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South Med J ; 116(3): 305-311, 2023 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36863053


OBJECTIVES: Most trainees do not receive information about postdischarge outcomes, despite the importance of external feedback for accurate self-assessment and improvement in discharge planning skills. We aimed to design an intervention to foster reflection and self-assessment by trainees regarding how they can improve transitions of care with minimal investment of program resources. METHODS: We developed a low-resource session delivered near the end of an internal medicine inpatient rotation. Faculty, medical students, and internal medicine residents reviewed and reacted to postdischarge outcomes of their patients, explored understanding of the reasons for these outcomes, and developed goals for future practice. The intervention required minimal resources given that it was conducted during scheduled teaching time, did not require additional staff, and used already available data. Forty internal medicine resident and medical student participants completed pre- and postintervention surveys that evaluated their understanding of causes for poor patient outcomes, sense of responsibility for postdischarge outcomes, degree of self-reflection, and goals for future practice. RESULTS: Trainee understanding of the causes for poor patient outcomes was significantly different in several areas after completing the session. Trainees were less likely to believe that their responsibility for patients ends at the time of discharge, indicating an increase in sense of responsibility for postdischarge outcomes. After the session, 52.6% of trainees planned to change their approach to discharge planning, and 57.1% of attending physicians planned to change their approach to discharge planning with trainees. Through free-text responses, trainees noted that the intervention facilitated reflection and discussion about discharge planning and led to the development of goals to adopt specific behaviors for future practice. CONCLUSIONS: Meaningful information about postdischarge outcomes from the electronic health record can be used to provide feedback to trainees in a brief, low-resource session during an inpatient rotation. This feedback significantly affects trainee sense of responsibility for and understanding of postdischarge outcomes, which may lead to improved trainee ability to orchestrate transitions of care.

Assistência ao Convalescente , Registros Eletrônicos de Saúde , Humanos , Retroalimentação , Alta do Paciente , Medicina Interna
Appl Clin Inform ; 14(1): 172-184, 2023 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36858112


BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 (coronavirus disease 2019) pandemic rapidly expanded telemedicine scale and scope. As telemedicine becomes routine, understanding how specialty and diagnosis combine with demographics to impact telemedicine use will aid in addressing its current limitations. OBJECTIVES: To analyze the relationship between medical specialty, diagnosis, and telemedicine use, and their interplay with patient demographics in determining telemedicine usage patterns. METHODS: We extracted encounter and patient data of all adults who scheduled outpatient visits from June 1, 2020 to June 30, 2021 from the electronic health record of an integrated academic health system encompassing a broad range of subspecialties. Extracted variables included medical specialty, primary visit diagnosis, visit modality (video, audio, or in-person), and patient age, sex, self-reported race/ethnicity and 2013 rural-urban continuum code. Six specialties (General Surgery, Family Medicine, Gastroenterology, Oncology, General Internal Medicine, and Psychiatry) ranging from the lowest to the highest quartile of telemedicine use (video and audio) were chosen for analysis. Relative proportions of video, audio, and in-person modalities were compared. We examined diagnoses associated with the most and least frequent telemedicine use within each specialty. Finally, we analyzed associations between patient characteristics and telemedicine modality (video vs. audio/in-person, and video/audio vs. in-person) using a mixed-effects logistic regression model. RESULTS: A total of 2,494,296 encounters occurred during the study period, representing 420,876 unique patients (mean age: 44 years, standard deviation: 24 years, 54% female). Medical diagnoses requiring physical examination or minor procedures were more likely to be conducted in-person. Rural patients were more likely than urban patients to use video telemedicine in General Surgery and Gastroenterology and less likely to use video for all other specialties. Within most specialties, male patients and patients of nonwhite race were overall less likely to use video modality and video/audio telemedicine. In Psychiatry, members of several demographic groups used video telemedicine more commonly than expected, while in other specialties, members of these groups tended to use less telemedicine overall. CONCLUSION: Medical diagnoses requiring physical examination or minor procedures are more likely to be conducted in-person. Patient characteristics (age, sex, rural vs. urban, race/ethnicity) affect video and video/audio telemedicine use differently depending on medical specialty. These factors contribute to a unique clinical scenario which impacts perceived usefulness and accessibility of telemedicine to providers and patients, and are likely to impact rates of telemedicine adoption.

COVID-19 , Gastroenterologia , Telemedicina , Adulto , Humanos , Feminino , Masculino , Medicina Interna , Registros Eletrônicos de Saúde
Postgrad Med J ; 99(1167): 11-16, 2023 Mar 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36947422


PURPOSE: To describe gender differences in experienced types of bullying, and resulting personal consequences, among internal medicine (IM) residents. METHODS: Participants in this cross-sectional study included 21 212 IM trainees who completed a voluntary survey with their 2016 in-training exam that assessed bullying during residency training. The 2875 (13.6% of) trainees who reported experiencing bullying on a screening question were asked for additional details about types of bullying experienced and resulting personal consequences. RESULTS: Female and male trainees experienced bullying at similar rates (47% versus 53%, P = .08). Gender differences were seen in both the type of bullying experienced and the resulting personal consequences. Female trainees were more likely than their male counterparts to report bullying characterized as verbal (83% versus 77%, P < .001) and sexual (5% versus 2%, P < .001), whereas male trainees were more likely to experience physical (6% versus 4%, P = .03) and "other" bullying types (27% versus 22%, P < .001). Female trainees were more likely to report negative personal consequences than male trainees, and the most common resultant sequela reported was feeling burned out (63% versus 51%, P < .001). CONCLUSION: Gender differences exist in both the types and consequences of bullying experienced among this national sample of IM residents. These results should be considered by programs and institutions that are hoping to optimize the culture of their workplace and enhance safety in the learning environment.

Bullying , Internato e Residência , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Fatores Sexuais , Estudos Transversais , Inquéritos e Questionários , Medicina Interna/educação
Rev. clín. esp. (Ed. impr.) ; 223(3): 125-133, mar. 2023.
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-217176


Objetivos Analizar la estructura, la actividad y los resultados de los servicios y unidades de medicina interna (UMI) del Sistema Nacional de Salud (SNS). Analizar los retos para la especialidad y realizar propuestas de políticas de mejora. Comparar los resultados de la encuesta RECALMIN 2021 con las anteriores oleadas de encuestas a las UMI (2008, 2015, 2017, 2019). Material y métodos Estudio descriptivo transversal entre las UMI en hospitales generales de agudos del SNS con datos referidos a 2020, comparándolos con los anteriores estudios. Las variables de estudio fueron recogidas mediante un cuestionario ad hoc. Resultados Entre 2014 y 2020 aumentó la frecuentación hospitalaria y las altas dadas por las UMI (promedio anual de 4 y 3,8%, respectivamente), así como las tasas interconsultas hospitalarias y primeras consultas (promedio anual: 2,1% en ambos casos). En 2020 aumentaron notablemente las consultas no presenciales. La mortalidad ajustada por riesgo y la estancia hospitalaria no mostraron cambios significativos en 2013-2020. Los progresos en la implantación de buenas prácticas y de una atención sistemática al paciente crónico complejo fueron escasos. Una constante en las encuestas RECALMIN es la variabilidad entre UMI en recursos y actividad, sin encontrarse diferencias estadísticamente significativas en relación con los resultados. Conclusiones Existe un notable margen de mejora en el funcionamiento de las UMI. La reducción de la variabilidad no justificada en la práctica clínica y las desigualdades en los resultados en salud deben ser un reto para los responsables de las UMI y para la Sociedad Española de Medicina Interna (AU)

Aims This work aims to analyze the structure, activity, and outcomes of internal medicine units and departments (IMU) of the Spanish National Health System (SNHS) and to analyze the challenges for the specialty and propose policies for improvement. It also aims to compare the results from the 2021 RECALMIN survey with IMU surveys from previous years (2008, 2015, 2017, 2019). Methods This work is a cross-sectional, descriptive study of IMUs in acute care general hospitals of the SNHS that compares data from 2020 with previous studies. The study variables were collected through an ad hoc questionnaire. Results Between 2014 and 2020, hospital occupancy and discharges by IMU increased (annual mean of 4% and 3.8%, respectively), as did hospital cross-consultation and initial consultation rates (2.1% in both cases). E-consultations increased notably in 2020. Risk-adjusted mortality and length of hospital stay did not show significant changes from 2013-2020. Progress in the implementation of good practices and systematic care for complex chronic patients was limited. A consistent finding in RECALMIN surveys was the variability among IMUs in terms of resources and activity, though no statistically significant differences were found in regard to outcomes. Conclusions There is considerable room for improvement in the operation of IMUs. The reduction in unjustified variability in clinical practice and inequities in health outcomes are a challenge for IMU managers and the Spanish Society of Internal Medicine (AU)

Humanos , Hospitais Gerais/estatística & dados numéricos , Sistemas Nacionais de Saúde , Medicina Interna , Estudos Transversais , Inquéritos e Questionários , Espanha
Acta Biomed ; 94(1): e2023063, 2023 02 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36786245
BMC Med Educ ; 23(1): 84, 2023 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36732763


BACKGROUND: Morning report is a core educational activity in internal medicine resident education. Attending physicians regularly participate in morning report and influence the learning environment, though no previous study has described the contribution of attending physicians to this conference. This study aims to describe attending comments at internal medicine morning reports. METHODS: We conducted a prospective, observational study of morning reports conducted at 13 internal medicine residency programs between September 1, 2020, and March 30, 2021. Each attending comment was described including its duration, whether the comment was teaching or non-teaching, teaching topic, and field of practice of the commenter. We also recorded morning report-related variables including number of learners, report format, program director participation, and whether report was scripted (facilitator has advance knowledge of the case). A regression model was developed to describe variables associated with the number of attending comments per report. RESULTS: There were 2,344 attending comments during 250 conferences. The median number of attendings present was 3 (IQR, 2-5). The number of comments per report ranged across different sites from 3.9 to 16.8 with a mean of 9.4 comments/report (SD, 7.4). 66% of comments were shorter than one minute in duration and 73% were categorized as teaching by observers. The most common subjects of teaching comments were differential diagnosis, management, and testing. Report duration, number of general internists, unscripted reports, and in-person format were associated with significantly increased number of attending comments. CONCLUSIONS: Attending comments in morning report were generally brief, focused on clinical teaching, and covered a wide range of topics. There were substantial differences between programs in terms of the number of comments and their duration which likely affects the local learning environment. Morning report stakeholders that are interested in increasing attending involvement in morning report should consider employing in-person and unscripted reports. Additional studies are needed to explore best practice models of attending participation in morning report.

Internato e Residência , Visitas com Preceptor , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Competência Clínica , Medicina Interna/educação
PLoS One ; 18(2): e0281078, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36848354


INTRODUCTION: The use of massage therapy has received increased attention in the treatment of chronic pain. However, barriers can hinder its use in nursing care. This study uses a qualitative methodology to explore professionals' experiences regarding touch massage (TM) and identify barriers and facilitators for the implementation of this intervention. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study is part of a larger research program aimed at investigating the impact of TM on the experiences of patients with chronic pain hospitalized in two units of an internal medicine rehabilitation ward. Health care professionals (HCPs) were trained either to provide TM or to use of a massage-machine device according to their units. At the end of the trial, two focus groups were conducted with HCPs from each unit who took part in the training and agreed to discuss their experience: 10 caregivers from the TM group and 6 from the machine group. The focus group discussions were tape-recorded, transcribed and analyzed using thematic content analysis. RESULTS: Five themes emerged from thematic content analysis: perceived impact on patients, HCPs' affective and cognitive experiences, patient-professionals relationships, organizational tensions, and conceptual tensions. Overall, the HCPs reported better general outcomes with TM than with the machine. They described positive effects on patients, HCPs, and their relationships. Regarding interventions' implementation, the HCPs reported organizational barriers such as patients' case complexity, work overload, and lack of time. Conceptual barriers such as ambivalence around the legitimacy of TM in nursing care were reported. TM was often described as a pleasure care that was considered a complementary approach and was overlooked despite its perceived benefits. CONCLUSION: Despite the perceived benefits of TM reported by the HCPs, ambivalence arose around the legitimacy of this intervention. This result emphasizes the importance of changing HCPs' attitudes regarding a given intervention to facilitate its implementation.

Dor Crônica , Cuidados de Enfermagem , Humanos , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Massagem , Medicina Interna
CMAJ Open ; 11(1): E201-E207, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36854457


BACKGROUND: Identifying potentially avoidable admissions to Canadian hospitals is an important health system goal. With general internal medicine (GIM) accounting for 40% of hospital admissions, we sought to develop a method to identify potentially avoidable admissions and characterize patient, provider and health system factors. METHODS: We conducted an observational study of GIM admissions at our institution from August 2019 to February 2020. We defined potentially avoidable admissions as admissions that could be managed in an appropriate and safe manner in the emergency department or ambulatory setting and asked staff physicians to screen admissions daily and flag candidates as potentially avoidable admissions. For each candidate, we prepared a case review and debriefed with members of the admitting team. We then reviewed each candidate with our research team, assigned an avoidability score (1 [low] to 4 [high]) and identified contributing factors for those with scores of 3 or more. RESULTS: We screened 601 total admissions and staff physicians flagged 117 (19.5%) of these as candidate potential avoidable admissions. Consensus review identified 67 candidates as potentially avoidable admissions (11.1%, 95% confidence interval 8.8%-13.9%); these patients were younger (mean age 65 yr v. 72 yr), had fewer comorbidities (Canadian Institute for Health Information Case Mix Group+ 0.42 v. 1.14), had lower resource-intensity weighting scores (0.72 v. 1.50) and shorter hospital lengths of stay (29 h v. 105 h) (p < 0.01). Common factors included diagnostic and therapeutic uncertainty, perceived need for short-term monitoring, government directive of a 4-hour limit for admission decision-making and subspecialist request to admit. INTERPRETATION: Our prospective method of screening, flagging and case review showed that 1 in 9 GIM admissions were potentially avoidable. Other institutions could consider adapting this methodology to ascertain their rate of potentially avoidable admissions and to understand contributing factors to inform improvement endeavours.

Hospitalização , Hospitais de Ensino , Humanos , Idoso , Canadá/epidemiologia , Academias e Institutos , Medicina Interna
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36740270


BACKGROUND: Internal medicine (IM) doctors in Japan play the role of primary care physicians; however, the shortage of rural physicians continues. This study aims to elucidate the association of age, sex, board certification, type of work, and main clinical work with the retention or migration of IM doctors to rural areas. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included 82,363 IM doctors in 2010, extracted from the national census data of medical doctors. The explanatory variables were age, sex, type of work, primary clinical work, and changes in board certification status. The outcome was retention or migration to rural areas. The first tertile of population density (PD) of municipalities defined as rural area. After stratifying the baseline ruralities as rural or non-rural areas, the odds ratios (ORs) of the explanatory variables were calculated using generalized estimation equations. The analyses were also performed after age stratification (<39, 40-59, ≥60 years old). RESULTS: Among the rural areas, women had a significantly higher OR for retention, but obtaining board certification of IM subspecialties had a significantly lower OR. Among the non-rural areas, physicians who answered that their main work was IM without specific subspecialty and general had a significantly higher OR, but obtaining and maintaining board certification for IM subspecialties had a significantly lower OR for migration to rural areas. After age stratification, the higher OR of women for rural retention was significant only among those aged 40-59 years. Those aged under 40 and 40-59 years in the non-rural areas, who answered that their main work was IM without specific subspecialty had a significantly higher OR for migration to rural areas, and those aged 40-59 years in the rural areas who answered the same had a higher OR for rural retention. CONCLUSIONS: Obtaining and maintaining board certification of IM subspecialties are possible inhibiting factors for rural work, and IM doctors whose main work involves subspecialties tend to work in non-rural areas. Once rural work begins, more middle-aged female IM doctors continued rural work compared to male doctors.

População do Leste Asiático , Médicos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Certificação , Medicina Interna
Rev Med Suisse ; 19(812): 177-180, 2023 Feb 01.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36723642


According to PubMed statistics when writing this review, the year 2022 is expected to mark the first dip in the number of articles published in relation to the Covid-19 pandemic. This review, without any mention to Sars-CoV-2, highlight this transition and addresses many topics in internal medicine: gastroenterology, cardiology, endocrinology, respiratory medicine, infectious diseases and venous access. Each year, the chief residents of the internal medicine ward in Lausanne university hospital (CHUV) in Switzerland meet up to share their readings: here is a selection of ten articles that have caught our attention, summarized and commented for you, which should change our daily practice.

D'après les statistiques PubMed au moment de la rédaction de cette revue, l'année 2022 devrait marquer le premier infléchissement du nombre d'articles publiés en relation avec la pandémie de Covid-19. Cette revue d'articles, sans écho au Sars-CoV-2, souligne cette transition et aborde de nombreux sujets de la médecine interne : gastroentérologie, cardiologie, endocrinologie, pneumologie, infectiologie et accès veineux. Chaque année, les cheffes et chefs de clinique du Service de médecine interne du CHUV se réunissent pour partager leurs lectures : voici une sélection de dix articles ayant retenu notre attention, revus et commentés pour vous, et qui devraient faire évoluer notre pratique quotidienne.

COVID-19 , Pandemias , Publicações , Humanos , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Hospitais Universitários , Medicina Interna , Suíça , PubMed , Publicações/estatística & dados numéricos
Rev Med Suisse ; 19(812): 172-176, 2023 Feb 01.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36723641


Hospital based internal medicine has been strongly solicited for over two years with the SARS-CoV-2 epidemic. This epidemic continues to evolve and represents a strain for public health. Numerous studies have addressed issues concerning this epidemic, and multiple novelties concerning other frequent pathologies have also been published. Management strategies of cardiovascular, pulmonary, gastro-intestinal and metabolic diseases are discussed.

La médecine interne hospitalière a été fortement sollicitée depuis 2 ans avec l'épidémie de SARS-CoV-2. Celle-ci continue d'évoluer et reste une épreuve pour la santé publique. Une pléthore d'études a tenté de résoudre les multiples défis que représente cette épidémie, mais de multiples nouveautés concernant d'autres pathologies fréquentes sont également apparues. La prise en charge des maladies cardiovasculaires, pulmonaires, gastro-intestinales et métaboliques est évoquée.

COVID-19 , Epidemias , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Hospitais , Medicina Interna
Rev Med Suisse ; 19(812): 167-171, 2023 Feb 01.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36723640


In patients aged 65 or older, the risk of dementia decreases with cataract surgery. Mental stress doubles the risk of a cardiac event in patients with stable coronary artery disease. The one-legged stance performance estimates total mortality in patients 50 years or older. Patients with chronic pain benefit from treatment with dronabinol or nabiximols. Salt substitutes are an alternative to regular salt in hypertensive patients aged 60 years or more. The promotion of physical activity in the office is effective in reducing sedentary behavior. Music has a favorable impact on the mental dimensions of quality of life. Colonoscopies performed on patients aged 75 years or more have a higher risk of non-gastrointestinal complications than gastrointestinal complications.

Chez les patients de 65 ans ou plus, le risque de démence diminue après une chirurgie de la cataracte. Le stress mental double le risque d'événements cardiaques chez des patients avec une coronaropathie stable. La station monopodale effectuée au cabinet permet d'estimer la mortalité totale chez les patients de 50 ans ou plus. Ceux souffrant de douleurs chroniques bénéficient d'un traitement par dronabinol ou nabiximols. Les substituts de sel sont une alternative au sel ordinaire chez les hypertendus de 60 ans ou plus. La promotion de l'activité physique au cabinet est efficace dans la diminution de la sédentarité. La musique a un impact favorable sur les dimensions mentales de la qualité de vie. Les coloscopies effectuées chez les patients de 75 ans ou plus présentent un risque supérieur de complications non gastro-intestinales comparativement à celles gastro-intestinales.

Dor Crônica , Hipertensão , Humanos , Qualidade de Vida , Exercício Físico , Medicina Interna
MedEdPORTAL ; 19: 11298, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36760336


Introduction: Studies show that physicians and medical trainees who identify as underrepresented in medicine or as women experience higher rates of microaggressions during patient encounters. We designed, implemented, and evaluated an active bystander training workshop focused on mitigating microaggressions using standardized patient (SP) methodology. Methods: Internal medicine faculty members and chief residents led the workshop. Participants included 31 PGY 1 categorical and preliminary internal medicine residents. They participated in three case simulations with SPs involving microaggressions from patients toward a member of the health care team. Prior to the case simulations, a brief presentation outlined examples of microaggressions and reviewed the behavioral response framework WAKE (work with who you are, ask questions/make direct statements, involve key people, and employ distraction techniques). After each encounter, residents debriefed with an internal medicine faculty member and discussed questions related to each scenario. Results: All 31 residents participated in the workshop and, before and after the activity, completed a survey that asked them to rank their agreement with statements via a Likert scale. Participants reported statistically significant improvement in recognizing microaggressions (12% reported increase, p = .002), the ability to respond to patients who exhibit microaggressions (23% reported increase, p < .001), and the ability to debrief with team members (20% reported increase, p < .001). Discussion: SP simulations can be an effective teaching modality for microaggression response strategies during patient encounters. Additional studies are needed to further characterize the workshop's effect on other medical workforce trainees and retention of skills over time.

Internato e Residência , Microagressão , Humanos , Feminino , Educação de Pós-Graduação em Medicina/métodos , Medicina Interna/educação , Docentes de Medicina
Rev Clin Esp (Barc) ; 223(3): 125-133, 2023 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36796632


AIMS: This work aims to analyze the structure, activity, and outcomes of internal medicine units and departments (IMU) of the Spanish National Health System (SNHS) and to analyze the challenges for the specialty and propose policies for improvement. It also aims to compare the results from the 2021 RECALMIN survey with IMU surveys from previous years (2008, 2015, 2017, 2019). METHODS: This work is a cross-sectional, descriptive study of IMUs in acute care general hospitals of the SNHS that compares data from 2020 with previous studies. The study variables were collected through an ad hoc questionnaire. RESULTS: Between 2014 and 2020, hospital occupancy and discharges by IMU increased (annual mean of 4% and 3.8%, respectively), as did hospital cross-consultation and initial consultation rates (2.1% in both cases). E-consultations increased notably in 2020. Risk-adjusted mortality and length of hospital stay did not show significant changes from 2013-2020. Progress in the implementation of good practices and systematic care for complex chronic patients was limited. A consistent finding in RECALMIN surveys was the variability among IMUs in terms of resources and activity, though no statistically significant differences were found in regard to outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: There is considerable room for improvement in the operation of IMUs. The reduction in unjustified variability in clinical practice and inequities in health outcomes are a challenge for IMU managers and the Spanish Society of Internal Medicine.

Hospitais , Medicina Interna , Humanos , Estudos Transversais , Tempo de Internação , Encaminhamento e Consulta
BMC Health Serv Res ; 23(1): 65, 2023 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2214582


BACKGROUND: Hospital physician workforce in Japan is the lowest among developed countries. Many patients with novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) with high risk of mortality could not be hospitalized during case surges in Japan and only about 5% of total acute care beds were used as COVID-19 beds nationwide. However, the relationship between the number of hospital physicians and patient admissions remains unclear. Thus, we aimed to evaluate this relationship in areas with the highest incidences during the surges. METHODS: Data collection was performed for teaching hospitals accredited with the specialty of internal medicine in three prefectures which experienced the highest COVID-19 incidences in Japan (Tokyo, Osaka, Okinawa). Association was examined between the number of full-time physicians (internal medicine staff physicians and residents) and admissions of internal medicine patients through ambulance transport from April 2020 to March 2021. Analysis was conducted separately for community hospitals and university hospitals because the latter have roles as research institutions in Japan. Community hospitals included private, public, and semi-public hospitals. RESULTS: Of 117 teaching hospitals in three prefectures, data from 108 teaching hospitals (83 community hospitals and 25 university hospitals) were available. A total of 102,400 internal medicine patients were admitted to these hospitals during the one-year period. Private hospitals received the greatest mean number of patient admissions (290 per 100 beds), followed by public hospitals (227) and semi-public hospitals (201), and university hospitals (94). Among community hospitals, a higher number of resident physicians per 100 beds was significantly associated with a greater number of patient admissions per 100 beds with beta coefficient of 11.6 (95% CI, 1.5 to 21.2, p = 0.025) admissions by one physician increase per 100 beds. There was no such association among university hospitals. CONCLUSIONS: Community hospitals with many resident physicians accepted more internal medicine admissions through ambulance transport during the COVID-19 pandemic. An effective policy to counter physician shortage in hospitals in Japan may be to increase internal medicine resident physicians among community hospitals to save more lives.

COVID-19 , Médicos , Humanos , Admissão do Paciente , Japão/epidemiologia , Pandemias , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Medicina Interna , Hospitais Universitários , Recursos Humanos