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1.
Mol Med Rep ; 27(2)2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36633133

RESUMO

The lack of specific and accurate therapeutic targets poses a challenge in the treatment of cervical cancer (CC). Global proteomics has the potential to characterize the underlying and intricate molecular mechanisms that drive the identification of therapeutic candidates for CC in an unbiased manner. The present study assessed human papillomavirus (HPV)­induced proteomic alterations to identify key cancer hallmark pathways and protein­protein interaction (PPI) networks, which offered the opportunity to evaluate the possibility of using these for targeted therapy in CC. Comparative proteomic profiling of HPV­transfected (HPV16/18 E7), HPV­transformed (CaSki and HeLa) and normal human keratinocyte (HaCaT) cells was performed using the liquid chromatography­tandem mass spectrometry (LC­MS/MS) technique. Both label­free quantification and differential expression analysis were performed to assess differentially regulated proteins in HPV­transformed and ­transfected cells. The present study demonstrated that protein expression was upregulated in HPV­transfected cells compared with in HPV­transformed cells. This was probably due to the ectopic expression of E7 protein in the former cell type, in contrast to its constitutive expression in the latter cell type. Subsequent pathway visualization and network construction demonstrated that the upregulated proteins in HPV16/18 E7­transfected cells were predominantly associated with a diverse array of cancer hallmarks, including the mTORC1 signaling pathway, MYC targets V1, hypoxia and glycolysis. Among the various proteins present in the cancer hallmark enrichment pathways, phosphoglycerate kinase 1 (PGK1) was present across all pathways. Therefore, PGK1 may be considered as a potential biomarker. PPI analysis demonstrated a direct interaction between p130 and polyubiquitin B, which may lead to the degradation of p130 via the ubiquitin­proteasome proteolytic pathway. In summary, elucidation of the key signaling pathways in HPV16/18­transfected and ­transformed cells may aid in the design of novel therapeutic strategies for clinical application such as targeted therapy and immunotherapy against cervical cancer.


Assuntos
Proteínas Oncogênicas Virais , Infecções por Papillomavirus , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero , Feminino , Humanos , Proteínas Oncogênicas Virais/genética , Proteínas Oncogênicas Virais/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/metabolismo , Papillomavirus Humano 16/metabolismo , Infecções por Papillomavirus/complicações , Infecções por Papillomavirus/genética , Infecções por Papillomavirus/metabolismo , Proteômica , Cromatografia Líquida , Papillomavirus Humano 18 , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Proteínas E7 de Papillomavirus/genética , Proteínas E7 de Papillomavirus/metabolismo , Queratinócitos/metabolismo
2.
Commun Biol ; 6(1): 13, 2023 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36609486

RESUMO

Trehalose is the nonreducing disaccharide of glucose, evolutionarily conserved in invertebrates. The living skin equivalent (LSE) is an organotypic coculture containing keratinocytes cultivated on fibroblast-populated dermal substitutes. We demonstrated that human primary fibroblasts treated with highly concentrated trehalose promote significantly extensive spread of the epidermal layer of LSE without any deleterious effects. The RNA-seq analysis of trehalose-treated 2D and 3D fibroblasts at early time points revealed the involvement of the CDKN1A pathway, the knockdown of which significantly suppressed the upregulation of DPT, ANGPT2, VEGFA, EREG, and FGF2. The trehalose-treated fibroblasts were positive for senescence-associated ß-galactosidase. Finally, transplantation of the dermal substitute with trehalose-treated fibroblasts accelerated wound closure and increased capillary formation significantly in the experimental mouse wounds in vivo, which was canceled by the CDKN1A knockdown. These data indicate that high-concentration trehalose can induce the senescence-like state in fibroblasts via CDKN1A/p21, which may be therapeutically useful for optimal wound repair.


Assuntos
Pele , Trealose , Humanos , Animais , Camundongos , Trealose/farmacologia , Trealose/metabolismo , Pele/metabolismo , Queratinócitos/metabolismo , Cicatrização/fisiologia , Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Inibidor de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina p21/genética , Inibidor de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina p21/metabolismo
3.
Nat Commun ; 14(1): 276, 2023 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36650165

RESUMO

Ultraviolet A light is commonly emitted by UV-nail polish dryers with recent reports suggesting that long-term use may increase the risk for developing skin cancer. However, no experimental evaluation has been conducted to reveal the effect of radiation emitted by UV-nail polish dryers on mammalian cells. Here, we show that irradiation by a UV-nail polish dryer causes high levels of reactive oxygen species, consistent with 8-oxo-7,8-dihydroguanine damage and mitochondrial dysfunction. Analysis of somatic mutations reveals a dose-dependent increase of C:G>A:T substitutions in irradiated samples with mutagenic patterns similar to mutational signatures previously attributed to reactive oxygen species. In summary, this study demonstrates that radiation emitted by UV-nail polish dryers can both damage DNA and permanently engrave mutations on the genomes of primary mouse embryonic fibroblasts, human foreskin fibroblasts, and human epidermal keratinocytes.


Assuntos
Dano ao DNA , Fibroblastos , Raios Ultravioleta , Animais , Humanos , Camundongos , Queratinócitos/efeitos da radiação , Mamíferos , Mutação/efeitos da radiação , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Raios Ultravioleta/efeitos adversos , Unhas
4.
Molecules ; 28(2)2023 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36677644

RESUMO

Nowadays, the demand for rosemary essential oils (REOs) in the cosmetic, food, and pharmaceutical industries is increasing, and the abundant germplasm resources of rosemary provide more possibilities for functional applications. The REOs from six cultivars were selected to evaluate and compare their bioactivities. REOs have good cellular antioxidant activity in scavenging reactive oxygen species, and the technology for order preference by similarity to an ideal solution (TOPSIS)-random forest multivariate model indicated that 'Dutch Mill' REO has the best antioxidant activity, which is closely related to its verbenone content. In addition, α-pinene-dominant REOs are more toxic to human keratinocytes, which is closely related to the content of α-pinene, as revealed by multivariate analyses. Moreover, anti-proliferative assays on six cancer cell lines showed that all REOs have a higher anti-proliferative ability against human pancreatic cancer cell line SW1990 and gastric epithelial cell line NCI-N87. Among them, 'Miss Jessopp's Upright' and 'Blue Lagoon' REOs exhibit more prominent anti-proliferative activity. Our study provides a reference value for exploring the application potential of different REOs by evaluating their differences in chemical composition and bioactivity.


Assuntos
Óleos Voláteis , Rosmarinus , Humanos , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/química , Rosmarinus/química , Óleos Voláteis/farmacologia , Óleos Voláteis/química , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Queratinócitos
5.
Cell ; 186(1): 80-97.e26, 2023 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36608661

RESUMO

Glucose is a universal bioenergy source; however, its role in controlling protein interactions is unappreciated, as are its actions during differentiation-associated intracellular glucose elevation. Azido-glucose click chemistry identified glucose binding to a variety of RNA binding proteins (RBPs), including the DDX21 RNA helicase, which was found to be essential for epidermal differentiation. Glucose bound the ATP-binding domain of DDX21, altering protein conformation, inhibiting helicase activity, and dissociating DDX21 dimers. Glucose elevation during differentiation was associated with DDX21 re-localization from the nucleolus to the nucleoplasm where DDX21 assembled into larger protein complexes containing RNA splicing factors. DDX21 localized to specific SCUGSDGC motif in mRNA introns in a glucose-dependent manner and promoted the splicing of key pro-differentiation genes, including GRHL3, KLF4, OVOL1, and RBPJ. These findings uncover a biochemical mechanism of action for glucose in modulating the dimerization and function of an RNA helicase essential for tissue differentiation.


Assuntos
RNA Helicases DEAD-box , Glucose , Queratinócitos , Nucléolo Celular/metabolismo , Núcleo Celular/metabolismo , RNA Helicases DEAD-box/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Glucose/metabolismo , Queratinócitos/citologia , Queratinócitos/metabolismo , Humanos
6.
Allergol Immunopathol (Madr) ; 51(1): 30-36, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36617819

RESUMO

Psoriasis is a chronic multisystemic inflammatory disease with inflammatory cell infiltration, hyperproliferation of keratinocytes in skin lesions, and epidermal barrier dysfunction. Normal human epidermal keratinocytes (NHEKs) were stimulated with interleukin 17A (IL-17A). The expression levels of sirtuin-5 (SIRT5) were analyzed by RT-qPCR and western blot assay. The proliferation levels of NHEKs were assessed by EdU staining. The expression of ELOVL1 and ELOVL4 was analyzed by RT-Qpcr, and the expression levels of filaggrin, loricrin, and aquaporin-3 were analyzed by RT-qPCR and western blot. Extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2) activator t-butylhydroquinone was used to activate ERK1/2. Here, we show that SIRT5 overexpression reduces cell viability and cell proliferation, and improves barrier dysfunction in IL-17A-treated human epidermal keratinocytes, this effect of which is significantly blunted by the ERK1/2 activator. In epidermal keratinocytes, SIRT5 decreases cell proliferation and inflammation and improves barrier dysfunction via ERK/STAT3. This study reveals the role of SIRT5 in the pathogenesis of psoriasis, epidermal hyperplasia, keratinocyte-mediated inflammatory responses, and barrier dysfunction, the role of which is mediated by ERK/STAT3.


Assuntos
Interleucina-17 , Queratinócitos , Psoríase , Sirtuínas , Humanos , Epiderme/metabolismo , Epiderme/patologia , Inflamação/patologia , Interleucina-17/farmacologia , Queratinócitos/metabolismo , Queratinócitos/patologia , Psoríase/metabolismo , Psoríase/patologia , Sirtuínas/genética , Sirtuínas/metabolismo , Células Cultivadas
7.
Br J Dermatol ; 188(1): 75-83, 2023 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36689522

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Desmosomes are complex cell junction structures that connect intermediate filaments providing strong cell-to-cell adhesion in tissues exposed to mechanical stress. OBJECTIVES: To identify causal variants in individuals with woolly hair and skin fragility of unknown genetic cause. METHODS: This research was conducted using whole-genome sequencing, whole-exome sequencing, clinical phenotyping, haplotype analysis, single-cell RNA sequencing data analysis, immunofluorescence microscopy and transmission electron microscopy. RESULTS: We identified homozygous predicted loss-of-function tuftelin-1 (TUFT1) variants in nine individuals, from three families, with woolly hair and skin fragility. One donor splice-site variant, c.60+1G>A, was present in two families, while a frameshift variant, p.Gln189Asnfs*49, was found in the third family. Haplotype analysis showed the c.60+1G>A substitution to be a founder variant in the Irish population that likely arose approximately 20 generations ago. Human and mouse single-cell RNA sequencing data showed TUFT1 expression to be enriched in the hair dermal sheath and keratinocytes. TUFT1 expression was highly correlated with genes encoding desmosomal components implicated in diseases with phenotypes that overlap with the cohort presented here. Immunofluorescence showed tuftelin-1 to be mainly localized to the peripheral cell membranes of keratinocytes in normal skin. Skin samples from individuals with TUFT1 variants showed markedly reduced immunoreactivity for tuftelin-1, with a loss of the keratinocyte cell membrane labelling. Light microscopy revealed keratinocyte adhesion, mild hyperkeratosis and areas of superficial peeling. Transmission electron microscopy showed panepidermal acantholysis with widening of intercellular spaces throughout the epidermis and desmosomal detachment through the inner plaques. CONCLUSIONS: Biallelic loss-of-function TUFT1 variants cause a new autosomal recessive skin/hair disorder characterized by woolly hair texture and early-onset skin fragility. Tuftelin-1 has a role in desmosomal integrity and function.


Assuntos
Doenças do Cabelo , Anormalidades da Pele , Humanos , Camundongos , Animais , Doenças do Cabelo/genética , Pele , Queratinócitos/metabolismo , Cabelo
8.
Commun Biol ; 6(1): 88, 2023 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36690845

RESUMO

Transient receptor potential vanilloid 3 (TRPV3) belongs to the TRP ion channel super family and functions as a nonselective cation channel that is highly permeable to calcium. This channel is strongly expressed in skin keratinocytes and is involved in warmth sensation, itch, wound healing and secretion of several cytokines. Previous studies showed that anoctamin1 (ANO1), a calcium-activated chloride channel, was activated by calcium influx through TRPV1, TRPV4 or TRPA1 and that these channel interactions were important for TRP channel-mediated physiological functions. We found that ANO1 was expressed by normal human epidermal keratinocytes (NHEKs). We observed that ANO1 mediated currents upon TRPV3 activation of NHEKs and mouse skin keratinocytes. Using an in vitro wound-healing assay, we observed that either a TRPV3 blocker, an ANO1 blocker or low chloride medium inhibited cell migration and proliferation through p38 phosphorylation, leading to cell cycle arrest. These results indicated that chloride influx through ANO1 activity enhanced wound healing by keratinocytes.


Assuntos
Cálcio , Cloretos , Animais , Camundongos , Humanos , Cálcio/metabolismo , Cloretos/metabolismo , Canais Iônicos/metabolismo , Queratinócitos/metabolismo , Cicatrização , Canais de Cátion TRPV/metabolismo , Anoctamina-1/metabolismo , Proteínas de Neoplasias/metabolismo
9.
Molecules ; 28(1)2023 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36615633

RESUMO

Atopic dermatitis is a T-cell mediated inflammatory skin disease with detected elevated levels of histamine in skin or plasma. In this study, the effects of histamine in a TH2 cytokine environment on human keratinocytes and three-dimensional skin models were investigated. These models were used to explore the anti-inflammatory properties of the α-tocopherol-derived long-chain metabolite α-13'-carboxychromanol (α-13'-COOH). Histamine and TH2 cytokine-induced proliferation of keratinocytes was studied using a scratch assay. The inflammatory marker interleukin-8 was significantly increased in healthy and TH2 cytokine-stimulated keratinocytes and skin models after histamine treatment. The incubation of full-thickness skin models with TH2 cytokines and histamine resulted in morphological changes in the epidermal layer, interpreted as hyperkeratosis. α-13'-COOH significantly decreased interleukin-8 in these disease-associated skin models. Histological staining of filaggrin showed skin-strengthening effects following α-13'-COOH treatment, without changes in mRNA expression. Cytokeratin 10 mRNA expression tended to be increased in response to α-13'-COOH. Anti-allergic properties of α-13'-COOH were studied by pre-incubation of human leukocytes with α-13'-COOH. This resulted in reduced sulfido-leukotriene synthesis. The hyperproliferation effect of histamine in atopic dermatitis skin models may be of further interest to the study of disease-associated morphological changes. Moreover, α-13'-COOH is a promising natural compound for the treatment of inflammatory skin diseases.


Assuntos
Dermatite Atópica , Humanos , Dermatite Atópica/metabolismo , Histamina/metabolismo , Interleucina-8/genética , Interleucina-8/metabolismo , alfa-Tocoferol/farmacologia , alfa-Tocoferol/metabolismo , Tocoferóis/farmacologia , Pele , Queratinócitos , Citocinas/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo
10.
Allergol. immunopatol ; 51(1): 30-36, ene. 2023. graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-214019

RESUMO

Psoriasis is a chronic multisystemic inflammatory disease with inflammatory cell infiltration, hyperproliferation of keratinocytes in skin lesions, and epidermal barrier dysfunction. Normal human epidermal keratinocytes (NHEKs) were stimulated with interleukin 17A (IL-17A). The expression levels of sirtuin-5 (SIRT5) were analyzed by RT-qPCR and western blot assay. The proliferation levels of NHEKs were assessed by EdU staining. The expression of ELOVL1 and ELOVL4 was analyzed by RT-Qpcr, and the expression levels of filaggrin, loricrin, and aquaporin-3 were analyzed by RT-qPCR and western blot. Extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2) activator t-butylhydroquinone was used to activate ERK1/2. Here, we show that SIRT5 overexpression reduces cell viability and cell proliferation, and improves barrier dysfunction in IL-17A-treated human epidermal keratinocytes, this effect of which is significantly blunted by the ERK1/2 activator. In epidermal keratinocytes, SIRT5 decreases cell proliferation and inflammation and improves barrier dysfunction via ERK/STAT3. This study reveals the role of SIRT5 in the pathogenesis of psoriasis, epidermal hyperplasia, keratinocyte-mediated inflammatory responses, and barrier dysfunction, the role of which is mediated by ERK/STAT3 (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Sirtuínas/metabolismo , Interleucina-17 , Psoríase/fisiopatologia , Células Epiteliais/fisiologia , Queratinócitos/fisiologia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Western Blotting
11.
PLoS One ; 18(1): e0279908, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36607980

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gasdermin (GSDM) B is a member of the GSDM family, which is a protein that may be involved in the cell pyroptosis process and is associated with inflammatory diseases. OBJECTIVE: To explore the correlation between GSDMB and psoriasis vulgaris. METHODS: Skin lesions from 33 patients with psoriasis vulgaris and 69 normal controls were collected. ELISA and Western blot were adopted to detect proteins. The HaCaT cell line was transfected with 3 sets of interfering sequence siRNA, and the mRNA and protein levels before and after the transfection were measured by qPCR and Western blot respectively, so as to establish a cell model with low GSDMB gene expression; the MTT method was used to detect cells viability, flow cytometry to detect cell apoptosis. RESULTS: The level of GSDMB protein in the skin lesions of patients with psoriasis vulgaris was lower than that in normal skin tissues (P < 0.05). The mRNA and protein expression levels of the target gene in the siRNA-GSDMB-3 group were lower than those in the control group (P < 0.05). The proliferation of HaCaT cells was decreased by MTT method and flow cytometry, and the apoptosis rate was increased (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: The expression level of GSDMB in psoriasis vulgaris lesion tissue is lower than that of normal skin tissue. The down-regulation of GSDMB expression can inhibit cell proliferation and promote cell apoptosis. GSDMB may play a role in the pathogenesis of psoriasis by affecting the differentiation of keratinocytes and the function of T cells.


Assuntos
Psoríase , Humanos , Psoríase/patologia , Pele/metabolismo , Queratinócitos/metabolismo , RNA Interferente Pequeno/genética , RNA Interferente Pequeno/metabolismo , Proliferação de Células , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Proteínas Citotóxicas Formadoras de Poros/metabolismo
12.
Sci Adv ; 9(1): eabo7555, 2023 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36598999

RESUMO

Tissue injury induces metabolic changes in stem cells, which likely modulate regeneration. Using a model of organ regeneration called wound-induced hair follicle neogenesis (WIHN), we identified skin-resident bacteria as key modulators of keratinocyte metabolism, demonstrating a positive correlation between bacterial load, glutamine metabolism, and regeneration. Specifically, through comprehensive multiomic analysis and single-cell RNA sequencing in murine skin, we show that bacterially induced hypoxia drives increased glutamine metabolism in keratinocytes with attendant enhancement of skin and hair follicle regeneration. In human skin wounds, topical broad-spectrum antibiotics inhibit glutamine production and are partially responsible for reduced healing. These findings reveal a conserved and coherent physiologic context in which bacterially induced metabolic changes improve the tolerance of stem cells to damage and enhance regenerative capacity. This unexpected proregenerative modulation of metabolism by the skin microbiome in both mice and humans suggests important methods for enhancing regeneration after injury.


Assuntos
Glutamina , Folículo Piloso , Animais , Humanos , Camundongos , Glutamina/metabolismo , Queratinócitos , Regeneração , Pele/metabolismo , Cicatrização , Microbiota
13.
Nat Commun ; 14(1): 116, 2023 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36624106

RESUMO

Pemphigus vulgaris is a life-threatening blistering skin disease caused by autoantibodies destabilizing desmosomal adhesion. Current therapies focus on suppression of autoantibody formation and thus treatments directly stabilizing keratinocyte adhesion would fulfill an unmet medical need. We here demonstrate that apremilast, a phosphodiesterase 4 inhibitor used in psoriasis, prevents skin blistering in pemphigus vulgaris. Apremilast abrogates pemphigus autoantibody-induced loss of keratinocyte cohesion in ex-vivo human epidermis, cultured keratinocytes in vitro and in vivo in mice. In parallel, apremilast inhibits keratin retraction as well as desmosome splitting, induces phosphorylation of plakoglobin at serine 665 and desmoplakin assembly into desmosomal plaques. We established a plakoglobin phospho-deficient mouse model that reveals fragile epidermis with altered organization of keratin filaments and desmosomal cadherins. In keratinocytes derived from these mice, intercellular adhesion is impaired and not rescued by apremilast. These data identify an unreported mechanism of desmosome regulation and propose that apremilast stabilizes keratinocyte adhesion and is protective in pemphigus.


Assuntos
Pênfigo , Humanos , Camundongos , Animais , Pênfigo/tratamento farmacológico , gama Catenina , Adesão Celular , Queratinócitos , Epiderme , Vesícula , Autoanticorpos , Queratinas , Desmossomos
14.
PeerJ ; 11: e14630, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36684674

RESUMO

Scalp cooling is the most approved treatment for preventing chemotherapy-induced alopecia (CIA). However, the protective mechanism of scalp cooling has rarely been reported. The goal of the present study was to study the relationship between paclitaxel concentration and temperature and the inhibitory effect of low temperature on paclitaxel-induced alopecia. The results showed that the dose of paclitaxel should not exceed 60-70 mg/mL during scalp cooling treatment, and the optimal cooling temperature under different paclitaxel concentrations was determined. Normal human epidermal keratinocytes (NHEK) cells were analyzed by global transcriptome analysis, functional annotation and pathway analysis of differentially expressed genes (DEGs) and ELISA kit to analyze the mechanism of low temperature therapy. The expression of HSPA8, HSPA1A and HSPA1B, which belongs to HSP70, was up-regulated by low temperature. These genes are important target genes of low temperature treatment, which were confirmed by ELISA. The up-regulation of PLK2 and the down-regulation of TXNIP expression are the upstream of mitochondrial dysfunction and ROS, inhibiting the accumulation of ROS and up-regulating the mitochondrial membrane potential. Our research partially elucidates the therapeutic mechanism of scalp cooling, which provides a new idea on the drug research and development in CIA.


Assuntos
Paclitaxel , Couro Cabeludo , Humanos , Paclitaxel/efeitos adversos , Temperatura , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/efeitos adversos , Alopecia/induzido quimicamente , Queratinócitos
15.
Int J Mol Sci ; 24(2)2023 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36674890

RESUMO

Prolonged inflammation and impaired re-epithelization are major contributing factors to chronic non-healing diabetic wounds; diabetes is also characterized by xerosis. Advanced glycation end products (AGEs), and the activation of toll-like receptors (TLRs), can trigger inflammatory responses. Aquaporin-3 (AQP3) plays essential roles in keratinocyte function and skin wound re-epithelialization/re-generation and hydration. Suberanilohydroxamic acid (SAHA), a histone deacetylase inhibitor, mimics the increased acetylation observed in diabetes. We investigated the effects of TLR2/TLR4 activators and AGEs on keratinocyte AQP3 expression in the presence and absence of SAHA. Primary mouse keratinocytes were treated with or without TLR2 agonist Pam3Cys-Ser-(Lys)4 (PAM), TLR4 agonist lipopolysaccharide (LPS), or AGEs, with or without SAHA. We found that (1) PAM and LPS significantly upregulated AQP3 protein basally (without SAHA) and PAM downregulated AQP3 protein with SAHA; and (2) AGEs (100 µg/mL) increased AQP3 protein expression basally and decreased AQP3 levels with SAHA. PAM and AGEs produced similar changes in AQP3 expression, suggesting a common pathway or potential crosstalk between TLR2 and AGEs signaling. Our findings suggest that TLR2 activation and AGEs may be beneficial for wound healing and skin hydration under normal conditions via AQP3 upregulation, but that these pathways are likely deleterious in diabetes chronically through decreased AQP3 expression.


Assuntos
Aquaporina 3 , Receptor 2 Toll-Like , Camundongos , Animais , Aquaporina 3/genética , Aquaporina 3/metabolismo , Receptor 2 Toll-Like/genética , Receptor 2 Toll-Like/metabolismo , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/metabolismo , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Lipopolissacarídeos/metabolismo , Queratinócitos/metabolismo , Vorinostat/metabolismo , Produtos Finais de Glicação Avançada/farmacologia , Produtos Finais de Glicação Avançada/metabolismo
16.
Cell Mol Life Sci ; 80(1): 25, 2023 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36602635

RESUMO

Desmoglein 3 (Dsg3) is a desmosomal cadherin mediating cell adhesion within desmosomes and is the antigen of the autoimmune blistering skin disease pemphigus vulgaris. Therefore, understanding of the complex desmosome turnover process is of high biomedical relevance. Recently, super resolution microscopy was used to characterize desmosome composition and turnover. However, studies were limited because adhesion measurements on living cells were not possible in parallel. Before desmosomal cadherins are incorporated into nascent desmosomes, they are not bound to intermediate filaments but were suggested to be associated with the actin cytoskeleton. However, direct proof that adhesion of a pool of desmosomal cadherins is dependent on actin is missing. Here, we applied single-molecule force spectroscopy measurements with the novel single molecule hybrid-technique STED/SMFS-AFM to investigate the cytoskeletal anchorage of Dsg3 on living keratinocytes for the first time. By application of pharmacological agents we discriminated two different Dsg3 pools, only one of which is anchored to actin filaments. We applied the actin polymerization inhibitor Latrunculin B to modify the actin cytoskeleton and the PKCα activator PMA to modulate intermediate filament anchorage. On the cellular surface Dsg3 adhesion was actin-dependent. In contrast, at cell-cell contacts, Dsg3 adhesion was independent from actin but rather is regulated by PKC which is well established to control desmosome turn-over via intermediate filament anchorage. Taken together, using the novel STED/SMFS-AFM technique, we demonstrated the existence of two Dsg3 pools with different cytoskeletal anchorage mechanisms.


Assuntos
Doenças Autoimunes , Pênfigo , Humanos , Desmogleína 3/metabolismo , Actinas/metabolismo , Desmossomos/metabolismo , Queratinócitos/metabolismo , Pênfigo/metabolismo , Caderinas/metabolismo , Adesão Celular , Doenças Autoimunes/metabolismo
17.
J Photochem Photobiol B ; 238: 112613, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36495669

RESUMO

Engagement of regulated cell death in keratinocytes plays a crucial role in the pathogenesis and development of skin disorders associated with UV radiation. However, it remains unclear how microRNAs (miRNAs) participate in the regulation of UV-caused keratinocyte death. In this study, we found that miR-133a-3p was decreased in the epidermis of UVB-challenged mice and UVB-irradiated keratinocyte cell line HaCaT cells. The intradermal injection of agomir miR-133a-3p ameliorated skin damage of UVB-challenged mice, especially epidermal necrosis. Meanwhile, the injection inhibited apoptosis indicator PARP cleavage and pyroptosis indicator GSDME cleavage in the epidermis. In UVB-challenged HaCaT cells, transfection of miR-133a-3p mimic or inhibitor alleviated or aggravated UVB-induced apoptosis and GSDME-mediated pyroptosis respectively. miR-133a-3p was also involved in the effects of metformin treatment on alleviating skin damage in UVB-challenged mice and on inhibiting apoptosis and GSDME-mediated pyroptosis in UVB-irradiated HaCaT cells. We confirmed that CYLD is a target gene of miR-133a-3p and participates in the protective effects of miR-133a-3p on inhibiting UVB-caused apoptosis and GSDME-mediated pyroptosis in keratinocytes. This study indicates a pivotal role for miR-133a-3p of keratinocytes in UVB-caused skin damage. Alleviating skin photodamage by restoring the decrease of miR-133a-3p can be considered a potential therapeutic approach.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs , Animais , Camundongos , Apoptose , Queratinócitos/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Piroptose , Raios Ultravioleta , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Ouro
18.
Methods Mol Biol ; 2588: 217-229, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36418691

RESUMO

The Nobel Prize awarded gene editing system, CRISPR-Cas9, is probably one of the greatest achievements of the last decades. CRISPR-Cas9 can introduce irreversible genomic changes in its target DNA by simple specifying a 20-nucleotide sequence within its RNA guide. Due to its simplicity, efficacy, and relative low cost in comparison with other genome editing systems, it has become the most common gene editing system used in research laboratories. Here we describe a step-by-step protocol to produce genetically edited primary oral keratinocytes using the CRISPR-Cas9 system.


Assuntos
Sistemas CRISPR-Cas , Queratinócitos , Sistemas CRISPR-Cas/genética , Edição de Genes , Genômica , RNA
19.
FASEB J ; 37(1): e22709, 2023 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36527388

RESUMO

Glucocorticoids (GCs) exert potent antiproliferative and anti-inflammatory properties, explaining their therapeutic efficacy for skin diseases. GCs act by binding to the GC receptor (GR) and the mineralocorticoid receptor (MR), co-expressed in classical and non-classical targets including keratinocytes. Using knockout mice, we previously demonstrated that GR and MR exert essential nonoverlapping functions in skin homeostasis. These closely related receptors may homo- or heterodimerize to regulate transcription, and theoretically bind identical GC-response elements (GRE). We assessed the contribution of MR to GR genomic binding and the transcriptional response to the synthetic GC dexamethasone (Dex) using control (CO) and MR knockout (MREKO ) keratinocytes. GR chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP)-seq identified peaks common and unique to both genotypes upon Dex treatment (1 h). GREs, AP-1, TEAD, and p53 motifs were enriched in CO and MREKO peaks. However, GR genomic binding was 35% reduced in MREKO , with significantly decreased GRE enrichment, and reduced nuclear GR. Surface plasmon resonance determined steady state affinity constants, suggesting preferred dimer formation as MR-MR > GR-MR ~ GR-GR; however, kinetic studies demonstrated that GR-containing dimers had the longest lifetimes. Despite GR-binding differences, RNA-seq identified largely similar subsets of differentially expressed genes in both genotypes upon Dex treatment (3 h). However, time-course experiments showed gene-dependent differences in the magnitude of expression, which correlated with earlier and more pronounced GR binding to GRE sites unique to CO including near Nr3c1. Our data show that endogenous MR has an impact on the kinetics and differential genomic binding of GR, affecting the time-course, specificity, and magnitude of GC transcriptional responses in keratinocytes.


Assuntos
Receptores de Glucocorticoides , Receptores de Mineralocorticoides , Animais , Camundongos , Receptores de Glucocorticoides/metabolismo , Receptores de Mineralocorticoides/genética , Receptores de Mineralocorticoides/metabolismo , Glucocorticoides/farmacologia , Glucocorticoides/metabolismo , Cinética , Queratinócitos/metabolismo , Camundongos Knockout , Genômica
20.
J Photochem Photobiol B ; 238: 112604, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36525776

RESUMO

Ultraviolet-B (UVB) exposure on the skin triggers apoptosis, oxidative stress and acute inflammatory responses, which eventually increases the risk of various skin disorders. Hemin, an iron-binding porphyrin, has been clinically used for porphyria treatment. However, whether hemin contributes to the skin protection against UVB injury remains to be elucidated. Here, we found that hemin treatment (10 and 20 mg/kg) by intraperitoneal administration could dramatically relieve UVB irradiation-induced skin damage featured by erythema, edema, epidermal hyperplasia and collagen loss in C57BL/6 J mice. Importantly, hemin treatment attenuated UVB irradiation-triggered cell apoptosis in skin epidermis. Consistently, hemin (10, 20 µM) treatment decreased Caspase-3 activation and protected against UVB-induced apoptosis in HaCaT cells. Besides, hemin treatment reduced the infiltration of neutrophils in skin under UVB irradiation, thus restrained neutrophil extracellular traps (NET) formation and myeloperoxidase (MPO) release. We further revealed that hemin inhibited the expression of inflammation associated cytokines and chemokines in UVB-induced HaCaT cells and blocked the chemotaxis of dHL-60 cells to preconditioned media from HaCaT culture upon UVB irradiation. Furthermore, hemin inhibited the excessive maturation and mobilization of bone marrow neutrophils and rectified the proportion of abnormally elevated neutrophils in the blood under UVB irradiation. In conclusion, our study showed that hemin treatment protects against UVB-induced skin damage through inhibiting keratinocytes apoptosis, and suppressing neutrophils infiltration in the skin via externally restraining the keratinocyte attraction and internally regulating bone marrow neutrophil maturation and mobilization, suggesting that hemin is an effective drug candidate for the therapy of UVB damage.


Assuntos
Hemina , Dermatopatias , Camundongos , Animais , Hemina/farmacologia , Hemina/metabolismo , Infiltração de Neutrófilos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Pele/metabolismo , Queratinócitos/metabolismo , Apoptose , Inflamação/metabolismo , Raios Ultravioleta
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