbidity of physical disability and multiple chronic diseases was 8% and 24.6%, respectively. Moreover, physical disability (AOR = 5.652, CI = 1.459, 21.894), multimorbidity (AOR = 3.972, CI = 1.898, 8.314), substance use disorder (AOR = 3.877, CI = 1.814, 8.286), age above 80 years (AOR = 8.452, CI = 2.273, 31.425), and poor social support (AOR = 3.372, CI = 1.043, 10.903) were positively associated with elderly abuse. Conclusion: The magnitude of elder abuse and comorbid multimorbidity, physical disability, and substance use disorder was high, and having multiple chronic diseases, physical disability, substance use disorder, advanced age, and poor social support were risk factors for elderly abuse.


Assuntos
Vítimas de Crime , Abuso de Idosos , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Doença Crônica , Estudos Transversais , Etiópia/epidemiologia , Humanos , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/epidemiologia
6.
Am J Nurs ; 122(7): 7, 2022 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35736578

RESUMO

This new prevention paradigm could benefit all.


Assuntos
Abuso de Idosos , Visitas com Preceptor , Idoso , Abuso de Idosos/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Casas de Saúde
7.
Sante Publique ; 33(6): 997-1003, 2022.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35724204

RESUMO

AIM: The COVID-19 outbreak is likely to affect both the occurrence and the reporting of abuse or neglect in vulnerable adults in a variety of ways. This study aims to explore such effects based on the alerts reported to the national system dedicated to these situations by the Ministry of Solidarity and Health in France. METHOD: The main characteristics of the situations of abuse or neglect (age and gender of the victims, main type of abuse or neglect, persons considered as responsible, place of occurrence) reported to the national system from March to December 2020, since the beginning of the COVID-19 outbreak, have been compared to those observed during the same months from 2017 to 2019. RESULTS: In 2019-20, abuses or neglects in nursing homes decreased (-111 or -8%), during 3-months, while those reported in domestic situations increased slightly (+50 or +1%), despite a short decline at the beginning of the epidemic. The situations reported during the epidemic as compared to those of the three previous years affected more often women, and less often involved persons other than families or professionals. Violations of rights, and psychological abuses have been more frequent, financial abuses and neglects have been less frequent since the beginning of the outbreak.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Abuso de Idosos , Epidemias , Adulto , Idoso , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Abuso de Idosos/psicologia , Feminino , França/epidemiologia , Humanos , Casas de Saúde
8.
Aten Primaria ; 54(6): 102320, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35715025

RESUMO

Ageism is a form of abuse which has negative influence on elderly people. Although COVID-19 affects people of all ages, it has increased ageism effects, reducing the access of the elderly to different resources, including health system. Ageism is associated to cost overruns, poorer health and early mortality. From «GdT atención al mayor de semFYC¼ we make a series of proposals to decrease it based on community activities that favour intergenerational relationships and ageing education allowing a correct integration of the elderly on society.


Assuntos
Ageismo , COVID-19 , Abuso de Idosos , Idoso , Envelhecimento , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Abuso de Idosos/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Pandemias
9.
J Elder Abuse Negl ; 34(3): 174-197, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35610967

RESUMO

Guided by the contextual theory of elder mistreatment, this study examined the psychological mistreatment (PM) of aging parents and parents-in-law by their married children and compared the risk factors of PM. We used nationally representative data on the adverse experiences of Korean adults in 2017 (n=2,974). Results showed similarities and differences in the PM of aging parents and parents-in-law. Common risk factors included children's sex, greater victimization experiences, and co-residence. Daughters and daughters-in-law were more likely than their male counterparts to psychologically mistreat parents and parents-in-law. While parents' PM was more frequent when children had a temporary work status and when parents were younger, PM of parents-in-law occurred more often when children had a full-time job, poor self-rated health, and a negative perception of family relations. These findings provide insights into policy intervention against PM, suggesting the need for complex prevention strategies for PM of aging parents and parents-in-law.


Assuntos
Abuso de Idosos , Idoso , Envelhecimento/psicologia , Abuso de Idosos/psicologia , Família , Humanos , Masculino , Pais/psicologia , República da Coreia
10.
BMJ Open ; 12(5): e060314, 2022 05 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35508341

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Elder abuse is prevalent and associated with different forms of ill health. Despite this, healthcare providers are often unaware of abusive experiences among older patients and many lack training about elder abuse. The overall aim of this study is to determine the effectiveness of an educational intervention on healthcare providers' propensity to ask older patients questions about abusive experiences. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Healthcare providers at hospital clinics and primary healthcare centres in Sweden will undergo full-day education about elder abuse between the fall of 2021 and spring of 2023. The education consists of (1) theory and group discussions; (2) forum theatre, a form of interactive theatre in which participants are given the opportunity to practise how to manage difficult patient encounters; and (3) post-training reflection on changing practices.The design is a non-randomised cluster, stepped wedge trial in which all participants (n=750) gradually transit from control group to intervention group with 6-month interval, starting fall 2021. Data are collected using the Responding to Elder Abuse in GERiAtric care-Provider questionnaire which was distributed to all clusters at baseline. All participants will also be asked to answer the questionnaire in conjunction with participating in the education as well as at 6-month and 12-month follow-up. Main outcome is changes in self-reported propensity to ask older patients questions about abuse post-intervention compared with pre-intervention. Linear mixed models including cluster as a random effect will be used to statistically evaluate the outcome. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: The study has been approved by the Swedish Ethical Review Authority. The results will be published in peer-reviewed journals and conference proceedings. If the intervention is successful, a manual of the course content will be published so that the education can be disseminated to other clinics. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT05065281.


Assuntos
Abuso de Idosos , Idoso , Abuso de Idosos/prevenção & controle , Pessoal de Saúde/educação , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Suécia
11.
BMC Geriatr ; 22(1): 456, 2022 05 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35619083

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Elder abuse is prevalent, and is associated with poor health outcomes. How an older adult is affected by abusive experiences is dependent on myriad factors, including aspects of the abuse itself, other life circumstances, coping strategies, and what kind of help the older adults receive to manage the experience. In this study, we sought to investigate how older adults themselves describe how they manage abusive experiences. An increased understanding of this could help to tailor society's response to older adults suffering from abuse. METHOD: Participants (n = 30) were recruited from patients admitted to one acute geriatric and one acute internal medicine ward at a university hospital in Sweden. Patients over the age of 65 who reported experiences of elder abuse or who reported that they were still suffering from abuse that had occurred earlier in life were included. In-depth qualitative interviews were conducted, transcribed verbatim, and analyzed using qualitative content analysis. RESULTS: The analysis resulted in five themes, three pertaining to strategies used to manage abusive experiences (self-reliant coping, restoring dignity in relation to others, and needing formal and informal help) and two pertaining to the disclosure process (inner resistance to disclosure, and external barriers and facilitators for disclosure). CONCLUSION: Older adults were found to use a combination of different strategies to manage abusive experiences. Some were self-reliant, but older adults often managed their experiences with the help of others. Health care professionals were generally in a position to facilitate disclosure, but some participants reported poor encounters with health care. The findings indicate a need to facilitate disclosure by, for example, training professionals on issues related to elder abuse and developing more easily navigated response systems that can respond to the complex needs of older adults trying to manage abusive experiences.


Assuntos
Abuso de Idosos , Idoso , Humanos , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Suécia/epidemiologia
12.
J Forensic Nurs ; 18(2): 91-98, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35605163

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Elder abuse, neglect, and financial exploitation (EANF) impacts over five million community-dwelling older adults. Yet, no evidence-based intervention models exist that prevent EANF. OBJECTIVES: In this article, we describe the assessment of process outcomes for a Community Complex Care Response Team (C3RT) model developed, via a practitioner-researcher partnership, to reduce instances of EANF victimization among higher risk community-dwelling older adults by identifying and coordinating their service needs. Specifically, we evaluated whether this C3RT approach produced more service coordination among providers (measured as documented interagency communications), more referrals for services, and more enrollment in services. METHODS: A pragmatic randomized control trial using a 1:1 randomization scheme allocated participants to either the C3RT intervention (N = 74) or standard practice (N = 72) group offered by a local Area Agency on Aging. Outcome data were extracted from the participants' administrative service records. RESULTS: The participants assigned to C3RT had significantly more interagency communications and services provided (p < 0.05) than those in standard practice. CONCLUSIONS: Communications and services increased across a broad range of multidisciplinary services, which attend to the social determinants of health. This study is the first to use objective outcome measures to evaluate the processes of a coordinated community response approach systematically.


Assuntos
Abuso de Idosos , Idoso , Envelhecimento , Abuso de Idosos/prevenção & controle , Humanos
13.
Violence Against Women ; 28(8): 1750-1772, 2022 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35475662

RESUMO

Although there is a growing volume of research on violence against women, violence against older women has received little attention to date. Little is known about the experience of elder abuse, discrimination, loneliness, and health among older women, in particular in the era of COVID-19 when our lives have been changed drastically. Using two waves of survey data (N = 1,498), this study compared the estimates of elder abuse and age discrimination before and during the COVID-19 pandemic, examined their associations with physical and mental health, and explored the mediating effects of loneliness on the associations in two independent samples of older women in Hong Kong. Reductions in some forms of abuse and discrimination against older women during the pandemic were observed. Findings from regression analyses show that elder abuse and age discrimination were associated with poorer health, and these associations were mediated by loneliness.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Abuso de Idosos , Idoso , Abuso de Idosos/psicologia , Feminino , Hong Kong/epidemiologia , Humanos , Pandemias , Fatores de Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários
14.
J Elder Abuse Negl ; 34(2): 124-151, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35470776

RESUMO

Health and social care professionals are often called upon to provide emergency intervention without the adult's consent in situations of abuse, neglect, and self-neglect. Little is known about this process despite implications related to health care costs and individual rights. In this qualitative study, 17 health care professionals with experience enacting emergency legislation in BC were interviewed to better understand what leads to an emergency response and how these professionals carry out their role. Five components emerged in the provision of emergency assistance: assessing intolerable risks, assessing incapability, balancing ethical values, exploring resources, and consulting/collaborating. Attention is drawn to the significance of social location, including age, socio-economic, and Indigenous background for influencing the process, sometimes in unintended ways. The challenges in providing emergency interventions may result in social inequities and delay in providing care at times. The importance of bringing a reflexive and intersectional lens to providing interventions is highlighted.


Assuntos
Abuso de Idosos , Autonegligência , Idoso , Humanos , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Apoio Social
15.
J Elder Abuse Negl ; 34(2): 93-108, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35484831

RESUMO

We tested the hypothesis that financial fragility is associated with higher scam susceptibility in older adults without dementia. Data came from nearly 900 community-dwelling participants from two ongoing cohort studies of aging. Financial fragility was determined by assessing an individual's ability to access $2,000 within a month for an unexpected expense. Scam susceptibility was assessed via a 5-item instrument that measures perceptions and behaviors that predispose older adults to financial fraud and scams. On average, participants were 82 years of age. Nearly 10% reported financial fragility. Financial fragility was higher in Blacks and among those with fewer years of education, lower income, lower global cognition, lower literacy, and poorer financial decision-making. Regression analysis revealed that financially fragile older adults were more susceptible to scams. These data suggest that targeted efforts to reduce financial fragility and improve literacy and cognitive health are needed to prevent elder exploitation among diverse populations.


Assuntos
Abuso de Idosos , Vida Independente , Idoso , Envelhecimento/psicologia , Cognição , Estudos de Coortes , Humanos
16.
BMC Geriatr ; 22(1): 317, 2022 04 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35410152

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The prevalence of elder abuse in various parts of the world has been reported between 2.2 and 90.4%. According to some studies conducted in India, elder abuse prevalence ranges between 9.6 to 61.7%. Yet, elder abuse is an underreported issue. Most available evidence shows the involvement of close family members and caregivers in the abuse of older adults. Several factors associated with various forms of elder abuse need to be studied further. This study has attempted to capture the prevalence, pattern and associated factors of elder abuse in urban slums. METHODS: This study was a cross-sectional community-based study conducted between August 2019 to August 2020 in an urban field practice area of the All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Bhubaneswar. It covers four wards of the Bhubaneswar Municipal Corporation, served by the Urban Primary Health Centre, IRC Village, Nayapalli. A total of 360 participants aged 60 years and above were included in this study. They were interviewed using various semi-structured interview schedules. Validated study tools such as Activities of Daily Living (ADL- Barthel Index), Hindi Mental Scale Examination (HMSE), Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS), and Vulnerability to Abuse Screening Scale (VASS) were also used to assess various factors. RESULTS: Approximately one in five (19.4%) older adults reported some form of abuse. The types of elder abuse reported were physical abuse in 12 (3.3%), verbal abuse in 25 (6.9%), emotional abuse in 40 (11.1%), and financial abuse in 15 (4.2%) older adult participants. The sons and daughters-in-law of the older adult participants were the main perpetrators of abuse reported. Depression and past history of abuse were found significantly associated with any type of abuse. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of elder abuse in this study was considerably high, with 70 (19.4%) out of the 360 participants reporting some form of abuse. Emotional abuse was the most reported, and physical abuse was the least reported type. The most common perpetrators were those on whom the older adults depended, like their sons and daughters-in-law.


Assuntos
Abuso de Idosos , Áreas de Pobreza , Atividades Cotidianas , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Abuso de Idosos/psicologia , Humanos , Índia/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco
17.
J Aging Health ; 34(3): 472-481, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35418261

RESUMO

Objectives: This study examined the relationship between contextual measure of financial decision-making and the financial exploitation experiences of older Blacks, and the convergent validity of mental health measures of contextual decision-making items. Methods: This cross-sectional study of 104 older Black adults included 52 cases of confirmed financial exploitation. Participants were matched on age and gender. Bivariate and multivariate analyses were performed to examine these relationships. Results: The contextual measure of financial decision-making was significantly associated with financial exploitation, above and beyond the relationship of demographic measures. Further, there was strong evidence for convergent validity between the contextual measure and mental health measures. Discussion: Results underscore the significant relationship of the contextual factors involved in financial decision-making and financial exploitation. This study provides a conceptually driven approach to understanding the experiences of older Black adult victims of financial exploitation.


Assuntos
Abuso de Idosos , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Tomada de Decisões , Humanos , Saúde Mental
18.
J Gerontol Nurs ; 48(4): 21-25, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35343841

RESUMO

Elder abuse is a global call to action. Nurses have a primary role to play in its detection and prevention. Globally, demographic change is creating an increasing number of older adults. Consequently, this increased number of people will be affected by age discrimination and ageism, both of which contribute to elder abuse. Despite the existence of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, older adults are not recognized explicitly under the international human rights laws that legally oblige governments to address the rights of all people. Drawing initially on global conversations specific to elder abuse and the role of nurses, the current article explores the challenges of recognizing and combating elder abuse. To provide specific gerontological nursing strategies, recognition is given to actions implemented in Canada to address this major health challenge. The desired outcome is an advocacy framework for gerontological nurses to use in working toward the recognition and prevention of elder abuse. [Journal of Gerontological Nursing, 48(4), 21-25.].


Assuntos
Abuso de Idosos , Enfermagem Geriátrica , Idoso , Canadá , Abuso de Idosos/diagnóstico , Abuso de Idosos/prevenção & controle , Humanos
19.
West Afr J Med ; 39(2): 183-192, 2022 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35278286

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Elder abuse is a growing concern globally and the consequences can be detrimental to the wellbeing of the elderly. In Nigeria, it is a hidden problem, under-reported with limited national response. This study compared the prevalence and pattern of elder abuse and its determinants between urban and rural communities in Benin-City. METHODS: A comparative cross-sectional analytical studywas conducted among 445 urban and 468 rural elderly respondents selected using multi-stage sampling technique. Data was collected using a structured interviewer-administered questionnaire and analysed by IBM SPSS version 23.0. Descriptive and inferential statistics were done with level of significance set at p<0.05. RESULTS: The lifetime prevalence of elder abuse was 18.6% and 17.6% while the one-year prevalence was 14.7% and 13.3% in the rural and urban areas, respectively. The most common was psychological abuse (86.2% vs 84.2%) while the least was sexual abuse (3.4% vs 9.2%) in rural and urban areas, respectively. The predictors of elder abuse in the urban area were low level of education (aOR=2.080; 95%CI=1.031-4.196), poor social support (aOR=2.249; 95%CI=1.005-5.033) and social dissatisfaction (aOR=9.308; 95%CI=3.876-22.353) while predictors in the rural area included male gender (aOR=2.051; 95%CI=1.042-4.036), poor social support (aOR=3.555; 95%CI=1.642-7.696), social dissatisfaction (aOR=65.320; 95%CI=21.656-97.022) and good social network (aOR= 0.261; 95%CI=0.092-0.739). CONCLUSION: Elder abuse is not uncommon in our environment and the pattern is in consonance with the global typologies. Appropriate strategies to raise awareness on this emerging public health concern and establishing a holistic policy to respond to the problem and care for the elderly are recommended.


BACKGROUND: La maltraitance des personnes âgées est une préoccupation croissante dans le monde entier, et ses conséquences peuvent être préjudiciables au bien-être des personnes âgées. Au Nigéria, il s'agit d'un problème caché, insuffisamment signalé avec une réponse nationale limitée. Cette étude a comparé la prévalence et le modèle de la maltraitance des personnes âgées et ses déterminants entre les communautés urbaines et rurales de la ville de Bénin. MÉTHODES: Une étude analytique transversale comparative a été menée auprès de 445 personnes âgées en milieu urbain et 468 en milieu rural sélectionnées à l'aide d'une technique d'échantillonnage à plusieurs degrés. Les données ont été recueillies à l'aide d'un questionnaire structuré administré par un enquêteur, et analysées par la version 23.0 du IBM SPSS. Des statistiques descriptives et inférentielles ont été réalisées avec un niveau de signification fixé à p<0,05. de signification fixé à p<0,05. RÉSULTATS: La prévalence à vie de la maltraitance des personnes âgées était de 18,6 % et 17,6 %, tandis que la prévalence sur un an était de 14,7 % et 13,3 % dans les zones rurales et urbaines respectivement. La plus fréquente était l'abus psychologique (86,2% vs 84,2 %) et la moins fréquente était l'abus sexuel (3,4 % vs 9,2 %) dans les zones rurales et urbaines, respectivement. Les prédicteurs de la maltraitance des personnes âgées dans la zone urbaine étaient un faible niveau d'éducation (aOR=2,080; 95%CI=1,031-4,196), soutien social insuffisant (aOR=2,249; 95%CI=1,005-5,033) et l'insatisfaction sociale (aOR=9,005 ; 95%CI=1,005-5,033), sociale (aOR=9,308; 95%CI=3,876-22,353), tandis que les prédicteurs prédicteurs dans la zone rurale comprenaient le sexe masculin (aOR=2,051; 95%CI=1,042-4,036), un faible soutien social (aOR=3,555; 95%CI=1,642-7,696), l'insatisfaction sociale (aOR=65,320; 95%CI=21,656-97,022) et un bon réseau social (aOR= 0,261; 95%CI=0,092-0,739). CONCLUSION: La maltraitance des personnes âgées n'est pas rare dans notre environnement et le modèle est en consonance avec les typologies mondiales. Des stratégies appropriées pour sensibiliser à cette problème de santé publique émergent et l'établissement d'une politique politique holistique pour répondre au problème et prendre soin des personnes âgées recommandées. Mots clés: Maltraitance des personnes âgées; Prévalence; Modèle; Déterminants; Ville de Bénin.


Assuntos
Abuso de Idosos , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Abuso de Idosos/psicologia , Humanos , Masculino , Nigéria/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , População Rural
20.
BMC Geriatr ; 22(1): 256, 2022 03 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35351038

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Elder abuse is underreported and undertreated. Methods for prevention and intervention are being developed, but the knowledge guiding such measures is often insufficiently based on the victims' own voices due to a paucity of studies. The aim of this study was therefore to explore experiences of elder abuse among the victims themselves. METHODS: Consecutive inpatients ≥ 65 years of age at a hospital clinic in Sweden were invited to participate, and 24 victims of elder abuse were identified. Semi-structured qualitative interviews were conducted, and transcripts were analyzed using qualitative content analysis. RESULTS: The analysis generated four themes that together give a comprehensive picture of elder abuse from the participants' subjective perspectives. The participants' experiences of abuse were similar to previous third-party descriptions of elder abuse and to descriptions of abuse among younger adults, but certain aspects were substantially different. Vulnerability due to aging and diseases led to dependance on others and reduced autonomy. Rich descriptions were conveyed of neglect, psychological abuse, and other types of abuse in the contexts of both care services and family relations. CONCLUSIONS: Elder abuse is often associated with an individual vulnerability mix of the aging body, illnesses, and help dependence in connection with dysfunctional surroundings. As individual differences of vulnerability, exposure to violence, and associated consequences were so clear, this implies that components of prevention and intervention should be individually tailored to match the needs and preferences of older victims.


Assuntos
Abuso de Idosos , Idoso , Abuso de Idosos/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Suécia/epidemiologia
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