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1.
BMC Surg ; 22(1): 7, 2022 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34996421

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A relationship between obesity and adverse outcomes in patients with post-sternotomy wounds undergoing pedicle flap reconstruction is not well-documented. In this study, we present a single-centre retrospective case series analysis of early postoperative outcomes of patients with infected post-sternotomy wounds undergoing pedicle flap reconstruction. We also propose a management algorithm for such patients, based on BMI and wound width. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed all patients, who underwent pedicle flap reconstruction for major sternal wound infections after sternotomy for cardiac surgery in a tertiary hospital in Germany during a 5-year period. Exclusion criteria included patients younger than 18 years of age and patients with BMI < 18.5 kg/m2. Patients were divided into 2 groups according to BMI: normal-weight (NW; BMI < 25 kg/m2) and overweight/obese (OB/OW; BMI > 25 kg/m2). Both groups were compared in terms of preoperative parameters and early postoperative outcomes. Preoperative parameters included demographics, wound bacteria and comorbidities. Postoperative outcomes included duration of surgery time (from incision to skin closure), transfusion requirement (during surgery and entire hospital stay), onset of flap and donor-site complications, length of stay and 30-day mortality. We employed the two-tailed t-test to compare continuous variables and the two-sided Fischer's exact test to compare categorical variables. Statistical significance was set at p < 0.05. RESULTS: The total sample consisted of 48 patients. Overall mean BMI was 28.4 (6.1) kg/m2. Mean age was 67 (12) years. The study group consisted of 28 patients with BMI > 25 kg/m2, who were compared with 20 normal-weight patients. There was a significant difference amongst both groups regarding duration of surgery (120 vs. 174 min, p < 0.05). Donor-site complications requiring intervention were observed in 30% of patients in both groups. Flap-related complications were recorded in 16 (57%) cases in the study group and 7 cases in the control group (35%, p = 0.15). CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that wound width and BMI can aid the decision-making process for patients with infected sternal wounds after cardiac surgery requiring pedicle flap reconstruction. However, in our case series analysis, OB/OW patients were not found to be at statistically significantly increased risk for worse postoperative outcomes, but were associated with a longer duration of surgery.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Esternotomia , Idoso , Algoritmos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Obesidade/complicações , Sobrepeso , Estudos Retrospectivos , Esternotomia/efeitos adversos , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/epidemiologia
2.
J Card Surg ; 37(1): 117-123, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34791705

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive heart valve surgery has previously been shown to be safe and feasible in obese patients. Within this population, we investigated the effect of obesity class on the patient outcomes of minimally invasive aortic valve replacement (mini-AVR). METHODS: A single-center retrospective cohort study of consecutive patients with obese body mass indices (BMIs) who underwent mini-AVR between 2012 and 2020. Patients were stratified into three groups according to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention adult obesity classifications: Class I (BMI: 30.0-<35.0), Class II (BMI: 35.0-<40.0), and Class III (BMI ≥ 40.0). The primary outcomes were postoperative length of stay (LOS), 30-day mortality, and direct cost. RESULTS: Among 206 obese patients who underwent mini-AVR, LOS (Class I 5 [3-7] vs. Class II 6 [5-7] vs. Class III 6 [5-7] days; p = .056), postoperative 30-day mortality (Class I 2.44% [n = 3] vs. Class II 4.44% [n = 2] vs. Class III 7.89% [n = 3]; p = .200), and costs (Class I $24,118 [$20,237-$29.591] vs. Class II $22,215 [$18,492-$28,975] vs. Class III $24,810 [$20,245-$32,942] USD; p = .683) did not differ between obesity class cohorts. CONCLUSIONS: Mini-AVR is safe and feasible to perform for obese patients regardless of their obesity class. Patients with obesity should be afforded the option of minimally invasive aortic valve surgery regardless of their obesity class.


Assuntos
Valva Aórtica , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Adulto , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Índice de Massa Corporal , Humanos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos , Obesidade/complicações , Estudos Retrospectivos , Esternotomia , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Khirurgiia (Mosk) ; (12): 20-26, 2021.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34941205

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate and optimize surgical approaches to the management of retrosternal goiter. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cohort retrospective single-center study included 56 patients aged 68.3±9.8 years with retrosternal goiter who underwent surgery between 2004 and 2019. Right-sided goiter was diagnosed in 16 cases, left-sided goiter in 21 patients, bilateral goiter in 19 patients. Palpable neck mass was found in 17 (30.4%), stridor in 16 (28.6%), thyrotoxicosis in 4 (7.1%) and recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy in 2 (3.6%) cases. X-ray signs of tracheal compression were detected in 43 (76.8%) patients, deviation in 26 (46.4%) patients. Resection through cervical collar incision was performed in 40 (71.4%) patients. Additional sternotomy was required in 11 (19.6%) patients, 1 (1.8%) patient required collar incision and right anterior mediastinotomy. Right-sided posterolateral thoracotomy without collar incision was performed in 1 (1.8%) patient with a suspected mediastinal teratoma. Three patients underwent median sternotomy only because of preoperative diagnosis of teratoma in one and thymoma in two patients. RESULTS: There was no perioperative mortality. Transient vocal changes occurred in 3 (5.4%) patients, recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy in 3 (5.4%), atrial fibrillation in 2 (3.6%), wound complications in 2 (3.6%), left phrenic nerve palsy in 1 (1.8%), transient hypocalcaemia in 1 (1.8%) and persistent hypothyroidism in 1 (1.8%) patient. Hospital-stay ranged from 2 to 12 (5.5±2.0) days. Multinodular goiter was found in 53 (94.6%) patients, diffuse goiter in 1 (1.8%), ectopic thyroid in 1 (1.8%) and oncocytic tumor in 1 (1.8%) patient. One (1.8%) patient underwent simultaneous resection of RSG via a collar incision and right-sided VATS upper lobectomy for primary lung cancer. One (1.8%) patient also underwent simultaneous resection of RSG via collar incision and right-sided VATS subcarinal lymph node biopsy for coexistent lymphoma. Mean vertical length of goiter in the collar incision group was 7.6 cm compared to 10.6 cm in the sternotomy group. Mean weight of specimens was 162.3 g in patients with collar incisions and 312.5 g in the sternotomy group. Sternotomy was required in 14 (25%) patients. CONCLUSION: Resection of retrosternal goiter is more commonly performed via cervical collar incision with mandatory availability of sternotomy. Radiological measurement of craniocaudal length may predict the need for sternotomy. Surgical outcomes are not affected by surgical approach. Simultaneous thoracic interventions for a coexistent pathology in patients with RSG may be considered. Further research of minimally invasive interventions for RSG resection is required.


Assuntos
Bócio Subesternal , Idoso , Bócio Subesternal/diagnóstico por imagem , Bócio Subesternal/cirurgia , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Estudos Retrospectivos , Esternotomia/métodos , Tireoidectomia/métodos , Paralisia das Pregas Vocais/etiologia
4.
Colomb Med (Cali) ; 52(2): e4054611, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34908619

RESUMO

Thoracic vascular trauma is associated with high mortality and is the second most common cause of death in patients with trauma following head injuries. Less than 25% of patients with a thoracic vascular injury arrive alive to the hospital and more than 50% die within the first 24 hours. Thoracic trauma with the involvement of the great vessels is a surgical challenge due to the complex and restricted anatomy of these structures and its association with adjacent organ damage. This article aims to delineate the experience obtained in the surgical management of thoracic vascular injuries via the creation of a practical algorithm that includes basic principles of damage control surgery. We have been able to show that the early application of a resuscitative median sternotomy together with a zone 1 resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) in hemodynamically unstable patients with thoracic outlet vascular injuries improves survival by providing rapid stabilization of central aortic pressure and serving as a bridge to hemorrhage control. Damage control surgery principles should also be implemented when indicated, followed by definitive repair once the correction of the lethal diamond has been achieved. To this end, we have developed a six-step management algorithm that illustrates the surgical care of patients with thoracic outlet vascular injuries according to the American Association of the Surgery of Trauma (AAST) classification.


El trauma vascular torácico está asociado con una alta mortalidad y es la segunda causa más común de muerte en pacientes con trauma después del trauma craneoencefálico. Se estima que menos del 25% de los pacientes con una lesión vascular torácica alcanzan a llegar con vida para recibir atención hospitalaria y más del 50% fallecen en las primeras 24 horas. El trauma torácico penetrante con compromiso de los grandes vasos es un problema quirúrgico dado a su severidad y la asociación con lesiones a órganos adyacentes. El objetivo de este artículo es presentar la experiencia en el manejo quirúrgico de las lesiones del opérculo torácico con la creación de un algoritmo de manejo quirúrgico en seis pasos prácticos de seguir basados en la clasificación de la AAST. que incluye los principios básicos del control de daños. La esternotomía mediana de resucitación junto con la colocación de un balón de resucitación de oclusión aortica (Resuscitative Endovascular Balloon Occlusion of the Aorta - REBOA) en zona 1 permiten un control primario de la hemorragia y mejoran la sobrevida de los pacientes con trauma del opérculo torácico e inestabilidad hemodinámica.


Assuntos
Oclusão com Balão , Lesões do Sistema Vascular , Aorta , Humanos , Ressuscitação , Esternotomia , Estados Unidos , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/cirurgia
5.
J Cardiothorac Surg ; 16(1): 355, 2021 Dec 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34961528

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sutureless prostheses may have added benefit when combined with minimal access surgery, although this has not been fully assessed in the literature. This study aims to provide a comparative analysis of the Perceval valve comparing median sternotomy (MS) with mini-sternotomy (MIS). METHODS: A retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data was conducted for all isolated aortic valve replacement (AVR), using the Perceval valve, for severe aortic stenosis cases in the period 2014 to 2019. Patients undergoing concomitant valve or revascularisation surgery were excluded. RESULTS: A total of 78 patients were included: MS group 41; MIS group 37. Operatively, bypass times were comparable between MS and MIS groups (mean 89.3 vs 83.4, p = 0.307), as were aortic cross clamp times (58.4 vs 55.9, p = 0.434). There were no operative deaths or new onset post-operative neurology. MIS was a predictor of reduced stay in the intensive care unit (coef - 3.25, 95% CI [- 4.93, - 0.59], p = 0.036) and hospital stay overall (p = 0.004). Blood transfusion units were comparable as were the incidence of heart block (n = 5 vs n = 3, p = 0.429) and new onset atrial fibrillation (n = 15 vs n = 9, p = 0.250). Follow-up echocardiography found a significant improvement in effective orifice area, left ventricular dimension and volume indices, and LVEF (p > 0.05) for all patients. Multivariate analysis found mini-sternotomy to be a predictor for reduced LV diastolic volume (coef - 0.35, 95% CI [- 1.02, - 0.05], p = 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The combination of minimal access surgery and sutureless AVR may enhance patient recovery and provide early LV remodelling.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Esternotomia , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
J Cardiothorac Surg ; 16(1): 335, 2021 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34802439

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Median sternotomy remains the most common approach in cardiovascular surgery. Recently, minimally invasive procedures, such as minimally invasive cardiac surgery, robot surgery, and catheter therapy have been developed in cardiovascular surgery. However, all these surgeries cannot be performed by minimally invasive approaches. Several complications associated with median sternotomy have been reported, although post-sternotomy hemorrhage from the posterior intercostal artery is extremely rare. CASE PRESENTATION: We present a case of posterior intercostal artery bleeding following lower partial sternotomy. A 79-year-old man underwent aortic valve replacement using lower partial median inverted L-shaped sternotomy that cut into the right second intercostal space. A postoperative chest radiograph indicated a hematoma in the right upper chest wall and pleural effusion. Hence, we inserted a drainage tube immediately. Approximately 2 hours after the surgery, his blood pressure gradually decreased. Blood drainage was observed from the tube, and the amount of blood drainage was not large. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography revealed a huge hematoma and hemorrhage from the fourth right posterior intercostal artery. Immediately, we performed emergency surgery. The lower partial sternotomy was repeated. We detected the origin of the bleeding that was identified in the right fourth posterior intercostal artery, and the bleeding was stopped. The postoperative course was uneventful. CONCLUSIONS: This case highlights the possibility of intraoperative bleeding from the intercostal artery, even in the absence of clearly rib fracture. In our case, we did not identify the cause of bleeding, although we suggest the inhomogeneous stress on the posterior ribs upon attaching the sternal retractor for lower partial sternotomy may have affected the posterior intercostal artery.


Assuntos
Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Esternotomia , Idoso , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Artérias , Hemorragia/etiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos , Esternotomia/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 57(11)2021 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34833397

RESUMO

Background: Minimally invasive mitral valve (MV) surgery has emerged as an alternative to conventional sternotomy aiming to decrease surgical trauma. The aim of the study was to describe our experience with minimally invasive MV surgery through partial upper sternotomy (PUS) regarding short- and long-term outcomes. Methods: From January 2004 through March 2014, 419 patients with a median age of 58.9 years (interquartile range 18.7; 31.7% females) underwent isolated primary MV surgery using PUS. Myxomatous degenerative MV disease was the predominant pathology (77%). The patients' mean EuroSCORE II risk profile was 3.9 ± 3.6%. Results: Mitral valve repair was performed in 384 patients (91.6%) and replacement in 35 patients (8.4%). Thirty-day mortality was 3.1%. In total, 29 (6.9%) deaths occurred during the follow-up. The overall estimated survival at 1, 5, and 10 years was 93.1 ± 1.3%, 87.1 ± 1.9%, and 81.1 ± 3.4%. Reoperation was necessary in 14 (3.3%) patients. The overall freedom from MV reoperation at 1, 5, and 10 years was 98.2 ± 0.7%, 96.1 ± 1.2%, and 86.7 ± 6.7% and the overall freedom from recurrent MV regurgitation > grade 2 in repaired valves at 1, 5, and 10 years was 98.8 ± 0.6%, 98.8 ± 0.6%, and 94.6 ± 3.3%. Conclusions: Minimally invasive MV surgery via PUS can be performed with particularly good early and late results. Thus, the PUS approach with the use of standard surgical instruments and cannulation techniques can be a valuable option for the MV surgery either in patients contraindicated or not suitable to minithoracotomy.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Reoperação , Estudos Retrospectivos , Esternotomia , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Pan Afr Med J ; 40: 68, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34804336

RESUMO

Introduction: aortic valve replacement is usually performed through a median full sternotomy (MFS) in our department. Minimally invasive aortic valve replacement (MIAVR) has been recently adopted as a new approach. According to the literature, the superiority of MIAVR is controversial. In this study we report early post-operative outcomes in MIAVR compared with MFS access with reference to blood Loss, wound infections, post-operative recovery, morbidity and mortality. Methods: this study was a prospective data collection from 36 consecutive patients undergoing isolated valve replacement. Two population study was identified, MIAVR group (group I n=18) and MFS group (group II n=18). Patients´ data were collected and analyzed using IBM SPSS statistics 21 software and Khi2 test has been used to compare the variables. The study variables are presented as numbers, percentage, median with interquartile range. Pre-operative planning was performed so that to obtain similar characteristics. Results: in group I, upper mini-sternotomy was used in 12 patients and right mini-thoracotomy in 6 patients. There was no difference in term of mortality and morbidity. MIAVR was associated with longer CPB time (93.25 (58-161) vs 131 (75-215) mins, P=0.047) with no significant difference in term of ACC time (81 (33-162) vs 58.8 (59-102) mins P=0.158). MIAVR´ Patients had likely lower incidence of red blood cells transfusion (16.7 vs 52.3%) without significant difference about post-operative haemoglobin (P = 0,330). Patients in group I had shorter ventilation time (2.35 (1-12) vs 9.3 (1-48) hours P < 0.01), shorter ICU stay (2.44 (1-8) vs 4.25 (1-9) days, P = 0,024). The length of hospital stay was shorter, 6.5 (5-9) days in group I vs 7.4 (6-11), P=0.0274. Length of chest tube stay was shorter in group I (mean 1.53 vs 2.4 days, P=0,033). Wound infections were not found in both groups. Conclusion: minimally invasive aortic valve replacement is associated with less blood loss, faster post-operative recovery faster post-operative recovery but increase operation time.


Assuntos
Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/métodos , Toracotomia/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Duração da Cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Esternotomia , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/epidemiologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34705351

RESUMO

The cardiac multimedia literature is abundant, but a significant gap exists in educational videos demonstrating routine essential steps such as the sternotomy or the closure. These components are common and carry significant mortality and morbidity should a sternal complication occur, highlighting the importance for the cardiothoracic surgeon to master these steps.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Esternotomia , Hemostasia , Humanos , Esterno/cirurgia , Técnicas de Fechamento de Ferimentos
10.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 59(10): 861-866, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34619913

RESUMO

Objective: To examine the early outcome of valve sparing aortic root replacement with reimplantation technique (David procedure) with partial upper sternotomy. Methods: From April 2016 to April 2020, 31 patients underwent valve sparing aortic root replacement under partial upper sternotomy at Vascular Surgery Center, Fuwai Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College. There were 28 males and 3 females, aging (44±13) years (range: 11 to 65 years). Preoperative aortic regurgitation was found greater than moderate in 15 patients, moderate in 6 patients and less than moderate in 10 patients. The diameter of aortic annulus was (26±3) mm (range: 21 to 34 mm), the diameter of aortic sinus was (51±6) mm (range: 41 to 68 mm), the diameter of ascending aorta was (43±8) mm (range: 26 to 62 mm). The preoperative ejection fraction was (65±4) % (range: 59% to 72%) and left ventricular end-diastolic diameter was (55±6) mm (range: 42 to 68 mm). All cases were treated with David Ⅰ procedure, including simple David procedure in 26 patients, David+ascending aorta and partial aortic arch replacement in 3 patients, David+thoracic endovascular aortic repair in 1 patient, David+stent elephant trunk implantation in 1 patient. Results: The operation time, cardiopulmonary bypass time and aortic cross-clamping time were (330±58) minutes (range: 214 to 481 minutes), (138±23) minutes (range: 106 to 192 minutes) and (108±17) minutes (range: 82 to 154 minutes), respectively. There were no death and serious complications (stroke, myocardial infarction, renal insufficiency, severe infection, etc.). The postoperative drainage volume within 24 hours was (314±145) ml (range: 130 to 830 ml). The intubation time was (14±3) hours (range: 8 to 21 hours), and the ICU time was (M(QR)) 2.1(1.5) days (range: 1.0 to 5.0 days). Eight patients had no blood transfusion, the proportion of red blood cell use was 9.7% (3/31), plasma use was 22.6% (7/31), and platelet use was 71.0% (22/31). The postoperative left ventricular ejection fraction was (62±4)% (range: 54% to 69%), and left ventricular end-diastolic diameter was (48±4) mm (range: 39 to 56 mm). After operation, aortic regurgitation was significantly improved, with no more than moderate regurgitation, small to moderate regurgitation in 3 patients, minor regurgitation in 3 patients, micro regurgitation in 12 patients and no regurgitation in 13 patients. The follow-up period was 3.5(6.1) months (range: 2.0 to 39.0 months). Echocardiographic follow-up data were obtained in 26 cases, including moderate regurgitation in 1 patient, small to moderate regurgitation in 9 patients, minor regurgitation in 5 patients, micro regurgitation in 6 patients and no regurgitation in 5 patients. There were no major adverse cardiovascular events and aortic events during the follow-up period. No patient was reoperated for aortic regurgitation. Conclusion: Valve sparing aortic root replacement under partial upper sternotomy is safe and feasible, and the early result is satisfactory.


Assuntos
Valva Aórtica , Esternotomia , Aorta , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Reimplante , Volume Sistólico , Função Ventricular Esquerda
11.
J Cardiothorac Surg ; 16(1): 287, 2021 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34627311

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Postoperative pulmonary complications (PPCs) are common incidents associated with an increased hospital stay, readmissions into the intensive care unit (ICU), increased costs, and mortality after cardiac surgery. Our study aims to analyze whether minimally invasive valve surgery (MIVS) can reduce the incidence of postoperative pulmonary complications compared to the full median sternotomy (FS) approach. METHODS: We reviewed the records of 1076 patients who underwent isolated mitral or aortic valve surgery (80 MIVS and 996 FS) in our institution between January 2015 and December 2019. Propensity score-matching analysis was used to compare outcomes between the groups and to reduce selection bias. RESULTS: Propensity score matching revealed no significant difference in hospital mortality between the groups. The incidence of PPCs was significantly less in the MIVS group than in the FS group (19% vs. 69%, respectively; P < 0.0001). The most common PPCs were atelectasis (P = 0.034), pleural effusions (P = 0.042), and pulmonary infection (P = 0.001). Prolonged mechanical ventilation time (> 24 h) (P = 0.016), blood transfusion amount (P = 0.006), length of hospital stay (P < 0.0001), and ICU stay (P < 0.0001) were significantly less in the MIVS group. Cardiopulmonary bypass (CBP), aortic cross-clamping, and operative time intervals were significantly longer in the MIVS group than in the matched FS group (P < 0.001). A multivariable analysis revealed a decreased risk of PPCs in patients undergoing MIVS (odds ratio, 0.25; 95% confidence interval, 0.006-0.180; P < 0.0001). CONCLUSION: MIVS for isolated valve surgery reduces the risk of PPCs compared with the FS approach.


Assuntos
Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Esternotomia , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Incidência , Tempo de Internação , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Pontuação de Propensão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Esternotomia/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
J Coll Physicians Surg Pak ; 31(9): 1069-1074, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34500523

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy of a sternal wire system in secondary sternal dehiscence after repeat closure of the sternum, following surgical revision after open heart surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Case-control study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Zonguldak Bülent Ecevit University, Zonguldak, Turkey; and Turkey Yuksek Ihtisas Training and Research Hospital, Turkey, from January 2015 to May 2019. METHODOLOGY: Patients, who underwent open heart surgery with median sternotomy, were included in this retrospective study. The patients were divided into two groups, according to the sternal closure material. The time of the sternal reconstruction surgery, because of sternal dehiscence, fracture, broken sternal wire(s) or cable(s) after the first revision surgery, was noted for each patient. RESULTS: A total of 389 patients were identified. Group 1 included 72 (50%) patients whose sternums were closed with a sternal cable system; and Group 2 included 72 (50%) patients whose sternums were closed with conventional steel wires after propensity matching. The duration of cardiopulmonary bypass, number of intra-aortic balloon pumps used, and number of extracorporeal membrane oxygenators used were significantly higher in Group 1 (p = 0.007, p = 0.034, and p = 0.028, respectively). The number of emergency operations was significantly higher in Group 2 (p = 0.021). There was no significant difference in terms of secondary sternal dehiscence between the groups (p = 0.366). CONCLUSION: Application of the sternal wire system in revisional open heart surgery is not more effective than conventional steel wire at preventing secondary sternal dehiscence. Key Words: Sternal dehiscence, Sternal cable, Sternal wire, Open heart surgery, Postoperative revision.


Assuntos
Esterno , Deiscência da Ferida Operatória , Fios Ortopédicos , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Humanos , Reoperação , Estudos Retrospectivos , Esternotomia/efeitos adversos , Esterno/cirurgia , Deiscência da Ferida Operatória/etiologia , Deiscência da Ferida Operatória/prevenção & controle , Deiscência da Ferida Operatória/cirurgia
13.
J Int Med Res ; 49(9): 3000605211041265, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34551599

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the sternal fixation effect of a polyetheretherketone (PEEK) cable product and stainless steel wire after median sternotomy. METHODS: A multicentre retrospective clinical trial was conducted in patients that underwent median sternotomy for a range of surgical reasons. The sternum was fixed using PEEK sternal cables in the experimental group and stainless steel wires in the control group. The general patient state, product manoeuvrability, bone and wound healing state and blood test results were evaluated at seven visits during the preoperative, surgical and follow-up periods. RESULTS: A total of 108 patients (54 in each group) were included in the analysis at the final 180-day follow-up. The sternum was successfully closed using PEEK cables or steel wires in all patients and all healed well. No pathological changes were found on the X-ray imaging. Computed tomography imaging confirmed ideal fracture healing. No significant difference was found between the experimental group and the control group in outcomes. CONCLUSION: PEEK cables are easy to implant and show desirable effectiveness in sternal fixation without any observed side-effects.


Assuntos
Aço Inoxidável , Esternotomia , Benzofenonas , Fios Ortopédicos , Humanos , Polímeros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Esterno/diagnóstico por imagem , Esterno/cirurgia
14.
J Card Surg ; 36(12): 4762-4765, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34541714

RESUMO

Pulmonary artery (PA) pseudoaneurysms are a rare but potentially lethal diagnosis. They can be further categorized by etiology or location and are typically successfully treated with endovascular therapies. However, they occasionally require operative intervention. Here, we present a case of a patient who presented with a central PA pseudoaneurysm on computed tomography scan with unclear etiology that was initially treated with conservative management. However, this was noted to have rapid enlargement on interval imaging necessitating urgent surgical intervention. The patient underwent a median sternotomy, anterior PA arteriotomy for exposure, exclusion of the posterior artery pseudoaneurysm with a bovine pericardial patch, and closure of the anterior arteriotomy with a bovine pericardial patch. The patient did well and was discharged on postoperative day 11 with repeat imaging showing resolution.


Assuntos
Falso Aneurisma , Falso Aneurisma/diagnóstico por imagem , Falso Aneurisma/cirurgia , Animais , Bovinos , Humanos , Artéria Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Pulmonar/cirurgia , Esternotomia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares
15.
J Cardiothorac Surg ; 16(1): 266, 2021 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34544460

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To compare the short-term safety and efficacy of right anterolateral minithoracotomy (ALMT) and median sternotomy (MS) for the surgical treatment of atrial septal defects (ASDs). METHODS: The PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library databases were searched for comparative studies focusing on surgical repair of ASDs via ALMT or MS published up to the end of April 27, 2020. We used random-effect or fixed-effect models to obtain pooled estimates. RESULTS: A total of 7 publications, including 665 patients (ALMT 296 and MS 369), were included. Age (WMD: 1.80 years, 95% CI 0.31-3.29), weight (WMD: - 0.91 kg, 95% CI - 5.57 to 3.75), sex distribution (OR: 1.00, 95% CI 0.74-1.35) and surgical type (patch or direct closure) (OR: 1.00, 95% CI 0.67-1.49) were comparable in the ALMT group and MS group. No significant differences in the success rate (OR 0.23; 95% CI 0.05-1.07) or severe complication rate (OR 1.46; 95% CI 0.41-5.22) were found between the ALMT group and the MS group. In addition, the differences in the cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) time (WMD 6.33; 95% CI - 1.92 to 14.58 min, p = 0.13) and the operation time (WMD 5.23; 95% CI - 12.49 to 22.96 min, p = 0.56) between the ALMT group and the MS group were not statistically significant. However, the ALMT group had a significantly longer aortic cross-clamp time (2.37 min more, 95% CI 1.07-3.67 min, p = 0.0003). The intubation time was 1.82 h shorter (95% CI - 3.10 to - 0.55 h; p = 0.005), the intensive care unit (ICU) stay was 0.24 days shorter (95% CI - 0.44 to - 0.04 days; p = 0.02), and the postoperative hospital stay was 2.45 days shorter (95% CI - 3.01 to - 1.88 days; p < 0.00001) in the ALMT group than in the MS group. Furthermore, the incision length was significantly shortened by 8.97 cm in the ALMT group compared with the MS group (95% CI - 9.36 to - 8.58 cm; p < 0.00001). CONCLUSIONS: In the surgical treatment of ASD, ALMT and MS are equally safe and effective in terms of success rates and severe complication rates. The surgical procedures are equally difficult, but ALMT is associated with a faster functional recovery and better cosmetic results. Compared to MS, ALMT is the better choice for select ASD patients.


Assuntos
Comunicação Interatrial , Esternotomia , Comunicação Interatrial/cirurgia , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Tempo de Internação , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos , Toracotomia , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
J Card Surg ; 36(11): 4083-4089, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34473370

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The optimal management of deep sternal wound infection (DWSI) remains controversial. Our objective was to evaluate outcomes of patients with DSWI managed with transposition of laparoscopically harvested omentum (LHO). METHODS: Between 2000 and 2020, a total of 38,623 adult patients who underwent full median sternotomy for cardiac surgery were analyzed retrospectively at our institution. DSWI occurred in 455 (1.2%), of whom 364 (93.2%) were managed with pectoralis myocutaneous flap (PMF) and 33 (7.2%) with LHO. Univariate and multivariate analysis models were used to determine predictors of cumulative late mortality and adjusted survival curves were generated. RESULTS: Among patients who received LHO, average age was 65.7 ± 9.7 years and a larger proportion of patients were male. A majority of patients (88%) had coronary bypass surgery, with bilateral internal mammary arteries use in only 21.2%. Mean length of stay (LOS) was 58.90 days and early hospital mortality occurred in 4 patients (12.1%). Patients who received LHO compared to only PMF had larger body mass index and had more heart failure. Furthermore, the hospital LOS was also significantly prolonged in the LHO group (58.9 vs. 27.4 days, p = .002), with a slightly higher in-hospital mortality (12.1% vs. 3.3%, p = .03). Late survival for LHO patients at 5 and 10 years was 71.9% and 44.8%, respectively. CONCLUSION: Use of LHO is a safe and viable alternative to traditional myocutaneous flaps to manage complex DSWI. Early and late survival were favorable in this high-risk population.


Assuntos
Omento , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica , Adulto , Idoso , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Omento/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Esternotomia , Esterno/cirurgia
17.
Kyobu Geka ; 74(10): 746-751, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34548440

RESUMO

It has been reported that there are some risks of coronary artery graft injury while redo sternotomy was required for valve surgery after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Also it is well known that clinical results after graft injury was poor. For avoiding graft injury, coronary artery graft must be placed away from the sternum at the time of initial CABG. For redo sternotomy, 3-dimensional-computed tomography can be useful. For aortic valve surgery after CABG, treatment of patent in-situ graft have to be discussed. For common practice, dissecting and clamping the patent in-situ graft during cardiac arrest were required. However, there are some reports showing good clinical results with moderate hypothermia, non-dissection and non-clamping graft. Furthermore, less mobidity rate results of transcatheter aortic valve implantation( TAVI) after CABG was reported. For mitral valve surgery after CABG, right mini-thoracotomy was reported as preferred procedure recently. Dissection area could be reduced than re-median sternotomy, although clamping aorta and patent graft were technically difficult. Two procedures were reported such as hypothermia and ventricular fibrillation or normothermia and beating heart. MitraClip procedure can be considered for high risk patients. Newly developed surgical and catheter technique may change the strategy for heart valve disease after CABG.


Assuntos
Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Ponte de Artéria Coronária , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/cirurgia , Humanos , Esternotomia , Toracotomia
18.
Kyobu Geka ; 74(10): 758-762, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34548442

RESUMO

Transcatheter mitral valve intervention, including repair and replacement, has been developed as an alternative treatment to mitral valve surgery with advanced technology in recent years, but the therapeutic indication is still limited to only a part of all, high-risk or inoperable patients. Although reoperative valve surgery is generally known to be associated with increased morbidity and mortality, conventional mitral valve surgery after previous aortic valve replacement is needed due to limited usage of catheter intervention as increasing of aged population. It is usually necessary to undergo redo median sternotomy with care as same as other reoperation, or right thoracotomy approach in some cases. In any cases, there is a tendency to poor visualization of the mitral valve, in especially, a view of anterior annulus due to rigid aortic prosthetic cuff. Of course, optimal visualization of the mitral valve is a successful key factor in reliable maneuver for either repair or replacement. Here we describe operative tips and pitfalls including operative indication, re-opening of the chest, left atrial approach.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Idoso , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Humanos , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Reoperação , Esternotomia , Toracotomia , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
J Cardiothorac Surg ; 16(1): 228, 2021 Aug 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34376231

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Conventional mitral valve surgery through median sternotomy improves long-term survival with acceptable morbidity and mortality. However, less-invasive approaches to mitral valve surgery are now increasingly employed. Whether minimally invasive mitral valve surgery is superior to conventional surgery is uncertain. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of patients who underwent mitral valve surgery via minithoracotomy or median sternotomy between 2012 and 2018. A propensity score-matched analysis was generated to eliminate differences in relevant preoperative risk factors between the two groups. RESULTS: Data from 525 patients were evaluated, 189 underwent minithoracotomy and 336 underwent median sternotomy. The 30 day mortality was similar between the minithoracotomy and conventional surgery groups (1 and 3%, respectively; p = 0.25). No differences were seen in the incidence of stroke (p = 1.00), surgical site infections (p = 0.09), or myocardial infarction (p = 0.23), or in total hospital cost (p = 0.48). However, the minimally invasive approach was associated with fewer patients receiving transfusions (59% versus 76% in the conventional group; p = 0.001) or requiring reoperation for bleeding (3% versus 9%, respectively; p = 0.03). There were no significant differences in 5 year survival between the minithoracotomy and conventional surgery groups (93% versus 86%, respectively; p = 0.21) and freedom from mitral valve reoperation (95% versus 94%, respectively; p = 0.79). CONCLUSIONS: In patients undergoing mitral valve surgery, a minimally invasive approach is feasible, safe, and reproducible with excellent short-term outcomes; mid-term outcomes and efficacy were also seen to be comparable to conventional sternotomy.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Esternotomia , Toracotomia/métodos , Idoso , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/métodos , Pontuação de Propensão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Esternotomia/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Innovations (Phila) ; 16(5): 426-433, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34338071

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Primary benign cardiac tumors are rare disease entity that predominantly originate from the atria. Benign masses can induce heart failure, arrhythmia, or thromboembolic events. Therefore, surgical excision is often indicated. Current guidelines on the preferred approaches for resection (i.e., median sternotomy [MST] or right anterolateral thoracotomy [RAT]) are lacking. The aim of the current meta-analysis was to evaluate all studies comparing RAT to MST for excision of benign atrial masses in terms of safety, efficacy, and complications. METHODS: The PubMed and EMBASE databases were searched through 9 June 2020. Data regarding mortality, complications, recurrence, ICU stay, and length of hospital stay were extracted and submitted to meta-analysis using random effects modelling. Heterogeneity was assessed by the I 2 test. RESULTS: Four retrospective observational studies were included, including 196 patients (RAT n = 97, MST n = 99). Mortality was 0% in both groups. Recurrence was <1% in the RAT group and 0% in the MST group. Complication rate tended to be lower in favor of the RAT group. Furthermore, RAT was associated with lower length of ICU stay (-17.7 hr, P = 0.01) and hospital stay (-4.0 days, P < 0.001). No significant differences in cardiopulmonary bypass (P = 0.09) and cross-clamp times (P = 0.15) were observed. CONCLUSIONS: The RAT approach is as safe and effective as MST for the excision of benign atrial masses. Moreover, RAT is associated with a reduced complication rate and a reduced duration of hospitalization and could be considered as the preferred approach in anatomically suitable patients.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Cardíacas , Esternotomia , Neoplasias Cardíacas/cirurgia , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Toracotomia , Resultado do Tratamento
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