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2.
Omega (Westport) ; 82(3): 488-499, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30577718

RESUMO

Social workers were introduced to funeral homes in China amid the transition and expansion of both the funeral home industry and the social work profession and are proving to play a valuable, though under-researched role in serving not just clients but also communities and funeral home staff. Funeral home social work fills gaps in after-death care and mental health and is distinct from palliative, hospice, end-of-life, and bereavement social work. Based on the experiences of funeral homes that employ social workers, this article argues that this innovation may bring new ideas to bridge some of the service gaps in after-death care in China and globally. This article outlines the support that will be needed from funeral homes, social work service agencies, and educational and research institutes to facilitate further development of funeral home mental health and social services and to promote the professionalization of funeral home social workers in China.


Assuntos
Funerárias , Cuidados Paliativos na Terminalidade da Vida , China , Humanos , Cuidados Paliativos , Serviço Social
3.
Cell Tissue Bank ; 22(2): 241-247, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33175287

RESUMO

We have experienced numerous new challenges during the process of brain harvesting in the period of COVID-19. Although brain harvests have continued successfully during this time period, the numerous uncertainties and challenges described in this paper have nearly derailed the process several times. While the interface of the medical profession with patients in the context of a pandemic has been well-documented on several fronts, and particularly for those health care workers on the front lines, we are not aware of any documentary accounts of the challenges facing research and tissue donation programs. With this paper, we contribute an additional perspective and describe the lessons we have learned in addressing these novel issues.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Bancos de Tecidos/estatística & dados numéricos , Obtenção de Tecidos e Órgãos/estatística & dados numéricos , Arizona , Encéfalo , Funerárias/estatística & dados numéricos , Rituais Fúnebres , Humanos , Illinois , Michigan , New Jersey , New York , SARS-CoV-2 , Washington
4.
Multimedia | Recursos Multimídia | ID: multimedia-6616
7.
Guatemala; MSPAS; 20 jul 2020. 5 p.
Monografia em Espanhol | LILACS, LIGCSA | ID: biblio-1150753

RESUMO

Objetivo del documento: disponer de lineamientos básicos de desinfección para las personas que realizan el proceso de la localización, identificación, traslado y entrega en cementerios de cadáveres por COVID-19, evitando así la propagación del mismo.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Infecções por Coronavirus/mortalidade , Cemitérios/normas , Funerárias/normas , Cadáver , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Restos Mortais , Guatemala
8.
Guatemala; MSPAS, Unidad de Gestion de Riesgos; 22 jun 2020. 28 p. graf.
Não convencional em Espanhol | LILACS, LIGCSA | ID: biblio-1096398

RESUMO

Establece los lineamientos a seguir durante en el proceso del manejo de cadáveres infectados con el Coronavirus COVID-19 en todo el territorio nacional. Describe procedimientos para servicios de salud y funerarias, en el trato de los cuerpos.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pneumonia Viral/mortalidade , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Cadáver , Infecções por Coronavirus/mortalidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Betacoronavirus , Autopsia , Saneamento/métodos , Cemitérios/normas , Necrotério/métodos , Funerárias/normas , Guatemala/epidemiologia
10.
Guatemala; MSPAS, Unidad de Gestión de Riesgos; 03 abril 2020. 17 p. graf.
Monografia em Espanhol | LILACS, LIGCSA | ID: biblio-1150650

RESUMO

Versión 03 de abril 2020. Establece los lineamientos a seguir durante en el proceso del manejo de cadáveres infectados con el Coronavirus COVID-19 en todo el territorio nacional. Describe procedimientos para servicios de salud y funerarias, en el trato de los cuerpos.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pneumonia Viral/mortalidade , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Cadáver , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Betacoronavirus , Autopsia , Saneamento/métodos , Infecções por Coronavirus/mortalidade , Cemitérios/normas , Necrotério/métodos , Funerárias/normas , Guatemala/epidemiologia
11.
Omega (Westport) ; 80(4): 544-567, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29235385

RESUMO

As a result of recent economic changes in the United States and cultural changes among the population, the funeral industry has experienced a "legitimation crisis." The objective of this research is to examine new advertising and marketing strategies engaged in by professionals in the funeral industry to respond to market and cultural changes that have affected both the funeral industry at large and the role of the funeral director as a participant in this industry. A meta-analysis of articles from issues of the industry trade journal American Funeral Director for the years 2008 through 2015 was conducted. Two major themes emerged from the data. First, that funeral home owners should respond to market changes by using their assets for diverse reasons and second that forms of community engagement can create feelings of goodwill that will increase usage and loyalty from families. Within each of these major themes, a variety of subthemes emerged from the data.


Assuntos
Funerárias/economia , Humanos , Marketing , Estados Unidos
12.
Death Stud ; 44(6): 379-383, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30663945

RESUMO

Funeral services sector personnel are at risk of contracting infectious diseases and have poor adherence to universal safety precautions. More work needs to be done to understand this industry; however, there is limited information on conducting research within this sector. This manuscript draws on experiences and observations of funeral services study describing lessons learned in the field, particularly emphasizing attempts to engage funeral homes in research and the impact of this work on the research team. Factors to be considered before researching in this sector: obtaining approvals, identification as researchers, and in-house emotional support for the research team.


Assuntos
Funerárias , Práticas Mortuárias , Doenças Profissionais , Pesquisa/normas , Adulto , Humanos , Pesquisadores/psicologia , África do Sul
13.
S Afr Med J ; 109(8): 587-591, 2019 Jul 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31456554

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Funeral home personnel are at risk of exposure to infectious hazards. The high prevalence of infectious diseases in South Africa means that these workers and family members of deceased individuals are vulnerable to infection if proper safety measures and equipment are not used. OBJECTIVES:  To collect observational information on funeral industry practices in order to assess the safety of handling corpses and exposure to risk that could result in disease transmission. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted across two locations from August to October 2015. Funeral homes in Klerksdorp and Soweto were approached. The study team did facility assessments and observed preparation practices, focusing on safety equipment, personal protective equipment (PPE) and contact with hazardous materials. Interviews with funeral home personnel and relatives of the deceased were also conducted. RESULTS: Of the funeral homes, 23.0% (20/87) agreed to participate. A median of 5 personnel (interquartile range 4 - 8) were employed per facility. It was observed that not all PPE was used despite availability. Gloves, aprons and face masks were most commonly worn, and no personnel were observed wearing boots, gowns or plastic sleeves. Funeral homes were located near food outlets, schools and open public spaces, and not all had access to proper biohazardous waste disposal services. Of 5 family members who were interviewed for the study, none reported being willing to partake in the funeral preparation procedure. CONCLUSIONS: There is a need to standardise the use of safety equipment, waste disposal methods and location designation in the funeral industry.


Assuntos
Funerárias , Eliminação de Resíduos de Serviços de Saúde , Equipamento de Proteção Individual/estatística & dados numéricos , Gestão da Segurança , Adulto , Idoso , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis , Estudos Transversais , Transmissão de Doença Infecciosa , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , África do Sul , Vacinação/estatística & dados numéricos , Instalações de Eliminação de Resíduos , Ferimentos e Lesões/epidemiologia
14.
Environ Pollut ; 252(Pt B): 1476-1482, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31265958

RESUMO

The process of embalming human remains as part of the funeral home industry, entails replacing blood with embalming fluid. Typically the unused/excess fluids are disposed of directly to the sewershed or septic system. The presence of select contaminants in sewer discharges from 8 funeral homes (facilities) in York Region, Ontario during active embalming processes was studied. A wide range of contaminants including embalming fluids (formaldehyde and triclosan); metals, conventional parameters, persistent organic pollutants (polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, pesticides, and polychlorinated byphenyls), nonyl phenols and active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) were measured in the final embalming effluent and compared to regulatory sewer limits where available. Two main constituents of embalming fluids-formaldehyde and triclosan-were detected at maximum concentrations of 561,000 µg/L and 505 µg/L respectively. Other persistent organic pollutants detected in embalming effluent included banned pesticides lindane (83 ng/L) and metabolites of DDT (DDE; 2,300 ng/L). Elevated APIs found in over-the-counter drugs and products were also frequently detected at elevated concentrations (oxybenzone, hydrocortisone, lidocaine, naproxen, ibuprofen, ciprofloxacin and DEET). Most contaminants did not exceed regulatory sewer limits where available, however others including biochemical oxygen demand (cBOD5) and conventional parameters were consistently above regulatory limits. Large amounts of formaldehyde and triclosan may pose a risk to receiving sewersheds and receiving sewage treatment plants due to their antimicrobial activities.


Assuntos
Embalsamamento/métodos , Formaldeído/análise , Esgotos/química , Triclosan/análise , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Funerárias , Humanos , Ontário , Praguicidas/análise , Preparações Farmacêuticas/análise , Bifenilos Policlorados/análise , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos/análise
15.
Death Stud ; 43(7): 446-455, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30623744

RESUMO

A growing number of companies are offering digital products and services for use in funerals. Drawing on interdisciplinary research in Australia, the United Kingdom and the United States, we explore how funeral directors operate as intermediaries for these digital products and services. We critically examine the popular framing of the funeral industry as a "conservative" business and examine how funeral directors actively mediate between their clients and the companies offering innovative products and services. This study provides an account of current developments in the funeral economy as well as a broader narrative about how funeral industry professionals have engaged with technology.


Assuntos
Atitude Frente a Morte , Meios de Comunicação/tendências , Funerárias , Rituais Fúnebres , Austrália , Humanos , Inovação Organizacional , Reino Unido , Estados Unidos
16.
Cell Tissue Bank ; 19(4): 473-488, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30220002

RESUMO

A review of the brain banking literature reveals a primary focus either on the factors that influence the decision to become a future donor or on the brain tissue processing that takes place after the individual has died (i.e., the front-end or back-end processes). What has not been sufficiently detailed, however, is the complex and involved process that takes place after this decision to become a future donor is made yet before post-mortem processing occurs (i.e., the large middle-ground). This generally represents a period of many years during which the brain bank is actively engaged with donors to ensure that valuable clinical information is prospectively collected and that their donation is eventually completed. For the past 15 years, the Essential Tremor Centralized Brain Repository has been actively involved in brain banking, and our experience has provided us valuable insights that may be useful for researchers interested in establishing their own brain banking efforts. In this piece, we fill a gap in the literature by detailing the processes of enrolling participants, creating individualized brain donation plans, collecting clinical information and regularly following-up with donors to update that information, and efficiently coordinating the brain harvest when death finally arrives.


Assuntos
Encéfalo/fisiologia , Bancos de Tecidos , Doadores de Tecidos , Funerárias , Humanos , Obtenção de Tecidos e Órgãos
17.
J Med Humanit ; 39(2): 195-215, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27928653

RESUMO

This article examines the women-led natural deathcare movment in the early 21st century U.S., focusing upon the movement's non-coincidental epistemological and gender-political similarities to the natural childbirth movement. Adopting an interdisciplinary approach and drawing upon the author's intensive interviews with pioneers and leaders of the U.S. natural deathcare movement, as well as from the author's own participation in the movement, this article argues that the political similarities between the countercultural natural childbirth and natural deathcare movements reveal a common cultural provocation-one that spans the natal transition and the fatal transition.


Assuntos
Identidade de Gênero , Mudança Social , Assistência Terminal , Feminino , Funerárias , Humanos , Entrevistas como Assunto , Poder Psicológico , Estados Unidos
18.
J Occup Health ; 59(6): 572-580, 2017 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28993573

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Nanoparticles (NPs), including hazardous substances, are generated in crematoriums due to the high temperatures during the combustion process. NPs are reported to greatly impact animals' health by reaching the alveoli and being carried to the entire body through the blood stream. However, studies in crematoriums have yet to assess workers' exposure to the generated NPs. The purpose of this study is to assess workers' exposure to NPs released in crematoriums. METHODS: Field surveys were conducted in three crematoriums with an emphasis on cremation, bone rearrangement and cleaning processes. The NP concentrations and size distributions were analyzed. The deposition of NPs in each respiratory region during each working process was calculated based on the measured data using the Human Respiratory Tract Model. RESULTS: The mean particle number concentration was maximized momentarily during the bone rearrangement process. The concentration at the time a crematory's door was opened was 500,000 particle/cm3. NPs aggregated to micro-sized particles within a few minutes, dust generated by the bone rearrangement, or both. As a result of model calculation, the mean ratios (alveolar per the other regions by a crematory) were approximately 3.0 (bronchus and bronchioles regions: except for the first survey in crematorium A which had the obstruction of measurement) and 4.3 (extrathoracic airways). The ratios were similar for all crematoriums. CONCLUSIONS: These results can be used for health risk assessments in crematoriums. In addition, these results should be applicable to estimate the inhalation unit risk of each respiratory organ such as lungs and nose.


Assuntos
Exposição por Inalação/análise , Nanopartículas/análise , Exposição Ocupacional/análise , Alvéolos Pulmonares/fisiologia , Osso e Ossos , Poeira/análise , Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos , Funerárias , Humanos , Japão , Tamanho da Partícula , Sistema Respiratório
19.
J Occup Environ Hyg ; 14(9): 674-680, 2017 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28609169

RESUMO

PURPOSE: A United States industry-specific gap analysis survey of the death care sector-which comprises organizations and businesses affiliated with the funeral industry and the handling of human remains- was developed, the results analyzed, and training and education needs in relation to highly infectious disease mitigation and management were explored in an effort to identify where occupational health and safety can be enhanced in this worker population. METHODS: Collaborating national death care organizations distributed the 47-question electronic survey. N = 424 surveys were initiated and results recorded. The survey collected death care sector-specific information pertaining to the comfortability and willingness to handle highly infectious remains; perceptions of readiness, current policies and procedures in place to address highly infectious diseases; current highly infectious disease training levels, available resources, and personal protective equipment. RESULTS: One-third of respondents have been trained on how to manage highly infectious remains. There was a discrepancy between Supervisor/Management and Employee/Worker perceptions on employees' willingness and comfortability to manage potentially highly infectious remains. More than 40% of respondents did not know the correct routes of transmission for viral hemorrhagic fevers. CONCLUSIONS: Results suggest death care workers could benefit from increasing up-to-date industry-specific training and education on highly infectious disease risk mitigation and management. Professional death care sector organizations are positioned to disseminate information, training, and best practices.


Assuntos
Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis/métodos , Cremação/estatística & dados numéricos , Funerárias/estatística & dados numéricos , Práticas Mortuárias/educação , Doenças Transmissíveis/transmissão , Febres Hemorrágicas Virais/transmissão , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Estados Unidos
20.
Psicol. soc. (Online) ; 28(2): 226-236, mai.-ago. 2016. graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-784259

RESUMO

Resumo Este artigo busca compreender o que os rituais funerários contemporâneos revelam sobre as maneiras com as quais as pessoas têm lidado com a morte e o morrer na atualidade. Desse eixo surgem reflexões sobre a relação dos homens com a finitude, evidenciando que os modos atuais de lidar com a morte e o morrer envolvem processos de mercantilização, patologização, medicalização e espetacularização. Esta publicação é oriunda de pesquisa de doutorado em psicologia social e apoiada metodologicamente em uma das vertentes da etnografia: a etnografia crítica. Foi realizada entre os anos de 2010 e 2014 no Brasil e em Portugal. O crescente uso de serviços funerários de "tanatoestética" aponta não somente técnicas de maquiagem dos mortos, mas também estratégias de maquiagem da morte. Essa dissimulação é sinalizada pela redução progressiva do espaço que a sociedade contemporânea destina ao luto e ao sofrimento, categorias cada vez mais equiparadas a condições patológicas.


Resumen Este artículo busca comprender lo que revelan los ritos funerarios contemporáneos acerca de las maneras conque la gente ha tratado la muerte y el morir. De este eje surjen reflecciones sobre la relacción del humano con la finitud. Evidenciando que los modos actuales de lidear con la muerte involucran procesos de mercantilización, patologización, medicalización y espetacularización. Esta publicación se origina de una investigación de doctorado en psicologia social y se enbasa metodologicamente en la etnografia crítica. Se realizó entre los años de 2010 y 2014 en Brasil y en Portugal. El cresciente uso de servicios funerarios de "tanatoestética" apunta no solo a la utilización de maquillage de los muertos, como tanbién a estratégias de maquillage de la propia muerte. Esta disimulación és remarcada por la reducción progresiva del espacio que la sociedad contemporánea destina al luto y al sufrimiento, categorias cada vez mas asociadas a condiciones patológicas.


Abstract This paper aims to understand what the contemporary funeral rituals reveal about the ways used by people to deal with death and dying nowadays. From that central concept, new reflections ramify about the relation-ship between men and time and being finite. It's made evident that the modern ways of dealing with death and dying involve flagrant marketing, pathological, medical and speculative processes. The fast growing presence of tanatoaesthetics in funerary services points out not only some make-up techniques of the dead, but also the existence of make-up strategies of death. That conceal is marked by the progressive reduction of the space that our modern society assign to the mourning and the suffering, categories that each day are more often compared to pathologies.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Luto , Morte , Mercantilização , Medicalização , Funerárias
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