Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 19.876
Filtrar
1.
World J Microbiol Biotechnol ; 39(3): 83, 2023 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36658257

RESUMO

This study highlights the development of a lab-scale, indigenously designed; Packed-Bed Biofilm Reactor (PBBR) packed with brick pieces. The developed biofilm in the reactor was used for the decolourisation and biodegradation of the textile industry effluent. The PBBR was continuously operated for 264 days, during which 301 cycles of batch and continuous treatment were operated. In batch mode under optimised conditions, more than 99% dye decolourisation and ≥ 92% COD reduction were achieved in 6 h of contact time upon supplementation of effluent with 0.25 g L-1 glucose, 0.25 g L-1 urea, and 0.1 g L-1 phosphates. A decolourisation rate of 133.94 ADMI units h-1 was achieved in the process. PBBR, when operated in continuous mode, showed ≥ 95% and ≥ 92% reduction in ADMI and COD values. Subsequent aeration and passage through the charcoal reactor assisted in achieving a ≥ 96% reduction in COD and ADMI values. An overall increase of 81% in dye-laden effluent decolourisation rate, from 62 to 262 mg L-1 h-1, was observed upon increasing the flow rate from 18 to 210 mL h-1. Dye biodegradation was determined by UV-Vis and FTIR spectroscopy and toxicity study. SEM analysis showed the morphology of the attached-growth biofilm.


Assuntos
Corantes , Indústria Têxtil , Corantes/metabolismo , Compostos Azo/metabolismo , Reatores Biológicos/microbiologia , Bactérias/genética , Bactérias/metabolismo , Biodegradação Ambiental , Biofilmes , Resíduos Industriais
2.
Molecules ; 28(2)2023 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36677704

RESUMO

Olive mill wastewater (OMWW) represents a by-product but also a source of biologically active compounds, and their recycling is a relevant strategy to recover income and to reduce environmental impact. The objective of the present study was to obtain a new functional beverage with a health-promoting effect starting from OMWW. Fresh OMWW were pre-treated through filtration and/or microfiltration and subjected to fermentation using strains belonging to Lactiplantibacillus plantarum, Candida boidinii and Wickerhamomyces anomalus. During fermentation, phenolic content and hydroxytyrosol were monitored. Moreover, the biological assay of microfiltered fermented OMWW was detected versus tumor cell lines and as anti-inflammatory activity. The results showed that in microfiltered OMWW, fermentation was successfully conducted, with the lowest pH values reached after 21 days. In addition, in all fermented samples, an increase in phenol and organic acid contents was detected. Particularly, in samples fermented with L. plantarum and C. boidinii in single and combined cultures, the concentration of hydroxytyrosol reached values of 925.6, 902.5 and 903.5 mg/L, respectively. Moreover, biological assays highlighted that fermentation determines an increase in the antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activity of OMWW. Lastly, an increment in the active permeability on Caco-2 cell line was also revealed. In conclusion, results of the present study confirmed that the process applied here represents an effective strategy to achieve a new functional beverage.


Assuntos
Olea , Humanos , Olea/química , Células CACO-2 , Fenóis/análise , Meio Ambiente , Resíduos Industriais/análise , Azeite de Oliva
3.
Molecules ; 28(2)2023 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36677733

RESUMO

Apple pomace (AP) from the food industry is a mixture of different fractions containing bioactive polyphenolic compounds. This study provides a systematic approach toward the recovery and evaluation of the physiochemical and biological properties of polyphenolic compounds from AP. We studied subcritical water extraction (SCW) and solvent extraction with ethanol from four different AP fractions of pulp, peel, seed, core, and stem (A), peel (B), seed and core (C), and pulp and peel (D). The subcritical water method at the optimum condition resulted in total polyphenolic compounds (TPC) of 39.08 ± 1.10 mg GAE per g of AP on a dry basis compared to the ethanol extraction with TPC content of 10.78 ± 0.94 mg GAE/g db. Phloridzin, chlorogenic acid, and quercetin were the main identified polyphenolics in the AP fractions using HPLC. DPPH radical scavenging activity of fraction B and subcritical water (SW) extracts showed comparable activity to ascorbic acid while all ethanolic extracts were cytocompatible toward human fibroblast (3T3-L1) and salivary gland acinar cells (NS-SV-AC). Our results indicated that AP is a rich source of polyphenolics with the potential for biomedical applications.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes , Malus , Humanos , Antioxidantes/química , Malus/química , Resíduos Industriais/análise , Polifenóis/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/química , Etanol/química , Água , Indústria Alimentícia
4.
Molecules ; 28(1)2023 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36615534

RESUMO

Billions of tons of agro-industrial residues are produced worldwide. This is associated with the risk of pollution as well as management and economic problems. Simultaneously, non-edible portions of many crops are rich in bioactive compounds with valuable properties. For this reason, developing various methods for utilizing agro-industrial residues as a source of high-value by-products is very important. The main objective of the paper is a review of the newest studies on biologically active compounds included in non-edible parts of crops with the highest amount of waste generated annually in the world. The review also provides the newest data on the chemical and biological properties, as well as the potential application of phytochemicals from such waste. The review shows that, in 2020, there were above 6 billion tonnes of residues only from the most popular crops. The greatest amount is generated during sugar, oil, and flour production. All described residues contain valuable phytochemicals that exhibit antioxidant, antimicrobial and very often anti-cancer activity. Many studies show interesting applications, mainly in pharmaceuticals and food production, but also in agriculture and wastewater remediation, as well as metal and steel industries.


Assuntos
Alimentos , Resíduos Industriais , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/química , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Compostos Fitoquímicos/química , Agricultura
5.
Molecules ; 28(1)2023 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36615647

RESUMO

Mango by-products are important sources of bioactive compounds generated by agro-industrial process. During mango processing, 35-60% of the fruit is discarded, in many cases without treatment, generating environmental problems and economic losses. These wastes are constituted by peels and seeds (tegument and kernel). The aim of this review was to describe the extraction, identification, and quantification of bioactive compounds, as well as their potential applications, published in the last ten years. The main bioactive compounds in mango by-products are polyphenols and carotenoids, among others. Polyphenols are known for their high antioxidant and antimicrobial activities. Carotenoids show provitamin A and antioxidant activity. Among the mango by-products, the kernel has been studied more than tegument and peels because of the proportion and composition. The kernel represents 45-85% of the seed. The main bioactive components reported for the kernel are gallic, caffeic, cinnamic, tannic, and chlorogenic acids; methyl and ethyl gallates; mangiferin, rutin, hesperidin, and gallotannins; and penta-O-galloyl-glucoside and rhamnetin-3-[6-2-butenoil-hexoside]. Meanwhile, gallic acid, ferulic acid, and catechin are reported for mango peel. Although most of the reports are at the laboratory level, they include potential applications in the fields of food, active packaging, oil and fat, and pharmaceutics. At the market level, two trends will stimulate the industrial production of bioactive compounds from mango by-products: the increasing demand for industrialized fruit products (that will increase the by-products) and the increase in the consumption of bioactive ingredients.


Assuntos
Resíduos Industriais , Mangifera , Resíduos Industriais/análise , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Frutas/química , Polifenóis , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Carotenoides
6.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e245585, 2023. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1339413

RESUMO

Abstract Many soil microorganisms' i.e., bacteria and fungi produce secondary metabolites called antibiotics. These are used for the treatment of some of the bacterial, fungal and protozoal diseases of humans. There is a need for isolation of a broad spectrum of antibiotics from microorganisms due to the emergence of antibiotic resistance. In the present study two antibiotic producing bacteria Klebsiella pneumoniae and Bacillus cereus were isolated from pharmaceutical and poultry feed industry of Hattar, Haripur Pakistan. Total 10 waste samples were collected from different industries (Marble, Ghee, Soap, Mineral, Steel, Poultry Feed, Pharmaceutical, Qarshi, Cosmetic and Glass). Thirty-three bacterial strains were isolated from industrial wastes of these ten different industries. Fourteen out of thirty-three bacterial strains exhibited antimicrobial activities against at least one of the test microbes considered in this study including Escherchia coli, Staphylococcus aureus and Salmonella typhi. The bacteria were isolated by standard serial dilution spread plate technique. Morphological characterization of the isolates was done by Gram staining. Nine bacterial isolates out of fourteen were initially identified as B. cereus and five as K. pneumoniae through biochemical characterization. The antibacterial activities were tested by well diffusion method. Maximum number of antibiotic producing bacteria were isolated from pharmaceutical and poultry feed industry based on the results of primary screening, the most potential isolates S9, S19, S20, S22 and S23 were selected for secondary screening. The maximum activity against E. coli and S. aureus was recorded by bacterial isolate S19 i.e zones of inhibition of 6.5mm and 9mm while S20 showed 7.5mm and 6mm zones respectively. Molecular identification was carried out on the basis of 16S rRNA sequence analysis. Finally, the isolates were identified as B. cereus accession number LC538271and K. pneumoniae accession number MT078679. Analysis of bacterial extract S20 through GC-MS indicated the presence of 8 compounds of diverse nature and structure. Present study suggests that wastes of pharmaceutical and poultry feed industry may have antibiotic producing bacteria. These bacteria could be utilized for the production of antibiotics. B. cereus and K. pneumoniae isolated from wastes of poultry feed and pharmaceutical industries have the potential to produce antibiotics and could be used to control the microbial growth.


Resumo Muitos microrganismos do solo, ou seja, bactérias e fungos produzem metabólitos secundários chamados antibióticos. Eles são usados ​​para tratamento de algumas doenças bacterianas, fúngicas e protozoárias em humanos. Há necessidade de isolamento de um amplo espectro de antibióticos de microrganismos devido ao surgimento de resistência aos antibióticos. No presente estudo, duas bactérias produtoras de antibióticos, Klebsiella pneumoniae e Bacillus cereus, foram isoladas da indústria farmacêutica e de ração avícola de Hattar, Haripur, Paquistão. Um total de 10 amostras de resíduos foi coletado de diferentes indústrias (mármore, ghee, sabão, mineral, aço, ração para aves, farmacêutica, Qarshi, cosmética e vidro). Trinta e três cepas bacterianas foram isoladas de resíduos industriais dessas dez diferentes indústrias. Quatorze das 33 cepas bacterianas exibiram atividades antimicrobianas contra pelo menos um dos micróbios de teste considerados neste estudo, incluindo Escherchia coli, Staphylococcus aureus e Salmonella typhi. As bactérias foram isoladas pela técnica de placa de diluição em série padrão. A caracterização morfológica dos isolados foi feita por coloração de gram. Nove isolados bacterianos de 14 foram inicialmente identificados como B. cereus e cinco como K. pneumoniae por meio de caracterização bioquímica. As atividades antibacterianas foram testadas pelo método de difusão em poço. O número máximo de bactérias produtoras de antibióticos foi isolado da indústria farmacêutica e de ração avícola com base nos resultados da triagem primária, os isolados mais potenciais S9, S19, S20, S22 e S23 foram selecionados para a triagem secundária. A atividade máxima contra E. coli e S. aureus foi registrada pelo isolado bacteriano S19, ou seja, zonas de inibição de 6,5 mm e 9 mm, enquanto S20 mostrou zonas de 7,5 mm e 6 mm, respectivamente. A identificação molecular foi realizada com base na análise da sequência 16S rRNA. Finalmente, os isolados foram identificados como B. cereus número de acesso LC538271 e K. pneumoniae número de acesso MT078679. A análise do extrato bacteriano S20 por meio de GC-MS indicou a presença de oito compostos de natureza e estrutura diversas. O presente estudo sugere que resíduos da indústria farmacêutica e de ração para aves podem conter bactérias produtoras de antibióticos. Essas bactérias podem ser utilizadas para a produção de antibióticos B. cereus e K. pneumoniae isolados de resíduos de rações de aves e indústrias farmacêuticas têm potencial para produzir antibióticos e podem ser usados ​​para controlar o crescimento microbiano.


Assuntos
Humanos , Staphylococcus aureus , Resíduos Industriais , RNA Ribossômico 16S , Extratos Vegetais , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Escherichia coli , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas , Antibacterianos/farmacologia
7.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e242536, 2023. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1339356

RESUMO

Abstract Chromium (VI) a highly toxic metal, a major constituent of industrial waste. It is continuously release in soil and water, causes environmental and health related issues, which is increasing public concern in developing countries like Pakistan. The basic aim of this study was isolation and screening of chromium resistant bacteria from industrial waste collected from Korangi and Lyari, Karachi (24˚52ʹ46.0ʺN 66˚59ʹ25.7ʺE and 24˚48ʹ37.5ʺN 67˚06ʹ52.6ʺE). Among total of 53 isolated strains, seven bacterial strains were selected through selective enrichment and identified on the basis of morphological and biochemical characteristics. These strains were designated as S11, S13, S17, S18, S30, S35 and S48, resistance was determined against varying concentrations of chromium (100-1500 mg/l). Two bacterial strains S35 and S48 showed maximum resistance to chromium (1600 mg/l). Bacterial strains S35 and S48 were identified through 16S rRNA sequence and showed 99% similarity to Bacillus paranthracis and Bacillus paramycoides. Furthermore, growth condition including temperature and pH were optimized for both bacterial strains, showed maximum growth at temperature 30ºC and at optimum pH 7.5 and 6.5 respectively. It is concluded that indigenous bacterial strains isolated from metal contaminated industrial effluent use their innate ability to transform toxic heavy metals to less or nontoxic form and can offer an effective tool for monitoring heavy metal contamination in the environment.


Resumo O cromo (VI), metal altamente tóxico, é um dos principais constituintes dos resíduos industriais. É liberado no solo e na água, causa problemas ambientais e de saúde de crescente preocupação pública em países em desenvolvimento como o Paquistão. O objetivo básico deste estudo foi o isolamento e a triagem de bactérias resistentes ao cromo de resíduos industriais coletados em Korangi e Lyari, Karachi (24˚52'46,0"N 66˚59'25,7"E e 24˚48'37,5"N 67˚06'52,6"E). Do total de 53 cepas isoladas, sete cepas bacterianas foram selecionadas por enriquecimento seletivo e identificadas com base em características morfológicas e bioquímicas. Essas cepas foram designadas como S11, S13, S17, S18, S30, S35 e S48, apresentaram alta resistência aos metais contra concentrações variáveis (100-1500 mg / l) de cromo. Já as cepas S35 e S48 foram identificadas por meio da sequência 16S rRNA e apresentaram 99% de similaridade com Bacillus paranthracis e Bacillus paramycoides. Além disso, as condições de crescimento incluindo temperatura e pH foram otimizadas e ambas as cepas bacterianas apresentaram crescimento máximo na temperatura de 30 ºC, enquanto seu pH ótimo foi observado em 7,5 e 6,5, respectivamente. Conclui-se que o potencial de resistência dessas bactérias resistentes ao cromo pode ser efetivamente utilizado na remoção de cromo de efluentes industriais contaminados. Técnicas de base biológica usando bactérias ajudarão a fornecer métodos mais baratos e ecológicos de remoção, recuperação e desintoxicação de cromo.


Assuntos
Cromo , Metais Pesados , Bacillus , Bactérias/genética , Biodegradação Ambiental , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Resíduos Industriais/análise
8.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e246389, 2023. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1285638

RESUMO

Abstract Poultry industry is expanding rapidly and producing million tons of feather waste annually. Massive production of keratinaceous byproducts in the form of industrial wastes throughout the world necessitates its justified utilization. Chemical treatment of keratin waste is proclaimed as an eco-destructive approach by various researchers since it generates secondary pollutants. Keratinase released by a variety of microbes (bacteria and fungi) can be used for the effective treatment of keratin waste. Microbial degradation of keratin waste is an emerging and eco-friendly approach and offers dual benefits, i.e., treatment of recalcitrant pollutant (keratin) and procurement of a commercially important enzyme (keratinase). This study involves the isolation, characterization, and potential utility of fungal species for the degradation of chicken-feather waste through submerged and solid-state fermentation. The isolated fungus was identified and characterized as Aspergillus (A.) flavus. In a trial of 30 days, it was appeared that 74 and 8% feather weight was reduced through sub-merged and solid-state fermentation, respectively by A. flavus. The pH of the growth media in submerged fermentation was changed from 4.8 to 8.35. The exploited application of keratinolytic microbes is, therefore, recommended for the treatment of keratinaceous wastes to achieve dual benefits of remediation.


Resumo A indústria avícola está se expandindo rapidamente e produzindo milhões de toneladas de resíduos de penas anualmente. A produção massiva de subprodutos queratinosos na forma de resíduos agrícolas e industriais em todo o mundo exige sua utilização justificada. O tratamento químico de resíduos de queratina é proclamado como uma abordagem ecodestrutiva por vários pesquisadores, uma vez que gera poluentes secundários. A queratinase liberada por uma variedade de micróbios (bactérias e fungos) pode ser usada para o tratamento eficaz de resíduos de queratina. A degradação microbiana de resíduos de queratina é uma abordagem emergente e ecológica e oferece benefícios duplos, ou seja, tratamento de poluente recalcitrante (queratina) e obtenção de uma enzima comercialmente importante (queratinase). Este estudo envolve o isolamento, caracterização e utilidade potencial de espécies de fungos para a degradação de resíduos de penas de frango por meio da fermentação submersa e em estado sólido. O fungo isolado foi identificado e caracterizado como Aspergillus (A.) flavus. Em um ensaio de 30 dias, constatou-se que 74% e 8% do peso das penas foram reduzidos por A. flavus, respectivamente, por meio da fermentação submersa e em estado sólido. O pH do meio de crescimento em fermentação submersa foi alterado de 4,8 para 8,35. A aplicação explorada de micróbios queratinolíticos é, portanto, recomendada para o tratamento de resíduos ceratinosos para obter benefícios duplos de remediação.


Assuntos
Animais , Galinhas , Plumas , Fermentação , Fungos , Resíduos Industriais , Queratinas/metabolismo
9.
J Environ Sci (China) ; 127: 349-360, 2023 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36522067

RESUMO

The by-product of wet flue gas desulfurization, desulfurized steel slag (DS), had chemical characteristics like natural gypsum that can be used to improve saline-sodic soil. However, contamination risk of heavy metals for cycling utilization of DS in agriculture was concerned mostly. Both pot and field experiments were conducted for evaluating the potential pollution risk of DS as the amendment of saline-sodic soil. Results showed that application of DS decreased the contents of Cd, Cu, Zn, and Pb, while significantly increasing chromium (Cr) content in DS-amended soils. The field experiment demonstrated that the migration of heavy metals (Cd, Zn, Cu, and Pb) in the soil profile was negligible. The application of DS at the dosage of 22.5-225 tons/ha significantly increased the Cr content in alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) but lower than the national standard for feed in China (GB 13078-2017). DS altered the chemical fraction of heavy metals (Zn, Cu, and Pb), transferred exchangeable, reducible into oxidizable and residual forms in DS-amended soil. Application of DS combined with fulvic acid (FA) could effectively reduce the movement of heavy metals in soil and the accumulation of Cr in alfalfa. Based on our results, DS was a safe and feasible material for agricultural use and presented relatively little pollution risk of heavy metals. However, the results also showed that DS to a certain extent had a potential environmental risk of Cr if larger dosages of DS were used.


Assuntos
Metais Pesados , Poluentes do Solo , Solo/química , Resíduos Sólidos , Poluentes do Solo/análise , Aço , Cádmio , Chumbo , Metais Pesados/análise , Monitoramento Ambiental , Resíduos Industriais/análise , China , Medição de Risco
10.
Waste Manag ; 156: 255-263, 2023 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36508909

RESUMO

A major industrial solid waste, iron tailings occupy a large area and pose long-term pollution risks. The pyrolysis gas of biomass was used as reducing agent to suspension magnetize and roast iron tailings to recover iron in this study. The process conditions, phase transformation and microstructure evolution of the iron tailings, pyrolysis gas production, and reaction regulations were investigated to explain the mechanism of iron recovery by suspension magnetization roasting (SMR) under the action of biomass pyrolysis gas. These studies were conducted using X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, vibrating sample magnetometer, thermo-gravimetric and differential scanning calorimetry, brunauer-emmett-teller specific surface area, and gas chromatography. The results showed that, after the grinding-magnetic separation process, the iron recovery rate was 93.32 %; the iron grade of the iron concentrate was 61.50 %. The optimal process conditions were determined as follows: fast pyrolysis temperature of 600 °C, SMR temperature of 700 °C, biomass dosage of 10 %, and SMR time of 4-5 min. The formation of Fe3O4 from the surface to the interior of the particles during the reduction process, and formation of pores and cracks led to an increase in the specific surface area. The SMR temperature not only improved the heat and mass transfer effect in the reduction process but also generated more CO and H2 through the reverse reaction of methanation, which work together to increase the saturation magnetisation of the unit sample. This method can be used to efficiently recover high quality iron from refractory iron ores.


Assuntos
Ferro , Pirólise , Biomassa , Ferro/química , Termogravimetria , Magnetismo , Resíduos Industriais/análise
11.
Sci Total Environ ; 858(Pt 3): 159985, 2023 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36368404

RESUMO

Black soldier fly larvae composting is an emerging treatment option with potential to improve biowaste valorization in cities of low-income countries. This study surveyed the current generation and management status of food industry biowaste and their availability and suitability as potential feedstock for black soldier fly larvae (BSFL) composting treatment in three Tanzania cities, Dar es Salaam, Mwanza, and Dodoma. Biowaste-generating food industry companies (n = 29) in the three cities were found to produce banana peels, mango seeds, sunflower press cake, brewery waste, and coffee husks in large quantities (~100,000-1,000,000 kg y-1). Around 50 % of these companies (16/29), primarily vegetable oil companies (10/11), either sold or gave away their waste as animal feed, while most companies (9/11) with unutilized food industry waste landfilled the generated biowaste. Multi-criteria analysis based on substrate availability criteria identified banana peels, mango seeds, and coffee husks with total score points of ≥10/12 as the most suitable feedstock for BSFL composting. However, multi-criteria analysis based on physical-chemical criteria identified brewery waste and sunflower press cake with total score points of ≥11/15 as the most suitable feedstock. Combined availability and physical-chemical properties of individual biowastes showed that all identified types of food industry biowaste can be suitable feedstock for producing BSFL biomass for protein production, but certain waste streams needed to be mixed with other waste streams prior to BSFL-composting to ensure sufficient availability and provide a balanced nutritional profile compared with the single-source biowastes. This study concluded that large volumes of food industry waste are being generated from food industry companies in Tanzania and there is need to establish new biowaste management interventions for resource recovery. Furthermore, for interested stakeholders in the waste management business, multi-stream BSFL-composting can be a suitable solution for managing and closing nutrient loops of the unutilized food industry biowaste in Tanzania and in other similar settings globally.


Assuntos
Dípteros , Resíduos Industriais , Animais , Larva , Tanzânia , Indústria Alimentícia
12.
J Environ Manage ; 329: 117076, 2023 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36563448

RESUMO

Significant quantities of soil are adversely impacted by organic contaminants, including per- and poly-fluoroalkyl substances (PFAS). One proven technology for remediating PFAS affected soils is excavation and heat-treatment which destroys the PFAS, but renders the soil as an industrial waste that is normally diverted to landfill. This study investigated alternative uses for heat-treated industrial waste (HIW) soils as components in concrete, as aggregate replacement and as partial substitution of cement binder. At a replacement rate of 100% fine aggregate and ≈15% coarse aggregate, concretes made with HIW soil exhibited a strength of 47.2-48.3 MPa after 28 days' curing, compared with a reference concrete of 49.7-53.1 MPa, making the HIW ideal for aggregate replacement. Overall, the study demonstrated a novel, holistic approach to (1) remediating PFAS-affected soils, (2) diverting contaminated soil away from landfill, (3) reducing the use of high quality quarried concrete aggregates and (4) producing normal-strength concretes with a lower embodied carbon footprint than existing approaches. This study reveals that in Australia, up to 93% of all contaminated soil currently sent to landfill annually could instead be used a resource for mid-strength concretes, suitable for many applications.


Assuntos
Fluorcarbonetos , Resíduos Industriais , Solo , Temperatura Alta , Materiais de Construção
13.
Waste Manag ; 157: 82-90, 2023 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36527778

RESUMO

The gasification fly ash (GFA), a bulk industrial solid waste from coal gasification process, urgently needs to be effectively disposed. In order to use the GFA as porous carbon materials, fluidized activation experiments of the GFA from an industrial circulating fluidized bed (CFB) gasifier were conducted in a bench-scale CFB test rig, as well as steam activation experiments of GFA in a vertical tube furnace and theoretical analysis on the activation process. Due to the ultrafine particle size, the GFA faces a fluidization problem and auxiliary particles are needed to stabilize its fluidization. In the fluidized activation, the pore structure of GFA particles becomes developed in a seconds-level time (about 1.5 s). The specific surface area (SBET) of activated GFA increases with temperature, maximally increasing by 48.9 % and reaching 204 m2/g. Steam activation experiments show that the GFA has an activation potential of 362 m2/g (SBET) and the pore structure evolution of GFA can be quantified by carbon conversion ratio. Based on this, the fluidized activation of GFA is found in the stage of pore development. By appropriately increasing the carbon conversion ratio (below 40 %), the fluidized activation effect of GFA is expected to be improved. Theoretical analysis indicates for the GFA the features of ultra-fine particle size and well-developed pore structure greatly enhance the diffusion rate of active component into the particles. Under the strong diffusion effect, increasing temperature is a critical means to realize the rapid and effective activation of GFA in a finite time.


Assuntos
Cinza de Carvão , Vapor , Carvão Mineral , Carbono/química , Temperatura , Resíduos Industriais
14.
Waste Manag ; 157: 269-278, 2023 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36580882

RESUMO

The problem of waste generation has grown because of the need to extract natural resources, obtain materials, and consume energy to meet current societal needs. Many studies have been conducted worldwide in favor of technological solutions for the valorization of industrial waste (IW) but few discussed relevant data for effective recovery. In this study, a case study of ceramic shell waste (CSW) was performed using, for the first time, a waste valorization system based on the classification, potentiality, quantity/viability, and applicability criteria (CPQvA) in a specific region (Brazil). CPQvA is a multicriteria decision-making system that acts as a guide to help managers and researchers connect the potential of IW with the feasibility of its application in a product or another process. Using the proposed systematic criteria, it was possible to demonstrate similarities and differences in waste applications. Thirteen possible products made from CSW were analyzed based on all the parameters of CPQvA. Ceramic filters and refractory aggregates were the most viable products. Creating public policies that encourage the use of waste as a raw material could make the precision casting industry process cleaner and the economy more circular.


Assuntos
Cerâmica , Gerenciamento de Resíduos , Resíduos Industriais , Política Pública , Brasil
15.
J Hazard Mater ; 423(Pt B): 127059, 2022 02 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34547690

RESUMO

The aim of this study is to develop a simple, economical and effective treatment scheme to treat effluents from small scale textile dyeing units and tanneries, which have been set up in rural areas. The physicochemical properties of real time effluents procured from these industries were analysed. The workflow required for treating these effluents were ascertained by preliminary tests carried out on synthetically created solutions. A novel treatment scheme for tannery and textile dye effluents sludge volume reduction by the use of sodium hypochlorite was identified. Effective methods for the safe disposal and recycling of all the by-products generated from different steps were discussed. The proposed scheme was successfully able to decolourize and detoxify both the tannery and textile dyeing effluent with over 90% removal of both COD and BOD. The impacts of the treatment scheme on 14 different effluent parameters were reported. The methodology developed in this study may be utilized to construct simple localized treatment units for handling effluents in isolated rural areas. This preliminary treatment at the source, will help in the reduction of the load on the local treatment plants and prevent their choking.


Assuntos
Poluentes Químicos da Água , Corantes , Resíduos Industriais/análise , Esgotos , Indústria Têxtil , Eliminação de Resíduos Líquidos , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
16.
World J Microbiol Biotechnol ; 39(1): 35, 2022 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36469179

RESUMO

Thiocyanate is a common pollutant in gold mine, textile, printing, dyeing, coking and other industries. Therefore, thiocyanate in industrial wastewater is an urgent problem to be solved. This paper reviews the chemical properties, applications, sources and toxicity of thiocyanate, as well as the various treatment methods for thiocyanate in wastewater and their advantages and disadvantages. It is emphasized that biological systems, ranging from laboratory to full-scale, are able to successfully remove thiocyanate from factories. Thiocyanate-degrading microorganisms degrade thiocyanate in autotrophic manner for energy, while other biodegrading microorganisms use thiocyanate as a carbon or nitrogen source, and the biochemical pathways and enzymes involved in thiocyanate metabolism by different bacteria are discussed in detail. In the future, degradation mechanisms should be investigated at the molecular level, with further research aiming to improve the biochemical understanding of thiocyanate metabolism and scaling up thiocyanate degradation technologies from the laboratory to a full-scale.


Assuntos
Tiocianatos , /química , Tiocianatos/metabolismo , Bactérias/metabolismo , Nitrogênio/metabolismo , Resíduos Industriais/análise , Eliminação de Resíduos Líquidos/métodos
17.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(23)2022 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36499577

RESUMO

In a circular economy era the transition towards renewable and sustainable materials is very urgent. The development of bio-based solutions, that can ensure technological circularity in many priority areas (e.g., agriculture, biotechnology, ecology, green industry, etc.), is very strategic. The agricultural and fishing industry wastes represent important feedstocks that require the development of sustainable and environmentally-friendly industrial processes to produce and recover biofuels, chemicals and bioactive molecules. In this context, the replacement, in industrial processes, of chemicals with enzyme-based catalysts assures great benefits to humans and the environment. In this review, we describe the potentiality of the plastid transformation technology as a sustainable and cheap platform for the production of recombinant industrial enzymes, summarize the current knowledge on the technology, and display examples of cellulolytic enzymes already produced. Further, we illustrate several types of bacterial auxiliary and chitinases/chitin deacetylases enzymes with high biotechnological value that could be manufactured by plastid transformation.


Assuntos
Biocombustíveis , Biotecnologia , Humanos , Plastídeos/química , Resíduos Industriais/análise , Agricultura
18.
Water Sci Technol ; 86(11): 2861-2877, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36515194

RESUMO

The herculean imprecation of nitrogen-based pollutant like ammoniacal nitrogen (AN) and chemical oxygen demand (COD) on aquatic milieu is now a concern for the dye, pharma and fertiliser industries. Wastewater from these is characterised with high concentration of AN, COD and total dissolved solids (TDS), treatment of which is of utmost importance for a cleaner environment. In the current research work, an attempt was made to apply integrated electro-coagulation (EC) - sonication process for the removal of COD and AN from highly acidic dye intermediate wastewater containing high to very high concentration of COD and AN. Systematic laboratory experiments were conducted for the treatment of dye intermediate wastewater and influences of pH (5-11), applied voltage (0.5-4V) and electrolysis time (30-120 min) were investigated. A Response Surface Methodology (RSM) was used for optimization of major operating parameters for EC. The conditions for minimum fraction remaining (C/C0), was found to be same for both COD and AN, i.e. pH 7, time 90 min and applied voltage 2V. The C/Co value for COD and AN were 0.244 and 0.302, respectively. The C/Co value of COD and AN in combined EC-Sonication process with optimum operating conditions were 0.145 and 0.228 respectively with sonication time 60 min at a frequency of 33 kHz. Thus, EC - sonication process is an efficacious process for their removal from dye industrial wastewater.


Assuntos
Poluentes Ambientais , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Eliminação de Resíduos Líquidos/métodos , Nitrogênio , Carbono , Eletrocoagulação/métodos , Resíduos Industriais/análise , Eletrodos
19.
Curr Microbiol ; 79(12): 397, 2022 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36352237

RESUMO

A bacterial strain was isolated from the waste slurry of an industrial effluent treatment plant near Patancheru, Hyderabad, India, and designated as PI-S10-B5AT. It was an obligately anaerobic, spore-forming, rod-shaped, motile bacterium that stained Gram-positive. The strain revealed high 16S rRNA gene sequence identity with Hungatella xylanolytica DSM 3808T (99.4%) followed by members of the genus Lacrimispora (98.8-93.3%). However, the average nucleotide identity (ANI) and digital DNA-DNA hybridization of genome sequence exhibited similarity in the range of 94.3-68.7% and 57.4-18.8%, respectively, with all closely related strains. A multi-gene phylogenetic analysis of strain PI-S10-B5AT was performed to investigate the taxonomic affiliation, which revealed formation of a coherent cluster with the members of the genus Lacrimispora. The DNA G + C content was 41.8 mol%. Major polar lipids were glyco- and phospholipids. The fatty acids analysis showed C16:0 to be the major fatty acid. The predominant respiratory quinone was menaquinone-7 (MK-7). Based on phenotypic, chemotaxonomic, and whole-genome phylogenetic analysis, strain PI-S10-B5AT is assigned as a novel species of the genus Lacrimispora, for which the name Lacrimispora defluvii is proposed. The type strain of the novel species is PI-S10-B5AT (= MTCC 12280T; = DSM 24980T) isolated from waste slurry of effluent treatment plant. The genomic analysis of type strains of C. indicum PI-S10-A1BT and H. xylanolytica DSM 3808T showed ANI and AAI values consistent with members of the genus Lacrimispora. Therefore, these strains are ascertained to the genus Lacrimispora and reclassified as Lacrimispora indica and Lacrimispora xylanolytica comb. nov.


Assuntos
Clostridium , Resíduos Industriais , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Filogenia , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Bactérias Anaeróbias/genética , Fosfolipídeos/análise , Ácidos Graxos/análise
20.
Molecules ; 27(21)2022 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36363996

RESUMO

Phosphorus and heavy metals are washed off and transported with stormwater runoff to nearby surface water bodies resulting in environmental and human health risks. Catch basins remain one of the primary gateways through which stormwater runoff and pollutants from urban areas are transported. Retrofitting catch basins to enhance their phosphorus and heavy metal removal can be an effective approach. In this study, aluminum-based water treatment residual (WTR, a non-hazardous byproduct of the water treatment process) was granulated via a green method to serve as a sustainable filter material, called WTR granules, for enhancing the capabilities of catch basins to remove phosphorus and heavy metals. The WTR granules were field tested in a parking lot in Hoboken, New Jersey. Twelve storm events were monitored. The results showed that the WTR granules significantly (p < 0.05) reduced dissolved P, Cu, and Zn, as well as total P, Cu, Pb, and Zn concentrations in stormwater runoff without signs of disintegration. No flooding or water ponding was observed during the implementation. Results suggest the WTR granules are an inexpensive, green filter material that can be used for retrofitting catch basins to remove phosphorus and heavy metals effectively.


Assuntos
Metais Pesados , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Humanos , Fósforo , Resíduos Industriais , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Chuva , Metais Pesados/análise
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...