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1.
Arch Microbiol ; 204(7): 432, 2022 Jun 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35759032

RESUMO

Honeybee products have been among important consumer products throughout history. Microbiota has attracted attention in recent years due to both their probiotic value and industrial potential. Fructophilic lactic acid bacteria (FLAB), whose field of study has been expanding rapidly in the last 20 years, are among the groups that can be isolated from the bee gut. This study aimed to isolate FLAB from the honeybees of two different geographic regions in Turkey and investigate their probiotic, metabolic and anti-quorum sensing (anti-QS) potential. Metabolic properties were investigated based on fructose toleration and acid and diacetyl production while the probiotic properties of the isolates were determined by examining pH, pepsin, pancreatin resistance, antimicrobial susceptibility, and antimicrobial activity. Anti-QS activities were also evaluated with the Chromobacterium violaceum biosensor strain. Two FLAB members were isolated and identified by the 16S rRNA analysis as Fructobacillus tropaeoli and Apilactobacillus kunkeei, which were found to be tolerant to high fructose, low pH, pepsin, pancreatin, and bile salt environments. Both isolates showed anti-QS activity against the C. violaceum biosensor strain and no diacetyl production. The daily supernatants of the isolates inhibited the growth of Enterococcus faecalis ATCC 29212 among the selected pathogens. The isolates were found resistant to kanamycin, streptomycin, erythromycin, and clindamycin. In the evaluation of the probiotic potential of these species, the negative effect of antibiotics and other chemicals to which honeybees are directly or indirectly exposed draws attention within the scope of the "One Health" approach.


Assuntos
Lactobacillales , Probióticos , Animais , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Abelhas , Frutose/metabolismo , Lactobacillales/genética , Lactobacillus , Leuconostocaceae , Pancreatina , Pepsina A , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética
3.
Probiotics Antimicrob Proteins ; 14(3): 476-485, 2022 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34216360

RESUMO

American foulbrood is a devastating disease of honey bee, causing economic loss in the beekeeping industry. The disease mainly causes reduction in honey bee populations which negatively affect the honey bee's major role as natural pollinators of significant crops and wildflowers. Thus, it is crucial to develop safe efficient strategies to control the disease and to improve bee colony health. Using lactic acid bacteria (LAB) as an alternative to chemical treatments is a promising novel technique for tackling honey bee diseases and improving their immunity. The endogenous LAB isolates were recovered from honey bee gut samples collected from different apiaries in two Egyptian governorates and screened for antagonistic activities against Paenibacillus larvae (pathogen of AFB disease). The results showed that 53.3% of tested LAB isolates (n = 120) exhibited antagonistic activities against P. larvae. The minimum inhibitory concentration and minimum bactericidal concentration of the most potent LAB isolate (with an inhibition zone of 44 mm) were 100 and 125 µL/mL, respectively. 16S rRNA sequencing identified the most potent isolate as Fructobacillus fructosus HI-1. The bioactive metabolites of F. fructosus were extracted with ethyl acetate and fractionated on thin-layer chromatography (TLC); also, bioactive fractions were detected. Heptyl 2-methylbutyrate, di-isobutyl phthalate, D-turanose, heptakis (trimethylsilyl), di-isooctyl phthalate, and hyodeoxycholic acid compounds were identified in the bioactive fractions. The result explores the promising administration of probiotic metabolites to control honey bee AFB disease, as a natural tool to substitute antibiotics and chemicals in disease-controlling strategies.


Assuntos
Lactobacillales , Paenibacillus larvae , Animais , Criação de Abelhas , Abelhas , Trato Gastrointestinal/microbiologia , Lactobacillales/genética , Leuconostocaceae , Paenibacillus larvae/genética , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Estados Unidos
4.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 261: 119989, 2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34087771

RESUMO

Food processing bacteria play important role in providing flavors, ingredients and other beneficial characteristics to the food but at the same time some bacteria are responsible for food spoilage. Therefore, quick and reliable identification of these food processing bacteria is very necessary for the differentiation between different species which may help in the development of more useful food processing methodologies. In this study, analysis of different bacterial species (Lactobacillus fermentum, Fructobacillus fructosus, Pediococcus pentosaceus and Halalkalicoccus jeotgali) was performed with our in-house developed Ag NPs-based surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) method. The SERS spectral data was analyzed by multivariate data analysis techniques including principal component analysis (PCA) and partial least square discriminant analysis (PLS-DA). Bacterial species were differentiated on the basis of SERS spectral features and potential of SERS was compared with the Raman spectroscopy (RS). SERS along with PCA and PLS-DA was found to be an efficient technique for identification and differentiation of food processing bacterial species. Differentiation with accuracy of 99.5% and sensitivity of 99.7% was depicted by PLS-DA model using leave one out cross validation.


Assuntos
Leuconostocaceae , Análise Espectral Raman , Bactérias , Manipulação de Alimentos
5.
Int J Food Microbiol ; 354: 109248, 2021 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34059319

RESUMO

This work was carried out to elaborate selenium (Se) bio-enriched fermented Mediterranean fruit juices. To this purpose, pomegranate and table red grape juices were added with sodium selenite (Na2SeO3) and fermented by Levilactobacillus brevis CRL 2051 and Fructobacillus tropaeoli CRL 2034 individually or combined. To better evaluate the effect of selenite addition and starter strain inoculums on the total bacterial community of the fruit juices, fermentation trials were performed with raw and pasteurized fruit juices. No statistical significant differences were observed for total mesophilic microorganisms (TMM) and rod-shaped lactic acid bacteria (LAB) levels among raw and pasteurized juices inoculated with the starter strains, while significant differences between those juices with and without selenite were registered. LAB cocci, Pseudomonadaceae and yeasts were detected only for the raw juice preparations. The dominance of L. brevis CRL 2051 and F. tropaeoli CRL 2034 was confirmed by randomly amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD)-PCR analysis. After fermentation, pH dropped for all inoculated trials and control raw juices. The soluble solid content (SSC) levels of the raw juices were higher than the corresponding pasteurized trials. The thermal treatment affected consistently yellowness of grape juice trials and redness of pomegranate juices. No microbial Se accumulation was registered for pomegranate juices, while F. tropaeoli CRL 2034 accumulated the highest amount of Se (65.5 µg/L) in the grape juice. For this reason, only trials carried out with raw grape juices were investigated by metagenomics analysis by Illumina MiSeq technology. Non-inoculated grape juices were massively fermented by acetic acid bacteria while Fructobacillus and Lactobacillus (previous genus name of Levilactobacillus) represented the highest operational taxonomy units (OTUs) relative abundance % of the trials inoculated with the starter strains as confirmed by this technique.


Assuntos
Fermentação , Microbiologia de Alimentos , Sucos de Frutas e Vegetais , Ácido Láctico , Selênio , /microbiologia , Sucos de Frutas e Vegetais/microbiologia , Ácido Láctico/metabolismo , Lactobacillaceae/genética , Lactobacillaceae/metabolismo , Leuconostocaceae/genética , Leuconostocaceae/metabolismo , Região do Mediterrâneo , Técnica de Amplificação ao Acaso de DNA Polimórfico , Selênio/metabolismo
6.
Int J Food Microbiol ; 344: 109115, 2021 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33662901

RESUMO

Development of bloater defect in cucumber fermentations is the result of carbon dioxide (CO2) production by the indigenous microbiota. The amounts of CO2 needed to cause bloater defect in cucumber fermentations brined with low salt and potential microbial contributors of the gas were identified. The carbonation of acidified cucumbers showed that 28.68 ± 6.04 mM (12%) or higher dissolved CO2 induces bloater defect. The microbiome and biochemistry of cucumber fermentations (n = 9) brined with 25 mM calcium chloride (CaCl2) and 345 mM sodium chloride (NaCl) or 1.06 M NaCl were monitored on day 0, 2, 3, 5, 8, 15 and 21 using culture dependent and independent microbiological techniques and High-Performance Liquid Chromatography. Changes in pH, CO2 concentrations and the incidence of bloater defect were also followed. The enumeration of Enterobacteriaceae on Violet Red Bile Glucose agar plates detected a cell density of 5.2 ± 0.7 log CFU/g on day 2, which declined to undetectable levels by day 8. A metagenomic analysis identified Leuconostocaceae in all fermentations at 10 to 62%. The presence of both bacterial families in fermentations brined with CaCl2 and NaCl coincided with a bloater index of 24.0 ± 10.3 to 58.8 ± 23.9. The prevalence of Lactobacillaceae in a cucumber fermentation brined with NaCl with a bloater index of 41.7 on day 5 suggests a contribution to bloater defect. This study identifies the utilization of sugars and malic acid by the cucumber indigenous Lactobacillaceae, Leuconostocaceae and Enterobacteriaceae as potential contributors to CO2 production during cucumber fermentation and the consequent bloater defect.


Assuntos
Dióxido de Carbono/análise , Cucumis sativus/microbiologia , Enterobacteriaceae/metabolismo , Lactobacillaceae/metabolismo , Leuconostocaceae/metabolismo , Cloreto de Cálcio , Fermentação , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Malatos/metabolismo , Microbiota/fisiologia , Sais , Cloreto de Sódio/análise
7.
BMC Microbiol ; 21(1): 41, 2021 02 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33563209

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Fructophilic lactic acid bacteria (FLAB) found in D-fructose rich niches prefer D-fructose over D-glucose as a growth substrate. They need electron acceptors for growth on D-glucose. The organisms share carbohydrate metabolic properties. Fructobacillus spp., Apilactobacillus kunkeei, and Apilactobacillus apinorum are members of this unique group. Here we studied the fructophilic characteristics of recently described species Apilactobacillus micheneri, Apilactobacillus quenuiae, and Apilactobacillus timberlakei. RESULTS: The three species prefer D-fructose over D-glucose and only metabolize D-glucose in the presence of electron acceptors. The genomic characteristics of the three species, i.e. small genomes and thus a low number of coding DNA sequences, few genes involved in carbohydrate transport and metabolism, and partial deletion of adhE gene, are characteristic of FLAB. The three species thus are novel members of FLAB. Reduction of genes involved in carbohydrate transport and metabolism in accordance with reduction of genome size were the common characteristics of the family Lactobacillaceae, but FLAB markedly reduced the gene numbers more than other species in the family. Pan-genome analysis of genes involved in metabolism displayed a lack of specific carbohydrate metabolic pathways in FLAB, leading to a unique cluster separation. CONCLUSIONS: The present study expanded FLAB group. Fructose-rich environments have induced similar evolution in phylogenetically distant FLAB species. These are examples of convergent evolution of LAB.


Assuntos
Adaptação Fisiológica , Frutose/metabolismo , Lactobacillales/genética , Lactobacillales/metabolismo , Leuconostocaceae/classificação , Leuconostocaceae/genética , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Genoma Bacteriano , Genômica , Glucose/metabolismo , Lactobacillales/classificação , Leuconostocaceae/metabolismo , Filogenia
8.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 19417, 2020 11 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33173145

RESUMO

Although obesity is associated with numerous diseases, the risks of disease may depend on metabolic health. Associations between the gut microbiota, obesity, and metabolic syndrome have been reported, but differences in microbiomes according to metabolic health in the obese population have not been explored in previous studies. Here, we investigated the composition of gut microbiota according to metabolic health status in obese and overweight subjects. A total of 747 overweight or obese adults were categorized by metabolic health status, and their fecal microbiota were profiled using 16S ribosomal RNA gene sequencing. We classified these adults into a metabolically healthy group (MH, N = 317) without any components of metabolic syndrome or a metabolically unhealthy group (MU, N = 430) defined as having at least one metabolic abnormality. The phylogenetic and non-phylogenetic alpha diversity for gut microbiota were lower in the MU group than the MH group, and there were significant differences in gut microbiota bacterial composition between the two groups. We found that the genus Oscillospira and the family Coriobacteriaceae were associated with good metabolic health in the overweight and obese populations. This is the first report to describe gut microbial diversity and composition in metabolically healthy and unhealthy overweight and obese individuals. Modulation of the gut microbiome may help prevent metabolic abnormalities in the obese population.


Assuntos
Microbioma Gastrointestinal/fisiologia , Obesidade/microbiologia , Sobrepeso/microbiologia , Actinobacteria/genética , Actinobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Adulto , Índice de Massa Corporal , Feminino , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/genética , Humanos , Leuconostocaceae/genética , Leuconostocaceae/isolamento & purificação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade/fisiopatologia , Sobrepeso/fisiopatologia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética
9.
J Dairy Sci ; 103(12): 11138-11151, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33010917

RESUMO

Mannitol is a sugar alcohol, or polyol, widely used in the food industry because of its low-calorie properties. Industrial production of mannitol is difficult and expensive. However, certain bacterial species are known to produce mannitol naturally, including certain lactic acid bacteria and fructophilic lactic acid bacteria (LAB). In this study, bacterial strains isolated from fructose-rich sources, including flowers, leaves, and honey, were identified by 16S rRNA sequence analysis as Leuconostoc, Fructobacillus, Lactococcus, and Lactobacillus species and 4 non-LAB species. DNA profiles generated by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis discriminated 32 strains of Leuconostoc mesenteroides and 6 Fructobacillus strains. Out of 41 LAB strains isolated, 32 were shown to harbor the mdh gene, which encodes the mannitol dehydrogenase enzyme, and several showed remarkable fructose tolerance even at 50% fructose concentrations, indicating their fructophilic nature. Several of the strains isolated, including Leuconostoc mesenteroides strains DPC 7232 and DPC 7261, Fructobacillus fructosus DPC 7237, and Fructobacillus fructosus DPC 7238, produced higher mannitol concentrations than did the positive control strain Limosilactobacillus reuteri DSM 20016 during an enzymatic screening assay. Mannitol concentrations were also examined via HPLC in 1% fructose de Man, Rogosa, and Sharpe medium (FMRS) or 1% fructose milk (FM). Among the strains, Fructobacillus fructosus DPC 7238 displayed high fructose utilization (9.27 g/L), high mannitol yield (0.99 g of mannitol/g of fructose), and greatest volumetric productivities (0.46 g/L per h) in FMRS. However, Leuconostoc mesenteroides DPC 7261 demonstrated the highest fructose utilization (8.99 g/L), mannitol yield (0.72 g of mannitol/g of fructose), and volumetric productivities (0.04 g/L per h) in FM. Storage modulus G' (>0.1 Pa) indicated a shorter gelation time for Limosilactobacillus reuteri DSM 20016 (8.73 h), followed by F. fructosus DPC 7238 (11.57 h) and L. mesenteroides DPC 7261 (14.52 h). Our results show that fructose-rich niches can be considered important sources of fructophilic LAB strains, with the potential to be used as starter cultures or adjunct cultures for the manufacture of mannitol-enriched fermented dairy products and beverages.


Assuntos
Lactobacillales/metabolismo , Manitol/metabolismo , Leite/metabolismo , Animais , Produtos Fermentados do Leite , Frutose/metabolismo , Géis/metabolismo , Lactobacillales/classificação , Lactobacillales/isolamento & purificação , Lactobacillus/isolamento & purificação , Lactococcus/isolamento & purificação , Leuconostoc/isolamento & purificação , Leuconostocaceae , RNA Ribossômico 16S
10.
Microb Cell Fact ; 19(1): 182, 2020 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32943064

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: FODMAPs (Fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides, and polyols) intake is associated with the onset of irritable bowel syndrome symptoms. FODMAPs in wheat-derived baked goods may be reduced via bioprocessing by endogenous enzymes and/or microbial fermentation. Because of the inherent enzyme activities, bread made by baker's yeast and sourdough may result in decreased levels of FODMAPs, whose values are, however, not enough low for people sensitive to FODMAPs. RESULTS: Our study investigated the complementary capability of targeted commercial enzymes and metabolically strictly fructophilic lactic acid bacteria (FLAB) to hydrolyze fructans and deplete fructose during wheat dough fermentation. FLAB strains displayed higher fructose consumption rate compared to conventional sourdough lactic acid bacteria. Fructose metabolism by FLAB was faster than glucose. The catabolism of mannitol with the goal of its reuse by FLAB was also investigated. Under sourdough conditions, higher fructans breakdown occurred in FLAB inoculated doughs compared to conventional sourdough bacteria. Preliminary trials allowed selecting Apilactobacillus kunkeei B23I and Fructobacillus fructosus MBIII5 as starter candidates, which were successfully applied in synergy with commercial invertase for low FODMAPs baking. CONCLUSIONS: Results of this study clearly demonstrated the potential of selected strictly FLAB to strongly reduce FODMAPs in wheat dough, especially under liquid-dough and high oxygenation conditions.


Assuntos
Frutanos/metabolismo , Frutose/metabolismo , Lactobacillales/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Lactobacillales/metabolismo , Manitol/metabolismo , Triticum/química , beta-Frutofuranosidase/metabolismo , Pão , Dissacarídeos/metabolismo , Fermentação , Microbiologia de Alimentos , Humanos , Leuconostocaceae/metabolismo , Monossacarídeos/metabolismo , Oligossacarídeos/metabolismo
11.
Curr Microbiol ; 77(9): 2215-2225, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32601836

RESUMO

We report the draft genome sequence of Fructobacillus tropaeoli CRL 2034, a strain isolated from ripe fig in Tucumán province, Argentina. The interest in studying the genome of this fructophilic lactic acid bacterium strain was motivated by its ability to produce high levels of mannitol from fructose. This polyol has multiple industrial applications; however, it is mainly used as low calorie sugar in the food industry. The assembled genome of this strain consists of a 1.66-Mbp circular chromosome with 1465 coding sequences and a G+C content of 44.6%. The analysis of this genome supports the one step reaction of fructose reduction to mannitol by the mannitol 2-dehydrogenase enzyme, which together with a fructose permease, were identified as involved in mannitol synthesis. In addition, a phylogenetic analysis was performed including other Leuconostocaceae members to which the Fructobacillus genus belongs to; according to the 16S rRNA gene sequences, the strain CRL 2034 was located in the Fructobacillus clade. The present genome sequence could be useful to further elucidate regulatory processes of mannitol and other bioactive metabolites and to highlight the biotechnological potential of this fruit-origin Fructobacillus strain.


Assuntos
Ficus , Leuconostocaceae , Argentina , Frutose , Leuconostocaceae/genética , Manitol , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética
12.
Appl Microbiol Biotechnol ; 104(17): 7409-7426, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32666186

RESUMO

The enzymes D- and L-lactate dehydrogenase are involved in the reduction of pyruvate to D(+)- and L(-)-lactate, respectively. The fig-origin strain Fructobacillus tropaeoli CRL 2034 produces D- and L-lactic acids in a 9:1 ratio. In this work, two D-ldh (ldh1 and ldh2) and one L-ldh (ldh3) genes were found in the CRL 2034 genome. ldh1 and ldh2 are homologous (79% identity) and organized as contiguous operons, each gene containing 996 base pair (bp) and encoding for a 331-amino acid (aa) protein (74% identity). In contrast, ldh3 is a 927-bp gene coding for a 308-aa protein. The identity between ldh1/ldh2 and ldh3 was lower than 48%. To elucidate the role of these genes in the synthesis of lactic acid by the Fructobacillus strain, plasmid insertion mutants in each gene were generated and characterized. The growth kinetic parameters were affected only in CRL2034 ldh1::pRV300 cells, this mutant showing the lowest total lactic acid production (4.50 ± 0.15 versus 6.36 ± 0.67 g/L of wild-type strain), with a D/L ratio of 7.1:2.9. These results showed that the ldh1 gene is primarily responsible for lactic acid production by the studied strain. A comparative analysis among strains of the five Fructobacillus species revealed that the identity of D-LDH proteins was higher than 70%, while the identity of L-LDH was over 60%. Finally, phylogenetic analysis of D- and L-LDHs revealed that only D-LDH phylogeny was consistent to the phylogenetic evolution among Fructobacillus and evolutionarily related genera. Key Points •F. tropaeoli CRL 2034 harbors three ldh genes in its genome. •ldh1 and ldh2 encode D-lactate dehydrogenase; ldh3 encodes L-lactate dehydrogenase. •Gene ldh1 plays the major role in lactic acid production by strain CRL 2034. •Fructobacillus D-LDH phylogeny was consistent to phylogenetic evolution.


Assuntos
L-Lactato Desidrogenase , Ácido Láctico , Isoenzimas , L-Lactato Desidrogenase/genética , Leuconostocaceae , Filogenia
13.
Food Microbiol ; 91: 103536, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32539962

RESUMO

Fermented cucumber bloater defect, caused by the accumulation of microbiologically produced carbon dioxide (CO2), creates significant economic losses for the pickling industry. The ability of Leuconostocaceae, indigenous to cucumber, to grow and produce CO2 during a fermentation and cause bloater defect was evaluated. Leuconostocaceae grew and produced over 40% CO2 in cucumber juice medium, used as a model for cucumber fermentation. The inoculation of Leuconostocaceae to 5 Log CFU/g in cucumber fermentations brined with 25 mM calcium chloride and 6 mM potassium sorbate resulted in no significant differences in bloater defect, colony counts from MRS and VRBG agar plates or the fermentation biochemistry; suggesting an inability of the inoculated bacterial species to prevail in the bioconversion. Acidified cucumbers were subjected to a fermentation inoculated with a Leuconostoc lactis starter culture after raising the pH to 5.9 ± 0.4. CO2 was produced in the acidified cucumber fermentations to 13.6 ± 3.5% yielding a bloater index of 21.3 ± 6.4; while 8.6 ± 0.8% CO2 and a bloater index of 5.2 ± 5.9 were observed in the non-inoculated control jars. Together the data collected demonstrate that Leuconostocaceae can produce enough CO2 to contribute to bloater defect, if not outcompeted by the leading lactic acid bacteria in a cucumber fermentation.


Assuntos
Dióxido de Carbono/metabolismo , Cucumis sativus/microbiologia , Leuconostocaceae/metabolismo , Contagem de Colônia Microbiana , Fermentação , Microbiologia de Alimentos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Leuconostocaceae/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Sais/química
14.
World J Microbiol Biotechnol ; 36(5): 64, 2020 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32314089

RESUMO

To document and speed up research on the usefulness and selection of potential health-promoting bacterial starter cultures from unexplored fermented saps of various palm species in Côte d'Ivoire, benchmark tapping processes were successfully developed and implemented at field level. Therefore, spontaneously fermented saps of three palm species (Elaeis guineensis, Raphia hookeri, Borassus aethiopum) were collected throughout tapping process and lactic acid bacteria (LAB) diversity and dynamics were studied through a multiphasic approach. Overall microbiological analysis revealed a LAB species diversity throughout tapping process. LAB isolates belonged to two main (GTG)5-PCR clusters, namely Fructobacillus durionis (40.33%) and Leuconostoc mesenteroides (45.66%), with Leuconostoc pseudomesenteroides, Lactobacillus paracasei, Lactobacillus fermentum Weissella cibaria, Enterococcus casseliflavus and Lactococcus lactis occurring occasionally. LAB diversity was higher in fermented saps from E. guineensis (8 species) than those of R. hookeri (5 species) and B. aethiopum (3 species). Dynamic study revealed that F. durionis and L. mesenteroides dominated the fermentations from the beginning until the end of tapping process in all palm wine types. But the earlier stages of the process were also populated by some species like W. cibaria, L. pseudomesenteroides and L. fermentum, which population decreased or disappeared after some days. Also, species of Enterococcus and Lactococcus genera were sporadically detected uniquely in sap from E. guineensis. This study is the first to investigate extensively the LAB diversity and dynamics throughout palm trees tapping process in Côte d'Ivoire and is relevant for future selection of health promoting bacteria.


Assuntos
Lactobacillales/classificação , Lactobacillales/metabolismo , Vinho/microbiologia , Arecaceae/microbiologia , Costa do Marfim , Enterococcus/isolamento & purificação , Enterococcus/metabolismo , Fermentação , Microbiologia de Alimentos , Lactobacillus fermentum/isolamento & purificação , Lactobacillus fermentum/metabolismo , Lactobacillus paracasei/isolamento & purificação , Lactobacillus paracasei/metabolismo , Lactococcus lactis/isolamento & purificação , Lactococcus lactis/metabolismo , Leuconostoc/isolamento & purificação , Leuconostoc/metabolismo , Leuconostocaceae/isolamento & purificação , Leuconostocaceae/metabolismo , Weissella/isolamento & purificação , Weissella/metabolismo
15.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(4): 2782-2858, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32293557

RESUMO

The genus Lactobacillus comprises 261 species (at March 2020) that are extremely diverse at phenotypic, ecological and genotypic levels. This study evaluated the taxonomy of Lactobacillaceae and Leuconostocaceae on the basis of whole genome sequences. Parameters that were evaluated included core genome phylogeny, (conserved) pairwise average amino acid identity, clade-specific signature genes, physiological criteria and the ecology of the organisms. Based on this polyphasic approach, we propose reclassification of the genus Lactobacillus into 25 genera including the emended genus Lactobacillus, which includes host-adapted organisms that have been referred to as the Lactobacillus delbrueckii group, Paralactobacillus and 23 novel genera for which the names Holzapfelia, Amylolactobacillus, Bombilactobacillus, Companilactobacillus, Lapidilactobacillus, Agrilactobacillus, Schleiferilactobacillus, Loigolactobacilus, Lacticaseibacillus, Latilactobacillus, Dellaglioa, Liquorilactobacillus, Ligilactobacillus, Lactiplantibacillus, Furfurilactobacillus, Paucilactobacillus, Limosilactobacillus, Fructilactobacillus, Acetilactobacillus, Apilactobacillus, Levilactobacillus, Secundilactobacillus and Lentilactobacillus are proposed. We also propose to emend the description of the family Lactobacillaceae to include all genera that were previously included in families Lactobacillaceae and Leuconostocaceae. The generic term 'lactobacilli' will remain useful to designate all organisms that were classified as Lactobacillaceae until 2020. This reclassification reflects the phylogenetic position of the micro-organisms, and groups lactobacilli into robust clades with shared ecological and metabolic properties, as exemplified for the emended genus Lactobacillus encompassing species adapted to vertebrates (such as Lactobacillus delbrueckii, Lactobacillus iners, Lactobacillus crispatus, Lactobacillus jensensii, Lactobacillus johnsonii and Lactobacillus acidophilus) or invertebrates (such as Lactobacillus apis and Lactobacillus bombicola).


Assuntos
Lactobacillaceae/classificação , Lactobacillus/classificação , Leuconostocaceae/classificação , Filogenia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
16.
Lett Appl Microbiol ; 70(4): 331-339, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32003005

RESUMO

The fructophilic bacterium Fructobacillus fructosus MCC 3996 described in the present investigation was isolated from the nectar of Butea monosperma flower and evaluated in vitro for the manifestation of probiotic features. The strain utilizes fructose faster than glucose and is capable to grow in the range of 1-35% fructose concentration (optimum 5% w/v) and thus denotes its fructophilic nature. In vitro assessments of the strain have examined for the endurance in acidic environment/gastric juice, the better auto-aggregation ability even in the presence of hydrolytic enzymes, co-aggregation with pathogenic bacteria, hydrophobicity properties and no haemolytic activity to elucidate its feasible probiotic use. The significant antagonistic activity against several detrimental bacteria, despite lacking the bacteriocin secretion, is an astonishing feature. Owing to the indigenous origin of the isolate, it could be used as a probiotic, starter culture, and/or the active ingredient of food formulation may contribute to improve the desirable fermentation, long-term storage and nutritional benefits of foods especially rich in fructose. SIGNIFICANCE AND IMPACT OF THE STUDY: This study provided in vitro evidence that Fructobacillus fructosus MCC 3996 have endurance in acidic gastric juice, better co-aggregation, auto-aggregation properties, splendid antagonistic activities against several bacteria involved in food spoilage/human infections, pertinent antibiotic susceptibility profile and no haemolytic activity. Also, F. fructosus have the capability to survive in the appreciable amount of fructose, and this advocates that the strain could be used as starter culture and/or the active ingredient of fructose-rich foods. The current in vitro study provided a strong basis for further in vivo research to identify the health beneficial characteristics of F. fructosus and its potential could be effectively utilized as health-boosting ingredient in food and pharmaceutical industries.


Assuntos
Butea/microbiologia , Leuconostocaceae/isolamento & purificação , Fermentação , Flores/microbiologia , Frutose/metabolismo , Glucose/metabolismo , Leuconostocaceae/classificação , Leuconostocaceae/genética , Leuconostocaceae/metabolismo , Filogenia , Probióticos/análise , Probióticos/classificação , Probióticos/metabolismo
17.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 1715, 2020 02 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32015447

RESUMO

Palm wine, the most commonly consumed traditional alcoholic beverage in Western Africa, harbours a complex microbiota and metabolites, which plays a crucial role in the overall quality and value of the product. In the present study, a combined metagenomic and metabolomic approach was applied to describe the microbial community structure and metabolites profile of fermented saps from three palm species (Elaeis guineensis, Raphia hookeri, Borassus aethiopum) in Côte d'Ivoire. Lactobacillaceae (47%), Leuconostocaceae (16%) and Acetobacteriaceae (28%) were the most abundant bacteria and Saccharomyces cerevisiae (87%) the predominant yeasts in these beverages. The microbial community structure of Raphia wine was distinctly different from the others. Multivariate analysis based on the metabolites profile clearly separated the three palm wine types. The main differentiating metabolites were putatively identified as gevotroline hydrochloride, sesartemin and methylisocitrate in Elaeis wine; derivative of homoserine, mitoxantrone in Raphia wine; pyrimidine nucleotide sugars (UDP-D-galacturonate) and myo-Inositol derivatives in Borassus wine. The enriched presence of gevotroline (an antipsychotic agent) and mitoxantrone (an anticancer drug) in palm wine supports its therapeutic potential. This work provides a valuable insight into the microbiology and biochemistry of palm wines and a rationale for selecting functional microorganisms for potential biotechnology applications.


Assuntos
Acetobacteraceae/fisiologia , Arecaceae/fisiologia , Genótipo , Lactobacillaceae/fisiologia , Leuconostocaceae/fisiologia , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/fisiologia , Vinho/microbiologia , Biologia Computacional , Costa do Marfim , Fermentação , Metaboloma , Metabolômica , Fosfotransferases (Aceptor do Grupo Álcool)/genética , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética
18.
Pak J Pharm Sci ; 33(5(Supplementary)): 2351-2353, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33832911

RESUMO

In the present study previously isolated Weissella cibaria CMG DEX3 capable of producing high molecular weight, water soluble dextran (Ahmed et al., 2012) is characterized for most efficient less expensive carbon, nitrogen sources, micro and macro nutrients by utilizing a multifactorial Placket-Burman statistical design for optimization of dextran production. A twelve run Plackett-Burman experimental model with slight modification was utilized to evaluate the impact of ten diverse nutrients on the production of dextran by the bacterial isolate Weissella cibaria CMG DEX3.


Assuntos
Carbono/metabolismo , Dextranos/biossíntese , Leuconostocaceae/metabolismo , Modelos Estatísticos , Nitrogênio/metabolismo , Microbiologia Industrial , Leuconostocaceae/isolamento & purificação , Peso Molecular , Solubilidade
19.
Food Res Int ; 123: 115-124, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31284959

RESUMO

Selenium (Se), which is present as SeCys in seleno-proteins, is involved in cancer prevention, thyroid functioning, and pathogen inhibition. Se is incorporated in the diet through Se-containing foods. Some lactic acid bacteria (LAB) can biotransform selenite (toxic) into Se-nanoparticles (SeNPs) and Se-amino acids. To exert their beneficial properties in the host, bacteria should survive the harsh conditions of the gastrointestinal tract and during food storage. We evaluated whether selenization of LAB influenced bacterial growth and survival during gastrointestinal digestion and after storage when present in a fermented fruit juice-milk (FJM) beverage. Lactobacillus brevis CRL 2051 and Fructobacillus tropaeoli CRL 2034 were grown in MRS with and without selenite, and used to inoculate the FJM matrix. Selenization had no effect on LAB growth (9.54-9.9 log CFU/mL) in the FJM drink. The presence of SeNPs was confirmed for both selenized strains in the FJM beverage; however, the highest Se concentration (100 µg/L) was detected for the fermented beverage with selenized L. brevis. Under storage conditions 1.1 log CFU/ml decrease in cell count of selenized cells of L. brevis was observed, while no effect on cell viability was detected for non-selenized L. brevis or both selenized and control cells of F. tropaeoli. Resistance of L. brevis during digestion of the fermented FJM beverage was not affected by selenization. Contrarily, an increase (1 log CFU/mL) in the resistance of F. tropaeoli was observed when cells were selenized. After digestion, Se was detected in the soluble fraction of the beverage fermented by both strains, being higher for L. brevis (23.6 µg/L). Although selenization did not exert a drastic effect on strains´ survival during storage and digestion, microbial selenization previous to food fermentation could be an interesting tool for Se enrichment avoiding thus the addition of toxic Se salts.


Assuntos
Digestão , Fermentação , Lactobacillales/metabolismo , Selênio/metabolismo , Animais , Bebidas/microbiologia , Armazenamento de Alimentos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Lactobacillus brevis/isolamento & purificação , Lactobacillus brevis/metabolismo , Leuconostocaceae/isolamento & purificação , Leuconostocaceae/metabolismo , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Leite/microbiologia , Modelos Biológicos
20.
Rev. argent. microbiol ; 51(1): 81-83, mar. 2019. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1041819

RESUMO

The goal of the present study was to evaluate the encapsulation of Weissella paramesenteroides, isolated from bee bread, as a technological tool for its use in biological fish silage. The pH decrease in fish silages using the bacteria encapsulated and in a non-encapsulated form was compared. W. paramesenteroides showed a good performance in the development of bioEnc ap su lati on; logical fish silage. The alginate encapsulation method showed an encapsulation efficacy of 85% and provides a reliable technological application.


El objetivo del presente estudio fue evaluar la encapsulación de Weissella paramesenteroides, aislada a partir del pan de polen, como herramienta tecnológica para su uso en la elaboración de ensilado biológico de pescado. Se comparó el descenso de pH para los ensilados utilizando la bacteria encapsulada y no encapsulada. W. paramesenteroides mostró un buen desempeño en el desarrollo de ensilado biológico de pescado. El método de encapsulación con alginato mostró una eficacia del 85% y puede ser utilizado para su aplicación tecnológica.


Assuntos
Silagem/microbiologia , Leuconostocaceae/isolamento & purificação , Produtos Pesqueiros/análise , Resíduos
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