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Rev. biol. trop ; 66(3): 984-995, jul.-sep. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, SaludCR | ID: biblio-977360

RESUMO

Resumen Los intermareales rocosos son sitios importantes para peces, aves, invertebrados y algas entre otros, que se utilizan para la extracción de recursos alimenticios para las comunidades costeras. Se presentan los resultados de la evaluación de una costa rocosa en el Pacífico Central de Costa Rica (Refugio Nacional de Vida Silvestre Playa Hermosa-Punta Mala), usando indicadores biológicos propuestos por el protocolo del Ministerio de Ambiente y Energía. Se analizó la influencia de la vigilancia en dos sitios dentro de un AMP sobre el intermareal rocoso. La recolección de datos se realizó durante la época seca y la época lluviosa de 2015. Los datos mostraron que Nerita scabricosta presentó muchas colonias formadas por pocos individuos. La cobertura de macroalgas y los invertebrados bajo las rocas mostraron una leve diferencia entre los niveles de vigilancia. La densidad de Tetraclita stalactifera no mostró variaciones. Se sugiere la hipótesis que el daño mecánico asociado al turismo, pesca y extracción, está influyendo sobre los organismos de la zona rocosa. Algunos de los bioindicadores utilizados mostraron ser influenciados por los niveles de vigilancia y aplicación de las medidas de manejo.


Abstract Rocky intertidal are important sites for fish, birds, invertebrates and algae, among others, which are used for the extraction of food resources for coastal communities. We present the results of conservation assessment of a rocky shore in the Central Pacific of Costa Rica (Playa Hermosa-Punta Mala National Wildlife Refuge) using the biological indicators proposed by the National Environmental Ministry. This study aims to analyze the influence of surveillance, between two sites, over the rocky shore habitat. The sampling was carried out during both the dry and rainy seasons in 2015. Our data shows that Nerita scabricosta -harvested in small-scale fisheries- presents a high number of colonies formed by few individuals. Moreover, the abundance varied between seasons, probably due to a storm surge. Macroalgae differed slightly among sites, where turf had higher percentage coverage in low surveillance areas, while brown algae had higher coverage in high surveillance areas. Mechanical damage (abrasion due to rocks overturning) associated with tourism and harvesting could be influencing the low surveillance area, explaining these differences. Macroalgae presented a seasonal change, probably related to the storm surge. The density of the Tetraclita stalactifera did not exhibit variations. The surveillance level and enforcement influenced some bioindicators of the rocky shore, and therefore could be used to assess the extractive pressure. Rev. Biol. Trop. 66(3): 984-995. Epub 2018 September 01.


Assuntos
Alga Marinha/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Tartarugas/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Costa/políticas , Monitoramento Ambiental , Vigilância , Zona Controlada , Zona Entremarés , Biomarcadores Ambientais , Peixes/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Costa Rica , Jurisdição Marítima e Terrestre
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