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1.
J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci ; 77(1): 84-93, 2022 01 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33842959

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: It is commonly argued that older adults show difficulties in standardized tasks of emotional expression perception, yet most previous works relied on classic sets of static, decontextualized, and stereotypical facial expressions. In real life, facial expressions are dynamic and embedded in a rich context, 2 key factors that may aid emotion perception. Specifically, body language provides important affective cues that may disambiguate facial movements. METHOD: We compared emotion perception of dynamic faces, bodies, and their combination in a sample of older (age 60-83, n = 126) and young (age 18-30, n = 124) adults. We used the Geneva Multimodal Emotion Portrayals set, which includes a full view of expressers' faces and bodies, displaying a diverse range of positive and negative emotions, portrayed dynamically and holistically in a nonstereotypical, unconstrained manner. Critically, we digitally manipulated the dynamic cue such that perceivers viewed isolated faces (without bodies), isolated bodies (without faces), or faces with bodies. RESULTS: Older adults showed better perception of positive and negative dynamic facial expressions, while young adults showed better perception of positive isolated dynamic bodily expressions. Importantly, emotion perception of faces with bodies was comparable across ages. DISCUSSION: Dynamic emotion perception in young and older adults may be more similar than previously assumed, especially when the task is more realistic and ecological. Our results emphasize the importance of contextualized and ecological tasks in emotion perception across ages.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento/fisiologia , Emoções/fisiologia , Reconhecimento Facial/fisiologia , Cinésica , Percepção Social , Adolescente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Expressão Facial , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
2.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 19911, 2021 10 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34620956

RESUMO

An inertial measurement unit (IMU) is an electronic device that measures and track the orientation of a body. We conducted this study in accordance with the STARD guidelines to evaluate the accuracy of IMU (index test) for measuring head posture compared to the current gold standard using a cervical range of motion (CROM) device. The reproducibility of the hunter and mirror-guided head posture was also evaluated. In vitro and in vivo tests were carried out to assess the validity of the IMU. To assess reproducibility, thirty healthy young adults were asked to look at four different locations in two different sessions while the head posture was recorded. Excellent correlation (r = 0.99; p < 0.001) was found between the IMU and CROM device with an absolute mean difference of 0.45° ± 0.58° (p = 0.85) for the in vitro test and 0.88° ± 1.20° (p = 0.99) for the in vivo test. For the reproducibility test, moderate to good correlation coefficients were found (r = 0.55 to 0.89; all p < 0.05) between the two sessions. The intraclass correlation coefficient ranged from moderate to excellent reliability (ICC from 0.74 to 0.96). These results suggest that the IMU sensors, when calibrated correctly, can be adequate to analyze head posture.


Assuntos
Cabeça , Cinésica , Postura , Humanos , Modelos Teóricos , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Posição Ortostática
3.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 18575, 2021 09 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34535699

RESUMO

Some of the behavioral disorders observed in Parkinson's disease (PD) may be related to an altered processing of social messages, including emotional expressions. Emotions conveyed by whole body movements may be difficult to generate and be detected by PD patients. The aim of the present study was to compare valence judgments of emotional whole body expressions in individuals with PD and in healthy controls matched for age, gender and education. Twenty-eight participants (13 PD patients and 15 healthy matched control participants) were asked to rate the emotional valence of short movies depicting emotional interactions between two human characters presented with the "Point Light Displays" technique. To ensure understanding of the perceived scene, participants were asked to briefly describe each of the evaluated movies. Patients' emotional valence evaluations were less intense than those of controls for both positive (p < 0.001) and negative (p < 0.001) emotional expressions, even though patients were able to correctly describe the depicted scene. Our results extend the previously observed impaired processing of emotional facial expressions to impaired processing of emotions expressed by body language. This study may support the hypothesis that PD affects the embodied simulation of emotional expression and the potentially involved mirror neuron system.


Assuntos
Emoções , Doença de Parkinson/psicologia , Idoso , Expressão Facial , Feminino , Humanos , Relações Interpessoais , Julgamento , Cinésica , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença de Parkinson/fisiopatologia
4.
Behav Brain Res ; 414: 113494, 2021 09 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34329669

RESUMO

The recognition of facial expressions has been shown to be influenced by contextual odors. The aims of this study were (1) to investigate whether odor has a similar effect on the recognition of bodily expressions, and (2) to analyze the time-course of such effects. Sixty-nine adults were randomized into three groups to identify bodily expressions (happy, fearful, and neutral) in three odor environments (pleasant odor, unpleasant odor, and no odor). Event-related potentials (ERPs) induced by the viewing bodily expressions were analyzed. Behaviorally, the unpleasant odor context promoted the recognition of bodily expressions. The ERP results showed odor influences on bodily expression recognition in two phases. In a middle stage phase (150-200 ms post-stimulus onset), VPP amplitudes induced by bodily expressions were greater in an unpleasant odor context than in a pleasant odor context. In a mid-late stage phase (beyond 200 ms), an interaction between contextual odor and bodily expression type was observed. When exposed to an unpleasant contextual odor, N2 and LPP amplitudes related to fearful bodily expressions were smaller than when exposed to other odor contexts, showing the promoting effect of mood coherence effect. Behavioral and ERP evidence confirmed that contextual odor can modulate the visual processing of bodily expressions, with an overall promoting effect of an unpleasant odor on bodily expression processing (phase one) and a specific modulating influence of odors on affectively congruent/incongruent bodily expressions (phase two).


Assuntos
Potenciais Evocados/fisiologia , Reconhecimento Facial/fisiologia , Cinésica , Percepção Olfatória/fisiologia , Prazer/fisiologia , Reconhecimento Psicológico/fisiologia , Percepção Social , Adolescente , Adulto , Eletroencefalografia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Distribuição Aleatória , Adulto Jovem
5.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 13169, 2021 06 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34162979

RESUMO

Social emotions are key to everyday social life and therefore shaped by cultural values in their expression. Prior research has focused on facial expressions of emotions. What is less clear, however, is the extent to which cultural values shape other modalities of emotional expression. In the present study, we applied a novel paradigm using depth sensor imaging technology to capture changes in participants' body posture in real time. We aimed to (1) identify the nuances in the postural expression that are thought to characterize social emotions and (2) assess how individual differences in cultural values impact the postural expression of emotions. Participants in two separate studies were 132 undergraduate college students whose upper-body postural expansion was recorded after they recalled emotion episodes. Positive emotions elevated participants' upper-body posture whereas negative emotions resulted in lowered upper-body posture. The effects on changes in upper-body posture were moderated by participants' self-ratings of the vertical and horizontal dimensions of individualism and collectivism. The findings provide initial evidence of the nuances in the way cultural values influence the postural expression of emotions.


Assuntos
Características Culturais , Autoavaliação Diagnóstica , Emoções Manifestas , Cinésica , Valores Sociais , Sistemas Computacionais , Feminino , Marcha , Felicidade , Humanos , Masculino , Postura , Vergonha , Adulto Jovem
6.
J Sport Exerc Psychol ; 43(2): 140-154, 2021 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33730693

RESUMO

Nonverbal behavior (NVB) plays an important role in sports. However, it has been difficult to measure, as no coding schemes exist to objectively measure NVB in sports. Therefore, the authors adapted the Body Action and Posture Coding System to the context of soccer penalties, validated it, and initially used this system (Nonverbal Behavior Coding System for Soccer Penalties [NBCSP]) to explore NVB in penalties. Study 1 demonstrated that the NBCSP had good to excellent intercoder reliability regarding the occurrence and temporal precision of NVBs. It also showed that the coding system could differentiate certain postures and behaviors as a function of emotional valence (i.e., positive vs. negative emotional states). Study 2 identified differences in NVB for successful and missed shots in a sample of penalties (time spent looking toward the goal, toward the ground, right arm movement, and how upright the body posture was). The authors discuss the utility of the coding system for different sport contexts.


Assuntos
Expressão Facial , Cinésica , Comunicação não Verbal , Futebol/classificação , Adulto , Humanos , Masculino , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Adulto Jovem
7.
PLoS One ; 16(2): e0245960, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33566838

RESUMO

Interpersonal skills require mastering a wide range of competencies such as communication and adaptation to different situations. Effective training includes the use of videos in which role models perform the desired behaviours such that trainees can learn through behavioural mimicry. However, new technologies allow new ways of designing training. In the present study, given that virtual reality is emerging as a valuable training setting, we compare two different demonstration conditions within virtual reality by investigating the extent to which the use of doppelgangers as role models can boost trainees' interpersonal skills development as compared to a role model that does not resemble the trainees. We also assess trainees' level of self-efficacy and gender as potential moderators in this relationship. Participants delivered a speech in front of a virtual audience twice. Before delivering their second speech, they watched a role model giving a speech in front of the same audience. The role model was either their doppelganger or an avatar of the same gender depending on the condition they were randomly assigned to. Results showed that the doppelganger-based training was the most beneficial for male trainees low in self-efficacy. These findings have important implications for training design, suggesting that doppelganger-based training might be effective only for a specific subset of trainees.


Assuntos
Aprendizagem , Habilidades Sociais , Realidade Virtual , Feminino , Humanos , Cinésica , Masculino
8.
Curr Opin Neurobiol ; 68: 91-106, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33582455

RESUMO

Integration of social cues to initiate adaptive emotional and behavioral responses is a fundamental aspect of animal and human behavior. In humans, social communication includes prominent nonverbal components, such as social touch, gestures and facial expressions. Comparative studies investigating the neural basis of social communication in rodents has historically been centered on olfactory signals and vocalizations, with relatively less focus on non-verbal social cues. Here, we outline two exciting research directions: First, we will review recent observations pointing to a role of social facial expressions in rodents. Second, we will review observations that point to a role of 'non-canonical' rodent body language: body posture signals beyond stereotyped displays in aggressive and sexual behavior. In both sections, we will outline how social neuroscience can build on recent advances in machine learning, robotics and micro-engineering to push these research directions forward towards a holistic systems neurobiology of rodent body language.


Assuntos
Cinésica , Roedores , Animais , Comunicação , Emoções , Expressão Facial
9.
J Exp Child Psychol ; 204: 105068, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33434707

RESUMO

Effective emotion recognition is imperative to successfully navigating social situations. Research suggests differing developmental trajectories for the recognition of bodily and vocal emotion, but emotions are usually studied in isolation and rarely considered as multimodal stimuli in the literature. When adults are presented with basic multimodal sensory stimuli, the Colavita effect suggests that they have a visual dominance, whereas more recent research finds that an auditory sensory dominance may be present in children under 8 years of age. However, it is not currently known whether this phenomenon holds for more complex multimodal social stimuli. Here we presented children and adults with multimodal social stimuli consisting of emotional bodies and voices, asking them to recognize the emotion in one modality while ignoring the other. We found that adults can perform this task with no detrimental effects on performance regardless of whether the ignored emotion was congruent or not. However, children find it extremely challenging to recognize bodily emotion while trying to ignore incongruent vocal emotional information. In several instances, they performed below chance level, indicating that the auditory modality actively informs their choice of bodily emotion. Therefore, this is the first evidence, to our knowledge, of an auditory dominance in children when presented with emotionally meaningful stimuli.


Assuntos
Viés de Atenção , Emoções , Cinésica , Reconhecimento Psicológico , Voz , Estimulação Acústica , Adolescente , Adulto , Percepção Auditiva , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estimulação Luminosa , Adulto Jovem
10.
Anesthesiology ; 134(1): 103-110, 2021 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33108442

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Uncovering patients' biases toward characteristics of anesthesiologists may inform ways to improve the patient-anesthesiologist relationship. The authors previously demonstrated that patients prefer anesthesiologists displaying confident body language, but did not detect a sex bias. The effect of anesthesiologists' age on patient perceptions has not been studied. In this follow-up study, it was hypothesized that patients would prefer older-appearing anesthesiologists over younger-appearing anesthesiologists and male over female anesthesiologists. METHODS: Three hundred adult, English-speaking patients were recruited in the Preanesthesia Evaluation and Testing Center. Patients were randomized (150 per group) to view a set of four videos in random order. Each 90-s video featured an older female, older male, younger female, or younger male anesthesiologist reciting the same script describing general anesthesia. Patients ranked each anesthesiologist on confidence, intelligence, and likelihood of choosing the anesthesiologist to care for their family member. Patients also chose the one anesthesiologist who seemed most like a leader. RESULTS: Three hundred patients watched the videos and completed the questionnaire. Among patients younger than age 65 yr, the older anesthesiologists had greater odds of being ranked more confident (odds ratio, 1.92; 95% CI, 1.41 to 2.64; P < 0.001) and more intelligent (odds ratio, 2.24; 95% CI, 1.62 to 3.11; P < 0.001), and had greater odds of being considered a leader (odds ratio, 2.62; 95% CI, 1.72 to 4.00; P < 0.001) when compared with younger anesthesiologists. The preference for older anesthesiologists was not observed in patients age 65 and older. Female anesthesiologists had greater odds of being ranked more confident (odds ratio, 1.46; 95% CI, 1.13 to 1.87; P = 0.003) and more likely to be chosen to care for one's family member (odds ratio, 1.80; 95% CI, 1.40 to 2.31; P < 0.001) compared with male anesthesiologists. The ranking preference for female anesthesiologists on these two measures was observed among white patients and not among nonwhite patients. CONCLUSIONS: Patients preferred older anesthesiologists on the measures of confidence, intelligence, and leadership. Patients also preferred female anesthesiologists on the measures of confidence and likelihood of choosing the anesthesiologist to care for one's family member.


Assuntos
Anestesiologistas , Competência Clínica , Pacientes , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anestesia Geral , Atitude , Feminino , Humanos , Inteligência , Cinésica , Liderança , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores Sexuais , Gravação em Vídeo , Adulto Jovem
11.
Emotion ; 21(3): 557-568, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31971411

RESUMO

The social context-seeing people emotionally interacting-is one of the most common contexts in which emotion perception occurs. Despite its importance, emotion perception of social interactions from a 3rd-person perspective is poorly understood. Here we investigated whether emotion recognition of fear and anger is facilitated by mere congruency (the contextual figure exhibits the same emotion as the target) or by functional relations (the contextual figure exhibits a complementary emotion to the target). Furthermore, we examined which expression channel, face or body, drives social context effects. In the 1st 2 experiments (Studies 1a and 1b), participants in an online survey platform (N = 146) or university students (N = 34), viewed interacting figures displaying fear or anger, presented either as faces, bodies, or both. Participants were instructed to categorize the target figure's emotions while the other figure served as context. Results showed that fear recognition was facilitated by an interacting angry figure more strongly than by an interacting fearful figure. Moreover, this effect occurred when participants viewed the figures' bodies (with or without the faces), but not when they viewed the figures' faces alone. A 3rd online experiment (Study 2) established that this context effect was stronger when participants (N = 464) watched the figures interacting (facing each other) than when figures were not interacting (facing away from each other), suggesting that social context influences emotion perception by revealing the interactants' relation. Our findings demonstrate that emotional perception is grounded in the broader process of social interaction and highlight the role of the body in interpersonal context effects. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Emoções/fisiologia , Expressão Facial , Cinésica , Reconhecimento Psicológico/fisiologia , Interação Social/ética , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino
12.
Psychol Res ; 85(6): 2326-2339, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32920675

RESUMO

Bodily postures are essential to correctly comprehend others' emotions and intentions. Nonetheless, very few studies focused on the pattern of eye movements implicated in the recognition of emotional body language (EBL), demonstrating significant differences in relation to different emotions. A yet unanswered question regards the presence of the "left-gaze bias" (i.e. the tendency to look first, to make more fixations and to spend more looking time on the left side of centrally presented stimuli) while scanning bodies. Hence, the present study aims at exploring both the presence of a left-gaze bias and the modulation of EBL visual exploration mechanisms, by investigating the fixation patterns (number of fixations and latency of the first fixation) of participants while judging the emotional intensity of static bodily postures (Angry, Happy and Neutral, without head). While results on the latency of first fixations demonstrate for the first time the presence of the left-gaze bias while scanning bodies, suggesting that it could be related to the stronger expressiveness of the left hand (from the observer's point of view), results on fixations' number only partially fulfil our hypothesis. Moreover, an opposite viewing pattern between Angry and Happy bodily postures is showed. In sum, the present results, by integrating the spatial and temporal dimension of gaze exploration patterns, shed new light on EBL visual exploration mechanisms.


Assuntos
Emoções , Tecnologia de Rastreamento Ocular , Ira , Movimentos Oculares , Expressão Facial , Fixação Ocular , Humanos , Cinésica
14.
J Exp Child Psychol ; 204: 104943, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33360276

RESUMO

Children aged about 5 years can use verbal and nonverbal cues to determine social power. However, it is not clear what kinds of nonverbal cues preschoolers can use and whether they can integrate each nonverbal cue with verbal content when determining social power. Therefore, this research examined the ability of Chinese preschoolers to use and integrate visual, auditory, and verbal cues when determining social power as well as how this ability develops with age. In Study 1 (N = 478), 4- to 6-year-old Chinese children were recruited to judge the social power in visual, auditory, content, visual-auditory, visual-content, auditory-content, visual-auditory-content, and neutral cues. The results showed that 4-year-olds could not use any cues, 5-year-olds could not use content cues, and 6-year-olds could use all the cues. Children's performance improved with increasing age and the number of channels. Study 2 (N = 240) investigated whether speech tempo influences children's performance when using content cues. The results showed that 5- and 6-year-olds, but not 4-year-olds, could use content cues to determine social power under normal and slow tempos. Study 3 (N = 80) was conducted to clarify which visual cues 5- and 6-year-olds can use and the age difference. The results revealed that 5- and 6-year-olds could use head, eye, posture, and mixed cues to determine social power, whereas their performance was steady for both 5- and 6-year-olds. In sum, the results show that Chinese children aged about 5 years are already able to use and integrate visual, auditory, and content cues when determining social power. Moreover, the ability to determine social power is gradually improved with age during the preschool period.


Assuntos
Desenvolvimento Infantil , Sinais (Psicologia) , Poder Psicológico , Predomínio Social , Fala , Comportamento Verbal , Estimulação Acústica , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China , Feminino , Humanos , Cinésica , Masculino , Estimulação Luminosa , Postura
15.
Psychiatr Danub ; 33(Suppl 4): 1048-1057, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35354170

RESUMO

Since it is generally known that the human body is the best image of the human soul, this paper aims to explain how important body language is when diagnosing psychiatric diagnosis "depression". It is important to point out the importance of other alternative approaches in the treatment of depression when standard psychopharmacotherapy is not enough. Body language is a powerful form of non-verbal communication that provides important traces of intentions, emotions, and motivations in other people. In everyday life, we collect information about what people think and feel by their body posture, manners, and gestures. Evaluations of clinical depression are traditionally based on verbal information. However, non-verbal expressive behavior, related to reflexive feedback of a person, may reveal negative emotional or social processes that are not fully controlled by patients therapy, along with other artistic therapies (art therapy, drama therapy, and music therapy are other artistic therapies that are applied in Great Britain) offers an attractive opportunity for patients because it enables them to work on those issues that are placed on non-verbal and pre-verbal level. Creative psychofarmacotherapy is the concept that involves creativity as its main means. In this context, the importance of physical activity and body movements will be emphasized in the treatment of depression, when regular psychopharmacotherapy is not sufficient. To conclude, the patient has the right to actively take part in creating a therapeutic relationship and responsibly contributes to overcoming psychopathology. The importance of physical activities and body movements is emphasized in the treatment of depressive people. Studies have shown that the anti-depressive effect of physical activity is increased with simultaneous use of antidepressants, as well as that movement therapy and music therapy, together with regular pharmacotherapeutic methods, help with fast recovery and that they can be used in a creative approach to problem-solving.


Assuntos
Terapia pela Arte , Criatividade , Exercício Físico , Humanos , Cinésica , Motivação
16.
J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad ; 33(4): 628-633, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35124921

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nonverbal communication constitutes significant proportion of human communication besides spoken words. This study explored teacher's perceptions about impact of kinesics (facial expressions, gestures, head movements and postures) on undergraduate medical education within a classroom setting. METHODS: A survey-based exploratory research was carried out from July-August 2020. Medical teachers from two private dental colleges of Islamabad were included in the sampling frame. The survey questions were validated and approved by all authors before execution. Frequencies and percentages of closed-ended questions were calculated while thematic analysis for open-ended questions was done by all authors to get consensus on themes, hence ensuring analytical triangulation. RESULTS: Forty-six teachers responded to the survey. The most frequently shown facial expressions were 'happiness and enthusiasm' (76.1%) creating friendly, conducive, and motivating learning environment. 'Smile' was considered powerful communicative signal (95.7%) whereas 'anger' was thought to be communication barrier leading to stressful and demotivating learning environment. Neutral expressions were considered helpful to maintain class decorum. 'OK sign with raised thumb' (50%) was found helpful to develop special teacher-student connection and 'head nod' (84.8%) was encouraging students to continue giving answers. Standing posture (81%) exhibited teacher's commitment towards teaching and produced active learning environment. CONCLUSIONS: Teachers should start lecture with welcoming facial expressions, i.e., smile to build rapport with students. Anger should be avoided as it demotivates students by making learning environment stressful. We need to train faculty regarding effective use of nonverbal communication strategies to improve student's learning experience and to create positive learning environment.


Assuntos
Educação de Graduação em Medicina , Estudantes de Medicina , Docentes , Humanos , Cinésica , Estudantes , Inquéritos e Questionários
17.
Conexões (Campinas, Online) ; 19: e0210019, 2021.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1343769

RESUMO

Objetivo: Neste artigo, discuto a relação entre a linguagem e o corpo na Educação Corporal. Método: Para tanto, analiso os escritos de Ricardo Crisorio, da Universidade de La Plata (Argentina), e Raumar Rodríguez Giménez, da Universidade da República (Uruguai), considerados como os dois mais importantes representantes daquela orientação em seus países. Resultados: Após oferecer uma descrição de suas perspectivas, reflito sobre dificuldades e desafios que a acometem. Considerações Finais: Com isto, tenho a oportunidade também de discutir outra compreensão a respeito da relação entre a linguagem e o corpo na Educação Física.


Objective: In this paper, I discuss the relationship between language and the body in Corporal Education. Method: In order to do that, I analyze the works by Ricardo Crisorio, from La Plata University (Argentina), and Raumar Rodríguez Giménez, from Republic University (Uruguay), considered the two most important representatives of this theoretical orientation in their countries. Results: After describing the authors' theoretical perspectives, I reflect on the difficulties and challenges faced by this orientation. Final considerations: Opportunely, I discuss another understanding about the relationship between language and the body in Physical Education.


Objetivo: En este artículo, discuto la relación entre el lenguaje y el cuerpo en la Educación Corporal. Método: Para esto, analizo los escritos de Ricardo Crisorio, de la Universidad de La Plata (Argentina), y Raumar Rodríguez Giménez, de la Universidad de la República (Uruguay), considerados como los dos más importantes representantes de estaorientación en sus países. Resultados: Después de ofrecer una descripción de sus perspectivas, reflexiono sobre sus dificultades y desafíos. Consideraciones finales: Yo tengo, entonces, la oportunidad para discutir otra comprensión alrespeto de la relación entre el lenguaje y el cuerpo en la Educación Física.


Assuntos
Educação Física e Treinamento , Corpo Humano , Compreensão , Educação , Cinésica
18.
Conexões (Campinas, Online) ; 19: e021020, 2021.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1343770

RESUMO

Objetivo: La Tertulia dialógico corporal como metodología de trabajo en el aula de Educación Física es el objeto del artículo. Método: Apoyándonos en las bases del aprendizaje dialógico puesto en acción en las Comunidades de Aprendizaje y sus actuaciones de éxito, hemos creado una adaptación de la tertulia utilizada en ellas para acercar el cuerpo a los niños y niñas de la enseñanza básica, desde posiciones reflexivas y críticas, ayudándoles a construir su corporeidad con el otro desde una perspectiva social. Resultados: Una vez analizadas las bases que sustentan la propuesta, exponemos sus principios y las fases que la desarrollan, analizando posteriormente los aspectos claves de una experiencia llevada a la práctica de aula, desde el análisis de los discursos que niños y niñas construyen en el marco de la tertulia dialógico corporal. Consideraciones finales: Por último, entendemos importante que la educación Física se abra al diálogo y salga de los modelos directivos que la colonizan.


Objetivo: Discussão Corporal Dialógica como metodologia de trabalho na sala de aula de Educação Física é o tema deste artigo. Método: Com base nos fundamentos da aprendizagem dialógica colocada em ação nas Comunidades de Aprendizagem e suas ações bem sucedidas, criamos uma adaptação do talk show utilizado nelas para aproximar o corpo das crianças da educação básica, a partir de posições reflexivas e críticas, ajudando-as a construir sua corporeidade com o outro a partir de uma perspectiva social. Resultados: Uma vez analisadas as bases que sustentam a proposta, explicaremos seus fundamentos e as fases que a desenvolvem, analisando posteriormente os aspectos-chave de uma experiência realizada em sala de aula, a partir da análise dos discursos que as crianças constroem no âmbito da discussão do diálogo corporal. Considerações Finais: Por último, entendemos importante que a Educação Física se abra ao diálogo e questione os modelos diretivos que a colonizam.


Objective: The Body Dialogical Gathering as a working methodology in the Physical Education classroom is the object of the article. Method: Relying on the basis of dialogical learning put into action in the Learning Communities and their successful performances, we have created an adaptation of the discussion group used in them to bring the body closer to the children of basic education, from reflective and critical positions, helping them to build their corporeality with the other from a social perspective. Results: Once analyzed the bases that sustain the proposal, we expose its bases and the phases that develop it, analyzing later the key aspects of an experience taken to the practice of classroom, from the analysis of the speeches that children construct in the frame of the corporal dialogic tertulia. Final considerations: Finally, we understand that Physical education teachers may dialogue and leave the directive models that colonize it.


Assuntos
Educação Física e Treinamento , Ensino , Educação , Criança , Corpo Humano , Ensino Fundamental e Médio , Metodologia , Cinésica , Aprendizagem
19.
Conexões (Campinas, Online) ; 19: e021021, 2021.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1343771

RESUMO

Objetivo: Apresentar as contribuições da Semiótica para a Educação Física escolar. Método: Para tal, sintetiza os fundamentos das três correntes desta ciência da linguagem (estruturalismo, semiótica da cultura, pansemiótica). Resultados e conclusões: A partir delas indica possíveis inferências, relações e repercussões para a Educação Física Escolar, entendida como prática de linguagem e como comunicação.


Objective: To present contributions from Semiotics to School Physical Education. Method: To this end, it synthesizes the foundations of the three currents of this science of language (structuralism, semiotics of culture, pansemiotics). Results and conclusions: Finally, from these currents, indicates possible inferences, relationships and repercussions for School Physical Education, understood as a practice of language and communication.


Objetivo: Es presentar contribuciones de Semiótica a Educación Física escolar. Método: Para ello, sintetiza los fundamentos de las tres corrientes de esta ciencia del lenguaje (estruturalismo, semiótica cultural, pansemiótica). Resultados y conclusiones: y a partir de ellas señala posibles inferencias, relaciones y repercusiones para la Educación Física Escolar, entendida como práctica del lenguaje y como comunicación.


Assuntos
Educação Física e Treinamento , Criança , Educação , Metodologia , Cinésica , Ciência , Comunicação , Cultura
20.
Conexões (Campinas, Online) ; 19: e021022, 2021.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1343772

RESUMO

Introdução: Onde se situaria o lugar da palavra no mundo linguístico? O artigo ensaia passos que acompanham o movimento das ideias de Merleau-Ponty (1908-1961), considerando a fenomenologia da percepção,a estesiologiae a fabricação de uma ontologia indireta para afirmar o lugar do corpo na linguagem e na expressão. Objetivo: O objetivo principal é apresentar as relações entre corpo e linguagem como integrantes de uma filosofia expressiva por meio do corpo estesiológico, da intercorporeidade e do logos estético. Método: Trata-se de uma estudo filosófico de textos de Merleau-Ponty tais como livros, resumos de cursos proferidos no Collège de Francee notas de trabalho, no período de 1942 a 1961. Resultados: Assim, podemos afirmar com Merleau-Ponty que a linguagem não é uma vestimenta do pensamento; bem como podemos perceber um significante corpóreo ou uma quase-corporeidade da palavra. Considerações Finais: A leitura desses textos nos convida a ensaiar movimentos em direção a uma linguagem falante que convoca o outrem e que configura um logos estético capaz de expressar, de inventar, de abrir horizontes para a vida e para o conhecimento.


Introduction: Where would the word be located in the linguistic world? The article rehearses steps that accompany the movement of Merleau-Ponty's ideas (1908-1961), considering the phenomenology of perception, esthesiology and the fabrication of an indirect ontology to affirm the body's place in language and expression. Objective: The main objective is to present the relations between body and language as part of an expressive philosophy through the esthological body, intercorporeality and aesthetic logos.Method: It isa philosophical study of Merleau-Ponty texts such as books, summaries of courses given at the Collège de France and work notes, from 1942 to 1961. Results: Thus, we can say with Merleau-Ponty that language is not a garment of thought; as well as we can perceive a corporeal signifier or a quasi-corporeality of the word. Final considerations: The reading of these texts invites us to rehearse movements towards a speaking language that summons others and that configures an aesthetic logos capable of expressing, inventing, opening horizons for life and knowledge.


Introducción: ¿Dónde estaría ubicada la palabra en el mundo lingüístico? El artículo ensaya los pasos que acompañan el movimiento de las ideas de Merleau-Ponty (1908-1961), considerando la fenomenología de la percepción, la estesiología y la fabricación de una ontología indirecta para afirmar el lugar del cuerpo en el lenguaje y la expresión. Objetivo: El objetivo principal es presentar las relaciones entre cuerpo y lenguaje como parte de una filosofía expresiva a través del cuerpo estológico, la intercorporalidad y los logotipos estéticos. Método: Se trata de un estudio filosófico de textos de Merleau-Ponty como libros, resúmenes de cursos impartidos en el Collège de France y apuntes de trabajo, desde 1942 hasta 1961. Resultados: Así, podemos decir con Merleau-Ponty que el lenguaje no es una prenda de pensamiento; así como podemos percibir un significante corpóreo o una cuasi corporeidad de la palabra. Consideraciones finales: La lectura de estos textos invita a ensayar movimientos hacia un lenguaje hablante que convoca a otros y que configura un logos estético capaz de expresar, inventar, abrir horizontes a la vida y al conocimiento.


Assuntos
Filosofia , Educação Física e Treinamento , Conhecimento , Cinésica , Percepção , Pensamento , Estética , Linguística
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