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1.
Environ Pollut ; 302: 119062, 2022 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35231537

RESUMO

Lead is a metal that exists naturally in the Earth's crust and is a ubiquitous environmental contaminant. The alleviation of lead toxicity is important to keep human health under lead exposure. Biosynthesized selenium nanoparticle (SeNPs) and selenium-enriched Lactobacillus rhamnosus SHA113 (Se-LRS) were developed in this study, and their potentials in alleviating lead-induced injury to the liver and intestinal tract were evaluated in mice by oral administration for 4 weeks. As results, oral intake of lead acetate (150 mg/kg body weight per day) caused more than 50 times and 100 times lead accumulation in blood and the liver, respectively. Liver function was seriously damaged by the lead exposure, which is indicated as the significantly increased lipid accumulation in the liver, enhanced markers of liver function injury in serum, and occurrence of oxidative stress in liver tissues. Serious injury in intestinal tract was also found under lead exposure, as shown by the decrease of intestinal microbiota diversity and occurrence of oxidative stress. Except the lead content in blood and the liver were lowered by 52% and 58%, respectively, oral administration of Se-LRS protected all the other lead-induced injury markers to the normal level. By the comparison with the effects of normal L. rhamnosus SHA113 and the SeNPs isolated from Se-LRS, high protective effects of Se-LRS can be explained as the extremely high efficiency to promote lead excretion via feces by forming insoluble mixture. These findings illustrate the developed selenium-enriched L. rhamnosus can efficiently protect the liver and intestinal tract from injury by lead.


Assuntos
Enteropatias , Lactobacillus rhamnosus , Selênio , Animais , Chumbo/toxicidade , Fígado , Camundongos , Selênio/farmacologia
2.
Nutrients ; 14(15)2022 Aug 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35956350

RESUMO

Dietary intake of fermented soymilk is associated with hypotensive effects, but the mechanisms involved have not been fully elucidated. We investigated the anti-hypertensive effects of soymilk fermented by L. rhamnosus AC1 on DOCA-salt hypertension from the point of view of oxidative stress, inflammatory response and alteration of the gut microbiome. The antioxidant assays in vitro indicated the ethanol extract (EE) of L. rhamnosus AC1 fermented soymilk showed better antioxidative effects than the water extract (WE). Those extracts displayed a hypotensive effect using a tail-cuff approach to measuring blood pressure and improved nitric oxide (NO), angiotensin II (Ang II), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin factor-6 (IL-6) on DOCA-salt hypertensive rats. Furthermore, cardiac and renal fibrosis were attenuated by those extracts. The gut microbiota analysis revealed that they significantly reduced the abundance of phylum Proteobacteria, its family Enterobacteriaceae and genus Escherichia-Shigella. Moreover, metabolomic profiling revealed several potential gut microbiota-related metabolites which appeared to involve in the development and recovery of hypertension. In conclusion, fermented soymilk is a promising nutritional intervention strategy to improve hypertension via reducing inflammation and reverting dysbiotic microbiota.


Assuntos
Acetato de Desoxicorticosterona , Hipertensão , Lactobacillus rhamnosus , Acetatos/farmacologia , Animais , Anti-Hipertensivos/farmacologia , Pressão Sanguínea , Desoxicorticosterona , Acetato de Desoxicorticosterona/farmacologia , Ratos
3.
Benef Microbes ; 13(3): 253-264, 2022 Aug 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35786408

RESUMO

The microbiota-gut-brain axis is important in anxiety-depressive disorders. These conditions are associated with dysbiosis of the intestinal microbiota, intestinal hyperpermeability and an increase in circulating markers of inflammation and oxidative stress. They are also associated with a deregulation of the glutamine-glutamate-γ-aminobutyric acid cycle, with impairment of the excitatory/inhibitory balance in the brain. Our aim was to examine the impact of chronic treatment with the probiotic organism Lacticaseibacillus rhamnosus GG, alone or in combination with glutamine and curcumin, in a validated model of anxiety-depressive disorder in mice. Six-month-old mice (n=144) were exposed to chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) stimulation for 3 weeks and emotional disturbances were assessed using two tests assessing anxiety (elevated plus maze test) and depressive-like behaviour (tail suspension test). After discontinuation of CUMS, mice were force-fed once-daily with curcumin, glutamine and probiotic alone or in combination for 21 consecutive days. Emotional reactivity was assessed in two separate behavioural tests: open field test and forced swim test. The outcomes of the interventions were compared with those induced by acute intraperitoneal administration of clomipramine, one of the major tricyclic antidepressants used in humans. Two independent sets of experiment were performed in this study, in order to evaluate the effects of two different formulations based on the utilisation of the probiotic L. rhamnosus GG in its live or inactivated form. CUMS led to an impairment of the emotional state of 6-month-old mice. However, chronic treatment with a combination of glutamine, curcumin and L. rhamnosus GG rescued the anxiety and depressive-like phenotype with an efficiency similar to clomipramine. A synergistic effect of the three compounds was observed, suggesting that simultaneous action on different targets is a relevant approach for the management of anxiety-depressive disorders.


Assuntos
Curcumina , Transtorno Depressivo , Lactobacillus rhamnosus , Probióticos , Animais , Clomipramina , Curcumina/farmacologia , Depressão/tratamento farmacológico , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Glutamina , Humanos , Lactente , Camundongos , Estresse Psicológico/tratamento farmacológico , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia
4.
J Agric Food Chem ; 70(30): 9399-9411, 2022 Aug 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35881537

RESUMO

Vegetable oils with varying saturated fat levels were inoculated with Lacticaseibacillus rhamnosus GG (LGG), subjected to different heat treatments in the absence and presence of inulin and stored for 12 months at room temperature. After storage, the heat-treated probiotics actively grew to high concentrations after removal of the oils and reculturing. The bacterial samples, regardless of aerobic or anaerobic conditions and treatment methods, showed no changes in their growth behavior. The random amplified polymorphic DNA-polymerase chain reaction, antimicrobial, morphology, and motility tests also showed no major differences. Samples of LGG treated with a higher antioxidant content (Gal400) showed reduced inflammatory and anti-inflammatory properties. These findings have been confirmed by metabolite and genome sequencing studies, indicating that Gal400 showed lower concentrations and secretion percentages and the highest number of single nucleotide polymorphisms. We have shown proof of concept that LGG can be stored in oil with minimum impact on probiotic in vitro viability.


Assuntos
Lactobacillus rhamnosus , Probióticos , Inulina , Óleos Vegetais , Temperatura
5.
Gene ; 840: 146743, 2022 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35868412

RESUMO

Lacticaseibacillus paracasei INIA P272 and Lacticaseibacillus rhamnosus INIA P344, isolated from breast-fed infants, are two promising bacterial strains for their use in functional foods according to their demonstrated probiotic and technological characteristics. To better understand their probiotic characteristics and evaluate their safety, here we report the draft genome sequences of both strains as well as the analysis of their genetical content. The draft genomes of L. paracasei INIA P272 and L. rhamnosus INIA P344 comprise 3.01 and 3.26 Mb, a total of 2994 and 3166 genes and a GC content of 46.27 % and 46.56 %, respectively. Genomic safety was assessed following the EFSA guidelines: the identification of both strains was confirmed through Average Nucleotide Identity, and the absence of virulence, pathogenic and antibiotic resistance genes was demonstrated. The genome stability analysis revealed the presence of plasmids and phage regions in both genomes, however, CRISPR sequences and other mechanisms to fight against phage infections were encoded. The probiotic abilities of both strains were supported by the presence of genes for the synthesis of SCFA, genes involved in resistance to acid and bile salts or a thiamine production cluster. Moreover, the encoded exopolysaccharide biosynthesis genes could provide additional protection against the deleterious gastrointestinal conditions, besides which, playing a key role in adherence and coaggregation of pathogenic bacteria together with the high number of adhesion proteins and domains encoded by both genomes. Additionally, the bacteriocin cluster genes found in both strains, could provide an advantageous ability to compete against pathogenic bacteria. This genomic study supports the probiotic characteristics described previously for these two strains and satisfies the safety requirements to be used in food products.


Assuntos
Lactobacillus rhamnosus , Probióticos , Antibacterianos , Aderência Bacteriana , Humanos , Lactente , Lactobacillus rhamnosus/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
6.
BMC Pulm Med ; 22(1): 287, 2022 Jul 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35902830

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Relationships between gut microbiomes and airway immunity have been established in murine and human studies of allergy and asthma. Early life Lactobacillus supplementation alters the composition and metabolic productivity of the gut microbiome. However, little is known of how Lactobacillus supplementation impacts the gut microbiota in children with cystic fibrosis (CF) and whether specific microbiota states that arise following gut microbiome manipulation relate to pulmonary outcomes. METHODS: Stool samples were collected from CF patients enrolled in a multi-center, double-blind, randomized placebo-controlled trial of daily Lactobacillus rhamnosus strain GG (LGG) probiotic supplementation over a 12-month period. Fecal 16S rRNA biomarker sequencing was used to profile fecal bacterial microbiota and analyses were performed in QiiME. RESULTS: Bifidobacteria-dominated fecal microbiota were more likely to arise in LGG-treated children with CF (P = 0.04). Children with Bifidobacteria-dominated gut microbiota had a reduced rate of pulmonary exacerbations (IRR = 0.55; 95% CI 0.25 to 0.82; P = 0.01), improved pulmonary function (+ 20.00% of predicted value FEV1; 95% CI 8.05 to 31.92; P = 0.001), lower intestinal inflammation (Calprotectin; Coef = - 16.53 µg g-1 feces; 95% CI - 26.80 to - 6.26; P = 0.002) and required fewer antibiotics (IRR = 0.43; 95% CI 0.22 to 0.69; P = 0.04) compared to children with Bacteroides-dominated microbiota who were less likely to have received LGG. CONCLUSIONS: The majority of pediatric CF patients in this study possessed a Bacteroides- or Bifidobacteria-dominated gut microbiota. Bifidobacteria-dominated gut microbiota were more likely to be associated with LGG-supplementation and with better clinical outcomes.


Assuntos
Fibrose Cística , Lactobacillus rhamnosus , Probióticos , Animais , Bifidobacterium/genética , Criança , Fibrose Cística/complicações , Humanos , Lactobacillus/genética , Lactobacillus rhamnosus/genética , Camundongos , Probióticos/uso terapêutico , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética
7.
Nutrients ; 14(13)2022 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35807868

RESUMO

The evaluation of probiotics' efficacy in treating irritable bowel syndrome is supported by an increasing number of clinical studies based on a heterogeneous approach of products tested and the patient cohort involved. Although the role of gut microbiota dysbiosis in IBS pathogenesis and the beneficial contribution of probiotics were demonstrated, a tool to discriminate symptom-specific strains and a personalised medicine protocol are still lacking. Thus, this study employs, for the first time, a method that combines the preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analysis and multi-criteria decision analysis methods in a structured decision-making tool to analyze the efficacy of probiotic mix, in order to identify the most effective formulation and to discriminate which probiotics are more efficient in treating different symptoms. The PRISMA methodology resulted in a qualitative and quantitative analysis of 104 clinical studies from 2011 to 2021, revealing a prevalence of Lactobacillus rhamnosus, Lactobacillus acidophilus, and Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactis. MCDA analysis showed that formulations based on Lactobacillus rhamnosus and Lactobacillus acidophilus have the highest efficacy, especially on quality of life, bloating, and abdominal pain. This methodological approach could become more specific by modelling clinical studies according to the age and gender of patients and probiotic strain.


Assuntos
Bifidobacterium animalis , Síndrome do Intestino Irritável , Lactobacillus rhamnosus , Probióticos , Técnicas de Apoio para a Decisão , Humanos , Síndrome do Intestino Irritável/tratamento farmacológico , Lactobacillus acidophilus , Probióticos/uso terapêutico , Qualidade de Vida
8.
Biomed Res Int ; 2022: 7607470, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35782061

RESUMO

Objective: This study is aimed at investigating the effect of probiotic Lactobacillus rhamnosus on esophageal cancer in vivo and in vitro. Methods and Results: In this study, the cytotoxicity effects of L. rhamnosus supernatant and whole-cell culture on a cancer cell line (Kyse30) compared to 5fu were evaluated by the MTT assay. The real-time PCR method was used to analyse the L. rhamnosus supernatant effect on the expression of Wnt signaling pathway genes. An in vivo investigation in nude mice was done to assess the anti-tumor activity of L. rhamnosus supernatant and whole-cell culture. Both supernatant and whole-cell culture of L. rhamnosus reduced cell survival (Kyse30) P < 0.001. The supernatant of this bacterium significantly reduced the expression of Wnt signaling pathway genes. Administration of supernatant and whole-cell culture of L. rhamnosus expressively reduced tumor growth compared to the control group. The effects of this bacterium on tumor necrosis were quite evident, pathologically P < 0.01. Conclusion: This study is the first report that assessed the potential impact of L. rhamnosus, especially its supernatant on esophageal cancer and Wnt signaling pathway genes. Therefore, this bacterium can be a harmless candidate for esophageal cancer therapy.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Esofágicas , Lactobacillus rhamnosus , Probióticos , Animais , Neoplasias Esofágicas/genética , Neoplasias Esofágicas/terapia , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , Probióticos/metabolismo , Probióticos/farmacologia , Probióticos/uso terapêutico , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real
10.
Food Res Int ; 158: 111518, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35840226

RESUMO

The literature considers children both a risk group for administering probiotic strains and one of the populations that can most benefit from it. Due to the health benefits associated to probiotic supplementation, this scope review sought to formulate a critical evaluation of how Lacticaseibacillus rhamnosus GG, carried in food and non-food matrices, and experimental design may affect the health promotion of infants and children. In this study, a literature search was conducted in three scientific databases: PubMed, Web of Science, and SciELO to retrieve research, published in English or Spanish, which administered L. rhamnosus GG to infants and children with any disease or in eutrophic condition. Three reviewers with an expert supervision screened 540 articles, published between 2001 and 2022, which were retrieved from the databases. The data extracted was compiled and shown in this scoping review. In total, was included, after criteria observation, 44 articles in this review. Intestinal disorders were the most frequent outcome in these studies (36.4%) and capsules, the most common vehicle for administering the probiotic strain (40.9%). Probiotic strain dose ranged from 105 to 1012 cfu/dose of L. rhamnosus GG and intervention length extended from one to more than 6 months. Food matrix showed health effects in 57.1% of the clinical trials and non-food matrix 46.7%, which indicates that the health-promoting effect of the probiotic GG strain may be equivalent between the two forms of delivery. However, the highly heterogeneous experimental designs prevent further analysis and a systematic review and meta-analysis is recommended to address just the outcomes of studies and achieve data homogeneity in order to determine which vehicle is the most suitable for health promoting.


Assuntos
Lactobacillus rhamnosus , Probióticos , Cápsulas , Criança , Saúde da Criança , Promoção da Saúde , Humanos , Lactente , Probióticos/uso terapêutico
11.
Zebrafish ; 19(3): 81-93, 2022 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35704897

RESUMO

Accumulating researches suggest that the microbiota reside in the gastrointestinal system can influence neurodevelopment of brain and programming of behaviors. However, the mechanism underlining the relationship between shoals' behaviors and intestinal microbiota remain controversial and the roles of responsible neurotransmitters are still unclear. Here we show that shoaling behavior affected the color preference of shoals, indicating that shoals tended to choose a favorable color environment that benefited social contact. Meanwhile, administration of the selective D1-R antagonist, SCH23390, could disrupt the social interaction that led to the deficits of color preference in shoals. More importantly, the altered microbiota caused by an antibiotic oxytetracycline (OTC) exposure decreased the sociability and weakened shoals' preference for all color combinations. When given a supplementation of Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG after OTC exposure, fish maintained the same capability of social cohesion and color preference as normal fish. Our results support a role for dopamine in shaping the color preference in shoals. Our findings show that dopamine level of brain could mediate both social recognition and color preference, and offer a possibility that the production of dopamine is coordinated through gut microbiota.


Assuntos
Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Lactobacillus rhamnosus , Animais , Dopamina , Comportamento Social , Interação Social , Peixe-Zebra
12.
Front Immunol ; 13: 889646, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35769469

RESUMO

Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP) is a liver disease of pregnancy that is characterized by increased bile acid levels in maternal serum. Studies have shown that cholestatic pregnancy can result in long-term metabolic disturbances in the offspring. However, how ICP shapes the offspring's immunity and predisposition to inflammatory disorders at an early stage is unknown. In this study, we investigated the effect of maternal cholestasis on neonatal offspring metabolism and immune function. We compared 71 neonates with ICP mothers and 63 neonates with healthy mothers and found that the incidence of jaundice and infection was significantly higher in ICP offspring. Maternal serum total bile acid level was associated with blood cell counts in full-term ICP offspring. In animal experiments, a compensatory activation of hepatic and ileal farnesoid X receptor (FXR) and altered gut microbiota in the first week were found in ICP offspring. We also investigated lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammatory responses in neonatal rats and found that ICP offspring were more susceptible to inflammation. To understand the correlation between congenital abnormal FXR activation and tissue immunity dysregulation, we assessed the effects of the FXR agonist GW4064 and FXR antagonist E/Z-GS in ICP offspring after LPS exposure. The expression of several pro-inflammatory cytokines significantly decreased after treatment with E/Z-GS but increased after treatment with GW4064. Treatment with the probiotic Lactobacillus rhamnosus LRX01 that inhibits FXR expression in the ileum reduced susceptibility to LPS exposure in ICP offspring. The current study indicated that cholestatic pregnancy may increase the susceptibility of the offspring to inflammation by altering bile acid metabolism and gut microbiota at an early stage. We suggest that supplementation with Lactobacillus rhamnosus LRX01, which inhibits FXR expression in the ileum, may improve intestinal immunity in ICP offspring.


Assuntos
Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Lactobacillus rhamnosus , Animais , Ácidos e Sais Biliares , Colestase Intra-Hepática , Feminino , Inflamação , Lipopolissacarídeos , Gravidez , Complicações na Gravidez , Ratos , Receptores Citoplasmáticos e Nucleares
13.
PLoS One ; 17(6): e0267778, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35675229

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Studies suggest that bioactive compounds such as probiotics may positively influence psychological health. This study aimed to determine whether supplementation with the probiotic Lacticaseibacillus rhamnosus HN001 reduced stress and improve psychological wellbeing in university students sitting examinations. METHODS: In this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study, 483 undergraduate students received either the probiotic L. rhamnosus HN001, or placebo, daily during a university semester. Students completed measures of stress, anxiety, and psychological wellbeing at baseline and post-intervention before examinations. Mann Whitney U tests compared the change in psychological outcomes between groups. RESULTS: Of the 483 students, 391 (81.0%) completed the post-intervention questions. There was no significant difference between the probiotic and placebo supplemented groups in psychological health outcomes. The COVID19 pandemic restrictions may have influenced the typical trajectory of stress leading up to examinations. CONCLUSION: We found no evidence of significant benefit of probiotics on the psychological health of university students. These findings highlight the challenges of conducting probiotic trials in human populations where the potential for contextual factors such as COVID19 response, and participant adherence to the intervention may influence results.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Lactobacillus rhamnosus , Probióticos , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Suplementos Nutricionais , Método Duplo-Cego , Humanos , Lactobacillus rhamnosus/fisiologia , Probióticos/uso terapêutico , Estudantes
14.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 3192, 2022 06 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35680868

RESUMO

Intestinal microbiota dysbiosis can initiate overgrowth of commensal Candida species - a major predisposing factor for disseminated candidiasis. Commensal bacteria such as Lactobacillus rhamnosus can antagonize Candida albicans pathogenicity. Here, we investigate the interplay between C. albicans, L. rhamnosus, and intestinal epithelial cells by integrating transcriptional and metabolic profiling, and reverse genetics. Untargeted metabolomics and in silico modelling indicate that intestinal epithelial cells foster bacterial growth metabolically, leading to bacterial production of antivirulence compounds. In addition, bacterial growth modifies the metabolic environment, including removal of C. albicans' favoured nutrient sources. This is accompanied by transcriptional and metabolic changes in C. albicans, including altered expression of virulence-related genes. Our results indicate that intestinal colonization with bacteria can antagonize C. albicans by reshaping the metabolic environment, forcing metabolic adaptations that reduce fungal pathogenicity.


Assuntos
Candidíase , Lactobacillus rhamnosus , Candida , Candida albicans , Candidíase/microbiologia , Virulência
15.
BMJ Case Rep ; 15(6)2022 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35764338

RESUMO

A man in his 60s presented to the emergency room with fever and fatigue after a 2.5-month course of corticosteroids. His medical history was significant for bioprosthetic aortic valve replacement and moderately severe ulcerative colitis treated with balsalazide and daily lactobacillus-containing probiotics. Initial investigations revealed Lactobacillus rhamnosus bacteraemia without complication. Four days after hospital discharge, the patient experienced acute-onset right-sided paraesthesia and lower-limb paresis. On return to the emergency room, MRI of the brain demonstrated innumerable ring-enhancing lesions with haemorrhagic transformation. Transoesophageal echocardiogram revealed a small mobile density on the bioprosthetic aortic valve, raising the suspicion for L. rhamnosus infective endocarditis with secondary septic emboli to the brain. The patient was subsequently treated with intravenous gentamycin and ampicillin, with transition to indefinite oral amoxicillin suppressive therapy. The current case highlights the potential risk of lactobacilli translocation in an immunosuppressed patient with ulcerative colitis taking probiotics.


Assuntos
Colite Ulcerativa , Endocardite , Lactobacillus rhamnosus , Probióticos , Sepse , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Colite Ulcerativa/tratamento farmacológico , Endocardite/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Masculino , Probióticos/efeitos adversos , Sepse/complicações
16.
J Proteomics ; 265: 104663, 2022 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35738527

RESUMO

Lactobacillus rhamnosus can metabolize selenite into organic selenium and Se0. In this paper, label-free quantitative proteomics was applied to explore the mechanism of salt stress promoting selenium enrichment of L.rhamnosus. 397 proteins were up-regulated and 147 proteins were down-regulated of selenium-enriched L.rhamnosus under salt stress. The differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) were mainly involved in metabolism, membrane transport and genetic information processing. The results of quantitative real-time PCR showed that gene opuA, metN, trxR and ldh of Se-enriched L.rhamnosus with salt stress were significantly up-regulated. However, the expression levels of gene luxS, groEL, dnaK and pgk were down-regulated. It was indicated that L.rhamnosus promoted part of amino acids combining with selenium into selenoamino acids with salt stress. Secondly, sodium chloride stimulated the expression of key enzymes involved in metabolism to provide energy for the process of Se-enrichment. In addition, NaCl induced the expression of enzymes and genes involved in the synthesis of selenoproteins. SIGNIFICANCE: It was indicated that L.rhamnosus promoted part of amino acids combining with selenium into selenoamino acids with salt stress. Secondly, sodium chloride stimulated the expression of key enzymes involved in metabolism to provide energy for the process of Se-enrichment. In addition, NaCl induced the expression of enzymes and genes involved in the synthesis of selenoproteins.


Assuntos
Lactobacillus rhamnosus , Selênio , Aminoácidos , Lactobacillus rhamnosus/genética , Lactobacillus rhamnosus/metabolismo , Proteômica/métodos , Estresse Salino , Selênio/farmacologia , Selenoproteínas , Cloreto de Sódio
17.
ACS Appl Bio Mater ; 5(6): 2543-2548, 2022 Jun 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35609302

RESUMO

Gold (Au) nanoclusters chemically synthesized on the cell surface of living Lactobacillus rhamnosus rendered them photoluminescent. Importantly, the bacteria were viable and the clusters were passed down the generations with the loss of luminescence in the first subculture onward. The clusters were agglomerated into spherical structures of 100-200 nm, without being converted to plasmonic Au nanoparticles, on the cell surfaces of the bacteria of all six subcultures studied. The results indicated the role of cell wall remodeling in transforming the Au nanoclusters into larger aggregates down the generations. This may hold important implications for using nanoparticle-studded bacteria in theranostics.


Assuntos
Lactobacillus rhamnosus , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Bactérias , Ouro/química , Luminescência , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química
18.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 213: 11-18, 2022 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35561862

RESUMO

Propionylated potato starch (PPS) with different degrees of substitution (DS) was prepared from native potato starch (NPS) and their potential to encapsulate Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG (LGG) was analyzed. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) showed a characteristic peak of propionyl groups, which appeared at 1746 cm-1, demonstrating that propionylation occurred. X-ray diffraction (XRD) results revealed that the characteristic diffraction peak intensity of PPS gradually disappeared with the increasing of the DS, which was related to the loss of the ordered crystalline structure of starch granules. Propionylation resulted in the starch to be more thermally stable than its native starch. Furthermore, the propionylated starch had a higher resistance to digestion and hydrophobicity. More importantly, the micro-capsulated LGG derived from propionylated starch could achieve a maximum embedding efficiency of 87.77% at starch DS = 1.54, and also demonstrated a higher resistance to a strong acidic condition and a greater storage stability at 4 °C. This study may highlight a novel approach for probiotic encapsulation using propionylated potato starch as an encapsulant.


Assuntos
Lactobacillus rhamnosus , Probióticos , Bactérias , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Amido/química , Difração de Raios X
19.
Food Funct ; 13(10): 5667-5679, 2022 May 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35510410

RESUMO

Clostridioides difficile infection (CDI) is a common nosocomial infection and is an urgent threat to public health. Vancomycin is the preferred antibiotic treatment for CDI but is associated with recurrence. Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG is an adjunctive treatment for gastroenteritis and diarrhea and exerts its effects by modulating the immune responses and repairing the intestinal barrier. This study explored the effect of LGG on restoring the intestinal microbiota in mouse models. Primary and recurrent CDI models were constructed, and LGG was administered to C57BL/6 mice. Structural changes in the mouse gut microbiota were determined using 16S rRNA gene analysis based on Illumina sequencing. In the CDI model, 6 days after infection, 33.3% mortality, significant weight loss and colonic injury were observed. LGG can ameliorate these events. In the R-CDI mouse model, vancomycin combined with LGG prevented weight loss, improved the histopathological scores, and effectively reduced the mortality. LGG + vancomycin administration promoted the recovery of the intestinal flora by inhibiting Enterococcus and counteracting the side effects of vancomycin treatment. In both the preventive and therapeutic CDI mouse models, the oral LGG strain showed the ability to protect against primary and recurrent infections, indicating that probiotics have potential for treating intestinal diseases. Overall, these observations suggest that LGG can be applied as a preventive treatment for CDI or in combination with antibiotics to reduce recurrence.


Assuntos
Infecções por Clostridium , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Lactobacillus rhamnosus , Probióticos , Animais , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Infecções por Clostridium/tratamento farmacológico , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Lactobacillus rhamnosus/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Probióticos/uso terapêutico , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , RNA Ribossômico 16S/metabolismo , Vancomicina/metabolismo , Vancomicina/farmacologia , Redução de Peso
20.
Food Chem ; 389: 132999, 2022 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35552127

RESUMO

Heat shock and hygroscopicity are two main factors that resulted in low viability of probiotics in spray-dried microcapsules during storage. Hydrophobic polyester shellac was combined with whey protein isolate (WPI) to solve this problem. The results suggested that although the survival rate after drying decreased from 20.63% to 0.01% with increased shellac to WPI ratio, the 1:1 shellac-WPI provided the best protection among all samples during storage. The consistence between moisture-adsorption-isotherm and bacterial inactivation constants confirmed the moisture barrier effect of shellac under moderate humidity. Single-droplet drying and differential scanning calorimeter revealed that shellac addition reduced the drying rate and glass transition temperature of microcapsules, which in turn decreased the membrane integrity and growth capability of the probiotics after drying. This study revealed the dual effect of hydrophobic material on instant and long-term survival of spray-dried probiotic microcapsules, which provided new sight to the design of composite wall materials.


Assuntos
Lactobacillus rhamnosus , Probióticos , Cápsulas , Viabilidade Microbiana , Probióticos/química , Resinas Vegetais
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