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1.
Khirurgiia (Mosk) ; (5): 34-42, 2022.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35593626

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of a step-by-step protocol for GT-guided transthoracic biopsy in verification of peripheral lung tumors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of the results of GT-guided transthoracic biopsies of focal lung neoplasms was performed between October 2019 and December 2020. The analysis included the results of 176 biopsies in 158 patients. RESULTS: Primary biopsy was informative in 139 (87.97%) out of 158 patients. There were 155 (88.07%) informative and 21 (11.93%) non-informative biopsies. Lung adenocarcinoma was diagnosed in 41 (25.95%) patients, squamous cell carcinoma in 35 (22.15%) patients, and small cell carcinoma in 9 (5.7%) patients. There were 17 (10.76%) patients with uninformative biopsy results. Sensitivity, specificity and accuracy were 86%, 95.5%, and 87.8%, respectively. PPV was 98.9%, NPV - 58.3%. Various complications occurred after 65 (36.93%) out of 176 biopsies (95% CI 30.15-44.27). Pneumothorax followed by pleural drainage was detected after 8 (4.55%) biopsies. CONCLUSION: Accuracy of a step-by-step protocol for transthoracic biopsy was 88% that is not inferior to similar results in large-scale studies devoted to specialized navigation systems.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares , Pneumotórax , Biópsia por Agulha/efeitos adversos , Biópsia por Agulha/métodos , Humanos , Biópsia Guiada por Imagem/efeitos adversos , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Pulmão/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Pneumotórax/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
BMC Urol ; 22(1): 74, 2022 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35513861

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the causes of missed diagnosis in mpMRI/TRUS fusion-guided targeted prostate biopsy. METHODS: The clinical data of 759 patients who underwent transperineal prostate biopsy from March 2021 to June 2021 at Nanjing DrumTower Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. Twenty-one patients had MRI contraindications. Ultimately, 738 patients completed mpMRI/TRUS fusion-guided targeted prostate biopsy + 12-core transperineal systematic biopsy after mpMRI and PI-RADS scoring. The pathological diagnoses from targeted and systematic biopsy were compared to evaluate and analyze the reasons for missed diagnoses in targeted biopsy. RESULTS: A total of 388 prostate cancer patients were identified, including 37 (9%) missed diagnoses with targeted biopsy and 44 (11.34%) with systematic biopsy. Between the target biopsy missed diagnosis group and not missed diagnosis group, there was no significant difference in age (71.08 ± 7.11 vs. 71.80 ± 7.94), but PSA (13.63 ± 12.41 vs. 54.54 ± 177.25 ng/ml), prostate volume (61.82 ± 40.64 vs. 44.34 ± 25.07 cm3), PSAD (0.27 ± 0.28 vs. 1.07 ± 2.91), and ISUP grade [1(1) vs. 3(2)] were significantly different. The pathological results of the 37 targeted biopsy missed diagnoses were recompared with MRI: 21 prostate cancers were normal on MRI; 9 cancer areas were abnormal on MRI; and 7 cancer areas on MRI were PI-RADS 3. CONCLUSIONS: Early prostate cancer, large prostate, effect of local anesthesia, doctor-patient cooperation, MRI diagnosis, and operator technology were possible factors for missed diagnosis in targeted biopsy. Improvements imaging technology, greater experience, and personalized biopsy may lead to an accurate pathological diagnosis.


Assuntos
Imagem por Ressonância Magnética Intervencionista , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética Multiparamétrica , Neoplasias da Próstata , Humanos , Biópsia Guiada por Imagem/métodos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética Intervencionista/métodos , Masculino , Diagnóstico Ausente , Estudos Prospectivos , Próstata/diagnóstico por imagem , Próstata/patologia , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção/métodos
3.
Prostate ; 82(9): 970-983, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35437769

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study assesses magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) prostate % tumor involvement or "PI-RADs percent" as a predictor of adverse pathology (AP) after surgery for localized prostate cancer (PCa). Two separate variables, "All PI-RADS percent" (APP) and "Highest PI-RADS percent" (HPP), are defined as the volume of All PI-RADS 3-5 score lesions on MRI and the volume of the Highest PI-RADS 3-5 score lesion each divided by TPV, respectively. METHOD: An analysis was done of an IRB approved prospective cohort of 557 patients with localized PCa who had targeted biopsy of MRI PIRADs 3-5 lesions followed by RARP from April 2015 to May 2020 performed by a single surgeon at a single center. AP was defined as ISUP GGG ≥3, pT stage ≥T3 and/or LNI. Univariate and multivariable analyses were used to evaluate APP and HPP at predicting AP with other clinical variables such as Age, PSA at surgery, Race, Biopsy GGG, mpMRI ECE and mpMRI SVI. Internal and External Validation demonstrated predicted probabilities versus observed probabilities. RESULTS: AP was reported in 44.5% (n = 248) of patients. Multivariable regression showed both APP (odds ratio [OR]: 1.10, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.04-1.14, p = 0.0007) and HPP (OR: 1.10; 95% CI: 1.04-1.16; p = 0.0007) were significantly associated with AP with individual area under the operating curves (AUCs) of 0.6142 and 0.6229, respectively, and AUCs of 0.8129 and 0.8124 when incorporated in models including preoperative PSA and highest biopsy GGG. CONCLUSIONS: Increasing PI-RADS Percent was associated with a higher risk of AP, and both APP and HPP may have clinical utility as predictors of AP in GGG 1 and 2 patients being considered for AS. PATIENT SUMMARY: Using PIRADs percent to predict AP for presurgical patients may help risk stratification, and for low and low volume intermediate risk patients, may influence treatment decisions.


Assuntos
Patologia Cirúrgica , Neoplasias da Próstata , Humanos , Biópsia Guiada por Imagem/métodos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Próstata/química , Próstata/diagnóstico por imagem , Próstata/cirurgia , Antígeno Prostático Específico/análise , Neoplasias da Próstata/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Neoplasias da Próstata/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos
4.
Head Neck ; 44(6): 1462-1467, 2022 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35388941

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Milan system for reporting salivary gland cytopathology (MSRSGC) was introduced to standardize reporting of salivary gland cytopathology. METHODS: A retrospective review of ultrasound-guided fine needle biopsy of salivary gland lesions was performed between January 2018 and May 2021 at a community otolaryngology practice. Diagnostic accuracy and rate of diagnostic sialoadenectomy were calculated. RESULTS: A total of 203 FNAs (fine needle aspiration) were performed in 184 patients. MSRSGC was utilized in 87/203 cytopathology reports, with a diagnostic accuracy of 84%. Descriptive reporting was used in 115 FNAs, with a diagnostic accuracy of 89% (p = 0.68). Sialoadenectomy rate was 41% for MSRSGC compared to 36% in descriptive cytopathology (p = 0.48). CONCLUSIONS: MSRSGC is as accurate as descriptive cytopathology and the rate of diagnostic sialoadenectomy between both groups is similar in our community. The MSRSGC brings uniformity and standardization to the FNA reporting process.


Assuntos
Neoplasias das Glândulas Salivares , Biópsia por Agulha Fina , Humanos , Biópsia Guiada por Imagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias das Glândulas Salivares/patologia , Glândulas Salivares/patologia , Glândulas Salivares/cirurgia
5.
Int J Comput Assist Radiol Surg ; 17(6): 993-1005, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35489007

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Breast cancer is currently the cancer type with the highest incidence in the world, and it is extremely harmful to women's health. MRI-guided breast biopsy is a common method in clinical examination of breast cancer. However, traditional breast biopsy is less accurate and takes a long time. In this study, an integrated navigation system (INS) based on a dedicated breast support device (DBSD) was proposed to assist doctors in biopsy. METHODS: The grid-shaped DBSD can reduce the displacement and deformation of the breast during the biopsy operation and is convenient for puncture. The robot system based on the DBSD is designed to assist doctors in performing puncture action. The software system has functions such as registration, path planning, and real-time tracking of biopsy needles based on the DBSD, which can assist doctors in completing the entire biopsy procedure. A series of experiments are designed to verify the feasibility and accuracy of the system. RESULTS: Experiments prove that the robot system has reasonable structure and meets the requirements of MR compatibility. The latency of the INS during intraoperative navigation is 0.30 ± 0.03 s. In the phantom puncture experiment, the puncture error under the navigation of the INS is 1.04 ± 0.15 mm. CONCLUSION: The INS proposed in this paper can be applied to assist doctors in breast biopsy in MR environment, improve the accuracy of biopsy and shorten the time of biopsy. The experimental results show that the system is feasible and accurate.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Punções , Biópsia por Agulha/métodos , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Biópsia Guiada por Imagem/métodos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Agulhas , Imagens de Fantasmas
6.
Br J Radiol ; 95(1134): 20210927, 2022 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35451312

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To compare second-look ultrasound (SL-ultrasound) with second-look digital breast tomosynthesis (SL-DBT) in the detection of additional lesions (ALs) with presurgical contrast-enhanced spectral mammography (CESM). METHODS: We retrospectively included 121 women with 128 ALs from patients who underwent CESM for presurgical staging at our centre from September 2016 to December 2018. These ALs underwent SL-ultrasound and a retrospective review of DBT (SL-DBT) performed 1-3 weeks prior to CESM to evaluate the performance of each technique individually and in combination. ALs in CESM images were evaluated according to enhancement type (focus, mass, or non-mass), size (<10 mm or >10 mm) and level of suspicion (BI-RADS 2, 3, 4 or 5). Our gold-standard was post-biopsy histology, post-surgical specimen or >24 month negative follow-up. McNemar's test was used for the statistical analysis. RESULTS: Out of the 128 ALs, an imaging correlate was found for 71 (55.5 %) with ultrasound, 79 (61.7%) with DBT, 53 (41.4 %) with DBT and ultrasound, and 97 (75.8%) with ultrasound and/or DBT. SL-DBT demonstrated a higher detection rate vs SL-ultrasound in non-mass enhancement (NME) pattern (p: 0.0325) and ductal carcinoma in situ histological type (p: 0.0081). Adding SL-DBT improved the performance vs SL-ultrasound alone in the overall sample (p: <0.0001) and in every subcategory identified; adding SL-ultrasound to SL-DBT improved the detectability of ALs in the overall sample and in every category except for NME (p: 0.0833), foci (p: 0.0833) and B3 lesions (p: 0.3173). CONCLUSION: Combined second-look imaging (SL-DBT+ SL-ultrasound) for CESM ALs is superior to SL-DBT alone and SL-ultrasound alone. In B3 lesions, NME, and foci, the analysis of a larger sample could determine whether adding SL-ultrasound to SL-DBT is necessary or not. ADVANCES IN KNOWLEDGE: Thanks to its high sensitivity, CESM is a useful tool in presurgical staging to detect the extent of the disease burden and identify ALs not detected with conventional imaging. Since CESM-guided biopsy systems are still scarcely available in clinical practice, it is necessary to look for other approaches to histologically characterize ALs detected with CESM. In our study, combined second-look imaging (SL-DBT + SL-ultrasound) showed better performance in terms of detectability of ALs, than either SL-DBT or SL-ultrasound alone, and allowed us to identify 91.2% of ALs that turned out to be malignant at final histology; for the remaining 8.8% it was still necessary to perform MRI or MRI-guided biopsy. However, this issue could be solved once CESM-guided biopsies spread in clinical practice. SL-DBT demonstrated a higher detection rate than SL-ultrasound in NME and ductal carcinoma in situ histology.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Carcinoma Intraductal não Infiltrante , Mama/patologia , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Carcinoma Intraductal não Infiltrante/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Biópsia Guiada por Imagem/métodos , Mamografia/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Ultrassonografia Mamária/métodos
7.
BMJ Open ; 12(4): e053118, 2022 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35428621

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: European Association of Urology and UK National Institute for Health and Care Excellence guidelines recommend that all men with suspicions of prostate cancer should undergo prebiopsy contrast enhanced, that is, multiparametric prostate MRI. Subsequent prostate biopsies should also be performed if MRI is positive, that is, Prostate Imaging-Reporting and Data System (PI-RADS) scores 3-5. However, several retrospective post hoc analyses have shown that this approach still leads to many unnecessary biopsy procedures. For example, 88%-96% of men with PI-RADS, three findings are still diagnosed with clinically non-significant prostate cancer or no cancer at all. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This is a prospective, randomised, controlled, multicentre trial, being conducted in Finland, to demonstrate non-inferiority in clinically significant cancer detection rates among men undergoing prostate biopsies post-MRI and men undergoing prostate biopsies post-MRI only after a shared decision based on individualised risk estimation. Men without previous diagnosis of prostate cancer and with abnormal digital rectal examination findings and/or prostate-specific antigen between 2.5 ug/L and 20.0 ug/L are included. We aim to recruit 830 men who are randomised at a 1:1 ratio into control (all undergo biopsies after MRI) and intervention arms (the decision to perform biopsies is based on risk estimation and shared decision-making). The primary outcome of the study is the proportion of men with clinically significant prostate cancer (Gleason 4+3 prostate cancer or higher). We will also compare the overall biopsy rate, benign biopsy rate and the detection of non-significant prostate cancer between the two study groups. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: The study (protocol V.2.0, 4 January 2021) was approved by the Ethics Committee of the Hospital District of Southwest Finland (IORG number: 0001744, IBR number: 00002216; trial number: 99/1801/2019). Participants are required to provide written informed consent. Full reports of this study will be submitted to peer-reviewed journals, mainly urology and radiology. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT04287088; the study is registered at ClinicalTrials.gov.


Assuntos
Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Neoplasias da Próstata , Humanos , Biópsia Guiada por Imagem/métodos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Masculino , Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto , Estudos Prospectivos , Neoplasias da Próstata/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Estudos Retrospectivos
8.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 6964, 2022 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35484364

RESUMO

We aimed to confirm the reliability of the results of bi-parametric magnetic resolution imaging-ultrasound fusion targeted and systematic biopsies (bpMRI-US transperineal FTSB) compared to prostatectomy specimens. We retrospectively analyzed the records of 80 men who underwent bpMRI-US transperineal FTSB with region of interest (ROI) and subsequent robot-assisted radical prostatectomy. Changes in the grade group determined by MRI and biopsy versus surgical specimens were analyzed. Thirty-five patients with insignificant prostate cancer and 45 with significant cancer were diagnosed using bpMRI-US transperineal FTSB. Among those with insignificant PCa, 25 (71.4%) were upgraded to significant PCa in prostatectomy specimens: 9/12 (75.0%) with Prostate Imaging Reporting and Data System (PI-RADS) 3, 12/16 (75.0%) with PI-RADS 4, and 4/7 (57.1%) with PI-RADS 5. In the PI-RADS 3 group, the upgraded group showed higher prostate specific antigen (PSA) and PSA density (PSAD) than the concordance group; PSA 8.34(2.73) vs. 5.31(2.46) (p = 0.035) and PSAD 0.29(0.11) vs. 0.18(0.09) (p = 0.025). The results of prostate biopsy and prostatectomy specimens were inconsistent and underestimated in patients with MRI-visible lesions. Therefore, for precise and individualized treatment strategies for PCa with MRI-visible lesions, careful interpretation of biopsy result is required.


Assuntos
Próstata , Neoplasias da Próstata , Humanos , Biópsia Guiada por Imagem/métodos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Masculino , Próstata/diagnóstico por imagem , Próstata/patologia , Próstata/cirurgia , Antígeno Prostático Específico , Prostatectomia , Neoplasias da Próstata/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Neoplasias da Próstata/cirurgia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos
9.
BMC Med Imaging ; 22(1): 65, 2022 04 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35392835

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ultrasound (US) guided transoral biopsy is a novel and safe procedure for obtaining tissue in patients with oral masses. However, this procedure is less commonly used in comparison to US guided transcutaneous biopsy. The aim of this study is to compare the efficacy and safety of US-guided transoral and transcutaneous core needle biopsy (CNB) in patients with oral masses. METHODS: From November 2019 to March 2021, consecutive patients with oral masses were randomly assigned to undergo US-guided transoral CNB (transoral group) and US-guided transcutaneous CNB from a submental approach (transcutaneous group). During the operation, procedure time, intra­operative blood loss volume, diagnostic performance, rate of complications and pain level were recorded and compared. RESULTS: There were 112 patients (62 in the transoral group and 50 in the transcutaneous group) evaluated in this study. The postprocedural complication rate of the transcutaneous group was significantly higher than the transoral group (24% vs. 0%, P = 0.000). There was no significant difference in accuracy (95.2% vs. 88%, P = 0.30), biopsy time (76 ± 12 s vs. 80 ± 13 s, p = 0.09), blood losses (2.6 ± 0.5 mL vs. 2.7 ± 0.4 mL, p = 0.17) and visual analogue score (p = 0.327 and p = 0.444 before and after the sampling procedure) between the two groups. CONCLUSION: US-guided transoral CNB results in high rates of technical success and lower rates of postprocedural complications.


Assuntos
Biópsia Guiada por Imagem , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção , Biópsia com Agulha de Grande Calibre/efeitos adversos , Biópsia com Agulha de Grande Calibre/métodos , Humanos , Biópsia Guiada por Imagem/efeitos adversos , Biópsia Guiada por Imagem/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Ultrassonografia , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção/métodos
10.
Technol Cancer Res Treat ; 21: 15330338221089940, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35410551

RESUMO

Background and Objective: Computed tomography-guided percutaneous lung biopsy is a commonly used method for clarifying the nature of nodules, masses or lung consolidation. However, the diagnostic yield of nodules needs to be improved when compared with masses during percutaneous lung biopsy. In recent years, 3D-printed coplanar templates have been gradually utilized in radioactive seed implantation for lung cancer treatment. However, there is little research on the application of 3D-printed coplanar templates in pulmonary nodules biopsy. Therefore, we conducted a single center and retrospective study to explore the application value of 3D-printed coplanar puncture template-assisted computed tomography-guided percutaneous core needle biopsy of small pulmonary nodules. Methods: 210 patients hospitalized in Taihe Hospital with pulmonary nodules underwent percutaneous core needle biopsy for histopathology diagnosis and were included in the study. 106 patients underwent conventional percutaneous lung biopsy (control group) and 104 patients underwent 3D-PCT-assisted percutaneous lung biopsy (3D-PCT group). The diagnostic yield and incidence of complications were recorded and compared between the two groups. Results: The overall diagnostic yield significantly improved in 3D-PCT group (95.2%) compared with Control group (87.7%) (P < .05); the diagnostic yield for lung nodules smaller than 2 cm in the 3D-PCT group and the control group was 94.4% and 80.5%, respectively, (P < .05). Incidence of pneumothorax (17.3% vs 18.9%) and pulmonary hemorrhage (7.7% vs 9.4%) were not significantly difference between the two groups (P > .05). Conclusions: Studies indicated that application of 3-Dimensionally printed coplanar template improves diagnostic yield of CT-guided percutaneous core needle biopsy for pulmonary nodules, especially for pulmonary nodule smaller than 2 cm.


Assuntos
Nódulos Pulmonares Múltiplos , Biópsia com Agulha de Grande Calibre , Humanos , Biópsia Guiada por Imagem/métodos , Nódulos Pulmonares Múltiplos/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos
11.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 6746, 2022 Apr 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35469056

RESUMO

To evaluate if follow-up mpMRI scans of patients in PI-RADS category 3 are safe enough to omit or delay prostate biopsy in the future and to determine an optimal control interval. This retrospective single center study includes consecutive PI-RADS category 3 patients with one or more follow-up mpMRI (T2WI, DWI, DCE) and subsequent MRI-targeted and systematic TRUS-guided biopsy between 2012 and 2018. Primary study objective was the verification of a significant PI-RADS category upgrade in follow-up mpMRI in patients with subsequent PCA positive biopsy versus patients with negative biopsy. Further objectives were development of the PI-RADS category and clinical parameters between initial and follow-up mpMRI in the context of histopathologic results and time interval. Eighty-nine patients (median PSA 6.6 ng/ml; PSAD 0.13 ng/ml/ml) were finally included (follow-up period 31 ± 18 months). 19 cases had PCA (median PSA 7.8 ng/ml; PSAD 0.14 ng/ml/ml). 4 cases had csPCA (median PSA 5.4 ng/ml; PSAD 0.13 ng/ml/ml) for which there was a significant PI-RADS upgrade after 12-24 months (mean 3.75; p = 0.01) compared to patients without PCA (mean 2.74). Without PCA the mean PI-RADS category decreased after 25-36 months (mean 2.74; p = 0.02). Clinical parameters did not change significantly except a PSAD increase for PCA patients after 24 months. Patients within PI-RADS category 3 may not need prompt biopsy since those with PCA reliably demonstrate a PI-RADS category upgrade in follow-up mpMRI after 12-24 months. PI-RADS 3 patients with negative biopsy do not benefit from follow-up mpMRI earlier than 24 months.


Assuntos
Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética Multiparamétrica , Neoplasias da Próstata , Seguimentos , Humanos , Biópsia Guiada por Imagem/métodos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Masculino , Próstata/diagnóstico por imagem , Próstata/patologia , Antígeno Prostático Específico , Neoplasias da Próstata/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
12.
J Med Invest ; 69(1.2): 51-64, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35466146

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Ultrasound-guided breast tissue biopsy is an essential technique for diagnosing breast disease, but sample errors reduce its accuracy. This study investigated whether the histopathological results can be inferred from the macroscopic findings for Ultrasound-guided breast Vacuum Assisted Biopsy (VAB) specimens. METHODS: Biopsy specimens from 101 patients who underwent mammary gland VAB were photographed with a smartphone, and the relationships between the macroscopic findings and the pathological results were examined. RESULTS: A significant difference was observed with regard to the presence/absence of turbidity: malignancy was detected in 33/37 (89%) specimens with turbidity and in 2/47 (4%) cases without turbidity (p<0.001). A significant difference was also observed regarding the surface properties:malignancy was detected in 14/70 (19%) smooth specimens and in 24/29 (83%) rough specimens (p<0.001). Also, malignancy was detected in 11/13 (85%) specimens with white spots, and the difference was significant (p<0.001). In addition, the characteristics of intraductal papilloma, fibroadenoma, and mastopathy could be confirmed by macroscopic findings. CONCLUSIONS: When needle-biopsy of a lesion that is targeted for resection yields macroscopic findings that match the predicted histopathological findings, it can be thought that the biopsy had been properly performed. This means that false-negatives due to poor specimens can be prevented. J. Med. Invest. 69 : 51-56, February, 2022.


Assuntos
Doenças Mamárias , Neoplasias da Mama , Biópsia por Agulha/métodos , Mama/patologia , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Biópsia Guiada por Imagem/métodos , Ultrassonografia Mamária
13.
BMJ Open ; 12(4): e059847, 2022 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35396316

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Multiparametric MRI (mpMRI) is now widely used to risk stratify men with a suspicion of prostate cancer and identify suspicious regions for biopsy. However, the technique has modest specificity and a high false-positive rate, especially in men with mpMRI scored as indeterminate (3/5) or likely (4/5) to have clinically significant cancer (csPCa) (Gleason ≥3+4). Advanced MRI techniques have emerged which seek to improve this characterisation and could predict biopsy results non-invasively. Before these techniques are translated clinically, robust histological and clinical validation is required. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This study aims to clinically validate two advanced MRI techniques in a prospectively recruited cohort of men suspected of prostate cancer. Histological analysis of men undergoing biopsy or prostatectomy will be used for biological validation of biomarkers derived from Vascular and Extracellular Restricted Diffusion for Cytometry in Tumours and Luminal Water imaging. In particular, prostatectomy specimens will be processed using three-dimension printed patient-specific moulds to allow for accurate MRI and histology mapping. The index tests will be compared with the histological reference standard to derive false positive rate and true positive rate for men with mpMRI scores which are indeterminate (3/5) or likely (4/5) to have clinically significant prostate cancer (csPCa). Histopathological validation from both biopsy and prostatectomy samples will provide the best ground truth in validating promising MRI techniques which could predict biopsy results and help avoid unnecessary biopsies in men suspected of prostate cancer. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: Ethical approval was granted by the London-Queen Square Research Ethics Committee (19/LO/1803) on 23 January 2020. Results from the study will be presented at conferences and submitted to peer-reviewed journals for publication. Results will also be available on ClinicalTrials.gov. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT04792138.


Assuntos
Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética Multiparamétrica , Neoplasias da Próstata , Biomarcadores , Humanos , Biópsia Guiada por Imagem , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Neoplasias da Próstata/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia
14.
Surg Clin North Am ; 102(2S): e1-e6, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35397871

RESUMO

Neck mass is a common first sign of malignancy in adult patients. Timely diagnosis can prevent disease progression. Initial evaluation of a neck mass includes creating a plan for obtaining further diagnostic information such as through imaging and tissue diagnosis. Fine-needle aspiration (FNA) can be done with or without ultrasound (US) guidance and is commonly done as an alternative to core biopsy and open biopsy. The accuracy of US-guided FNA has been shown to supersede that of palpation-guided FNA. Moreover, in-office US-guided FNA has become more accessible over time and can improve time to diagnosis.


Assuntos
Biópsia Guiada por Imagem , Adulto , Biópsia por Agulha Fina/métodos , Humanos , Ultrassonografia
15.
J Chin Med Assoc ; 85(4): 500-506, 2022 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35383704

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Identifying the risk factors for complications may alert the physicians and help them adjust their plans before performing computed tomography-guided lung biopsies. Reportedly, a pleura-nodule distance longer than 2.0 cm is a strong predictor for pneumothorax and pulmonary hemorrhage. However, the rate and risk factors of biopsy-associated complications in subpleural lesions have not been assessed. This study aimed to identify the risk factors for pneumothorax and pulmonary hemorrhage in subpleural lesions ≤2.0 cm in depth. METHODS: Altogether, 196 patients (196 subpleural lesions, lesion depth: 0.1-2.0 cm) who underwent computed tomography-guided transthoracic core-needle biopsies between March 2017 and November 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. Univariate analysis of risk factors including patient-related, lesion-related, and procedure-related characteristics was performed for pneumothorax ≥1 cm and pulmonary hemorrhage ≥2 cm after the biopsy. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to identify the independent risk factors. RESULTS: Pneumothorax ≥1 cm and pulmonary hemorrhage ≥2 cm were identified in 35 (17.9%) and 32 (16.3%) cases, respectively. In the multivariate analysis, a longer needle path (odds ratio [OR], 1.976; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.113-3.506; p = 0.020) and low attenuation along the biopsy tract (OR, 3.080; 95% CI, 1.038-9.139; p = 0.043) were predictors of pneumothorax ≥ 1 cm. Ground-glass lesions (OR, 2.360; 95% CI, 1.009-5.521; p = 0.048) and smaller needle-pleura angle (OR, 0.325; 95% CI, 0.145-0.728; p = 0.006) were associated with pulmonary hemorrhage ≥2 cm. CONCLUSION: For subpleural lesions ≤2.0 cm in depth, a puncture route having a shorter needle path and passing through the lung parenchyma with higher attenuation may reduce the risk of biopsy-associated pneumothorax ≥1 cm. A higher needle-pleura angle may reduce the risk of pulmonary hemorrhage ≥2 cm in the short axis.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares , Pneumotórax , Biópsia por Agulha/efeitos adversos , Hemorragia/etiologia , Humanos , Biópsia Guiada por Imagem/efeitos adversos , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Pulmão/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Pneumotórax/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
16.
Technol Cancer Res Treat ; 21: 15330338221085357, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35297696

RESUMO

Purpose: To compare the diagnostic accuracy and safety of computed tomography (CT)-guided core needle biopsy (CNB) between pulmonary ground-glass and solid nodules using propensity score matching (PSM) method and determine the relevant risk factors. Methods: This was a single-center retrospective cohort study using data from 665 patients who underwent CT-guided CNB of pulmonary nodules in our hospital between May 2019 and May 2021, including 39 ground-glass nodules (GGNs) and 626 solid nodules. We used a 1:4 PSM analysis to compared the diagnostic yields and complications rates of CT-guided CNB between 2 groups. Results: After PSM, 170 cases involved in the comparison (34 GGNs vs 136 solid nodules) were randomly matched (1:4) by patient demographics, clinical history, lesion characteristics, and procedure-related factors. There was no statistically significant difference in the diagnostic yields and complications rates between 2 groups. Significant pneumothorax incidence increase was noted at small lesion size, deep lesion location, and traversing interlobar fissure (P < .05). Post-biopsy hemorrhage was a protective factor for pneumothorax (P < .05). The size/proportion of consolidation of GGN did not influence the diagnostic accuracy and complication incidence (P > .05). Conclusions: The accuracy and safety of CT-guided CNB were comparable for ground-glass and solid nodules and the size/proportion of consolidation of GGN may be not a relevant risk factor. The biopsy should avoid traversing interlobar fissure as far as possible. Smaller lesion size and deeper lesion location may lead to higher pneumothorax rate and post-biopsy hemorrhage may be a protective factor for pneumothorax.


Assuntos
Biópsia Guiada por Imagem , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Nódulos Pulmonares Múltiplos , Biópsia com Agulha de Grande Calibre/métodos , Hemorragia/etiologia , Humanos , Biópsia Guiada por Imagem/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico , Nódulos Pulmonares Múltiplos/diagnóstico por imagem , Pneumotórax , Pontuação de Propensão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
17.
Br J Radiol ; 95(1134): 20211397, 2022 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35343784

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the differential diagnosis of bone lesions causing hip pain in children and the association between radiographic features of aggression and MRI appearances with final diagnosis. METHODS: Retrospective review of children with hip pain referred to a specialist musculoskeletal oncology service between September 2018 and December 2020. Patient demographics, lesion location, the radiographic and MRI features, and the final diagnosis, which was made either by image-guided biopsy, surgical curettage or based on typical imaging features were recorded. Statistical analysis examined the association between the Lodwick-Madewell score (determined from available radiographs) and MRI findings with final diagnosis. RESULTS: Fifty-nine patients were included, 40 males and 19 females with mean age 10.9 years, (range 3-16 years). Final diagnoses were based on histology in 24 (40.7%) cases and imaging in 35 (59.3%) cases. Eighteen lesions (30.5%) were classed as non-neoplastic, 31 (52.5%) as benign and 10 (16.9%) as malignant, of which four were primary bone sarcomas. There was a significant association between the Lodwick-Madewell score and final diagnosis (p < 0.001). On MRI, bone marrow oedema, presence of a focal lesion, bone expansion and the presence of an extraosseous mass were all significantly associated with final diagnostic classification. CONCLUSION: The differential diagnosis of hip pain in children presenting to a bone tumour service is wide. Most cases are due to benign or non-neoplastic conditions, with only 10 out of 59 children having a malignant lesion. Radiography complemented by MRI plays a major role in differentiating non-neoplastic, benign neoplastic and malignant lesions and in determining the requirement for needle biopsy. ADVANCES IN KNOWLEDGE: This is the first study to consider how imaging features relate to diagnosis in suspected paediatric hip tumours. Use of this information can help in determining which cases should undergo needle biopsy.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas , Adolescente , Artralgia/diagnóstico por imagem , Artralgia/etiologia , Neoplasias Ósseas/complicações , Neoplasias Ósseas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Ósseas/patologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Humanos , Biópsia Guiada por Imagem , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Masculino , Dor/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
18.
Urol Oncol ; 40(5): 191.e15-191.e20, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35307289

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To examine the ability of machine learning methods to predict upgrading of Gleason score on confirmatory magnetic resonance imaging-guided targeted biopsy (MRI-TB) of the prostate in candidates for active surveillance. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Our database included 592 patients who received prostate multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging in the evaluation for active surveillance. Upgrading to significant prostate cancer on MRI-TB was defined as upgrading to G 3+4 (definition 1 - DF1) and 4+3 (DF2). Machine learning classifiers were applied on both classification problems DF1 and DF2. RESULTS: Univariate analysis showed that older age and the number of positive cores on pre-MRI-TB were positively correlated with upgrading by DF1 (P-value ≤ 0.05). Upgrading by DF2 was positively correlated with age and the number of positive cores and negatively correlated with body mass index. For upgrading prediction, the AdaBoost model was highly predictive of upgrading by DF1 (AUC 0.952), while for prediction of upgrading by DF2, the Random Forest model had a lower but excellent prediction performance (AUC 0.947). CONCLUSION: We show that machine learning has the potential to be integrated in future diagnostic assessments for patients eligible for AS. Training our models on larger multi-institutional databases is needed to confirm our results and improve the accuracy of these models' prediction.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Próstata , Conduta Expectante , Biópsia , Humanos , Biópsia Guiada por Imagem/métodos , Aprendizado de Máquina , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Masculino , Gradação de Tumores , Neoplasias da Próstata/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
19.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 60(5): 504-508, 2022 May 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35359093

RESUMO

Prostate biopsy is the gold standard for the diagnosis of prostate cancer. In order to successfully and effectively complete the biopsy, clinicians should not only select the correct puncture method, but also pay attention to the pain control of patients undergoing puncture. It is necessary to select a reasonable anesthetic method for biopsy. The pain during biopsy comes from the skin, muscle and other structures in the puncture approach, and also comes from the prostate capsule. Therefore, the anesthesia emphasis of transperineal and transrectal biopsy approaches will also be different. The use of appropriate anesthesia is of great significance to improve the patient's cooperation and ensure the success rate of biopsy. With the continuous maturity of the technology and concept of prostate biopsy, a single anesthesia method has been unable to meet the actual anesthetic needs of biopsy, and the use of multi-site and multi-phase combined anesthesia for different sources of pain has become the mainstream anesthetic option.


Assuntos
Anestesia , Neoplasias da Próstata , Anestesia Local , Biópsia , Humanos , Biópsia Guiada por Imagem/métodos , Masculino , Dor/patologia , Próstata/patologia , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia
20.
Tech Vasc Interv Radiol ; 25(1): 100800, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35248324

RESUMO

Image guided percutaneous biopsy has become the initial procedure of choice in most cases for obtaining bone samples for histological and microbiological assessment. It is a minimally invasive procedure which offers multiple advantages over open surgical biopsy including maintenance of bone structure, minimal soft tissue injury, reduced need of general anesthesia, reduced hospital stay and a low rate of post-procedure complications. In some cases, it can be combined with therapeutic procedures such as cementoplasty and cryoablation via the same access route. For the radiologist, knowledge of the key principles is essential for a safe and effective procedure, particularly when a sarcoma of bone is in the differential diagnosis. In this article we cover the core concepts of percutaneous bone biopsy including indications and contraindications, essential planning steps, appropriate imaging modalities, equipment selection, common approaches, technique as well as avoiding, recognizing and treating complications. Recent technological advancements in this field are also discussed.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas , Criocirurgia , Neoplasias de Tecidos Moles , Biópsia , Neoplasias Ósseas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Ósseas/cirurgia , Criocirurgia/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Biópsia Guiada por Imagem/efeitos adversos , Biópsia Guiada por Imagem/métodos , Radiologistas , Neoplasias de Tecidos Moles/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias de Tecidos Moles/cirurgia
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