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1.
Actas Dermosifiliogr ; 113(3): 278-283, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35526920

RESUMO

Chemotherapy-induced hair loss in cancer is usually temporary but can take a significant emotional toll on patients and lead to treatment refusal in many cases. Although hair loss is usually reversible, regrowth can take months, causing greater psychological distress. Recent years have seen the emergence of cold caps, or scalp cooling systems, designed to prevent or at least reduce chemotherapy-induced hair loss. The results to date are encouraging. We review the evidence on the effects and effectiveness of these systems, which are making their way into routine clinical practice.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Neoplasias da Mama , Hipotermia Induzida , Alopecia/induzido quimicamente , Alopecia/prevenção & controle , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Humanos , Hipotermia Induzida/métodos , Estudos Prospectivos , Couro Cabeludo
2.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 7254, 2022 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35508580

RESUMO

Existing prognostic models to predict the neurological recovery in patients with cardiac arrest receiving targeted temperature management (TTM) either exhibit moderate accuracy or are too complicated for clinical application. This necessitates the development of a simple and generalizable prediction model to inform clinical decision-making for patients receiving TTM. The present study explores the predictive validity of the Cardiac Arrest Survival Post-resuscitation In-hospital (CASPRI) score in cardiac arrest patients receiving TTM, regardless of cardiac event location, and uses artificial neural network (ANN) algorithms to boost the prediction performance. This retrospective observational study evaluated the prognostic relevance of the CASPRI score and applied ANN to develop outcome prediction models in a cohort of 570 patients with cardiac arrest and treated with TTM between 2014 and 2019 in a nationwide multicenter registry in Taiwan. In univariate logistic regression analysis, the CASPRI score was significantly associated with neurological outcome, with the area under the receiver operating characteristics curve (AUC) of 0.811. The generated ANN model, based on 10 items of the CASPRI score, achieved a training AUC of 0.976 and validation AUC of 0.921, with the accuracy, precision, sensitivity, and specificity of 89.2%, 91.6%, 87.6%, and 91.2%, respectively, for the validation set. CASPRI score has prognostic relevance in patients who received TTM after cardiac arrest. The generated ANN-boosted, CASPRI-based model exhibited good performance for predicting TTM neurological outcome, thus, we propose its clinical application to improve outcome prediction, facilitate decision-making, and formulate individualized therapeutic plans for patients receiving TTM.


Assuntos
Reanimação Cardiopulmonar , Hipotermia Induzida , Parada Cardíaca Extra-Hospitalar , Hospitais , Humanos , Hipotermia Induzida/efeitos adversos , Redes Neurais de Computação , Parada Cardíaca Extra-Hospitalar/etiologia , Parada Cardíaca Extra-Hospitalar/terapia , Ressuscitação , Estudos Retrospectivos
3.
Yonsei Med J ; 63(5): 461-469, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35512749

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Given the morphological characteristics of schistocytes, thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA) score can be beneficial as it can be automatically and accurately measured. This study aimed to investigate whether serial TMA scores until 48 h post admission are associated with clinical outcomes in patients undergoing targeted temperature management (TTM) after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated a cohort of 185 patients using a prospective registry. We analyzed TMA scores at admission and after 12, 24, and 48 hours. The primary outcome measures were poor neurological outcome at discharge and 30-day mortality. RESULTS: Increased TMA scores at all measured time points were independent predictors of poor neurological outcomes and 30-day mortality, with TMA score at time-12 showing the strongest correlation [odds ratio (OR), 3.008; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.707-5.300; p<0.001 and hazard ratio (HR), 1.517; 95% CI, 1.196-1.925; p<0.001]. Specifically, a TMA score ≥2 at time-12 was closely associated with an increased predictability of poor neurological outcomes (OR, 6.302; 95% CI, 2.841-13.976; p<0.001) and 30-day mortality (HR, 2.656; 95% CI, 1.675-4.211; p<0.001). CONCLUSION: Increased TMA scores predicted neurological outcomes and 30-day mortality in patients undergoing TTM after OHCA. In addition to the benefit of being serially measured using an automated hematology analyzer, TMA score may be a helpful tool for rapid risk stratification and identification of the need for intensive care in patients with return of spontaneous circulation after OHCA.


Assuntos
Reanimação Cardiopulmonar , Hipotermia Induzida , Parada Cardíaca Extra-Hospitalar , Microangiopatias Trombóticas , Humanos , Parada Cardíaca Extra-Hospitalar/complicações , Parada Cardíaca Extra-Hospitalar/terapia , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Microangiopatias Trombóticas/complicações
4.
Physiol Rep ; 10(9): e15286, 2022 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35510328

RESUMO

Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a lung injury characterized by noncardiogenic pulmonary edema and hypoxic respiratory failure. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of therapeutic hypothermia on short-term experimental ARDS. Twenty adult female Yorkshire pigs were divided into four groups (n = 5 each): normothermic control (C), normothermic injured (I), hypothermic control (HC), and hypothermic injured (HI). Acute respiratory distress syndrome was induced experimentally via intrapulmonary injection of oleic acid. Target core temperature was achieved in the HI group within 1 h of injury induction. Cardiorespiratory, histologic, cytokine, and metabolomic data were collected on all animals prior to and following injury/sham. All data were collected for approximately 12 h from the beginning of the study until euthanasia. Therapeutic hypothermia reduced injury in the HI compared to the I group (histological injury score = 0.51 ± 0.18 vs. 0.76 ± 0.06; p = 0.02) with no change in gas exchange. All groups expressed distinct phenotypes, with a reduction in pro-inflammatory metabolites, an increase in anti-inflammatory metabolites, and a reduction in inflammatory cytokines observed in the HI group compared to the I group. Changes to respiratory system mechanics in the injured groups were due to increases in lung elastance (E) and resistance (R) (ΔE from pre-injury = 46 ± 14 cmH2 O L-1 , p < 0.0001; ΔR from pre-injury: 3 ± 2 cmH2 O L-1  s- , p = 0.30) rather than changes to the chest wall (ΔE from pre-injury: 0.7 ± 1.6 cmH2 O L-1 , p = 0.99; ΔR from pre-injury: 0.6 ± 0.1 cmH2 O L-1  s- , p = 0.01). Both control groups had no change in respiratory mechanics. In conclusion, therapeutic hypothermia can reduce markers of injury and inflammation associated with experimentally induced short-term ARDS.


Assuntos
Hipotermia Induzida , Lesão Pulmonar , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório , Animais , Biomarcadores , Citocinas , Feminino , Pulmão/patologia , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório/terapia , Mecânica Respiratória , Suínos
5.
BMJ Open ; 12(4): e057073, 2022 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35473726

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Neonatal hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy (HIE) is an important illness associated with death or cerebral palsy. This study aims to assess the safety and tolerability of the allogenic human multilineage-differentiating stress-enduring cell (Muse cell)-based product (CL2020) cells in newborns with HIE. This is the first clinical trial of CL2020 cells in neonates. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This is a single-centre, open-label, dose-escalation study enrolling up to 12 patients. Neonates with HIE who receive a course of therapeutic hypothermia therapy, which cools to a body temperature of 33°C-34°C for 72 hours, will be included in this study. A single intravenous injection of CL2020 cells will be administered between 5 and 14 days of age. Subjects in the low-dose and high-dose cohorts will receive 1.5 and 15 million cells per dose, respectively. The primary outcome is the occurrence of any adverse events within 12 weeks after administration. The main secondary outcome is the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development Third Edition score and the developmental quotient per the Kyoto Scale of Psychological Development 2001 at 78 weeks. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: This study will be conducted in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki and Good Clinical Practice. The Nagoya University Hospital Institutional Review Board (No. 312005) approved this study on 13 November 2019. The results of this study will be published in peer-reviewed journal and reported in international conferences. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBERS: NCT04261335, jRCT2043190112.


Assuntos
Hipotermia Induzida , Hipóxia-Isquemia Encefálica , Temperatura Corporal , Humanos , Hipotermia Induzida/métodos , Hipóxia-Isquemia Encefálica/terapia , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Equipamentos de Proteção , Pesquisa
6.
Global Health ; 18(1): 43, 2022 04 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35449006

RESUMO

Hypoxic ischaemic encephalopathy (HIE) is a major cause of neonatal mortality and disability in the United Kingdom (UK) and has significant human and financial costs. Therapeutic hypothermia (TH), which consists of cooling down the newborn's body temperature, is the current standard of treatment for moderate or severe cases of HIE. Timely initiation of treatment is critical to reduce risk of mortality and disability associated with HIE. Very expensive servo-controlled devices are currently used in high-income settings to induce TH, whereas low-income settings rely on the use of low-tech devices such as water bottles, ice packs or fans. Cooling mattresses made with phase change materials (PCMs) were recently developed as a safe, efficient, and affordable alternative to induce TH in low-income settings. This frugal innovation has the potential to become a reverse innovation for the National Health Service (NHS) by providing a simple, efficient, and cost-saving solution to initiate TH in geographically remote areas of the UK where cooling equipment might not be readily available, ensuring timely initiation of treatment while waiting for neonatal transport to the nearest cooling centre. The adoption of PCM cooling mattresses by the NHS may reduce geographical disparity in the availability of treatment for HIE in the UK, and it could benefit from improvements in coordination across all levels of neonatal care given challenges currently experienced by the NHS in terms of constraints on funding and shortage of staff. Trials evaluating the effectiveness and safety of PCM cooling mattresses in the NHS context are needed in support of the adoption of this frugal innovation. These findings may be relevant to other high-income settings that experience challenges with the provision of TH in geographically remote areas. The use of promising frugal innovations such as PCM cooling mattresses in high-income settings may also contribute to challenge the dominant narrative that often favours innovation from North America and Western Europe, and consequently fight bias against research and development from low-income settings, promoting a more equitable global innovation landscape.


Assuntos
Hipotermia Induzida , Hipóxia-Isquemia Encefálica , Leitos , Temperatura Corporal , Humanos , Hipóxia-Isquemia Encefálica/terapia , Recém-Nascido , Medicina Estatal
7.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 6186, 2022 Apr 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35418577

RESUMO

We investigated the association of extracorporeal circuit-based devices with temperature management and neurological outcome in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest survivors who underwent targeted temperature management. Patients with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation and/or continuous renal replacement therapy were classified as the extracorporeal group. We calculated the cooling rate during the induction period and time-weighted core temperatures (TWCT) during the maintenance period. We defined the sum of TWCT above or below 33 °C as positive and negative TWCT, respectively, and the sum of TWCT above 33.5 °C or below 32.5 °C as undercooling or overcooling, respectively. The primary outcome was the negative TWCT. The secondary outcomes were positive TWCT, cooling rate, undercooling, overcooling, and poor neurological outcomes, defined as Cerebral Performance Category 3-5. Among 235 patients, 150 (63.8%) had poor neurological outcomes and 52 (22.1%) were assigned to the extracorporeal group. The extracorporeal group (ß, 0.307; p < 0.001) had increased negative TWCT, rapid cooling rate (1.77 °C/h [1.22-4.20] vs. 1.24 °C/h [0.77-1.79]; p = 0.005), lower positive TWCT (33.4 °C∙min [24.9-46.2] vs. 54.6 °C∙min [29.9-87.0]), and higher overcooling (5.01 °C min [0.00-10.08] vs. 0.33 °C min [0.00-3.78]). However, the neurological outcome was not associated with the use of extracorporeal devices (odds ratio, 1.675; 95% confidence interval, 0.685-4.094).


Assuntos
Reanimação Cardiopulmonar , Hipotermia Induzida , Parada Cardíaca Extra-Hospitalar , Temperatura Corporal , Regulação da Temperatura Corporal , Circulação Extracorpórea , Humanos , Parada Cardíaca Extra-Hospitalar/terapia , Sobreviventes
10.
Crit Care ; 26(1): 95, 2022 04 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35399085

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess the performance of the post-cardiac arrest (CA) prognostication strategy algorithm recommended by the European Resuscitation Council (ERC) and the European Society of Intensive Care Medicine (ESICM) in 2020. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of the Korean Hypothermia Network Prospective Registry 1.0. Unconscious patients without confounders at day 4 (72-96 h) after return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) were included. The association between the prognostic factors included in the prognostication strategy algorithm, except status myoclonus and the neurological outcome, was investigated, and finally, the prognostic performance of the prognostication strategy algorithm was evaluated. Poor outcome was defined as cerebral performance categories 3-5 at 6 months after ROSC. RESULTS: A total of 660 patients were included in the final analysis. Of those, 108 (16.4%) patients had a good neurological outcome at 6 months after CA. The 2020 ERC/ESICM prognostication strategy algorithm identified patients with poor neurological outcome with 60.2% sensitivity (95% CI 55.9-64.4) and 100% specificity (95% CI 93.9-100) among patients who were unconscious or had a GCS_M score ≤ 3 and with 58.2% sensitivity (95% CI 53.9-62.3) and 100% specificity (95% CI 96.6-100) among unconscious patients. When two prognostic factors were combined, any combination of prognostic factors had a false positive rate (FPR) of 0 (95% CI 0-5.6 for combination of no PR/CR and poor CT, 0-30.8 for combination of No SSEP N20 and NSE 60). CONCLUSION: The 2020 ERC/ESICM prognostication strategy algorithm predicted poor outcome without an FPR and with sensitivities of 58.2-60.2%. Any combinations of two predictors recommended by ERC/ESICM showed 0% of FPR.


Assuntos
Parada Cardíaca , Hipotermia Induzida , Parada Cardíaca Extra-Hospitalar , Algoritmos , Cuidados Críticos , Parada Cardíaca/complicações , Parada Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Parada Cardíaca/terapia , Humanos , Parada Cardíaca Extra-Hospitalar/diagnóstico , Parada Cardíaca Extra-Hospitalar/terapia , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
11.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35412711

RESUMO

Hypothermia for neuroprotection and correction of intracranial hypertension was described in both experimental and clinical studies. Effectiveness of hypothermia for improvement of functional outcomes in neurosurgical patients is still unclear despite the previous randomized trials. In available national and foreign literature, we found no trials devoted to hypothermia in patients with ischemia after surgical treatment of complex aneurysms of the middle cerebral artery (MCA). OBJECTIVE: To analyze the effectiveness of intravascular hypothermia in patients with ischemic cerebrovascular accidents in early postoperative period after microsurgical clipping of complex MCA aneurysms. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We present four patients with cerebral ischemia after microsurgical treatment of complex MCA aneurysms. In all cases, ischemic disorders developed immediately after surgery. We induced intravascular hypothermia 32-34 °C in all patients. CT-based volumetry of ischemia and edema foci was performed to objectively assess the dynamics of ischemic disorders. We carried out volumetry using segmentation of edema and ischemia foci (range 5-33 Hounsfield units). RESULTS: According to brain CT data, all four patients had enlargement of postoperative ischemic brain damage. Nevertheless, ICP was stable that made it possible to avoid decompressive craniotomy. CONCLUSION: Early hypothermia for acute ischemic injury after surgery for complex MCA aneurysms can reduce ischemic perifocal edema. This approach effectively reduces ICP and can exclude the need for decompressive craniotomy in some cases. No side effects of hypothermia justifies further research in this field.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica , Hipotermia Induzida , Hipotermia , Aneurisma Intracraniano , Isquemia Encefálica/diagnóstico por imagem , Isquemia Encefálica/etiologia , Isquemia Encefálica/cirurgia , Humanos , Hipotermia/cirurgia , Hipotermia Induzida/efeitos adversos , Aneurisma Intracraniano/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma Intracraniano/cirurgia , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
J Glob Health ; 12: 04030, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35444799

RESUMO

Background: Therapeutic hypothermia (TH) is regarded as the most efficacious therapy for neonatal hypoxic encephalopathy. However, limitations in previous systematic reviews and the publication of new data necessitate updating the evidence. We conducted this up-to-date systematic review to evaluate the effects of TH in neonatal encephalopathy on clinical outcomes. Methods: In this systematic review and meta-analysis, we searched Medline, Cochrane Library, Embase, LIVIVO, Web of Science, Scopus, CINAHL, major trial registries, and grey literature (from inception to October 31, 2021), for randomized controlled trials (RCT) comparing TH vs normothermia in neonatal encephalopathy. We included RCTs enrolling neonates (gestation ≥35 weeks) with perinatal asphyxia and encephalopathy, who received either TH (temperature ≤34°C) initiated within 6 hours of birth for ≥48 hours, vs no cooling. We excluded non-RCTs, those with delayed cooling, or cooling to >34°C. Two authors independently appraised risk-of-bias and extracted data on mortality and neurologic disability at four time points: neonatal (from randomization to discharge/death), infancy (18-24 months), childhood (5-10 years), and long-term (>10 years). Other outcomes included seizures, EEG abnormalities, and MRI findings. Summary data from published RCTs were pooled through fixed-effect meta-analysis. Results: We identified 36 863 citations and included 39 publications representing 29 RCTs with 2926 participants. Thirteen studies each had low, moderate, and high risk-of-bias. The pooled risk ratios (95% confidence interval, CI) were as follows: neonatal mortality: 0.87 (95% CI = 0.75, 1.00), n = 2434, I2 = 38%; mortality at 18-24 months: 0.88 (95% CI = 0.78, 1.01), n = 2042, I2 = 51%; mortality at 5-10 years: 0.81 (95% CI = 0.62, 1.04), n = 515, I2 = 59%; disability at 18-24 months: 0.62 (95% CI = 0.52, 0.75), n = 1440, I2 = 26%; disability at 5-10 years: 0.68 (95% CI = 0.52, 0.90), n = 442, I2 = 3%; mortality or disability at 18-24 months: 0.78 (95% CI = 0.72, 0.86), n = 1914, I2 = 54%; cerebral palsy at 18-24 months: 0.63 (95% CI = 0.50, 0.78), n = 1136, I2 = 39%; and childhood cerebral palsy: 0.63 (95% CI = 0.46, 0.85), n = 449, I2 = 0%. Some outcomes showed significant differences by study-setting; the risk ratio (95% CI) for mortality at 18-24 months was 0.79 (95% CI = 0.66,0.93), n = 1212, I2 = 7% in high-income countries, 0.67 (95% CI = 0.41, 1.09), n = 276, I2 = 0% in upper-middle-income countries, and 1.18 (95% CI = 0.94, 1.47), n = 554, I2 = 75% in lower-middle-income countries. The corresponding pooled risk ratios for 'mortality or disability at 18-24 months' were 0.77 (95% CI = 0.69, 0.86), n = 1089, I2 = 0%; 0.56 (95% CI = 0.41, 0.78), n = 276, I2 = 30%; and 0.92 (95% CI = 0.77, 1.09), n = 549, I2 = 86% respectively. Trials with low risk of bias showed risk ratio of 0.97 (95% CI = 0.80, 1.16, n = 1475, I2 = 62%) for neonatal mortality, whereas trials with higher risk of bias showed 0.71 (95% CI = 0.55, 0.91), n = 959, I2 = 0%. Likewise, risk ratio for mortality at 18-24 months was 0.96 (95% CI = 0.83, 1.13), n = 1336, I2 = 58% among low risk-of-bias trials, but 0.72 (95% CI = 0.56, 0.92), n = 706, I2 = 0%, among higher risk of bias trials. Conclusions: Therapeutic hypothermia for neonatal encephalopathy reduces neurologic disability and cerebral palsy, but its effect on neonatal, infantile and childhood mortality is uncertain. The setting where it is implemented affects the outcomes. Low(er) quality trials overestimated the potential benefit of TH.


Assuntos
Asfixia Neonatal , Encefalopatias , Paralisia Cerebral , Hipotermia Induzida , Hipóxia Encefálica , Doenças do Recém-Nascido , Asfixia Neonatal/terapia , Encefalopatias/terapia , Paralisia Cerebral/terapia , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Hipóxia/terapia , Hipóxia Encefálica/terapia , Recém-Nascido , Doenças do Recém-Nascido/terapia , Gravidez , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
13.
PLoS One ; 17(4): e0265275, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35363794

RESUMO

We evaluated the performance of cardiac arrest-specific prognostication scores developed for outcome prediction in the early hours after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) in predicting long-term outcomes using independent data. The following scores were calculated for 1,163 OHCA patients who were treated with targeted temperature management (TTM) at 21 hospitals in South Korea: OHCA, cardiac arrest hospital prognosis (CAHP), C-GRApH (named on the basis of its variables), TTM risk, 5-R, NULL-PLEASE (named on the basis of its variables), Serbian quality of life long-term (SR-QOLl), cardiac arrest survival, revised post-cardiac arrest syndrome for therapeutic hypothermia (rCAST), Polish hypothermia registry (PHR) risk, and PROgnostication using LOGistic regression model for Unselected adult cardiac arrest patients in the Early stages (PROLOGUE) scores and prediction score by Aschauer et al. Their accuracies in predicting poor outcome at 6 months after OHCA were determined using the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) and calibration belt. In the complete-case analyses, the PROLOGUE score showed the highest AUC (0.923; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.904-0.941), whereas the SR-QOLl score had the lowest AUC (0.749; 95% CI, 0.711-0.786). The discrimination performances were similar in the analyses after multiple imputation. The PROLOGUE, TTM risk, CAHP, NULL-PLEASE, 5-R, and cardiac arrest survival scores were well calibrated. The rCAST and PHR risk scores showed acceptable overall calibration, although they showed miscalibration under the 80% CI level at extreme prediction values. The OHCA score, C-GRApH score, prediction score by Aschauer et al., and SR-QOLl score showed significant miscalibration in both complete-case (P = 0.026, 0.013, 0.005, and < 0.001, respectively) and multiple-imputation analyses (P = 0.007, 0.018, < 0.001, and < 0.001, respectively). In conclusion, the discrimination performances of the prognostication scores were all acceptable, but some showed significant miscalibration.


Assuntos
Reanimação Cardiopulmonar , Hipotermia Induzida , Hipotermia , Parada Cardíaca Extra-Hospitalar , Adulto , Humanos , Parada Cardíaca Extra-Hospitalar/diagnóstico , Parada Cardíaca Extra-Hospitalar/terapia , Prognóstico , Qualidade de Vida
14.
Dis Markers ; 2022: 2005616, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35419118

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the optimal temperature of hypothermia treatment in rats with cardiac arrest caused by ventricular fibrillation (VF) after the return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC). Methods: A total of forty-eight male Sprague-Dawley rats were induced by VF through the guidewire with a maximum of 5 mA current and untreated for 8 min. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) was performed for 8 min followed by defibrillation (DF). Resuscitated rats were then randomized into the normothermia (37°C) group, milder (35°C) group, mild (33°C) group, or moderate (28°C) group. Hypothermia was immediately induced with surface cooling. The target temperature was maintained for 4 h before rewarming to 37 ± 0.5°C. Moreover, at the end of the 4 h, a rat in each group was randomly selected to be sacrificed for the cerebral cortex electron microscopy observation (n = 1). The other resuscitated animals were observed for up to 72 h after ROSC (n = 7). Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and left ventricular end diastolic volume (LVEDV) were measured. Survival time, survival rate, and neurological deficit score (NDS) were recorded for 72 h. Results: During hypothermia, higher LVEF was observed in the hypothermia groups when compared with normothermia group (35°C vs. 37°C, p < 0.05, 33°C and 28°C vs. 37°C, p < 0.01). Among the hypothermia groups, LVEF was higher in the 28°C group than that of 35°C (p < 0.05). However, both the heart rate (HR) (p < 0.01) and LVEDV (28°C vs. 35°C, p < 0.01, 28°C vs. 37°C and 33°C, p < 0.05) were lowest in the 28°C group when compared with the other groups. There were no significant differences of LVEF and LVEDV between the group 35°C and 33°C (p > 0.05). After rewarming, the LVEF of 35°C group was higher than that of group 37°C, 33°C, and 28°C (35°C vs. 37°C and 28°C, p < 0.01, 35°C vs. 33°C, p < 0.05). Group 35°C and 33°C resulted in longer survival (p < 0.01), higher survival rate (p < 0.01), and lower NDS (35°C vs. 37°C and 28°C, p < 0.01, 33°C vs. 37°C and 28°C, p < 0.05) compared with the group 37°C and 28°C. The extent of damage to cerebral cortex cells in group of 35°C and 33°C was lighter than that in group of 37°C and 28°C. The 35°C group spent less time in the process of cooling and rewarming than the group 33°C and 28°C (p < 0.01). Conclusions: An almost equal protective effect of milder hypothermia (35°C) and mild hypothermia (33°C) in cardiac arrest (CA) rats was achieved with more predominant effect than moderate hypothermia (28°C) and normothermia (37°C). More importantly, shorter time spent in cooling and rewarming was required in the 35°C group, indicating its potential clinical application. These findings support the possible use of milder hypothermia (35°C) as a therapeutic agent for postresuscitation.


Assuntos
Reanimação Cardiopulmonar , Parada Cardíaca , Hipotermia Induzida , Hipotermia , Animais , Reanimação Cardiopulmonar/métodos , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Parada Cardíaca/terapia , Humanos , Hipotermia/terapia , Hipotermia Induzida/métodos , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Volume Sistólico , Fibrilação Ventricular/terapia , Função Ventricular Esquerda
15.
Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue ; 34(2): 191-193, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35387728

RESUMO

Heat stroke is a critical and health-threatening disease, triggered by thermal stimulus and progressing rapidly. It can give rise to multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS), resulting in a high mortality rate. Nearly 30% of survivors will suffer with different sequelae, for instance, the neurological sequelae. Currently, the early rapid cooling is the focus of therapy for heat stroke. Therefore, it is imperative to design a cooling module suitable for the treatment of heat stroke in the field and in the hospital to realize the goal of early rapid cooling and the effective targeted temperature management (TTM). The cooling device is composed of a cooling blanket and a cooling cap. The blanket and cap are made by temperature changeable fabric. The cooling blanket comprises a backing layer, a buffer layer, a flexible heat conduction capsule body, a temperature changing component, a fixed part and a temperature sensor. The cooling cap includes a main body and two side ears, in which the main body is worn on the top of the patient's head, and the front is equipped with a flexible display screen, which is convenient for real-time monitoring the temperature of the temperature change component of the cooling blanket. The lateral ear can wrap the patient's ears and neck, and the tympanic membrane thermometer is designed to monitor the tympanic membrane temperature in real time. The tympanic membrane thermometer is also designed at the ear to monitor the tympanic auditory canal temperatures in real time.Continuous dynamic temperature monitoring can guide the duration of cooling treatment and stop cooling in time. The cooling component is portable, easy to operate, real-time temperature monitoring, excellent cooling effect and reusable. It is used for on-site first aid, transportation and continuous cooling for patients with heat stroke in the ward.


Assuntos
Golpe de Calor , Hipotermia Induzida , Temperatura Corporal , Temperatura Baixa , Golpe de Calor/terapia , Humanos , Hipotermia Induzida/métodos , Temperatura
17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35451288

RESUMO

Hypoxic-ischemic syndrome (HIS) and Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) are conditions that affect term and premature babies, with different pathophysiology and different brain disorders. HIE appears in 1-6 / 1000 live births and 26/1000 live births in developing countries. 15-20% die in the early neonatal period, while surviving babies have severe neurological impairment, including cerebral palsy, epilepsy, visual and hearing impairment, cognitive impairment, intellectual, behavioural, and social disorders. The hypoxic-ischemic event occurs before, during or after birth. The reasons may be related to the mother, the way of birth, the placenta, and the newborn. The criteria for diagnosis of HIE include a combination of perinatal factors, the need for resuscitation, standard neurological examinations, neurophysiological monitoring, neuroimaging methods and biochemical markers. The most effective treatment for HIE is hypothermia in combination with pharmacological therapy. HIE and HIS are problem that still persist in developing countries due to inadequate obstetric care, neonatal resuscitation, and hypothermia. Current and emerging research for HIE examines new markers for early recognition, treatment, and appropriate neuroprotection of high-risk term and premature infants.


Assuntos
Hipotermia Induzida , Hipotermia , Hipóxia-Isquemia Encefálica , Feminino , Humanos , Hipotermia/terapia , Hipotermia Induzida/métodos , Hipóxia-Isquemia Encefálica/diagnóstico , Hipóxia-Isquemia Encefálica/terapia , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Recém-Nascido Prematuro , Gravidez , Ressuscitação
18.
Pediatrics ; 149(4)2022 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35296895

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that an Apgar score at 10 minutes is independently predictive for death or moderate or severe disability. METHODS: A secondary analysis of the Optimizing Cooling Trial (NCT01192776) including 347 infants with ≥36 weeks' gestational age at birth and hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy and 18- to 22-month outcomes from 18 US centers in the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Neonatal Research Network. The primary outcome was the composite of death or moderate/severe disability at 18 to 22 months of age. Generalized estimating equation models were used to examine the relationship between Apgar scores and outcomes, controlling for center, hypothermia treatment, and severity of hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE). Classification and regression tree analyses were conducted to identify combinations of variables available during resuscitation that were most predictive for the composite outcome and death. RESULTS: The study revealed that 50% (13 of 26) of infants with a 10-minute Apgar score of 0 survived; 46% (6 of 13) had no disability, 16% (2 of 13) had mild disability, and 38% (5 of 13) had moderate or severe disability. The 10-minute Apgar score of 0 was independently associated with death or moderate or severe disability (adjusted relative risk = 1.72, 95% confidence interval 1.11-2.68, P value = .016), but the area under the curve analysis (AUC) was low (AUC = 0.56). The predictive accuracy improved when the 10-minute Apgar score was combined with other risk variables available during resuscitation by using a classification and regression tree analysis (AUC = 0.66). CONCLUSIONS: A 10-minute Apgar score of 0 alone does not predict the risk of death or moderate or severe disability well. The current study provides evidence in support of the 2020 American Heart Association/International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation recommendation for continuing resuscitative efforts for infants who need cardiopulmonary resuscitation at 10 minutes after birth.


Assuntos
Hipotermia Induzida , Hipóxia-Isquemia Encefálica , Índice de Apgar , Criança , Idade Gestacional , Humanos , Hipóxia-Isquemia Encefálica/complicações , Hipóxia-Isquemia Encefálica/diagnóstico , Hipóxia-Isquemia Encefálica/terapia , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Ressuscitação , Estados Unidos
19.
Elife ; 112022 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35352678

RESUMO

Therapeutic hypothermia (TH) is potentially an important therapy for central nervous system (CNS) trauma. However, its clinical application remains controversial, hampered by two major factors: (1) Many of the CNS injury sites, such as the optic nerve (ON), are deeply buried, preventing access for local TH. The alternative is to apply TH systemically, which significantly limits the applicable temperature range. (2) Even with possible access for 'local refrigeration', cold-induced cellular damage offsets the benefit of TH. Here we present a clinically translatable model of traumatic optic neuropathy (TON) by applying clinical trans-nasal endoscopic surgery to goats and non-human primates. This model faithfully recapitulates clinical features of TON such as the injury site (pre-chiasmatic ON), the spatiotemporal pattern of neural degeneration, and the accessibility of local treatments with large operating space. We also developed a computer program to simplify the endoscopic procedure and expand this model to other large animal species. Moreover, applying a cold-protective treatment, inspired by our previous hibernation research, enables us to deliver deep hypothermia (4 °C) locally to mitigate inflammation and metabolic stress (indicated by the transcriptomic changes after injury) without cold-induced cellular damage, and confers prominent neuroprotection both structurally and functionally. Intriguingly, neither treatment alone was effective, demonstrating that in situ deep hypothermia combined with cold protection constitutes a breakthrough for TH as a therapy for TON and other CNS traumas.


Hypothermic therapy is a radical type of treatment that involves cooling a person's core body temperature several degrees below normal to protect against brain damage. Lowering body temperature slows blood flow, which reduces inflammation, and eases metabolic demands, similar to hibernation. It can also reduce lasting damage to the brain and aid recovery when used to treat people who have gone into cardiac arrest, where their heart suddenly stops beating. Recently, there has been renewed interest in using hypothermic therapy to treat people who have sustained traumatic brain injuries, which can cause brain swelling, and other nerve injuries. However, its use remains controversial because clinical trials have failed to show that inducing mild hypothermia provides any benefit for people with severe nerve injuries. This might be because cooling cells to near-freezing temperatures can damage their internal structural supports, called microtubules, thwarting any therapeutic benefit. Traumatic optical neuropathy is a type of injury in which the optic nerve ­ the nerve that connects the eyes to the brain ­ is damaged or severed, causing vision loss. There is currently no clinically proven treatment for this condition, nor is there a system that can test local treatments in large animals as a prior test to using the treatment in the clinic. Therefore, Zhang et al. wanted to establish such a animal model and test whether local hypothermic therapy could help protect the optic nerve. Zhang et al. used a surgical tool guided by an endoscope (a thin plastic tube with a light and camera attached to it) to injure the optic nerves of goats, and then deliver hypothermic therapy. To cool the surgically-injured nerves to a chilly 4C, Zhang et al. applied a deep-cooling agent, using a second reagent (a cocktail of protease inhibitors) to protect the cells' microtubules from cold-induced damage, an insight gained from a previous study of hibernating animals. This was critical, as the hypothermic therapy was only effective when the secondary protective agent was applied. The combination therapy developed by Zhang et al. relieved some aspects of nerve degeneration at the injury site and activated an anti-inflammatory response in cells, but did not restore vision. To simplify surgical techniques, Zhang et al. also developed a computer program which generates virtual surgical paths for up-the-nose endoscopic procedures based on brain scans of an animal's skull. This program was successfully applied in a range of large animals, including goats and macaque monkeys. Zhang et al.'s work establishes a method to study treatments for traumatic optical neuropathy using large animals, including hypothermic therapy. The methods developed could also be useful to study other optic nerve disorders, such as optic neuritis or ischemic optic neuropathy.


Assuntos
Hipotermia Induzida , Hipotermia , Traumatismos do Nervo Óptico , Animais , Temperatura Baixa , Hipotermia Induzida/métodos , Nervo Óptico , Traumatismos do Nervo Óptico/terapia
20.
Neonatology ; 119(3): 311-319, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35358976

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) result is a major predictor for the outcome of term infants with perinatal asphyxia who underwent therapeutic hypothermia. In daily practice, no uniform method is used to assess these images. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine which MRI-score best predicts adverse outcome at 24 months of age and has the highest inter-rater reliability. METHODS: Four MRI scoring systems for term infants with perinatal asphyxia were selected: Rutherford score, Trivedi score, Weeke score, and NICHD NRN score. Experienced blinded raters retrospectively evaluated the brain MR Images of 161 infants using all four scoring systems. Long-term outcome (the composite outcome death or adverse outcome, and its separate components) were routinely assessed by standardized testing at the age of 24 months. The predictive accuracy was assessed by logistic regression analyses and expressed as area under the ROC curve (AUC). The inter-rater reliability of the scores was calculated by the weighted Kappa or intraclass correlation. A sensitivity analysis using only high-quality MRI scans was performed. RESULTS: All four MRI scoring systems demonstrated an AUC of >0.66 for the prediction of adverse outcome and ≥0.80 for the prediction of death. The inter-rater reliability analyses demonstrated the highest reliability for the Weeke and Trivedi scores. When only assessing the high-quality scans, the AUC increased further. CONCLUSION: All four MRI brain scores proved reliable predictors for an adverse outcome at 24 months of age. The Weeke and Trivedi score demonstrated the highest inter-rater reliability. The use of high-quality MRI further improved prediction.


Assuntos
Asfixia Neonatal , Hipotermia Induzida , Asfixia/terapia , Asfixia Neonatal/complicações , Asfixia Neonatal/diagnóstico por imagem , Asfixia Neonatal/terapia , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Gravidez , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos
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