Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 1.348
Filtrar
1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(25): e38081, 2024 Jun 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38905385

RESUMO

A multicenter retrospective analysis of conventionally collected data. To identify the potential causes of hypoproteinemia after traumatic spinal cord injury (TSCI) and provide a diagnostic model for predicting an individual likelihood of developing hypoproteinemia. Hypoproteinemia is a complication of spinal cord injury (SCI), an independent risk factor for respiratory failure in elderly patients with SCI, and a predictor of outcomes in patients with cervical SCI. Few nomogram-based studies have used clinical indicators to predict the likelihood of hypoproteinemia following TSCI. This multicenter retrospective clinical analysis included patients with TSCI admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, Wuzhou GongRen Hospital, and Dahua Yao Autonomous County People Hospital between 2016 and 2020. The data of patients from the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University were used as the training set, and those from the other 2 hospitals were used as the validation set. All patient histories, diagnostic procedures, and imaging findings were recorded. To predict whether patients with TSCI may develop hypoproteinemia, a least absolute shrinkage and selection operator regression analysis was conducted to create a nomogram. The model was validated by analyzing the consequences using decision curve analysis, calibration curves, the C-index, and receiver operating characteristic curves. After excluding patients with missing data, 534 patients were included in this study. Male/female sex, age ≥ 60 years, cervical SCI, pneumonia, pleural effusion, urinary tract infection (UTI), hyponatremia, fever, hypotension, and tracheostomy were identified as independent risk factors of hypoalbuminemia. A simple and easy-to-replicate clinical prediction nomogram was constructed using these factors. The area under the curve was 0.728 in the training set and 0.881 in the validation set. The predictive power of the nomogram was satisfactory. Hypoalbuminemia after TSCI may be predicted using the risk factors of male/female sex, age ≥ 60 years, cervical SCI, pneumonia, pleural effusion, UTI, hyponatremia, fever, hypotension, and tracheostomy.


Assuntos
Hipoproteinemia , Nomogramas , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal , Humanos , Feminino , Masculino , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/complicações , Estudos Retrospectivos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Adulto , Hipoproteinemia/etiologia , Fatores de Risco , Curva ROC , China/epidemiologia
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(10): e37400, 2024 Mar 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38457551

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Cytokine storm is now considered to be a systemic inflammatory response, but local cytokine storm may exist in systemic diseases of the blood system. Monitoring of regional cytokine storm is an important clue for the diagnosis of systemic diseases. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 72-years-old male presented to our hospital with multiple serosal effusion without solid mass or enlarged lymph nodes. We found that the level of cytokines in ascites was tens to hundreds of times higher than that in plasma, mainly IL-6 and IL-8. DIAGNOSES: The patient was diagnosed with multiple serous effusion, hemophagocytic syndrome, B-cell lymphoma, Epstein-Barr virus infection, and hypoproteinemia. INTERVENTIONS: During hospitalization, the patient was treated with 5 courses of R-CVEP therapy and supportive treatment. OUTCOMES: After the first R-CVEP regimen, the patient's condition was evaluated as follows: hemophagocytic syndrome improved: no fever; Serum triglyceride 2.36 mmol/L; Ferritin 70.70 ng/L; no hemophagocyte was found in the bone marrow; the lymphoma was relieved, ascites disappeared, and bone marrow cytology showed: the bone marrow hyperplasia was reduced, and small platelet clusters were easily seen. Bone marrow flow cytometry showed that lymphocytes accounted for 13.7%, T cells increased for 85.7%, CD4/CD8 = 0.63, B cells decreased significantly for 0.27%, and NK cells accounted for 10.2%. Blood routine returned to normal: WBC 5.27 × 109/L, HB 128 g/L, PLT 129 × 109/L; Epstein-Barr virus DNA < 5.2E + 02 copies/mL; correction of hypoproteinemia: albumin 39.7 g/L. LESSONS: Cytokines in ascites are significantly higher than those in plasma by tens to hundreds of times, suggesting that "regional cytokine storms" may cause serosal effusion.


Assuntos
Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr , Hipoproteinemia , Linfo-Histiocitose Hemofagocítica , Linfoma de Células B , Humanos , Masculino , Idoso , Linfo-Histiocitose Hemofagocítica/diagnóstico , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/diagnóstico , Síndrome da Liberação de Citocina , Herpesvirus Humano 4 , Ascite/etiologia , Citocinas
3.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38548400

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the epidemiological characteristics and risk factors of catheter-associated urinary tract infections in patients with perineal and/or hip burns. Methods: This study was a retrospective case series study. From January 2018 to December 2022, 260 patients with perineal and/or hip burns and urinary catheters indwelling who met the inclusion criteria were admitted to the Department of Burns and Wound Repair of the Second Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine, including 192 males and 68 females, aged 20-93 years. The total incidence of catheter-associated urinary tract infections in patients with perineal and/or hip burns, the detection of pathogenic bacteria, and the resistance of major Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria to commonly used antimicrobial drugs in clinic were recorded. According to whether catheter-associated urinary tract infection occurred or not, the patients were divided into infection group (43 cases) and non-infection group (217 cases). The basic conditions including gender, age, total burn area, depth of perineal burn, depth of hip burn, and burn site on admission, complications of diabetes mellitus, inhalation injury, and hypoproteinaemia, invasive operations including tracheotomy and non-perineal/hip debridement/skin transplantation surgery, duration of catheter retention, number of urethral catheterization, and bladder irrigation of patients between the two groups were compared, and the independent risk factors influencing the occurrence of catheter-associated urinary tract infections in patients with perineal and/or hip burns were screened. Results: The total incidence of catheter-associated urinary tract infections in patients with perineal and/or hip burns in this study was 16.5% (43/260). The pathogens detected were predominantly Gram-negative, followed by fungi; the main Gram-negative bacterium was Klebsiella pneumoniae, and the main Gram-positive bacterium was Enterococcus faecalis. The resistance rates of Klebsiella pneumoniae to amoxicillin/clavulanic acid, amitraz, amikacin, ciprofloxacin, ceftriaxone, and levofloxacin were higher than 70.0%, the resistance rates of Klebsiella pneumoniae to cefoxitin, cefoperazone/sulbactam, cefepime, meropenem, imipenem, and piperacillin/tazobactam ranged from 56.3% to 68.8%, and the resistance rates of Klebsiella pneumoniae to ceftazidime and tigecycline were lower than 50.0%. The resistance rates of Enterococcus faecalis to ciprofloxacin and penicillin were both 85.7%, the resistance rates of Enterococcus faecalis to erythromycin, clindamycin, moxifloxacin, and tetracycline ranged from 14.3% to 57.1%, and the resistance rates of Enterococcus faecalis to linezolid, tigecycline, and vancomycin were all 0. The differences were statistically significant between the two groups in terms of gender, status of complication of hypoproteinaemia, depth of perineal burn, status of non-perineal/hip debridement/skin transplantation surgery, status of bladder irrigation, number of urethral catheterization, and duration of catheter retention of patients (with χ2 values of 7.80, 4.85, 10.68, 9.11, and 16.48, respectively, and Z values of -4.88 and -5.42, respectively, P<0.05). There were no statistically significant differences in the age, total burn area, complications of diabetes mellitus and inhalation injury, burn site, depth of hip burns, and status of tracheotomy of patients between the two groups (P>0.05). Multifactorial logistic regression analysis showed that gender, deep partial-thickness perineal burns, non-perineal/hip debridement/skin transplantation surgery, bladder irrigation, and duration of catheter retention were the independent risk factors for catheter-associated urinary tract infections in patients with perineal and/or hip burns (with odds ratios of 2.86, 2.63, 2.79, 2.34, and 1.04, respectively, with 95% confidence intervals of 1.21-6.73, 1.03-6.71, 1.03-7.59, 1.05-5.22, and 1.02-1.06, respectively, P<0.05). Conclusions: The incidence of catheter-associated urinary tract infections is high in patients with perineal and/or hip burns, with Klebsiella pneumoniae as the predominant pathogenic bacteria having a high resistance rate to commonly used antimicrobial drugs in clinic. Gender, deep partial-thickness perineal burns, non-perineal/hip debridement/skin transplantation surgery, bladder irrigation, and duration of catheter retention are the independent risk factors for catheter-associated urinary tract infections in patients with perineal and/or hip burns.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos , Queimaduras , Complicações do Diabetes , Hipoproteinemia , Infecções Urinárias , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Tigeciclina , Estudos Retrospectivos , Queimaduras/complicações , Ciprofloxacina , Infecções Urinárias/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Catéteres , Hipoproteinemia/complicações , Complicações do Diabetes/complicações
4.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 27(2): 189-195, 2024 Feb 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38413088

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the prevalence and risk factors of sarcopenia in patients following radical gastrectomy with the aim of guiding clinical decisions. Methods: This was a retrospective observational study of data of patients who had undergone radical gastrectomy between June 2021 and June 2022 at the Department of General Surgery, First Medical Center of Chinese PLA General Hospital. Participants were reviewed 9-12 months after surgery. Inclusion criteria were as follows: (1) radical gastrectomy with a postoperative pathological diagnosis of primary gastric cancer; (2) no invasion of neighboring organs, peritoneal dissemination, or distant metastasis confirmed intra- or postoperatively; (3) availability of complete clinical data, including abdominal enhanced computed tomography and pertinent blood laboratory tests 9-12 after surgery. Exclusion criteria were as follows: (1) age <18 years; (2) presence of gastric stump cancer or previous gastrectomy; (3) history of or current other primary tumors within the past 5 years; (4) preoperative diagnosis of sarcopenia (skeletal muscle index [SMI) ≤52.4 cm²/m² for men, SMI ≤38.5 cm²/m² for women). The primary focus of the study was to investigate development of postoperative sarcopenia in the study cohort. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression were used to identify the factors associated with development of sarcopenia after radical gastrectomy. Results: The study cohort comprised 373 patients of average age of 57.1±12.3 years, comprising 292 (78.3%) men and 81 (21.7%) women. Postoperative sarcopenia was detected in 81 (21.7%) patients in the entire cohort. The SMI for the entire group was (41.79±7.70) cm2/m2: (46.40±5.03) cm2/m2 for men and (33.52±3.63) cm2/m2 for women. According to multivariate logistic regression analysis, age ≥60 years (OR=2.170, 95%CI: 1.175-4.007, P=0.013), high literacy (OR=2.512, 95%CI: 1.238-5.093, P=0.011), poor exercise habits (OR=3.263, 95%CI: 1.648-6.458, P=0.001), development of hypoproteinemia (OR=2.312, 95%CI: 1.088-4.913, P=0.029), development of hypertension (OR=2.169, 95%CI: 1.180-3.984, P=0.013), and total gastrectomy (OR=2.444, 95%CI:1.214-4.013,P=0.012) were independent risk factors for postoperative sarcopenia in post-gastrectomy patients who had had gastric cancer (P<0.05). Conclusion: Development of sarcopenia following radical gastrectomy demands attention. Older age, higher education, poor exercise habits, hypoproteinemia, hypertension, and total gastrectomy are risk factors for its development post-radical gastrectomy.


Assuntos
Hipertensão , Hipoproteinemia , Sarcopenia , Neoplasias Gástricas , Masculino , Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Adolescente , Sarcopenia/etiologia , Sarcopenia/complicações , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Prevalência , Gastrectomia/efeitos adversos , Gastrectomia/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Hipertensão/complicações , Hipertensão/cirurgia , Hipoproteinemia/complicações , Hipoproteinemia/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Prognóstico
5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(5): e37078, 2024 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38306508

RESUMO

To explore the effect of hypoproteinemia on cardiac function and prognosis in elderly male patients with chronic heart failure. Among the patients with chronic heart failure hospitalized in the General Hospital of Southern Theater Command from December 2014 to December 2015, 100 elderly male patients with chronic heart failure were selected. The patients were divided into 2 groups based on their serum albumin (ALB) levels: 53 cases in the normal group (ALB ≥ 35 g/L) and 47 cases in the hypoproteinemia group (ALB < 35 g/L). Using the method of prospective study, under the condition of routine treatment of heart failure, follow-up observation for 5 years, we collected relevant data and analyzed the level of serum ALB, cardiac function and prognosis of patients in these 2 groups. The mortality of patients in the hyporoteinemia group were significantly higher than those in the normal group. Left ventricular end-diastolic dimension (LVDD) and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) in the normal group after 5 years were markedly lower compared with that in the hypoproteinemia group. The mortality of patients with chronic heart failure with hypoproteinemia were higher, and the present study indicated that the ALB level may be associated with the mortality of patients with chronic heart failure.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca , Hipoproteinemia , Humanos , Masculino , Idoso , Estudos Prospectivos , Prognóstico , Doença Crônica , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico
6.
Pediatr Int ; 66(1): e15722, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38299706

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The urine protein to creatinine ratio (UPCR) correlates well with the 24-h urine protein test (24-h UPT) and is a reliable indicator of proteinuria. However, in nephrotic syndrome, the correlation between the UPCR and the 24-h UPT tends to decrease. To address this, we introduced the fractional excretion of total protein (FETP), which reflects serum total protein and creatinine levels because severe hypoproteinemia and/or elevated serum creatinine levels tend to occur under these conditions. The 24-h UPT corrected for body surface area (BSA) (24-h UPT/BSA) was used to take body size into consideration. The correlation coefficients for 24-h UPT/BSA and FETP and 24-h UPT/BSA and UPCR were calculated. The statistical significance of the differences between these coefficients was also calculated. METHODS: Thirty-six pediatric patients with nephrotic syndrome were included in this study. The FETP was calculated as total protein clearance/creatinine clearance (%). Correlation coefficients were calculated for 24-h UPT/BSA and FETP and 24-h UPT/BSA and UPCR. The statistical significance of the differences between these coefficients was also calculated. RESULTS: The mean ± standard error of FETP was 0.11% ± 0.013%. The correlation coefficients of FETP and UPCR with 24-h UPT/BSA were 0.91 and 0.81, respectively. The FETP demonstrated a significantly stronger correlation with 24-h UPT/BSA than with UPCR (p = 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: The FETP correlated more strongly with 24-h UPT/BSA than with UPCR in patients with nephrotic syndrome. The FETP is a reliable indicator of proteinuria in nephrotic syndrome, especially in patients with severe hypoproteinemia or elevated serum creatinine levels.


Assuntos
Hipoproteinemia , Síndrome Nefrótica , Humanos , Criança , Síndrome Nefrótica/diagnóstico , Síndrome Nefrótica/urina , Creatinina/urina , Proteinúria/diagnóstico , Proteinúria/urina , Urinálise
7.
Int Urol Nephrol ; 56(2): 731-737, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37542595

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate the ability of phase angle and body composition to identify risk factors for mortality among patients receiving maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) treatment. METHODS: In this retrospective study, we examined the causes of death in 43 MHD patients who were treated at our hemodialysis center between January 2016 and December 2021 and compared the patients to 71 patients who survived during the same period. Body composition was measured using direct segmental multi-frequency bioelectrical impedance to obtain phase angle, fat-free mass (FFM), extracellular water/total body water (ECW/TBW), and waist circumference (WC). Laboratory data were also collected. Phase angle cut-off value-associated variables were identified using ROC analysis. The ability of body composition variables to identify risk factors for death in MHD patients was evaluated. RESULTS: We found that cardiovascular disease was the most common cause of death among MHD patients. ROC curve analysis revealed that the optimal cut-off value for phase angle as a predictor of death risk in MHD patients was 4.50°. Additionally, lower phase angle, increased age, longer dialysis vintage, lower KT/V, and hypoproteinemia were identified as significant risk factors for death in MHD patients. CONCLUSION: In conclusion, our findings suggest that cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death among MHD patients and that lower phase angle, increased age, longer dialysis duration, and hypoproteinemia can be used to predict the risk of mortality in this patient population. The underlying mechanism by which lower phase angle can be used to predict the prognosis of MHD patients warrants further investigation.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Hipoproteinemia , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Composição Corporal , Diálise Renal , Impedância Elétrica
8.
J Infect Public Health ; 16(12): 1925-1932, 2023 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37866270

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recently, a wide range variety of manifestations, including a self­limiting to severe illness, has been increasingly reported in dengue. Few studies attract attention to severe dengue, mainly observed in secondary infection. With this background, this study aims to provide a comprehensive overview to differentiate primary from secondary dengue using serology (IgG) and the possible association of severity of illness in secondary dengue. METHODS: Present retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted at a North Indian tertiary care center from September 2021 to January 2022. Clinical data of confirmed dengue patients from the medicine department were collected and assigned as primary and secondary dengue. RESULTS: Of the 220 dengue patients, 22 (10 %) had secondary dengue infection. Hemorrhagic manifestations were reported in 58/220 (26.4 %) cases while 7/22 (31.8 %) in secondary dengue. Prevalent hemorrhagic manifestations in secondary dengue include purpura (27.3 %), vaginal bleeding (4.5 %), melaena (9.1 %), and epistaxis (4.5 %). In addition, 42 (19.1 %) patients had pancytopenia, and 8 (36.6 %) cases were of secondary dengue. Hepatic dysfunction was noted in 164 (74.5 %) cases. Notably, all secondary dengue cases (22;100 %) had hepatic dysfunction and severe in 9 (40.9 %) cases. In addition, in secondary dengue patients, evidence of plasma leakages such as hypoproteinemia 7 (31.8 %) and ascites (35 %) were statistically more frequent. Overall, two deaths (0.9 %) were reported, and were one in each group. CONCLUSIONS: Many parameters, including hemorrhagic manifestation (melaena), hematological characteristic (pancytopenia), evidence of plasma leakage (hypoproteinemia and ascites), gastrointestinal (GB wall thickening and hepatic dysfunction) and reduction in mean hemoglobin and platelet count were found to be statistically significant in secondary dengue infection. Additionally, early classification of secondary dengue may help to anticipate its severity and allow for early strategic intervention/management to lower morbidity and mortality.


Assuntos
Coinfecção , Dengue , Hipoproteinemia , Pancitopenia , Feminino , Humanos , Dengue/complicações , Dengue/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Coinfecção/complicações , Centros de Atenção Terciária , Melena/complicações , Pancitopenia/complicações , Estudos Retrospectivos , Ascite , Índia/epidemiologia , Hipoproteinemia/complicações
9.
BMJ Open ; 13(7): e071835, 2023 07 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37463811

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between hypoproteinaemia with massive proteinuria and the incidence of small for gestational age in pre-eclampsia. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study using propensity score matching. SETTING: Northwest Women's and Children's Hospital in Shaanxi Province, China, using data from January 2016 to December 2021. PARTICIPANTS: Patients diagnosed with pre-eclampsia were grouped into the massive proteinuria group if the maximum proteinuria was >3.5 g/day and the minimum serum albumin was <30 g/L; otherwise, they were placed in the control group. OUTCOME MEASURES: The primary outcome was the incidence of small for gestational age infants. Secondary outcomes included fetal death, admission to the neonatal intensive care unit, a 5 min APGAR score <7, severe small for gestational age, fetal growth restriction, birth weight, premature birth, and maternal outcomes such as eclampsia, encephalopathy, placental abruption, haemolysis, elevated liver enzymes and low platelet syndrome, heart failure and retinal detachment. RESULTS: In total, 468 patients (234 from each group) were included, and the groups were well matched. The incidences of small for gestational age (33.76% vs 20.51%, OR 1.646, 95% CI 1.208 to 2.243, p=0.001), severe small for gestational age (14.70% vs 7.69%, OR 1.833, 95% CI 1.063 to 3.162, p=0.026), fetal growth restriction (23.93% vs 16.24%, OR 1.474, 95% CI 1.018 to 2.133, p=0.038), and the numbers of infants admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit (67.52% vs 58.55%, OR 1.153, 95% CI 1.003 to 1.326, p=0.044) were significantly higher in patients with hypoproteinaemia and massive proteinuria than in the control group. In addition, the median birth weight was significantly lower in the massive proteinuria group. There were no significant differences in maternal outcomes except for renal parameters, which were worse in the massive proteinuria group. CONCLUSION: Hypoproteinaemia with massive proteinuria was associated with fetal growth and a higher incidence of small for gestational age infants in pre-eclampsia.


Assuntos
Hipoproteinemia , Pré-Eclâmpsia , Recém-Nascido , Criança , Feminino , Gravidez , Humanos , Pré-Eclâmpsia/epidemiologia , Pré-Eclâmpsia/diagnóstico , Retardo do Crescimento Fetal/epidemiologia , Peso ao Nascer , Estudos Retrospectivos , Idade Gestacional , Pontuação de Propensão , Placenta , Proteinúria/complicações , Hipoproteinemia/complicações
10.
Int Wound J ; 20(9): 3884-3897, 2023 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37337711

RESUMO

Surgical Site Infection (SSI) is one of the common postoperative complications after gastric cancer surgery. Previous studies have explored the risk factors (such as age, diabetes, anaemia and ASA score) for SSI in patients with gastric cancer. However, there are large differences in the research results, and the correlation coefficients of different research results are quite different. We aim to investigate the risk factors of surgical site infection in patients with gastric cancer. We queried four English databases (PubMed, Embase, Web of Science and the Cochrane Library) and four Chinese databases (China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Chinese Biological Medicine Database, Wanfang Database and Chinese Scientific Journal Database (VIP Database)) to identify published literature related to risk factors for surgical site infection in patients with gastric cancer. Rev Man 5.4 and Stata 15.0 were used in this meta-analysis. A total of 15 articles (n = 6206) were included in this analysis. The following risk factors were found to be significantly associated with surgical site infection in gastric cancer: male (OR = 1.28, 95% CI [1.06, 1.55]), age >60 (OR = 2.75, 95% CI [1.65, 4.57]), smoking (OR = 1.99, 95% CI [1.46, 2.73]), diabetes (OR = 2.03, 95% CI [1.59, 2.61]), anaemia (OR = 4.72, 95% CI [1.66, 13.40]), preoperative obstruction (OR = 3.07, 95% CI [1.80, 5.23]), TNM ≥ III (OR = 2.05, 95% CI [1.56, 2.70]), hypoproteinemia (OR = 3.05, 95% CI [2.08, 4.49]), operation time ≥3 h (OR = 8.33, 95% CI [3.81, 18.20]), laparotomy (OR = 2.18, 95% CI [1.61, 2.94]) and blood transfusion (OR = 1.44, 95% CI [1.01, 2.06]). This meta-analysis showed that male, age >60, smoking, diabetes, anaemia, preoperative obstruction, TNM ≥ III, hypoproteinemia, operation time ≥3 h, open surgery and blood transfusion were the risk factors for SSI in patients with gastric cancer.


Assuntos
Anemia , Diabetes Mellitus , Hipoproteinemia , Neoplasias Gástricas , Humanos , Masculino , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/epidemiologia , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/etiologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Neoplasias Gástricas/complicações , Fatores de Risco , Hipoproteinemia/complicações
11.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 48(8): 2241-2248, 2023 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37282912

RESUMO

This study aimed to explore the correlation between traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) and reduced risk of readmission in patients having rheumatoid arthritis with hypoproteinemia(RA-H). A retrospective cohort study was conducted on 2 437 rheumatoid arthritis patients in the information system database of the First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui University of Chinese Medicine from 2014 to 2021, and 476 of them were found to have hypoproteinemia. The patients were divided into TCM users and non-TCM users by propensity score matching. Exposure was defined as the use of oral Chinese patent medicine or herbal decoction for ≥1 month. Cox regression analysis was performed to explore the risk factors of clinical indicators of rheumatoid arthritis. Additionally, the use of TCM during hospitalization was analyzed, and analysis of association rules was conducted to investigate the correlation between TCM, improvement of indicators and readmission of patients. Kaplan-Meier survival curve was plotted to compare the readmission rate of TCM users and non-TCM users. It was found the readmission rate of RA-H patients was significantly higher than that of RA patients. By propensity score matching, 232 RA-H patients were divided into TCM group(116 cases) and non-TCM group(116 cases). Compared with the conditions in the non-TCM group, the readmission rate of the TCM group was lowered(P<0.01), and the readmission rate of middle-aged and elderly patients was higher than that of young patients(P<0.01). Old age was a risk factor for readmission of RA-H patients, while TCM, albumin(ALB) and total protein(TP) were the protective factors. During hospitalization, the TCMs used for RA-H patients were mainly divided into types of activating blood and resolving stasis, relaxing sinew and dredging collaterals, clearing heat and detoxifying, and invigorating spleen and resolving dampness. The improvement of rheumatoid factor(RF), immunoglobulin G(IgG), erythrocyte sedimentation rate(ESR), C-reactive protein(CRP) and ALB was closely related to TCM. On the basis of western medicine treatment, the application of TCM could reduce the readmission rate of RA-H patients, and longer use of TCM indicated lower readmission rate.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Hipoproteinemia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Readmissão do Paciente , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Hipoproteinemia/tratamento farmacológico
13.
Front Public Health ; 11: 1017967, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36778540

RESUMO

Introduction: There is a high incidence of both smoking and tuberculosis (TB) in China. This study examined the risk factors for severe pulmonary TB (PTB) and positive tubercle bacilli in sputum. Methods: We conducted a retrospective case-control study in a tertiary hospital from January 2017 to December 2018 (n = 917). The clinical and biological characteristics of patients were collected, and univariable and multivariable logistic regression analyses were performed to assess the factors associated with smoking in terms of the severity and transmission of PTB. Results: Positive tubercle bacilli in sputum and severe PTB were much higher in smoking patients. Together with nutrition status, heavy smoking exhibited a 284% greater risk in severe PTB. Positive tubercle bacilli in sputum was significantly associated with hypoproteinemia and smoking regardless of the status, duration, and degree. Conclusion: Because cigarette smoking was strongly and inversely associated with hypoproteinemia, we conclude that smoking plays a critical role in the severity and transmission of PTB. Smoking cessation interventions should be employed to prevent severe PTB and decrease the transmission of PTB.


Assuntos
Hipoproteinemia , Tuberculose Pulmonar , Humanos , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fumar/epidemiologia , Tuberculose Pulmonar/epidemiologia , Hospitais
14.
Reprod Sci ; 30(6): 1737-1745, 2023 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36662420

RESUMO

Intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) is a major complication of pregnancy and is the second leading cause of perinatal morbidity and mortality. The etiology of IUGR is multifactorial and the maternal factors are easily identifiable and modifiable. The present study aimed to perform a meta-analysis to identify the association between various maternal factors and IUGR. Eight electronic databases (PubMed, Cochrane, Embase, CIHNAL Plus, CNKI, VIP database, CBM, and WanFang database) were searched from their inception until July 2020. Eligibility screening, data extraction, and quality assessment of the retrieved articles were conducted independently by two reviewers. The Newcastle-Ottawa Quality Assessment Form and the Joanna Briggs Institute critical appraisal tool were used to evaluate the quality of included studies. The outcomes of study were calculated by OR with 95%CI. The study protocol was registered with PROSPERO (No. CRD42020210615). A total of 15 studies were included, with a sample size range from 152 to 9372. The quality of included studies ranged from moderate to high. The pooled results identified seven factors: smoking (OR = 1.62, 95%CI 1.38-1.90), primiparity (OR = 1.64, 95%CI 1.20-2.24), and prepregnancy.BMI < 18.5 (OR = 1.98, 95%CI 1.29-3.03), anemia (OR = 2.01, 95%CI 1.44-2.82), hypoproteinemia (OR = 2.91, 95%CI 1.94-4.36), pregnancy-induced hypertension (OR = 3.45, 95%CI 1.80-6.58), and maternal gestational weight gain (OR = 2.51, 95%CI 1.88-3.35). The present study identified several maternal factors for IUGR: smoking, primiparity, prepregnancy BMI < 18.5, poor gestational weight gain, PIH, anemia, and hypoproteinemia. The result could serve to generate risk factors prediction models, improve the management and education for child-bearing or early pregnant women.


Assuntos
Anemia , Ganho de Peso na Gestação , Hipoproteinemia , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Anemia/complicações , Retardo do Crescimento Fetal/etiologia , Hipoproteinemia/complicações , Paridade , Estudos Observacionais como Assunto
15.
Laryngoscope ; 133(4): 742-754, 2023 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35769042

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess the predictive value of various risk factors for pharyngocutaneous fistula (PCF) after total laryngectomy. METHODS: The characteristics of each study were collected from six databases up to January of 2022. Risk for bias was assessed using the QUADAS-2 tool. RESULTS: A total of 58 studies in 9845 patients were included in the analysis. The incidence of PCF was 21.69%, 95% confidence intervals (CI) [0.20; 0.24] in the included studies. Age (OR = 1.33, 95% CI [1.12; 1.58]), postoperative anemia (OR = 2.29, 95% CI [1.47; 3.57]), diabetes mellitus (OR = 1.81, 95% CI [1.20; 2.71]), tumor site (above or below the glottis) (OR = 1.47, 95% CI [1.15; 1.88]), previous radiation therapy (OR = 2.06, 95% CI [1.56; 2.72]), previous tracheostomy (OR = 1.26, 95% CI [1.04; 1.53]), surgery timing (salvage vs. primary) (OR = 2.08, 95% CI [1.46; 2.97]), extended total laryngectomy (including pharyngectomy) (OR = 1.96, 95% CI [1.28; 3.00]), primary tracheoesophageal puncture (OR = 0.61, 95% CI [0.40; 0.93]), and postoperative hypoproteinemia (OR = 9.98, 95% CI [3.68; 27.03]) were significantly associated with the occurrence of PCF. In view of predictive ability, postoperative hypoproteinemia showed the highest accuracy (sensitivity = 51%, specificity = 90%, area under the curve = 0.84). CONCLUSION: Multiple patient-, disease-, and surgery-related factors are risk factors for PCF. In particular, postoperative hypoproteinemia could be a good predictive factor for PCF in patients undergoing total laryngectomy. Laryngoscope, 133:742-754, 2023.


Assuntos
Fístula Cutânea , Hipoproteinemia , Neoplasias Laríngeas , Doenças Faríngeas , Humanos , Laringectomia/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Laríngeas/patologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fístula Cutânea/epidemiologia , Fístula Cutânea/etiologia , Fístula Cutânea/cirurgia , Fatores de Risco , Doenças Faríngeas/epidemiologia , Doenças Faríngeas/etiologia , Doenças Faríngeas/cirurgia , Hipoproteinemia/complicações , Hipoproteinemia/cirurgia
16.
Am J Infect Control ; 51(4): 446-453, 2023 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35728721

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Few researchers have investigated the incidence of and risk factors for hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP) among inpatients with mental disorders in a general hospital. METHODS: This study included patients with mental disorders hospitalized in a large mental health center (situated in a general hospital) between January 1, 2017, and July 31, 2021 (excluding January 1, 2020- May 31, 2020). Risk factors for HAP were identified by logistic regression analysis after propensity score matching (PSM, 1:4) for gender, age, duration of observation, and hospital ward. RESULTS: The study included 16,864 patients. HAP incidence rate was 1.15% overall, 2.11% in closed wards, 0.75% in open wards, 4.45% in patients with organic mental disorders, 1.80% in patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders, and 0.84% in patients with mood disorders. Risk factors for HAP after PSM were hypoproteinemia, chronic liver disease, use of clozapine, hospitalization during the previous 180 days, body mass index (BMI) ≤18.5 kg/m2, cholinesterase inhibitor use, and mood stabilizer use. CONCLUSIONS: HAP was common among inpatients with mental disorders. Risk factors for HAP in patients with mental disorders include hypoproteinemia, chronic liver disease, hospitalization during the past 180 days, BMI ≤18.5 kg/m2, and use of clozapine, cholinesterase inhibitors, or mood stabilizers.


Assuntos
Clozapina , Infecção Hospitalar , Pneumonia Associada a Assistência à Saúde , Hipoproteinemia , Transtornos Mentais , Pneumonia , Humanos , Pacientes Internados , Hospitais Gerais , Saúde Mental , Infecção Hospitalar/epidemiologia , Infecção Hospitalar/complicações , Fatores de Risco , Transtornos Mentais/complicações , Transtornos Mentais/epidemiologia , Hipoproteinemia/complicações , Pneumonia/etiologia
17.
Hernia ; 27(2): 305-309, 2023 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36169738

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH) is a classical complication after giant ventral hernia surgery and may lead to abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS). Assessment of risk factors and prevention of IAH/ACS are essential for hernia surgeons. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study including 58 giant ventral hernia patients in our center between Jan 1, 2017, and Mar 1, 2022, we recorded age, gender, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), coronary heart disease (CHD), hypertension, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), hypoproteinemia, body mass index (BMI), the ratio of hernia sac volume to abdominal cavity volume (HSV/ACV), defect width, tension reduction procedure (TRP), positive fluid balance (PFB) and IAH of these patients and analyzed the data using univariate and multivariate logistic regression to screen the risk factors for IAH after surgery. RESULTS: The multivariate analysis showed that HSV/ACV ≥ 25%, hypoproteinemia, and PFB were independent risk factors for the occurrence of IAH after giant ventral hernia repair (P = 0.025, 0.016, 0.017, respectively). We did not find any correlation between postoperative IAH and the patient's age, gender, COPD, CHD, hypertension, T2DM, BMI, defect width, TRP, and PFB. CONCLUSION: Identifying risk factors is of great significance for the early identification and prevention of IAH/ACS. We found that HSV/ACV ≥ 25%, hypoproteinemia, and PFB were independent risk factors for IAH after giant ventral hernia repair.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Hérnia Ventral , Hipertensão , Hipoproteinemia , Hipertensão Intra-Abdominal , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Humanos , Hipertensão Intra-Abdominal/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/cirurgia , Modelos Logísticos , Herniorrafia/métodos , Hérnia Ventral/cirurgia , Fatores de Risco , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/complicações , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/cirurgia , Hipoproteinemia/complicações , Hipoproteinemia/cirurgia
18.
Clin Transplant ; 37(3): e14872, 2023 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36444148

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Identification of preoperative risk factors associated with pulmonary complications may benefit high-risk patients from more intense surveillance and earlier interventions in liver transplantation (LT). Our study aimed to identify risk factors for predicting pulmonary complications in LT patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The discovery data set enrolled 208 patients who underwent orthotopic LT while the validation data set included 117 patients. Clinical data were collected from medical history retrospectively and risk factors were determined by logistic regression analyses. The pulmonary complication score (PCS-LT) was established and validated for predicting pulmonary complications after LT. RESULTS: In the discovery data set, 47 (22.6%) participants experienced pulmonary complications following LT. Four independent risk factors for pulmonary complications were identified by multivariate logistic regression analysis, including preoperative abnormal pulmonary function (OR = 4.743, p < .001), elevated lymphocyte count (OR = 2.336, p = .027), hypoproteinemia (OR = 2.635, p = .030), and hypokalemia (OR = 5.257, p = .003), and PCS-LT based on these factors was established. ROC analyses showed PCS-LT could predict PC in both the discovery data set (area under curve [AUC] .752, 95% confidence interval [CI] .687-.809) and the validation data set (AUC .754, 95% CI, .666-.829). The PCS-LT demonstrated superior predictive value (AUC .735, 95% CI, .703-.799) to APACHE II score (AUC .653, 95% CI, .599-.705) in the combined data set (p = .032). Meanwhile, PCS-LT > 1 was used as the cut-off value and has prognostic significance in LT patients. CONCLUSIONS: The PCS-LT score, consisting of abnormal pulmonary function, elevated lymphocyte count, hypoproteinemia, and hypokalemia, could predict pulmonary complications after LT.


Assuntos
Hipopotassemia , Hipoproteinemia , Transplante de Fígado , Humanos , Transplante de Fígado/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Hipopotassemia/etiologia , Prognóstico , Hipoproteinemia/etiologia
19.
J Appl Physiol (1985) ; 134(1): 172-180, 2023 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36519570

RESUMO

This paper describes two new features 1) development of physicochemically based, two-compartment models describing acid-base-state changes in normal and abnormal blood and 2) use of model results to view and describe physicochemical properties of blood, in terms of Pco2 as the causative independent variable and effected [H+] changes as the dependent variable. Models were derived from an in vitro experimental study, where normal blood was made both hypoproteinemic and hyperalbuminemic and then equilibrated with CO2. Strong-ion gap (SIG) values were selected to match model and experimental pH. The effect of individual physicochemical factors affecting blood acid-base-state were evaluated from their induced changes on buffer curve linearized slope (ßH+) and [H+] curve shift at 40 mmHg ([H+]40). Model findings were: 1) in severe hypoproteinemia, hemoglobin enhances buffering (decreases ßH+), whereas albumin compromises it, resulting in an almost unchanged ßH+; [H+]40 decreases (alkalemia) due to hypoalbuminemia. 2) Severe hyperalbuminemia greatly increases both ßH+ and [H+]40, hence, compromising buffering and causing a severe acidemia. 3) Pco2-induced changes in the electrical-charge concentration of hemoglobin are the principal factor responsible for maintaining normal buffering characteristics in hypoproteinemia and hyperalbuminemia. 4) SIG values are a third Pco2-independent characteristic of blood acid-base state and 5) the quantities, ßH+, [H+]40, and SIG, derived from a [H+] vs. Pco2 perspective, are a more informative and intuitive way to characterize blood acid-base state.NEW & NOTEWORTHY This study represents the most up-to-date, physicochemical, multi-compartment computer model of the processes involved in determining the acid-base buffering state of blood. Previous models lack this capability, notably by being single compartment and/or lacking electroneutrality and osmotic constraints. Model results, analyzed from a different perspective of dependent [H+] changes resulting from independent Pco2 changes, provide a new set of Pco2-independent parameters, characteristic of blood buffering properties.


Assuntos
Desequilíbrio Ácido-Base , Acidose , Hipoproteinemia , Humanos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Desequilíbrio Ácido-Base/etiologia , Hemoglobinas , Hipoproteinemia/complicações , Equilíbrio Ácido-Base , Dióxido de Carbono
20.
Chem Biodivers ; 20(1): e202200948, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36416002

RESUMO

Carbon tetrachloride (CCl4 ) is known to have hepatotoxic and nephrotoxic effects. During the two-month CCl4 exposure of Wistar rats, propolis extract (PE) and royal jelly (RJ) were added in order to test the potential protective effect against hepato-renal injury. Ketonuria, proteinuria, high creatinine and urea levels are the result of CCl4 -induced nephrotoxicity. Severe disorders of hematological indicators indicate anemia; high values of leukocytes indicate inflammatory condition. Cytogenetic impairments in hepatocytes, aggregation of platelets, and hypoproteinemia indicate severe liver impairment. Results suggest a more significant protective role of RJ compared to PE. Both extracts regulated proteinuria, ketonuria, hypoproteinemia and reduced platelet aggregation in the hepatic circulation. The increase in the number of erythrocytes (RBC) suggest protective effects against anemia; the decrease in the number of leukocytes can be linked to anti-inflammatory effects. PE and RJ have a beneficial effect against hepato-renal injury, anemia and anti-inflammatory conditions caused by CCl4 .


Assuntos
Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas , Hipoproteinemia , Própole , Ratos , Animais , Ratos Wistar , Própole/farmacologia , Própole/uso terapêutico , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Fígado , Proteinúria , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/tratamento farmacológico , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...