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1.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 608(Pt 1): 749-757, 2022 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34634547

RESUMO

Cuprous oxide (Cu2O) and cupric oxide (CuO) are widely available and low cost raw materials. Their applications as precursors for wet chemical synthesis of metallic Cu materials are greatly limited due to their insoluble in water and most organic solvents. In this work, copper superfine particles (Cu SPs) are synthesized using Cu2O and CuO as precursors via a heating process in monoethanoamine (MEA). Due to the strong coordinating character, Cu2O and CuO can be partially dissolved in MEA. The dissolved copper source is reduced by MEA at elevated temperature with the drastically releasing of NH3. As the dissolved copper source is reduced, more oxide will be dissolved and finally leads to the full reduction of Cu2O and CuO to produce the Cu SPs. The advantage of this synthesis method is that MEA acts as both the solvent and the reducing agent. The antimicrobial properties are investigated to find that the obtained Cu SPs depress the growth of Escherichia coli (E. coli) and Staphylococcus aureus (St. aureus) efficiently. More interesting, the composites produced via curing Cu2O and CuO with a small amount of MEA also exhibit excellent antimicrobial activity, indicating the MEA curing method is high-efficiency. The synthesis is low cost, high-efficiency, high atom-economy and up-scale synthesizing easily, which will benefit the wide applications of Cu SPs.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos , Cobre , Anti-Infecciosos/farmacologia , Cobre/farmacologia , Escherichia coli , Etanolamina , Óxidos
2.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 33(5): 527-530, 2021 Jun 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34791854

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effectiveness and cost of 50% and 80% wettable powder of niclosamide ethanolamine salt (NESWP) and 26% metaldehyde and niclosamide suspension concentrate (MNSC) in hilly schistosomiasis-endemic regions, so as to provide insights into the selection of chemical molluscicides in hilly regions. METHODS: In September 2020, a wasteland in Guanshanqiao Village, Yanrui Township, Yushan County of Jiangxi Province was selected as the experimental region, which was sectioned into five blocks and defined as four experimental groups (A1, A2, B, C) and a blank control group (D). 80% NESWP were given at doses of 1 g/m2 and 1.5 g/m2 in groups A1 and A2 using the spraying method, 50% NESWP was given at a dose of 2 g/m2 in Group B using the spraying method, and 26% MNSC was at a dose of 4 g/m2 in Group C using the spraying method, while no chemical treatment was given in Group D. Snail survey was performed using a systematic sampling method before chemical treatment and 1, 3, 7 d and 15 d post-treatment to examine the molluscicidal effect, and all molluscicidal costs were estimated to calculate the cost of chemical treatment per 1 m2 and the cost of the reduction in the mean density of living snails per 1%. RESULTS: The highest mortality of snails was 78.95% and the lowest density of living snails was 0.2388 snails/0.1 m2 in the experimental groups within 7 d of chemical treatment, and the highest mortality of snails was 94.74% and the lowest density of living snails was 0.058 0 snails/0.1 m2 7 d post-treatment. There were no significant differences in the snail mortality among the A1, A2, B and C groups 1 (χ2 = 2.250, P > 0.05), 3 (χ2 = 1.779, P > 0.05) or 15 d post-treatment (χ2 = 2.286, P > 0.05), while a significant difference was detected in the snail mortality among the four groups 7 d post-treatment (χ2 = 7.990, P = 0.046). In addition, there were no significant differences in the snail mortality between A1 and A2 groups 1 (χ2 = 0.724, P > 0.05), 3 (χ2 = 0.584, P > 0.05), 7 (χ2 = 0.400, P > 0.05) or 15 d post-treatment (χ2 = 0.251, P > 0.05). The costs of chemical treatment per 1 m2 were 0.58, 0.60, 0.64 Yuan and 0.73 Yuan in groups A1, A2, B and C, and the costs of the mean density of living snail per 1% reduction were 19.29, 20.44, 21.68 Yuan and 23.53 Yuan in groups A1, A2, B and C, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: 80% NESWP shows a high molluscicidal efficacy and low cost in hilly schistosomiasis-endemic regions.


Assuntos
Moluscocidas , Esquistossomose , China/epidemiologia , Custos e Análise de Custo , Etanolamina , Humanos , Moluscocidas/farmacologia , Niclosamida/farmacologia , Esquistossomose/tratamento farmacológico , Esquistossomose/epidemiologia , Esquistossomose/prevenção & controle
3.
Environ Sci Technol ; 55(22): 15313-15322, 2021 11 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34517700

RESUMO

An amine-based biphasic solvent is promising to cut down the energy penalty of CO2 capture. However, the high viscosity of the CO2-enriched solvent retards its industrial application. This work proposed a novel dual-stage phase separation process using a triethylenetetramine and 2-(diethylamino)ethanol blend as a biphasic solvent, which separates a certain proportion of CO2-enriched phase during CO2 absorption to reduce its viscosity. Experimental results showed that the proposed dual-stage phase separation process improved the phase separation behavior and effectively enhanced the absorption rate by 49% at 50 °C, when 50 vol % CO2-enriched phase was separated at 0.3 mol mol-1. Kinetic analysis showed that the absorption rate was mainly controlled by liquid-side mass transfer. The regeneration heat of the dual-stage phase separation process cut down the energy penalty by 33% compared with the monoethanolamine-based process. Compared with the conventional biphasic solvent-based process, the heat duty was further declined by 8%. The 1H nuclear magnetic resonance analysis showed that the dual-stage phase separation process could effectively control the generation of absorption products and intensify the interphase migration of tertiary amines.


Assuntos
Dióxido de Carbono , Etanolamina , Aminas , Cinética , Solventes
4.
Molecules ; 26(17)2021 Aug 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34500646

RESUMO

Arachidonylethanolamide (anandamide) acts as an endogenous ligand of cannabinoid receptors, while other N-acylethanolamines (NAEs), such as palmitylethanolamide and oleylethanolamide, show analgesic, anti-inflammatory, and appetite-suppressing effects through other receptors. In mammalian tissues, NAEs, including anandamide, are produced from glycerophospholipid via N-acyl-phosphatidylethanolamine (NAPE). The ɛ isoform of cytosolic phospholipase A2 (cPLA2) functions as an N-acyltransferase to form NAPE. Since the cPLA2 family consists of six isoforms (α, ß, γ, δ, ɛ, and ζ), the present study investigated a possible involvement of isoforms other than ɛ in the NAE biosynthesis. Firstly, when the cells overexpressing one of the cPLA2 isoforms were labeled with [14C]ethanolamine, the increase in the production of [14C]NAPE was observed only with the ɛ-expressing cells. Secondly, when the cells co-expressing ɛ and one of the other isoforms were analyzed, the increase in [14C]N-acyl-lysophosphatidylethanolamine (lysoNAPE) and [14C]NAE was seen with the combination of ɛ and γ isoforms. Furthermore, the purified cPLA2γ hydrolyzed not only NAPE to lysoNAPE, but also lysoNAPE to glycerophospho-N-acylethanolamine (GP-NAE). Thus, the produced GP-NAE was further hydrolyzed to NAE by glycerophosphodiesterase 1. These results suggested that cPLA2γ is involved in the biosynthesis of NAE by its phospholipase A1/A2 and lysophospholipase activities.


Assuntos
Etanolaminas/metabolismo , Fosfolipases A2/metabolismo , Isoformas de Proteínas/metabolismo , Aciltransferases/metabolismo , Amidas/metabolismo , Animais , Ácidos Araquidônicos/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular , Endocanabinoides/metabolismo , Etanolamina/metabolismo , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Ácidos Oleicos/metabolismo , Ácidos Palmíticos/metabolismo , Fosfatidiletanolaminas/metabolismo , Diester Fosfórico Hidrolases/metabolismo , Alcamidas Poli-Insaturadas/metabolismo
5.
Environ Sci Technol ; 55(15): 10619-10632, 2021 08 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34241997

RESUMO

As more countries commit to a net-zero GHG emission target, we need a whole energy and industrial system approach to decarbonization rather than focus on individual emitters. This paper presents a techno-economic analysis of monoethanolamine-based post-combustion capture to explore opportunities over a diverse range of power and industrial applications. The following ranges were investigated: feed gas flow rate between 1-1000 kg ·s-1, gas CO2 concentrations of 2-42%mol, capture rates of 70-99%, and interest rates of 2-20%. The economies of scale are evident when the flue gas flow rate is <20 kg ·s-1 and gas concentration is below 20%mol CO2. In most cases, increasing the capture rate from 90 to 95% has a negligible impact on capture cost, thereby reducing CO2 emissions at virtually no additional cost. The majority of the investigated space has an operating cost fraction above 50%. In these instances, reducing the cost of capital (i.e., interest rate) has a minor impact on the capture cost. Instead, it would be more beneficial to reduce steam requirements. We also provide a surrogate model which can evaluate capture cost from inputs of the gas flow rate, CO2 composition, capture rate, interest rate, steam cost, and electricity cost.


Assuntos
Aminas , Dióxido de Carbono , Eletricidade , Etanolamina , Vapor
6.
Curr Opin Microbiol ; 63: 19-28, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34107380

RESUMO

Catabolic bacterial microcompartments (BMC), or metabolosomes, are self-assembling structures formed by enzymes enclosed by porous protein shells. They provide a specialised environment inside bacterial cells separating a short catabolic pathway with reactive or toxic intermediates from the cytoplasm. Substrates for microcompartment metabolism like ethanolamine and 1,2-propanediol are constantly produced in the human intestine by bacterial metabolism of food or host cell components. Enteric pathogens gain a competitive advantage in the intestine by metabolising these substrates, an advantage enhanced by the host inflammatory response. They exploit the intestinal specificity of signature metabolosome substrates by adopting substrate sensors and regulators encoded by BMC operons for governance of non-metabolic processes in pathogenesis. In turn, products of microcompartment metabolism regulate the host immune system.


Assuntos
Bactérias , Propilenoglicol , Bactérias/genética , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Etanolamina , Humanos , Virulência
7.
Biomolecules ; 11(5)2021 04 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33946460

RESUMO

Formulations with lactate as an antimicrobial and high-pressure processing (HPP) as a lethal treatment are combined strategies used to control L. monocytogenes in cooked meat products. Previous studies have shown that when HPP is applied in products with lactate, the inactivation of L. monocytogenes is lower than that without lactate. The purpose of the present work was to identify the molecular mechanisms underlying the piezo-protection effect of lactate. Two L. monocytogenes strains (CTC1034 and EGDe) were independently inoculated in a cooked ham model medium without and with 2.8% potassium lactate. Samples were pressurized at 400 MPa for 10 min at 10 °C. Samples were subjected to RNA extraction, and a shotgun transcriptome sequencing was performed. The short exposure of L. monocytogenes cells to lactate through its inoculation in a cooked ham model with lactate 1h before HPP promoted a shift in the pathogen's central metabolism, favoring the metabolism of propanediol and ethanolamine together with the synthesis of the B12 cofactor. Moreover, the results suggest an activated methyl cycle that would promote modifications in membrane properties resulting in an enhanced resistance of the pathogen to HPP. This study provides insights on the mechanisms developed by L. monocytogenes in response to lactate and/or HPP and sheds light on the understanding of the piezo-protective effect of lactate.


Assuntos
Membrana Externa Bacteriana/efeitos dos fármacos , Ácidos Graxos/metabolismo , Ácido Láctico/farmacologia , Listeria monocytogenes/efeitos dos fármacos , Listeria monocytogenes/metabolismo , Produtos da Carne/microbiologia , Animais , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , DNA Bacteriano , Etanolamina/metabolismo , Manipulação de Alimentos/métodos , Microbiologia de Alimentos , Indústria de Processamento de Alimentos/métodos , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação Bacteriana da Expressão Gênica , Listeria monocytogenes/genética , Listeriose/microbiologia , Membranas/efeitos dos fármacos , Redes e Vias Metabólicas , Pressão , Propilenoglicóis/metabolismo , Suínos , Temperatura , Fatores de Tempo , Vitamina B 12/biossíntese
8.
Curr Opin Microbiol ; 62: 28-37, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34034083

RESUMO

Two decades of structural and functional studies have revealed functions, structures and diversity of bacterial microcompartments. The protein-based organelles encapsulate diverse metabolic pathways in semipermeable, icosahedral or pseudo-icosahedral shells. One of the first discovered and characterized microcompartments are those involved in ethanolamine degradation. This review will summarize their function and assembly along with shared and unique characteristics with other microcompartment types. The modularity and self-assembling properties of their shell proteins make them valuable targets for bioengineering. Advances and prospects for shell protein engineering in vivo and in vitro for synthetic biology and biotechnology applications will be discussed.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Bactérias , Etanolamina , Bactérias/genética , Bioengenharia , Organelas
9.
Microb Physiol ; 31(3): 233-247, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34044403

RESUMO

Soil bacteria from the genus Streptomyces, phylum Actinobacteria, feature a complex metabolism and diverse adaptations to environmental stress. These characteristics are consequences of variable nutrition availability in the soil and allow survival under changing nitrogen conditions. Streptomyces coelicolor is a model organism for Actinobacteria and is able to use nitrogen from a variety of sources including unusual compounds originating from the decomposition of dead plant and animal material, such as polyamines or monoamines (like ethanolamine). Assimilation of nitrogen from these sources in S. coelicolor remains largely unstudied. Using microbiological, biochemical and in silico approaches, it was recently possible to postulate polyamine and monoamine (ethanolamine) utilization pathways in S. coelicolor. Glutamine synthetase-like enzymes (GS-like) play a central role in these pathways. Extensive studies have revealed that these enzymes are able to detoxify polyamines or monoamines and allow the survival of S. coelicolor in soil containing an excess of these compounds. On the other hand, at low concentrations, polyamines and monoamines can be utilized as nitrogen and carbon sources. It has been demonstrated that the first step in poly-/monoamine assimilation is catalyzed by GlnA3 (a γ-glutamylpolyamine synthetase) and GlnA4 (a γ-glutamylethanolamide synthetase), respectively. First insights into the regulation of polyamine and ethanolamine metabolism have revealed that the expression of the glnA3 and the glnA4 gene are controlled on the transcriptional level.


Assuntos
Monoaminas Biogênicas/metabolismo , Glutamato-Amônia Ligase/metabolismo , Poliaminas/metabolismo , Streptomyces coelicolor , Etanolamina , Nitrogênio , Streptomyces coelicolor/enzimologia
10.
Molecules ; 26(5)2021 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33807994

RESUMO

Intestinal enteroendocrine cells (EECs) respond to fatty acids from dietary and microbial origin by releasing neurotransmitters and hormones with various paracrine and endocrine functions. Much has become known about the underlying signaling mechanisms, including the involvement of G-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs), like free fatty acids receptors (FFARs). This review focusses on two more recently emerging research lines: the roles of odorant receptors (ORs), and those of fatty acid conjugates in gut. Odorant receptors belong to a large family of GPCRs with functional roles that only lately have shown to reach beyond the nasal-oral cavity. In the intestinal tract, ORs are expressed on serotonin (5-HT) and glucagon-like-peptide-1 (GLP-1) producing enterochromaffin and enteroendocrine L cells, respectively. There, they appear to function as chemosensors of microbiologically produced short-, and branched-chain fatty acids. Another mechanism of fatty acid signaling in the intestine occurs via their conjugates. Among them, conjugates of unsaturated long chain fatty acids and acetate with 5-HT, N-acyl serotonins have recently emerged as mediators with immune-modulatory effects. In this review, novel findings in mechanisms and molecular players involved in intestinal fatty acid biology are highlighted and their potential relevance for EEC-mediated signaling to the pancreas, immune system, and brain is discussed.


Assuntos
Células Enteroendócrinas/metabolismo , Ácidos Graxos/metabolismo , Receptores Odorantes/metabolismo , Serotonina/metabolismo , Animais , Dieta , Etanolamina , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Humanos , Fatores Imunológicos/metabolismo , Intestinos/citologia , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos , Ácidos Oleicos/fisiologia , Serotonina/química , Transdução de Sinais
11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33915294

RESUMO

N-Arachidonoyl-ethanolamine (AEA) is an endocannabinoid (eCB) and endogenous lipid mimicking many of the effects of Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol, notably on brain functions, appetite, pain and inflammation. The eCBs and eCB-like compounds contain fatty acids, the main classes being the monoacylglycerols and the N-acyl-ethanolamines (NAEs). Thus, each long chain fatty acid likely exists under the form of a monoacylglycerol and NAE, as it is the case for arachidonic acid (AA) and linoleic acid (LA). Following their biosynthesis, AA and AEA can be further metabolized into additional eicosanoids, notably by the 15-lipoxygenase pathway. Thus, we postulated that NAEs possessing a 1Z,4Z-pentadiene motif, near their omega end, would be transformed into their 15-lipoxygenase metabolites. As a proof of concept, we investigated N-linoleoyl-ethanolamine (LAE). We successfully synthesized LEA and LEA-d4 as well as their 15-lipoxygenase-derived derivatives, namely 13-hydroxy-9Z,11E-octadecadienoyl-N-ethanolamine (13-HODE-EA) and 13-HODE-EA-d4, using Novozyme 435 immobilized on acrylic resin and soybean lipoxygenase respectively. We also show that both human 15-lipoxygenase-1 and -2 can biosynthesize 13-HODE-EA. Co-incubation of LEA and LA with either human 15-lipoxygenase led to the biosynthesis of 13-HODE-EA and 13-HODE in a ratio equal to or greater than 3:1, indicating that LEA is preferred to LA by these enzymes. Finally, we show that 13-HODE-EA is found in human saliva and skin and is a weak although selective TRPV1 agonist. The full biological importance of 13-HODE-EA remains to be explored.


Assuntos
Araquidonato 15-Lipoxigenase/metabolismo , Etanolamina/metabolismo , Ácidos Linoleicos/síntese química , Saliva/metabolismo , Pele/metabolismo , Técnicas de Química Sintética , Humanos , Ácidos Linoleicos/metabolismo , Ácidos Linoleicos/farmacologia , Terapia de Alvo Molecular
12.
Chemosphere ; 276: 130159, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33721628

RESUMO

Solvent-based post-combustion CO2 capture process is recently carried out using chemical absorption with aqueous blends of Monoethanolamine (MEA) and Ionic Liquids (IL) as promising solvents. In the present work, the blends of MEA and TetraButylAmmonium Hydroxide [TBA][OH] have been used for CO2 absorption and desorption process. The solubility of CO2 is investigated with aqueous mixtures for various carbon loading time by varying compositions of MEA and [TBA][OH] as 30 wt%, 28 wt%, 25 wt%, 20 wt% and 0 wt%, 2 wt%, 5 wt%, 10 wt% respectively. It increases with increasing IL concentration for all the aqueous mixtures. The solvent regeneration was also studied at different temperatures in order to recover and reuse the solvent for cyclic absorption. The slight decrease in CO2 solubility was noted for 20 wt% MEA +10 wt% [TBA][OH] mixture. However, this mixture exhibits higher absorption/desorption rate and regeneration efficiency than other mixtures. The regeneration energy of this mixture was also calculated as 28.6 kJ/mol of CO2, which is 32% less than that of baseline 30 wt% MEA. Furthermore, the physicochemical properties such as density, viscosity and surface tension for all the solvent blends were studied experimentally.


Assuntos
Dióxido de Carbono , Etanolamina , Compostos de Amônio Quaternário , Solventes
13.
Geroscience ; 43(4): 1783-1798, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33650014

RESUMO

To evaluate whether a peculiar plasma profile of fatty acids and endocannabinoidome (eCBome)-related mediators may be associated to longevity, we assessed them in octogenarians (Old; n=42) living in the east-central mountain area of Sardinia, a High-Longevity Zone (HLZ), compared to sexagenarian (Young; n=21) subjects from the same area, and to Olds (n=22) from the Northern Sardinia indicated as Lower-Longevity Zone (LLZ). We found significant increases in conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) and heptadecanoic acid (17:0) levels in Old-HLZ with respect to younger subjects and Old-LLZ subjects. Young-HLZ subjects exhibited higher circulating levels of pentadecanoic acid (15:0) and retinol. Palmitoleic acid (POA) was elevated in both Young and Old subjects from the HLZ. eCBome profile showed a significantly increased plasma level of the two endocannabinoids, N-arachidonoyl-ethanolamine (AEA) and 2-arachidonoyl-glycerol (2-AG) in Old-HLZ subjects compared to Young-HLZ and Old-LLZ respectively. In addition, we found increased N-oleoyl-ethanolamine (OEA), 2-linoleoyl-glycerol (2-LG) and 2-oleoyl-glycerol (2-OG) levels in Old-HLZ group with respect to Young-HLZ (as for OEA an d 2-LG) and both the Old-LLZ and Young-HLZ for 2-OG. The endogenous metabolite of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), N-docosahexaenoyl-ethanolamine (DHEA) was significantly increased in Old-HLZ subjects. In conclusion, our results suggest that in the HLZ area, Young and Old subjects exhibited a favourable, albeit distinctive, fatty acids and eCBome profile that may be indicative of a metabolic pattern potentially protective from adverse chronic conditions. These factors could point to a suitable physiological metabolic pattern that may counteract the adverse stimuli leading to age-related disorders such as neurodegenerative and metabolic diseases.


Assuntos
Ácidos Graxos , Longevidade , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Etanolamina , Etanolaminas , Humanos , Itália , Ácidos Oleicos
14.
J Biol Chem ; 296: 100604, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33789160

RESUMO

The membrane phospholipids phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) are synthesized de novo by the CDP-choline and CDP-ethanolamine (Kennedy) pathway, in which the extracellular substrates choline and ethanolamine are transported into the cell, phosphorylated, and coupled with diacylglycerol to form the final phospholipid product. Although multiple transport systems have been established for choline, ethanolamine transport is poorly characterized and there is no single protein assigned a transport function for ethanolamine. The solute carriers 44A (SLC44A) known as choline transporter-like proteins-1 and -2 (CTL1 and CTL2) are choline transporter at the plasma membrane and mitochondria. We report a novel function of CTL1 and CTL2 in ethanolamine transport. Using the lack or the gain of gene function in combination with specific antibodies and transport inhibitors we established two distinct ethanolamine transport systems of a high affinity, mediated by CTL1, and of a low affinity, mediated by CTL2. Both transporters are Na+-independent ethanolamine/H+ antiporters. Primary human fibroblasts with separate frameshift mutations in the CTL1 gene (M1= SLC44A1ΔAsp517 and M2= SLC44A1ΔSer126) are devoid of CTL1 ethanolamine transport but maintain unaffected CTL2 transport. The lack of CTL1 in M2 cells reduced the ethanolamine transport, the flux through the CDP-ethanolamine Kennedy pathway, and PE synthesis. In contrast, overexpression of CTL1 in M2 cells improved ethanolamine transport and PE synthesis. These data firmly establish that CTL1 and CTL2 are the first identified ethanolamine transporters in whole cells and mitochondria, with intrinsic roles in de novo PE synthesis by the Kennedy pathway and intracellular redistribution of ethanolamine.


Assuntos
Antígenos CD/metabolismo , Membrana Celular/metabolismo , Etanolamina/metabolismo , Glicoproteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Proteínas de Membrana Transportadoras/metabolismo , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Proteínas de Transporte de Cátions Orgânicos/metabolismo , Animais , Antígenos CD/química , Transporte Biológico , Linhagem Celular , Humanos , Glicoproteínas de Membrana/química , Proteínas de Membrana Transportadoras/química , Modelos Moleculares , Proteínas de Transporte de Cátions Orgânicos/química , Conformação Proteica
15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33657962

RESUMO

In this study, a lab-scale upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) reactor was applied to the treatment of artificial electronics industry wastewater containing tetramethylammonium-hydroxide (TMAH), monoethanolamine (MEA), and isopropyl-alcohol (IPA) in order to evaluate process performance and degradation properties. During 800 days of operation, 96% efficiency of chemical oxygen demand (COD) removal was stably achieved at an organic loading rate of 8.5 kgCOD/m3/day at 18-19 °C. MEA degradation, carried out by acid-forming eubacteria, was confirmed within a week. The physical properties of the retained granular sludge were degraded by feeding with TMAH wastewater, but maintained by feeding with MEA wastewater due to an accumulation of species from the genus Methanosaeta and family Geobacteraceae. Analysis of the microbial community structure via SEM and 16S rRNA genes showed a proliferation of Methanomethylovorans-like cells and Methanosaeta-like cells at the surface and in the core of the granular sludge with TMAH, MEA and IPA acclimation. Furthermore, a batch degradation experiment confirmed that process inhibition due to increasing chemical concentration was relatively stronger for TMAH than for MEA or IPA. Thus, controlling the TMAH concentration of the influent to below 1 gCOD/L will be important for the stable treatment of electronics industry wastewater by UASB technology.


Assuntos
Reatores Biológicos/microbiologia , Eletrônica , Microbiota/fisiologia , Esgotos/microbiologia , Eliminação de Resíduos Líquidos/métodos , 2-Propanol/análise , 2-Propanol/isolamento & purificação , 2-Propanol/metabolismo , Bactérias/isolamento & purificação , Bactérias/metabolismo , Etanolamina/análise , Etanolamina/isolamento & purificação , Etanolamina/metabolismo , Compostos de Amônio Quaternário/análise , Compostos de Amônio Quaternário/isolamento & purificação , Compostos de Amônio Quaternário/metabolismo , Águas Residuárias/química
16.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 28(28): 38026-38033, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33725305

RESUMO

Deep eutectic solvent (DES) was applied as the solvent of iron/alcohol amine system, and the prepared iron/ethanolamine/DES system was found to be a good desulfurizer for H2S removal. The absorbents were characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. The iron/ethanolamine/DES system showed a significantly enhanced desulfurization performance compared with DES solution of iron or alcohol amine separately. Besides, the absorbents showed relatively stable desulfurization performance, which could keep a high H2S removal efficiency in a wide temperature range from 30-90°C. The iron/ethanolamine/DES system could be recycled for at least three times. The desulfurization product was analyzed by energy dispersive spectrum and X-ray diffraction, and the desulfurization product was identified as sulfur element.


Assuntos
Etanolamina , Ferro , Solventes , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Enxofre
17.
J Oleo Sci ; 70(3): 333-339, 2021 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33583920

RESUMO

We synthesized hydrophilic amine-based protic ionic liquids (PILs) with hydroxy groups in their cations and anions, and characterized their adsorption at a solid (iron-based substrate) / aqueous solution interface. The IL samples employed in this study were triethanolamine lactate, diethanolamine lactate, and monoethanolamine lactate. Quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation monitoring (QCM-D) measurements revealed that the adsorption mass of the hydrophilic PILs was larger than that of the comparative materials, including a non-IL sample (1,2,6-hexanetriol) and an OH-free sample in the cations (triethylamine lactate). Additionally, an increase in the number of hydroxy groups in the cations resulted in an increased adsorption mass. Force curve measurements by atomic force microscopy (AFM) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) measurements proved the high adsorption density of the hydrophilic PILs on the iron-based substrate. A decreased kinetic friction coefficient was also observed in the hydrophilic PIL systems. Moreover, hydrophilic PILs are expected to have potential applications as water-soluble lubricants and additives for metal surface treatments.


Assuntos
Aminas/química , Adsorção , Ânions , Cátions , Etanolamina/química , Etanolaminas/química , Interações Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas , Hidroxilação , Lubrificantes , Solubilidade , Soluções , Água
18.
Environ Sci Technol ; 55(8): 5152-5160, 2021 04 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33492124

RESUMO

Amine emissions from a post-combustion CO2 capture process can lead to solvent loss and serious environmental issues. The emission characteristics of amine mixtures and influencing factors are seldom reported. This work comprehensively investigated emissions of AMP (2-amino-2-methyl-1-propanol)/MEA (monoethanolamine) from a 3.6 Nm3/h flue gas CO2 capture platform. The condensation nuclei in flue gas dominated the generation of amine aerosols and resulted in a heavy total amine loss of over 1400 mg/Nm3, which is equivalent to 5.88 kg/t CO2 captured under the high nuclei concentration scenario. Inside the absorber, a higher CO2 concentration and lower lean solvent CO2 loading can significantly promote the growth of aerosols due to the intensive reaction of CO2 absorption. The maximum amine emissions were observed at 8-12 vol % CO2. The flue gas temperature and liquid/gas ratio had insignificant effects on aerosol emissions, while amine emissions after the absorber increased 340-500% as the lean solvent temperature increased from 30 to 50 °C. A synergistic control strategy of nuclei pretreatment, operating optimization, and water scrubbing can effectively reduce amine emissions to 4.0 mg/Nm3 MEA and 8.3 mg/Nm3 AMP.


Assuntos
Aminas , Dióxido de Carbono , Aerossóis , Dióxido de Carbono/análise , Etanolamina , Solventes
19.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 28(15): 19285-19297, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33394392

RESUMO

Vapour-liquid equilibrium (VLE) of CO2 in aqueous dipropylenetriamine (DPTA) is investigated experimentally using a stirred equilibrium cell setup. Equilibrium solubility of CO2 is measured in the temperature and pressure range of (313-333) K and (1-100) kPa respectively. Composition of aqueous DPTA solvent used for the absorption study is in the range of (5-15) mass%. Experimental data shows higher CO2 loading capacity of this solvent compared to conventional solvents like monoethanolamine (MEA), 2-amino-2-methyl-1-propanol (AMP), and N-methyldiethanolamine (MDEA) as well as recently developed polyamine solvents like aminoethylethanolamine (AEEA), piperazine (PZ), and hexamethylenediamine (HMDA). Experimental VLE data is then correlated using the electrolyte non-random two-liquid (e-NRTL) theory which is an activity coefficient-based model for the electrolyte system. Data regression system (DRS) in Aspen Plus® (V8.8) is employed to fit the e-NRTL model equation with the experimental data by regressing the model parameters. Model-predicted data is found to be in good agreement with the experimental VLE data with an average absolute deviation of 22.3%. Performance of aqueous DPTA solvent is also analysed by predicting solvent capacity, equilibrium liquid-phase speciation, and heat of CO2 absorption using the newly developed e-NRTL model for the investigated system.


Assuntos
Dióxido de Carbono , Gases , Etanolamina , Temperatura , Água
20.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 28(5): 5822-5832, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32975752

RESUMO

To high efficiently remove H2S from low partial pressure coke oven gas (COG), a novel activator (tetramethylammonium arginine, [N1111][Arg]) was used to blend with N-methyldiethanolamine (MDEA) for the absorption of H2S. High concentrated [N1111][Arg]-MDEA aqueous solution was used as absorbent. Thermodynamic properties including absorption amount and H2S loading values were measured, then the kinetic apparent absorption rate was calculated based on the change of absorption amount with time. The removal efficiency of H2S in simulated COG was verified in tray towers. Compared with monoethanolamine (MEA)-MDEA and tetramethylammonium glycinate ([N1111][Gly])-MDEA aqueous solutions, [N1111][Arg]-MDEA aqueous solution takes advantages of higher absorption capacity, absorption rate and removal efficiency. Our results showed that the proposed absorbent has good industrial application prospect in coke oven gas desulfurization, because it achieved 100% removal of H2S in the tray tower containing only 4 sieve plates under high concentrated condition (water content < 45%), which may significantly decrease the energy consumption.


Assuntos
Coque , Etanolamina , Pressão Parcial
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