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1.
Hum Reprod ; 39(6): 1222-1230, 2024 Jun 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38600625

RESUMO

STUDY QUESTION: What are the costs and effects of tubal patency testing by hysterosalpingo-foam sonography (HyFoSy) compared to hysterosalpingography (HSG) in infertile women during the fertility work-up? SUMMARY ANSWER: During the fertility work-up, clinical management based on the test results of HyFoSy leads to slightly lower, though not statistically significant, live birth rates, at lower costs, compared to management based on HSG results. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Traditionally, tubal patency testing during the fertility work-up is performed by HSG. The FOAM trial, formally a non-inferiority study, showed that management decisions based on the results of HyFoSy resulted in a comparable live birth rate at 12 months compared to HSG (46% versus 47%; difference -1.2%, 95% CI: -3.4% to 1.5%; P = 0.27). Compared to HSG, HyFoSy is associated with significantly less pain, it lacks ionizing radiation and exposure to iodinated contrast medium. Moreover, HyFoSy can be performed by a gynaecologist during a one-stop fertility work-up. To our knowledge, the costs of both strategies have never been compared. STUDY DESIGN, SIZE, DURATION: We performed an economic evaluation alongside the FOAM trial, a randomized multicenter study conducted in the Netherlands. Participating infertile women underwent, both HyFoSy and HSG, in a randomized order. The results of both tests were compared and women with discordant test results were randomly allocated to management based on the results of one of the tests. The follow-up period was twelve months. PARTICIPANTS/MATERIALS, SETTING, METHODS: We studied 1160 infertile women (18-41 years) scheduled for tubal patency testing. The primary outcome was ongoing pregnancy leading to live birth. The economic evaluation compared costs and effects of management based on either test within 12 months. We calculated incremental cost-effectiveness ratios (ICERs): the difference in total costs and chance of live birth. Data were analyzed using the intention to treat principle. MAIN RESULTS AND THE ROLE OF CHANCE: Between May 2015 and January 2019, 1026 of the 1160 women underwent both tubal tests and had data available: 747 women with concordant results (48% live births), 136 with inconclusive results (40% live births), and 143 with discordant results (41% had a live birth after management based on HyFoSy results versus 49% with live birth after management based on HSG results). When comparing the two strategies-management based on HyfoSy results versus HSG results-the estimated chance of live birth was 46% after HyFoSy versus 47% after HSG (difference -1.2%; 95% CI: -3.4% to 1.5%). For the procedures itself, HyFoSy cost €136 and HSG €280. When costs of additional fertility treatments were incorporated, the mean total costs per couple were €3307 for the HyFoSy strategy and €3427 for the HSG strategy (mean difference €-119; 95% CI: €-125 to €-114). So, while HyFoSy led to lower costs per couple, live birth rates were also slightly lower. The ICER was €10 042, meaning that by using HyFoSy instead of HSG we would save €10 042 per each additional live birth lost. LIMITATIONS, REASONS FOR CAUTION: When interpreting the results of this study, it needs to be considered that there was a considerable uncertainty around the ICER, and that the direct fertility enhancing effect of both tubal patency tests was not incorporated as women underwent both tubal patency tests in this study. WIDER IMPLICATION OF THE FINDINGS: Compared to clinical management based on HSG results, management guided by HyFoSy leads to slightly lower live birth rates (though not statistically significant) at lower costs, less pain, without ionizing radiation and iodinated contrast exposure. Further research on the comparison of the direct fertility-enhancing effect of both tubal patency tests is needed. STUDY FUNDING/COMPETING INTEREST(S): FOAM trial was an investigator-initiated study, funded by ZonMw, a Dutch organization for Health Research and Development (project number 837001504). IQ Medical Ventures provided the ExEm®-FOAM kits free of charge. The funders had no role in study design, collection, analysis, and interpretation of the data. K.D. reports travel-and speakers fees from Guerbet and her department received research grants from Guerbet outside the submitted work. H.R.V. received consulting-and travel fee from Ferring. A.M.v.P. reports received consulting fee from DEKRA and fee for an expert meeting from Ferring, both outside the submitted work. C.H.d.K. received travel fee from Merck. F.J.M.B. received a grant from Merck and speakers fee from Besins Healthcare. F.J.M.B. is a member of the advisory board of Merck and Ferring. J.v.D. reported speakers fee from Ferring. J.S. reports a research agreement with Takeda and consultancy for Sanofi on MR of motility outside the submitted work. M.v.W. received a travel grant from Oxford Press in the role of deputy editor for Human Reproduction and participates in a DSMB as independent methodologist in obstetrics studies in which she has no other role. B.W.M. received an investigator grant from NHMRC GNT1176437. B.W.M. reports consultancy for ObsEva, Merck, Guerbet, iGenomix, and Merck KGaA and travel support from Merck KGaA. V.M. received research grants from Guerbet, Merck, and Ferring and travel and speakers fees from Guerbet. The other authors do not report conflicts of interest. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: International Clinical Trials Registry Platform No. NTR4746.


Assuntos
Testes de Obstrução das Tubas Uterinas , Histerossalpingografia , Infertilidade Feminina , Ultrassonografia , Humanos , Feminino , Histerossalpingografia/métodos , Histerossalpingografia/economia , Infertilidade Feminina/terapia , Infertilidade Feminina/economia , Adulto , Gravidez , Testes de Obstrução das Tubas Uterinas/métodos , Testes de Obstrução das Tubas Uterinas/economia , Ultrassonografia/economia , Ultrassonografia/métodos , Análise Custo-Benefício , Taxa de Gravidez , Nascido Vivo , Coeficiente de Natalidade
2.
Ultrasound Q ; 40(1): 61-65, 2024 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37771069

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Transvaginal 4-D hysterosalpingo-contrast sonography (TV 4-D HyCoSy) plays an important role in the detection and diagnosis of clinical female infertility. The purposes of this study were to analyze the influencing factors of TV 4murD HyCoSy complicated with contrast agent reflux and to provide evidence for clinical diagnosis and treatment. Female patients diagnosed as infertility by transvaginal hysterosalpingography from January 2021 to December 2022 were included. The characteristics of patients with and without contrast agent reflux were evaluated. Pearson correlation and logistic regression were conducted to analyze the related factors affecting the occurrence of contrast reflux. A total of 416 patients undergoing TV 4-D HyCoSy were included, and the incidence of contrast agent reflux in patients undergoing TV 4-D HyCoSy was 38.94%. Pearson correlation analysis results indicated that history of uterine cavity operation ( r = 0.556), adenomyosis of uterus ( r = 0.584), examination on less than 5 days after menstruation ( r = 0.602), endometrial thickness ( r = 0.566), and endometrial polyps ( r = 0.575) are all correlated with contrast agent reflux in patients undergoing 4-D HyCoSy (all P < 0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that history of uterine cavity operation (odds ratio [OR], 1.109; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.012-1.872), adenomyosis of uterus (OR, 2.026; 95% CI, 1.864-2.425), examination on less than 5 days after menstruation (OR, 2.465; 95% CI, 2.118-2.851), endometrial thickness less than 6 mm (OR, 2.866; 95% CI, 2.095-2.957), and endometrial polyps (OR, 1.587; 95% CI, 1.137-1.744) were the influencing factors of contrast agent reflux in patients undergoing (all P < 0.05). The incidence of contrast agent reflux in TV 4-D HyCoSy is high, and there are many influencing factors. Clinical medical workers should take early measures based on these influencing factors to reduce the contrast agent reflux.


Assuntos
Adenomiose , Infertilidade Feminina , Humanos , Feminino , Meios de Contraste , Tubas Uterinas/diagnóstico por imagem , Testes de Obstrução das Tubas Uterinas/métodos , Capacidades de Enfrentamento , Histerossalpingografia/métodos , Infertilidade Feminina/diagnóstico por imagem , Ultrassonografia/métodos
3.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 44: e258946, 2024.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos | ID: biblio-1558745

RESUMO

Este trabalho tem o objetivo de analisar as concepções de maternidade para mulheres inférteis de diferentes níveis socioeconômicos que estão em tratamento de reprodução assistida. Trata-se de um estudo qualitativo, descritivo, que utilizou como instrumento uma entrevista semiestruturada e contemplou temas como o significado de família, desejo/expectativas sobre filho e gestação e expectativas sobre a maternidade. Participaram da pesquisa 48 mulheres inférteis acima de 35 anos que usam tecnologias de reprodução assistida de alta complexidade em instituições privada e pública. Os dados foram tratados pela análise de conteúdo em que emergiram os temas: representações sociais da família; representações sociais da maternidade; expectativas com a gestação e os modelos maternos; e o filho imaginado. As participantes representaram a família de forma positiva, como um sistema de suporte, de fundação e origem de amor, configurando-a como um laço social. Por outro lado, as concepções de família com base na consanguinidade também estiveram presentes, representando a família pela perpetuação da espécie e pela importância do laço biológico. A maternidade foi marcada por significativa idealização, sendo vista como um papel gratificante e de realização da feminilidade. O peso da cobrança social para procriar também foi sentido como um dever a cumprir e que, na impossibilidade de se realizar, gera sentimentos de inferioridade, menos-valia, impotência e inadequação perante a sociedade, o que reforça o estigma da infertilidade. Tais resultados apontam a importância de reflexões sobre o papel da mulher na nossa cultura, visto que a maternidade é ainda utilizada como medida para o sucesso ou fracasso feminino. Faz-se necessário também refletir sobre a possibilidade da maior inserção do trabalho psicológico na reprodução assistida, visto a carga emocional e social envolvidas nesse processo.(AU)


This study aimed to analyze the conceptions of motherhood for infertile women from different socioeconomic levels who are undergoing assisted reproduction treatment. This is a qualitative and descriptive study that used a semi-structured interview as an instrument and included topics such as the meaning of family and desires/expectations about the child, pregnancy, and motherhood. A total of 48 infertile women over 35 years of ages using high-complexity assisted reproductive technologies in private and public institutions participated in this research. The data were treated by content analysis in which the following themes emerged: family social representations; social representations of motherhood; expectations with pregnancy and maternal models; and the imagined son. Participants represented the family in a positive way as a support system and the foundation and origin of love, embracing the family as a social bond. On the other hand, the family concepts based on inbreeding were also present, representing the family by perpetuation of the species and the importance of biological bonds. Motherhood was marked by significant idealization, being seen as a gratifying role and the fulfillment of femininity. The weight of the social demand to procreate was also felt as a duty to be fulfilled that, in the impossibility of carrying it out, generates feelings of inferiority, worthlessness, impotence, and inadequacy toward society, which reinforce the stigma of infertility. Results point to the necessary reflections on the role of women and our culture since Motherhood is still used as a measure of female success or failure. They also point to a reflection on the possibility of greater inclusion of psychological work in assisted reproduction given the emotional and social burden involved in this process.(AU)


Este estudio tuvo como objetivo analizar las concepciones de maternidad de mujeres infértiles, de diferentes niveles socioeconómicos, que se encuentran en tratamiento de reproducción asistida. Se trata de un estudio cualitativo, descriptivo, que utilizó como instrumento una entrevista semiestructurada e incluyó temas como el sentido de la familia, deseos/expectativas sobre el hijo y el embarazo y expectativas sobre la maternidad. Participaron en la investigación un total de 48 mujeres infértiles, mayores de 35 años, usuarias de tecnologías de reproducción asistida de alta complejidad en instituciones públicas y privadas. Los datos se sometieron a análisis de contenido del cual surgieron los temas: representaciones sociales familiares; representaciones sociales de la maternidad; expectativas con el embarazo y modelos maternos; hijo imaginado. Las participantes representaron a la familia de manera positiva, como sistema de apoyo, fundamento y origen del amor, configurándola como vínculo social. Por otro lado, también estuvieron presentes las concepciones familiares basadas en la consanguinidad, representando a la familia para la perpetuación de la especie y la importancia del vínculo biológico. La maternidad estuvo marcada por una importante idealización, vista como un rol gratificante y de realización de la feminidad. También se sintió el peso de la demanda social de procrear como un deber que cumplir y que, ante la imposibilidad de realizarlo, genera sentimientos de inferioridad, desvalorización, impotencia e inadecuación en la sociedad, lo que refuerza el estigma de la infertilidad. Por tanto, son necesarias reflexiones sobre el papel de la mujer en nuestra cultura, ya que la maternidad se sigue utilizando como medida del éxito o fracaso femenino. También se reflexiona sobre la posibilidad de una mayor inclusión del trabajo psicológico en la reproducción asistida dada la carga emocional y social que implica este proceso.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Gravidez , Reprodução , Família , Poder Familiar , Representação Social , Infertilidade Feminina , Ansiedade , Detecção da Ovulação , Indução da Ovulação , Óvulo , Transporte do Óvulo , Relações Pais-Filho , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente , Pacientes , Manutenção da Gravidez , Gravidez Múltipla , Preconceito , Psicologia , Qualidade de Vida , Autoimagem , Sexo , Abstinência Sexual , Vergonha , Logro , Identificação Social , Transporte Espermático , Espermatozoides , Tabu , Tempo , Tabagismo , Sistema Urogenital , Útero , Características da População , Estratégias de Saúde Nacionais , Trabalho de Parto , Gravidez , Resultado da Gravidez , Preparações Farmacêuticas , Adoção , Divórcio , Casamento , Fertilização in vitro , Infecções Sexualmente Transmissíveis , Educação Infantil , Características da Família , Fatores de Risco , Doença Inflamatória Pélvica , Técnicas Reprodutivas , Idade Gestacional , Coito , Gravidez de Alto Risco , Doação de Oócitos , Consanguinidade , Anticoncepção , Sexualidade , Terapia de Casal , Afeto , Ameaça de Aborto , Infecção Pélvica , Hereditariedade , Padrões de Herança , Previsão da Ovulação , Depressão , Direitos Sexuais e Reprodutivos , Diagnóstico , Sonhos , Alcoolismo , Transferência Embrionária , Endometriose , Estado Conjugal , Mercado de Trabalho , Testes de Obstrução das Tubas Uterinas , Conflito Familiar , Relações Familiares , Fantasia , Medo , Doenças Urogenitais Femininas e Complicações na Gravidez , Masculinidade , Comportamento Sedentário , Consumo Excessivo de Bebidas Alcoólicas , Esperança , Normas Sociais , Desvalorização pelo Atraso , Inquéritos sobre o Uso de Métodos Contraceptivos , Trauma Psicológico , Concepção por Doadores , Estilo de Vida Saudável , Eficácia de Contraceptivos , Contracepção Reversível de Longo Prazo , Construção Social do Gênero , Expressão de Gênero , Necessidades Específicas do Gênero , Frustração , Constrangimento , Tristeza , Regulação Emocional , Angústia Psicológica , Empoderamento , Varicocele , Pertencimento , Apoio Familiar , Exaustão Emocional , Culpa , Felicidade , Imaginação , Infertilidade Masculina , Inseminação Artificial Homóloga , Laboratórios , Estilo de Vida , Solidão , Troca Materno-Fetal , Medicina , Obesidade
4.
Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol ; 63(4): 577-582, 2023 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37185818

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Transvaginal hysterosalpingo-foam sonography (HyFoSy) assesses tubal patency in an outpatient setting and without ionising radiation, unlike traditional hysterosalpingography (HSG) under fluoroscopy. Like HSG, HyFoSy may be complicated by uterine intramural contrast leak, leading to venous intravasation. Intravasation of particulate contrast agents risks pulmonary or cerebral emboli. AIMS: We aimed to assess the intravasation rate of HyFoSy using ExEm® Foam and association with endometrial thickness, ExEm® Foam volume, uterine length, adenomyosis severity, uterine morphology or pain score. METHODS: An ethics-approved retrospective study on all HyFoSy examinations between 23 January 2018 and 27 October 2021 on sub-fertile patients, trying to conceive. Initial transvaginal sonography confirmed anatomy, uterine morphology, adenomyosis severity and endometrial thickness. Subspecialist radiologists performed HyFoSy with sonographer assistance. Intravasation was identified in real time but also checked for afterwards. Patients were asked to rate instillation pain/discomfort from one to ten immediately afterward. RESULTS: Four hundred and thirty-six (n = 436) patients met inclusion criteria. Thirty (6.9%) experienced intravasation. Endometrial thickness and pain score were associated with intravasation. For every millimetre increase in endometrial thickness, the odds of intravasation decreased by 26% (P = 0.010). For every point increase on the pain scale, the odds of intravasation increased by 22% (P = 0.032). There was no evidence of an association between instilled ExEm® Foam volume or the other previously published parameters with intravasation. CONCLUSION: A 6.9% rate of intravasation was observed. Both endometrial thickness and pain score were significantly associated with intravasation. There was no evidence of an association between ExEm® Foam volume and intravasation.


Assuntos
Adenomiose , Infertilidade Feminina , Feminino , Humanos , Tubas Uterinas/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Infertilidade Feminina/etiologia , Histerossalpingografia/efeitos adversos , Ultrassonografia , Dor/etiologia , Meios de Contraste , Testes de Obstrução das Tubas Uterinas/efeitos adversos
5.
J Ultrasound Med ; 42(7): 1587-1594, 2023 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36637120

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To analyze the risk factors of sulfur hexafluoride microbubble contrast agent intravasation during hysterosalpingo-contrast sonography (HyCoSy), and to explore a simple prediction model by the obvious clinical history. METHODS: This was a retrospective study included 299 infertility women who had undergone HyCoSy examination from July 1, 2018 to June 31, 2019. The factors were recorded, including age, endometrial thickness, balloon length, infertility type, history of intrauterine surgery, history of pelvic surgery, and tubal patency. The method of multivariate logistic regression analysis was adopted to analyze the risk factors affecting the contrast agent intravasation, and the receiver operating characteristic curves were plotted to test their efficacy. RESULTS: Secondary infertility, a history of intrauterine surgery, thin endometrial thickness, and tubal obstruction were all risk factors of the occurrence of intravasation (P < .05). And the area under the receiver operating characteristic curves of the multifactor-combined prediction model of the intravasation was significantly larger than that of single-factor. CONCLUSIONS: Sonographers and gynecologists should be familiar with the risk factors of intravasation and select the appropriate timing of HyCoSy toward reducing the occurrence of intravasation and other complications after thoroughly explaining and communicating with the patients.


Assuntos
Meios de Contraste , Infertilidade Feminina , Humanos , Feminino , Meios de Contraste/efeitos adversos , Hexafluoreto de Enxofre , Tubas Uterinas/diagnóstico por imagem , Histerossalpingografia/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Microbolhas , Testes de Obstrução das Tubas Uterinas/métodos , Ultrassonografia/métodos , Fatores de Risco , Infertilidade Feminina/diagnóstico por imagem , Infertilidade Feminina/etiologia
6.
J Ultrasound Med ; 42(1): 7-15, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35441714

RESUMO

This study aimed to evaluate the diagnostic value of HyCoSy using sulfur hexafluoride microbubbles for fallopian tubal patency assessment in infertile females. Twenty-four studies, including 1358 females with 2661 detected fallopian tubes published from January 2003 to May 2019, were identified. The pooled sensitivity was 93% (95% CI: 90-95%), while the specificity was 90% (95% CI: 87-92%). The area under the receiver-operating characteristic curve was 0.96 (95% CI: 94-98%). The specificity of the four-dimensional HyCoSy subgroup was higher than the 2D/3D subgroup; an increased dose of contrast agent did not affect the specificity, with only a slightly reduced sensitivity.


Assuntos
Tubas Uterinas , Infertilidade Feminina , Feminino , Humanos , Tubas Uterinas/diagnóstico por imagem , Hexafluoreto de Enxofre , Histerossalpingografia/métodos , Testes de Obstrução das Tubas Uterinas/métodos , Microbolhas , Meios de Contraste , Ultrassonografia/métodos
7.
Comput Math Methods Med ; 2022: 7508880, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36164612

RESUMO

Methods: Forty subjects who underwent routine two-dimensional (2D) vaginal ultrasound, three-dimensional HyCoSy (3D-HyCoSy), and four-dimensional HyCoSy (4D-HyCoSy) examinations from January 2021 to July 2022 at the ultrasound department of Pukou Branch of Jiangsu Province Hospital were enrolled to this study. Fallopian tubal recanalization by hydrotubation (FTRH) was used as the gold standard to compare the efficacy of 2D vaginal ultrasound, 3D-HyCoSy, and 4D-HyCoSy in assessing the subjects for the presence of polyps, myomas, and other occupants in the uterine cavity or uterine adhesions. Results: A total of 18 cases of uterine cavity lesions, 11 of pelvic lesions, and 11 of ovarian lesions were identified by FTRH, while 80 fallopian tubes were found in 40 patients and 71 tubal obstructions were detected by FTRH. Vaginal ultrasound assessment of uterine cavity, pelvis, ovarian lesions, and tubal obstruction was moderately consistent with FTRH (Kappa = 0.616, 0.673, 0.654, and 0.640), 3D-HyCoSy was in good agreement with FTRH (Kappa = 0.812, 0.910, 0.906, and 0.894), and 4D-HyCoSy was in good agreement with FTRH (Kappa = 0.914, 0.903, 1.000, and 0.942), with 4D-HyCoSy being in good agreement with FTRH had the highest agreement. Conclusion: 4D-HyCoSy can be used as an effective tool for clinical diagnosis of female tubal obstruction infertility and provide a reference basis for the design of subsequent clinical treatment plans.


Assuntos
Doenças das Tubas Uterinas , Infertilidade Feminina , Cistos Ovarianos , Neoplasias Ovarianas , Meios de Contraste , Doenças das Tubas Uterinas/diagnóstico por imagem , Testes de Obstrução das Tubas Uterinas/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Histerossalpingografia/métodos , Imageamento Tridimensional/métodos , Infertilidade Feminina/diagnóstico por imagem , Ultrassonografia/métodos
8.
Reprod Biomed Online ; 45(5): 839-842, 2022 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35842356

RESUMO

Current evidence suggests that the hysterosalpingo-foam sonography test (HyFoSy) has emerged as a new option to make Fallopian tube assessment easier. Several published studies have compared the different types of tubal patency test available with the accepted gold standard, laparoscopy and dye, endorsing the advantages of HyFoSy over the other techniques. However, the authors wonder why professionals nowadays do not indicate HyFoSy as a first-choice diagnostic tool, with X-ray hysterosalpingography as still the most recommended procedure in outpatients. The aim of this article is to highlight the latest updates on this topic in order to raise awareness of the benefits of hysterosalpingo-contrast sonography as well as provide some tips for performing HyFoSy to obtain the maximum information in a single consultation.


Assuntos
Infertilidade Feminina , Laparoscopia , Feminino , Humanos , Histerossalpingografia/métodos , Testes de Obstrução das Tubas Uterinas/métodos , Tubas Uterinas/diagnóstico por imagem , Ultrassonografia/métodos , Infertilidade Feminina/diagnóstico por imagem
9.
Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol ; 62(5): 755-760, 2022 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35719021

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Up to 30% of female infertility can be attributed to tubal abnormalities. Assessment of fallopian tube patency forms a component of the basic assessment of infertility. Tubal patency can be checked through hysterosalpingogram (HSG) under radiologic guidance with oil- or water-based contrast medium (OBCM or WBCM), or hystero-salpingo contrast sonography (HyCoSy) under ultrasound guidance with WBCM. Tubal flushing with OBCM has been shown to improve fertility rates. OBJECTIVES: To study the feasibility and tolerability of performing Lipiodol (ethiodised oil) flush concurrently with HyCoSy. To examine the in vivo sonographic visibility of Lipiodol vs normal saline. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective observational study of patients with subfertility referred for Lipiodol flushing under ultrasound guidance between August 2017-September 2020 at six private ultrasound practices in Sydney, Australia. RESULTS: There were 412 patients who were referred for Lipiodol flushing. Of these, 86 patients did not have concurrent Lipiodol flush at HyCoSy performed due to strict exclusion criteria. Of the 326 patients who proceeded with Lipiodol flushing at HyCoSy, all cases were successful, with no cases of extravasation. There were no major complications. In vivo sonographic visualisation of Lipiodol was similar to that of the commonly used agitated 0.9% saline (n = 20; mean visibility score 4.3 ± 0.9 vs 4.0 ± 1.2). CONCLUSION: Our study has shown that Lipiodol flushing at time of HyCoSy as a single procedure is feasible and tolerable to patients. Flushing with Lipioidol during HyCoSy is likely as sonographically visible as 0.9% saline.


Assuntos
Testes de Obstrução das Tubas Uterinas , Infertilidade Feminina , Meios de Contraste , Óleo Etiodado , Testes de Obstrução das Tubas Uterinas/métodos , Tubas Uterinas/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Histerossalpingografia/efeitos adversos , Histerossalpingografia/métodos , Solução Salina , Ultrassonografia/métodos , Água
10.
Fertil Steril ; 118(1): 19-28, 2022 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35725118

RESUMO

The high efficacy of modern assisted reproductive technology (ART) and increase in the number of noninfertile patients who are using ART for family building in the United States call into question the relevance of the standard, one-size-fits-all infertility evaluation. Here, we explore whether all patients presenting for ART need uterine cavity and tubal assessment and what tests are most appropriate, efficient, and cost-effective in current times.


Assuntos
Infertilidade Feminina , Laparoscopia , Meios de Contraste , Testes de Obstrução das Tubas Uterinas , Tubas Uterinas/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Histerossalpingografia , Infertilidade Feminina/diagnóstico , Infertilidade Feminina/terapia , Técnicas de Reprodução Assistida , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Ultrassonografia
11.
Arch Gynecol Obstet ; 306(3): 893-900, 2022 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35635620

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Hysterosalpingo-contrast sonography (HyCoSy) is the preferred method for evaluating fallopian tubal patency, and it is associated with improved rates of natural pregnancy among infertile patients. However, the mechanism underlying the improvement in pregnancy rates following HyCoSy remains unclear. This study aimed to investigate the effect of HyCoSy examination on endometrial receptivity as well as pregnancy rates among infertile women. METHODS: This prospective study included 120 women with unexplained infertility who visited our department between June 2018 and February 2021. These patients were classified into the study group (n = 60) and the control group (n = 60) depending on their willingness to undergo three-dimensional HyCoSy in the present cycle (study group) or 6 months later (control group). Endometrial characteristics, including endometrial thickness and pattern as well as the endometrial blood flow distribution pattern, were measured twice by transvaginal Doppler ultrasonography in the preovulatory phase before and after HyCoSy examination. Participants were followed for 6 months to observe the outcome of spontaneous conception. RESULTS: Compared with the control group, the study group had a significantly higher cumulative pregnancy rate at 6 months after HyCoSy (21.6% [13/60] vs 5.0% [3/60], P = 0.007). More patients in the study group showed improved endometrial blood flow distribution (P = 0.021, χ2 = 7.699), but no differences in endometrial thickness and pattern were observed between the groups (P > 0.05). CONCLUSION: HyCoSy examination may improve endometrial perfusion and has a therapeutic effect on improving spontaneous pregnancy among women with unexplained infertility.


Assuntos
Testes de Obstrução das Tubas Uterinas , Infertilidade Feminina , Meios de Contraste , Testes de Obstrução das Tubas Uterinas/métodos , Tubas Uterinas/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Histerossalpingografia/métodos , Imageamento Tridimensional/métodos , Infertilidade Feminina/diagnóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Ultrassonografia/métodos
12.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 22(1): 395, 2022 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35525936

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To investigate the safety and effectiveness of tubal inflammatory drugs in patients with incomplete tubal obstruction of at least one side after four-dimensional hysterosalpingo-contrast-sonography (4D-HyCoSy) examination. METHODS: Two hundred fifteen cases of tubal incomplete obstruction were diagnosed by ultrasonography from February 2019 to November 2020.According to retrospective analysis,the patients in this study were divided into experimental and control groups; the experimental group combined with salpingitis drugs, and the control group received blank control. Basic information, degree of pain, postoperative complications, and pregnancy rate were then compared between the two groups. RESULTS: Compared with the control group, there was no significant difference in the basic information; in preoperative, intraoperative, or postoperative pain; or in postoperative complications (P > 0.05). The cumulative pregnancy rate of the experimental group (26.8%) was statistically different from that of the control group (14.4%) (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: We observed that for infertile patients with incomplete obstruction of at least one fallopian tube as diagnosed by contrast-enhanced ultrasonography, salpingitis-treatment drugs effectively improved the pregnancy rate postoperatively, with high effectiveness and safety. This regimen is thus worthy of further investigation and promotion in the future.


Assuntos
Doenças das Tubas Uterinas , Infertilidade Feminina , Salpingite , Meios de Contraste/efeitos adversos , Doenças das Tubas Uterinas/complicações , Doenças das Tubas Uterinas/diagnóstico por imagem , Testes de Obstrução das Tubas Uterinas/efeitos adversos , Testes de Obstrução das Tubas Uterinas/métodos , Tubas Uterinas/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Histerossalpingografia/efeitos adversos , Histerossalpingografia/métodos , Imageamento Tridimensional/métodos , Infertilidade Feminina/diagnóstico , Infertilidade Feminina/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos , Salpingite/complicações , Salpingite/diagnóstico por imagem , Ultrassonografia/métodos
13.
Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol ; 271: 219-222, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35231747

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the clinical pregnancy rate following sequential hydrosonography and hysterosalpingo-foam sonography (HyFoSy) in tubal patency assessment among women undergoing infertility work-up. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective follow-up of women referred to our department between July 2019 and October 2020. Sequential hydrosonography and HyFoSy were carried out. RESULTS: Out of 250 having the procedure, 100 women were excluded from study due to limited infertility, semen abnormal or not examined, evaluation for social egg freezing or they were single. Of the remaining 150 women, 48 (32%) conceived during a 10-24 months follow-up period: 17 (11%) conceived naturally and 7 (4.7%) by IUI. The mean time to conception was 5.5 ± 5.4 months and the pregnancy rate was 52% within 6 months. Among the spontaneous pregnancies 47% occurred within a month and 76% within 3 months. CONCLUSION: Sequential hydrosonography and HyFoSy is a promising method for assessing the uterine cavity and tubal patency in women undergoing infertility workup. The findings suggest that the procedure may increase the chance of a spontaneous pregnancy following the procedure. Given the other known advantages of sequential hydrosonography and HyFoSy, this test is worth including in the initial workup for infertile patients.


Assuntos
Infertilidade Feminina , Meios de Contraste , Testes de Obstrução das Tubas Uterinas/métodos , Tubas Uterinas/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Histerossalpingografia/métodos , Infertilidade Feminina/diagnóstico por imagem , Gravidez , Taxa de Gravidez , Estudos Prospectivos , Ultrassonografia/métodos
15.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 101(3): e28532, 2022 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35060509

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the diagnostic performance of magnetic resonance hysterosalpingography (MR-HSG) for fallopian tubal occlusion in the context of female infertility when compared to the diagnostic performance of hysterosalpingosonography in evaluation of fallopian tubal occlusion of female infertility. METHODS: We will search PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, and Chinese biomedical databases from their inceptions to the October 31, 2021, without language restrictions. Two authors will independently carry out searching literature records, scanning titles and abstracts, full texts, collecting data, and assessing risk of bias. Review Manager 5.2 and Stata14.0 software will be used for data analysis. RESULTS: This systematic review will investigate whether MR-HSG has more diagnostic value than hysterosalpingosonography in evaluation of fallopian tubal occlusion of female infertility. CONCLUSION: Our meta-analysis indicated MR-HSG may serve as an alternative for further evaluation of fallopian tubal occlusion of female infertility. SYSTEMATIC REVIEW REGISTRATION: INPLASY2021110050.


Assuntos
Doenças das Tubas Uterinas/diagnóstico por imagem , Histerossalpingografia/métodos , Infertilidade Feminina/etiologia , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Doenças das Tubas Uterinas/complicações , Testes de Obstrução das Tubas Uterinas/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Metanálise como Assunto , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto
16.
Hum Fertil (Camb) ; 25(1): 43-55, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32484066

RESUMO

In this meta-analysis, we aimed to compare the diagnostic accuracy of 2D- and 3D/4D-HyCoSy for the assessment of tubal occlusion in women with infertility, using a laparoscopic tubal chromoperturbation dye test as the reference standard. Studies assessing 2D- and 3D/4D-HyCoSy for the assessment of tubal occlusion in women with infertility were searched from January 1990 to April 2019 using Medline and Web of Science databases by three of the authors, using the terms: 'hysterosalpingo-contrast-sonography', 'sonohysterosalpingography', 'HyCoSy', 'HyFoSy', 'three-dimensional', 'four-dimensional', 'ultrasound', 'tubal patency' and 'tubal occlusion'. Data quality was determined using the QUADAS-2 tool. Thirty articles were included; twenty-one studies used 2D-HyCoSy to assess tubal occlusion, six used 3D/4D-HyCoSy, one study used both techniques but in a different set of patients and two used both techniques in the same patients. The risk of bias for most studies was low as determined by QUADAS-2, except for the patient selection domain. Overall, pooled estimated sensitivity and specificity of 2D-HyCoSy were 86% (95% CI = 80%-91%) and 94% (95% CI = 90%-96%), respectively. The corresponding figures for 3D/4D HyCoSy were 95% (95% CI = 89%-98%) and 89% (95% CI = 82%-94%). High heterogeneity was found for both sensitivity and specificity. No statistically significant differences were found between the methods (p = 0.13). We concluded that 2D-HyCoSy has a similar diagnostic performance to 3D/4D-HyCoSy.


Assuntos
Infertilidade Feminina , Meios de Contraste , Testes de Obstrução das Tubas Uterinas/métodos , Tubas Uterinas/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Histerossalpingografia/métodos , Imageamento Tridimensional/métodos
18.
Minim Invasive Ther Allied Technol ; 31(5): 797-802, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34636280

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of a bygone method, hystero-salpingo-scintigraphy (HSSG), for tubal patency assessment of infertile women. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Prospective cohort study involving women in the infertility workup at the University of Debrecen, Hungary. Seventy infertile patients were scheduled to either basic dynamic HSSG, post-purge dynamic HSSG, or post-purge dynamic HSSG followed by SPECT/CT for reducing tracer contamination. The primary endpoint was the evaluation of the diagnostic accuracy of HSSG for the three methods. RESULTS: During the basic dynamic group, the examination yielded a sensitivity of 87.5%, with a specificity of 71.7%, while positive and negative predictive values were 31.8%, and 97.4% respectively. Using post purge dynamic HSSG, it resulted in a sensitivity of 87.5%, a specificity of 88.7%, a positive predictive value of 53.8%, and a negative predictive value of 97.9%. Adding SPECT/CT to post-purge dynamic HSSG increased diagnostic accuracy with 100% sensitivity and 88.7% specificity, while positive and negative predictive values were 57.1% and 100%, respectively. CONCLUSION: HSSG is a non-invasive and well-tolerated technique for tubal patency. It could be used initially to predict tubal patency in case of infertility. Its diagnostic accuracy is higher when it is carried out by adding SPECT/CT to the post-purge dynamic method.


Assuntos
Infertilidade Feminina , Laparoscopia , Testes de Obstrução das Tubas Uterinas/métodos , Tubas Uterinas/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Histerossalpingografia , Infertilidade Feminina/diagnóstico por imagem , Laparoscopia/métodos , Estudos Prospectivos , Cintilografia , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
19.
Med Ultrason ; 24(2): 167-173, 2022 May 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34508616

RESUMO

AIMS: To investigate the positional relationship between the ovary and Fallopian tube and the relationship between the ovarian position and tubal morphology. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 195 patients with 338 fallopian tubes were enrolled in this retrospective study. The ovarian and tubal positions were defined relative to the uterus in all directions. Tubal morphology was classified as smooth or tortuous. RESULTS: The distribution of the Fallopian tubes corresponded to the positions of the ipsilateral ovaries in the superoinferior direction (χ2 =197.653, p<0.001), mediolateral direction (χ2 =237.447, p <0.001) and anteroposterior direction (χ2 =109.746, p<0.001). Tubal morphology differed according to ovarian position in the superoinferior (χ2 =21.804, p<0.001), mediolateral directions (χ2 =4.679, p=0.031) but not in the anteroposterior direction (χ2 =0.793, p=0.373). CONCLUSIONS: Evaluating the ovarian position can provide preliminary information on the distribution and shapeof the Fallopian tube, helping the operator choose the appropriate initial plane and the necessary approaches for inspection.


Assuntos
Testes de Obstrução das Tubas Uterinas , Histerossalpingografia , Meios de Contraste , Feminino , Humanos , Ovário/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Ultrassonografia
20.
Radiographics ; 41(6): 1876-18961, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34597232

RESUMO

Impaired tubal patency accounts for up to 35% of cases of subfertility and infertility. Hysterosalpingography (HSG) or hysterosalpingo-contrast sonography (HyCoSy) represents a first-line test in evaluating fallopian tube patency. Despite the association of HSG with ionizing radiation, HSG is a reference standard in assessing fallopian tube patency and tubal conditions such as tubal occlusion, salpingitis isthmica nodosa, and hydrosalpinx. HSG is widely available and utilizes either a water-soluble contrast medium (WSCM) or an oil-soluble contrast medium (OSCM). Compared with WSCM, HSG with OSCM results in a higher incidence of non-in vitro fertilization pregnancies and, therefore, may be preferred in women younger than 38 years with unexplained subfertility. HSG may also be helpful in assessment after sterilization or before fallopian tube recanalization. US-based tubal tests are free of ionizing radiation and include HyCoSy, with either air-saline or microbubble US contrast material, and hysterosalpingo-foam sonography (HyFoSy), a tubal patency test that utilizes a gel foam. A comprehensive US infertility evaluation of the pelvis and fallopian tubes can be achieved in one setting by adding coronal three-dimensional imaging of the uterus, saline infusion sonohysterography, and HyCoSy or HyFoSy to routine pelvic US. MR HSG and virtual CT HSG also depict tubal patency and uterine and adnexal pathologic conditions and may be considered in select patients. While laparoscopic chromopertubation remains the standard for tubal patency evaluation, its disadvantages are its invasiveness and cost. Knowledge of the different fallopian tube tests and radiologic appearance of normal and abnormal fallopian tubes results in fewer pitfalls, accurate interpretation, and optimal patient care. Online supplemental material is available for this article. ©RSNA, 2021.


Assuntos
Tubas Uterinas , Infertilidade Feminina , Meios de Contraste , Testes de Obstrução das Tubas Uterinas , Tubas Uterinas/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Histerossalpingografia , Infertilidade Feminina/diagnóstico por imagem , Gravidez , Radiologistas , Ultrassonografia
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