Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 11.059
Filtrar
1.
Sci Total Environ ; 803: 150044, 2022 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34525696

RESUMO

A typhoon is extreme weather that flushes terrestrial carbon (C) loads and temporally mixes the entire water columns of lakes in subtropical regions. A C flux varies based on the trophic level associated with the ecological cycle related to hydraulic retention time (residence time). Herein, we sought to clarify how the hydraulic retention time and the disturbance from a typhoon affect the C flux regimes in two subtropical mountain lakes in a humid region of Taiwan with different trophic levels-oligotrophic and mesotrophic. We investigated the meteorological data and vertical profiles of the water temperature, dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC), dissolved organic C (DOC), and chlorophyll a (Chl. a) during the pre-typhoon period (April-July), during the typhoon period (August-November), and the post-typhoon period (December-March) for five years (2009-2010 and 2015-2017). We applied a three-dimensional environmental model (Fantom) to investigate the hydraulic retention effect on the net ecosystem production (NEP) using the residence time in stratified lakes. The results demonstrate that typhoon-induced mixing associated with the hydraulic retention effect plays one of the critical roles in controlling the NEP and C flux in shallow subtropical lakes.


Assuntos
Tempestades Ciclônicas , Lagos , Carbono , Ciclo do Carbono , Clorofila A , Ecossistema
2.
Sci Total Environ ; 803: 150093, 2022 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34525740

RESUMO

The interaction of lake water (LW) and shallow groundwater (SGW) accelerates nitrogen (N) loss from the soil profile in the lakeshore cropland, and cropland buffer zone (CBZ) significantly inhibits N loss in this area. Here, characteristics of N loss and transformations driven by SGW and LW interactions were explored using microcosmic experiments, and N loss was estimated using in situ monitoring data before and after the construction of the CBZ along the west bank of Erhai Lake. The results indicated that NO3--N, dissolved organic N and total dissolved N sustained the main N losses in the soil, and the organic N was responsible for the main N loss in the effluent. The lower total nitrogen (TN) concentrations of SGW in this area, the greater the soil N loss. Moreover, N total loss from the 100 cm soil profile in the control check was 1.8 times that in the simulated SGW treatment. We found that nitrification, denitrification and anammox driven by the microbial community and N functional genes were the key processes leading to N loss. The effluent N (3.64%) and gaseous N (0.32%) loss ratios in the cropland for continuously growing vegetables (CGV) were much higher than that in the CBZ (1.07% of effluent N and 0.25% of gaseous N loss ratios). If a 100 m wide and 48 km long area of lakeshore cropland is CGV, an increase by 47% is projected by 2030 compared with the N loss in 2020. But this region was built as a 100 m wide CBZ or 50 m wide CBZ + 50 m wide CGV after 2019, N loss will be reduced by 87% and 44% in 2030 compared with the N loss in CGV. The results implied that restoring a suitable width of CBZ can significantly reduce N loss.


Assuntos
Água Subterrânea , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Produtos Agrícolas , Lagos , Nitratos/análise , Nitrogênio/análise , Solo , Água , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
3.
J Environ Manage ; 301: 113900, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34638041

RESUMO

This paper introduces a new framework to evaluate the resilience of lakes under climatic and anthropogenic droughts. The proposed hierarchical structure of criteria for assessing lake's resilience has four levels. The first level includes several indices such as long-term resilience, reliability, and implementation cost. In the second to fourth levels, four main resilience-based criteria (i.e. robustness, resourcefulness, redundancy, and rapidity) and some qualitative and quantitative sub-criteria are defined considering the factors affecting the ecological condition of lakes. To quantify the time series of the sub-criteria, a coupled SWAT-MODSIM-based simulation model has been applied. Also, the values of criteria and sub-criteria have been aggregated using the Evidential Reasoning (ER) approach. After estimating the annual resilience time series, three resilience indices, namely the recovery time (Tr), loss of resilience (LOR), and final resilience (Resf), have been calculated. The normalized values of these indices and reliability criteria have been aggregated to evaluate the overall performance of lake restoration scenarios. To show the applicability of the proposed methodology, the Zarrinehrud river basin and Lake Urmia have been selected as the case study. As one of the largest hypersaline lakes globally, Lake Urmia suffers from drastic changes in its water body and a high level of salinization. Also, the Zarrinehrud river basin, located in the southeastern of Urmia Lake, is the most significant sub-basin of the lake and is responsible for supplying 41% of the total annual inflow of the lake. The restoration scenarios of Lake Urmia have been assessed from 2019 to 2049. Eventually, the most effective scenario, which has an average overall performance of 0.72, the implementation cost of 17.1 million dollars, and the uncertainty band of 0.05, has been selected.


Assuntos
Secas , Lagos , Monitoramento Ambiental , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Rios , Incerteza
4.
Environ Pollut ; 292(Pt B): 118395, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34687778

RESUMO

In this study, the organ distribution and exposure risk from dietary intake of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs) were investigated for lotus collected from Ya-er Lake, a lake in Hubei Province, Central China that was historically polluted by the chlor-alkali industry. The highest concentrations of PCDD/Fs were found in the main and fibrous lotus roots, with mean values of 48.9 ± 90.1 pg/g and 94.6 ± 143 pg/g, respectively. In all the investigated samples, Octa-CDD (OCDD) and Octa-CDF (OCDF) were the predominant congeners, at 26% and 17% of Σ17 PCDD/Fs, respectively, followed by 1,2,3,4,6,7,8-HpCDF (9%). The distribution ratios of PCDD/Fs in adjacent lotus organs indicated that PCDD/Fs accumulated easily in edible organs, such as lotus seeds, membrane and leaves. The WHO-TEQ in the edible lotus organs and the probable daily intake (PDI) of lotus products by residents were calculated: the toxic equivalents in the lotus fruit parts reached a mean of 2 pg WHO-TEQ2005/g dw, and the mean weekly intake of lotus products for adolescents living around Ya-er Lake was 2.3 pg WHO-TEQ/kg bw/week. These results suggested that long-term consumption of lotus products from Ya-er Lake presents a health hazard to residents.


Assuntos
Benzofuranos , Dioxinas , Bifenilos Policlorados , Dibenzodioxinas Policloradas , Álcalis , China , Dibenzofuranos , Dibenzofuranos Policlorados , Ingestão de Alimentos , Lagos
5.
Environ Pollut ; 292(Pt B): 118443, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34728323

RESUMO

Although cyanobacteria blooms lead to an increase in methane (CH4) emissions in eutrophic lakes have been intensively studied, the methane production pathways and driving mechanisms of the associated CH4 emissions are still unclear. In this study, the hypereutrophic Lake Taihu, which has extreme cyanobacteria accumulation, was selected to test hypothesis of a potential methylotrophic CH4 production pathway. Field observation displayed that the CH4 emission flux from the area with cyanobacteria accumulation was 867.01 µg m-2·min-1, much higher than the flux of 3.44 µg m-2·min-1 in the non-cyanobacteria accumulation area. The corresponding abundance of methane-producing archaea (MPA) in the cyanobacteria-concentrated area was 77.33% higher than that in the non-concentrated area via RT-qPCR technologies. Synchronously, sediments from these areas were incubated in anaerobic bottles, and results exhibited the high CH4 emission potential of the cyanobacteria concentrated area versus the non-concentrated area (1199.26 vs. 205.76 µmol/L) and more active biological processes (CO2 emission, 2072.8 vs. -714.62 µmol/L). We also found evidence for the methylotrophic methane producing pathway, which contributed to the high CH4 emission flux from the cyanobacteria accumulation area. Firstly, cyanobacteria decomposition provided the prerequisite of abundant methyl thioether substances, including DMS, DMDS, and DMTS. Results showed that the content of methyl thioethers increased with the biomass of cyanobacteria, and the released DMS, DMDS, and DMTS was up to 96.35, 3.22 and 13.61 µg/L, respectively, in the highly concentrated 25000 g/cm3 cyanobacteria treatment. Then, cyanobacteria decomposition created anaerobic microenvironments (DO 0.06 mg/L and Eh -304.8Mv) for methylotrophic methane production. Lastly, the relative abundance of Methanosarcinales was increased from 7.67% at the initial stage to 36.02% at the final stage within a sediment treatment with 10 mmol/L N(CH3)3. Quantitatively, the proportion of the methylotrophic methane production pathway was as high as 32.58%. This finding is crucial for accurately evaluating the methane emission flux, and evaluating future management strategies of eutrophic lakes.


Assuntos
Cianobactérias , Lagos , Archaea , Metano
6.
Environ Pollut ; 292(Pt B): 118459, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34740732

RESUMO

Fish community manipulation and regulation has been largely overlooked as a mitigation strategy for restoring submerged aquatic vegetation (SAV) in shallow lakes of the middle and lower Yangtze River Basin (MLYRB). An in-situ fish exclusion experiment and a large-scale lake manipulation were conducted to test the hypothesis that the reasonable removal of benthivorous and herbivorous fish would facilitate the restoration and reconstruction of SAV in shallow lakes within the MLYRB. The in-situ exclusion experiment was conducted from April to October in 2017. Electrofishing was used to remove benthivorous and herbivorous fish from the exclosures. SAV were then artificially planted in the same pattern and density in both exclosures and adjacent open sites, and responses were measured for seven consecutive months. The mean percent coverage and biomass of SAV in the exclosures increased quickly and remained significantly higher than those in open sites over the duration of the experiment. Water quality also improved as turbidity, chlorophyll-a, total phosphorus and total nitrogen in the exclosures remained significantly lower than those in the open sites. After the in-situ experiment, a larger scale manipulation of fish in the entire submerged macrophyte zone (SMZ) was implemented from 2017 to 2020. After removing more than 2/3 of the benthivorous and herbivorous fish biomass by October 2020 in the SMZ, both the species richness and spatial coverage of SAV increased from 2 to 9 and from 1.7% to 32.2%, respectively. Our results provided clear evidence that fish are strong regulators of SAV productivity and that their reasonable removal facilitates ecological recovery. Therefore, we propose that fish community manipulation as implemented in this study be given more attention in addition to the reduction of external nutrient loading when designing projects to restore SAV in shallow lakes of the MLYRB.


Assuntos
Ecossistema , Lagos , Animais , Clorofila A , Peixes , Fósforo
7.
Environ Pollut ; 292(Pt B): 118471, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34774673

RESUMO

Sediment phosphorus (P) release and retention are important in controlling whole-system P dynamics and budget in eutrophic lakes. Here we combine short- (seasonal) and long-term (years to decades) studies to quantify the internal P loading and P release potential in the sediments of Lake Chaohu and explore their controlling mechanisms. In the west region of the lake, short-term P diffusive fluxes ranged from 0.2 mg/m2·d-1 to 6.69 mg/m2·d-1 (averaged 2.76 mg/m2·d-1) and long-term net P release ranged from 2.25 mg/m2·d-1 to 8.94 mg/m2·d-1 (averaged 5.34 mg/m2·d-1); in the east region, short-term P diffusive fluxes varied from 0.73 mg/m2·d-1 to 1.76 mg/m2·d-1 (averaged 1.05 mg/m2·d-1) and long-term P release ranged from 0.13 mg/m2·d-1 to 4.15 mg/m2·d-1 (averaged 1.3 mg/m2·d-1). Both short- and long-term P releases were in the same order of magnitudes as the external P inputs (3.56 mg/m2·d-1). Comparison of the long-term and short-term sediment P release indicates that while the high summer P release in the east might only represent a snapshot value, the sediments in the west contribute to large P release for years or even decades, impeding water quality recovery under lake management. Mobilization of surface sediment legacy P accounted for 81% of short-term P release. The long-term release was dominated by remobilization of iron bond P (BD-P) (average 52.1%) at all sites, while Aluminium-bound P (NaOH-rP) exhibited partly reactive and potentially mobile, releasing P to the water column in most sites in the west. Our study demonstrates the importance of sediments as P sources in lake Chaohu. The combination of short- and long-term P release studies can help understand the roles of sediments in regulating the water quality and eutrophication.


Assuntos
Lagos , Poluentes Químicos da Água , China , Monitoramento Ambiental , Eutrofização , Sedimentos Geológicos , Fósforo/análise , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
8.
Chemosphere ; 287(Pt 1): 131910, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34454220

RESUMO

Contaminants of Emerging Concern (CECs) in natural water pose risks to ecosystems. The concentration of CECs varies spatially and temporally, and their estimated ecotoxicities differ widely by toxicological studies. This study extensively reviewed literature on ecological risk assessment and proposed a probabilistic framework for assessing ecological risk and its uncertainties (aleatory and epistemic). The framework integrated Adverse Outcome Pathway in risk assessment and was applied to a Canadian lake system for seven CECs: salicylic acid, acetaminophen, caffeine, carbamazepine, ibuprofen, drospirenone, and sulfamethoxazole. Altogether 264 water samples were collected and analyzed from 15 sites May 2016 to September 2017. Phytoplankton, zooplankton, and fish were also sampled and analyzed. The results show ecological risk estimates (Risk Quotient, RQ) varied considerably indicating a range of uncertainty. Based on the conservative estimate, the central tendency estimate of the ecological risk of mixture compounds was medium (RQ = 0.6) including drospirenone. However, the reasonably maximum estimate of the risk was high (RQ = 1.4) for mixture compounds including drospirenone. The high risk is primarily due to drospirenone as its individual risk was high (RQ = 1.1) to fish. The specific site and time of high drospirenone exposure was identified for implementing control measures. Classification of ecotoxicity values based on environmental parameters such as climate and water quality, can reduce uncertainty in the risk estimate.


Assuntos
Lagos , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Animais , Canadá , Ecossistema , Monitoramento Ambiental , Medição de Risco , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade
9.
J Environ Manage ; 301: 113805, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34731957

RESUMO

The consequences of protected areas for proximal human communities are diverse. Protected areas can alleviate poverty by providing a range of economic opportunities for people that live and work within them. Equally, however, they may also disempower and disposes local communities. For communities adapting to systemic environmental change, proximity to protected areas can act to limit potential adaptive pathways. Here, we employ social science methods to explore the impact of an internationally significant protected area on adjacent communities in the Tonle Sap Lake basin, Cambodia. Semi-structured interviews, informed by a scenario framework, reveal an awareness of declining fish yields and a perceived lack of economic alternatives. Vulnerability to hydroclimatic extremes, particularly storms, flood, drought and - increasingly - fire, are exacerbated as a result of proximity to the protected area. We conclude that the impact of protected areas on local communities is heterogenous, and that the development of adaptive and effective management policies requires sensitivity to local conditions and impacts.


Assuntos
Inundações , Lagos , Aclimatação , Animais , Camboja , Peixes
10.
Sci Total Environ ; 802: 149620, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34461474

RESUMO

Triggered by the adoption of the Water Framework Directive, a variety of fish-based systems were developed throughout Europe to assess the ecological status of lakes. This paper provides a comprehensive overview of all existing systems and summarizes sampling methods, fish community traits (metrics) and the relevant anthropogenic pressures assessed by them. Twenty-one European countries developed fish-based assessment systems. Three countries each developed two distinct systems to approach different ecoregions, either to use different data, or to assess different lake types leading to a total number of 24 systems. The most common approach for the setting of reference conditions, used in seventeen systems, was the utilisation of fish communities in comparably undisturbed natural lakes as reference. Eleven used expert judgment, nine historical data and eight modelled relationships. Fourteen systems combined at least two approaches. The most common fish sampling method was a standardized fishing procedure with multimesh-gillnets. Many countries applied combinations of fishing methods, e.g. non-standard gillnets, fyke nets and electrofishing. Altogether 177 metrics were used for index development and each system combined 2-13 metrics. The most common ones were total standardized catches of number and biomass, relative abundance of Perca fluviatilis, Rutilus rutilus, and Abramis brama, feeding preferences, sensitive species, and non-natives. The pressure-response-relationships for these metrics were supported with both correlations established during system development and scientific publications. However, the metrics and their combinations were highly diverse and no metric was applied universally. Our analysis reveals that most fish-based assessment systems address multiple pressures (eutrophication, hydromorphological alterations, fishery pressure and occurrence of non-natives), whilst few are pressure-specific, tackling only eutrophication or acidification. We argue that the value of fish-based systems for lakes lies in their capacity to capture the effect of many different pressures and their interactions which is lacking for most assessment systems based on other biota.


Assuntos
Lagos , Percas , Animais , Ecossistema , Monitoramento Ambiental , Eutrofização , Pesqueiros , Peixes
11.
Sci Total Environ ; 802: 149879, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34464801

RESUMO

Elevated nitrogen (N) concentration in shallow groundwater is becoming increasingly problematic, putting water resources under pressure. For more effective management of such a resource, more precise predictors of N level in groundwater using smart monitoring networks are needed. However, external factors such as land use type, rainfall, and N loads from multiple sources (residential and agricultural) make it difficult to accurately predict the spatial and temporal variations of N concentration. In order to identify the key factors affecting spatial and temporal N concentration in shallow groundwater and develop a predictive model, 635 groundwater samples from drinking wells in residential areas and agricultural wells in croplands of a typical agricultural watershed in the Erhai Lake Basin, southwest China, in the period from 2018 to 2020, were collected and analyzed. The results showed that the type of land use and seasonal variations significantly affected the N forms and their concentrations in the shallow groundwater, as the ratios of ON and NO3--N to TN were 30%-39% and 52%-59% for the two land uses and 25%-44% and 46%-66% for seasonal changes. Their variations were reflected by electrical conductivity (EC) and redox environment. EC and dissolved oxygen (DO) had a positive non-linear relationship with the concentrations of total nitrogen (TN) and nitrate (NO3--N). The fitted non-linear quantitative models were established separately to predict TN and NO3--N concentrations in groundwater using easily available indictors (EC and DO). The high accuracy and performance of the models were investigated and approved by rRMSE, MAE, and 1:1 line. These findings can provide technical support for the rapid prediction and evaluation of N pollution in shallow groundwater through easily available indicators.


Assuntos
Água Subterrânea , Poluentes Químicos da Água , China , Condutividade Elétrica , Monitoramento Ambiental , Lagos , Nitratos/análise , Oxigênio , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
12.
Sci Total Environ ; 802: 149928, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34464806

RESUMO

Climate change in recent decades led to the remarkable expansions for most lakes in endorheic basins of the Tibetan Plateau (TP). Enlarged lake inundation areas may pose adverse effects and potential threats on the local human living environment, especially for high-risk villages adjacent to rapidly expanding lakes. Taking a rapidly expanding lake, Angzi Co in the central TP as a study case, we investigated the flooding risk of lake growth on the local living environment and proposed an optimized solution of village relocation selection on the basis of satellite and unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) remote sensing. The detection of spatiotemporal variations of Angzi Co using optical and altimetric satellite observations revealed a significant area and water level increase by 81.28 km2 and 5.78 m, respectively, from 2000 to 2020. We also assessed the vertical accuracy of multi-source digital elevation model (DEM) products using Ice, Cloud, and Land Elevation Satellite-2 (ICESat-2) altimetry data and further examined the flooding risk and potential influences of lake expansion on adjacent settlements (Guozha Village). Results indicated that UAV-DEM achieves excellent advantages in depicting details of lake shoreline variations and simulating potential submergence regions, followed by Advanced Land Observing Satellite World 3D DEM (AW3D DEM). Moreover, assuming that Angzi Co maintains the water level at a growth rate of 0.29 m/a (the average change rate during 2000-2020), the village will be submerged in approximate 10 years based on our assessment. Furthermore, we designed an optimal relocation site southwest of Guozha Village and approximately 3 km away based on the GIS-MVDA method and field investigations. An initial remote sensing-based approach for assessing the flooding risk from dramatic lake expansions in the TP and optimizing the village relocation site was proposed in this study to provide an essential scientific reference for formulating risk mitigation solutions under future climate change scenarios.


Assuntos
Lagos , Tecnologia de Sensoriamento Remoto , Mudança Climática , Inundações , Humanos , Tibet
13.
Chemosphere ; 286(Pt 3): 131785, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34399264

RESUMO

Quantifying methylmercury (MeHg) concentrations and uptake at the base of the food web is useful for assessing mercury exposure risk to higher trophic level organisms. Higher MeHg concentrations near the base of the food web may result in more MeHg exposure and accumulation in higher trophic organisms. Here, we analyze MeHg in caddisflies, mayflies, lake water, and sediment collected from two temperate lakes and one brook in Kejimkujik National Park, Nova Scotia, Canada. Overall, caddisfly larvae MeHg (15.38-276.96 ng/g; n = 29) was not significantly correlated with water chemistry. Whereas mayfly naiads MeHg (14.28-166.82 ng/g; n = 31) was positively correlated with water MeHg (rs = 0.43), negatively correlated with pH (rs = -0.49), and positively correlated with dissolved organic carbon (DOC; rs = 0.48). Of the mercury in insect tissues, the %MeHg ranged from 56 to 75 % in caddisfly larvae and 38-47 % in mayfly naiads. MeHg bioaccumulation factors (BAF) varied greatly (water to tissue BAFs = 0.145 × 106-1.054 × 106; sediment to tissue BAFs = 0.017 × 106-0.541 × 106). This study highlights the importance of quantifying variations in MeHg bioaccumulation and BAFs of common aquatic insect bioindicators at the base of complex food webs.


Assuntos
Ephemeroptera , Mercúrio , Compostos de Metilmercúrio , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Animais , Monitoramento Ambiental , Peixes , Cadeia Alimentar , Insetos , Lagos , Mercúrio/análise , Nova Escócia , Água , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
14.
Chemosphere ; 286(Pt 2): 131806, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34426137

RESUMO

Microplastics, as defined here as plastics with a diameter of <5 mm, can impose severely detrimental impacts on the environment and can now be commonly found in different water bodies. To date, the status of microplastics in limnic systems, which have different hydrologic systems compared to other water bodies such as oceans or rivers, has rarely been reviewed. In the present study, the microplastic pollutants in different countries and regions were comparatively investigated in terms of their abundances, morphologies, and polymer types in the water and sediments of lakes. The concentration and characteristics of microplastics were found to be largely different across countries and regions, which was related to the local development level and economic structure. The migration paths of microplastics in the inner and external limnic ecosystems further revealed the causes for the regional divergence in microplastics. Policy developments in different countries and regions were also discussed to highlight the urgency of better controlling microplastic pollution in lake systems. The characteristics of microplastics vary across countries and regions, depending on the local development level and economic structure.


Assuntos
Microplásticos , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Ecossistema , Monitoramento Ambiental , Sedimentos Geológicos , Lagos , Plásticos , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
15.
Sci Total Environ ; 803: 149805, 2022 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34492494

RESUMO

Accurate, high spatial and temporal resolution water quality monitoring in inland waters is vital for environmental management. However, water quality monitoring in inland waters by satellite remote sensing remains challenging due to low signal-to-noise ratios (SNRs) and instrumental resolution limitations. We propose the concept of proximal remote sensing for monitoring water quality. The proximal hyperspectral imager, developed by Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) and Hikvision Digital Technology, Ltd., is a high spatial, temporal and spectral resolution (1 nm) sensor for continuous observation, allowing for effective and practical long-term monitoring of inland water quality. In this study, machine learning and empirical algorithms were developed and validated using in situ total nitrogen (TN), total phosphorus (TP), chemical oxygen demand (COD) concentrations and spectral reflectance from Lake Taihu (N = 171), the Liangxi River (N = 94) and the Fuchunjiang Reservoir (N = 109) covering different water quality. Our dataset includes a large range for three key water quality parameters of TN from 0.93 to 6.46 mg/L, TP from 0.04 to 0.62 mg/L, and COD from 1.32 to 15.41 mg/L. Overall, the back-propagation (BP) neural network model had an accuracy of over 80% for TN (R2 = 0.84, RMSE = 0.33 mg/L, and MRE = 11.4%) and over 90% for TP (R2 = 0.93, RMSE = 0.02 mg/L, and MRE = 12.4%) and COD (R2 = 0.91, RMSE = 0.66 mg/L, and MRE = 9.3%). Our results show that proximal remote sensing combined with machine learning algorithms has great potential for monitoring water quality in inland waters.


Assuntos
Tecnologia de Sensoriamento Remoto , Qualidade da Água , Monitoramento Ambiental , Lagos , Rios
16.
Sci Total Environ ; 803: 150057, 2022 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34500269

RESUMO

Black carbon (BC), characterized by high aromaticity and stability, has been recognized as a substantial fraction of the carbon pool in soil and sediment. The effect of BC on the particulate organic carbon (POC) pool in lake water, which is an important medium of carbon transmission and transformation, has not been thoroughly studied. The investigations of BC composition and distribution, POC, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), and stable carbon and nitrogen isotopes were conducted in a eutrophic urban lake, Taihu Lake, which is the third largest freshwater lake in China. The results indicate that the BC is composed of 55 ± 12% char and 45 ± 12% soot and accounted for 12 ± 6% of POC (the maximum value is 31%). The comparatively high levels of BC and char are distributed in the northern Taihu Lake, especially in Meiliang Bay (0.72 ± 0.38 mg L-1 and 0.45 ± 0.24 mg L-1). The distribution of soot presents a declining trend from the lakeshore to the central lake, particularly in the northern, western, and southern lakes. Source apportionment results from positive matrix factorization of PAHs suggest that consumption of fossil fuel (79 ± 20%) is the dominant source of BC, which agrees with the low ratio of char/soot (1.41 ± 0.71) and relatively depleted δ13C. The covariation of BC and PAHs and terrestrial dissolved organic carbon indicate that the effect of terrestrial input significantly regulates the distribution of BC in Taihu Lake, which is reflected in the high BC value along the lakeshore.


Assuntos
Lagos , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos , Carbono/análise , China , Monitoramento Ambiental , Sedimentos Geológicos , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos/análise , Fuligem/análise
17.
Sci Total Environ ; 803: 150049, 2022 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34500271

RESUMO

A mesocosm experiment was conducted in a temperate eutrophic lake with the hypotheses: 1) the addition of a labile form of DOC would trigger a more pronounced response in phytoplankton biomass and composition compared with a non-labile form; 2) DOC addition would increase phytoplankton biomass by co-inserting organic nutrients for phytoplankton growth; 3) DOC addition would change phytoplankton composition, in particular towards mixotrophic taxa due to higher DOC availability; and that 4) there would be differences in phytoplankton responses to DOC addition, depending on whether sediment was included or not. We used two types of mesocosms: pelagic mesocosms with closed bottom, and benthic mesocosms open to the sediment. The experiment ran for 29 days in total. The DOC addition occurred once, at Day 1. Besides the control, there were two treatments: HuminFeed® (non-labile DOC) at a concentration of 2 mg L-1, and a combination of 2 mg L-1 HuminFeed® and 2 mg L-1 DOC from alder leaf leachate (labile). Responses were detected only in the treatment with alder leaf extract. Ecosystem processes responded immediately to DOC addition, with the fall in dissolved oxygen and pH indicating an increase in respiration, relative to primary production (Day 2). In contrast, there was a delay of a few days in structural responses in the phytoplankton community (Day 6). Phytoplankton biomass increased after DOC addition, probably boosted by the phosphorus released from alder leaf extract. Changes in phytoplankton composition towards mixotrophic taxa were not as strong as changes in biomass, and happened only in the pelagic mesocosms. With the DOC addition, diatoms prevailed in benthic mesocosms, while the contribution of colonial buoyant cyanobacteria increased in the pelagic ones. This study points towards the necessity to look in greater detail at specific responses of phytoplankton to DOC concentration increases considering lake-habitat and sediment influence.


Assuntos
Lagos , Fitoplâncton , Biomassa , Ecossistema , Fósforo
18.
Environ Pollut ; 292(Pt A): 118308, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34626705

RESUMO

Aggravating the pollution of microcystins (MCs) in freshwater environments is detrimental to aquatic living organisms and humans, and thus threatens the stability of ecosystems. Some environmental factors have been verified to promote the production of MCs in Microcystis aeruginosa, thereby aggravating the pollution of MCs. However, the effects of cerium (Ce), the most abundant rare earth element in global water environments, on the production of MCs in M. aeruginosa are unknown. Here, Lake Taihu water was selected as a representative of freshwater environments. By using interdisciplinary methods, it was found that: (1) the exposure level of Ce [Ce(III) and Ce(IV)] in Lake Taihu water is in the range of 0.271-0.282 µg/L; (2) Ce exposure in Lake Taihu water promoted the contents of three main MCs (MC-LR, MC-LW and MC-YR) in M. aeruginosa and water; (3) a cellular mechanism of Ce promoting the production of MCs in M. aeruginosa in Lake Taihu water was suggested: Ce enhanced endocytosis in cells of M. aeruginosa to promote the essential element uptake by M. aeruginosa for MC synthesis. Thus, Ce exposure in Lake Taihu water aggravates the pollution of MCs via enhancing endocytosis in cells of M. aeruginosa. The results provide reference for assessing the environmental risk of Ce in water environments, investigating the mechanism of the pollution of MCs induced by environmental factors, and developing strategies aimed at preventing and controlling the pollution of MCs.


Assuntos
Cério , Microcystis , Cério/toxicidade , China , Ecossistema , Endocitose , Humanos , Lagos , Microcistinas , Água
19.
Environ Pollut ; 292(Pt A): 118330, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34634398

RESUMO

River floodplain ecosystems host one of the highest freshwater molluscan biodiversity on Earth. However, multiple human disturbances, such as loss of hydrological connectivity and deterioration of water quality, are seriously threatening most floodplain lakes throughout the world. Given the high imperilment rate of freshwater molluscs but the scarcity of studies examining the anthropogenic effects on this fauna, we test the response of mollusc assemblages to river-lake disconnection and eutrophication in 30 lakes in the Yangtze River floodplain, China. The species richness of entire Mollusca, Gastropoda and Bivalvia and 6 dominant families were all much lower at disconnected lakes than that in connected lakes, and decreased with increasing water eutrophication. The assemblage structure differed significantly among four lake groups for datasets based on entire Mollusca, Gastropoda and Bivalvia, indicating the serious impacts of hydrological disconnection and eutrophication. Moreover, the connected lakes showed significantly lower values of average taxonomic distinctness (Δ+) but higher values of variation in taxonomic distinctness (Λ+) than disconnected lakes. Such variations were triggered by the extirpation of congeneric and endemic species (mainly from families Unionidae and Viviparidae), which giving a waring of the loss of mollusc endemism in this region. In general, the present study showed that river-lake disconnection and deterioration of water quality resulted in serious biodiversity declines of both gastropods and bivalves in the Yangtze River floodplain lakes. A systematic approach including restoration of river-lake connectivity and habitats and improvement of water quality should be implemented in the conservation planning in this large river floodplain.


Assuntos
Lagos , Unionidae , Animais , China , Ecossistema , Eutrofização , Humanos , Rios
20.
Environ Pollut ; 292(Pt A): 118313, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34634400

RESUMO

Herein, a two-dimensional (2-D) vertically-averaged hydrodynamic model was applied to study the heavy metal particle footprints pre- and post-Three Gorges Dam (TGD) in Poyang Lake. Two defined indexes-Reserve Impact Index (σRII) and Species Impact Index (ηSII) were applied to assess the potential impact of the copper footprint on nature reserves and sensitive species quantitatively. The results demonstrated that the movement speed, distribution, and trajectory of copper particle footprints differed enormously pre- and post-TGD. By contrast, the post-TGD footprints were more complex because of the dam-induced variations in hydrology and meteorology. TGD had both pros and cons for the copper footprint on the reserves based on the results of σRII. It had changed the way for the transport of heavy metals and altered the patterns of exposure risk in the reserves. Sustainable management of Poyang Lake could be achieved by optimizing daily monitoring works. The ηSII for Finless Porpoises do not differ significantly between scenarios, but the ηSII for Siberian White Cranes increased by 0.92 and 0.83 for the two periods pre- and post-TGD, respectively. Heavy metals in food sources and the excreta of Siberian White Cranes could be of great concern in future studies. This study provides a theoretical basis for the in-depth study of the TGD-induced impact on Poyang Lake and provides a reference for the long-term treatment of Poyang Lake and the protection of key species.


Assuntos
Lagos , Metais Pesados , Animais , Aves , China , Monitoramento Ambiental , Hidrologia , Metais Pesados/análise
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...