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1.
Altern Lab Anim ; 50(1): 57-61, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35212234

RESUMO

Since the inaugural issue of ATLA, many changes within publishing have occurred, impacting when, where, and how researchers conduct literature searches for non-animal alternatives. Such changes include increased rate of growth in scientific publications, greater number of databases and online resources available to search, opportunities for open and almost immediate dissemination of research outputs such as preprints and method protocols, and the development of reporting guidelines for animal research. Here we offer a librarian's perspective on these changes and advice on how to manage them to enable robust and diverse alternatives to be implemented in future research.


Assuntos
Experimentação Animal , Bibliotecários , Animais , Humanos , Editoração
2.
Med Ref Serv Q ; 41(4): 424-438, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36394914

RESUMO

Public libraries have conducted collection diversity audits, but this is the first known report of a diversity audit in the hospital library community. A two-part questionnaire was sent to hospital librarians to determine their use of diversity audits in collection management and to provide a tool for a preliminary assessment of their collections' diversity. Results of the questionnaire indicate that developing diversity within hospital library collections is important to these respondents. These librarians also support diversity in their library personnel, open access, researching critical gaps, and programming.


Assuntos
Bibliotecários , Bibliotecas Hospitalares , Bibliotecas , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários
3.
Med Ref Serv Q ; 41(4): 381-388, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36394915

RESUMO

Many Health Sciences Librarians (HSLs) affiliated with academic health centers in the US have faculty status. Faculty status enables HSLs to collaborate with their health sciences faculty colleagues as peers. Translating HSL faculty responsibilities into terms their faculty counterparts can understand represents an ongoing challenge for HSLs. This translation process becomes crucial when HSLs with faculty status seek a promotion or wish to secure tenure. The authors used job analysis to clarify faculty roles for HSLs to create a "Crosswalk" that enables the reader to identify an HSL role and find an equivalent health sciences faculty role.


Assuntos
Bibliotecários , Medicina , Humanos , Docentes de Medicina
4.
Med Ref Serv Q ; 41(4): 397-407, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36394919

RESUMO

There is substantial research on librarians' engagement with various social media platforms as part of their professional obligations. We were interested in examining librarians' use of Twitter outside of the context of a job-related, but still professional, context. To find out more, we invited health sciences librarians via Twitter to discuss the impact that the platform has had on their professional lives, offering this column as an opportunity to share their experiences. The case reports support the premise that Twitter can be an impactful communications tool and can benefit librarians in meaningful ways, both professionally and personally.


Assuntos
Bibliotecários , Medicina , Mídias Sociais , Humanos , Comunicação
5.
Health Info Libr J ; 39(4): 307-309, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36274262

RESUMO

To mark the CILIP Health Libraries Group celebrations of their 75th anniversary, this year's Virtual Issue brings together Health Information and Libraries Journal manuscripts that have been particularly influential or generated most interest in our readers, or represent a significant event in the journal's own history, while still having relevance to contemporary health library and knowledge service practice.


Assuntos
Bibliotecários , Bibliotecas Médicas , Bibliotecas , Humanos
6.
F1000Res ; 11: 1122, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36300036

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Robust analysis of DNA sequencing data needs to include a set of quality control steps to ensure that technical bias is kept to a minimum. A metric easily obtained is the frequency of each of the nucleobases for each position across all sequencing reads. Here, we explore the differences in nucleobase compositions of various library types produced by standard experimental methodologies.  Methods: We obtained the compositions of nearly 3000 publicly available datasets and subjected them to Uniform Manifold Approximation and Projection (UMAP) dimensionality reduction for a two-dimensional representation of their composition characteristics.   Results: We find that most library types result in a specific composition profile. We use this to give an estimate of how strongly the composition of a test library resembles the profiles of previously published libraries, and how likely the test sample is to be of a particular type. We introduce Librarian, a user-friendly web application and command line tool which enables checking base compositions of test libraries against known library types.   Conclusions: Library preparation methods strongly influence the per position nucleobase content. By comparing test libraries to a database of previously published library types we can make predictions regarding the library preparation method. Librarian is a user-friendly tool to access this information for quality assurance purposes as discrepancies can flag potential irregularities very early on.


Assuntos
Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Bibliotecários , Humanos , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala/métodos , Biblioteca Gênica , Análise de Sequência de DNA/métodos , Controle de Qualidade
7.
Ber Wiss ; 45(3): 508-516, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36086840

RESUMO

[I] want to single out one phenomenon that could be called the 'politics of sources'. It points to the extent to which the histories that both scientists and historians can write are artifacts of the available sources. The Rockefeller Foundation not only opened its archives very early on for historical work but also invested a lot in making the archives readily available for historical exploration. During the 1980s, many young historians took advantage of this opportunity. Thus, in a relatively early phase of the professional historiography of molecular biology, one could have gained the impression that the development of the new biology as a whole was a bio-politically directed enterprise of the Rockefeller Foundation sustained by the vision that social processes could ultimately be controlled by biological processes.


Assuntos
Historiografia , Bibliotecários , Arquivos , Humanos , Biologia Molecular , Política
9.
Health Info Libr J ; 39(3): 203-206, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36150183

RESUMO

Health science libraries have been using information technology since the late 1960s, shaping both the profession and the mission of these libraries. To explore the impact of technology, a series of articles has been commissioned for the HILJ Regular Feature, International Perspectives and Initiatives. This editorial sets the scene for this series of articles, which starts in this issue. These articles, written by health science librarians from around the globe, will explore the impact of technology on the way health science libraries provide information in the digital age. Some articles will look at national trends and others will focus on a particular library. A key theme is how technology is being used to support the mission of health science libraries and whether technology has altered that mission. This editorial provides a brief overview of the technologies libraries have adopted, from the 1970s to the present day. From this, it is clear that information technology has transformed the way health information is collected, catalogued, and disseminated to users. And it is certain that in the coming decade new technologies will be incorporated into health science libraries, which will pose challenges for both users and librarians. However, librarians will continue to find ways to adapt and use these tools to meet the needs of their users.


Assuntos
Bibliotecários , Bibliotecas Médicas , Biblioteconomia , Humanos , Tecnologia
10.
Med Ref Serv Q ; 41(3): 296-303, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35980624

RESUMO

Hospital libraries have a long and storied history in the United States. Since the 1700 s, they have provided vital resources to the medical community. Over time, hospital libraries have evolved regarding staffing, resources, and access, yet their mission has remained the same-they are expected to provide the best possible medical information to support patient care. Hospital librarians need to appreciate the history of their profession and the services they have provided in the past in order to sustain the value of their contributions well into the future. Looking at the history, as well as the present state of hospital libraries, helps hospital librarians shape their future. Advocacy is vital in a time when hospitals stretch their budgets as far as possible, hospitals consolidate and hospital libraries close.


Assuntos
Bibliotecários , Bibliotecas Hospitalares , Bibliotecas Médicas , Humanos , Empréstimos entre Bibliotecas , Estados Unidos , Recursos Humanos
11.
Med Ref Serv Q ; 41(3): 248-258, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35980631

RESUMO

Health sciences librarians may find it difficult to meet demands for in-person or online synchronous library orientations for various reasons, including short-staffing of librarians, expansion of online programs, and temporary campus closures caused by emergencies, such as the COVID-19 pandemic. The authors discuss the development, implementation, and assessment of an asynchronous online orientation tutorial created for use across various health sciences degree, certificate, and training programs. The tutorial can either replace or supplement synchronous orientations, and the original tutorial can be copied and customized for specific programs.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Bibliotecários , Bibliotecas Médicas , Humanos , Pandemias
12.
Health Info Libr J ; 39(4): 365-376, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35796404

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Health librarians have traditionally provided mediated searches to support patient care, education and research. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to discover the types of search result formats used by health science libraries, determine current practice among health science libraries (types of requesters served, fees, deduplication, turnaround time and citation manager use) and uncover innovative methods for providing search results. METHODS: An online survey was distributed to the MEDLIB-L, ExpertSearching, MidContinental Chapter of the Medical Library Association and ICON listservs and through direct email to selected Association of Academic Health Sciences Libraries reference and education librarians. RESULTS: Librarians affiliated with 127 institutions from 11 countries (including the USS) and 36 USS states and territories responded. One hundred and forty-two of the total 150 analysed responses provided information on full-text access, and 81 of those 142 responses (57%) indicated that the institutions' link-resolver links were included in search results provided to the requester. The survey responses provide information on literature search services regarding turnaround time, use of a citation managers, fees and deduplication. CONCLUSION: With the developing landscape of citation managers and the tools offered, these data can be used as a benchmark for librarians who are considering evaluating or modifying their search service delivery.


Assuntos
Bibliotecários , Bibliotecas Médicas , Serviços de Biblioteca , Humanos , Associações de Bibliotecas , Inquéritos e Questionários
13.
Health Info Libr J ; 39(4): 336-346, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35808921

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Responding to the COVID-19 pandemic, Health Education England (HEE) mobilised a group of expert searchers from NHS libraries in England to develop a platform for librarians to share peer reviewed search strategies and results on the Knowledge for Healthcare website. OBJECTIVES: (1) To document the origins of the COVID-19 search bank, (2) evaluate attitudes of NHS librarians in England towards the search bank and (3) identify lessons learned and consider whether the initiative might be developed further. METHODS: Structured interviews with the peer reviewers (n = 10) were conducted, and a questionnaire survey of the NHS library community using the search bank was undertaken. RESULTS: The interviews confirmed the value of collaboration. Expert searchers worked in pairs to peer review submitted search strategies. The survey (85 responses) indicated that a majority had used the search bank, and approved of the project, with some differences of opinion on functionality and future developments. DISCUSSION: Collaborative working for the search bank probably saved time for individual NHS librarians. The quality of the searches submitted was variable as were librarians' approaches to presentation and development of search strategies. Peer review benefits from a buddy approach among expert searchers and agreement about feedback provided to contributors. CONCLUSION: Search strategies are the most useful element of a search bank. Peer review can be challenging and would benefit from a formal structure, but it is professionally rewarding.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Bibliotecários , Bibliotecas Médicas , Humanos , Medicina Estatal , Pandemias , Revisão por Pares
14.
Health Info Libr J ; 39(3): 299-303, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35904325

RESUMO

With international health challenges, there are opportunities for collaboration between nations on health issues, including developing and sharing resources for teaching and learning. This article outlines collaboration across Scotland and England to develop a core resource for eLearning on health literacy. It describes the development of the resource with case studies of the implementation in Scotland and England, demonstrating the balance between shared development and tailored implementation. The eLearning was developed to increase awareness of NHS workforce and community partners, supplemented by training for NHS librarians and public health specialists to enable them to provide more tailored training on health literacy techniques.


Assuntos
Instrução por Computador , Letramento em Saúde , Bibliotecários , Instrução por Computador/métodos , Humanos , Aprendizagem , Escócia , Recursos Humanos
15.
Rev. enferm. Inst. Mex. Seguro Soc ; 30(3): 43-45, 18-jul-2022.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1379488

RESUMO

Las intervenciones profesionales de los trabajadores sociales y los bibliotecarios durante la pandemia por COVID-19 convergieron en el empleo de las tecnologías de la información para satisfacer necesidades de información tanto de personal médico como de los pacientes y sus familias. La colaboración de estos dos profesionales reforzaría significativamente el equipo multidisciplinario de la salud a partir de la mejora de los canales de flujo de información que se llevan a cabo en el ámbito hospitalario, el fomento a la atención humanizada en salud y las acciones de inclusión social en las bibliotecas para brindar mayores y mejores oportunidades, así como recursos a población vulnerable.


The professional interventions of social workers and librarians during the COVID-19 pandemic converged in the use of information technologies to meet the information needs of both medical personnel and patients and their families. The collaboration of these two professionals would significantly strengthen the multidisciplinary health team by improving the information flow channels that are carried out in the hospital, promoting humanized health care and carrying out social inclusion actions in libraries to provide greater and better opportunities and resources for the vulnerable population.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente , Serviço Social/tendências , Bibliotecários , Atenção à Saúde/tendências , Tecnologia da Informação , Assistentes Sociais , Necessidades e Demandas de Serviços de Saúde , Categorias de Trabalhadores , Populações Vulneráveis , Inclusão Social , Hospitais , Bibliotecas/tendências , Biblioteconomia/métodos
16.
Health Info Libr J ; 39(3): 268-283, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35705196

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Public librarians often address patron inquiries regarding health concerns. However, prior research indicates that public librarians may be unprepared to meet the health information requests of patrons. OBJECTIVE: This study examined the availability of health-themed courses in American Library Association (ALA) accredited Master of Library and Information Studies/Science (MLIS) programs. METHODS: Accredited MLIS programs were identified using the ALA directory. Curricula were reviewed for health content and public librarianship, children's, and young adult concentrations. Descriptive and bivariate analyses assessed the percent of programs that offered various health-related course content and the differences in availability of such content. RESULTS: Of the 59 accredited MLIS programs, only 35 (59.32%) listed at least one health elective and none listed a required health course. No MLIS programs that had a public library concentration (n = 21) listed a required or elective health course, two programs with a children's concentration (n = 25) listed health course electives, and one program with a young adult concentration (n = 25) listed a health course elective. CONCLUSION: ALA-accredited MLIS programs should consider increasing their offerings or requiring health-related courses to improve the training of public librarians to meet the health information needs of communities.


Assuntos
Bibliotecários , Bibliotecas Médicas , Bibliotecas , Biblioteconomia , Criança , Currículo , Humanos , Biblioteconomia/educação , Estados Unidos
17.
Med Ref Serv Q ; 41(2): 213-221, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35511425

RESUMO

The COVID-19 lockdown led to immediate changes in how Virginia Commonwealth University's (VCU) Health Sciences Library (HSL) would support faculty and students through the means of online learning objects (OLOs). Each Research and Education (RED) librarian is responsible for responding to the educational needs of a specific health sciences school or college as well as those of the VCU Health System. A rapid increase in the OLO creation required a mechanism to curate these objects, make them available to all liaisons, and standardize workflows. The act of curating and creating standardized workflows would allow for easier management and updating of content, the ability to share and cross-pollinate content between liaisons, and the prevention of duplicated content by liaisons, thus lessening the workload. Support from key stakeholders, including RED administrators, the Online Learning Librarian (OLL), and the Multimedia Teaching and Learning Librarian (MTLL), enabled a team of RED librarians (who formed an Online Learning Team (OLT)) to standardize workflows and upload them to the department's intranet for future reference.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Educação à Distância , Bibliotecários , Bibliotecas Médicas , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis , Humanos , Fluxo de Trabalho
18.
Med Ref Serv Q ; 41(2): 185-201, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35511428

RESUMO

Medical librarians collaborate with physicians and other healthcare professionals to improve the quality and accessibility of medical information, which includes assembling the best evidence to advance health equality through teaching and research. This column brings together brief cases highlighting the experiences and perspectives of medical librarians, educators, and healthcare professionals using their organizational, pedagogical, and information-analysis skills to advance health equality indexing.


Assuntos
Equidade em Saúde , Bibliotecários , Currículo , Humanos , Vocabulário Controlado
19.
Med Ref Serv Q ; 41(2): 169-177, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35511429

RESUMO

The creation of the current awareness service, Hot Topics, provides opportunities for research engagement while preventing duplicate literature requests and information silos across three campuses. The service provides additional opportunities for the librarians to promote and enhance library resources and services, support evidence-based practice, as well as participate in research projects and studies. Additionally, the service continues the librarians' support of both the American Nurses Credentialing Center's Magnet and Joint Commission reaccreditation efforts.


Assuntos
Bibliotecários , Bibliotecas Médicas , Prática Clínica Baseada em Evidências , Humanos , Estados Unidos
20.
Can Fam Physician ; 68(5): e146-e150, 2022 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35552212

RESUMO

PROBLEM ADDRESSED: Family medicine residency programs need to incorporate ongoing training in the CanMEDS-Family Medicine scholar role. OBJECTIVE OF PROGRAM: To teach and reinforce evidence-based, point-of-care search skills in family medicine residents through involvement of a clinical librarian at morning report. PROGRAM DESCRIPTION: A clinical librarian session is run weekly during morning report while residents rotate through a family medicine-run inpatient unit. An evidence-based model emphasizing preappraised sources for point-of-care searching of clinical questions is introduced, and residents have an opportunity to answer their own clinical questions. Feedback suggests most residents find the sessions affect their practices positively and increase their use of evidence-based, preappraised point-of-care resources. CONCLUSION: Incorporating a clinical librarian in evidence-based medicine sessions enhances family medicine residents' competencies in the CanMEDS-Family Medicine scholar role.


Assuntos
Internato e Residência , Bibliotecários , Competência Clínica , Medicina Baseada em Evidências/educação , Medicina de Família e Comunidade/educação , Humanos , Sistemas Automatizados de Assistência Junto ao Leito
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