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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35954923

RESUMO

Self-report measures are central in capturing young people's perspectives on mental health concerns and treatment outcomes. For children and adolescents to complete such measures meaningfully and independently, the reading difficulty must match their reading ability. Prior research suggests a frequent mismatch for mental health symptom measures. Similar analyses are lacking for measures of Quality of Life (QoL). We analysed the readability of 13 commonly used QoL self-report measures for children and adolescents aged 6 to 18 years by computing five readability formulas and a mean reading age across formulas. Across measures, the mean reading age for item sets was 10.7 years (SD = 1.2). For almost two-thirds of the questionnaires, the required reading age exceeded the minimum age of the target group by at least one year, with an average discrepancy of 3.0 years (SD = 1.2). Questionnaires with matching reading ages primarily targeted adolescents. Our study suggests a frequent mismatch between the reading difficulty of QoL self-report measures for pre-adolescent children and this group's expected reading ability. Such discrepancies risk undermining the validity of measurement, especially where children also have learning or attention difficulties. Readability should be critically considered in measure development, as one aspect of the content validity of self-report measures for youth.


Assuntos
Compreensão , Qualidade de Vida , Adolescente , Criança , Humanos , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Leitura , Autorrelato , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 13224, 2022 Aug 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35918357

RESUMO

Despite abundant evidence that music skills relate to enhanced reading performance, the mechanisms subtending this relation are still under discussion. The Temporal Sampling Framework (TSF) provides a well-defined explanation for the music-reading link: musical rhythm perception would relate to reading because it helps to encode speech units, which, in turn, is fundamental to reading. However, in spite of this clear mediation-based prediction (effect of music skills mediated by the encoding of speech units), the tests made to it so far remain inconclusive, either due to the use of hybrid measures (rhythm perception and production, musical and non-musical rhythm) or to underspecified mediation results (unclear presence of partial mediation). In the present study, we addressed these potential weaknesses of previous studies and investigated whether phonological memory and phonological awareness (proxies of speech encoding abilities) mediate the effects of rhythm perception abilities on reading in late first-graders. To test for the specificity of musical rhythm in this relation, we examined the same hypothesis for melody perception. Results showed full mediation for effects of musical rhythm perception, while melody perception did not even relate to reading. Our findings support the predictions embedded in the TSF and highlight the potential of rhythm-based interventions in early stimulation.


Assuntos
Música , Percepção da Fala , Conscientização , Linguística , Leitura , Fala , Percepção da Fala/fisiologia
3.
PLoS One ; 17(8): e0272438, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35921370

RESUMO

The ability to predict upcoming information is crucial for efficient language processing and enables more rapid language learning. The present study explored how shared reading experience influenced predictive brain signals and expressive vocabulary of 12-month-old infants. The predictive brain signals were measured by fNIRS responses in the occipital lobe with an unexpected visual-omission task. The amount of shared reading experience was correlated with the strength of this predictive brain signal and with infants' expressive vocabulary. Importantly, the predictive brain signal explained unique variance of expressive vocabulary beyond shared reading experience and maternal education. A further mediation analysis showed that the effect of shared reading experience on expressive vocabulary was explained by the infants' predictive brain signal. This is the first evidence indicating that richer shared reading experience strengthens predictive signals in the infant brain and in turn facilitates expressive vocabulary acquisition.


Assuntos
Leitura , Vocabulário , Encéfalo , Humanos , Lactente , Idioma , Desenvolvimento da Linguagem
4.
Handb Clin Neurol ; 187: 211-220, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35964973

RESUMO

This chapter explores the involvement of the temporal lobes in distinct language functions. The examination of cases of localized damage to the temporal lobes and the resulting pattern of impairment across language tasks and types of errors made can reveal clear neural regions and associated networks essential for word comprehension, semantics, naming, reading, and spelling. Key regions implicated in these functions include left superior temporal gyrus posterior to the temporal pole in word comprehension, bilateral anterior temporal lobes in semantics, left posterior inferior temporal gyrus (pITG) in naming, and left pITG and fusiform cortex in reading and spelling. Results we review provide evidence that the temporal lobes have a critical role in many language tasks. Although various areas and associated white matter tracts work together in supporting language, damage to specific regions of the temporal lobes results in distinct and relatively predictable impairments of language functions.


Assuntos
Compreensão , Lobo Temporal , Córtex Cerebral , Humanos , Idioma , Leitura
5.
Handb Clin Neurol ; 187: 277-285, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35964977

RESUMO

The acquisition of reading by children is supported by deep changes in the brain systems devoted to vision and language. The left temporal lobe contributes critically to both systems, and lesions affecting it may therefore cause both peripheral vision-related and central language-related reading impairments. The diversity of peripheral dyslexias reflects the anatomical and functional division of the visual cortex into early visual regions, whose lesions have a limited impact on reading; ventral regions, whose lesions are mostly associated to Pure Alexia; and dorsal regions, whose lesions may yield spatial, neglect-related, and attentional dyslexias. Similarly, central alexias reflect the broad distinction, within language processes, between phonological and lexico-semantic components. Phonological and surface dyslexias roughly result from impairment of the former and the latter processes, respectively, while deep dyslexia may be seen as the association of both. In this chapter, we review such types of acquired dyslexias, their clinical features, pathophysiology, and anatomical correlates.


Assuntos
Dislexia Adquirida , Transtornos da Percepção , Criança , Dislexia Adquirida/etiologia , Dislexia Adquirida/patologia , Humanos , Idioma , Leitura , Semântica
6.
J Vis ; 22(9): 3, 2022 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35921089

RESUMO

Crowding refers to the failure to identify a peripheral object due to its proximity to other objects (flankers). This phenomenon can lead to reading and object recognition impairments and is associated with macular degeneration, amblyopia, and dyslexia. Crucially, the maximal target-flanker spacing required for the crowding interference (critical spacing) increases with eccentricity. This spacing is also larger when target and flankers appear along the horizontal meridian (radial arrangement) than when the flankers appear above and below the target (tangential arrangement). This phenomenon is known as radial-tangential anisotropy. Previous studies have demonstrated that transient attention can reduce crowding interference; however, it is still unclear whether and how attention interacts with radial-tangential anisotropy. To address this issue, we manipulated transient attention by using a cue at either the target (valid) or the fixation (neutral) location, in both radial and tangential target-flanker arrangements. Results showed that critical spacing was larger in the radial than in the tangential arrangement and that cueing the target location improved performance and reduced the critical spacing for both radial and tangential arrangements to the same extent. Together, our findings suggest that transient spatial attention plays an essential role in crowding but not in radial-tangential anisotropy.


Assuntos
Reconhecimento Visual de Modelos , Campos Visuais , Atenção , Aglomeração , Humanos , Leitura
7.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 13521, 2022 Aug 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35941176

RESUMO

Developmental dyslexia, a difficulty with acquiring fluent reading, has also been characterized by reduced short-term memory (STM) capacity, which is often operationalized with span tasks. The low performance of individuals with dyslexia (IDDs) in such tasks is commonly attributed to poor phonological memory. However, we suggest an alternative explanation based on the observation that many times the items that are used in spans tasks are high-frequency items (e.g., digit words). We suggest that IDDs do not enjoy the benefit of item frequency to the same extent as controls, and thus their performance in span tasks is especially hampered. On the contrary, learning of repeated sequences was shown to be largely independent of item frequency, and therefore this type of learning may be unimpaired in dyslexia. To test both predictions, we used the Hebb-learning paradigm. We found that IDDs' performance is especially poor compared to controls' when high-frequency items are used, and that their repeated series learning does not differ from that of controls. Taken together with existing literature, our findings suggest that impaired learning of repeated series is not a core characteristic of dyslexia, and that the reports on reduced STM in dyslexia may to a large extent be explained by reduced benefit of item frequency.


Assuntos
Dislexia , Humanos , Aprendizagem , Transtornos da Memória , Memória de Curto Prazo , Fonética , Leitura
8.
JAMA ; 328(6): 527-528, 2022 08 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35943468
9.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 4585, 2022 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35933422

RESUMO

Some experiences linger in mind, spontaneously returning to our thoughts for minutes after their conclusion. Other experiences fall out of mind immediately. It remains unclear why. We hypothesize that an input is more likely to persist in our thoughts when it has been deeply processed: when we have extracted its situational meaning rather than its physical properties or low-level semantics. Here, participants read sequences of words with different levels of coherence (word-, sentence-, or narrative-level). We probe participants' spontaneous thoughts via free word association, before and after reading. By measuring lingering subjectively (via self-report) and objectively (via changes in free association content), we find that information lingers when it is coherent at the narrative level. Furthermore, and an individual's feeling of transportation into reading material predicts lingering better than the material's objective coherence. Thus, our thoughts in the present moment echo prior experiences that have been incorporated into deeper, narrative forms of thinking.


Assuntos
Leitura , Semântica , Humanos , Narração
10.
J Sch Psychol ; 93: 1-27, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35934446

RESUMO

There has been little research investigating the predictive validity of modern intelligence tests for racially and ethnically diverse students. The validity of test score interpretation within educational and psychological assessment assumes that test scores predict educationally relevant phenomena equally well for individuals, regardless of group membership (American Educational Research Association et al., 2014; Messick, 1995; Warne et al., 2014). We used multiple group latent variable structural equation modeling (SEM) to investigate Cattell-Horn-Carroll general (g) and broad cognitive abilities on reading and mathematics achievement and whether these differed between racial (African American, Asian, and Caucasian) and ethnic (Hispanic, non-Hispanic) children and adolescents within the Woodcock-Johnson IV norming sample (N = 3127). After establishing construct equivalence across racial and ethnic groups, supporting the consistent calculation of composite scores regardless of group membership, we then examined the predictive validity of intelligence on achievement. After controlling for parent education, findings suggested two instances of differential predictive relations: (a) general intelligence had larger influences on basic reading skills for Caucasians when compared to Asian peers, and (b) comprehension-knowledge had larger influences on basic reading skills for Asians when compared to Caucasian peers. The overall pattern of findings suggests there is little to no predictive bias with the WJ IV. However, the findings indicate that when latent mean differences exist (after establishing strong factorial invariance), then bias will be introduced into the estimation of regression parameters used to identify differential predictive validity. Thus, even when measurement invariance is supported, differential prediction bias is inevitable when there are mean differences in the scores used as predictors. Future test bias research should consider latent ability differences and how that may impact findings of bias, and possibly, socioeconomic status-related indicators when assessing for measurement or prediction bias in intelligence and achievement tests.


Assuntos
Etnicidade , Leitura , Logro , Adolescente , Criança , Cognição , Humanos , Matemática
11.
Acta Psychol (Amst) ; 228: 103660, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35779453

RESUMO

When we read fiction, we encounter characters that interact in the story. As such, we encode that information and comprehend the stories. Prior studies suggest that this comprehension process is facilitated by taking the perspective of characters during reading. Thus, two questions of interest are whether people take the perspective of characters that are not perceived as capable of experiencing perspectives (e.g., robots), and whether current models of language comprehension can explain these differences between human and nonhuman protagonists (or lack thereof) during reading. The study aims to (1) compare the situation model (i.e., a model that factors in a protagonist's perspective) and the RI-VAL model (which relies more on comparisons of newly acquired information with information stored in long term memory) and (2) investigate whether differences in accessibility of information differ based on adopting the intentional stance towards a robot. To address the aims of our study, we designed a preregistered experiment in which participants read stories about one of three protagonists (an intentional robot, a mechanistic robot and a human) and answered questions about objects that were either occluded or not occluded from the protagonist's view. Based on the situation model, we expected faster responses to items that were not occluded compared to those that were occluded (i.e., the occlusion effect). However, based on the RI-VAL model, we expected overall differences between the protagonists would arise due to inconsistency with general world knowledge. The results of the pre-registered analysis showed no differences between the protagonists, nor differences in occlusion. However, a post-hoc analysis showed that the occlusion effect was shown only for the intentional robot but not for the human, nor mechanistic robot. Results also showed that depending on the age of the readers, the RI-VAL or the situation model is able to explain the results such that older participants "simulated" the situation about which they read (situation model), while younger adults compared new information with information stored in long-term memory (RI-VAL model). This suggests that comparing to information in long term memory is cognitively more costly. Therefore, with older adults used less cognitively demanding strategy of simulation.


Assuntos
Leitura , Robótica , Idoso , Compreensão/fisiologia , Humanos
12.
J Environ Public Health ; 2022: 3711900, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35832209

RESUMO

The evolution of media technology has not only changed readers' reading ways and reading habits but also tried to reshape their social behaviour. From the perspective of sociology of sustainable knowledge, this essay explores the impacts of technological change on reading through the framework of activity theory. It is found that digital reading is of increasing characteristics of "front stage" performance and reading anxiety in society, and sustainable knowledge anxiety began to spread. The research shows that the existing digital reading mode is actually the consumption of media, which is not conducive to the transmission and production of sustainable knowledge. Also, with the further development of technology, reading will open up a new chapter. The wisdom of human symbiosis will be infinitely stored and strive toward the era of global brain, which will help to better inherit sustainable knowledge and activate the vitality of sustainable knowledge production.


Assuntos
Leitura , Sociologia , Humanos
13.
Comput Intell Neurosci ; 2022: 2973954, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35785056

RESUMO

This paper adopts the multimodal approach of human-computer collaboration to conduct an in-depth study and analysis of the practical teaching model of preschool education, and applies the designed model to the actual teaching process. The application of multimodal theory to preschool teaching is chosen to theoretically help expand the research scope of multimodal theory and enrich the research of preschool teaching, and practically help break through the previous single-modal teaching model, further enrich the theoretical guidance of preschool teaching, and improve the quality of preschool classroom teaching. Then, from the perspective of human-machine synergy, this paper analyzes the advantages of artificial intelligence technology and teachers in the English classroom, puts forward the new roles of teachers and learners in the human-computer cooperation teaching environment, and discusses the significance and value of applying the four main modules of human-computer cooperation teaching, human-computer gesture mapping and human-computer cooperation manipulator control in the preschool classroom. According to the physical structure of hand joints, the human hand joint angles are obtained through the inverse kinematic solution, and the human hand joint angles correspond to the dexterous manipulator one by one so that the dexterous manipulator can be controlled to imitate the human hand to complete flexible gesture movements and realize the vision-based collaborative human-machine control of the dexterous manipulator. Combined with Gagne's nine teaching events, a model of the English teaching process based on human-computer collaboration was constructed. Based on this model, the "EasyDotWise English Teaching System" was designed to combine the basic lesson types of preschool classroom teaching and the secondary objectives of the English curriculum standards, including "reading text-reading aloud evaluation," "playing speech-sound recognition," and "presenting text-selection." We designed and implemented three types of teaching activities: "reading text-reading aloud assessment," "playing phonetic sounds-sound identification," and "presenting text-comprehension selection."


Assuntos
Inteligência Artificial , Leitura , Pré-Escolar , Compreensão , Simulação por Computador , Humanos , Instituições Acadêmicas
14.
Sensors (Basel) ; 22(13)2022 Jun 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35808394

RESUMO

Considering the detrimental effects of dyslexia on academic performance and its common occurrence, developing tools for dyslexia detection, monitoring, and treatment poses a task of significant priority. The research performed in this paper was focused on detecting and analyzing dyslexic tendencies in Serbian children based on eye-tracking measures. The group of 30 children (ages 7-13, 15 dyslexic and 15 non-dyslexic) read 13 different text segments on 13 different color configurations. For each text segment, the corresponding eye-tracking trail was recorded and then processed offline and represented by nine conventional features and five newly proposed features. The features were used for dyslexia recognition using several machine learning algorithms: logistic regression, support vector machine, k-nearest neighbor, and random forest. The highest accuracy of 94% was achieved using all the implemented features and leave-one-out subject cross-validation. Afterwards, the most important features for dyslexia detection (representing the complexity of fixation gaze) were used in a statistical analysis of the individual color effects on dyslexic tendencies within the dyslexic group. The statistical analysis has shown that the influence of color has high inter-subject variability. This paper is the first to introduce features that provide clear separability between a dyslexic and control group in the Serbian language (a language with a shallow orthographic system). Furthermore, the proposed features could be used for diagnosing and tracking dyslexia as biomarkers for objective quantification.


Assuntos
Dislexia , Leitura , Criança , Dislexia/diagnóstico , Tecnologia de Rastreamento Ocular , Humanos , Idioma , Reconhecimento Psicológico
15.
Occup Ther Int ; 2022: 3032445, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35814359

RESUMO

Objective: On the basis of inheriting the classical aesthetic orientation of Japanese literature, contemporary Japanese literature changes the creative methods of traditional Japanese writers, strives to transcend the national limitations of Japanese literature, and strives to capture literary materials with a "modern feel." Combined with modern western literary techniques to express the "modern self," and integrating popular literature with pure literature, Japanese writers created a "healing" literature that is popular all over the world. There is some value in exploring the correlation between Japanese literature and the influence of psychotherapy. Method: In this paper, an equation diagnosis algorithm based on iterative learning for a class of linear discrete systems is studied, and the existing discrete iterative learning diagnostics are improved. We exchange the order of time domain and iterative domain to achieve the purpose of point-by-point equation diagnosis. On this basis, a virtual influence initial value estimation algorithm with a sliding window is proposed. The impact that has not been diagnosed is estimated and used as the initial value of the impact, so as to reduce the number of iterations and improve the efficiency of equation diagnosis. This paper takes the public and readers as different perspectives, based on the use and satisfaction theory and prospect theory, and uses interviews and questionnaires to study the communication effect of Japanese literature from the three dimensions of cognition, emotion, and behavior. The cognitive part includes the public's understanding and readers' understanding and reading; the emotional part includes the public's and readers' impressions and emotional attitudes; the behavioral part includes the public's reading situation and readers' behavior changes. Results/Discussion. In the survey of loyal readers, although readers' understanding of Japanese literature has improved compared with the general public, it is not high, and their liking and influence on behavior are slightly lower than the preset level. This paper believes that the existing problems of Japanese literature dissemination are mainly concentrated in three aspects: the market is somewhat biased, which narrows the cognitive scope of users; as a cross-cultural literary work, Japanese literature still makes readers feel that it exists; there is some sense of estrangement, which will affect their enjoyment in reading; as a niche interest, readers lack timely communication and sharing objects after reading, so it is difficult to enhance their sense of identity.


Assuntos
Terapia Ocupacional , Algoritmos , Humanos , Japão , Psicoterapia , Leitura
16.
J Refract Surg ; 38(7): 428-434, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35858191

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate and compare the performance of a trifocal diffractive intraocular lens (IOL) and a lens combining a bifocal diffractive profile and extended depth of focus (EDOF) profile. METHODS: This non-randomized, prospective comparative study included 42 patients (84 eyes) undergoing lens surgery with implantation of either the FineVision HP trifocal IOL (PhysIOL) or TECNIS Synergy bifocal EDOF IOL (Johnson and Johnson Surgical Vision). There were 21 patients (42 eyes) in each group. The primary outcome was reading speed at high contrast and luminance. Secondary outcomes were reading speed at lower contrasts and luminances, visual acuity at all distances (distance, intermediate, and near) with and without correction, and quality of vision. RESULTS: The reading speed at high contrast (100%) and high luminance (100%) was better in the Synergy group (P = .01). This difference between the two IOLs seemed to be preserved at lower contrasts and luminances. There was no statistically significant difference between visual acuities except for monocular uncorrected intermediate visual acuity (P = .046) in favor of the FineVision HP IOL. The mean spherical equivalents in the FineVision HP and Synergy groups were 0.14 ± 0.64 and 0.10 ± 0.33 diopters without significant difference between these means (P = .78). The defocus curve was more dome-shaped for the Synergy IOL. The evaluation of visual symptoms was comparable in both groups. The glare halo (Halometry test; Aston University) was smaller in the FineVision HP group (P = .03). CONCLUSIONS: The Synergy IOL appears to provide better reading speed and is less sensitive to refractive error. Both lenses provided excellent distance, intermediate, and near vision. [J Refract Surg. 2022;38(7):428-434.].


Assuntos
Lentes Intraoculares , Facoemulsificação , Presbiopia , Humanos , Implante de Lente Intraocular , Satisfação do Paciente , Presbiopia/cirurgia , Estudos Prospectivos , Desenho de Prótese , Leitura , Refração Ocular
17.
BMJ ; 378: o1636, 2022 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35777786
18.
PLoS One ; 17(7): e0271604, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35857786

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is a growing public health problem globally. Despite the availability of management options, the progression of the disease as a function of waiting time may challenge the effort to attain a desired outcome. There is a conflicting report on the role of waiting time to initiate an appropriate treatment in improving patients' survival. OBJECTIVE: This review aims to evaluate the association between delayed time to initiate any treatment indication with survival in patients with cervical cancer. METHODS: An internet-based literature search will be performed using text words, MESH terms and truncated words in databases, namely MEDLINE, Cochrane CENTRAL, EMBASE, Web of Science and Scopus. Grey literature searches in Google Scholar, Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations (NDLTD) and Dissertations and Theses Global will be made. All articles published until 30th of December 2021 on human subjects will be searched without a language restriction. Studies which fulfil the inclusion criteria will be screened in full reading, selected, appraised and assessed for methodological quality by two independent reviewers. Data on participants, study methods, interventions, and outcomes will be abstracted. Included studies will be pooled for meta-analysis. Microsoft-Excel and R packages will be employed to carry out the statistical analysis. Heterogeneity will be assessed using Cochrane Q statistic, Tau2, and I2. Results will be reported as a function of 4-week delay in treatment initiation and the corresponding hazard ratio (HR) at 95% confidence interval. Statistical significance will be considered at P<0.05. TRIAL REGISTRATION: PROSPERO registration number: CRD42022299689.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Colo do Útero , Feminino , Humanos , Idioma , Metanálise como Assunto , Leitura , Projetos de Pesquisa , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/terapia
19.
Front Public Health ; 10: 916101, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35801240

RESUMO

The impact of verbal reading practices on learning is examined from the perspective of educational psychology, using the motivation theory and the schema theory. This research intends to enhance learner's English communication abilities in response to the needs for national economic growth and scientific and technological development. To motivate students to improve their English, the research may address the issue of inadequate opportunities by adding an artificial intelligence (AI) conversation mechanism to the students speaking English exercise. First, cognitive psychology is analyzed in detail, and a model based on cognitive psychology is implemented to solve the problems existing in student's English communication. In addition, various measures are presented and used to increase student's oral English communication abilities. We used sixty students from North China University of Water Resources and Electric Power are separated into two classes: Class A and Class B. The experimental group is called Class A, while the control group is called Class B. Following a comparison of the outcomes obtained before and after training. The experimental group's reading comprehension, responding to questions, situational conversation, and subject description scores rose by 13.33, 15.19, 17.39, and 28.3 %, respectively. The overall average score of the class climbed by 17.75 %, whereas the scores of pupils in Class B improved just an undersized. The results reveal that following the vocalized reading exercise, the student's English grades, self-efficacy, and topic knowledge increased considerably in the experimental group. Moreover, the proposed model, employs computer simulation in the English communication teaching system and AI, which can aid in the creation of an interactive learning environment for students to improve their spoken English and English communication abilities.


Assuntos
Inteligência Artificial , Psicologia Educacional , Comunicação , Simulação por Computador , Humanos , Leitura
20.
Lit Med ; 40(1): 38-54, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35848294

RESUMO

What are the formal potentialities of illness narratives across media and writerly modes? And how can a formalist reading within this genre contribute to an understanding of particularly stigmatized illnesses and conditions? This essay considers Julia Lederer's and Carolyn Lazard's semi-autobiographical works on anorexia nervosa and chronic illness, respectively, and approaches them through the lens of Caroline Levine's new formalist method, which fuses the literary (or artistic more broadly) with the social and political. It concludes that Lederer's and Lazard's imagination and creation of other, alternative worlds-worlds of illness and disability-provide critical insights into the meanings of illness, health, and well-being, and their political implications. In so doing, they also probe at and question the role of medicine in discursive constructions of illness and disability.


Assuntos
Anorexia Nervosa , Medicina na Literatura , Humanos , Imaginação , Narração , Leitura
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