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2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35409662

RESUMO

Local government officials play a central role in post-disaster community reconstruction. However, few studies have reported on the actual difficulties during a complex disaster involving a nuclear accident. A self-rated questionnaire survey was administered to a total of 583 public employees in four municipalities around the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station. The relationship between universal occupational factors and radiation disaster-specific factors on job satisfaction and intention to leave the job due to radiation anxiety was evaluated using structural equation modeling. The results showed that interpersonal problems (ß = -0.246) and service years (ß = -0.127) were related to job satisfaction, whereas radiation-specific factors were not related to job satisfaction, and only to the intention to leave work due to radiation anxiety. A sense of coherence was associated with job satisfaction (ß = 0.373) and intention to leave work due to radiation anxiety (ß = -0.182), and it served as a moderator of the universal occupational factors and the radiation disaster-specific factors. Therefore, it is suggested that outcomes could be improved through increased stress coping capacity by providing support for relationships and radiation risk communication to public employees during the disaster recovery period.


Assuntos
Desastres , Acidente Nuclear de Fukushima , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Empregados do Governo , Humanos , Japão , Gravidez
3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35329167

RESUMO

Ecological poverty alleviation launched by the Chinese government is an innovative green development measure that combines targeted poverty alleviation with ecological protection to realize the ecological environmental protection and income growth of the impoverished population. Based on the Chinese government's policy of poverty alleviation assessment for provincial government officials in 2016, this paper studies whether the assessment of government officials promote enterprises' participation in ecological poverty alleviation. Using the sample of Chinese A-share listed companies from 2016 to 2020, the empirical test shows that the more important the assessment of poverty alleviation by officials, the more likely local enterprises are to participate in targeted poverty alleviation and the higher the investment level is likely to be. The results pass a series of robustness tests. In addition, this paper further finds that enterprise participation in ecological poverty alleviation can effectively reduce local water pollution, air pollution and solid pollution, thus improving the ecological environment. It suggests that the assessment mechanism of Chinese government officials can effectively promote multi-dimensional ecological poverty alleviation. The contributions of this paper are as follows. Firstly, it is helpful to expand the relevant literature on enterprise environmental protection from the perspective of ecological poverty alleviation. Secondly, it is helpful to expand the literature related to government-enterprise interaction from the perspective of the assessment of government officials. Finally, it is helpful to enrich and expand the relevant literatures on promotion incentives of government officials from the perspective of ecological poverty alleviation.


Assuntos
Empregados do Governo , Governo , China , Conservação dos Recursos Naturais , Humanos , Investimentos em Saúde , Pobreza
6.
Rev. adm. pública (Online) ; 56(1): 191-207, jan.-fev. 2022. graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365460

RESUMO

Resumo A folha de pagamento é uma das maiores despesas do município, porém uma das mais difíceis de serem monitoradas. Se a divulgação dos salários de servidores é de interesse público para controle, a divulgação das despesas com pessoal, na forma como previsto em lei, pode não ser suficiente para detectar diversos tipos de irregularidades. Analisamos os paradoxos envolvidos na divulgação de dados da folha de pagamento e as tensões que emergem do posicionamento de diversos interessados na questão. Entrevistamos profissionais de prefeituras, sindicatos, empresas de softwares, tribunais de contas, organizações sociais e jornalistas. Procuramos reunir diversas perspectivas e interesses envolvidos na divulgação de salários e benefícios de servidores como exemplo dos desafios de ampliar a transparência pública. Com abordagem indutiva, apresentamos uma lista não exaustiva de irregularidades que reconhecidamente ocorrem no país e que, por não serem detectadas apenas com os dados divulgados nos portais de transparência, demandam cooperação entre diversos atores de controle.


Resumen La nómina es uno de los mayores gastos del municipio, pero también es uno de los más difíciles de monitorear. Si la divulgación de los salarios de los funcionarios públicos es de interés público para su control, la divulgación de los gastos en personal según lo dispuesto por la ley puede no ser suficiente para identificar algunas irregularidades. Analizamos las paradojas presentes en la apertura de dichos datos y las tensiones que surgen del posicionamiento de los diferentes interesados en el asunto. Entrevistamos a profesionales de alcaldías, sindicatos, empresas de software, tribunales de cuentas, organizaciones sociales y periodistas para reunir diversas perspectivas e intereses involucrados en la divulgación de sueldos y beneficios de los servidores públicos como ejemplo de los desafíos para ampliar la transparencia pública. Con un enfoque inductivo, presentamos una lista no exhaustiva de las irregularidades que a menudo ocurren en Brasil que, por no ser detectadas simplemente a través de los datos publicados en los portales de transparencia, exigen la cooperación entre los diferentes agentes de control para combinar múltiples fuentes de datos y evidencias.


Abstract: Although local governments' payrolls are a significant expense, they are one of the most difficult to monitor. The disclosure of civil servants' salaries to improve control is a measure of public interest, but the mere information on the government's personnel expenses as provided by law may not be sufficient to detect irregularities. This study analyzes the paradoxes of disclosing salary information and the tensions among the parties related to this issue. We interviewed local government employees, unions, software companies, courts of accounts, nonprofit organizations, and journalists, gathering different interests and perspectives, addressing the issue as an example of the challenges to improve public transparency. Based on an inductive approach, the research offers a non-exhaustive list of irregularities in Brazil that are not detected by simply disclosing information in transparency portals. Our findings point out that detecting and addressing such irregularities require the cooperation of several control agents to combine multiple data sources and evidence.


Assuntos
Salários e Benefícios , Remuneração , Confiabilidade dos Dados , Empregados do Governo , Governo , Salários e Benefícios , Brasil
7.
Rev. bras. promoç. saúde (Impr.) ; 35(1): https://periodicos.unifor.br/RBPS/article/view/12031, 20220125.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1354101

RESUMO

Objetivo: Investigar as características sociodemográficas, ocupacionais e de morbidade dos servidores que tiveram licenças por transtorno mental e comportamental (TMC), bem como as associações dessas características com o afastamento precoce. Métodos: Estudo longitudinal (coorte retrospectiva), realizado no Instituto Federal de Educação do Ceará (IFCE), com vistas ao delineamento do perfil epidemiológico dos servidores afastados por TMC (n=250), no período de 2010 a 2018, e as associações das características epidemiológicas (sexo, grupo do cargo, local de trabalho, tempo na instituição, estado civil, faixa etária e remuneração) com o afastamento precoce, através das curvas de sobrevivência de Kaplan-Meier. Resultados: Ocorreram 684 afastamentos por TMC em 250 servidores (incidência de 4,9%), resultando em 22.409 dias perdidos de trabalho (DAW) e efeitos financeiros de aproximadamente R$ 6.845.220. Houve um aumento na quantidade de afastamentos, de DAW e da taxa de incidência de servidores afastados ao longo do período do estudo. O grupo dos transtornos do humor (F30-F39) da CID-10 apresentou-se como a principal causa de afastamento por TMC (n=367; 53,6%) e DAW (13.057). A análise de sobrevida mostrou afastamento precoce nos servidores do interior, solteiros, com faixa etária de 18 a 39 anos, tempo de serviço na instituição de até 9 anos e classe econômica C. Conclusão: Houve crescimento no IFCE, entre 2010 e 2018, dos afastamentos, dos DAW e da incidência de servidores afastados por TMC, com predominância dos transtornos do humor, os quais geraram efeitos financeiros elevados para a instituição. Evidenciou-se associação positiva entre algumas características sociodemográficas e o afastamento precoce por TMC


Objective: To investigate the sociodemographic, occupational and morbidity characteristics of civil servants on leave due to mental and behavioral disorders (MBD) and the associations of these characteristics with early leave. Methods: Longitudinal (retrospective cohort) study carried out at the Ceará Federal Institute of Education (IFCE) with a view to identifying the epidemiological profile of civil servants who were on leave due to MBD (n=250) from 2010 to 2018 and the associations of epidemiological characteristics (sex, job category, workplace, length of service at the institution, marital status, age range and salary) with early leave through the Kaplan-Meier curves. Results: There were 684 leaves due to MBD among 250 civil servants (incidence of 4.9%), resulting in 22,409 days away from work (DAW) and financial effects of approximately R$ 6,845,220. There was an increase in the number of leaves, days away from work, and rate of incidence of civil servants on leave during the study period. The group of mood disorders (F30-F39) in ICD-10 was the main cause of leaves due to MBD (n=367; 53.6%) and DAW (13,057). The survival analysis showed earlier leaves among civil servants in the countryside, single individuals, those aged 18-39 years, and those with up to 9 years of service at the institution and belonging to economic class C. Conclusion: There was an increase in leaves, DAW and incidence of civil servants on leave due to MBD at IFCE, with a predominance of mood disorders, which generated high financial effects for the institution. There was evidence of a positive association between some sociodemographic characteristics and early leave due to MBD.


Objetivo: Investigar las características sociodemográficas, ocupacionales y de morbilidad de los funcionarios que estuvieron de baja por trastorno mental y de conducta (TMC) así como las asociaciones de esas características con el alejamiento precoz. Métodos: Estudio longitudinal (cohorte retrospectivo), realizado en el Instituto Federal de Educación de Ceará (IFCE) parala delineación del perfil epidemiológico de los funcionarios de baja por TMC (n=250), en el periodo entre 2010 y 2018 y las asociaciones de las características epidemiológicas (sexo, equipo de cargo, sitio del trabajo, tiempo en la institución, estado civil, franja de edad y remuneración) con el alejamiento precoz, a través de las curvas de supervivencia de Kaplan-Meier.Resultados: Se dieron 684 bajas por TMC en 250 funcionarios (incidencia del 4,9%), lo que resulta en 22.409 días perdidos de trabajo (DAW) y efectos financieros de aproximadamente R$ 6.845.220. Hubo un aumento de la cantidad de bajas, de DAW y de la tasa de incidencia de funcionarios de baja a lo largo del período del estudio. El grupo de los trastornos de humor (F30-F39) de la CID-10 se presentó como la principal causa de baja por TMC (n=367; 53,6%) y DAW (13.057). El análisis de la sobrevida ha presentado el alejamiento precoz de los funcionarios del campo, solteros, en la franja de edad entre 18 y 39 años, tiempo de servicio en la institución de hasta 9 años y de la clase económica C. Conclusión: Hubo un crecimiento en el IFCE, entre 2010 y 2018, de las bajas, de los DAW y de la incidencia de los funcionarios de baja por TMC, con predominio de los trastornos de humor los cuales generaron efectos financieros elevados para la institución. Se ha evidenciado una asociación positiva entre algunas características sociodemográficas y el alejamiento precoz por TMC.


Assuntos
Saúde Pública , Saúde do Trabalhador , Educação , Empregados do Governo , Transtornos Mentais
8.
J Occup Environ Med ; 64(3): 212-217, 2022 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34873135

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine factors associated with return to work in US diplomats injured during a work assignment in Cuba. METHODS: In this case series work ability was determined at each visit. Questionnaires used included the Symptom Score Questionnaire, Beck Anxiety Inventory, Beck Depression Inventory, Quality-of-Life Inventory, and Patient Health Questionnaire. RESULTS: Of the 45 employees referred to Occupational Medicine, the mean age was 42.5 years, 60% were men, 68% were never out of work, 22% were out of work for some period, and 15% remain out of work. Vestibular, cognitive, hearing, sleep, and visual symptoms, and a higher initial symptom score were significantly associated with work inability while psychiatric symptoms were not. CONCLUSIONS: This exposure resulted in prolonged illness with cognitive impairment and other clinical manifestations associated with work inability.


Assuntos
Empregados do Governo , Traumatismos Ocupacionais , Adulto , Cuba , Depressão/epidemiologia , Depressão/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Traumatismos Ocupacionais/epidemiologia , Retorno ao Trabalho , Inquéritos e Questionários , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
9.
Occup Environ Med ; 79(1): 38-45, 2022 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34162719

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the association of lung function and respiratory symptoms with farming, particularly pesticide use, in an agricultural province in Thailand. METHODS: We undertook a cross-sectional survey of adults aged 40-65 in Nan province, Thailand, between May and August 2019. We randomly recruited 345 villagers and enriched the sample with 82 government employees. All participants performed post-bronchodilator spirometry and completed a questionnaire covering information on respiratory symptoms, farming activities, pesticide use and known risk factors for respiratory disease. Associations of respiratory outcomes with farming and pesticide exposures were examined by multivariable regression analysis. RESULTS: The response rate was 94%. The prevalence of chronic airflow obstruction among villagers was 5.5%. Villagers had, on average, a lower percent predicted post-bronchodilator forced expiratory volume in one second/forced vital capacity (FEV1/FVC) than government employees (98.3% vs 100.3%; p=0.04). There was no evidence of association of lung function with farming activities, the use of specific herbicides (glyphosate and paraquat), insecticides (organophosphates and pyrethroids) or fungicides. The exceptions were poultry farming, associated with chronic cough and an increase of FEV1/FVC, and atrazine, for which duration (p-trend <0.01), intensity (p-trend <0.01) and cumulative hours (p-trend=0.01) of use were all associated with higher FEV1/FVC in an exposure-response manner. Cumulative hours (-280 mL/hour), low duration (-270 mL/year) and intensity (-270 mL/hour/year) of atrazine use were associated with lower FVC. CONCLUSIONS: Chronic airflow obstruction is uncommon among villagers of an agricultural province in Nan, Thailand. Farming and pesticide use are unlikely to be major causes of respiratory problems there.


Assuntos
Agricultura , Exposição Ocupacional/efeitos adversos , Praguicidas/efeitos adversos , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/epidemiologia , Adulto , Tosse/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Dispneia/epidemiologia , Fazendeiros/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Empregados do Governo/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Exposição Ocupacional/análise , Praguicidas/classificação , Testes de Função Respiratória , Sons Respiratórios , Espirometria , Inquéritos e Questionários , Tailândia/epidemiologia
10.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1353023

RESUMO

Objetivo: traçar o perfil de saúde dos servidores públicos de instituição de ensino localizada no Rio de Janeiro, a partir dos resultados dos exames periódicos de saúde. Método: utilizou-se abordagem quantitativa e transversal, com dados coletados em uma instituição pública federal de ensino. Resultados: verificou-se o risco para desenvolvimento de doenças crônicas não transmissíveis, dado o histórico familiar aliado ao estilo de vida dos participantes. A atividade física referida não pôde ser associada à diminuição de risco de doenças cardiovasculares e, por isso, pode não estar sendo efetiva sua contribuição para a saúde de seus praticantes. Quanto à exposição ocupacional, foram identificadas alterações nos exames de audiometria, videolaringoestroboscopia e Gama GT dos servidores docentes. Conclusão: torna-se fundamental consolidar as ações voltadas para os servidores públicos, enquanto ferramenta para embasar ações de promoção e proteção da saúde dos trabalhadores e para o fortalecimento de políticas públicas voltadas para o tema


Objective: to draw the health profile of public servants of an educational institution located in Rio de Janeiro, based on the results of periodic health examinations. Method: a quantitative and cross-sectional approach was used, with data collected from a federal public educational institution. Results: the risk for developing non-communicable chronic diseases was verified, given the family history combined with the participants' lifestyle. The referred physical activity could not be associated with a reduced risk of cardiovascular diseases and, therefore, its contribution to the health of its practitioners may not be effective. Regarding occupational exposure, changes in audiometry, videolaryngostroboscopy and Gama GT exams of the teaching staff were identified. Conclusion: it is essential to consolidate actions aimed at public servants, as a tool to support actions to promote and protect workers' health and to strengthen public policies. focused on the theme


Objetivo: dibujar el perfil de salud de los servidores públicos de una institución educativa ubicada en Río de Janeiro, con base en los resultados de los exámenes periódicos de salud. Método: se utilizó un enfoque cuantitativo y transversal, con datos recopilados de una institución educativa pública federal. Resultados: se verificó el riesgo de desarrollar enfermedades crónicas no transmisibles, dada la historia familiar combinada con el estilo de vida de los participantes. La actividad física referida no podría asociarse con un riesgo reducido de enfermedades cardiovasculares y, por lo tanto, su contribución a la salud de sus profesionales puede no ser efectiva. Con respecto a la exposición ocupacional, se identificaron cambios en audiometría, videolaringostroboscopia y exámenes de Gama GT del personal docente. Conclusión: es esencial consolidar las acciones dirigidas a los servidores públicos, como una herramienta para apoyar acciones para promover y proteger la salud de los trabajadores y fortalecer las políticas públicas. centrado en el tema


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Perfil de Saúde , Exposição Ocupacional/estatística & dados numéricos , Saúde do Trabalhador , Empregados do Governo/estatística & dados numéricos , Pessoal de Educação , Estilo de Vida
11.
BMJ Open ; 11(12): e056260, 2021 12 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34911725

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To explore the prevalence and risk factors of metabolic-associated fatty liver disease (MAFLD) in Tianjin government employees of different genders. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Health Management Center of Tianjin Union Medical Center. PARTICIPANTS: 16 924 government employees (59.6% male). MEASURES: Ultrasound liver examination was performed to determine whether there is fat accumulation in the organ. Participants' weight and height were measured, and body mass index (BMI) was calculated. RESULTS: The overall prevalence of MAFLD in this population was 40.76%. The rates were significantly higher in men (49.42%) than in women (27.97%). The prevalence of MAFLD was highest in men aged 40-49 years (54.04%) and women aged 60-69 years (43.44%). In all BMI groups, the prevalence was higher in men than that in women. In both genders, higher BMI was associated with the risk of MAFLD, especially for BMI ≥31.9 kg/m2. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of MAFLD in government employees in Tianjin was significantly higher than the average level in China. The prevalence varied by sex and age group, and those with high BMI were at the highest risk of developing MAFLD.


Assuntos
Empregados do Governo , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , Adulto , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/diagnóstico , Prevalência
13.
PLoS One ; 16(9): e0257112, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34492089

RESUMO

Public health and social interventions are critical to mitigate the spread of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. Ethiopia has implemented a variety of public health and social measures to control the pandemic. This study aimed to assess social distancing and public health preventive practices of government employees in response to COVID-19. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 1,573 government employees selected from 46 public institutions located in Addis Ababa. Data were collected from 8th to 19th June 2020 using a paper-based self-administered questionnaire and analyzed using SPSS version 23.0. Descriptive statistics were used to summarize the data. Binary logistic regression analyses were used to identify factors associated with outcome variables (perceived effectiveness of facemask wearing to prevent coronavirus infection, and COVID-19 testing). Majority of the participants reported facemask wearing (96%), avoiding close contact with people including handshaking (94.8%), consistently followed government recommendations (95.6%), frequent handwashing (94.5%), practiced physical distancing (89.5%), avoided mass gatherings and crowded places (88.1%), restricting movement and travelling (71.8%), and stayed home (35.6%). More than 80% of the participants perceived that consistently wearing a facemask is highly effective in preventing coronavirus infection. Respondents from Oromia perceived less about the effectiveness of wearing facemask in preventing coronavirus infection (adjusted OR = 0.27, 95% CI:0.17-0.45). About 19% of the respondents reported that they had ever tested for COVID-19. Respondents between 40-49 years old (adjusted OR = 0.41, 95% CI:0.22-0.76) and 50-66 years (adjusted OR = 0.43, 95% CI:0.19-0.95) were less likely tested for coronavirus than the younger age groups. Similarly, respondents from Oromia were less likely to test for coronavirus (adjusted OR = 0.26, 95% CI:0.12-0.56) than those from national level. Participants who were sure about the availability of COVID-19 testing were more likely to test for coronavirus. About 57% of the respondents perceived that the policy measures in response to the pandemic were inadequate. The findings showed higher social distancing and preventive practices among the government employees in response to COVID-19. Rules and regulations imposed by the government should be enforced and people should properly apply wearing facemasks, frequent handwashing, social and physical distancing measures as a comprehensive package of COVID-19 prevention and control strategies.


Assuntos
COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Empregados do Governo/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Teste para COVID-19/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Transversais , Etiópia , Feminino , Desinfecção das Mãos/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , Máscaras/estatística & dados numéricos , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pandemias/estatística & dados numéricos , Distanciamento Físico , Inquéritos e Questionários/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto Jovem
14.
Aval. psicol ; 20(3): 379-389, jul.-set. 2021. ilus, tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos | ID: biblio-1345373

RESUMO

Adotamos o conceito de condições de trabalho abrangendo aspectos do conteúdo e do entorno do trabalho. Entretanto, havia a demanda de explorar as suas especificidades para servidores de universidades federais, visando uma melhor aproximação da realidade e, simultaneamente, explorar sua variabilidade histórica como esperado teoricamente. A pesquisa, então, almejou desenvolver uma versão do Questionário das Condições de Trabalho (QCT) para os servidores da UFMG e aperfeiçoá-lo. Modificamos o QCT adaptando itens e introduzindo outros; exploramos as estruturas fatoriais e avaliamos seu aperfeiçoamento psicométrico. Aplicamos questionários estruturados em 1.060 participantes. Por meio de análise fatorial exploratória, encontramos uma estrutura empírica com fatores de segunda e primeira ordem. Os de segunda ordem divergem das categorias teóricas aplicadas em pesquisas anteriores. Esses fatores e os primários (p. ex., Processo Burocrático e Participação) refletiram a percepção dos servidores acerca da realidade vivencial. A nova versão do QCT pode ser útil em diagnósticos ocupacionais. (AU)


We adopted the concept of working conditions covering the content and surrounding aspects of work. However, there is a need to explore its specificities for public workers in federal universities with the intention of constructing a better approximation to reality, and, simultaneously, exploring their historical variability as theoretical expected. Accordingly, this study aimed to develop a version of the Working Conditions Questionnaires (WCQ) for UFMG's public workers and improve it. We changed the WCQ, adapting items and creating others; we explored the factorial structures; and evaluated their psychometric properties. We applied the structured questionnaire with 1,060 participants. Through exploratory factor analysis, we found an empirical structure with first and second order factors. The second order factors differed from the theoretical categories applied in previous studies. The factors found (e.g., Bureaucratic Process and Participation) reflected the public workers perception about the reality experienced. The new version of the WCQ can be useful in occupational diagnostics. (AU)


Adoptamos el concepto de condiciones laborales abarcando aspectos del contenido y del entorno del trabajo. Sin embargo, hubo una demanda de explorar sus especificidades para empleados de universidades federales, mirando una mejor aproximación de la realidad y, simultáneamente, explorar su variabilidad histórica como teóricamente se esperaba. La investigación, entonces, tuvo como objetivo desarrollar una versión del Cuestionario de Condiciones Laborales para los servidores de la UFMG, y mejorarla. Se modificó el QCT adaptando ítems y creando otros; se exploró las estructuras factoriales; y se evaluó su perfeccionamiento psicométrico. Los cuestionarios estructurados fueron contestados por 1.060 participantes. Por intermedio del análisis factorial exploratorio, se encontró una estructura empírica con factores de primer y segundo orden. Los de según orden difieren de las categorías teóricas de investigaciones previas. Estos factores y los primarios (por ejemplo, Procesos Burocráticos y Participación) reflejaron la percepción de los servidores acerca de la realidad vivencial. La nueva versión del QCT puede ser útil en diagnósticos ocupacionales. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Adulto Jovem , Universidades , Condições de Trabalho , Empregados do Governo/psicologia , Satisfação no Emprego , Inquéritos e Questionários , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Análise Fatorial
15.
Multimedia | Recursos Multimídia | ID: multimedia-9204

RESUMO

Campanha da Associação de Servidores da Fiocruz, em 1998.


Assuntos
Fotografia , Empregados do Governo
16.
Rev. adm. pública (Online) ; 55(4): 782-808, jul.-ago. 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1340891

RESUMO

Resumo A administração pública federal passa por um momento de aperto fiscal, e, como o gasto com pessoal é um dos maiores componentes da despesa, mostra-se importante avaliar sua composição. Para isso, este artigo analisa detalhadamente a estrutura remuneratória das carreiras do Executivo federal civil. O texto mostra que a maioria dos servidores federais civis está entre os 10% mais bem remunerados do país, recebendo, em certos casos, um prêmio salarial com relação à esfera privada. Analisamos também que servidores com as mesmas atribuições têm remuneração significativamente diferente, dependendo do órgão da administração direta ou da entidade da administração indireta em que trabalham. Além disso, evidenciamos a prociclicalidade da despesa com pessoal ativo do Executivo, possivelmente liderada em tempos de recessão. Dito isso, uma agenda de reforma administrativa é importante para racionalizar as carreiras do serviço público, trazendo a remuneração à realidade brasileira e premiando servidores de alto desempenho por meio de metas de médio e longo prazos.


Resumen La Administración Pública Federal está atravesando un momento de ajuste fiscal y, como los gastos de personal son uno de los componentes más importantes del gasto público, es importante evaluar su composición. Para ello, este artículo analiza en detalle la estructura de remuneración de las carreras del Ejecutivo federal. El artículo muestra que la mayoría de los funcionarios federales se encuentra dentro del 10% mejor remunerado del país, percibiendo en ciertos casos una prima salarial, como en la esfera privada y otros países. También inferimos que los funcionarios públicos con las mismas atribuciones tienen una remuneración significativamente diferente, dependiendo del cuerpo de la administración directa o indirecta en la que trabajan. Además, evidenciamos la prociclicidad del gasto en personal activo del Ejecutivo federal. Dicho esto, es importante una agenda de reforma administrativa para racionalizar las carreras del servicio público, traer la remuneración a la realidad brasileña y recompensar a los funcionarios de alto rendimiento a través de metas a mediano y largo plazo.


Abstract The Brazilian Federal Public Administration is going through a period of fiscal tightening, and as personnel expenses are one of the largest components of expenditure, it is important to assess its composition. This article analyzes in detail the remuneration structure of executive branch careers. The article shows that most federal employees are among the 10% best-paid employees in the country, earning a salary premium relative to the private sector and other countries' public servants. Moreover, we show that civil servants with equivalent duties have significantly different remuneration, depending on the body of the direct or indirect administration in which they work. In addition, we highlight the procyclicality of the expenditure on executive branch active personnel. An administrative reform agenda is important to rationalize public service careers, provide remuneration in line with the Brazilian reality, and reward high-performance employees through medium and long-term goals.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Administração Pública , Governo Federal , Remuneração , Empregados do Governo
17.
Rev. adm. pública (Online) ; 55(4): 881-922, jul.-ago. 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1340890

RESUMO

Resumo A liderança do diretor escolar constitui um dos fatores centrais para garantir um ambiente educacional adequado ao processo de ensino-aprendizagem. No entanto, ainda há poucos estudos que analisam os determinantes da atuação do diretor. O presente estudo avaliou o potencial efeito das políticas de seleção de diretores sobre a percepção do corpo docente em relação à liderança e ao clima escolar. Os fatores foram criados a partir das respostas aos questionários de contexto aplicados do Sistema Nacional de Avaliação da Educação Básica (Saeb) de 2013 e de 2015. Também foram analisadas as legislações de provimento ao cargo de diretor nos 26 estados e no Distrito Federal. Os resultados apontaram uma diferença estatisticamente significante entre o grupo de escolas que realizou o "concurso público apenas" e o "processo seletivo e eleição", em relação ao grupo que adotou a modalidade de "indicação apenas". Todavia, a alta variação observada nos coeficientes de clima e de liderança entre os entes federados evidencia que o contexto local afeta a percepção do corpo docente sobre estas variáveis. Isso demonstra que, além do processo seletivo, é importante considerar as características de cada localidade para a seleção dos profissionais com as competências e as habilidades apropriadas aos desafios do cargo, que possam vir a contribuir com melhores resultados educacionais dos estudantes.


Resumen El liderazgo del director escolar es uno de los factores centrales para asegurar un ambiente educativo apropiado al proceso de enseñanza-aprendizaje. Sin embargo, aún son pocos los estudios que analizan los determinantes del desempeño del director. El presente estudio evaluó el efecto potencial de las políticas de selección de directores sobre la percepción del profesorado en relación con el liderazgo y el clima escolar. Los factores se crearon a partir de las respuestas a los cuestionarios contextuales aplicados por el Sistema Nacional de Evaluación de la Educación Básica (Saeb) de 2013 y 2015. También se analizó la legislación que reglamenta el cargo de director en los 26 estados brasileños y el Distrito Federal. Los resultados mostraron una diferencia estadísticamente significativa entre el grupo de escuelas que realizó el "concurso público" y el "proceso de selección y elección", en relación con el grupo que adoptó la modalidad de "nominación política". Sin embargo, la alta variación observada en los coeficientes de clima y liderazgo entre las entidades federativas evidencia que el contexto local afecta la percepción del cuerpo docente sobre estas variables. Por lo tanto, además del proceso de selección, es importante considerar las características de cada localidad para la selección de profesionales con las competencias y habilidades adecuadas a los desafíos del puesto, que pueden contribuir a mejores resultados educativos para los estudiantes.


Abstract Leadership by a school principal is one of the key factors for ensuring an educational environment conducive to the teaching-learning process. Nevertheless, only a handful of studies have analyzed the determinants of principals' performance. This study evaluated the potential effect of principal selection policies on teacher perceptions of principal leadership and school climate. The factors were created based on responses to the National Basic Education Assessment System (Sistema Nacional de Avaliação da Educação Básica - Saeb) contextual questionnaires applied in 2013 and 2015. The legislation for filling school principal positions in the 26 states and the Federal District was also analyzed. The results showed a statistically significant difference between the group of schools that carried out "civil service examination only" and "selection process and election" compared to the group that adopted the "appointment only" modality. However, the high variation observed in the climate and leadership coefficients between the federative entities reveals that the local context affects teacher perceptions of these variables. This demonstrates that in addition to the selection process, it is important to consider each locality's characteristics to select professionals with competencies and skills appropriate to the position's challenges, which may contribute to better educational outcomes for students.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Política Pública , Administração Pública , Educação , Empregados do Governo , Liderança
18.
Nutrients ; 13(7)2021 Jun 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34210072

RESUMO

The use of dietary supplements is prevalent among many groups worldwide. However, few studies have examined their use among government employees. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to determine the association among sociodemographic characteristics, body weight status, and energy intake with dietary supplement use among government employees in Putrajaya, Malaysia. Simple random sampling was used to select a sample of 460 government employees from six ministries in Putrajaya, Malaysia. The data used in this study were collected through anthropometric measurements (height, weight, % body fat, waist and hip circumferences), a self-administered questionnaire (sociodemographic characteristics and dietary supplements use), and an interviewer-administered questionnaire (24-hour dietary recall; fruit and vegetable intake). The results indicated that the prevalence of dietary supplement use was 55.4%, with vitamin C (38.4%) being the most popular type of dietary supplement. Health issues (80.8%) were the most common reason for usage, internet (59.2%) was the main source of information, and pharmacies (71.8%) were the most indicated places to purchase dietary supplements. A multivariate analysis showed that participants who were female, married, had better monthly income, lived within a smaller household size, had a normal body mass index, classified as having unhealthily high body fat percentage, did not skip breakfast, and consumed at least five servings of fruits and vegetables per day were significantly more likely to use dietary supplements. In conclusion, health-conscious groups were more prone to consume dietary supplements, and due to the high prevalence of dietary supplement use, dissemination of accurate scientific information regarding dietary supplements is highly recommended among government employees.


Assuntos
Peso Corporal , Dieta Saudável/estatística & dados numéricos , Suplementos Nutricionais/estatística & dados numéricos , Ingestão de Energia , Empregados do Governo/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Antropometria , Estudos Transversais , Demografia , Dieta Saudável/psicologia , Comportamento Alimentar , Feminino , Empregados do Governo/psicologia , Humanos , Malásia , Masculino , Análise Multivariada , Inquéritos e Questionários
19.
PLoS One ; 16(7): e0254001, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34288913

RESUMO

Health, disease, and mortality vary greatly at the county level, and there are strong geographical trends of disease in the United States. Healthcare is and has been a top priority for voters in the U.S., and an important political issue. Consequently, it is important to determine what relationship voting patterns have with health, disease, and mortality, as doing so may help guide appropriate policy. We performed a comprehensive analysis of the relationship between voting patterns and over 150 different public health and wellbeing variables at the county level, comparing all states, including counties in 2016 battleground states, and counties in states that flipped from majority Democrat to majority Republican from 2012 to 2016. We also investigated county-level health trends over the last 30+ years and find statistically significant relationships between a number of health measures and the voting patterns of counties in presidential elections. Collectively, these data exhibit a strong pattern: counties that voted Republican in the 2016 election had overall worse health outcomes than those that voted Democrat. We hope that this strong relationship can guide improvements in healthcare policy legislation at the county level.


Assuntos
Governo Federal , Geografia Médica , Empregados do Governo , Política , Saúde Pública , Gastos em Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Política de Saúde , Indicadores Básicos de Saúde , Humanos , Morbidade , Mortalidade , Estados Unidos
20.
PLoS One ; 16(7): e0253624, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34288930

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Revelations that some members of Congress, including members of key health care committees, hold substantial personal investments in the health care industry have raised concerns about lawmakers' financial conflicts of interest (COI) and their potential impact on health care legislation and oversight. AIMS: 1) To assess historical trends in both the number of legislators holding health care-related assets and the value and composition of those assets. 2) To compare the financial holdings of members of health care-focused committees and subcommittees to those of other members of the House and Senate. METHODS: We analyzed 11 years of personal financial disclosures by all members of the House and Senate. For each year, we calculated the percentage of members holding a health care-related asset (overall, by party, and by committee); the total value of all assets and health care-related assets held; the mean and median values of assets held per member; and the share of asset values attributable to 9 health asset categories. FINDINGS: During the study period, over a third of all members of Congress held health care-related assets. These assets were often substantial, with a median total value per member of over $43,000. Members of health care-focused committees and subcommittees in the House and Senate did not hold health care-related assets at a higher rate than other members of their respective chambers. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that lawmakers' health care-related COI warrant the same level of attention that has been paid to the COI of other actors in the health care system.


Assuntos
Atenção à Saúde/economia , Governo Federal , Empregados do Governo/estatística & dados numéricos , Investimentos em Saúde/tendências , Conflito de Interesses , Revelação , Humanos , Investimentos em Saúde/economia , Investimentos em Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Política , Estados Unidos
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