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1.
Comput Intell Neurosci ; 2021: 5787355, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34616445

RESUMO

Scientific and reasonable forecast model of graduates' employment data can efficaciously embody the complex characteristics of graduates' employment data and embody the nonlinear dynamic interaction of influencing elements of graduates' employment situation. It has a strong and steady characteristic learning capability, thus selecting the main influence data that influence the change of graduates' employment data. In this paper, according to the situation embodied by students' employment, a data mining analysis model is set up by using the statistical method based on the model of cluster analysis technology to forecast the employment situation of graduates. In this paper, a forecast technique of graduates' employment situation based on the long short-term memory (LSTM) recurrent neural network is conceived, including network structure design, network training, and forecast process implementation algorithm. In addition, aiming at minimizing the forecasting error, an LSTM forecasting model parameter optimization algorithm based on multilayer grid search is conceived. It also verifies the applicability and correctness of the LSTM forecasting model and its parameter optimization algorithm in the analysis of graduates' employment situation.


Assuntos
Análise de Dados , Dinâmica não Linear , Emprego , Humanos , Redes Neurais de Computação
2.
Front Public Health ; 9: 675927, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34604151

RESUMO

Background: The incidence of chronic diseases has increased dramatically due to rapid aging and lifestyle changes of China in recent decades. The population aged more than 45 years is an important participant in the labor force market, and the health status directly affects their labor force participation decision. This study aims to explore the relationship between chronic diseases and the labor force participation among the elderly Chinese population aged more than 45 years. Method: We employ a multivariate probit (MVP) model to construct five structural equations for an analysis. The advantage of this model is that it can deal with the endogeneity of chronic diseases. Results: Firstly, compared with the elderly, younger people are more likely to participate in the labor force market; the influence of chronic diseases is the largest for presenile women in the decision-making of labor force participation; the impact of psychological problems on labor force participation cannot be ignored, especially for men aged more than 45 years. In addition, sociodemographic factors such as geographical location and marital status also have direct effects on the probability of labor force participation while the impact of both family wealth and family number is much smaller. Finally, unhealthy lifestyles through chronic diseases have negative and indirect marginal effects on labor force participation. Conclusions: This article proves that chronic diseases have a negative impact on the labor force participation for Chinese aged more than 45 years. The public should give more tolerance and opportunities to these groups. The population aged more than 45 years are more vulnerable and face more psychological problems, which will lead to a decline in labor force participation. Psychological health counseling and services are urgently needed. As the urban areas enjoy more social welfare, Chinese welfare policy needs to be tilted toward the rural elderly. For individuals, maintaining healthy lifestyles can help you stay away from chronic diseases and stay in the labor force market.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento , Emprego , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Doença Crônica , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores Socioeconômicos
3.
An Acad Bras Cienc ; 93(4): e20190042, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34495194

RESUMO

Issue under consideration: existing legal resources to support gender equality in the workplace. We systematised the provisions of Kazakhstan labour law, which should guarantee the prohibition of discrimination based on sex. The analysis resulted in five themes: "Characteristics of women's labour", "Analysis of labour laws differentiation", "Evaluation of labour rights discrimination" and "Characteristics of the new labour legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan", "Characteristics of workers with a special social status". We analysed the essence of the method of differentiation of labour legislation, which affects the establishment of special working conditions for women and workers with family responsibilities. We suggested a correlation between the content of legal norms and the level of guarantees of gender equality in the labour market. The results show that family circumstances, gender equality are factors influencing the formation of labour legislation, state policy in the field of wage labour. The creation of a favourable environment for labour relations of the considered categories of workers should be carried out through labour contracts, acts of the employer, social partnership agreements, collective agreements. However, priority should be given to normative acts of national action. Ensuring gender equality in fact always requires the implementation of special measures by the employer, which must be guaranteed by a coercive state mechanism. At least this thesis is true for the conditions of Kazakhstan, a country with a transition economy, when business does not have high social activity, and state power is in a period of transformation. Importance should be given to the monitoring and implementation of international obligations in the field of ensuring the prohibition of discrimination, the implementation of best practices and standards. The post-Soviet law of Kazakhstan recognises the priority of international law over national law, and this channel should be maximally used to promote the value of gender equality.


Assuntos
Emprego , Equidade de Gênero , Feminino , Humanos , Cazaquistão , Fatores Socioeconômicos
4.
J Res Health Sci ; 21(2): e00514, 2021 Apr 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34465637

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to determine the secondary attack rate (SAR) and its determinants to describe the clinical features and epidemiological aspects of patients and determine the risk factors of COVID-19 among household contacts in Hamadan Province, west of Iran. STUDY DESIGN: A cohort study. METHODS: In this cohort study, a total of 323 index cases and 989 related close contacts ages more than 15 years old (family members, relatives, and co-workers) were enrolled using a manual contact tracing approach, and all participants were tested by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction test. In this research, the frequency of symptoms was assessed, the SAR among contacts of index cases was calculated, and the risk factors of COVID-19 were evaluated by the logistic regression model. RESULTS: The secondary attack rate for total household members of index cases was estimated at 31.7% (95% CI: 28.8-34.7). It was found that among household contacts, the highest SARs were related to spouses 47.1% (95% CI: 38.7-55.7) and grandparents/parents 39.3% (95% CI: 29.4, 49.9) of index cases, who had also higher risks to become secondary cases (adjusted odds ratio [OR]=2.98, 95% CI: 1.31-6.75 and adjusted OR=2.76, 95% CI: 1.18-6.44, respectively). Considering the occupation of contacts, unemployed and retired people and housewives were most susceptible for transmission of COVID-19. It was revealed that cough was the most prevalent symptom among index and secondary cases. CONCLUSION: Our findings indicated that spouses and grandparents/parents of index cases were the most susceptible individuals for COVID-19 transmission. Prolonged exposure with index case before COVID-19 diagnosis raised the chance of infection among secondary cases.


Assuntos
COVID-19/transmissão , Busca de Comunicante , Características da Família , Família , Pandemias , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Teste para COVID-19 , Estudos de Coortes , Tosse/etiologia , Emprego , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Irã (Geográfico)/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Razão de Chances , Fatores de Risco , SARS-CoV-2 , Adulto Jovem
5.
J Occup Health ; 63(1): e12273, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34520073

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: It is unclear how many workplace COVID-19 preventive measures were maintained during repeated outbreaks. The aim of this study was to investigate a longitudinal change of implementation of workplace preventive measures responding to COVID-19 in Japan. METHODS: An online longitudinal study was conducted using a cohort of full-time employees in Japan, starting in March 2020 (T1), with follow-up surveys in May (T2), August (T3), and November (T4) 2020. A repeated measures analysis of variance was performed to compare the difference among the four surveys in the mean number of 23 predetermined items of the measures implemented. RESULTS: The final sample comprised 800 employees. The mean number of the implemented measures increased from T1 to T2, but did not change from T2 to T3, then decreased from T3 to T4. The number of workplace preventive measures significantly increased from T1 to T2 for 21 items (P < .001), and significantly decreased from T3 to T4 for 14 items (P < .001 to P = .005). CONCLUSIONS: While the preventive measures responding to COVID-19 in the workplace were well-implemented during the earlier phase of the outbreak, they seem to have been relaxed after a huge outbreak (T3 to T4: August to November 2020). Workplaces should be encouraged to continue the preventive measures over repeated outbreaks.


Assuntos
COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis/estatística & dados numéricos , Implementação de Plano de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Doenças Profissionais/prevenção & controle , Local de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/virologia , Surtos de Doenças , Emprego/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Japão , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doenças Profissionais/epidemiologia , Doenças Profissionais/virologia , Saúde do Trabalhador/estatística & dados numéricos , SARS-CoV-2 , Adulto Jovem
6.
Womens Health (Lond) ; 17: 17455065211042177, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34465251

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Postnatal hospital stay is decreased by 30% during COVID-19 in developed countries. However, there is paucity of data in developing countries. Hence, this study aims to assess the prevalence of early postnatal discharge during COVID-19 in Jimma Health Centers. METHODS: Facility-based cross-sectional study was conducted from 1 February to 30 March 2021. Sample was calculated using single population proportion formula and allocated proportionally to the health centers. Data were interred into Epidata version 3.1 and exported to SPSS version 22.0 for analysis. Multivariable regression was done to identify associating factors at p < 0.05. RESULT: Three hundred ninety women were included into study making a response rate of 96.8%. Early discharge prevalence was 316 (81.0%). Attending elementary school adjusted odds ratio = 0.26 (confidence interval = 0.087-0.798), plan for postnatal care within a week adjusted odds ratio = 0.410 (confidence interval = 0.221-0.760), knowing postnatal maternal danger sign adjusted odds ratio = 0.258 (confidence interval = 0.141-0.473), women adjusted odds ratio = 0.421 (confidence interval = 0.211-0.838), or husband adjusted odds ratio = 0.051 (confidence interval = 0.014-0.186) made decision of discharge were negatively and distance on foot <30 min adjusted odds ratio = 3 (confidence interval = 1.121-8.058) was positively associated with early discharge significantly. CONCLUSION: This study has identified early postnatal discharge is high which can contribute to reduce the risk of acquiring COVID-19. However, the authors recommend further study to differentiate whether early discharge is due to COVID-19 or other reasons.


Assuntos
COVID-19/epidemiologia , Alta do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Cuidado Pós-Natal/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Escolaridade , Emprego , Etiópia/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , SARS-CoV-2 , Adulto Jovem
7.
Dtsch Arztebl Int ; 118(29-30): 509, 2021 07 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34526216

Assuntos
Emprego , Humanos
8.
JAMA Netw Open ; 4(9): e2125187, 2021 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34581798

RESUMO

Importance: COVID-19, caused by SARS-CoV-2 virus, has disproportionately affected Black and Hispanic communities in the US, which can be attributed to social factors including inconsistent public health messaging and suboptimal adoption of prevention efforts. Objectives: To identify behaviors and evaluate trends in COVID-19-mitigating practices in a predominantly Black and Hispanic population, to identify differences in practices by self-reported ethnicity, and to evaluate whether federal emergency financial assistance was associated with SARS-CoV-2 acquisition. Design, Setting, and Participants: This survey study was conducted by telephone from July 1 through August 30, 2020, on a random sample of adults who underwent SARS-CoV-2 testing at a safety-net health care system in Chicago during the surge in COVID-19 cases in the spring of 2020. Behaviors and receipt of a stimulus check were compared between participants testing positive and negative for SARS-CoV-2. Differences in behaviors and temporal trends were assessed by race and ethnicity. Main Outcomes and Measures: SARS-CoV-2 infection was assessed using nasopharyngeal quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction testing. Mitigating behaviors and federal emergency financial assistance were assessed by survey. Race and ethnicity data were collected from electronic health records. Results: Of 750 randomly sampled individuals, 314 (41.9%) consented to participate (169 [53.8%] women). Of those, 159 (51%) self-reported as Hispanic and 155 (49%) as non-Hispanic (120 [38.2%] Black), of whom 133 (84%) and 76 (49%) tested positive for SARS-CoV-2, respectively. For all participants, consistent mask use (public transport: adjusted odds ratio [aOR], 0.00; 95% CI, 0.00-0.34; social gatherings: aOR, 0.10; 95% CI, 0.00-0.50; running errands: aOR, 0.18; 95% CI, 0.07-0.42; at work: aOR, 0.23; 95% CI, 0.07-0.79) and hand sanitizer use (aOR, 0.26; 95% CI, 0.13-0.52) were associated with lower odds of infection. During 3 sampled weeks, mitigation practices were less frequent among Hispanic compared with non-Hispanic participants (eg, mask use while running errands: aOR, 0.26; 95% CI, 0.15-0.46). Hispanic participants were at high risk of infection (aOR, 5.52; 95% CI, 4.30-7.08) and more likely to work outside the home (aOR, 2.05; 95% CI, 1.27-3.30) compared with non-Hispanic participants, possibly because of limited receipt of stimulus checks (aOR, 0.03; 95% CI, 0.02-0.07) or unemployment benefits (aOR, 0.36; 95% CI, 0.16-0.74). Conclusions and Relevance: In this survey study of adults in a large US city, public health messaging improved preventive behaviors over time but lagged among Hispanic participants; messaging tailored to Hispanic communities, especially for mask use, should be prioritized. Hispanic individuals were at higher risk for infection, more often worked outside the home, and were less likely to have received a stimulus check; this suggests larger studies are needed to evaluate the provision of economic support on SARS-CoV-2 transmission dynamics in low-income populations.


Assuntos
Afro-Americanos , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Grupos Étnicos , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde/etnologia , Hispano-Americanos , Pandemias , População Urbana , Adulto , COVID-19/economia , COVID-19/etnologia , Chicago/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Emprego , Feminino , Doações , Higienizadores de Mão , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Masculino , Máscaras , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Razão de Chances , Distanciamento Físico , Prevalência , SARS-CoV-2
9.
Work ; 70(1): 263-270, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34511529

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Paramedic work has periods of intermittent high physical demand, a risk of workplace injury, may be confounded by inherent fitness of the paramedic. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify the nature of workplace musculoskeletal injury, and determine if there was a relationship between pre-employment physical capacity testing (PEPCT) scores and risk of workplace musculoskeletal injury within the paramedic industry. METHODS: A retrospective case review using PEPCT scores and workplace injury (WI) manual handling data collected from 2008 to 2015 by an Australian pre-hospital emergency care provider (Ambulance Victoria), enabled comparison and analysis of two distinct data sets. RESULTS: A total of 538 paramedics were included for analysis with 34 paramedics reporting a workplace musculoskeletal injury from manual handling. The mean time to injury from commencement of employment was 395.4 days (SD 516.2). Female paramedics represented 53.0%and male paramedics represented 47%of the sample. Mean total PEPCT score for the entire sample was 19.1 (SD 2.9) with a range from 16.2-22, while for those reporting injuries it was 18.3 (SD 2.6) with a range from 15.7-20.9. CONCLUSIONS: Musculoskeletal injury amongst Victorian paramedics is more prevalent where the paramedic is female, and/or within three years of commencement of employment. The PEPCT score did not differentiate those at risk of subsequent injury.


Assuntos
Pessoal Técnico de Saúde , Auxiliares de Emergência , Austrália/epidemiologia , Emprego , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos
10.
Work ; 70(1): 125-134, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34487010

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: People with mental illness may have difficulties related to work and employment, especially if they experience additional difficult life situations. OBJECTIVE: To explore how subgroups with mental illness and additional adversities perceived their situation with respect to work and employment prospects. METHODS: Three subgroups were included, exposed to an additional difficult life situation: i) psychosis interrupting their career development at young age (n = 46), ii) having a history of substance use disorder (SUD) (= 57) or iii) having recently immigrated (n = 39). They responded to questionnaires addressing sociodemographics, work-related factors, everyday activity, and well-being. A professional assessed their level of functioning and symptom severity. RESULTS: The young people with psychosis had a low education level, little work experience, the poorest worker role resources, and a low level of functioning, but a high quality of life. The SUD group had the fewest work experiences, were the least satisfied with work experiences, and had the lowest activity level, but had the least severe psychiatric symptoms. The immigrant group had severe psychiatric symptoms, but high ratings on work experiences, work resources, and activity level. CONCLUSIONS: Each group presented unique assets and limitations pertaining to work and employment, suggesting that they also needed unique support measures.


Assuntos
Saúde Mental , Transtornos Psicóticos , Atividades Cotidianas , Adolescente , Emprego , Humanos , Transtornos Psicóticos/complicações , Qualidade de Vida
11.
R I Med J (2013) ; 104(8): 43-46, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34582516

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Key elements of social integration of refugees overlap with the social determinants of health. Limited research exists about Syrian refugees' resettlement in Rhode Island (RI). METHODS: Case study life history method: Two Syrian women in RI were interviewed and observed longitudinally. Content analysis cycles led to emerging topics. Key informant interviews informed the question guide. RESULTS: Several themes emerged: (1) Interpreters, community health workers (CHWs), and patient navigators help access healthcare; (2) Education about healthcare maintenance is important; (3) Anti-refugee bias has compromised safety and psychosocial wellness; (4) Although hard work is prioritized, high hopes for education and employment conflict with reality; and (5) Syrian women have unique experiences during resettlement. CONCLUSIONS: RI leaders can address resettlement challenges through investment in CHW programs, peer-led health initiatives, English language education, interpreter services, psychosocial support, migrant rights education, social opportunities, and job training and matching.


Assuntos
Refugiados , Emprego , Feminino , Humanos , Idioma , Rhode Island , Síria
12.
PLoS One ; 16(9): e0257469, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34543292

RESUMO

The COVID-19 pandemic is likely to have adverse effects on the economy through damage to migration and remittances. We use a unique monthly household panel dataset that covers the period both before and after the outbreak to examine the impacts of COVID-19 on a variety of household welfare outcomes in Tajikistan, where remittance inflows in recent years have exceeded a quarter of annual GDP. We provide several findings. First, after April 2020, the adverse effects of the pandemic on household welfare were significantly observed and were particularly pronounced in the second quarter of 2020. Second, in contrast to expectation, the pandemic had a sharp but only transitory effect on the stock of migrants working abroad in the spring. Some expected migrants were forced to remain in their home country during the border closures, while some incumbent migrants expecting to return were unable to do so and remained employed in their destination countries. Both departures and returns started to increase again from summer. Employment and remittances of the migrants quickly recovered to levels seen in previous years after a sharp decline in April and May. Third, regression analyses reveal that both migration and remittances have helped to mitigate the adverse economic outcomes at home during the "with-COVID-19" period, suggesting that they served as a form of insurance. Overall, the unfavorable effects of the COVID-19 pandemic were severe and temporary right after the outbreak, but households with migrants were more resilient against the pandemic.


Assuntos
COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/psicologia , Características da Família , Migração Humana , Pandemias , Resiliência Psicológica , Seguridade Social/psicologia , COVID-19/virologia , Emprego , Humanos , Análise de Regressão , SARS-CoV-2/fisiologia , Tadjiquistão/epidemiologia
13.
An. psicol ; 37(2): 361-370, mayo-sept. 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-202559

RESUMO

El enfoque psicológico en torno a la actividad emprendedora contribuye a explicar por qué las personas deciden o no emprender. El objetivo del presente estudio es analizar diferentes perfiles de personalidad emprendedora, así como identificar las variables de personalidad que puedan explicar el convertirse en trabajador por cuenta propia. Empleando una muestra de 586 participantes (Medad= 39,31; DTedad = 14,66), se analizaron diferentes perfiles de personalidad emprendedora mediante técnicas de análisis de perfiles latentes. Además, se analizó si había diferencias en otras variables psicológicas en función del perfil de personalidad emprendedora. Finalmente, se estudió, mediante un modelo de ecuaciones estructurales, si la responsabilidad, el autocontrol, el grit y la personalidad emprendedora ayudan a explicar que las personas se conviertan en trabajadores por cuenta propia. Los resultados apoyan la existencia de tres perfiles latentes de personalidad emprendedora (baja, media y alta), siendo el perfil alta personalidad emprendedora el que muestra mayores puntuaciones en otras variables psicológicas, así como mayor proporción de trabajadores por cuenta propia. El modelo de ecuaciones estructurales planteado explica un 2,6% de la varianza de la variable ser trabajador autónomo, por lo que las variables de personalidad ayudan a explicar una pequeña parte de la actividad emprendedora


The psychological approach to entrepreneurial activity helps to explain why people decide or not to undertake. The objective of this study is to analyze different entrepreneurial personality profiles, as well as to identify the personality variables that can explain becoming a self-employed. Using a sample of 586 participants (Mage = 39.31; SDage = 14.66), different entrepreneurial personality profiles were analyzed using la-tent profile analysis techniques. In addition, it was analyzed whether there were differences in other psychological variables based on the entrepreneurial personality profile. Finally, it was studied, using a structural equation model, if conscientiousness, self-control, grit and entrepreneurial personality help to explain why people become self-employed. The results support the existence of three latent profiles of entrepreneurial personality (low, medium and high), being high entrepreneurial personality the one profile that shows higher scores in other psychological variables, as well as a higher proportion of self-employed. The proposed structural equation model explains 2.6% of the variance of the variable being self-employed, so the personality variables help to explain a small part of entrepreneurial activity


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Empreendedorismo , Conscientização , Autocontrole/psicologia , Motivação , Emprego/psicologia , Inventário de Personalidade , Inquéritos e Questionários , Valores de Referência
14.
PLoS One ; 16(8): e0256598, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34432844

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Internationally, countries have reacted to the COVID-19 outbreak by introducing key public health non-pharmaceutical interventions to protect vulnerable population groups. In response to COVID-19, the Government of Ethiopia has been taking a series of policy actions beyond public health initiatives alone. Therefore, this study was aimed to assess the applicability of basic preventive measures of the pandemic COVID-19 and associated factors among the residents of Guraghe Zone from 18th to 29th September, 2020. METHODS: Community based cross sectional study was conducted at Guraghe Zone from 18th to 29th September, 2020. Systematic random sampling method was applied among the predetermined 634 samples. Variables which had p-value less than 0.25 in bivariate analysis were considered as candidate for multivariable logistic regression model. P-value <0.05 was used as a cutoff point to determine statistical significance in multiple logistic regressions for the final model. RESULT: In this study, 17.7% (95% CI: 14.7, 20.5) of the respondents apply the basic preventive measures towards the prevention of the pandemic COVID-19. In addition, being rural resident (AOR: 4.78,; 95%CI: 2.50, 8.90), being studied grade 1-8 (AOR: 3.70; 95%CI: 1.70, 7.90), being a farmer (AOR: 4.10; 95%CI: 1.25, 13.35), currently not married (AOR: 2.20, 95%CI: 1.24, 4.06), having family size 1-3(AOR: 6.50; 95%CI: 3.21, 3.35), have no diagnosed medical illness (AOR: 6.40; 95%CI: 3.85, 10.83) and having poor knowledge (AOR: 3.50; 95%CI: 1.60, 7.40) were factors which are statistically significant in multivariable logistic regression model. CONCLUSION: Despite the application of preventive measures and vaccine delivery, the applicability of the pandemic COVID-19 preventive measures was too low, which indicate that the Zone is at risk for the infection. Rural residents, those who have lower educational level, farmers, non-marrieds, those who have lower family size, those who have diagnosed medical illnesses and those who have poor knowledge were prone to the infection with the pandemic COVID-19 due to the lower practice of applying the basic preventive measures. In addition, awareness creation should be in practice at all levels of the community especially lower educational classes and rural residents.


Assuntos
COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/virologia , Estudos Transversais , Escolaridade , Emprego , Etiópia/epidemiologia , Características da Família , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Razão de Chances , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2/isolamento & purificação , Adulto Jovem
15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34444104

RESUMO

During the COVID-19 pandemic, the market environment for the information technology (IT) industry changed dramatically, presenting companies with numerous obstacles in day-to-day management activities and changing business needs. Previous studies found that job insecurity due to COVID-19 significantly impacted millennials. Our research explored the effect of job insecurity on counterproductive work behavior among millennial employees during the COVID-19 period, using moral disengagement as a mediating variable, and psychological capital and negative emotions as moderating variables. In this study, 298 employees working in Chinese IT companies completed the questionnaire survey. We collected data from employees over three different time intervals (baseline, three weeks later, and six weeks later) to mitigate the issues of common method bias and single-source data. We analyzed the collected data using SPSS25.0 and Amos24.0 for structural modeling. Our research results indicate that job insecurity is positively associated with counterproductive work behavior, and moral disengagement plays a mediating role. In addition, psychological capital moderates the relationship between job insecurity, moral disengagement, and counterproductive work behavior. Negative emotions also moderate the mediating effect of moral disengagement between job insecurity and CWB.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Pandemias , Emprego , Humanos , Satisfação no Emprego , Princípios Morais , SARS-CoV-2
18.
PLoS One ; 16(8): e0254722, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34347821

RESUMO

Job security can never be taken for granted, especially in times of rapid, widespread and unexpected social and economic change. These changes can force workers to transition to new jobs. This may be because new technologies emerge or production is moved abroad. Perhaps it is a global crisis, such as COVID-19, which shutters industries and displaces labor en masse. Regardless of the impetus, people are faced with the challenge of moving between jobs to find new work. Successful transitions typically occur when workers leverage their existing skills in the new occupation. Here, we propose a novel method to measure the similarity between occupations using their underlying skills. We then build a recommender system for identifying optimal transition pathways between occupations using job advertisements (ads) data and a longitudinal household survey. Our results show that not only can we accurately predict occupational transitions (Accuracy = 76%), but we account for the asymmetric difficulties of moving between jobs (it is easier to move in one direction than the other). We also build an early warning indicator for new technology adoption (showcasing Artificial Intelligence), a major driver of rising job transitions. By using real-time data, our systems can respond to labor demand shifts as they occur (such as those caused by COVID-19). They can be leveraged by policy-makers, educators, and job seekers who are forced to confront the often distressing challenges of finding new jobs.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Emprego , Competência Profissional , Orientação Vocacional/métodos , Austrália/epidemiologia , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Conjuntos de Dados como Assunto , Demografia , Humanos , Indústrias/métodos , Indústrias/organização & administração , Indústrias/estatística & dados numéricos , Ocupações/estatística & dados numéricos , Pandemias , Dinâmica Populacional , Competência Profissional/estatística & dados numéricos , Orientação Vocacional/organização & administração , Orientação Vocacional/estatística & dados numéricos
19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34360222

RESUMO

The situation of labour inclusion of people with disabilities in Spain is still too negative, in spite of the different efforts carried out by public and private sector. Previous research points to social discrimination as one of the main causes of the situation. Ilunion Hotels is one of the most important hotel companies in Spain focused on labour inclusion of people with disabilities. The objective of this paper is to explore the social inclusion case of Ilunion Hotels of the Costa del Sol, the actions that they have developed to improve the labour integration of this collective, based on a behavioral economics theoretical model (with a high relevance of the influence of social stigma, stress theories and coping to stress responses). We look into the specific situation of two of the three hotels developed as Special Employment Centres (sheltered employment contexts defined by Spanish legislation) and the possible impact of their Support Units for Professional Activity. Case study methodology is considered the most appropriate, according to the research objective, supported by semi-structured interviews with the hotel managers. The results show that, although Special Employment Centres are effective in improving labour integration in the short term and could contribute to change the long-term social perspectives about workers with disabilities, they could be also reinforcing the social stigma existing in the ordinary market.


Assuntos
Pessoas com Deficiência , Economia Comportamental , Economia , Emprego , Humanos , Espanha , Recursos Humanos
20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34360269

RESUMO

This paper outlines a research protocol to be undertaken with people with disability from Syrian and Iraqi refugee backgrounds settling in Australia. Since 2012, the numbers of people with disability arriving from these countries has increased with limited understanding about the impact of their refugee journeys on their settlement. The aim of this small-scale exploratory study is to learn about the journeys made by people with disability from Syrian and Iraqi refugee backgrounds from their countries of origin, through transit countries, to Australia in order to understand the impact of these journeys on inclusion and participation in Australian society. This participatory action research study employs a bilingual co-researcher with disability from a Syrian background to conduct life history interviews with up to five participants. Participants will recount their journeys with a focus on the impact of their disability on this experience. The study design is informed by BenEzer and Zetter's 2014 seminal paper on the importance of the refugee journey to settlement. This study has the potential to foreground the voices and experiences of people with disability from refugee backgrounds who are often absent, silenced or excluded in research and, in so doing, hopefully impact Australian refugee policy.


Assuntos
Pessoas com Deficiência , Refugiados , Austrália , Emprego , Humanos , Síria
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