Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 3.687
Filtrar
1.
Adv Tech Stand Neurosurg ; 52: 253-257, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-39017799

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Osteomas are the most common primary bone tumors of the calvaria, with an incidence of less than 0.5%. In skull vault osteomas, the exostotic form that grows from the outer table is more common than the enostotic ones which arise from the inner table and grow intracranially. Osteomas of the forehead are very noticeable and disfiguring; patients usually seek medical advice for cosmetic reasons. Forehead osteomas were traditionally excised via either a direct incision over the lesion using the naturally occurring creases or a conventional bicoronal flap. More recently, endoscopic approaches for excision of forehead osteomas were introduced. The results were very encouraging and the technique was adopted by many groups worldwide yet with many technical variations. In this chapter we elaborate on the surgical technique and nuances of the fully endoscopic resection of frontal osteomas. METHODS: From a prospective database of endoscopic procedures maintained by the senior author, clinical data, imaging studies, operative charts, and videos of cases of forehead osteomas were retrieved and analyzed. The pertinent literature was also reviewed. RESULTS: The surgical technique of the fully endoscopic resection of frontal osteomas was formulated. CONCLUSION: The endoscopic technique has many advantages over the conventional procedures. In our hands, the technique has proven to be less time-consuming, efficient, and minimally invasive with excellent cosmetic results.


Assuntos
Testa , Osteoma , Humanos , Osteoma/cirurgia , Osteoma/patologia , Testa/cirurgia , Endoscopia/métodos , Neoplasias Cranianas/cirurgia , Neoplasias Cranianas/patologia , Neoplasias Cranianas/diagnóstico por imagem , Osso Frontal/cirurgia , Neuroendoscopia/métodos
2.
J Hum Evol ; 191: 103517, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38781712

RESUMO

The Kocabas specimen comes from a travertine quarry near the homonymous village in the Denizli basin (Turkey). The specimen comprises three main fragments: portions of the right and left parietal and left and right parts of the frontal bone. The fossil was assumed to belong to the Homo erectus s.l. hypodigm by some authors, whereas others see similarities with Middle Pleistocene fossils (Broken Hill 1/Kabwe, Bodo, or Ceprano). Here, we present the first attempt to make a complete reconstruction of the missing medial portion of the frontal bone and a comprehensive geometric morphometric analysis of this bone. We restored the calotte by aligning and mirroring the three preserved fragments. Afterward, we restored the missing portion by applying the thin-plate spline interpolation algorithm of target fossils onto the reconstructed Kocabas specimen. For the geometric morphometric analyses, we collected 80 landmarks on the frontal bone (11 osteometric points, 14 bilateral curve semilandmarks, and 41 surface semilandmarks). The comparative sample includes 21 fossils from different chronological periods and geographical areas and 30 adult modern humans from different populations. Shape analyses highlighted the presence in Kocabas of features usually related to Middle Pleistocene Homo, such as a developed supraorbital torus associated with a relatively short frontal squama and reduced post-toral sulcus. Cluster analysis and linear discriminant analysis classification procedure suggest Kocabas being part of the same taxonomic unit of Eurasian and African Middle Pleistocene Homo. In light of our results, we consider that attributing the Kocabas hominin to H. erectus s.l. may be unwarranted. Results of our analyses are compatible with different evolutionary scenarios, but a more precise chronological framework is needed for a thorough discussion of the evolutionary significance of this specimen. Future work should clarify its geological age, given uncertainties regarding its stratigraphic provenance.


Assuntos
Evolução Biológica , Fósseis , Hominidae , Fósseis/anatomia & histologia , Hominidae/anatomia & histologia , Hominidae/classificação , Animais , Turquia , Osso Frontal/anatomia & histologia
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(15): e37703, 2024 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38608083

RESUMO

RATIONALE: The present investigation documented a case of bilateral sinonasal inverted papilloma (SNIP) that arose from both sides of the frontal sinus and ethmoid sinus. The occurrence of bilateral involvement of the nasal cavities and frontal sinus is rather infrequent. PATIENT CONCERNS: Informed consent was obtained from the patient. DIAGNOSIS: Bilateral SNIP. INTERVENTIONS: The tumor was completely removed by Draf III endoscopic resection complemented by an external eyebrow arch approach, and the postoperative recovery was uneventful. OUTCOMES: The purpose of this paper is to present a comprehensive reference for the management of bilateral SNIP that affects the frontal sinuses. LESSONS: This study addresses the staging and surgical management of bilateral SNIP, along with a review of the factors contributing to its recurrence. The recommended treatment method involves applying the Draf III technique combined with an external nasal approach.


Assuntos
Seio Frontal , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Papiloma Invertido , Humanos , Seio Frontal/diagnóstico por imagem , Seio Frontal/cirurgia , Papiloma Invertido/cirurgia , Seio Etmoidal/cirurgia , Osso Frontal
4.
World Neurosurg ; 187: 35-41, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38552789

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The fronto-temporo-orbito-zygomatic (FTOZ) craniotomy is a commonly utilized surgical approach for many complex skull base lesions, especially lesions traversing skull base compartments. This craniotomy has evolved over multiple stages, originating from the classic pterional craniotomy and many variations that have emerged over time. METHODS: Few clinical and anatomic studies have both shaped these craniotomies as well as provided immense information about instances in which they are most useful. We review the origin and history of the one-piece and two-piece fronto-temporo-orbito-zygomatic craniotomy and deliberate their advantages and disadvantages. RESULTS: The FTOZ craniotomy provides access to the orbit as well as to multiple compartments in the cranium (anterior, middle and upper third posterior cranial fossae); thus, offering a multi-corridor approach to complex skull base lesions. The one-piece and two-piece fronto-temporo-orbitozygomatic craniotomies are two particularly notable variations that have stood the test of time. Selection between the two variations is mostly surgeon preference and comfort with the technique; however, there are certain indications that specifically suit each approach. Additionally, a pictorial review has been crafted to clearly illustrate the cuts to be made in both methods. CONCLUSION: Understanding the evolution of this craniotomy and surgical approach provides an insight into accessing complex skull base pathologies with minimal brain retraction via safe and viable corridors.


Assuntos
Craniotomia , Zigoma , Craniotomia/métodos , Humanos , Zigoma/cirurgia , Órbita/cirurgia , Órbita/anatomia & histologia , Osso Temporal/cirurgia , Osso Temporal/anatomia & histologia , Osso Frontal/cirurgia , Base do Crânio/cirurgia , História do Século XX
5.
Ann Plast Surg ; 92(5): 537-539, 2024 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38470820

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Fibrous dysplasia (FD) is a benign developmental disorder of the bone that causes normal skeletal tissue to be replaced by excess fibrous tissue and poorly differentiated osteoblasts. Intraosseous xanthomas are benign intraosseous tumor growths characterized microscopically by the presence of lipid-laden foamy histiocytes, often with cortical expansion or disruption. Although FD commonly occurs in craniofacial bones, primary intraosseous xanthomas of the skull or facial skeleton are extremely rare. Although 2 distinct conditions, each may be difficult to differentiate on CT imaging when occurring in the facial skeleton. METHODS: We report a case of an incidental finding on craniofacial CT of a frontal bone lesion originally thought to be FD. The finding was in a 55-year-old transgender woman who was assigned male at birth before receiving multiprocedural facial feminization surgery. RESULTS: The clinical features, radiological findings, and treatment are discussed. Postoperatively, the patient had no sequelae secondary to facial feminization surgery or to the orbital lesion biopsy procedure. Bone graft appeared stable on CT imaging, although FD did not appear to resolve completely. CONCLUSIONS: Diagnosis of such lesions is challenging and may require both radiographic and histopathologic assessment. As in the case of this patient, intraosseous xanthomas may also be misdiagnosed as other benign lesions such as FD. In most known cases, surgical intervention leads to complete resolution without recurrence of the lesion.


Assuntos
Xantomatose , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Feminino , Xantomatose/cirurgia , Xantomatose/diagnóstico , Xantomatose/patologia , Masculino , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Pessoas Transgênero , Achados Incidentais , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Osso Frontal/cirurgia , Osso Frontal/patologia , Cirurgia de Readequação Sexual/métodos , Doenças Ósseas/cirurgia , Doenças Ósseas/patologia , Doenças Ósseas/diagnóstico
6.
Int J Legal Med ; 138(4): 1727-1740, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38400922

RESUMO

The most significant sexual differences in the human skull are located in the upper third of the face (the frontal bone), which is a useful research object, mainly in combination with virtual anthropology methods. However, the influence of biological relatedness on sexual dimorphism and frontal bone variability remains unknown. This study was directed at sexual difference description and sex classification using the form and shape of the external surface of the frontal bones from a genealogically documented Central European osteological sample (nineteenth to twentieth centuries). The study sample consisted of 47 cranial CT images of the adult members of several branches of one family group over 4 generations. Three-dimensional virtual models of the frontal bones were analyzed using geometric morphometrics and multidimensional statistics. Almost the entire external frontal surface was significantly different between males and females, especially in form. Significant differences were also found between this related sample and an unrelated one. Sex estimation of the biologically related individuals was performed using the classification models developed on a sample of unrelated individuals from the recent Czech population (Cechová et al. in Int J Legal Med 133: 1285 1294, 2019), with a result of 74.46% and 63.83% in form and shape, respectively. Failure of this classifier was caused by the existence of typical traits found in the biologically related sample different from the usual manifestation of sexual dimorphism. This can be explained as due to the increased degree of similarity and the reduction of variability in biologically related individuals. The results show the importance of testing previously published methods on genealogical data.


Assuntos
Antropologia Forense , Osso Frontal , Imageamento Tridimensional , Determinação do Sexo pelo Esqueleto , Humanos , Determinação do Sexo pelo Esqueleto/métodos , Masculino , Feminino , Osso Frontal/diagnóstico por imagem , Osso Frontal/anatomia & histologia , Antropologia Forense/métodos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Adulto , Caracteres Sexuais
7.
Clin Anat ; 37(5): 505-521, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38420744

RESUMO

Hyperostosis frontalis interna (HFI) is a condition defined as abnormal bone growth on the posterior aspect of the frontal bone. Despite uncertainties regarding its etiology and prognosis, clinicians typically consider HFI a benign pathology. There are no studies organizing all the possible manifestations of the disease. The present study aims to organize all the clinical manifestations of HFI within the current case report/series literature. A blinded PRISMA-guided search of HFI case reports and case series yielded 43 relevant articles and provided 110 patients for analysis. The symptoms presenting alongside HFI were extracted and tabulated. We found high-frequency clinical manifestations of HFI (>20% of patients) to include headaches, obesity, vertigo/dizziness symptoms, cognitive decline, and depression. An additional 15 symptoms were tabulated at frequencies found to be less than 20%. Based on our analysis, we suggest the constellation of high-frequency symptoms can offer a more comprehensive clinical picture of symptomatic HFI which may be valuable to consider for clinicians and future researchers in the field of HFI.


Assuntos
Hiperostose Frontal Interna , Humanos , Cefaleia/etiologia , Tontura/etiologia , Vertigem/etiologia , Obesidade/complicações , Depressão , Disfunção Cognitiva/etiologia , Osso Frontal
8.
PeerJ ; 12: e16822, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38313009

RESUMO

As a member of Aceratheriinae, the genus Plesiaceratherium in Europe is widely distributed and highly diverse. However, only one species of Plesiaceratherium (i.e., P. gracile) exists in China with a discontinuous distribution range. Recently, we have discovered new materials of Plesiaceratherium in the lower layers of the Zhang'enbao Formation exposed in Miaoerling in Tongxin County, China. The new materials are well-preserved and can be separated from other Plesiaceratherium species by the following combination of features: the long and generally flat skull, with closed frontoparietal crests; the deep nasal notch at the level of P4; the high supraorbital margin, with its anterior margin at the level of the M1/M2 boundary; the medium-sized upper I1, with an oval abraded surface; the semi-molarized upper premolars with the protocone and hypocone joined by a lingual bridge; the strong constrictions of protocone on the upper molars; the absent buccal cingulum on upper cheek teeth; the cheek teeth are covered by cement on the buccal walls; the convex base of mandibular corpus; the inclined backward ramus; and the mandibular foramen above the teeth neck. Based on the combination of characteristics and phylogenetic analysis, we herein establish the new species as Plesiaceratherium tongxinense sp. nov. living in the late Early Miocene. Phylogenetic analysis reveals that P. tongxinense is in the basal position of the genus Plesiaceratherium, providing more detailed morphological characteristics of the plesiaceratheres.


Assuntos
Fósseis , Perissodáctilos , Animais , Filogenia , Osso Frontal/anatomia & histologia , China
9.
Kurume Med J ; 69(3.4): 195-199, 2024 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38233177

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: To investigate the locations of the anterior, middle, and posterior ethmoidal foramina and their relationships to the frontoethmoidal suture. METHODS: One hundred twenty sides from sixty adult human skulls were used. Specimens with significant damage to the medial orbit wall were excluded. The number of ethmoidal foramina (anterior, middle, and posterior) on the medial orbital wall and the relationship of each foramen to the frontoethmoidal suture were recorded and classified as follows: Type I: superior to the frontoethmoidal suture; Type II: on the frontoethmoidal suture; Type III: inferior to the frontoethmoidal suture. RESULTS: Of the ninety-four sides, fourteen (14.9%) had one foramen, sixty-two (66.0%) had two , and eighteen (19.1%) had three. In total, 192 ethmoidal foramina were observed. Among the fourteen sides with one foramen, eight foramina were anterior and six were posterior. Among the 192 ethmoidal foramina, 162 were eligible for fur ther classification (74 anterior, 14 middle, and 74 posterior). Types I, II, and III ethmoidal foramina were found in 38.3% (62/162), 61.7% (100/162), and 0% (0/162), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Our current study found a higher incidence of type I than previously reported. It is important to be aware of the significant incidence of foramen variations when the medial orbit wall is manipulated during surgery. Unless caution is observed, an inadvertent surgical injury can occur and lead to life-threatening complications. Therefore, a good understanding of orbital anatomy and its potential variations is critical for improving patient out comes.


Assuntos
Osso Etmoide , Osso Frontal , Humanos , Osso Etmoide/anatomia & histologia , Osso Etmoide/cirurgia , Osso Frontal/anatomia & histologia , Osso Frontal/cirurgia , Adulto , Cadáver , Órbita/anatomia & histologia , Órbita/cirurgia , Suturas Cranianas/anatomia & histologia , Masculino , Seio Etmoidal/cirurgia , Seio Etmoidal/anatomia & histologia , Feminino
10.
Childs Nerv Syst ; 40(4): 1277-1284, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38224363

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Infantile myofibromatosis is a rare entity of childhood characterized by benign myofibroblastic tumors in the soft tissues, the bones, and occasionally the viscera. Solitary skeletal lesions are relatively uncommon. Calvarial involvement should be distinguished from more aggressive tumors for appropriate treatment. METHODS: We reviewed solitary infantile myofibroma of the calvarium and discussed the relevant computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging findings along with differential diagnosis. A case study of the frontal bone in a 5-month-old girl was also presented. RESULTS: Fourteen cases were reviewed, including the current case. Of the 13 cases with known sex, eight were male and five female. The mean age was 3.03 with an age range of 0.41-9 years. Nine of the 14 tumors were in the frontal bone. The lesions were intradiploic with tabula interna and/or externa of the calvaria involvement. The mean largest diameter was 22.3 mm. Upon computed tomography, all the lesions were expansile and lytic, and hypoattenuated, isoattenuated or occasionally hyperatenuated. Calcification was not seen. On magnetic resonance imaging, most neoplasms were hypointense on T1-weighted and T2-weighted images. Neoplasms showed hypointense signal on diffusion-weighted imaging and hyperintense on apparent diffusion coefficient, without restricted diffusion in three cases. All lesions were intensely enhanced after gadolinium administration. Treatment was total surgical resection and recurrence was not observed during follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: Infantile myofibromas are rare, typically intradiploic expansile lytic lesions with tabula interna and/or externa involvement. Distinctive imaging features include the presence of hipointense signals on T2-weighted magnetic resonance images without restricted diffusion on diffusion-weighted imaging. A slow-growing, firm, painless, and nontender mass with supportive imaging findings should raise suspicion of the disease.


Assuntos
Miofibroma , Miofibromatose , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Imagem de Difusão por Ressonância Magnética , Osso Frontal/patologia , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Miofibroma/patologia , Miofibroma/cirurgia , Miofibromatose/diagnóstico , Miofibromatose/patologia , Miofibromatose/cirurgia
11.
Surg Radiol Anat ; 46(2): 181-184, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38265491

RESUMO

Variant foramina of the skull can lead to misdiagnosis on medical imaging and potentially, intraoperative complications if not appreciated. Here, we report an unusual foramen found superior to the frontozygomatic suture. The foramen was located on the left side at the superolateral rim of the orbit, 2.36 cm inferolateral to the supraorbital foramen. It was positioned 2.5 mm superior to the frontozygomatic suture. The foramen had a length of 3.1 mm and a width of 1.3 mm. The internal opening of the foramen was located 1.45 cm superolateral to the zygomaticotemporal foramen. We suggest that this foramen is a pathway for either a branch of the zygomatic nerve or lacrimal nerve and/or their vascular bundles. Although the prevalence of such a finding cannot be confirmed, such a case is of archival value as a comparison for future similar cases.


Assuntos
Osso Frontal , Órbita , Humanos , Osso Frontal/diagnóstico por imagem , Órbita/diagnóstico por imagem , Órbita/cirurgia , Suturas Cranianas , Cabeça , Nervo Maxilar
12.
J Craniofac Surg ; 35(1): e78-e81, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38063392

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The prevalence of trigonocephaly has increased worldwide over the past 2 decades. Early identification and appropriate treatment are critical. The aim of this study is to evaluate the outcomes and the effect of metopic suture excision, perisutural frontal bone shave, and bilateral pericranial flap method on the shape of the forehead after surgical correction in infants with moderate trigonocephaly. METHODS: The present study was performed as a cross-sectional study on 40 infants of 3 to 12 months old with trigonocephalus who underwent metopic suture excision and pericardial flap surgery in Mofid Pediatric Hospital from 2016 to 2022. The definitive diagnosis of patients' trigonocephaly was made based on clinical signs and computed tomography scan findings by a plastic surgeon. RESULTS: Overall in 40 patients operated by this technique, 23 (57.5%) of cases were males, and 17 (42.5%) were females. The mean age of patients was 7.86 ± 2.22 months. Hospital stay was 2 to 4 days (mean: 3 d), intensive care unit admission was in 33 cases for 24 hours, and no intensive care unit admission for 7 cases. Blood was transfused during surgery for 25 patients, and 15 patients did not require blood transfusion use. Results were evaluated in 6 to 12 months after surgery by 3 independent plastic surgeons, with pre and postoperative photos. Satisfaction with the results of forehead shape was excellent for 60% of patients, good for 37.5%, and moderate for 2.5%. Only one female patient had a recurrence after the surgery. CONCLUSION: This study showed that the pericranial flap method after full metopic suture excision and frontal shave was very effective in the treatment of infants with moderate trigonocephaly.


Assuntos
Craniossinostoses , Masculino , Lactente , Criança , Humanos , Feminino , Estudos Transversais , Craniossinostoses/diagnóstico por imagem , Craniossinostoses/cirurgia , Suturas Cranianas/diagnóstico por imagem , Suturas Cranianas/cirurgia , Craniotomia/métodos , Osso Frontal/cirurgia
14.
Cleft Palate Craniofac J ; 61(1): 144-149, 2024 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36017535

RESUMO

Complications after craniosynostosis surgery occur in 11% to 36% of cases and may be precipitated by poor soft tissue coverage and concomitant exposure of non-sterile regions; sequelae may result in infection, osteomyelitis, and bone loss requiring complex reconstruction. In the pediatric population, autologous cranioplasty remains the gold standard due to growth potential and a more favorable complication profile than synthetic cranioplasty. Virtual surgery planning (VSP) and computer-assisted design (CAD)/computer-assisted manufacturing (CAM) technology can be utilized to create innovative, patient-specific autologous solutions, similar to the approach with synthetic cranioplasty. A novel surgical approach using VSP was used for an 18-month-old female with near total bifrontal bone loss. Surface area measurements were used to determine the amount of bone available to replace the infected frontal bone. VSP was utilized to determine the most efficient construct configuration possible to achieve maximal coverage via calculation of cranial bone surface area measurements. Surgical reconstruction of the defect was planned as a Modified Visor Bone Flap with Posterior Brain Cage. A construct was fashioned from available cranial bone struts to obtain widespread coverage. 3D Recon images from before and after surgery demonstrate almost complete re-ossification of the cranial vault with significant resulting clinical improvement. Reconstruction of total frontal bone loss is possible by utilizing this technique. VSP can improve the safety and efficiency of complex autologous cranial bone reconstructions. We propose a treatment algorithm to address the problem of near total frontal bone loss in young children for whom alloplastic implants are not suitable.


Assuntos
Craniossinostoses , Implantes Dentários , Procedimentos de Cirurgia Plástica , Humanos , Criança , Feminino , Pré-Escolar , Lactente , Osso Frontal/cirurgia , Craniossinostoses/diagnóstico por imagem , Craniossinostoses/cirurgia , Crânio/cirurgia , Encéfalo , Estudos Retrospectivos
15.
Facial Plast Surg Aesthet Med ; 26(1): 79-82, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38100319

RESUMO

Background: Forehead contouring can be a component of facial feminization surgery (FFS). Its complications have been rarely reported on and are often described as "hypothetical." Methods: A case report of complications from forehead contouring resulting in frontal osteomyelitis and sinusitis. Results: A female patient presented with frontal osteomyelitis, sinusitis, and forehead contour deformity after a type III forehead contouring surgery. She had failed prior treatment including oral antibiotics, IV antibiotics, revision sinus surgery, and revision nasal surgery. For definitive treatment, she underwent an anterior table resection, sinus obliteration with bony contouring, and pericranial flap. Conclusions: Forehead contouring represents a recent significant advancement in FFS and gender-affirming therapy. Descriptions of complications and their management are important when novel therapies such as FFS are introduced. This case demonstrates complications from type III forehead contouring including osteomyelitis, frontal sinusitis, and forehead deformity.


Assuntos
Seio Frontal , Osteomielite , Sinusite , Feminino , Humanos , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Feminização , Osso Frontal/cirurgia , Seio Frontal/cirurgia , Osteomielite/etiologia , Osteomielite/cirurgia , Osteomielite/tratamento farmacológico , Sinusite/complicações , Sinusite/tratamento farmacológico
16.
Facial Plast Surg Aesthet Med ; 26(1): 83-84, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38100313

RESUMO

We present a complementary report of a 38-year-old XY intersex female with frontal mucopyocele developing 5 years after frontal setback for gender-affirming surgery to supplement recent report by Brown et al: Frontal Osteomyelitis and Sinusitis Complication After Type III Frontal Bone Cranioplasty for Facial Feminization by Brown et al.


Assuntos
Osteomielite , Sinusite , Masculino , Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Osso Frontal/cirurgia , Feminização , Sinusite/complicações , Face , Osteomielite/etiologia , Osteomielite/cirurgia
17.
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 23(3): 43-47, jul.-set. 2023. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1561199

RESUMO

Objetivo: Relatar o tratamento de fratura de osso frontal e OPN. Relato de caso: Paciente G.S.M, 25 anos, foi encaminhado ao serviço de Cirurgia e Traumatologia Bucomaxilofacial (CTBMF) do Hospital Geral Clériston Andrade (HGCA). Em análise facial, notaram-se lesões em tecidos moles, hiposfagma em ambos os globos oculares, equimose periorbital bilateral e edema da região hemifacial esquerda, além de crepitação em região de OPN. Após a solicitação de Tomografia Computadorizada (TC) de face observou-se fratura complexa em região de terço superior esquerdo e região de glabela, acometendo osso frontal e margem supra orbital esquerda, além de fratura de OPN sem deslocamento considerável. Foi realizada uma abordagem cruenta por meio de um acesso coronal, e por meio deste foi realizada a redução e fixação dos arcos com placas e parafusos de titânio do sistema 2.0. Para o tratamento da fratura de OPN optou-se por uma abordagem incruenta devido ao mínimo deslocamento. Conclusão: O tratamento cruento com redução aberta e fixação interna rígida, mostrou-se uma abordagem eficaz para o alinhamento das fraturas do osso frontal, da mesma forma, a abordagem incruenta da fratura de OPN, embora conservadora, também apresentou bons resultados, demonstrando o sucesso da técnica empregada nesse caso... (AU)


Objective: To report the treatment of frontal bone fracture and OPN. Case report: Patient G.S.M, 25 years old, was referred to the Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery and Traumatology Service (CTBMF) of Hospital Geral Clériston Andrade (HGCA). In facial analysis, soft tissue lesions, hyposphagma in both eyeballs, bilateral periorbital ecchymosis and edema of the left hemifacial region were noted, in addition to crackling in the OPN region. After requesting a Computed Tomography (CT) scan of the face, a complex fracture was observed in the upper left third and glabella region, affecting the frontal bone and left supraorbital margin, in 5addition to an OPN fracture without considerable displacement. An open approach was performed through a coronal access, and through this the arches were reduced and fixed with titanium plates and screws of the 2.0 system. For the treatment of the OPN fracture, a closed approach was chosen due to the minimal displacement. Conclusion: Open reduction treatment with open reduction and rigid internal fixation proved to be an effective approach for the alignment of frontal bone fractures. success of the technique employed in this case... (AU)


Objetivo: Reportar el tratamiento de la fractura de hueso frontal y OPN. Caso clínico: Paciente G.S.M, de 25 años de edad, remitido al Servicio de Cirugía y Traumatología Oral y Maxilofacial (CTBMF) del Hospital Geral Clériston Andrade (HGCA). En el análisis facial se observaron lesiones de partes blandas, hiposfagma en ambos globos oculares, equimosis periorbitaria bilateral y edema de región hemifacial izquierda, además de crepitantes en región OPN. Tras solicitar una tomografía computarizada (TC) de rostro, se objetivó una fractura compleja en tercio superior izquierdo y región de glabela, afectando hueso frontal y margen supraorbitario izquierdo, además de una fractura OPN sin desplazamiento importante. Se realizó un abordaje abierto a través de un acceso coronal, mediante el cual se redujeron las arcadas y se fijaron con placas de titanio y tornillos del sistema 2.0. Para el tratamiento de la fractura OPN se optó por un abordaje cerrado debido al mínimo desplazamiento. Conclusión: El tratamiento de reducción abierta con reducción abierta y fijación interna rígida demostró ser un abordaje eficaz para la alineación de las fracturas del hueso frontal, éxito de la técnica empleada en este caso... (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Adulto , Fixação Interna de Fraturas , Osso Frontal , Osso Frontal/lesões , Acidentes de Trânsito
18.
Nagoya J Med Sci ; 85(2): 395-401, 2023 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37346833

RESUMO

A 19-year-old woman presented with swelling of the left forehead without pain. She did not have any relevant past or family history. Computed tomography showed destruction of the outer cortex of the frontal bone. A solitary mass lesion with a fluid collection was detected with magnetic resonance imaging. Because the swelling of the left forehead had enlarged rapidly with osteolytic changes, surgical removal of the lesion was performed. The lesion appeared to be enveloped in a fibrous capsule. The soft lesion was removed from the frontal bone. The outer frontal bone was absent, although the inner frontal bone was preserved. Then, the frontal bone was resected with margins from the edge of the erosion. The dura mater under the lesion was intact. A cranioplasty was performed using titanium mesh. On histological examination, the trabecular bones revealed irregular shapes and arrangements, indicating fibrous dysplasia. There was a continuous high-cell-concentration pathological lesion outside the fibrous dysplasia. There were numerous cells, such as mononuclear cells, osteoclast-like multinucleated giant cells, foam cells, and red blood cells. The osteoclast-like multinucleated giant cells and other cells did not show significant nuclear atypia. Immunostaining with H3.3G34W was negative, and the ubiquitin-specific peptidase 6/Tre-2 gene showed no rearrangements. The histopathological diagnosis was secondary aneurysmal bone cyst with fibrous dysplasia. Additional postsurgical therapy was not performed. There has been no evidence of recurrence of the lesion for two years.


Assuntos
Cistos Ósseos Aneurismáticos , Displasia Fibrosa Óssea , Feminino , Humanos , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Cistos Ósseos Aneurismáticos/cirurgia , Cistos Ósseos Aneurismáticos/diagnóstico , Cistos Ósseos Aneurismáticos/patologia , Osso Frontal/cirurgia , Osso Frontal/patologia , Displasia Fibrosa Óssea/cirurgia , Displasia Fibrosa Óssea/complicações , Displasia Fibrosa Óssea/diagnóstico , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/efeitos adversos
19.
Childs Nerv Syst ; 39(9): 2399-2405, 2023 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37344678

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Growing skull fracture (GSF) is a rare complication of head trauma in the pediatric population, commonly observed in children younger than 3 years. DISCUSSION: In this report, the authors describe a case of a 3-year-old male child, with clinical features of Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS), who developed a GSF in frontal bone after a crib fall, treated with duraplasty and cranioplasty with autologous craft. Here, pertinent literature was reviewed with an emphasis on surgical techniques, and correlation with the mentioned syndrome. CONCLUSION: This is the first case of GSF in association with EDS in the literature. The relevance of the case described concerns the rarity of the condition itself, the atypical presentation, and the intraoperative findings, which showed the important fragility of the dura mater, probably due to EDS. Therefore, this syndrome, besides having influenced the pathogenesis, was also a challenging factor in the surgical treatment.


Assuntos
Traumatismos Craniocerebrais , Síndrome de Ehlers-Danlos , Fraturas Cranianas , Masculino , Criança , Humanos , Pré-Escolar , Fraturas Cranianas/complicações , Fraturas Cranianas/diagnóstico por imagem , Síndrome de Ehlers-Danlos/complicações , Síndrome de Ehlers-Danlos/cirurgia , Traumatismos Craniocerebrais/complicações , Osso Frontal/cirurgia
20.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(3): 749-757, jun. 2023. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1514300

RESUMO

SUMMARY: The study purposed to examine the morphometry and morphology of crista galli in cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) and apply a new analysis, supervised Machine Learning techniques to find the answers to research questions "Can sex be determined with crista galli morphometric measurements?" or "How effective are the crista galli morphometric measurements in determining sex?". Crista galli dimensions including anteroposterior, superoinferior, and laterolateral were measured and carried out on 200 healthy adult subjects (98 females; 102 males) aged between 18-79 years. Also, crista galli was classified with two methods called morphological types and Keros classification. In this study, the Chi-square test, Student's t-test, and Oneway ANOVA were performed. Additionally, Machine Learning techniques were applied. The means of the CGH, CGW, and CGL were found as 14.96 mm; 3.96 mm, and 12.76 mm in males, respectively. The same values were as 13.54 mm; 3.51 mm and 11.59±1.61 mm in females, respectively. The CG morphometric measurements of males were higher than those of females. There was a significant difference between sexes in terms of morphological classification type. Also, when the sex assignment of JRip was analyzed, out of 102 male instances 62 of them were correctly predicted, and for 98 female instances, 70 of them were correctly predicted according to their CG measurements. The JRip found the following classification rule for the given dataset: "if CGH<=14.4 then sex is female, otherwise sex is male". The accuracy of this rule is not high, but it gives an idea about the relationship between CG measurements and sex. Although the issue that CG morphometric measurements can be used in sex determination is still controversial, it was concluded in the analysis that CG morphometric measurements can be used in sex determination. Also, Machine Learning Techniques give an idea about the relationship between CG measurements and sex.


En el estudio se propuso examinar la morfometría y la morfología de la crista galli del hueso etmoides usando tomografía computarizada de haz cónico (CBCT) y aplicar un nuevo análisis, técnicas de aprendizaje automático supervisado para encontrar las respuestas a las preguntas de investigación "¿Se puede determinar el sexo con mediciones morfométricas de la crista galli?" o "¿Qué tan efectivas son las medidas morfométricas de la crista galli para determinar el sexo?". Las dimensiones de la crista galli, incluidas los diámetros anteroposterior, superoinferior y laterolateral, se midieron y realizaron en 200 sujetos adultos sanos (98 mujeres; 102 hombres) con edades comprendidas entre los 18 y los 79 años. La crista galli se clasificó con dos métodos llamados tipos morfológicos y clasificación de Keros. En este estudio, se realizaron la prueba de Chicuadrado, la prueba t de Student y ANOVA de una vía. Adicionalmente, se aplicaron técnicas de Machine Learning. Las medias de CGH, CGW y CGL se encontraron en 14,96 mm; 3,96 mm y 12,76 mm en hombres, respectivamente. Los mismos valores fueron 13,54 mm; 3,51 mm y 11,59 ± 1,61 mm en mujeres, respectivamente. Las medidas morfométricas del CG de los hombress fueron más altas que las de las mujeres. Hubo una diferencia significativa entre sexos en cuanto al tipo de clasificación morfológica. Además, cuando se analizó la asignación de sexo de JRip, de 102 instancias masculinas, 62 de ellas se predijeron correctamente, y de 98 instancias femeninas, 70 de ellas se predijeron correctamente de acuerdo con las mediciones de CG. El JRip encontró la siguiente regla de clasificación para el conjunto de datos dado: "si CGH<=14.4, por tanto el sexo es femenino, de lo contrario, el sexo es masculino". La precisión de esta regla no es alta, pero da una idea de la relación entre las medidas del CG y el sexo. Aunque la pregunta si las medidas morfométricas CG se pueden usar en la determinación del sexo sigue aún siendo controvertida. Se concluyó en el análisis que las medidas morfométricas CG se pueden usar en la determinación del sexo. Además, las técnicas de aprendizaje automático dan una idea de la relación entre las medidas de CG y el sexo.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Adulto Jovem , Osso Esfenoide/diagnóstico por imagem , Osso Etmoide/diagnóstico por imagem , Determinação do Sexo pelo Esqueleto , Osso Frontal/diagnóstico por imagem , Osso Esfenoide/anatomia & histologia , Osso Etmoide/anatomia & histologia , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Aprendizado de Máquina , Osso Frontal/anatomia & histologia
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...