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1.
Int J Mol Sci ; 24(1)2023 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36614269

RESUMO

This study investigated the phytochemical content of alcoholic extracts and essential oil of a new variety of medicinal plants, Agastache foeniculum (Pursh), which Kuntze adapted for cultivation in Romania, namely "Aromat de Buzau". The essential oil was investigated by GC-MS, while the identification and quantification of various compounds from alcoholic extracts were performed by HPLC-DAD. The total phenol and flavonoid contents of the extracts were evaluated by using standard phytochemical methods. The antioxidant activities of ethanol, methanol extracts, and essential oil of the plant were also assessed against 2,2'-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH•), 2,2'-azino-bis-(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulphonic acid) (ABTS•+), and by ferric reducing power (FRAP) using spectroscopic methods. Cyclic voltammetry was used to evaluate the antioxidant capacity of the essential oil. The concentrations of phenolic compounds were higher in methanolic extract compared to ethanolic extract. A significant correlation was found between total phenol and total flavonoid contents (r = 0.9087). Significant high correlations were also found between the total phenolic compounds and the antioxidant activities of the extracts (r ≥ 0.8600, p < 0.05). In addition, the extracts and essential oil showed good antioxidant and xanthine oxidase inhibitory activities. Estragole was detected as the major constituent of the essential oil (94.89%). The cytotoxic activity of the essential oil was evaluated by the MTT assay. At lower concentrations (1 µg/mL) high cytotoxicity against MCF-7 breast cancer cells was observed but not on the non-tumoral dermal fibroblasts (HDF) which indicated selectivity for cancer cells and suggests the presence of biologically active components that contribute to the observed high cytotoxic effect. Findings from the present study offer new perspectives on the use of A. foeniculum as a potential source of bioactive compounds and a good candidate for pharmaceutical plant-based products.


Assuntos
Agastache , Antineoplásicos , Foeniculum , Óleos Voláteis , Plantas Medicinais , Humanos , Óleos Voláteis/farmacologia , Óleos Voláteis/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/química , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/química , Plantas Medicinais/química , Fenóis/farmacologia , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Fenol , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Metanol
2.
Molecules ; 28(2)2023 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36677955

RESUMO

Among the environmental factors, seasonality is the one which most affects the metabolome of a plant. Depending on the harvest season, the plant may have a variable content of certain metabolites and thus may have different biological properties. Foeniculum&nbsp;vulgare is an annual plant whose cultivation creates large amounts of waste rich in bioactive compounds. The present investigation was performed with the aim of determining the amount of biologically active compounds in F. vulgare wastes obtained from varieties of different seasonality. Ten polyphenolic compounds were quantified in the little stems and leaves of Tiziano, Pegaso, and Preludio cultivars by ultra performance liquid chromatography (UPLC) hyphenated to QTRAP mass spectrometry by using the MRM (multiple reaction monitoring) method. The antioxidant activity of hydroalcoholic extracts was then evaluated using TEAC and DPPH spectrophotometric assays, followed by a multivariate statistical analysis to determine the correlation between metabolite expression and antioxidant activity. The Preludio variety, grown in summer, showed a higher content of bioactive compounds, which guarantees it a better antioxidant power; kaempferol 3-O-glucuronide, quercetin 3-O-glucuronide, and quercetin 3-O-glucoside are the polyphenolic compounds that could be mainly responsible for the antioxidant effect of fennel. The PLS chemometric model, which correlated quantitative data obtained by a sensitive and selective LC-ESI-QTrap-MS/MS analysis of antioxidant activity, resulted in a selective tool to detect the compounds responsible for the activity shown by the extracts in chemical tests.


Assuntos
Foeniculum , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem/métodos , Antioxidantes/química , Foeniculum/química , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Metabolômica/métodos , Plantas/metabolismo , Extratos Vegetais/química
3.
J Mol Model ; 29(2): 55, 2023 Jan 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36700982

RESUMO

CONTEXT: The mutations in the TP53 gene are the most frequent (50-60% of human cancer) genetic alterations in cancer cells, indicating the critical role of wild-type p53 in the regulation of cell proliferation and apoptosis upon oncogenic stress. Most missense mutations are clustered in the DNA-binding core domain, disrupting DNA binding ability. However, some mutations like Y220C occur outside the DNA binding domain and are associated with p53 structure destabilization. Overall, the results of these mutations are single amino acid substitutions in p53 and the production of dysfunctional p53 protein in large amounts, consequently allowing the escape of apoptosis and rapid progression of tumor growth. Thus, therapeutic targeting of mutant p53 in tumors to restore its wild-type tumor suppression activity has immense potential for translational cancer research. Various molecules have been discovered with modern scientific techniques to reactivate mutant p53 by reverting structural changes and/or DNA binding ability. These compounds include small molecules, various peptides, and phytochemicals. TP53 protein is long thought of as a potential target; however, its translation for therapeutic purposes is still in its infancy. The study comprehensively analyzed the therapeutic potential of small phytochemicals from Foeniculum vulgare (Fennel) with drug-likeness and capability to reactivate mutant p53 (Y220C) through molecular docking simulation. The docking study and the stable molecular dynamic simulations revealed juglalin (- 8.6 kcal/mol), retinol (- 9.14 kcal/mol), and 3-nitrofluoranthene (- 8.43 kcal/mol) significantly bind to the mutated site suggesting the possibility of drug designing against the Y220C mutp53. The study supports these compounds for further animal based in vivo and in vitro research to validate their efficacy. METHODS: For the purposes of drug repurposing, recently in-silico methods have presented with opportunity to rule out many compounds which have less probability to act as a drug based on their structural moiety and interaction with the target macromolecule. The study here utilizes molecular docking via Autodock 4.2.6 and molecular dynamics using Schrodinger 2021 to find potential therapeutic options which are capable to reactive the mutated TP53 protein.


Assuntos
Foeniculum , Neoplasias , Animais , Humanos , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/genética , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/química , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/metabolismo , Foeniculum/genética , Foeniculum/metabolismo , Genes p53 , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias/genética , Neoplasias/patologia , Mutação , DNA
4.
Plant Physiol Biochem ; 194: 499-512, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36516537

RESUMO

In the perennial medicinal plant fennel (Foeniculum vulgare), persistence over years, production stability, and successful post-drought recovery are as important as plant productivity. Characterization of productivity, post-drought recovery, persistency and their association with phytochemical properties has not yet been performed in fennel. In this study, 64 fennel genotypes (from 23 different countries) from four subspecies/varieties including F. vulgare ssp. piperitum, F. vulgare var. vulgare and F. vulgare var. dulce and F. vulgare var. azoricum were evaluated in the field over four years (2015-2018), then was assessed for post-drought recovery over the next two years (2019-2020). High genotypic variation was observed among genotypes and subspecies. Based on the GC-MS analysis, trans-anethole (22.4-90.6%), estragole (2.1-25.8%), fenchone (4.9-19.8%), and limonene (0.5-11.9%) are major components in the essential oils of the studied germplasm. The highest persistence and the lowest average post-drought recovery belonged to ssp. piperitum. This subspecies also had the highest amount of limonene, fenchone, and estragole and the lowest amount of trans-anethole compared to other subspecies. The highest essential oil content and stability was observed in var. dulce. Seed yield and persistence were found to be negatively associated, suggesting that selection for more productivity may indirectly promote less persistent genotypes. Post-drought recovery was negatively associated with two main phytochemical compounds of essential oil, fenchone and estragole, but positively associated with trans-anethole. Persistence had negative correlation with estragole content. Results indicated that indirect selection for post-drought recovery and persistence may be possible through selection for phytochemical properties. The negative correlation between some essential oil components may indicate that some are isomers, which can limit the ability to select for certain combinations. Superior genotypes identified in this study can be used to construct populations for future studies and as parents of crosses to develop new varieties.


Assuntos
Foeniculum , Óleos Voláteis , Limoneno , Foeniculum/genética , Foeniculum/química , Óleos Voláteis/química
5.
PLoS One ; 17(11): e0277926, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36445894

RESUMO

The consequences of water deficit and its interaction with pollination system (deliberate selfing compared with open-pollination) on physiological, agronomic and phytochemical traits are not understood in fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Mill.). A research was started by creating selfed (S1) and half-sib (HS) families on a fennel germplasm in 2018. Populations were studied in the field, applying a normal and a water deficit condition during two years (2019-2020). Considerable genotypic variation was observed within S1 and HS families for all of the evaluated traits, demonstrating that selection for these traits would be successful. Consequences of water deficit were manifested as declined most of the traits; and significantly increased essential oil content, harvest index, and proline content, in both populations. Mandatory selfing reduced the performance of genotypes for most of the traits confirming the existence of inbreeding depression (ID) with higher values for plant dry weight, seed yield, essential oil content, and number of umbelets per umbel. In S1 population, some of the studied traits had higher heritability estimates under normal condition and some of them showed higher heritability under water deficit. Positive relationship between GCA and STI in OP population indicated that it is possible to identify genotypes having high values of combining ability and drought tolerance. Results of the present study suggest that physiological traits cannot be used as an indicator to distinguish drought-tolerant genotypes in S1 progenies, whereas in OP progenies Chl a, Chl b, TChl, CAR, PRO, and RWC, which had significant correlations with drought tolerance, may be used for this purpose. Based on the results contrasting genotypes were identified, which can be used to develop mapping populations for genome studies of drought tolerance and physiological traits of this species in future studies.


Assuntos
Foeniculum , Óleos Voláteis , Humanos , Foeniculum/genética , Secas , Reprodução , Água , Prolina
6.
Molecules ; 27(22)2022 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36432071

RESUMO

Galactagogue herbs, also known as natural lactation adjuvants, are frequently used to stimulate breast milk production. Due to their antioxidant activity and phenolic content, anise (Pimpinella anisum L.) and fennel (Foeniculum vulgare L.) were chosen to increase the added value of zucchini (Cucurbita pepo L.) purees. At the same time, this work aimed to determine the influence of heat treatment on various characteristics of the final product. The phytochemical content, color parameters, and rheological and textural parameters of zucchini purees enriched with herbal aqueous extracts were determined after processing and after one week of storage (4 °C). In the case of antioxidant activity, samples registered a variation between 6.62 ± 1.71 and 38.32 ± 3.85 µM Trolox/g DW for the samples processed by steam convection. The total difference color parameter (ΔE) increased seven times after one week of storage compared to samples at T0. Fennel and anise aqueous extracts helped improve the rheological behavior of zucchini samples both by steam and hot air convection. This study may serve as a springboard for future investigations and clinical trials into the scientific validity and safety of ready-to-eat foods with special destinations.


Assuntos
Apiaceae , Foeniculum , Pimpinella , Feminino , Humanos , Foeniculum/química , Antioxidantes/química , Vapor , Temperatura Alta , Verduras
7.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 16013, 2022 09 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36163453

RESUMO

Some plants can attract natural enemy by offering resources such as alternative food and refuge. However, studies need to be conducted before agricultural landscape diversification is implement. Our objective was to determine the best floristic compositions of cosmos (Cosmos sulphureus-Asteraceae), showy rattlepod (Crotalaria spectabilis-Fabaceae), fennel (Foeniculum vulgare-Apiaceae), and jack bean (Canavalia ensiformis-Fabaceae) to attract and maintain predatory arthropods, and know the potential of these treatments for future use in diversifying agricultural systems. The experimental design consisted in seven treatments of four species in single-crop, intercrops in three densities called mix1, mix2, and mix3, and the control (weeds). For the arthropod families classified as very frequent and constant, population dynamics in intercropping treatments was plotted according to the plant phenology. We conclude that all plants cultivated in single-cropping and intercropping treatments showed high predator richness and can potentially be used to diversify cultivated areas. Sulfur cosmos as a single crop and three mixes attracts higher numbers and greater family richness. Spider families-Oxyopidae, Araneidae and Thomisidae-and insects-Chrysopidae and Coccinellidae are more frequents. The dynamics of the predator populations varied according to the mixes treatment.


Assuntos
Artrópodes , Asteraceae , Crotalaria , Foeniculum , Animais , Canavalia , Plantas , Comportamento Predatório , Enxofre
8.
Front Immunol ; 13: 945222, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35958602

RESUMO

Oral allergy syndrome (OAS) is an IgE-mediated immediate food allergy that is localized to the oral mucosa. Pollen food allergy syndrome (PFAS), a pollinosis-associated OAS, is caused by cross-reactivity between food and pollen allergens. However, we need to more precisely understand the underlying pathogenesis of OAS/PFAS. In the present study, we developed a method to comprehensively identify cross-reactive allergens by using murine model of OAS and protein microarray technology. We focused on lip angioedema, which is one of the most common symptoms of OAS, and confirmed that mast cells reside in the tissues inside the lower lip of the mice. Interestingly, when the food allergen ovalbumin (OVA) was injected inside the lower lip of mice with high levels of OVA-specific IgE followed by an intravenous injection of the Evans blue dye, we found immediate dye extravasation in the skin of the neck in a mast cell-dependent manner. In addition, the degree of mast cell degranulation in the oral cavity, reflecting the severity of oral allergic responses, can be estimated by measuring the amount of extravasated dye in the skin. Therefore, we used this model of OAS to examine IgE cross-reactive allergens in vivo. Protein microarray analysis showed that serum IgE from mice intraperitoneally sensitized with ragweed pollen, one of the major pollens causing pollinosis, bound highly to protein extracts from several edible plants including black peppercorn and fennel. We confirmed that the levels of black pepper-specific IgE and fennel-specific IgE were significantly higher in the serum from ragweed pollen-sensitized mice than in the serum from non-sensitized control mice. Importantly, analysis of murine model of OAS showed that the injection of black pepper or fennel extract induced apparent oral allergic responses in ragweed pollen-sensitized mice. These results indicate IgE cross-reactivity of ragweed pollen with black pepper and fennel. In conclusion, we developed mouse model of OAS to identify IgE cross-reactive pollen and food allergens, which will help understand the pathogenesis of OAS/PFAS.


Assuntos
Fluorcarbonetos , Foeniculum , Hipersensibilidade Alimentar , Piper nigrum , Rinite Alérgica Sazonal , Alérgenos/análise , Animais , Antígenos de Plantas , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Hipersensibilidade Alimentar/etiologia , Imunoglobulina E , Camundongos , Extratos Vegetais , Pólen
9.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 220: 114992, 2022 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35985134

RESUMO

Sweet fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Mill. var. dulce) and thyme (Zataria multiflora Boiss.) are regarded as the important supplies for pharmaceutical, food, cosmetic, and perfume industries. The major components trans-anethole and thymol are represented in fennel and thyme, respectively. The essential oils (EOs) content and the value of their related constituents should be given in strict quality control due to the storage conditions, source, and adulterations. In this study, we compared the validation of quantitative 1H NMR (qH NMR) method with the gas chromatography with flame ionization detection (GC-FID) to quantify the trans-anethole and thymol in fennel and thyme EOs and their related supplements. The current results showed that the quantification of trans-anethole and thymol by qH NMR method was successfully achieved from their EOs and supplements. All the validation parameters including linearity, robustness, repeatability, and stability were authenticated for thymol and trans-anethole quantification. Similar results were obtained in both qH NMR and conventional GC-FID methods. Therefore, according to the measured values, the qH NMR method was adequate to determine the constituents of the EOs, with the results being roughly comparable to those obtained by GC-FID, with the advantage of being simple, repeatable, rapid (8-10 min, while for GC-FID 55 min) and essential for quality control of commercial samples.


Assuntos
Foeniculum , Óleos Voláteis , Perfumes , Thymus (Planta) , Derivados de Alilbenzenos , Anisóis , Cromatografia Gasosa , Ionização de Chama , Foeniculum/química , Óleos Voláteis/química , Perfumes/análise , Extratos Vegetais/química , Timol/análise
10.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 13593, 2022 08 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35948651

RESUMO

Fennel contains many antioxidant and antibacterial substances, and it has very important applications in food flavoring and other fields. The kinds and contents of chemical substances in fennel vary from region to region, which can affect the taste and efficacy of the fennel and its derivatives. Therefore, it is of great significance to accurately classify the origin of the fennel. Recently, origin detection methods based on deep networks have shown promising results. However, the existing methods spend a relatively large time cost, a drawback that is fatal for large amounts of data in practical application scenarios. To overcome this limitation, we explore an origin detection method that guarantees faster detection with classification accuracy. This research is the first to use the machine learning algorithm combined with the Fourier transform-near infrared (FT-NIR) spectroscopy to realize the classification and identification of the origin of the fennel. In this experiment, we used Rubberband baseline correction on the FT-NIR spectral data of fennel (Yumen, Gansu and Turpan, Xinjiang), using principal component analysis (PCA) for data dimensionality reduction, and selecting extreme learning machine (ELM), Convolutional Neural Network (CNN), recurrent neural network (RNN), Transformer, generative adversarial networks (GAN) and back propagation neural network (BPNN) classification model of the company realizes the classification of the sample origin. The experimental results show that the classification accuracy of ELM, RNN, Transformer, GAN and BPNN models are above 96%, and the ELM model using the hardlim as the activation function has the best classification effect, with an average accuracy of 100% and a fast classification speed. The average time of 30 experiments is 0.05 s. This research shows the potential of the machine learning algorithm combined with the FT-NIR spectra in the field of food production area classification, and provides an effective means for realizing rapid detection of the food production area, so as to merchants from selling shoddy products as good ones and seeking illegal profits.


Assuntos
Foeniculum , Espectroscopia de Luz Próxima ao Infravermelho , Algoritmos , Aprendizado de Máquina , Redes Neurais de Computação
11.
Altern Ther Health Med ; 28(7): 88-94, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35951072

RESUMO

Context: Spleen-stomach vacuity cold is the primary TCM pattern for epigastric pain, accounting for 75% of the patients. According to the TCM theory of treating both the tip and the root, epigastric pain requires the caregiver to dissipate cold and relieve pain, the treatments for the tip, which warm and supplement the spleen and stomach, the treatments for the root. Objective: This study aimed to explore effectiveness of traditional Chinese nursing care using fennel mixed with coarse salt for ironing,with umbilical moxibustion, for epigastric pain, with a pattern of spleen-stomach vacuity cold. Design: The research team designed a randomized control trial (RCT). Setting: The study was conducted at Ruikang Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi University of Chinese Medicine in the capital city of the Guangxi Zhuang autonomous region in the People's Republic of China. Participants: Participants were 96 patients who had been admitted to the hospital between October and November 2020 with epigastric pain resulting from the TCM spleen-stomach vacuity cold pattern, equivalent to chronic atrophic gastritis in Western medicine. Intervention: The research team randomly divided participants into an intervention group (n = 48) and a control group (n = 48) using a random digits table. The intervention group received fennel mixed with coarse salt for ironing, combined with umbilical moxibustion, whereas the control group received routine care. Outcome Measures: The study's instruments included the Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) Syndrome Score Scale (TCMSSS), Medical Outcome Study (MOS) Short Form 36 (SF-36), and Satisfaction with TCM Nursing Program (STCMNP). Data were collected and analyzed through descriptive statistics a Chi-square test and independent t test. A significance level of P < .05 was accepted for all statistical analyses. Results: The intervention group had mean scores that indicated significantly higher decreases in epigastric pain, and increases in quality of life and level of satisfaction with the traditional Chinese nursing care than the control group did (P < .05). Conclusions: The traditional Chinese nursing care was able to improve epigastric pain, enhance quality of life, and increase satisfaction with the traditional Chinese nursing care.


Assuntos
Foeniculum , Moxibustão , Dor Abdominal/terapia , China , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/métodos , Baço , Estômago
12.
Multimedia | Recursos Multimídia | ID: multimedia-9868

RESUMO

#HomeopatiaEmAção recebeu dois ilustres colegas para falarmos sobre COVID-19. Dra. Monica Beier, Médica Homeopata, coordenadora da residência médica de Homeopatia do HPRB Betim e da especialização em Homeopatia do Instituto Mineiro de Homeopatia, que vem nos falar sobre os protocolos de atendimento médico Homeopático hospitalar de pacientes com COVID19. Dr. Francis Mourão - Coordenador do Projeto HOMEOPATIA NA COVID que vem nos atualizar sobre as ações do projeto.


Assuntos
Terapêutica Homeopática , COVID-19/terapia , Assistência Farmacêutica , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Sistemas Locais de Saúde , Salvia officinalis , Fósforo , Foeniculum
13.
J Dairy Sci ; 105(8): 6639-6653, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35787321

RESUMO

This study was performed to determine the early-life (first month of age) supplementation of liquid feed with fennel seed powder (FSP) or oregano leaf powder (OLP) on growth performance, health, and blood biochemical attributes in preweaning dairy calves. Holstein female calves (n = 57; 1 d of age; 34.1 ± 0.97 kg of BW; mean ± SE) were assigned randomly to receive liquid feed (colostrum and milk) with no added herbal plants (CON) or supplemented with FSP (3 g/d) or OLP (30 g/d) during the first month of age. The calves received pooled colostrum (4.5 kg/d on the first 2 d of life; total solids = 25.0% ± 1.24; mean ± SD) and then pooled waste milk (6 kg/d from d 3 to 44, 5 kg/d from d 45 to 46, 4 kg/d from d 47 to 48, and 3 kg/d from d 49 to 50 of the trial; total solids = 12.54% ± 0.50) to ensure they receive same mixed liquid feed daily. The calves had unlimited access to the starter feed and fresh water and remained in the study until weaning on d 51 of age. The average mean temperature-humidity index was 70.1 units (ranging between 61.9 to 78.2) during the experiment, indicating a borderline degree of environmental heat-load. The amount of starter feed offered and refused was recorded daily. The calves were weighed immediately after birth and every 10 d thereafter, before the morning feeding. Jugular blood samples were taken immediately before and 24 h after colostrum feeding, at first month of age, and at weaning to quantify serum concentrations of glucose, urea N, cholesterol, triglycerides, total proteins, albumin, globulin, aspartate transferase, alanine transferase, total antioxidant status, and malondialdehyde. Health checks including rectal temperature, general appearance (on a 1-5 score system), fecal score (on a 1-5 score system), and bovine respiratory disease (BRD; scored using the University of Wisconsin Calf Health Chart) were performed daily, by a veterinarian who was unaware of the calf treatment allocations, for all calves over the study period. A repeated-measures ANOVA was used to compare growth performance and blood metabolites among treatment groups, and a logistic regression model using a binomial distribution (PROC GLIMMIX, SAS v. 9.4, SAS Institute Inc.) was used to assess the chance of elevated rectal temperature (≥39.4°C), general appearance (≥2), diarrhea (≥3), and BRD. A Poisson regression model (PROC GENMOD) was also used to test group differences in the experience of days with elevated rectal temperature and general appearance, and frequency and duration of diarrhea or BRD. Total nutrient intake (DM, CP, and ME, but not ether extract) originating from milk and starter feed was greater in OLP- (but not FSP-) supplemented calves compared with CON group, being partially associated with difference in milk refusal. Calves receiving FSP and OLP had greater average daily gain, BW gain, skeletal gain (withers height or heart girth, respectively), and feed efficiency compared with CON animals with no difference between FSP and OLP. Rectal temperature was lower in FSP- (but not OLP-) supplemented calves compared with CON animals. The CON animals had a greater chance of experiencing higher rectal temperature (≥39.4°C; odds ratio = 1.55 and confidence interval = 1.12-2.15 and odds ratio = 1.33 and confidence interval = 0.92-1.90, respectively, compared with FSP and OLP) and general appearance (≥2; odds ratio = 1.99 and confidence interval = 1.45-2.74 and odds ratio = 1.45 and confidence interval = 1.03-2.05), and diarrhea (odds ratio = 1.47 and confidence interval = 1.11-1.97 and odds ratio = 1.49 and confidence interval = 1.07-2.08) compared with those receiving FSP or OLP; with the chance of BRD being lower in FSP- (but not OLP-) supplemented versus CON animals (odds ratio = 1.59 and confidence interval = 1.13-2.23). As compared with OLP and CON groups, FSP treatment resulted in shorter days with elevated rectal temperature and general appearance. Supplementing FSP or OLP decreased the duration of diarrhea and BRD but not their frequency compared with CON. Duration of diarrhea was not different between FSP- or OLP-supplemented calves but calves supplemented with FSP had shorter days with BRD compared with OLP-supplemented calves. Of the blood constituents measured on d 30, concentration of aspartate transferase was higher in FSP- (but not CON) versus OLP-supplemented calves, indicating a transient liver tissue damage or dysfunction which was subsequently ameliorated. At weaning, blood concentration of triglycerides was higher in FSP and OLP groups compared with CON group. Supplementation of the liquid feed with FSP or OLP, especially FSP, had beneficial effects on calf growth performance and health. Further experiments are warranted for optimizing the dosage and duration of feeding FSP or OLP as feed additives for dairy calves.


Assuntos
Doenças dos Bovinos , Foeniculum , Origanum , Ração Animal/análise , Animais , Ácido Aspártico , Peso Corporal , Bovinos , Dieta/veterinária , Suplementos Nutricionais , Feminino , Humanos , Leite , Pós , Sementes , Transferases , Triglicerídeos , Desmame
14.
J Oleo Sci ; 71(8): 1207-1219, 2022 Aug 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35793972

RESUMO

Umbelliferae plants, which are widely used as traditional Chinese medicine because of their characteristics of relieving rheumatism, alleviating fever, circulating blood and easing pain. This experimental study was based on ear edema model caused by 12-O-tetracycline-propylphenol-13-acetic acid (TPA) in mice and compared with the Ibuprofen (Ib) group. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) was used to analyse the composition of the essential oils from the four studied Umbelliferae plants (Angelica sinensis (Oliv.) Diels, A. dahurica (Hoffm.) Benth. & Hook.f. ex Franch. & Sav., A. pubescens Maxim and Foeniculum vulgare Mill.). Biologically active components in volatile oils from the four studied Umbelliferae plants were evaluated. The expression levels of inflammatory cytokines Tumor Necrosis Factor-α (TNF-α), Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), Interleukin-6 (IL-6) and RelA (p65) in mouse skin were determined by immunohistochemical method. The refractive index of the four essential oils was calculated. A total of 239 compounds were identified by GC-MS from the four studied plants, and the main constituents were osthole (44.61%, APEOs), obepin (0.59%, APEOs & 86.58%, FVEOs), undecanol (8.58%, ADEOs), α-muurolene (7.95%, ADEOs) and cis-anethol (9.11%, ADEOs). E-ligustilide (0.14%, APEOs & 81.14%, ASEOs), (-)-spathulenol (0.08%, FVEOs & 1.21%, ASEOs), (-)-terpinen-4-ol (4.91%, FVEOs), 2-butylthiolane (5.76%, APEOs) and α-bisabolol (3.80%, APEOs). This study showed that all the essential oils from the four studied Umbelliferae plants contained various lactones, including ligustrongolactone, trans-anisol and imperatorin. According to the results of the TPA induction test in the mouse ear edema model, the essential oils of four Umbelliferae plants reduced the levels of inflammatory cytokines TNF-α, COX-2, IL-6 and p65. All of them showed extraordinary biological activity in anti-inflammatory, so they have potential application value for biomedical products, pharmaceutical preparations, natural functional nutrients and cosmetic additives.


Assuntos
Angelica sinensis , Angelica , Foeniculum , Óleos Voláteis , Angelica sinensis/química , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2 , Interleucina-6 , Camundongos , Óleos Voláteis/química , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa
15.
PLoS One ; 17(7): e0271045, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35802574

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Foeniculum vulgare, F. vulgare, commonly known as fennel, is believed to be one of the world's oldest medicinal herbs and has been exploited by people for centuries as a nutritional aid for digestive disorders. In many southeast Asian countries, it is ingested as an after-meal snack, mukhvas, due to its breath-freshening and digestive aid properties. F. vulgare is used in some countries, such as Iran, as a complementary and alternative treatment for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). METHODS: This study investigated the effects of fennel seed extract on intestinal epithelium barrier function and the Signal Transducer and Activator of Transcription (STAT) pathway. This pathway is active in inflammatory bowel disease. To study the protective effects of fennel seed extract in vitro, monolayers derived from the T84 colonic cell line were challenged with interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) and monitored with and without fennel seed extract. To complement our in vitro studies, the dextran sodium sulfate induced murine colitis model was employed to ascertain whether the protective effect of fennel seed extract can be recapitulated in vivo. RESULTS: Fennel seed extract was shown to exert a protective effect on transepithelial electrical resistance (TEER) in both T84 and murine models and showed increases in tight junction-associated mRNA in T84 cell monolayers. Both models demonstrated significant decreases in phosphorylated STAT1 (pSTAT1), indicating reduced activation of the STAT pathway. Additionally, mice treated with fennel seed showed significantly lower ulcer indices than control mice. CONCLUSIONS: We conclude barrier function of the gastrointestinal tract is improved by fennel seed extract, suggesting the potential utility of this agent as an alternative or adjunctive therapy in IBD.


Assuntos
Foeniculum , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais , Plantas Medicinais , Animais , Humanos , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/tratamento farmacológico , Mucosa Intestinal , Camundongos , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Sementes
16.
Molecules ; 27(13)2022 Jun 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35807321

RESUMO

Breast cancer is one of the most prevalent cancers in the world. Traditionally, medicinal plants have been used to cure various types of diseases and disorders. Based on a literature survey, the current study was undertaken to explore the anticancer potential of Foeniculum vulgare Mill. phytoconstituents against breast cancer target protein (PDB ID: 6CHZ) by the molecular docking technique. Molecular docking was done using Autodock/vina software. Toxicity was predicted by the Protox II server and drug likeness was predicted by Molinspiration. 100 ns MD simulation of the best protein-ligand complexes were done using the Amber 18 tool. The present molecular docking investigation has revealed that among the 40 selected phytoconstituents of F. vulgare, α-pinene and D-limonene showed best binding energy (-6 and -5.9 kcal/mol respectively) with the breast cancer target. α-Pinene and D-limonene followed all the parameters of toxicity, and 100 ns MD simulations of α-pinene and D-limonene complexes with 6CHZ were found to be stable. α-Pinene and D-limonene can be used as new therapeutic agents to cure breast cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Foeniculum , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Humanos , Ligantes , Limoneno , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular
17.
Mol Med Rep ; 26(1)2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35642658

RESUMO

At present, the growing spread of tumor cases worldwide renders the research of new promising and selective anticancer drugs urgent. The biological action of extracts of medicinal plants or their essential oils (EOs) is an emerging field of interest, since they could comprise a rich source of phytochemicals that can prove promising. In the present study, the biological activity and mechanism of action of the EO of Foeniculum vulgare subsp. piperitum fruits (FVPEO) were investigated using MTT assays, morphological analyses and western blotting in MDA­MB231 cells, a triple­negative breast cancer cell line. The findings revealed that FVPEO could exert strong anticancer effects, causing a dose­dependent inhibition of breast cancer MDA­MB231 cell growth, accompanied with DNA condensation and fragmentation. The cytotoxic effect of FVPEO was counteracted by the addition of the antioxidant N­acetylcysteine and was associated with a marked increase in reactive oxygen species and stress­related proteins; such as manganese superoxide dismutase, c­Jun, phospho­c­Jun N­terminal kinase and nuclear factor E2­related factor 2, and the latter's transcriptional targets, Heme oxygenase­1 and NAD(P)H quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1). As evidenced by the activation of caspase­3 and fragmentation of poly(ADP­ribose) polymerase­1, which are typical apoptosis markers, FVPEO promoted apoptotic cell death accompanied with an increase in phosphorylated H2A histone family member X and the activation of the NQO1/p53 axis. In combination, the present experiments provided evidence that FVPEO could represent a reservoir of biologically active compounds suitable for both cancer prevention and treatment.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Foeniculum , Óleos Voláteis , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Apoptose , Foeniculum/química , Frutas , Humanos , Óleos Voláteis/química , Óleos Voláteis/farmacologia , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/tratamento farmacológico
18.
Food Res Int ; 157: 111463, 2022 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35761696

RESUMO

Due to consumers' demand for ready-to-eat foods, in the last decades production of sauces has shifted from home-made to commercial practice. Besides to palatability and nutritional value, safety and stability are key issues of industrial sauces. The present study was aimed at evaluating the microbiological stability and safety of industrial-scale prototypes of two novel green sauces made with sea fennel (Crithmum maritimum L.) as the main ingredient. To this end, accelerated shelf-life and microbial challenge tests were performed to assess: (i) the microbiological shelf-stability of the two sauces stabilized by heat treatments commonly applied at industrial scale to inactivate vegetative cells of spoilage microorganisms and pathogens in vegetable preserves (F857=2min or F957=5min); and (ii) the inhibition of Staphylococcus aureus and Bacillus cereus in the sauce with pH = ∼ 4.6 and aw < 0.92, subjected to mild pasteurization (F757=1or2min). The results overall collected through the accelerated shelf-life tests clearly demonstrated the microbiological shelf-stability during one month of storage at thermal abuse conditions of both the novel sauces assayed; moreover, the microbial challenge tests revealed that both mild heat treatments assayed were able to inactivate S. aureus; in addition, an inhibition of the growth of B. cereus was seen during storage at 37 °C. Results from this study are expected to be useful both from a scientific and technological standpoint, enabling efficient risk-based development of novel acidified food products.


Assuntos
Apiaceae , Foeniculum , Microbiologia de Alimentos , Pasteurização , Staphylococcus aureus , Verduras
19.
Molecules ; 27(8)2022 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35458623

RESUMO

(1) Background: Mosquito control with essential oils is a growing demand. This work evaluated the novel larvicidal and adulticidal activity of fennel and green tea oils and their Layered double hydroxides (LDHs) nanohybrid against Culex pipiens (Cx. pipiens) in both laboratory and field conditions and evaluated their effect against non-target organisms; (2) Methods: Two types of nanoclays, MgAl-LDH and NiAl-LDH were synthesized and characterized using PXRD, TEM and SEM, whereas their elemental analysis was accomplished by SEM-EDX; (3) Results: Mg and Ni LDHs were synthesized by the co-precipitation method. The adsorption and desorption of active ingredients were conducted using LC MS/MS, with reference to the SEM-EXD analysis. The desorption process of MgAl-LDH intercalated green tea oil was conducted using ethanol, and reveled significant peaks related to polyphenols and flavonoids like Vanillin, Catechin, Daidzein, Ellagic acid, Naringenin, Myricetin and Syringic acid with concentrations of 0.76, 0.73, 0.67, 0.59, 0.52, 0.44 and 0.42 µg/g, respectively. The larvicidal LC50 values of fennel oil, Mg-LDH-F, and Ni-LDH-F were 843.88, 451.95, 550.12 ppm, respectively, whereas the corresponding values of green tea were 938.93, 530.46, and 769.94 ppm. The larval reduction percentage of fennel oil and Mg-LDH-F reached 90.1 and 96.2%, 24 h PT and their persistence reached five and seven days PT, respectively. The reduction percentage of green tea oil and Mg-LDH-GT reached 88.00 and 92.01%, 24 h PT and their persistence reached five and six days PT, respectively. Against adults, Mg-LDH-GT and Ni-LDH-GT were less effective than green tea oil as their LC95 values were 5.45, 25.90, and 35.39%, respectively. The reduction in adult density PT with fennel oil, Mg-LDH-F, green tea oil, and Mg-LDH-GT reached 83.1, 100, 77.0, and 99.0%, respectively, 24 h PT and were effective for three days. Mg-LDH-GT and Mg-LDH-F increased the predation Cybister tripunctatus (71% and 69%), respectively; (4) Conclusions: For the first time, Mg-LDH-GT and Mg-LDH-F was the best system loaded with relatively good desorption release to its active ingredients and significantly affected Cx. pipiens larvae and adults in both laboratory and field circumstances, and it could be included in mosquito control.


Assuntos
Culex , Foeniculum , Inseticidas , Óleos Voláteis , Animais , Inseticidas/farmacologia , Larva , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Chá
20.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 5946, 2022 04 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35396460

RESUMO

The study investigated the effect of organic/biofertilizers in intercropping patterns on seed yield and yield components and essential oil, fatty acid, and phenolic compounds of fennel (Foeniculum vulgare L.) and fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.). Experimental treatments included the application of humic acid (HA), biofertilizers (BFS), and the unfertilized control in five planting patterns [1 row fennel + 2 rows fenugreek intercropping (1F:2FG), 2 rows fennel + 2 rows fenugreek intercropping (2F:2FG), 2 rows fennel + 4 rows fenugreek intercropping (2F:4FG), and sole cropping of each species]. Sole cropping with BFS produced the highest seed yields for fennel (2233 kg ha-1) and fenugreek (1240 kg ha-1). In contrast, the 2F:2FG intercropping ratio with BFS yielded the maximum fixed oil content for fennel (17.4%) and fenugreek (8.3%). Application of HA and BFS enhanced oil yields by 66% and 75% in fennel and 40% and 57% in fenugreek, respectively. The 2F:2FG intercropping ratio with BFS produced the maximum essential oil constituents [(E)-anethole, estragole, and fenchone] in fennel. In addition, 2F:4FG with BFS and 1F:1FG with HA produced the highest unsaturated fatty acid (oleic and linoleic acids) concentration in both species. The 2F:2FG intercropping ratio with BFS and HA produced the highest chlorogenic acid and quercetin contents, respectively, in fennel. In contrast, the 2F:4FG intercropping ratio with HA produced the highest chlorogenic acid and caffeic acid contents in fenugreek. Intercropping fennel/fenugreek with BFS or HA improved the essential oil content (fennel only), fixed oil quality and quantity, and phenolic compounds and created a more sustainable cultivation system than sole cropping systems for both species under low-input conditions.


Assuntos
Foeniculum , Óleos Voláteis , Trigonella , Ácido Clorogênico , Substâncias Húmicas , Fenóis
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