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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e246389, 2023. graf
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE, LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1285638

RESUMO

Abstract Poultry industry is expanding rapidly and producing million tons of feather waste annually. Massive production of keratinaceous byproducts in the form of industrial wastes throughout the world necessitates its justified utilization. Chemical treatment of keratin waste is proclaimed as an eco-destructive approach by various researchers since it generates secondary pollutants. Keratinase released by a variety of microbes (bacteria and fungi) can be used for the effective treatment of keratin waste. Microbial degradation of keratin waste is an emerging and eco-friendly approach and offers dual benefits, i.e., treatment of recalcitrant pollutant (keratin) and procurement of a commercially important enzyme (keratinase). This study involves the isolation, characterization, and potential utility of fungal species for the degradation of chicken-feather waste through submerged and solid-state fermentation. The isolated fungus was identified and characterized as Aspergillus (A.) flavus. In a trial of 30 days, it was appeared that 74 and 8% feather weight was reduced through sub-merged and solid-state fermentation, respectively by A. flavus. The pH of the growth media in submerged fermentation was changed from 4.8 to 8.35. The exploited application of keratinolytic microbes is, therefore, recommended for the treatment of keratinaceous wastes to achieve dual benefits of remediation.


Resumo A indústria avícola está se expandindo rapidamente e produzindo milhões de toneladas de resíduos de penas anualmente. A produção massiva de subprodutos queratinosos na forma de resíduos agrícolas e industriais em todo o mundo exige sua utilização justificada. O tratamento químico de resíduos de queratina é proclamado como uma abordagem ecodestrutiva por vários pesquisadores, uma vez que gera poluentes secundários. A queratinase liberada por uma variedade de micróbios (bactérias e fungos) pode ser usada para o tratamento eficaz de resíduos de queratina. A degradação microbiana de resíduos de queratina é uma abordagem emergente e ecológica e oferece benefícios duplos, ou seja, tratamento de poluente recalcitrante (queratina) e obtenção de uma enzima comercialmente importante (queratinase). Este estudo envolve o isolamento, caracterização e utilidade potencial de espécies de fungos para a degradação de resíduos de penas de frango por meio da fermentação submersa e em estado sólido. O fungo isolado foi identificado e caracterizado como Aspergillus (A.) flavus. Em um ensaio de 30 dias, constatou-se que 74% e 8% do peso das penas foram reduzidos por A. flavus, respectivamente, por meio da fermentação submersa e em estado sólido. O pH do meio de crescimento em fermentação submersa foi alterado de 4,8 para 8,35. A aplicação explorada de micróbios queratinolíticos é, portanto, recomendada para o tratamento de resíduos ceratinosos para obter benefícios duplos de remediação.


Assuntos
Animais , Galinhas , Plumas , Fermentação , Fungos , Resíduos Industriais , Queratinas/metabolismo
2.
Braz J Biol ; 84: e257473, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35544789

RESUMO

Feathers make up 7% of the total weight of adult chickens and keratin protein makes up 85% of the feathers. Today, the keratinase enzymes of some Bacillus strains are used to degrade and process raw keratin waste for animal and poultry feed. According to various studies, the probiotic properties of some spore-shaped Bacillus have also been proven. The study aimed to isolation of the keratinolytic Bacillus bacteria that they have probiotic properties for using in the livestock and poultry feed industry. We were able to isolate 8 strains of Bacillus licheniformis with kreatin degrading properties from the soil of Baharan chicken slaughterhouse (Qom city, Iran) applying heat shock, alcohol- and keratin-rich culture medium, and after microscopic and biochemical analysis, 16S rDNA gene was isolated. The measurement results of keratinase activity showed that the three strains of Bacillus licheniformis pvkr6, pvkr 15, and pvkr41 had the highest activity with 124.08, 101.1, and 100.18 U/ml. The results of probiotic properties evaluation also revealed that among all the isolates, only Bacillus licheniformis pvkr15 and Bacillus licheniformis PTCC 1595 (positive control) were γ-hemolytic strains. The percentage of surface hydrophobicity of the strains was obtained from 3.27 to 30.57. It was also shown that, on average, all the strains had acceptable susceptibility to the tested antibiotics except penicillin G. Bacillus licheniformis pvkr15 with highest keratinase activity (101.1U/ml) was considered an optional probiotics due to its abilities such as (biofilm formation, being safe cause of γ-hemolytic activity, high susceptibility to antibiotics such as streptomycin, gentamicin, cefixime, amoxicillin, tetracycline, vancomycin, erythromycin and having a moderate hydrophilic (hydrophobicity: 19.09%), high survivability in pH 2, 2.5 and 3, strong resistance to bile salts and moderate antagonistic activity against pathogenic bacterium like Proteus mirabilis and the ability to grow under anaerobic conditions). By using this strain, after hydrolysis of keratin protein in the feather structure, to replace part of the protein of livestock and poultry feed, not only is no need to separate bacteria from the feed, but also the strain play role of an useful and effective additive in animal growth.


Assuntos
Bacillus , Probióticos , Matadouros , Animais , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Bacillus/genética , Bacillus/metabolismo , Galinhas , Plumas/química , Plumas/metabolismo , Plumas/microbiologia , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Queratinas/análise , Queratinas/química , Queratinas/metabolismo , Aves Domésticas/metabolismo , Probióticos/análise , Probióticos/farmacologia , Solo
3.
Chin Med Sci J ; 37(1): 73-78, 2022 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35531949

RESUMO

The incidence and mortality rates of gastrointestinal (GI) cancer remain high. Despite constant improvements in diagnostic and therapeutic techniques, the early diagnosis, mid- and late-stage treatment, drug tolerance, and cancer recurrence and metastasis in GI cancer remain challenging. In this review article we summarize the recent research advance in the roles of keratins in GI cancer, with the hope that they will become efficient biomarkers for the prediction, diagnosis, or treatment of these malignancies.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Gastrointestinais , Queratinas , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Neoplasias Gastrointestinais/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Gastrointestinais/terapia , Humanos
4.
Indian J Pathol Microbiol ; 65(2): 448-451, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35435392

RESUMO

Prostate cancer being the world's leading cause of cancer and also the second most common cancer in men is posing challenges in its diagnosis. Immunohistochemistry with markers like high molecular weight cytokeratin, p63 aid in the diagnosis. The absence of p63 and high molecular weight cytokeratin and presence of p504s in the biopsies indicate malignant lesions. Yet, there is a loophole to this too. A rare case of p63-positive prostatic adenocarcinoma in an 87-year-old patient, with immunohistochemistry results showing overexpression of p63 in the nuclei of the malignant glands. This tumor shows high molecular weight cytokeratin negativity, and p504s positivity. Prognosis of this variant of the tumor is mostly favorable. Prompt treatment will halt the progression of this tumor and prevent paraplegia. Radical prostatectomy could be avoided by treatment modalities like androgen blockade and brachytherapy, as morbidity is very high with radical prostatectomy surgery.


Assuntos
Carcinoma , Neoplasias da Próstata , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Carcinoma/patologia , Humanos , Queratinas/análise , Masculino , Proteínas de Membrana/análise , Próstata/patologia , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia
5.
FASEB J ; 36(5): e22322, 2022 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35429062

RESUMO

Emerging evidence suggests that signaling through the C3a anaphylatoxin receptor (C3aR) protects against various inflammation-related diseases. However, the role of C3aR in psoriasis remains unknown. The purpose of this study was to investigate the possible protective role of C3aR in psoriasis and to explore the underlying molecular mechanisms. We initially found that the psoriatic epidermis exhibited significantly decreased C3aR expression. C3aR showed protective roles in mouse models of imiquimod (IMQ)- and interleukin-23-induced psoriasis. Furthermore, increased epidermal thickness and keratin 6 (K6), K16, and K17 expression occurred in the ears and backs of C3aR-/- mice. Pharmacological treatment with a C3aR agonist ameliorated IMQ-induced psoriasiform lesions in mice and decreased the expression of K6, K16, and K17. Additionally, the signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) pathway participated in the protective function of C3aR. More importantly, the expression levels of K6, K16, and K17 in keratinocytes were all restored in HaCaT cells transfected with a C3aR-overexpression plasmid after treating them with colivelin (a STAT3 activator). Our findings demonstrate that C3aR protects against the development of psoriasis and suggest that C3aR confers protection by negatively regulating K6, K16, and K17 expression in a STAT3-dependent manner, thus inhibiting keratinocyte proliferation and helping reverse the pathogenesis of psoriasis.


Assuntos
Queratinócitos , Queratinas , Psoríase , Receptores Acoplados a Proteínas G , Anafilatoxinas , Animais , Proliferação de Células , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Queratina-16/imunologia , Queratina-17/imunologia , Queratina-6/imunologia , Queratinócitos/metabolismo , Queratinócitos/patologia , Queratinas/imunologia , Camundongos , Psoríase/tratamento farmacológico , Psoríase/imunologia , Psoríase/patologia , Receptores Acoplados a Proteínas G/imunologia , Pele/metabolismo
6.
Cell Mol Life Sci ; 79(5): 223, 2022 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35380280

RESUMO

Desmosomes are intercellular junctions which mediate cohesion and communication in tissues exposed to mechanical strain by tethering the intermediate filament cytoskeleton to the plasma membrane. While mature desmosomes are characterized by a hyperadhesive, Ca2+-independent state, they transiently loose this state during wound healing, pathogenesis and tissue regeneration. The mechanisms controlling the hyperadhesive state remain incompletely understood. Here, we show that upon Ca2+-induced keratinocyte differentiation, expression of keratin 17 (K17) prevents the formation of stable and hyperadhesive desmosomes, accompanied by a significant reduction of desmoplakin (DP), plakophilin-1 (PKP1), desmoglein-1 (Dsg1) and -3 (Dsg3) at intercellular cell borders. Atomic force microscopy revealed that both increased binding strength of desmoglein-3 molecules and amount of desmoglein-3 oligomers, known hallmarks of hyperadhesion, were reduced in K17- compared to K14-expressing cells. Importantly, overexpression of Dsg3 or DPII enhanced their localization at intercellular cell borders and increased the formation of Dsg3 oligomers, resulting in stable, hyperadhesive desmosomes despite the presence of K17. Notably, PKP1 was enriched in these desmosomes. Quantitative image analysis revealed that DPII overexpression contributed to desmosome hyperadhesion by increasing the abundance of K5/K17-positive keratin filaments in the proximity of desmosomes enriched in desmoglein-3. Thus, our data show that hyperadhesion can result from recruitment of keratin isotypes K5/K17 to desmosomes or from enhanced expression of DP and Dsg3 irrespective of keratin composition. The notion that hyperadhesive desmosomes failed to form in the absence of keratins underscores the essential role of keratins and suggest bidirectional control mechanisms at several levels.


Assuntos
Desmossomos , Queratinas , Adesão Celular , Citoesqueleto/metabolismo , Desmogleínas/metabolismo , Desmossomos/metabolismo , Queratinócitos/metabolismo , Queratinas/metabolismo
7.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(8)2022 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35456921

RESUMO

One of the promising approaches to facilitate healing and regenerative capacity includes the application of growth-factor-loaded biomaterials. Human platelet lysate (hPL) derived from platelet-rich plasma through a freeze-thaw process has been used as a growth factor rich therapeutic in many regenerative applications. To provide sustained local delivery of the hPL-derived growth factors such as epidermal growth factor (EGF), the hPL can be loaded into biomaterials that do not degrade rapidly in vivo. Keratin (KSO), a strong filamentous protein found in human hair, when formulated as a hydrogel, is shown to sustain the release of drugs and promote wound healing. In the current study, we created a KSO biomaterial that spontaneously forms a hydrogel when rehydrated with hPL that is capable of controlled and sustained release of pro-regenerative molecules. Our study demonstrates that the release of hPL is controlled by changing the KSO hydrogel and hPL-loading concentrations, with hPL loading concentrations having a greater effect in changing release profiles. In addition, the 15% KSO concentration proved to form a stable hydrogel, and supported cell proliferation over 3 days without cytotoxic effects in vitro. The hPL-loaded keratin hydrogels show promise in potential applications for wound healing with the sustained release of pro-regenerative growth factors with easy tailoring of hydrogel properties.


Assuntos
Hidrogéis , Queratinas , Materiais Biocompatíveis/farmacologia , Preparações de Ação Retardada/farmacologia , Humanos , Hidrogéis/farmacologia , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular/farmacologia , Queratinas/farmacologia , Cicatrização
8.
Molecules ; 27(8)2022 Apr 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35458701

RESUMO

Keratin liposomes have emerged as a useful topical drug delivery system given theirenhanced ability to penetrate the skin, making them ideal as topical drug vehicles. However, the mechanisms of the drug penetration enhancement of keratin liposomes have not been clearly elucidated. Therefore, licochalcone A(LA)-loaded skin keratin liposomes (LALs) were prepared to investigate their mechanisms of penetration enhancement on the skin and inB16F10 cells. Skin deposition studies, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), attenuated total reflection-Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (ATR-FTIR), and skin distribution and intracellular distribution studies were carried out to demonstrate the drug enhancement mechanisms of LALs. We found that the optimal application of LALs enhanced drug permeation via alterations in the components, structure, and thermodynamic properties of the stratum corneum (SC), that is, by enhancing the lipid fluidization, altering the skin keratin, and changing the thermodynamic properties of the SC. Moreover, hair follicles were the main penetration pathways for the LA delivery, which occurred in a time-dependent manner. In the B16F10 cells, the skin keratin liposomes effectively delivered LA into the cytoplasm without cytotoxicity. Thus, LAL nanoparticles are promising topical drug delivery systems for pharmaceutical and cosmetic applications.


Assuntos
Lipossomos , Absorção Cutânea , Administração Cutânea , Chalconas , Queratinas/metabolismo , Lipossomos/química , Pele
9.
Waste Manag ; 144: 421-430, 2022 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35452950

RESUMO

The study aimed to propose an efficient and eco-friendly strategy to improve the utilization of feather waste and converting it into high-valued antimicrobial products. Under the synergistic effect of instant catapult steam explosion (ICSE) (1.5 MPa-120 s), over 90% of chicken feather powder (CFP) was degraded into soluble peptides via keratinolysis within 3 h, about 90% of which were smaller than 3 kDa, indicating an overwhelming advantage than general proteolysis. Importantly, the keratinolysis hydrolysate of CFP was able to inhibit E. coli growth, among which the fraction < 3 kDa exhibited highest antimicrobial activity with a minimal inhibitory concentration of 30 mg/mL. Compared to other fractions, the fraction < 3 kDa contained higher content of hydrophobic amino acids (364.11 mg/g), in which about 79% of peptides had more than 60% hydrophobic ratio, potentially contributing to its antimicrobial activity. ICSE-keratinolysis process holds potential in reducing both protein resource waste and environmental pollution by valorizing feathers into antimicrobial product.


Assuntos
Plumas , Queratinas , Animais , Escherichia coli , Queratinas/química , Queratinas/metabolismo , Peptídeos/metabolismo , Pós/metabolismo , Reciclagem , Vapor
10.
J Oleo Sci ; 71(5): 693-700, 2022 Apr 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35387918

RESUMO

Feather wastes-byproduct of commercial poultry processing plant is produced in large amounts. Keratinolytic enzymes produced by feather degrading bacteria can easily degrade these waste products releasing pure keratin as a residue. The aim of present study was to isolate, and characterize feather degrading bacteria as well as assess the keratinolytic potential of purified enzyme. Three feather degrading bacteria (dps3, wps1 and dcs1) were isolated from feathers of domestic chickens. Preliminary characterization of isolated bacteria revealed these isolates belonging to genus Bacillus. 16S rRNA gene sequencing identified the isolates as B. subtilis dps3 (MW255302), B. cereus wps1 (MW255303) and B. licheniformis dcs1 (MW255304). Cell free supernatant of B. licheniformis dcs1 degraded feathers completely in 14 days indicating its keratinolytic ability. Purification of keratinase enzyme from B. licheniformis dcs1 was performed using column chromatography. SDS-PAGE indicated its molecular weight as 32 KDa. Kerotinolytice activity was maximum at optimum pH of 7 and 45℃ temperature. Enzyme showed the potential to degrade keratin material such as hairs and nails of humans. Findings of current study suggested that purified enzyme possess potential to upgrade nutritional quality of poultry waste containing keratin and might play as important biotechnological tool for keratin hydrolysis.


Assuntos
Bacillus licheniformis , Aves Domésticas , Animais , Bacillus licheniformis/metabolismo , Galinhas/genética , Galinhas/metabolismo , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Queratinas/análise , Queratinas/metabolismo , Peptídeo Hidrolases/química , Peptídeo Hidrolases/genética , Peptídeo Hidrolases/metabolismo , Aves Domésticas/genética , Aves Domésticas/metabolismo , RNA Ribossômico 16S , Temperatura
11.
Appl Immunohistochem Mol Morphol ; 30(4): 298-303, 2022 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35384880

RESUMO

The nail plate is one of the essential structures of the nail apparatus and is highly keratinized, making it difficult to handle this tissue experimentally. Different types of nail consistency were identified by applying distal pressure to the nail plate. To analyze the relationship between the keratins expressed in the nail plate and nail consistency, we chose a sample of 32 adult individuals (age 49.81±3.21 y) with the same number of each sex, who had a similar percentage of nail consistency types (56.25% hard consistency nails and 43.75% soft consistency nails). Immunohistochemical analyses showed that hard consistency nails contain more keratin 17 than soft consistency nails (P=0.026). These novel results allow nail consistency to be defined by the differential expression of keratins in the nail plate, and have potential clinical implications for the diagnosis of possible nail disorders and/or systemic disease.


Assuntos
Queratinas Tipo I , Unhas , Adulto , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Queratinas/química , Queratinas/metabolismo , Queratinas Tipo I/química , Queratinas Tipo I/metabolismo , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Unhas/química , Unhas/metabolismo
12.
BMC Cancer ; 22(1): 412, 2022 Apr 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35421961

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Routine measurement of tumor markers is not recommended in daily clinical practice for patients with cancer of unknown primary (CUP). We evaluated the diagnostic value of tumor markers in identifying favorable or unfavorable subsets in patients with CUP. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients who were diagnosed with CUP between October 2010 and July 2015 at the National Cancer Center Hospital. The tumor markers of the patients were examined, including squamous cell carcinoma antigen, cytokeratin fraction, carcinoembryonic antigen, sialyl Lewis X, neuron-specific enolase, pro-gastrin-releasing peptide, α-fetoprotein, protein induced by vitamin K absence or antagonist II, prostate-specific antigen, soluble interleukin-2 receptor, carbohydrate antigen 19-9, cancer antigen 125, cancer antigen 15-3, NCC-ST-439 (ST439), elastase-1, human chorionic gonadotropin, and sialyl-Tn (STN). RESULTS: Among 199 patients with suspected CUP, 90 were diagnosed with confirmed CUP (12 in the favorable subset and 78 in the unfavorable subset). No tumor markers showed 100% sensitivity for unfavorable subsets. ST439 (p = 0.03) and STN (p = 0.049) showed 100% specificity for unfavorable subsets. CONCLUSIONS: For patients with suspected CUP who show elevated ST439 or STN levels, the treatment strategy should be based on the premise that the patient is likely to be placed in the unfavorable subset.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais , Neoplasias Primárias Desconhecidas , Antígenos Glicosídicos Associados a Tumores , Antígeno CA-19-9 , Antígeno Carcinoembrionário , Humanos , Queratinas , Masculino , Neoplasias Primárias Desconhecidas/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
13.
EMBO J ; 41(7): e108747, 2022 04 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35266581

RESUMO

Mesoderm arises at gastrulation and contributes to both the mouse embryo proper and its extra-embryonic membranes. Two-photon live imaging of embryos bearing a keratin reporter allowed recording filament nucleation and elongation in the extra-embryonic region. Upon separation of amniotic and exocoelomic cavities, keratin 8 formed apical cables co-aligned across multiple cells in the amnion, allantois, and blood islands. An influence of substrate rigidity and composition on cell behavior and keratin content was observed in mesoderm explants. Embryos lacking all keratin filaments displayed a deflated extra-embryonic cavity, a narrow thick amnion, and a short allantois. Single-cell RNA sequencing of sorted mesoderm cells and micro-dissected amnion, chorion, and allantois, provided an atlas of transcriptomes with germ layer and regional information. It defined the cytoskeleton and adhesion expression profile of mesoderm-derived keratin 8-enriched cells lining the exocoelomic cavity. Those findings indicate a novel role for keratin filaments in the expansion of extra-embryonic structures and suggest mechanisms of mesoderm adaptation to the environment.


Assuntos
Gastrulação , Mesoderma , Animais , Embrião de Mamíferos , Membranas Extraembrionárias , Queratinas/genética , Queratinas/metabolismo , Mesoderma/metabolismo , Camundongos
14.
J Mater Sci Mater Med ; 33(3): 29, 2022 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35244790

RESUMO

Amniotic membrane (AM) is often applied as a substitute material during ocular surface reconstruction. However, since AM has several disadvantages, alternative materials must be considered for this application. Keratin films made from human hair (KFs) have previously been presented as a promising option; they exhibited suitable characteristics and satisfactory biocompatibility in an in vivo rabbit model. Nevertheless, dexamethasone (DEX) eye drops are necessary after surgery to suppress inflammation. Since eye drops must be administered frequently, this might result in poor patient compliance, and the release of DEX at the transplant site would be clinically beneficial. Therefore, we aimed to incorporate DEX into KFs without hindering the positive film characteristics. Drug-loaded KFs were generated either by suspension technique or by the addition of solubilizing agents. The resulting specimens were analyzed regarding appearance, loading capacity, transparency, mechanical characteristics, swelling behavior and in vitro release. Furthermore, biocompatibility was assessed in vitro by determining the cell viability, seeding efficiency and growth behavior of corneal epithelial cells. The amount of incorporated DEX influenced the transparency and biomechanical properties of the films, but even highly loaded films showed properties similar to those of AM. The suspension technique was identified as the best incorporation approach regarding chemical stability and prolonged DEX release. Moreover, suspended DEX in the films did not negatively impact cell seeding efficiencies, and the cell-growth behaviors on the specimens with moderate DEX loads were satisfactory. This suggest that these films could comprise a suitable alternative material with additional anti-inflammatory activity for ocular surface reconstruction. Graphical abstract.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios , Queratinas , Tecidos Suporte , Âmnio , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Dexametasona/química , Inflamação , Queratinas/química , Oftalmologia/métodos , Coelhos
15.
Head Neck Pathol ; 16(1): 158-167, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35307771

RESUMO

In the past decade, several emerging bone and soft tissue neoplasms of the head and neck region have been described in the literature, including GLI1-altered mesenchymal tumors, (intraosseous) rhabdomyosarcoma with TFCP2 fusion, and adamantinoma-like Ewing sarcoma. This review provides a summary of the clinical features, histologic characteristics, immunoprofile, key diagnostic features, and differential diagnoses of these emerging entities. Notably, all three entities show epithelioid morphology and cytokeratin immunopositivity, highlighting the need to consider these mesenchymal neoplasms in the differential diagnoses of cytokeratin-positive epithelioid tumors in the head and neck region. Appropriate workups including detection of the characteristic molecular alterations are essential for the correct diagnosis.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Sarcoma de Ewing , Neoplasias de Tecidos Moles , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Neoplasias Ósseas/patologia , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA , Humanos , Queratinas , Los Angeles , Sarcoma de Ewing/patologia , Neoplasias de Tecidos Moles/patologia , Fatores de Transcrição
16.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 4340, 2022 03 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35288581

RESUMO

In recent times, the application of protein-based bio-composite edible films in postharvest preservation of food and agricultural products is attracting increased attention due to their biodegradability, eco-friendliness and sustainability. In this study, an avocado pear peel polyphenolic extract enriched keratin-starch composite film was fabricated, characterized and evaluated for antimicrobial activity against fungal infected tomato fruits after 6 days of storage at room (25 ± 2 °C) temperature. The SEM/EDX and FTIR results revealed the successful film formation with high degree of compatibility and homogeneity. Following a 6-day post-coating loss in weight of the coated tomato fruits decreased significantly (p < 0.05) with increasing extract concentration while titratable acidity showed a significant (p < 0.05) increase with increasing extract load. Ascorbic acid and lycopene contents were significantly (p < 0.05) higher in the avocado pear peel polyphenolic extract-loaded films. No significant effect was observed in catechol oxidase activity of the tomato extract across the different treatment groups. In addition, fungal growth inhibition showed a dose dependent increase consistent with avocado pear peel polyphenolic load in coated tomato fruits compared to control. Results obtained in this study showed that polyphenolic activated keratin-starch coating was able to reduce spoilage-induce weight loss as well as conserve the overall quality (including titratable acid levels, lycopene and ascorbic acid contents) of fungal-infected tomato fruit and reduce microbial growth. Therefore polyphenolic activated keratin-starch coating could serve as a sustainable and ecofriendly postharvest preservation method to prolong the shelf life of tomato fruits.


Assuntos
Frutas , Lycopersicon esculentum , Antifúngicos/farmacologia , Ácido Ascórbico/farmacologia , Frutas/microbiologia , Queratinas , Licopeno/farmacologia , Amido/farmacologia
17.
Anal Biochem ; 646: 114638, 2022 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35278436

RESUMO

In this work, a novel triphenylamine derivative probe TPA-1 was designed and synthesized with a mechanism of aggregation induced emission (AIE) and twisted intramolecular charge transfer (TICT) in a microenvironment. It can be used for the detection of keratin with AIE enhanced characterization in near infrared (NIR) emission. The sensitivity and selectivity for keratin detection were also studied. In the physiological pH range, the detection of TPA-1 to keratin was not interfered by other proteins and amino acids, and had excellent specificity and photostability. TPA-1 can also be used for viscosity detection.


Assuntos
Corantes Fluorescentes , Queratinas , Aminas , Proteínas do Citoesqueleto , Viscosidade
18.
BMC Biotechnol ; 22(1): 11, 2022 03 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35307009

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Feathers are the most abundant agricultural waste produced by poultry farms. The accumulation of a large number of feathers not only seriously pollutes the environment but also causes the waste of protein resources. The degradation of feather waste by keratinase-producing strains is currently a promising method. Therefore, screening high-producing keratinase strains from marine environment and studying the fermentation conditions, enzymatic properties and feather degradation mechanism are crucial for efficient degradation of feathers. RESULTS: A novel efficient feather-degrading bacteria, Gxun-17, isolated from the soil sample of a marine duck farm of Beibu Gulf in Guangxi, China, was identified as Bacillus tropicus. The optimum fermentation conditions were obtained by single factor and orthogonal tests as follows: feather concentration of 15 g/L, maltose concentration of 10.0 g/L, MgSO4 concentration of 0.1 g/L, initial pH of 7.0 and temperature of 32.5 °C. The strain completely degraded the feathers within 48 h, and the highest keratinase activity was 112.57 U/mL, which was 3.18-fold that obtained with the basic medium (35.37 U/mL). Detecting the keratinase activity and the content of sulphur-containing compounds in the fermentation products showed that the degradation of feathers by the strain might be a synergistic effect of the enzyme and sulphite. The keratinase showed optimal enzyme activity at pH 7.0 and temperature of 60 °C. The keratinase had the best performance on the casein substrate. When casein was used as the substrate, the Km and Vmax values were 15.24 mg/mL and 0.01 mg/(mL·min), respectively. Mg2+, Ca2+, K+, Co2+, Al3+, phenylmethylsulphonyl fluoride and isopropanol inhibited keratinase activity, which indicated that it was a serine keratinase. Conversely, the keratinase activity strongly increased with the addition of Mn2+ and ß-mercaptoethanol. CONCLUSIONS: A novel feather-degrading B. tropicus Gxun-17 was obtained from marine environment. The strain adapted the extreme conditions such as low temperature, high salt and high pressure. Thus, the keratinase had high activity, wide range of temperature and pH, salt tolerance and other characteristics, which had potential application value.


Assuntos
Caseínas , Plumas , Animais , Bacillus , Caseínas/metabolismo , Galinhas/metabolismo , China , Plumas/química , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Queratinas/análise , Queratinas/química , Queratinas/metabolismo , Peptídeo Hidrolases/metabolismo , Temperatura
19.
Appl Microbiol Biotechnol ; 106(7): 2349-2366, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35347378

RESUMO

Keratin is a kind of natural polymer that is abundant in feathers, wool, and hair. Being one of the natural biomolecules, keratin has excellent biological activity, biocompatibility, biodegradability, favorable material mechanical properties, and natural abundance, which exhibit significant biological and biomedical application potentials. At present, the strategies commonly used for preparing keratin from hair, feathers, wool, etc. include physical, chemical, and enzymatic methods. The present article mainly reviews the structure, classification, preparation methods, and the main biological applications of keratin, and these applications cover wound healing, hemostasis, targeted release of tissue engineering drugs, and so on. It is expected to lay the foundations for its future in-depth investigations and wide applications of keratin biomaterials. KEY POINTS: • There are several pathways to prepare biologically active keratin from wool, feathers, and human hair, etc • Promoting blood coagulation by keratin is related to the adhesion and activation of platelets and the aggregation of fibrin • The biological applications of keratin, including wound healing and tissue engineering, are summarized.


Assuntos
Materiais Biocompatíveis , Queratinas , Animais , Materiais Biocompatíveis/química , Materiais Biocompatíveis/farmacologia , Humanos , Queratinas/química , Engenharia Tecidual , Lã/química , Cicatrização
20.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 5341, 2022 03 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35351975

RESUMO

Despite the increasing prevalence of Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) worldwide, there is no effective treatment available for this disease. "Ballooned hepatocyte" is a characteristic finding in NASH and is correlated with disease prognosis, but their mechanisms of action are poorly understood; furthermore, neither animal nor in vitro models of NASH have been able to adequately represent ballooned hepatocytes. Herein, we engineered cell sheets to develop a new in vitro model of ballooned hepatocytes. Primary human hepatocytes (PHH) and Hepatic stellate cells (HSC) were co-cultured to produce cell sheets, which were cultured in glucose and lipid containing medium, following which histological and functional analyses were performed. Histological findings showed hepatocyte ballooning, accumulation of fat droplets, abnormal cytokeratin arrangement, and the presence of Mallory-Denk bodies and abnormal organelles. These findings are similar to those of ballooned hepatocytes in human NASH. Functional analysis showed elevated levels of TGFß-1, SHH, and p62, but not TNF-α, IL-8. Exposure of PHH/HSC sheets to a glucolipotoxicity environment induces ballooned hepatocyte without inflammation. Moreover, fibrosis is an important mechanism underlying ballooned hepatocytes and could be the basis for the development of a new in vitro NASH model with ballooned hepatocytes.


Assuntos
Células Estreladas do Fígado , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , Animais , Células Estreladas do Fígado/patologia , Hepatócitos/patologia , Humanos , Queratinas , Macrófagos do Fígado/patologia , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/patologia
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