Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 8.459
Filtrar
3.
Cult. cuid ; 26(64): 1-10, 3º Cuatrimestre 2022.
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-213759

RESUMO

Introduction: This paper states the need for comprehensive and humanized care in thecare of the oncological patient. Method: We present a theoretical reflection on relevant issues relatedto humanization: on the one hand, what it is and how interventions can be implemented from ahumanizing approach, and on the other hand, communication as a key tool in the professionalpatient relationship. From a practical perspective, we present our experience based on the development of the Humanization Plan we carried out at the Hospital Fundación General de la SantísimaTrinidad in Salamanca (Spain). Results: We present the humanization initiatives we developed inthe hospital grouped in three blocks; a) the hospital environment and the treatment room as a healthspace; b) the relationship with the team of professionals and communication with patients and theirfamilies; c) the management and occupation of time in the treatment room. Conclusions: The difficulty in establishing quality standards in humanization makes it difficult to determine the degreeof success of the interventions and to draw conclusions in this regard. In our case, the achievementsare endorsed mainly by the satisfaction and gratitude expressed by patients and companions. (AU)


Introducción: Este trabajo constata la necesidad de una atención integral y humanizadaen el cuidado del enfermo oncológico. Material y Método: En primer lugar, presentamos una reflexión teórica sobre cuestiones relevantes vinculadas con la humanización. Por una parte, qué es ycómo pueden implementarse intervenciones desde un enfoque humanizador, y por otra, la comunicación como herramienta clave de la relación profesional-paciente. En segundo lugar, desde unaperspectiva práctica, exponemos nuestra experiencia basada en el desarrollo del Plan de Humanización que llevamos a cabo en un hospital general en la ciudad de Salamanca (España). Resultados:Presentamos las iniciativas de humanización que desarrollamos en el hospital agrupadas en tres bloques; a) el entorno hospitalario y la sala de tratamientos como espacio de salud; b) la relación conel equipo de profesionales y la comunicación con los enfermos y sus familias; c) la gestión y ocupación del tiempo en la sala de tratamiento. Conclusiones: La dificultad a la hora de establecer estándares de calidad en humanización hace complicado determinar el grado de éxito de las intervenciones y establecer conclusiones al respecto. En nuestro caso los logros vienen avalados principalmentepor la satisfacción y gratitud que manifiestan pacientes y acompañantes. (AU)


Introdução: Este documento afirma a necessidade de cuidados abrangentes e humanizados no cuidado do paciente oncológico. Método: Apresentamos uma reflexão teórica sobre questõesrelevantes relacionadas com a humanização: por um lado, o que é e como as intervenções podemser implementadas a partir de uma abordagem humanizadora, e por outro lado, a comunicaçãocomo um instrumento chave na relação profissional-paciente. De uma perspectiva prática, apresentamos a nossa experiência baseada no desenvolvimento do Plano de Humanização que realizámosno Hospital Fundación General de la Santísima Trinidad em Salamanca (Espanha). Resultados:Apresentamos as iniciativas de humanização que desenvolvemos no hospital agrupadas em trêsblocos; a) o ambiente hospitalar e a sala de tratamento como espaço de saúde; b) a relação com aequipa de profissionais e a comunicação com os pacientes e as suas famílias; c) a gestão e ocupaçãodo tempo na sala de tratamento. Conclusões: A dificuldade em estabelecer padrões de qualidade nahumanização torna complicado determinar o grau de sucesso das intervenções e estabelecer conclusões a este respeito. No nosso caso, as realizações são endossadas principalmente pela satisfaçãoe gratidão expressas pelos doentes e companheiros. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Humanização da Assistência , Psico-Oncologia , Conforto do Paciente , Qualidade de Vida , Saúde Holística , Espanha
4.
Rev. urug. enferm ; 17(2): 1-14, dic. 2022.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1391902

RESUMO

Objetivo: Avaliar as características das internações de recém-nascidos em uma unidade de terapia intensiva neonatal do extremo sul do Brasil durante um curto período de tempo. Método: Estudo observacional, com 85 neonatos, por dados secundários de pacientes internados na Unidade de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal, nos meses de maio de 2020 a outubro de 2020. Resultados: A prevalência das internações foi do sexo masculino, com diagnóstico de prematuridade, que pesavam entre 1500g e 2499g, não receberam leite materno na primeira hora de vida, receberam visitas dos pais, colo e leite materno durante a internação. As mães tinham mais de 6 consultas de pré-natal e os bebês nasceram de cesárea. Conclusão: O atendimento prestado de forma holística, baseado na ciência e maneira humanizada aos recém-nascidos e aos pais, pode reduzir a mortalidade infantil, trazer maior segurança aos pais e confi ança na equipe assistencial, além de evitar complicações futuras no desenvolvimento infantil.


Objetivo: Evaluar las características de las hospitalizaciones de recién nacidos en una unidad de cuidados intensivos neonatales en el extremo sur de Brasil durante un corto período de tiempo. Método: Estudio observacional, con 85 neonatos, con base en datos secundarios de pacientes hospitalizados en la Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos Neonatales, de mayo de 2020 a octubre de 2020. Resultados: La prevalencia de hospitalizaciones fue del sexo masculino, con diagnóstico de prematuridad, que pesaron entre 1500g y 2499g, no recibió leche materna en la primera hora de vida, recibió visitas de los padres, regazo y leche materna durante la hospitalización. Las madres tuvieron más de 6 consultas prenatales y los bebés nacieron por cesárea. Conclusión: La atención brindada de forma holística, basada en la ciencia y de forma humanizada a los recién nacidos y a los padres, puede reducir la mortalidad infantil, brindar mayor seguridad a los padres y confi anza en el equipo de atención, además de prevenir futuras complicaciones en el desarrollo del niño.


Objective: To evaluate the characteristics of hospitalizations of newborns in a neonatal intensive care unit in the extreme south of Brazil during a short period of time. Method: Observational study, with 85 neonates, based on secondary data from patients hospitalized in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, from May 2020 to October 2020. Results: The prevalence of hospitalizations was male, with a diagnosis of prematurity, who weighed between 1500g and 2499g, did not receive breast milk in the fi rst hour of life, received visits from parents, lap and breast milk during hospitalization. The mothers had more than 6 prenatal consultations and the babies were born by cesarean section. Conclusion: The care provided in a holistic way, based on science and in a humanized way to newborns and parents, can reduce infant mortality, bring greater security to parents and confidence in the care team, in addition to preventing future complications in child development.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Recém-Nascido , Criança , Adolescente , Adulto , Adulto Jovem , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Hospitalização , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Fatores de Tempo , Brasil/epidemiologia , Mortalidade Infantil , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estudos Longitudinais , Humanização da Assistência , Saúde Holística
5.
Front Public Health ; 10: 1021104, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36388333

RESUMO

Background and aims: Along with an aging population, exploring the impact of oral health on holistic health and determining exact outcomes in elderly individuals are important in both scientific research and clinical practice. Significant increase in the number of systematic reviews shows that oral health can directly or indirectly affect the overall health of elderly people physically, mentally and socially. To systematically collate, appraise, and synthesize the current evidence, we carried out an umbrella review of the impacts of oral health on holistic health in elderly individuals. Methods: A systematic reviews and meta-analyses search was performed in the major databases PubMed, MEDLINE, Web of Science and the Cochrane Library from inception to February 1, 2022, according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) statement. The JBI (Joanna Briggs Institute) Critical Appraisal Checklist for Systematic Reviews and Research Syntheses was referred to assess methodological quality, and the GRADE (Grading of Recommendations, assessment, Development, and Evaluation working group classification) was used to assess the quality of evidence for each outcome included in the umbrella review. Results: Out of 1,067 records, a total of 35 systematic reviews were included. Respiratory diseases, malnutrition, age-related oral changes, frailty, cognitive impairment, depression and poor quality of life were identified as seven key outcomes that affect the physical, mental and social health of elderly individuals. Meanwhile, three intervention measures of oral health were summarized as (i) more rigorous and universal scales, (ii) dental cleaning and denture installation, and (iii) improving self-awareness regarding oral care. Conclusions: Evidence showed that oral health can significantly affect holistic health, and the diverse oral diseases directly lead to multiple health outcomes in elderly individuals. Clear high-quality evidence revealed that oral health is strongly associated with seven health outcomes covering physical, mental, and social levels, which directly corresponds to holistic health, and impacts the quality of life of elderly individuals. Such the results remind the importance of oral care in public health, and further studies need to be conducted to verity more specific association between oral health and other chronic diseases. Systematic review registration: https://www.crd.york.ac.uk/PROSPERO/#recordDetails, identifier: CRD42022315315.


Assuntos
Saúde Holística , Saúde Bucal , Idoso , Humanos , Metanálise como Assunto , Saúde Pública , Qualidade de Vida , Relatório de Pesquisa , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto
6.
Tijdschr Psychiatr ; 64(9): 617-621, 2022.
Artigo em Holandês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36349859

RESUMO

During the diagnostic process of developmental disorders in adults, diagnosticians often encounter diagnostic uncertainty. In this article, I describe how the holistic theory can be employed in this context in order to prevent diagnostic reductionism. A fictitious vignette illustrates the method.


Assuntos
Deficiências do Desenvolvimento , Saúde Holística , Adulto , Humanos , Incerteza , Erros de Diagnóstico/prevenção & controle , Deficiências do Desenvolvimento/diagnóstico , Transtornos do Neurodesenvolvimento/diagnóstico
7.
PLoS One ; 17(10): e0276501, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36315554

RESUMO

Holistic health care (HHC) is a synonym for complete patient care, and as such an efficient clinical decision support system (CDSS) for HHC is critical to support the judgement of physician's decision in response of patient's physical, emotional, social, economic, and spiritual needs. The field of artificial intelligence (AI) has evolved considerably in the past decades and many AI applications have been deployed in various contexts. Therefore, this study aims to propose an AI-assisted CDSS model that predicts patients in need of HHC and applies an improved recurrent neural network (RNN) model, long short-term memory (LSTM) for the prediction. The data sources include in-patient's comorbidity status and daily vital sign attributes such as blood pressure, heart rate, oxygen prescription, etc. A two-year dataset consisting of 121 thousand anonymized patient cases with 890 thousand physiological medical records was obtained from a medical center in Taiwan for system evaluation. Comparing with the rule-based expert system, the proposed AI-assisted CDSS improves sensitivity from 26.44% to 80.84% and specificity from 99.23% to 99.95%. The experimental results demonstrate that an AI-assisted CDSS could efficiently predict HHC patients.


Assuntos
Inteligência Artificial , Sistemas de Apoio a Decisões Clínicas , Humanos , Saúde Holística , Sistemas Especialistas , Assistência ao Paciente
9.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 26(3): 226-232, set-dez. 2022.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1399006

RESUMO

A aromaterapia, de acordo com referenciais como Machado e Fernandes Junior (2011), vem ganhando espaço significativo na área da saúde, possuindo diversas propriedades benéficas aos seres humanos quando utilizada de forma correta e adequada, sendo a sálvia um dos compostos naturais empregados por ela. A sálvia, além das propriedades para a saúde física, apresenta benefícios para aspectos de âmbito emocional, incluindo-se a ansiedade, origem de transtornos muito presentes na vida das pessoas. O objetivo do presente estudo consiste em realizar um levantamento bibliográfico sobre a utilização da sálvia na aromaterapia, sobre seus benefícios tanto para a saúde física, quanto para a saúde mental dos indivíduos, principalmente contra a ansiedade. Conclui-se neste trabalho que a sálvia quando utilizada na aromaterapia possui um papel importante contra a ansiedade, além de outros vieses físicos, auxiliando o paciente em uma visão holística, de modo integral, podendo contribuir também para o progresso dos sistemas de saúde.


Aromatherapy, according to references such as Machado and Fernandes Junior (2011), has been gaining significant space in the health area, having several beneficial properties to human beings when used correctly and appropriately, with salvia being one of the natural compounds used by it. Salvia, in addition to its properties for physical health, has benefits for aspects of an emotional scope, including anxiety, the origin of disorders very present in people's lives. The objective of the present study is to carry out a bibliographic survey on the use of sage in aromatherapy, on its benefits for both physical and mental health of individuals, especially against anxiety. It is concluded in this work that sage when used in aromatherapy has an important role against anxiety, in addition to other physical biases, helping the patient in a holistic view, in an integral way, and may also contribute to the progress of health systems.


Según referencias como la de Machado y Fernandes Junior (2011), la aromaterapia ha ido ganando un espacio importante en el área de la salud, con varias propiedades beneficiosas para el ser humano cuando se utiliza de forma correcta y adecuada, y la salvia es uno de los compuestos naturales utilizados por ella. La salvia, además de sus propiedades para la salud física, tiene beneficios para los aspectos emocionales, incluyendo la ansiedad, origen de trastornos muy presentes en la vida de las personas. El objetivo de este estudio es realizar un estudio bibliográfico sobre el uso de la salvia en aromaterapia, sobre sus beneficios para la salud física y mental de las personas, especialmente contra la ansiedad. Se concluye en este trabajo que la salvia cuando se usa en aromaterapia tiene un papel importante contra la ansiedad, además de otras predisposiciones físicas, ayudando al paciente en una visión holística, integral, y también puede contribuir al progreso de los sistemas de salud.


Assuntos
Ansiedade , Aromaterapia , Salvia , Qualidade de Vida , Terapias Complementares , Saúde Mental , Bibliotecas Digitais , Saúde Holística
10.
J Med Virol ; 94(12): 5653-5668, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36002399

RESUMO

Many people who have survived COVID-19 have experienced negative persistent impacts on health. Impacts on health have included persistent respiratory symptoms, decreased quality of life, fatigue, impaired functional capacity, memory deficits, psychological impacts, and difficulties in returning to paid employment. Evidence is yet to be pooled to inform future directions in research and practice, to determine the physical, psychological, social, and spiritual impacts of the illness which extend beyond the acute phase of COVID-19 survivors. This umbrella review (review of systematic reviews) critically synthesized physical (including abnormal laboratory parameters), psychological, social, and spiritual impacts which extended beyond the acute phase of COVID-19 survivors. The search strategy was based on the sample, phenomena of interest, design, evaluation, research model and all publications were double screened independently by four review authors for the eligibility criteria. Data extraction and quality assessment were conducted in parallel independently. Eighteen systematic reviews were included, which represented a total of 493 publications. Sample sizes ranged from n = 15 to n = 44 799 with a total of n = 295 455 participants. There was incomplete reporting of several significant data points including the description of the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 variant, COVID-19 treatments, and key clinical and demographic data. A number of physical, psychological, and social impacts were identified for individuals grappling with post-COVID condition. The long term sequalae of acute COVID-19 and size of the problem is only beginning to emerge. Further investigation is needed to ensure that those affected by post-COVID condition have their informational, spiritual, psychological, social, and physical needs met in the future.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Infecções por Coronavirus , Pneumonia Viral , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Saúde Holística , Humanos , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Qualidade de Vida , SARS-CoV-2 , Sobreviventes , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto
11.
Prof Case Manag ; 27(5): 250-253, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35901259
12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35805838

RESUMO

Geriatric syndromes (GSs) and aging-associated diseases (AADs) are common side effects of aging. They are affecting the lives of millions of older adults and placing immense pressure on healthcare systems and economies worldwide. It is imperative to study the factors causing these conditions and develop a holistic framework for their management. The so-called long-lived individuals-people over the age of 90 who managed to retain much of their health and functionality-could be holding the key to understanding these factors and their health implications. We analyzed the health status and lifestyle of the long-lived individuals and identified risk factors for GSs. Family history greatly contributes to the health and prevention of cognitive decline in older adults. Lifestyle and certain socioeconomic factors such as education, the age of starting to work and retiring, job type and income level, physical activity, and hobby were also associated with certain GSs. Moreover, the levels of total protein, albumin, alpha-1 globulins, high-density lipoprotein, free triiodothyronine, and 25-hydroxyvitamin D were direct indicators of the current health status. The proposed mathematical model allows the prediction of successful aging based on family history, social and economic factors, and life-long physical activity (f1 score = 0.72, AUC = 0.68, precision = 0.83 and recall = 0.64).


Assuntos
Envelhecimento/fisiologia , Avaliação Geriátrica , Promoção da Saúde/métodos , Longevidade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Envelhecimento/psicologia , Escolaridade , Exercício Físico , Nível de Saúde , Saúde Holística , Humanos , Renda , Atividades de Lazer , Estilo de Vida , Ocupações , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Síndrome
13.
J Evid Based Integr Med ; 27: 2515690X221103303, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35651305

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This systematic review aims to examine existing randomized controlled trials on interventions adopting Body-Mind-Spirit (BMS) model and evaluated the effectiveness of holistic well-being outcomes. Following three key concepts of the BMS model, our review questions included (1) How was BMS defined? (2) What activities were included, and how were they related to BMS dimensions? (3) What were interventionists' backgrounds, and whether they received BMS training? (4) What were holistic outcomes? and (5) What were the effectiveness and qualities of studies? METHODS: Searches were performed using nine databases for the studies published through August 2020. The process follows PRISMA protocol, and the "risk of bias" tool from the Cochrane Handbook was utilized to determine the quality of included studies. RESULTS: Across 20 included studies, 18 (90%) presented a BMS definition, but only seven (35%) included all three key concepts of the BMS model. Eight studies (40%) offered detailed descriptions of body, mind, and spirit sections, and 12 (60%) mentioned cultural factors. Only five (25%) specified the body, mind, and spirit activities, and only three (15%) reported the BMS training in detail. Seven studies (35%) showed effectiveness in holistic outcomes. Only three (15%) were considered as high quality. CONCLUSION: A unified definition of the BMS model and the guideline to apply the BMS model to design and implement interventions are highly recommended to provide a standard framework for researchers to conduct future studies. The reason for low quality is because the lack of adequate allocation concealment and blindings.


Assuntos
Saúde Holística , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Humanos
14.
BMC Psychol ; 10(1): 145, 2022 Jun 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35676701

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Smartphone use has become a pervasive aspect of youth daily life today. Immersive engagement with apps and features on the smartphone may lead to intimate and affectionate human-device relationships. The purpose of this research is to holistically dissect the ranked order of the various dimensions of college students' attachment to the smartphones through the by-person factorial analytical power of Q methodology. METHODS: Inspired by extant research into diverse aspects of human attachment to the smartphones, a concourse of 50 statements pertinent to the functional, behavioral, emotional and psychological dimensions of human-smartphone attachment were pilot tested and developed. A P sample of 67 participants completed the Q sort based on respective subjective perceptions and self-references. Data was processed utilizing the open-source Web-based Ken-Q Analysis software in detecting the main factorial structure. RESULTS: Five distinct factor (persona) exemplars were identified illustrating different pragmatic, cognitive and attitudinal approaches to smartphone engagement. They were labeled mainstream users, disciplined conventionalists, casual fun-seekers, inquisitive nerds, and sentient pragmatists in response to their respective psycho-behavioral traits. There were clear patterns of similarity and divergence among the five personas. CONCLUSION: The typological diversity points to the multiplicate nature of human-smartphone attachment. Clusters of cognitive, behavioral and habitual patterns in smartphone engagement driving each persona may be a productive area of exploration in future research in exploring their respective emotional and other outcomes. The concurrent agency of nomophobia and anthropomorphic attribution is an intriguing line of academic inquiry.


Assuntos
Apego ao Objeto , Smartphone , Estudantes/psicologia , Adolescente , Análise Fatorial , Saúde Holística , Humanos , Projetos Piloto , Q-Sort , Adulto Jovem
15.
Aten. prim. (Barc., Ed. impr.) ; 54(6): 102315, Jun 2022. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-205028

RESUMO

To study if the consultation's problems classification of a fictitious case by General and Family Medicine doctors, showed the characteristics of being a mechanistic or a systemic approach. Exploratory cross-sectional observational study in a convenience sample of the General Practice/Family Medicine population, internees included, in April 2020, applying a modified real world clinical case. Central Portugal and the Autonomous Region of Azores. General Practice/Family Medicine specialists and internees. Electronic Doctors invitation to participate, anonymously, in specific doctor's social networks. A self-fulfilling questionnaire was used to verify the classification of a clinical case in Subjective, Assessment and Plan (from the SOAP methodology) with the response options of the International Classification of Primary Health Care (ICPC2) in chapters P (Psychological) and Z (Social) possible for this case. “Technicists” doctors, only classifying “P” codes and “Systemics” classifying “P+Z” or only “Z” ICPC2 codes were defined. Differences between genders, work place, being an internee or specialist and being a tutor in specialized formation were studied. A sample of 227 30% (n=68) males, specialists represented 66% (n=149), of whom 49% (n=73) were internee's tutors and 34% (n=78) were internees, was studied. In the Subjective chapter of the SOAP methodology, 44.1% (n=100) were “technicists”, for Assessment n=93 (40.8%) were “technicists” and for P chapter classification 56.8% were “technicists”. For S, A and P chapters classification there was no significant difference between the considered variables. In this sample General Practice/Family Medicine Portuguese doctors were more “systemic” for the S and A chapters of the SOAP model, And “technicists” in the P chapter.(AU)


El enfoque de la medicina centrada en el paciente (MCP) es cada vez más importante debido a su asociación de efectos positivos sobre el médico y el paciente. El presente estudio tuvo como objetivo conocer si el abordaje de un caso clínico, a través de la clasificación de problemas de consulta de un caso ficticio por médicos de Medicina General y de Familia, presenta características de abordaje mecanicista o sistémico. Estudio observacional transversal en una muestra de conveniencia de la población de Medicina General/Medicina Familiar, incluidos los internos, en abril del 2020, aplicando un caso clínico del mundo real modificado de Portugal y los especialistas en Medicina General/Medicina Familiar de Azores y de Portugal central. Especialistas en Medicina General/Medicina Familiar e internados. Los médicos fueron invitados a participar, de forma anónima, mediante invitación electrónica, ya sea en la red oficial de pasantías o en la red social de un médico específico, la red MGFamiliar. Se utilizó un cuestionario autocumplimentable para verificar la clasificación de un caso clínico en subjetivo, evaluación y planificación (de la metodología SOAP) con las opciones de respuesta de la Clasificación Internacional de Atención Primaria de Salud (CIPC2) en los capítulos P (Psicológico) y Z (Social) posible para este caso. Se definieron médicos «técnicos» solo clasificando con códigos «P» y «sistémicos» clasificando «P+Z»’ o solo con códigos ICPC2 «Z». Se estudiaron las diferencias entre géneros, lugar de trabajo, ser interno o especialista, ser tutor en formación especializada. En una muestra de 227 sujetos, 30% (n=68) varones, los especialistas representaron el 66% (n=149), de los cuales el 49% (n=73) fueron tutores internos y el 34% (n=78), internos. Para la clasificación en el capítulo subjetivo de la metodología SOAP, el 44,1% (n=100) eran «técnicos», para la evaluación n=93 (40,8%) eran «técnicos» y para la clasificación del capítulo P el 56,8% eran «técnicos».(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Medicina Geral , Medicina de Família e Comunidade , Portugal , Relações Médico-Paciente , Saúde Holística , Pessoal de Saúde , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Estudos Transversais , Inquéritos e Questionários
16.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 8415, 2022 05 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35589750

RESUMO

Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is a recurrent inflammatory skin disease with a complex etiopathogenesis whose treatment poses a challenge in the clinical practice. Here, we present a novel integrated pipeline produced by the European consortium BATMAN (Biomolecular Analysis for Tailored Medicine in Acne iNversa) aimed at investigating the molecular pathways involved in HS by developing new diagnosis algorithms and building cellular models to pave the way for personalized treatments. The objectives of our european Consortium are the following: (1) identify genetic variants and alterations in biological pathways associated with HS susceptibility, severity and response to treatment; (2) design in vitro two-dimensional epithelial cell and tri-dimensional skin models to unravel the HS molecular mechanisms; and (3) produce holistic health records HHR to complement medical observations by developing a smartphone application to monitor patients remotely. Dermatologists, geneticists, immunologists, molecular cell biologists, and computer science experts constitute the BATMAN consortium. Using a highly integrated approach, the BATMAN international team will identify novel biomarkers for HS diagnosis and generate new biological and technological tools to be used by the clinical community to assess HS severity, choose the most suitable therapy and follow the outcome.


Assuntos
Dermatite , Hidradenite Supurativa , Biomarcadores , Dermatite/complicações , Hidradenite Supurativa/diagnóstico , Hidradenite Supurativa/genética , Hidradenite Supurativa/terapia , Saúde Holística , Humanos , Pele
17.
Sensors (Basel) ; 22(9)2022 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35591246

RESUMO

Manual sleep stage scoring is usually implemented with the help of sleep specialists by means of visual inspection of the neurophysiological signals of the patient. As it is a very hectic task to perform, automated sleep stage classification systems were developed in the past, and advancements are being made consistently by researchers. The various stages of sleep are identified by these automated sleep stage classification systems, and it is quite an important step to assist doctors for the diagnosis of sleep-related disorders. In this work, a holistic strategy named as clustering and dimensionality reduction with feature extraction cum selection for classification along with deep learning (CDFCD) is proposed for the classification of sleep stages with EEG signals. Though the methodology follows a similar structural flow as proposed in the past works, many advanced and novel techniques are proposed under each category in this work flow. Initially, clustering is applied with the help of hierarchical clustering, spectral clustering, and the proposed principal component analysis (PCA)-based subspace clustering. Then the dimensionality of it is reduced with the help of the proposed singular value decomposition (SVD)-based spectral algorithm and the standard variational Bayesian matrix factorization (VBMF) technique. Then the features are extracted and selected with the two novel proposed techniques, such as the sparse group lasso technique with dual-level implementation (SGL-DLI) and the ridge regression technique with limiting weight scheme (RR-LWS). Finally, the classification happens with the less explored multiclass Gaussian process classification (MGC), the proposed random arbitrary collective classification (RACC), and the deep learning technique using long short-term memory (LSTM) along with other conventional machine learning techniques. This methodology is validated on the sleep EDF database, and the results obtained with this methodology have surpassed the results of the previous studies in terms of the obtained classification accuracy reporting a high accuracy of 93.51% even for the six-classes classification problem.


Assuntos
Eletroencefalografia , Fases do Sono , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília , Automação , Teorema de Bayes , Aprendizado Profundo , Eletroencefalografia/métodos , Saúde Holística , Humanos , Aprendizado de Máquina , Análise de Componente Principal , Sono/fisiologia , Fases do Sono/fisiologia , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/classificação , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/diagnóstico , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/fisiopatologia
18.
BMC Public Health ; 22(1): 1002, 2022 05 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35585536

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Research on associations between social integration and wellbeing holds promise to inform policy and practice targets for health promotion. Yet, studies of social connection too frequently rely on overly simplistic measures and give inadequate attention to manifestation and meanings of social integration across diverse groups. We use the term socio-cultural integration to describe expanded assessment of both social and cultural aspects of belonging and connection. METHODS: We examined 7 distinct indicators of socio-cultural integration, identified heterogeneous patterns of responses across these indicators using latent profile analysis, and determined their relevance for wellbeing using survey data from a study with Indigenous communities in the U.S. and Canada. Wellbeing was measured using holistic ratings of self-rated physical, emotional, and spiritual health. RESULTS: Latent profile analysis (LPA) of responses to the 7 socio-cultural integration variables yielded a 3-class model, which we labeled low, moderate, and high integration. Mean scores on self-rated physical, mental and spiritual health were significantly associated with LPA profiles, such that those in the low integration group had the lowest self-rated health scores and those in the high integration group had the highest health scores. With the exception of similar ratings of cultural identification between low and moderate integration profiles, patterns of responses to the diverse socio-cultural integration measures varied significantly across the 3 latent profiles. CONCLUSIONS: Results underscore the importance of expanding our assessment of social integration with attention to the interrelationships of family, community, culture, and our environment. Such concepts align with Indigenous conceptions of wellbeing, and have relevance for health across cultures. More concretely, the indicators of socio-cultural integration used in this study (e.g., cultural identity, having a sense of connectedness to nature or family, giving or receiving social support) represent malleable targets for inclusion in health promotion initiatives.


Assuntos
Saúde Holística , Apoio Social , Canadá , Promoção da Saúde , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
19.
J Clin Psychol Med Settings ; 29(3): 498-508, 2022 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35524890

RESUMO

This study evaluates the impact of an intervention targeting high-risk behaviors among diverse, alcohol-using adults living with HIV (N = 267) from 2009 to 2013 in Miami, FL. The intervention took place in a group setting for eight sessions over 4 weeks and was compared to a didactic health promotion group. Assessments were conducted pre-intervention, post-intervention, and at 3, 6, and 12 months follow-up. Intervention participants (48% of sample) evidenced greater knowledge about HIV, more condom self-efficacy, and greater intentions to use condoms after participation. This was particularly noteworthy because associations among knowledge about HIV, more condom self-efficacy, and greater intentions to use condoms were negatively associated with intervention status at baseline. Participants also reported fewer heavy drinking days after participating in the intervention than those in the control group. Greater HIV knowledge, more condom self-efficacy and intentions to use condoms predicted more condom assertiveness; greater intentions to use condoms predicted fewer unprotected sexual behaviors. These findings underscore the importance of taking a comprehensive, multi-systemic approach to address risky behaviors in high-risk, diverse populations.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV , Saúde Holística , Adulto , Cognição , Preservativos , Infecções por HIV/prevenção & controle , Infecções por HIV/psicologia , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Assunção de Riscos , Comportamento Sexual/psicologia
20.
J Transcult Nurs ; 33(4): 521-528, 2022 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35506516

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Supporting independent functioning of homebound, chronically ill older adults (HOAs) is a major concern across cultures. In Thailand, actions HOAs take to remain independent and maintain their holistic (mental, physical, and spiritual) health is understudied. Therefore, we explored self-care practices used by rural Thai HOAs to maintain their independence. METHODS: We used a focused ethnographic approach, recruiting HOAs, their families, and community members from a rural area in Southern Thailand. Data were analyzed using content analysis. RESULTS: Sixteen HOAs and 23 family/community members participated. Three themes emerged: self-care to stay healthy, sharing life with family and society in a positive way, incorporating both folk and modern medicine to maintain health. Factors facilitating holistic health practices were supportive family network, Thai cultural beliefs, community strength and support, and health care services. DISCUSSION/CONCLUSIONS: These findings may help health care professionals develop interventions supporting holistic health practices of Thai HOAs to remain independent.


Assuntos
Antropologia Cultural , Saúde Holística , Idoso , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , População Rural , Tailândia
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...