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1.
BMC Public Health ; 22(1): 1469, 2022 08 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35915413

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Migrant and refugee women have faced a myriad of challenges during COVID-19, which are often exacerbated by the interaction between this population's diverse identities and established systems in the local context. This qualitative study uses the lens of intersectionality to understand migrant and refugee women's experiences of gender-based violence and access to and quality of support services in Italy during the first year of COVID-19. METHODS: Data were gathered from 51 key informant interviews and eight focus group discussions of 31 participants. Key informants included service providers across sectors, including gender-based violence and anti-violence organizations, government and law, health, psychology, social work, and anti-trafficking administration. Focus group participants were migrant and refugee women aged 18-65 from the following countries of origin: Bangladesh, Cameroon, Colombia, El Salvador, Gambia, Ghana, Honduras, Libya, Nigeria, Pakistan, Peru, Senegal, and Syria. Interviews were audio-recorded, transcribed and coded using a collaborative process with partners from UNICEF. Transcripts were then evaluated for arising themes using three methods of intersectionality analysis. RESULTS: Data analysis revealed how COVID-19 converged with sexism, racism, and xenophobia in Italy, leading to increased public and domestic violence against refugee and migrant women. Another prominent theme was the exacerbated vulnerability for refugee and migrant women in precarious socioeconomic situations, which prompted many service providers to recognize and address gaps in service offerings and coordination around basic needs. However, due to resource constraints and bias, providers did not systematically incorporate inclusive language and cultural mediation into remote and online services, creating a heightened barrier to access for non-Italian women despite their complex needs. As such, refugee and migrant women highlighted community-based solidarity and support as protective factors during lockdown periods. CONCLUSION: Findings emphasize how overlapping dominant sociocultural and socioeconomic systems impacted refugee and migrant women's experiences of violence during COVID-19 in Italy, and how some support services were unprepared to respond to the complex needs of diverse, newcomer populations. We discuss how policymakers and practitioners might consider intersectionality in their preparedness and response planning for gender-based violence services during health emergencies moving forward.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Violência de Gênero , Refugiados , Migrantes , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis , Feminino , Humanos , Enquadramento Interseccional , Pandemias , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Refugiados/psicologia
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 101(30): e29698, 2022 Jul 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35905205

RESUMO

Globally, 298,000 women die due to pregnancy related causes and half of this occurs in Africa. In Uganda, maternal mortality has marginally reduced from 526 to 336 per 100,000 live births between 2001 and 2016. Health facility delivery is an important factor in improving maternal and neonatal outcomes. However, the concept of using a skilled birth attendant is not popular in Uganda. An earlier intervention to mobilize communities in the Masindi region for maternal and newborn health services discovered that immigrant populations used maternal health services less compared to the indigenous populations. The aim of this qualitative study was therefore to better understand why immigrant populations were using maternal health services less and what the barriers were in order to suggest interventions that can foster equitable access to maternal health services. Five focus group discussions (FGDs) (three among women; 2 with men), 8 in-depth interviews with women, and 7 key informant interviews with health workers were used to better understand the experiences of immigrants with maternal and newborn services. Interviews and FGDs were conducted from July to September 2016. Data were analyzed using content analysis and intersectionality. Results were based on the following thematic areas: perceived discrimination based on ethnicity as a barrier to access, income, education and gender. Immigrant populations perceived they were discriminated against because they could not communicate in the local dialect, they were poor casual laborers, and/or were not well schooled. Matters of pregnancy and childbearing were considered to be matters for women only, while financial and other decisions at the households are a monopoly of men. The silent endurance of labor pains was considered a heroic action. In contrast, care-seeking early during the onset of labor pains attracted ridicule and was considered frivolous. In this context, perceived discrimination, conflicting gender roles, and societal rewards for silent endurance of labor pains intersect to create a unique state of vulnerability, causing a barrier to access to maternal and newborn care among immigrant women. We recommend platforms to demystify harmful cultural norms and training of health workers on respectful treatment based on the 12 steps to safe and respectful mother baby-family care.


Assuntos
Emigrantes e Imigrantes , Saúde do Lactente , Etnicidade , Feminino , Grupos Focais , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Enquadramento Interseccional , Masculino , Gravidez , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Uganda
3.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 119(30): e2118525119, 2022 Jul 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35858404

RESUMO

In an environment that is high in racial justice saliency, how do identities inform motivation for supporting specific issues in the crowd? This study examines the role that intersectionality played in mobilizing participants to join the mass demonstrations sparked by the murder of George Floyd. Building on recent studies that show how protest participants connect issue-based concerns with their identities to boost support for movements, we analyze data collected through surveys with a random sample of activists participating in the protests after George Floyd's death in Washington, DC, in 2020. We find that intersectional motivations played a significant role in mobilizing protest participants. Analysis of these factors helps explain the diversity of the crowd and provides insights into how the movement may contribute to greater success for racial justice and the degree to which the movement has staying power.


Assuntos
Enquadramento Interseccional , Racismo , Justiça Social , Humanos , Motivação , Grupos Raciais , Inquéritos e Questionários
4.
J Public Health Dent ; 82 Suppl 1: 16-27, 2022 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35726462

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Research on racial oral health inequities has relied on individual-level data with the premise being that the unequal distribution of dental diseases is an intractable problem. We address these insufficiencies by examining the relationships between structural racism, structural sexism, state-level income inequality, and edentulism-related racial inequities according to a structural intersectionality approach. METHODS: Data were from two sources, the 2010 survey of the U.S. Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, and Patricia Homan et al.'s (2021) study on the health impacts from interlocking systems of oppression. While the first contains information on edentulism from a large probabilistic sample of older (65+) respondents, the second provides estimates of racism, sexism, and income inequality across the US states. Taking into account a range of individual characteristics and contextual factors in multilevel models, we determine the extent to which structural forms of marginalization underlie racial inequities in edentulism. RESULTS: Our analysis reveals that structural racism, structural sexism, and state-level income inequality are associated with the overall frequency of edentulism and the magnitude of edentulism-related racial inequities, both individually and intersectionally. Coupled with living in states with both high racism and sexism (but not income inequality), the odds of edentulism were 60% higher among non-Hispanic Blacks, relative to Whites residing where these structural oppressions were at their lowest. CONCLUSIONS: These findings provide evidence that racial oral health inequities cannot be disentangled from social forces that differentially allocate power and resources among population groups. Mitigating race-based inequities in oral health entails dismantling the multifaceted systems of oppression in the contemporary U.S. society.


Assuntos
Racismo , Humanos , Renda , Enquadramento Interseccional , Saúde Bucal , Sexismo , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
5.
J Public Health Dent ; 82 Suppl 1: 133-139, 2022 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35726467

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Hispanic population is the largest (18.5%) and fastest growing non-majority ethnic group in the United States (US), about half of whom are non-US born, and bears one of the highest oral disease burdens. Most current knowledge around oral health disparities in Hispanic populations examine the individual factors of culture, acculturation, and socioeconomic status. However, the root causes of this inequity; oral health literacy (OHL), social determinants of health (SDOH), structural racism and discrimination (SRD) and the intersectionality among the three, have not been well-studied. Addressing this critical gap will be central to advancing health equity and reducing oral health-related disparities in the Hispanic population, especially among immigrant and non-English speaking Hispanics. RESULTS: Recommendations for future OHL/SDOH/SRD-related research in oral health targeting Hispanic populations should include: (1) examining the direct and indirect effects of OHL/SDOH/SRD-related factors and intersectionality, (2) assessing the impact of SRD on oral health using zip-code level measures, (3) examining the role of OHL and SDOH as potential effect modifiers on the relationship between SRD and oral health outcomes, (4) conducting secondary data analysis to identify demographic, social and structural-level variables and correlations between and among variables to predict oral health outcomes, and (5) obtaining a deeper understanding of how OHL/SDOH and SRD factors are experienced among Hispanic immigrant and migrant populations. CONCLUSION: It is hoped these recommendations will lead to a better understanding of the mechanisms through which OHL, SDOH and SRD impact oral health outcomes among the largest minority population in the US so they can be addressed.


Assuntos
Emigrantes e Imigrantes , Racismo , Hispânico ou Latino , Humanos , Enquadramento Interseccional , Saúde Bucal , Determinantes Sociais da Saúde , Racismo Sistêmico , Estados Unidos
6.
BMJ Open ; 12(6): e056494, 2022 06 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35667712

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Several studies have shown that residents of urban informal settlements/slums are usually excluded and marginalised from formal social systems and structures of power leading to disproportionally worse health outcomes compared to other urban dwellers. To promote health equity for slum dwellers, requires an understanding of how their lived realities shape inequities especially for young children 0-4 years old (ie, under-fives) who tend to have a higher mortality compared with non-slum children. In these proposed studies, we aim to examine how key Social Determinants of Health (SDoH) factors at child and household levels combine to affect under-five health conditions, who live in slums in Bangladesh and Kenya through an intersectionality lens. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The protocol describes how we will analyse data from the Nairobi Cross-sectional Slum Survey (NCSS 2012) for Kenya and the Urban Health Survey (UHS 2013) for Bangladesh to explore how SDoH influence under-five health outcomes in slums within an intersectionality framework. The NCSS 2012 and UHS 2013 samples will consist of 2199 and 3173 under-fives, respectively. We will apply Multilevel Analysis of Individual Heterogeneity and Discriminatory Accuracy approach. Some of SDoH characteristics to be considered will include those of children, head of household, mothers and social structure characteristics of household. The primary outcomes will be whether a child had diarrhoea, cough, fever and acute respiratory infection (ARI) 2 weeks preceding surveys. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: The results will be disseminated in international peer-reviewed journals and presented in events organised by the Accountability and Responsiveness in Informal Settlements for Equity consortium and international conferences. Ethical approval was not required for these studies. Access to the NCSS 2012 has been given by Africa Population and Health Center and UHS 2013 is freely available.


Assuntos
Saúde da Criança , Determinantes Sociais da Saúde , Bangladesh , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Promoção da Saúde , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Enquadramento Interseccional , Quênia , Áreas de Pobreza , População Urbana
8.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 22(1): 830, 2022 Jun 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35761251

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The field of knowledge translation (KT) has been criticized for neglecting contextual and social considerations that influence health equity. Intersectionality, a concept introduced by Black feminist scholars, emphasizes how human experience is shaped by combinations of social factors (e.g., ethnicity, gender) embedded in systemic power structures. Its use has the potential to advance equity considerations in KT. Our objective was to develop and conduct usability testing of tools to support integrating intersectionality in KT through three key phases of KT: identifying the gap; assessing barriers to knowledge use; and selecting, tailoring, and implementing interventions. METHODS: We used an integrated KT approach and assembled an interdisciplinary development committee who drafted tools. We used a mixed methods approach for usability testing with KT intervention developers that included semi-structured interviews and the System Usability Scale (SUS). We calculated an average SUS score for each tool. We coded interview data using the framework method focusing on actionable feedback. The development committee used the feedback to revise tools, which were formatted by a graphic designer. RESULTS: Nine people working in Canada joined the development committee. They drafted an intersectionality primer and one tool that included recommendations, activities, reflection prompts, and resources for each of the three implementation phases. Thirty-one KT intervention developers from three countries participated in usability testing. They suggested the tools to be shorter, contain more visualizations, and use less jargon. Average SUS scores of the draft tools ranged between 60 and 78/100. The development committee revised and shortened all tools, and added two, one-page summary documents. The final toolkit included six documents. CONCLUSIONS: We developed and evaluated tools to help embed intersectionality considerations in KT. These tools go beyond recommending the use of intersectionality to providing practical guidance on how to do this. Future work should develop guidance for enhancing social justice in intersectionality-enhanced KT.


Assuntos
Ciência Translacional Biomédica , Design Centrado no Usuário , Humanos , Enquadramento Interseccional , Interface Usuário-Computador
11.
Sociol Health Illn ; 44(6): 953-971, 2022 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35500003

RESUMO

Previous research on coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccine hesitancy lacks a gender perspective, and it is unclear whether gender intersects with socioeconomic status to co-produce inequalities in people's intent to take vaccines. The current study draws on intersectionality theory and uses data from the 2021 US Household Pulse Survey (n = 50,359). Both bivariate and multivariate statistical analyses were conducted. The results suggest that American women had a higher vaccine hesitancy rate than men. Gender interacts with socioeconomic status to shape people's vaccine hesitancy in a complex way. Specifically, women living in poverty or currently working were more vaccine-hesitant, while poverty and employment status did not affect men's vaccine hesitancy. However, not having a college education contributed to both women's and men's COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy. Moreover, women were more worried about the safety of the vaccine, but men's hesitancy tended to be driven by lower perceptions of COVID-19 dangers and belief in conspiratorial claims.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Vacinas , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Vacinas contra COVID-19 , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Enquadramento Interseccional , Masculino , Pais , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde , Classe Social , Hesitação Vacinal
13.
Sociol Health Illn ; 44(6): 919-935, 2022 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35404486

RESUMO

Through an exploration of the origins of dietetics in the West, and specifically in Australia, we problematise the lack of diversity within the profession through the lens of intersectionality. Dietetics in Australia continues to be dominated by Australian-born women, and ideologies about dietitians perpetuate narratives of white, young, slim, women. Intersectional approaches to critiquing diversity in dietetics provides a useful framework to extend critical studies of health disparities into disparities in the dietetics professional workforce, which is advanced through structural, political and representational intersectionality guided critique. Through the analysis, a dialog is prompted in order to chart paths forward to find 'how differences will find expression' within the professional group. To do this, dietetics as a profession must reckon with its historical roots and step forward, out of a perceived position of objective neutrality regarding people and diversity, and into a position that can recognise that professional institutions have the power to exclude and marginalise, along with the power to include and transform.


Assuntos
Dietética , Nutricionistas , Austrália , Feminino , Humanos , Enquadramento Interseccional , Grupos Raciais
15.
Suicide Life Threat Behav ; 52(4): 668-682, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35258124

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Native American and multiracial youth experience elevated risk for suicide ideation (SI) and suicide attempts (SA); however, intersectional identities are often unexamined in suicide research. METHOD: We examined the prevalence of SI and SA, and the impact of intersectional identities (sex, sexual minority identity, and economic insecurity) on these rates, in 496 biracial Black-Native American, 2,804 Native American, 14,220 Black, 5,569 biracial Native American-White, 4,076 biracial Black-White, and 118,816 White youth who participated in the Minnesota Student Survey. RESULTS: Black-Native American youth reports of SI and SA resembled other Native American youth and were significantly higher than those reported by Black, White, and Black-White (SA only) youth. While sexual minority youth reported higher rates of SI and SA than heterosexual youth, this difference between sexual minority and heterosexual Black-Native American youth was smaller as compared to their peers. CONCLUSION: Though they largely resemble their mono/biracial Native American peers, Black-Native American youth show some distinct patterns of SA when accounting for their intersectional identities. Despite presumed similarities in systemic risk factors, Black and Black-Native American youth differ considerably in reported suicidality. The experiences of Black-Native American teens warrant further examination.


Assuntos
Enquadramento Interseccional , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Adolescente , Índios Norte-Americanos ou Nativos do Alasca , Heterossexualidade , Humanos , Ideação Suicida , Tentativa de Suicídio
16.
Rev. psicol. (Fortaleza, Online) ; 13(1): 139-153, 01/01/2022.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos | ID: biblio-1358000

RESUMO

Este artigo propõe contribuir com o debate existente sobre prevenção e estratégias de enfrentamento à violência de gênero contra as mulheres. O estudo buscou pesquisar como essa temática tem sido retratada nas produções acadêmicas brasileiras no campo da Psicologia, visando problematizar de que modo a interseção entre marcadores de raça, gênero e classe é abordada por autores(as) da área, e analisando as repercussões psicossociais da violência nas mulheres. Foi utilizado como método a revisão bibliográfica sobre o tema da violência doméstica em artigos científicos publicados especificamente da base de dados SciELO. Averiguou-se como resultado que o fenômeno da violência necessita de um amplo cuidado, aprimorando o apoio e suporte à mulher e à família acometida pelo contexto da violência, e que há grande necessidade de considerar as discussões e intervenções de modo interseccional. Como conclusão, foi possível compreender através dos estudos avaliados que existem fatores que interferem na produção e manutenção das opressões vivenciadas. Por fim, compreende-se a necessidade de a psicologia dialogar junto a outros campos de atuação, a fim de contribuir na construção de conhecimento a partir de problemas sociais, e de modo a incentivar o desenvolvimento de estudos de caráter preventivo e com estratégias mais efetivas.


This article proposes to contribute for the existing debate on prevention and strategies to avoid gender violence against women. The study sought to research how this theme has been portrayed in Brazilian Academic Productions at the field of psychology, aiming to problematize how the intersection between markers of race, gender and social classes are addressed by author's field, and analyzing the psychosocial repercussions of violence against women. A literature review on the topic of domestic violence in scientific articles published specifically from the SciELO database was used as a method. As a result, it was found that the phenomenon of violence needs ample care, improving support and supporting those women and families affected by the context of violence, and that there is a great need to consider the discussions and interventions in an intersectional way. In conclusion, it was possible to understand through the evaluated studies that there are factors that interfere in the production and maintenance of the experienced oppression. As conclusion it is understood the need for psychology to dialogue with other fields of action, in order to contribute to the construction of knowledge based on social problems, and in order to encourage the development of preventive studies with more effective strategies.


Assuntos
Psicologia , Violência contra a Mulher , Violência de Gênero , Enquadramento Interseccional
17.
Saúde Soc ; 31(1): e200460, 2022.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1352218

RESUMO

Resumo Este artigo busca contar as narrativas de jovens que nasceram com HIV apresentadas em rodas de conversa de um Grupo de Trabalho sobre Transmissão Vertical do HIV e Juventudes. Os temas abordados dizem respeito à empregabilidade e benefícios sociais, bem como analisam a perda de aposentadorias por Pessoas Vivendo com HIV/aids (PVHA) no período de 2016 a 2019. O método utilizado para esta pesquisa qualitativa é a autoetnografia de uma ativista travesti negra e intersexo, além da análise documental de atas, notícias, memórias de reuniões, anotações pessoais e legislações, tendo como escolha conceitual de análise a interseccionalidade.


Abstract This article presents the narratives of young people born with HIV told in chatting circles of a Working Group on Vertical Transmission of HIV and Youth. The themes relate to employability and social benefits, as well as the loss of retirement pensions by people living with HIV/AIDS (PLHA) from 2016 to 2019. Based on the concept of intersectionality, this qualitative research consists of the autoethnography of a Black intersex travesti activist and of a document analysis of minutes, news, meeting memories, personal notes, and legislations.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto , HIV , Direitos Civis , Emprego , Ativismo Político , Enquadramento Interseccional
18.
Psicol. soc. (Online) ; 34: e249960, 2022.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos | ID: biblio-1376078

RESUMO

Resumo O presente artigo tem como objetivo analisar aproximações conceituais entre teorias que trabalham com a perspectiva interseccional e as ideias de Deleuze e Guattari. Para tanto, iniciamos com reflexões acerca da origem da interseccionalidade como campo conceitual e empírico, através de contribuições estadunidenses, com Kimberlé Crenshaw, Patricia Hill Collins e Angela Davis, e latino-americanas e brasileiras, com Lelia Gonzalez, Gloria Anzaldúa, Sueli Carneiro e Carla Akotirene. Em seguida, apresentamos a perspectiva Esquizoanalítica, através de alguns conceitos fundamentais, como micropolítica, macropolítica, microfascismos. Buscamos analisar o campo conceitual-vivencial constituído pelas reflexões interseccionais à luz da análise micropolítica esquizoanalítica. Concluímos que os dois campos se encontram na análise das múltiplas intersecções que se atravessam incessantemente na expressão da vida, produzindo opressões e saídas.


Resumen Este artículo tiene como objetivo analizar enfoques conceptuales entre las teorías que trabajan con la perspectiva interseccional y las ideas de Deleuze y Guattari. Para ello, partimos de reflexiones sobre el origen de la interseccionalidad como campo conceptual y empírico, a través de aportes estadounidenses, con Kimberlé Crenshaw, Patricia Hill Collins y Angela Davis, y latinoamericanos y brasileños, con Lelia González, Gloria Anzaldúa, Sueli Carneiro y Carla Akotirene. A continuación, presentamos la perspectiva esquizoanalítica, a través de algunos conceptos fundamentales, como micropolítica, macropolítica, microfascismos. Buscamos analizar el campo conceptual-vivencial constituido por reflexiones interseccionales a la luz del análisis micropolítico esquizoanalítico. Concluimos que los dos campos se encuentran en el análisis de las múltiples intersecciones que se cruzan incesantemente en la expresión de la vida, produciendo opresiones y salidas.


Abstract This article aims to analyze conceptual approaches between theories that work with the intersectional perspective and the ideas of Deleuze and Guattari. To this end, we begin with reflections on the origin of intersectionality as a conceptual and empirical field, through American contributions, with Kimberlé Crenshaw, Patricia Hill Collins and Angela Davis, and Latin American and Brazilian, with Lelia Gonzalez, Gloria Anzaldúa, Sueli Carneiro and Carla Akotirene. Then, we present the Schizoanalytic perspective, through some fundamental concepts, such as micropolitics, macropolitics, microfascisms. We seek to analyze the conceptual-experiential field constituted by intersectional reflections in the light of schizoanalytic micropolitical analysis. We conclude that the two fields are found in the analysis of the multiple intersections that cross each other incessantly in the expression of life, producing oppressions and exits.


Assuntos
Política , Poder Psicológico , Vida , Iniquidade de Gênero , Enquadramento Interseccional , Vulnerabilidade Social
19.
Int J Aging Hum Dev ; 95(3): 267-285, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34931874

RESUMO

Guided by an intersectionality framework, this study examined intersectional discrimination attributions and their associations with health outcomes. Older respondents (aged ≥50) from the Health and Retirement Study in 2014-2015 were included (N = 6286). Their reasons for discrimination (age, gender, sexual orientation, race, national origin, religion, financial status, weight, physical appearance, disability, and others) were examined. Latent class analysis examined the subgroup profiles. Six classes were identified: class 1 (54.52% of the sample) had no/minimal discrimination; Class 2 (21.89%) experienced primarily ageism; class 3 (8.81%) reported discrimination based on age/gender/national origin/race; class 4 (7.99%) attributed discrimination to financial/other reasons; class 5 (5.87%) experienced discrimination based on age/weight/physical appearance/disability; and class 6 (0.92%) perceived high discrimination. Intersectional discrimination was associated with poorer self-rated health and higher depressive symptoms compared to the no/minimal discrimination group. Multiple marginalized identities co-occur and contribute to discrimination. An intersectional approach is recommended to understand discrimination in later life.


Assuntos
Etarismo , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Enquadramento Interseccional , Análise de Classes Latentes , Masculino , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Aposentadoria , Determinantes Sociais da Saúde , Percepção Social , Estados Unidos
20.
Estud. pesqui. psicol. (Impr.) ; 21(4): 1478-1499, dez. 2021.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos | ID: biblio-1359226

RESUMO

A análise interseccional dos marcadores de raça, classe, gênero tem sido uma importante ferramenta ética e metodológica para a compreensão das condições de opressão vividas pelas pessoas em situação de pobreza. Reconhece-se que esses marcadores podem gerar tanto opressões como processos de resistências que afetam seus modos de vida. Assim, o objetivo deste trabalho é analisar os impactos das intersecções do gênero, da raça, e da pobreza no modo de vida das mulheres de uma comunidade no Nordeste do Brasil. A proposta foi realizada a partir de uma perspectiva qualitativa, com entrevistas semi-estruturadas com sete mulheres pretas. Elas são moradoras de uma comunidade em situação de pobrezas em cidade com menos de 30 mil habitantes. Foi realizada análise de conteúdo do material produzido. Identificou-se que as estruturas macrossociais patriarcais, classistas e racistas exercem influência sobre os modos de vida destas mulheres. Como consequências, observou-se a existência de trajetórias de violências e de pobreza, fomentando processos específicos de opressão, por vezes reproduzidos pelas próprias mulheres. Contudo, é relevante pontuar que estas mulheres também têm produzido dissonâncias, permitindo experimentar resistências e novas formas de agenciamentos para a produção de novos modos de vida que desvelam possibilidade de enfrentamento destas mazelas sociais. (AU)


The intersectional analysis of markers of race, class and gender has been an important ethical and methodological tool for understanding the conditions of oppression experienced by people in poverty. It is recognized that these markers can generate both oppression and resistance processes that affect their lifestyle. Thus, the objective is to analyze the impacts of gender, race, and poverty intersections on the lifestyle of women in a community in the Northeast of Brazil. The proposal was carried out from a qualitative perspective with semi-structured interviews with seven black women. They are residents of a poor community with less than 30,000 inhabitants. Content analysis of the material produced was carried out. It was identified that patriarchal, classist and racist macro-social structures exert an influence on the lifestyle of these women. As a consequence, the existence of trajectories of violence and poverty was observed, fostering specific processes of oppression, sometimes also reproduced by women themselves. However, it is important to point out that these women have also produced dissonances, allowing them to experience resistance and new forms of agency to produce new lifestyle that reveal the possibility of confronting these social ailments. (AU)


El análisis interseccional de los marcadores de raza, classe y género ha sido un importante instrumento ético y metodológico para comprender las condiciones de opresión que experimentan las personas en situación de pobreza. Se reconoce que estos marcadores pueden generar tanto procesos de opresión como de resistencia que afectan a sus formas de vida. Así, el objetivo deste estudio es analizar los impactos de las intersecciones de género, raza y pobreza en el modo de vida de las mujeres de una comunidad del noreste de Brasil. La propuesta se llevó a cabo desde una perspectiva cualitativa con entrevistas semiestructuradas a siete mujeres no blancas, residentes de una comunidad pobre. Se realizó un análisis del contenido del material producido. Se identificó que las estructuras macrosociales patriarcales, clasistas y racistas ejercen una influencia en las formas de vida de estas mujeres. Como consecuencia, se observó la existencia de trayectorias de violencia y pobreza, que fomentaban procesos específicos de opresión, a veces también reproducidos por las propias mujeres. Sin embargo, es importante señalar que estas mujeres también han producido disonancias, lo que les ha permitido experimentar resistencia y nuevas formas de agencia para producir nuevas formas de vida que revelan la posibilidad de enfrentarse a estos males sociales. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Enquadramento Interseccional , Pobreza , Grupos Raciais , Identidade de Gênero
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