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1.
BMC Public Health ; 21(1): 2103, 2021 11 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34789188

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Closed fitness centers during the Covid-19 pandemic may negatively impact health and wellbeing. We assessed whether training at fitness centers increases the risk of SARS-CoV-2 virus infection. METHODS: In a two-group parallel randomized controlled trial, fitness center members aged 18 to 64 without Covid-19-relevant comorbidities, were randomized to access to training at a fitness center or no-access. Fitness centers applied physical distancing (1 m for floor exercise, 2 m for high-intensity classes) and enhanced hand and surface hygiene. Primary outcomes were SARS-CoV-2 RNA status by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) after 14 days, hospital admission after 21 days. The secondary endpoint was SARS-CoV-2 antibody status after 1 month. RESULTS: 3764 individuals were randomized; 1896 to the training arm and 1868 to the no-training arm. In the training arm, 81.8% trained at least once, and 38.5% trained ≥six times. Of 3016 individuals who returned the SARS-CoV-2 RNA tests (80.5%), there was one positive test in the training arm, and none in the no-training arm (risk difference 0.053%; 95% CI - 0.050 to 0.156%; p = 0.32). Eleven individuals in the training arm (0.8% of tested) and 27 in the no-training arm (2.4% of tested) tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 antibodies (risk difference - 0.87%; 95%CI - 1.52% to - 0.23%; p = 0.001). No outpatient visits or hospital admissions due to Covid-19 occurred in either arm. CONCLUSION: Provided good hygiene and physical distancing measures and low population prevalence of SARS-CoV-2 infection, there was no increased infection risk of SARS-CoV-2 in fitness centers in Oslo, Norway for individuals without Covid-19-relevant comorbidities. TRIAL REGISTRATION: The trial was prospectively registered in ClinicalTrials.gov on May 13, 2020. Due to administrative issues it was first posted on the register website on May 29, 2020: NCT04406909 .


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Academias de Ginástica , Humanos , Pandemias , RNA Viral , SARS-CoV-2 , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34639692

RESUMO

The use of technology in sports and fitness is proliferating thanks to advances to facilitate its practice and improve adherence. Beyond adherence, it is important that technology is understood as a facilitating medium. The main objective of this study is to know the influence of the use of the fitness application (app) on sports habits, customer satisfaction and maintenance intention of fitness center users. For this, an experimental, controlled and randomized study was carried out, characterized by being a field trial, with a sample of 66 participants divided into a control group (n = 33) and an experimental group (n = 33), with 38 (57.6%) men and 28 (42.4%) women who self-monitored their physical activity for 8 weeks. The dimensions analyzed between the pre- and post-intervention phases were the changes in their sporting habits (frequency of attendance and duration of the session), the changes in satisfaction and the intention to stay with respect to the fitness center. The results in general do not show significant differences between the two groups and conclude that the use of the fitness app did not directly influence the sports habits of the participants. There were also no significant differences in terms of satisfaction with the fitness center or in their intention to stay in the fitness center. Therefore, it is shown that the use of the fitness app, as a single download or use element, is not enough to improve habits, satisfaction or the intention to stay in the fitness center.


Assuntos
Academias de Ginástica , Aplicativos Móveis , Exercício Físico , Feminino , Hábitos , Humanos , Intenção , Masculino , Satisfação Pessoal
3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34639766

RESUMO

The phenomenon of dropout is often found among customers of sports services. In this study we intend to evaluate the performance of machine learning algorithms in predicting dropout using available data about their historic use of facilities. The data relating to a sample of 5209 members was taken from a Portuguese fitness centre and included the variables registration data, payments and frequency, age, sex, non-attendance days, amount billed, average weekly visits, total number of visits, visits hired per week, number of registration renewals, number of members referrals, total monthly registrations, and total member enrolment time, which may be indicative of members' commitment. Whilst the Gradient Boosting Classifier had the best performance in predicting dropout (sensitivity = 0.986), the Random Forest Classifier was the best at predicting non-dropout (specificity = 0.790); the overall performance of the Gradient Boosting Classifier was superior to the Random Forest Classifier (accuracy 0.955 against 0.920). The most relevant variables predicting dropout were "non-attendance days", "total length of stay", and "total amount billed". The use of decision trees provides information that can be readily acted upon to identify member profiles of those at risk of dropout, giving also guidelines for measures and policies to reduce it.


Assuntos
Academias de Ginástica , Algoritmos , Aprendizado de Máquina
4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34682314

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to explore the dimensions of service quality in fitness clubs in China and examine their impact on customer satisfaction. In Phase I of the study, we collected qualitative data from online comments related to service quality in 30 Tera Wellness clubs in Shanghai (k = 6252). Conducting content analysis, we synthesized the information and identified preliminary themes and formulated measurement statements. Phase II implemented a series of quantitative research procedures to examine the measurement properties of statements developed in Phase I. Conducting exploratory factor analysis, confirmatory factor analysis, and structural equation modeling analyses based on responses of club members (N = 533), we identified a total of 27 items in six dimensions: service recovery, service assurance, facility function, program operation, instructor quality, and staff performance. These factors significantly (p < 0.05) predicted customer satisfaction with fitness clubs in China. The findings highlight the importance of high-quality service delivery, service recovery, and service assurance and pinpoint specific areas for improvement.


Assuntos
Academias de Ginástica , China , Comportamento do Consumidor , Exercício Físico , Análise Fatorial , Humanos , Satisfação do Paciente
5.
Cien Saude Colet ; 26(9): 4351-4359, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34586284

RESUMO

The use of dietary supplements integrates one of the strategies physical activity practicers employ to manage their bodies in contemporary times. This research sought to identify and analyze the multiple uses of dietary supplements done by these practicers and what such uses represent for them with regard to managing their own bodies. A qualitative study was conducted based on the application of online questionnaires to 67 physical activity practicers who frequent gyms. There was also an observation of the groups dynamics in the internet. The resulting empirical material was analyzed using content analysis. Results indicated that part of these practicers believe that dietary supplements aid in gaining muscular mass and improve performance. Furthermore, some of them question the effects of such products on the body although they claim that dietary supplements facilitate diets or should be used only when prescribed by health professionals. In conclusion, there are different ways of using these products, which are often evaluated by consumers.


Assuntos
Academias de Ginástica , Suplementos Nutricionais , Exercício Físico , Humanos , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Inquéritos e Questionários
6.
Indian J Public Health ; 65(3): 275-279, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34558490

RESUMO

Background: The Government of India introduced a new cadre of Community Health Officers (CHOs) in the primary health-care system through the Ayushman Bharat Health and Wellness Centres (HWCs) program. Objectives: The study aimed to assess the activities performed and time spent by the existing and new primary health-care team members at the HWC level. Methods: A time and motion study was undertaken in four HWCs in Punjab over a period of 3 months, to assess the time spent by auxiliary nurse midwives (ANMs) and CHOs on different services and activities. Data were collected through direct continuous observation of four CHOs and four ANMs during working hours for a period of 6 consecutive days of a week, along with structured time allocation interviews of all participants. Results: The CHOs spent 5.7 (5.6-5.9) hours per day on duty of which 57% was productively involved in service delivery. The average time spent by ANMs was 4.9 (4.5-5.3) hours per day, with nearly 62% productive time. While the CHOs spent nearly 40% of their time on services for non-communicable diseases (NCDs), the ANMs spent 51% of their time on maternal, infant, child, and adolescent health services. Conclusion: The introduction of HWCs and CHOs has nudged the health system toward comprehensive primary health care by placing a renewed emphasis on NCDs. The study provides useful evidence for staff, program implementers, and policymakers, to aid informed decision-making for human resource management.


Assuntos
Academias de Ginástica , Enfermeiras Obstétricas , Adolescente , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Índia , Gravidez , Saúde Pública , Estudos de Tempo e Movimento
7.
Emerg Infect Dis ; 27(10): 2669-2672, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34545794

RESUMO

In fall 2020, a coronavirus disease cluster comprising 16 cases occurred in Connecticut, USA. Epidemiologic and genomic evidence supported transmission among persons at a school and fitness center but not a workplace. The multiple transmission chains identified within this cluster highlight the necessity of a combined investigatory approach.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Academias de Ginástica , Connecticut/epidemiologia , Genômica , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2
8.
PLoS One ; 16(7): e0254216, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34297719

RESUMO

Substantial cross-sectional evidence and limited longitudinal research indicates that the availability of recreational facilities (e.g., parks, fitness centres) is associated with physical activity participation. However, few intervention trials have investigated how recreational infrastructure can be used to reduce inactivity levels in communities. The MOVE Frankston study aimed to assess the impact of low intensity strategies to promote use of a multi-purpose leisure and aquatic centre in a socioeconomically diverse, metropolitan community. This randomised controlled trial of two years' duration compared public awareness raising (control condition) with two interventions: mailed information about the centre and a free entry pass (I-O); and this minimal intervention supplemented by customer relations management support through telephone contact, mailed promotional materials and additional incentives (I+S). Participants (n = 1320) were inactive adults living in the City of Frankston, Melbourne Australia. There were 928 people (70.3%) followed up at 12 months (61.2% female, 52% ≥55 yrs). Compared with controls, attendance at the Centre once or more was higher in both the I-O (OR 1.79, 95% CI 1.28-2.50) and I+S groups (OR 1.46, 95% CI 1.03-2.07). The proportion of people using the centre weekly did not differ by group. The odds of being in contemplation or preparation to use the Centre were higher in both the I-O (OR 1.76, 95% CI 1.28-2.42) and I+S groups (OR 1.48, 95% CI 1.07-2.06). Total physical activity and related social and cognitive factors did not differ between the groups. The findings show that the low intensity promotional strategies prompted occasional attendance and increased readiness to use this recreational facility, a level of behaviour change unlikely to reduce non-communicable disease risk. It is recommended that more frequent customer relations contact, and involvement of healthcare providers, be tested as strategies to encourage inactive adults to take up physical activity opportunities at recreational facilities of this type.


Assuntos
Exercício Físico , Academias de Ginástica/estatística & dados numéricos , Promoção da Saúde/métodos , Adulto , Austrália , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , População Urbana/estatística & dados numéricos
9.
Biomed Res Int ; 2021: 9925802, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34239934

RESUMO

The increase in the average age of our society represents a growing medical and social problem, which requires concentration on the issue concerning balance disorders. The aquatic environment has a number of complex properties that have miscellaneous effects on the human body. In the light of the above, water is becoming an ideal environment to learn correct neuromuscular communication, and a properly prepared training session in water helps to practice balance and movement coordination. The objective of the study was to assess the impact of rehabilitation in the aquatic environment on patients' balance and compare the results obtained with patients who received rehabilitation at a gym. The study was carried out among patients hospitalised in the "Krzeszowice" Rehabilitation Centre. It encompassed 137 patients, randomly assigned to either the study group (the aquatic environment) or the control group (the gym). The preliminary examination included general medical history and a test on the stabilometric platform. The patients attended training sessions for 4 weeks, 5 times a week for 30 minutes. It was a single-blinded study wherein the authors did not know which group a given patient had been assigned to. Upon completion of a monthly therapy, the stabilometric test was carried out again. The study revealed that the patients from both groups experienced a significant improvement in balance. However, the improvement was slightly greater in those exercising in the pool. Physiotherapy in the aquatic environment makes a greater contribution to the improvement of body balance compared to physical exercises performed at a gym.


Assuntos
Terapia por Exercício/métodos , Exercício Físico , Academias de Ginástica , Modalidades de Fisioterapia , Equilíbrio Postural , Piscinas , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Promoção da Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Método Simples-Cego
10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34299792

RESUMO

Fitness centres are an obvious arena for performing physical activity for the general population but representation of adults with physical disabilities (AwPD) is lacking. To increase possibilities for AwPD to exercise in fitness centres together with adults without physical disabilities (AwoPD), the aim of this study was to identify, synthesise, and compare barriers to, and facilitators of, exercising in fitness centres for each group. A scoping review was conducted and data extraction of the barriers and facilitators was performed independently by two researchers on six categories of contextual factors based on the framework of Di Blasi: (1) The fitness centre setting; (2) The fitness centre user characteristics; (3) The fitness instructor/staff characteristics; (4) The fitness centre user-instructor/management relationship; and (5) The fitness/exercise characteristics. An extra category, (6) Other relationships, was added. The PRISMA Extension for Scoping Reviews was used for reporting. Of the 102 included papers, only 26 (25%) of the papers were on AwPD, which focused mainly on physical barriers (category 1: inaccessible settings). In contrast, the remaining 76 papers involving AwoPD focused primarily on facilitators (category 2: motivational factors and exercising effects). In categories 3-6, the two groups had similar results, as both groups preferred skilled instructors, a welcoming and comfortable fitness centre environment, an ability to exercise at their preferred type and level, and good social connections. Since most data were based on AwoPD, more studies on actual experiences from AwPD are needed, to reveal the facilitators/motivational factors for fitness centre use.


Assuntos
Pessoas com Deficiência , Academias de Ginástica , Adulto , Exercício Físico , Humanos , Motivação
11.
Physiol Rep ; 9(14): e14967, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34288594

RESUMO

Coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) disease has been a public health emergency of international concern with millions of confirmed cases globally. Closed environments with reduced ventilation contribute to the spread of COVID-19, including superspreading events. Exercising in closed places further increases the risk for transmission. Therefore, many fitness facilities were closed as part of mandated shutdowns early in the pandemic. Evidence-based safety protocols have now emerged and substantially reduce the risk of transmission. We report three positive cases of SARS-CoV-2 identified at a Dojo exercise facility in Manlius, NY, at three distinct time points. All cases were present in the Dojo 2 days prior to symptoms, a time period considered to be highly infectious. The safety protocols included universal mask wearing (no valves), multiple high-efficiency particulate air (HEPA) filters, and reduced capacity which resulted in no known spread of COVID-19.


Assuntos
COVID-19/transmissão , Academias de Ginástica , Segurança , Filtros de Ar , Desinfecção , Medicina Baseada em Evidências , Exercício Físico , Humanos , Máscaras , Pandemias , Equipamento de Proteção Individual , Risco , Ventilação
13.
Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy ; 16(1): 58, 2021 07 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34261499

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Brief treatment (BT) can be an effective, short-term, and low-cost treatment option for many people who misuse alcohol and drugs. However, inconsistent implementation is suggested to result in BT that often looks and potentially costs similar to regular outpatient care. Prior research is also rife with inconsistent operationalizations regarding the measurement of BT received by patients. As such, there is a need to more explicitly identify and document variations in BT practice. METHODS: A qualitative investigation of BT in four Federally Qualified Health Centers (FQHC) was undertaken as a sub study of a larger clinical trial. Researchers interviewed 12 staff (administrators and clinicians) involved in BT oversight, referral, or delivery within the four FQHCs. Data were analyzed following an inductive approach guided by the primary research questions. RESULTS: Findings demonstrate considerable differences in how BT was conceptualized and implemented within the FQHCs. This included a variety of ways in which BT was presented and described to patients that likely impacts how they perceive the BT they receive, including potentially not understanding they received substance use disorder treatment at all. CONCLUSIONS: The findings raise questions regarding the validity of prior research, demonstrating more objective definitions of BT and fidelity checklists are needed to ensure integrity of results. Future work in this area should seek to understand BT as practiced among a larger sample of providers and the direct experiences and perspectives of patients. There is also a need for more consistent implementation, quality assurance guidelines, and standardized stage of change assessments to aid practitioners.


Assuntos
Academias de Ginástica , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias , Intervenção na Crise , Humanos , Programas de Rastreamento , Encaminhamento e Consulta , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/diagnóstico , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/terapia
14.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 28(37): 52576-52586, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34018112

RESUMO

This study investigated the air quality improvement in terms of bacterial and fungal contamination in an exercise room of a fitness center under normal operating conditions. Environmental conditions including air conditioning, ventilation, moisture, CO2, particulate matters, and total number of users were also recorded. In addition, fungal and bacterial load were assessed and disinfection on sports equipment surface was also examined. Background bacteria and fungi densities in bioaerosols were in the range of 249 ± 65 to 812 ± 111 CFU/m3 and 226 ± 39 to 837 ± 838 CFU/m3 in the exercise room of the fitness center and 370 ± 86 to 953 ± 136 CFU/m3 and 465 ± 108 to 1734 ± 580 CFU/m3 in the outdoor air, respectively. Chlorine dioxide and weak acid hypochlorous water aerosols could remove both bacteria and fungi much better than water scrubbing. Contact time of 15 min was sufficient to control both bacteria and fungi to comply with the official air quality standards. User density and carbon dioxide deteriorated both bacteria and fungi disinfection performance whereas temperature was only statistically significant on fungi disinfection. Other factors including relative humidity, airflow velocity, and particulate matters did not have any statistically significant effect on microbial inactivation. Apart from bioaerosol disinfection, inactivation of microorganisms on surfaces of sports equipment was also conducted using chlorine dioxide, zinc oxide, weak acid hypochlorous water, and commercial disinfectant. The surfaces of bicycle handle, dumbbell, and sit-up bench were found to be contaminated with bacteria. Overall bacterial load was 390 to 3720 CFU/cm2 with Escherichia coli specifically 550 to 1080 CFU/cm2. Chlorine dioxide and zinc oxide were noticeably better than weak acid hypochlorous water and commercial disinfectant in terms of bacteria inactivation whereas all tested disinfectants had comparable effectiveness on E. coli disinfection. Targeted microorganisms on the sports equipment surface were sufficiently inactivated within 2 min after the application of disinfectant.


Assuntos
Poluição do Ar em Ambientes Fechados , Desinfetantes , Academias de Ginástica , Microbiologia do Ar , Poluição do Ar em Ambientes Fechados/análise , Bactérias , Desinfetantes/farmacologia , Desinfecção , Escherichia coli , Fungos
15.
Emerg Infect Dis ; 27(8): 2230-2232, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34004137

RESUMO

To investigate a superspreading event at a fitness center in Hong Kong, China, we used genomic sequencing to analyze 102 reverse transcription PCR-confirmed cases of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 infection. Our finding highlights the risk for virus transmission in confined spaces with poor ventilation and limited public health interventions.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Academias de Ginástica , China/epidemiologia , Hong Kong/epidemiologia , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33946150

RESUMO

Sport is a developing setting and a relevant system in health promotion but there are few examples of settings-based initiatives and systems thinking in sport. The Gaelic Athletic Association (GAA) Healthy Club Project (HCP) adopts a settings approach delivered through and by grassroots clubs who respond to local needs while working within a national support system. The aim of this evaluation was to assess and describe the health promotion impact and experience of the HCP. Healthy Clubs (n = 23) and Control Clubs (n = 10) completed a Healthy Club Questionnaire at the start and end of the 20-month HCP and Healthy Clubs took part in focus group discussions. Healthy Clubs, using the structures of the HCP, a commitment to health and community engagement, demonstrated a significant improvement in their overall orientation to health promotion, which was not apparent in Control Clubs. The health promotion message is pervading into many aspects of the GAA club apart from that which relates to the day to day business of coaching and providing physical activity for all. The HCP represents health promotion activity embedded within and across systems, with further development and evaluation recommended to measure delivery and impact at the individual level, organisational, and wider societal levels.


Assuntos
Academias de Ginástica , Esportes , Promoção da Saúde , Organizações , Inquéritos e Questionários
17.
Nutrients ; 13(5)2021 Apr 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33919356

RESUMO

Adolescent high-performance gymnasts are considered to be at risk for low energy intake. The aim of the present study was to determine the effects of implementing a nutritional education program during the sports season on the nutritional status and nutrition knowledge of the female artistic gymnasts from the Technification Center of the Balearic Islands (n = 24; age, 14.1 ± 2.3 years). A quasi-experimental intervention design was applied, which consisted of implementing a nutritional education program of seven sessions given during eight months. Measurements of nutritional intake, nutrition knowledge, and anthropometric parameters, as well as hematological and biochemical blood parameters, were performed. Gymnasts reported low energy and carbohydrate intakes, with significant increases during the study (energy, 28.3 ± 1.4 vs. 32.8 ± 1.4 kcal kg-1, p = 0.015, carbohydrate 3.2 ± 0.2 vs. 3.9 ± 0.2 g kg-1, p = 0.004). The average values for parameters such as hemoglobin, ferritin, lipoprotein, and vitamin C and E levels in the plasma were within normal ranges. Low intakes of most of the food groups were observed during the study, with similar initial and final values. Nutrition knowledge did not change as a result of the study (28.0 ± 1.7 vs. 31.1 ± 1.3, p = 0.185). In conclusion, gymnasts reported low energy intakes. However, blood markers and most of the anthropometrical parameters measured were within normal ranges. The nutrition education program implemented did not produce significant improvements in the dietary habits or nutritional knowledge of gymnasts.


Assuntos
Academias de Ginástica , Educação em Saúde , Implementação de Plano de Saúde , Estado Nutricional , Adolescente , Contagem de Células Sanguíneas , Dieta , Ingestão de Líquidos , Ingestão de Energia , Exercício Físico , Feminino , Alimentos , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Ferro/metabolismo , Vitaminas/sangue
19.
Rev. cienc. salud (Bogotá) ; 19(1): 53-73, ene.-abr. 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1289166

RESUMO

Resumen Introducción: las personas en condición de discapacidad están expuestas a diferentes barreras físicas o arquitectónicas que impiden su acceso a instalaciones y su participación en actividades físicas, ejercicio y deporte. Esto les dificulta obtener los beneficios que implica su práctica y conduce a un deterioro de su calidad de vida. Materiales y métodos: revisión integradora de estudios cuantitativos a través de la metodología SPIDER, con los siguientes componentes: 1) identificación del problema, 2) búsqueda de literatura, 3) evaluación de datos y 4) análisis de estos. Resultados: se incluyeron 7 estudios en los cuales se evaluaron 429 instalaciones de acondicionamiento con 4 instrumentos de medición, por medio de la puntuación media en porcentajes identificados por el tipo de accesibilidad al entorno físico (al desplazamiento y a la implementación deportiva y recreativa), donde el 0 % es la accesibilidad mínima y el 100 % es la accesibilidad máxima. En ninguno de los estudios incluidos se identificó una media mayor al 60 %. La accesibilidad a la implementación deportiva y recreativa fue la más baja, con el 19.81 %, y la accesibilidad física fue la más alta, con el 57.01 %. Conclusión: las instalaciones de acondicionamiento no son del todo accesibles para personas con discapacidad. Existe la gran necesidad de investigación en la accesibilidad a la implementación deportiva y recreativa en Latinoamérica y fundamentalmente en Colombia.


Abstract Introduction: People with disabilities are often exposed to different physical or architectural barriers that block access to their participation in physical activity, exercise, and sports. This makes it difficult for them to benefit from these facilities which lead to a deterioration in the quality of life for many individuals with disabilities. Materials and Methods: An integrative review of quantitative studies was conducted using the SPIDER methodology with the following components: (i) problem identification, (ii) literature search, (iii) data evaluation, and (iv) data analysis. Results: Seven studies were included in which 429 fitness facilities were evaluated with four measuring instruments including mean ratings in percentages identified by the type of accessibility (physical, displacement, sports and recreational implementation) and whether they were at 0% minimum accessibility or at 100% maximum accessibility. None of the studies that were included obtained a mean score greater than 60%. Accessibility to sports and recreational implementation was at the lowest with 19.81% and physical accessibility was at the highest with 57.01%. Conclusion: Fitness facilities are not entirely accessible for people with disabilities. There is a need for further research to look into accessibility of sports and recreational implementation in Latin America, especially in Colombia.


Resumo Introdução: as pessoas deficientes estão expostas a diferentes barreiras físicas ou arquitetônicas que impedem seu acesso às instalações e participação em atividade física, exercício e esporte, dificultando obter o benefício que a prática de esportes traz, o que prejudica sua qualidade de vida. Materiais e métodos: realizou-se uma revisão integrativa de estudos quantitativos através da metodologia SPIDER com os seguintes componentes: 1) identificação do problema, 2) revisão de literatura, 3) avaliação dos dados e 4) análise de dados. Resultados: foram incluídos sete estudos, nos quais se avaliaram um total de 429 academias com quatro instrumentos de medição, por meio da pontuação média em porcentagem identificada pelo tipo de acesso ao ambiente físico (física, por deslocamento, e aos implementos esportivos e recreativos), sendo 0% acessibilidade mínima e 100% acessibilidade máxima. Em nenhum dos estudos incluídos identificou-se uma média superior a 60%. A acessibilidade aos implementos esportivos e recreativos foi a mais baixa com 19,81% e a acessibilidade física foi a mais alta com 57,01%. Conclusão: as instalações das academias não são completamente acessíveis para pessoas com deficiência. Existe uma grande necessidade de investigação, principalmente na acessibilidade de implementos esportivos e recreativos na América Latina e fundamentalmente, na Colômbia.


Assuntos
Humanos , Acessibilidade Arquitetônica , Pessoas com Deficiência , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Academias de Ginástica , Instalações Esportivas e Recreacionais
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