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1.
Sci Rep ; 13(1): 465, 2023 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36627313

RESUMO

The rate of a chemical reaction can be sensitive to the isotope composition of the reactants, which provides also for the sensitivity of such "spin-sensitive" reactions to the external magnetic field. Here we demonstrate the effect of the external magnetic field on the enzymatic DNA synthesis together with the effect of the spin-bearing magnesium ions ([Formula: see text]Mg). The rate of DNA synthesis monotonously decreased with the external magnetic field induction increasing in presence of zero-spin magnesium ions ([Formula: see text]Mg). On the contrary, in the presence of the spin-bearing magnesium ions, the dependence of the reaction rate on the magnetic field induction was non-monotonous and possess a distinct minimum at 80-100 mT. To describe the observed effect, we suggested a chemical scheme and biophysical mechanism considering a competition between Zeeman and Fermi interactions in the external magnetic field.


Assuntos
Replicação do DNA , Magnésio , Biofísica , Campos Magnéticos , Biossíntese de Proteínas
2.
Int J Mol Sci ; 24(1)2023 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36614214

RESUMO

Fruiting bodies of Cordyceps cicadae (CC) have been reported to have a therapeutic effect in chronic kidney disease. Due to the rare and expensive resources from natural habitats, artificially cultivated mycelia using submerged liquid cultivation of CC (CCM) have been recently developed as an alternative to scarce sources of CC. However, little is known regarding potential protective effects of CCM against cyclosporine A (CsA)-induced acute nephrotoxicity in vivo and in vitro. In this study, male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into six groups: control, CCM (40 mg and 400 mg/kg, orally), CsA (10 mg/kg, oral gavage), and CsA + CCM (40 mg and 400 mg/kg, orally). At the end of the study on day 8, all rats were sacrificed, and the blood and kidneys retrieved. CsA-induced acute nephrotoxicity was evident by increased levels of blood urea nitrogen (BUN). Levels of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) resident chaperone glucose regulated protein 78 (GRP 78) were increased significantly in rats with acute nephrotoxicity. BUN and GRP 78 were significantly ameliorated in synchronous oral groups of CCM (40 or 400 mg/kg) plus CsA. Examination of hematoxylin and eosin stained kidney tissues revealed that the combined treatment of CCM slightly improved vacuolization in renal tubules upon CsA-induced damage. CsA-induced down-regulation of protein expression of magnesium ion channel proteins and transient receptor potential melastatin 6 and 7 were abolished by the combined treatment of CCM. CCM has the potential to protect the kidney against CsA-induced nephrotoxicity by reducing magnesium ion wasting, tubular cell damage, and ER stress demonstrated further by human renal proximal tubular epithelial cell line HK-2. Our results contribute to the in-depth understanding of the role of polysaccharides and nucleobases as the main secondary metabolites of CCM in the defense system of renal functions in CsA-induced acute nephrotoxicity.


Assuntos
Ciclosporina , Nefropatias , Animais , Masculino , Ratos , Ciclosporina/toxicidade , Chaperona BiP do Retículo Endoplasmático , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Rim/metabolismo , Nefropatias/induzido quimicamente , Nefropatias/tratamento farmacológico , Nefropatias/metabolismo , Magnésio/metabolismo , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/metabolismo , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
3.
Clin Nutr ESPEN ; 53: 196-205, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36657914

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: We aimed to estimate the prevalence of the inadequate intake and status of magnesium, zinc, and vitamins A, C, E, and D and identify factors associated with micronutrient deficiency in serum/plasma among residents of São Paulo, Brazil. METHODS: Data from 824 individuals aged ≥14 years were obtained from the 2015 ISA-Nutrition, a population-based, cross-sectional survey. Dietary and supplement intakes were assessed using two 24-h dietary recalls, and the micronutrient inadequacies were estimated using the National Cancer Institute method. Micronutrient status was measured in serum or plasma, and deficiency was established according to the lower limit of the reference values. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis was used to identify the effect of intake on the micronutrient status in serum/plasma. Logistic regression analysis was applied to assess the association between micronutrient status and individual characteristics. RESULTS: More than 80% of the population had an inadequate dietary intake of magnesium, vitamin E, and vitamin D. Males had a high prevalence of inadequate dietary intake of vitamin A and zinc. A high-to-moderate prevalence of inadequate vitamin C intake was observed. Vitamin D was the only nutrient with a deficient status comparable to its dietary inadequacy. The other nutrients demonstrated a lower deficiency prevalence compared to dietary inadequacy, and vitamin A demonstrated the lowest prevalence of deficiency in plasma. Generally, dietary intake showed a non-notable association with micronutrient deficiency in serum/plasma. Individuals with fasting glucose concentrations ≥100 mg/dL and those using diuretic drugs had a higher risk of serum magnesium deficiency. Those using lipid-lowering drugs and those with high plasma adiponectin concentrations had a higher risk of serum zinc deficiency. Individuals who smoked and those with hypertension showed a higher risk of plasma vitamin C deficiency. Individuals with average leptin concentrations had a higher risk of plasma vitamin E deficiency. Finally, those with sufficient leisure-time physical activity had a lower risk of serum vitamin D deficiency. CONCLUSIONS: Residents of the urban areas of São Paulo demonstrated substantially inadequate intakes of most of the assessed micronutrients; however, micronutrient deficiency in serum/plasma was not associated with dietary inadequacy, and it usually demonstrated a lower prevalence than dietary indicators. Thus, using micronutrient intake to determine the serum/plasma profile should be done with caution. The status of the micronutrients varied according to individual characteristics, indicating the interplay of complex mechanisms underlying micronutrient balance.


Assuntos
Desnutrição , Micronutrientes , Oligoelementos , Vitaminas , Humanos , Masculino , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Magnésio , Micronutrientes/deficiência , Oligoelementos/deficiência , Vitamina A , Vitamina D , Vitamina K , Zinco , Desnutrição/epidemiologia , Dieta
4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36673943

RESUMO

There is growing concern regarding the effects of toxic element exposure on the development of children. However, little is known about the level of toxic elements exposure in Japanese children. The purpose of this study was to assess the concentrations of multiple elements (aluminum, cadmium, lead, calcium, copper, iron, magnesium, sodium, zinc) in the hair of 118 Japanese young children and to explore the factors associated with their element levels. The element concentration was analyzed by ICP-MS, and children's food and water intake were assessed by the questionnaire. Results showed that there were no large differences between the level of elements in the hair of Japanese children and those of children in other developed countries. Girls had significantly higher levels of aluminum, copper, and iron (p = 0.000, 0.014, and 0.013, respectively), and boys had a higher level of sodium (p = 0.006). The levels of calcium, iron, magnesium, and sodium in nursery school children were significantly higher than those in kindergarten children (p = 0.024, 0.001, 0.046, and 0.029, respectively). Multiple regression analyses with controlling the confounding variables showed significant negative associations of frequency of yogurt intake with aluminum and lead levels (p = 0.015 and 0.037, respectively). When the children were divided into three groups based on the frequency of yoghurt consumption, viz. L (≤once a week), M (2 or 3 times a week), and H (≥4 to 6 times a week) group, the mean aluminum concentration (µg/g) in the L, M, and H groups was 11.06, 10.13, and 6.85, while the mean lead concentration (µg/g) was 1.76, 1.70, and 0.87, respectively. Our results suggested the validity of hair element concentrations as an exposure measure of essential elements and frequent yogurt intake as a viable measure for protecting children from toxic elements. However, these findings will need to be confirmed in more detailed studies with larger sample sizes in the future.


Assuntos
Oligoelementos , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Oligoelementos/análise , Cobre , Chumbo/análise , Magnésio/análise , Alumínio , Cálcio , Ferro , Cabelo/química , Sódio
5.
Mymensingh Med J ; 32(1): 54-60, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36594301

RESUMO

The prevalence of diabetes mellitus is a significant global public health concern, particularly in emerging nations like Bangladesh. Bangladesh is already overrun with non-communicable diseases while still battling communicable diseases. About 90.0% of all cases of diabetes that have been diagnosed are type 2 diabetes. High calorie diet, age, sedentary lifestyle and obesity are the main risk factors for type 2 diabetes. Different micronutrients have been linked to an increased incidence of diabetes in addition to existing risk factors. The goal of the study was to assess the serum levels of calcium and magnesium in people with type 2 diabetes mellitus and compare them to those in healthy controls. This cross-sectional study was conducted from July 2018 to June 2019 at the Mymensingh Medical College, Mymensingh, Department of Biochemistry in cooperation with the Department of Endocrinology, Mymensingh Medical College Hospital, Mymensingh, Bangladesh. Purposive (non-random) sampling was used to pick the subjects based on inclusion and exclusion criteria. This study had 100 individuals in total. Out of them, 50 people with type 2 diabetes mellitus who had been diagnosed were chosen as cases, and another 50 people who appeared to be in generally good health were chosen as controls. Serum calcium and magnesium levels were measured for this study's analytical purposes. The mean±SD was used to express all values. The statistical package for social science (SPSS), a Windows application, was used to conduct the statistical analyses. Using the Student's unpaired 't' test, the statistical significance of the difference between the case and control groups was assessed. Following comprehensive analysis, it was discovered that type 2 diabetes mellitus patients had considerably lower mean serum calcium (in case group was 8.46±0.63 and control group 8.86±0.64mg/dl) and magnesium levels (in case group was 2.09±0.42 and control group 2.24±0.16mg/dl) than healthy controls. According to the results of the current investigation, patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus had significantly altered serum calcium and magnesium levels. As a result, the study's hypothesis was accepted.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Humanos , Magnésio , Cálcio , Estudos Transversais , Fatores de Risco , Bangladesh/epidemiologia
6.
Mymensingh Med J ; 32(1): 65-72, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36594303

RESUMO

Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients characterize a large proportion of admissions in coronary care unit and their management and risk stratification is of immense importance. Hypomagnesemia is a long-term risk factor for incident of both myocardial infarction and arrhythmia. We assessed whether serum magnesium levels at admission is associated with arrhythmias and in-hospital mortality in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). The aim of the study was to evaluate the prognostic implications of serum magnesium level in patients with acute myocardial infarction. This cross-sectional observational study was conducted in the department of cardiology in Mymensingh Medical College Hospital from October 2017 to March 2019. Total 259 acute myocardial infarction patients were included considering inclusion and exclusion criteria. The sample population was divided into two groups: Group-I: Patients with acute myocardial infarction with serum magnesium ≥1.82mg/dl. Group-II: Patients with acute myocardial infarction with serum magnesium <1.82mg/dl. Serum magnesium level was measured on admission, and the incidence of in-hospital major cardiac events was assessed. In this study mean serum magnesium level of Group-I, Group-II were 2.21±0.14mg/dl, 1.60±0.15mg/dl respectively. It was statistically significant (p<0.05). In-hospital outcomes of the study group revealed that low risk group patients were uneventful outcome during hospitalization period, they had no any complication. In Group-I patient, 9(4.8%) were developed arrhythmias, 26(13.9%) were developed heart failure, 9(4.8%) were developed cardiogenic shock and 3(1.6%) were died and in Group-II patient, 44(61.10%) developed arrhythmias, 9(12.50%) were developed heart failure, 7(9.7%) were developed cardiogenic shock and 12(16.7%) were died out of them which was statistically significant (p<0.05). Mean duration of hospital stay of the study population according serum magnesium level was in Group-I, 4.27±0.68 days, in Group-II, 5.84±1.05 days which was statistically significant (p<0.05). In conclusion patient with serum magnesium level less than 1.82mg/dl increased the risk of in-hospital arrhythmia and death.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca , Infarto do Miocárdio , Humanos , Choque Cardiogênico/complicações , Magnésio , Estudos Transversais , Infarto do Miocárdio/complicações , Arritmias Cardíacas/etiologia , Arritmias Cardíacas/complicações , Insuficiência Cardíaca/complicações , Hospitais
7.
Int J Mol Sci ; 24(2)2023 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36675115

RESUMO

This study aimed to establish a surface modification technology for ZK60 magnesium alloy implants that can degrade uniformly over time and promote bone healing. It proposes a special micro-arc oxidation (MAO) treatment on ZK60 alloy that enables the composite electrolytes to create a coating with better corrosion resistance and solve the problems of uneven and excessive degradation. A magnesium alloy bone screw made in this way was able to promote the bone healing reaction after implantation in rabbits. Additionally, it was found that the MAO-treated samples could be sustained in simulated body-fluid solution, exhibiting excellent corrosion resistance and electrochemical stability. The Ca ions deposited in the MAO coating were not cytotoxic and were beneficial in enhancing bone healing after implantation.


Assuntos
Osso e Ossos , Magnésio , Animais , Coelhos , Magnésio/farmacologia , Magnésio/química , Corrosão , Próteses e Implantes , Ligas/farmacologia , Ligas/química , Materiais Revestidos Biocompatíveis/farmacologia , Materiais Revestidos Biocompatíveis/química
8.
Nutrients ; 15(2)2023 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36678128

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The under-consumption of calcium, potassium, fiber, and vitamin D is considered a U.S. public health concern. Shifts in eating patterns that increase the consumption of vegetables, fruits, whole grains, nuts/seeds, and dairy products can help achieve the recommended intakes of these nutrients, leading to healthier diets. OBJECTIVE: We assessed the impact of adding 1 ounce (28.35 g) of walnuts to usual diets on diet quality and nutrients of concern, including magnesium, fiber, and potassium. METHODS: We utilized 24 h dietary recalls obtained from the What We Eat in America, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) and modeled the addition of 1 ounce (28.35 g) of walnuts to the usual diets of no-nut consumers. No-nut consumers aged ≥4 years (n = 7757) from the 2015-2018 NHANES study were included. Population percentages with intakes below the estimated average requirement (EAR) values for calcium, magnesium, folate, and vitamin E and above the adequate intake (AI) values for potassium and fiber were examined. Diet quality was assessed using the Healthy Eating Index-2015 (HEI-2015). The National Cancer Institute method was used to estimate the usual and modeled intakes. Significant differences between usual (current) and modeled intakes were determined using non-overlapping 95% confidence intervals. All analyses included sample weights to account for the NHANES survey design. RESULTS: Adding 1 ounce (28.35 g) of walnuts to the usual diet resulted in significant reductions in the percentages of adults with intakes below the EAR for magnesium and folate (69.6% vs. 52.0%; 49.2% vs. 40.6%, respectively), and increased the percentage of adults above the AI for potassium (22.8% vs. 26.5%). A similar trend was observed among children (4-18 years). HEI scores improved significantly from 49.1 (95% CI: 48.0-50.4) to 58.5 (95% CI: 57.5-59.6) in children and from 52.4 (95% CI: 51.0-53.8) to 59.2 (95% CI: 58.0-60.5) in adults. CONCLUSIONS: Adding 1 ounce (28.35 g) of walnuts to the usual diet of no-nut consumers improved the diet quality and adequacy of some under-consumed nutrients.


Assuntos
Juglans , Nozes , Adulto , Criança , Humanos , Estados Unidos , Inquéritos Nutricionais , Magnésio , Cálcio , Dieta , Cálcio na Dieta , Ácido Fólico , Potássio
9.
Med Sci Monit ; 29: e939204, 2023 Jan 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36703508

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Abdominal surgery is associated with a systemic inflammatory response which facilitates postoperative complications through immune imbalance and hypercatabolism. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of the combined perioperative lidocaine, magnesium, and amino acids on postoperative inflammation and pain. MATERIAL AND METHODS This prospective, randomized, double-blind study included 2 groups of patients undergoing abdominal surgery: Group 1 - receiving the aforementioned substances; and Group 2 - control (undergoing conventional general anesthesia). The following parameters were evaluated intraoperatively: arterial blood pressure, end-tidal CO2 level, urine output, bispectral index, base excess, oxygen saturation, operating room temperature and body temperature (BT), opioid use, and surgery duration; and postoperatively: total leukocyte (WBC), neutrophil, lymphocyte and platelet count; fibrinogen, C-reactive protein (CRP), procalcitonin (PCT) and interleukin (IL)-6 levels; numeric rating scale (NRS) pain level, first flatus and bowel movement, and postoperative complications. The postoperative parameters were evaluated 2 h and 6 h postoperatively, as well as on postoperative days (POD) 1, 2, 3, and 5. RESULTS Group 1 showed lower counts of WBC, neutrophils, and lymphocytes and lower fibrinogen, CRP, PCT, IL-6, and BT in the first 5 POD, as well as NRS scores and time to first flatus/bowel movement. The groups did not differ significantly regarding postoperative complications. CONCLUSIONS The isolated effects of lidocaine, magnesium, and amino acids in surgery have been described previously. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to show the anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects of simultaneous use of these substances in abdominal surgery.


Assuntos
Lidocaína , Magnésio , Humanos , Lidocaína/farmacologia , Lidocaína/uso terapêutico , Aminoácidos , Estudos Prospectivos , Flatulência/complicações , Dor Pós-Operatória/tratamento farmacológico , Dor Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Analgésicos Opioides , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Método Duplo-Cego
10.
Nucleic Acids Res ; 51(2): 796-805, 2023 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36625284

RESUMO

Double-strand DNA breaks (DSBs) are toxic to cells, and improper repair can cause chromosomal abnormalities that initiate and drive cancer progression. DNA ligases III and IV (LIG3, LIG4) have long been credited for repair of DSBs in mammals, but recent evidence suggests that DNA ligase I (LIG1) has intrinsic end-joining (EJ) activity that can compensate for their loss. To test this model, we employed in vitro biochemical assays to compare EJ by LIG1 and LIG3. The ligases join blunt-end and 3'-overhang-containing DNA substrates with similar catalytic efficiency, but LIG1 joins 5'-overhang-containing DNA substrates ∼20-fold less efficiently than LIG3 under optimal conditions. LIG1-catalyzed EJ is compromised at a physiological concentration of Mg2+, but its activity is restored by increased molecular crowding. In contrast to LIG1, LIG3 efficiently catalyzes EJ reactions at a physiological concentration of Mg2+ with or without molecular crowding. Under all tested conditions, LIG3 has greater affinity than LIG1 for DNA ends. Remarkably, LIG3 can ligate both strands of a DSB during a single binding encounter. The weaker DNA binding affinity of LIG1 causes significant abortive ligation that is sensitive to molecular crowding and DNA terminal structure. These results provide new insights into mechanisms of alternative nonhomologous EJ.


Assuntos
Quebras de DNA de Cadeia Dupla , DNA Ligase Dependente de ATP , Reparo do DNA , Animais , Humanos , Reparo do DNA por Junção de Extremidades , DNA Ligase Dependente de ATP/genética , DNA Ligase Dependente de ATP/metabolismo , Magnésio , Mamíferos/metabolismo
11.
J Mater Sci Mater Med ; 34(1): 7, 2023 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36622473

RESUMO

Magnesium (Mg) and Selenium (Se) are essential elements for bone health and have been studied extensively for its powerful osteogenesis and promoting bone regeneration. The purpose was to observe whether Co-modified 3D-printed ß-tricalcium phosphate with Mg and Se could promote bone defect regeneration in an ovariectomized(OVX) rat model. The MC3T3-E1 cells were co-cultured with the leachate of ß-TCP, Mg-TCP, and Mg/Se-TCP and induced to osteogenesis, and the cell viability, ROS, and osteogenic activity were observed by Cell Count Kit-8(CCK-8), fluorescent probe 2', 7'-dichlorofluorescin diacetate, Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) staining, Alizarin Red(RES) staining, western blotting(WB), and immunofluorescence. Then the ß-TCP, Mg-TCP, and Mg/Se-TCP were implanted into the femoral epiphysis bone defect model of OVX rats for 12 weeks. Micro-CT and histology analysis were used to observe the therapeutic effect. In vitro results show that the cell mineralization and osteogenic activity of the Mg/Se-TCP group is significantly higher than the ß-TCP group and Mg-TCP group. Protein expressions such as FOxO1, SIRT1, SOD2, Runx-2, Cola1a, and OC of the Mg/Se-TCP group are significantly higher than the Con group and the ß-TCP group. The results of intracellular ROS and SIRT1 and SOD2 immunofluorescence showed that Mg/Se-TCP can restore the oxidative stress balance of osteoblasts. Micro-CT and histology analysis showed that treatment with Mg/Se-TCP showed the largest amount of bone tissue in the defect area (p < 0.05), and exhibited lower values of residual biological material (p < 0.05), compared to that of the ß-TCP group and Mg-TCP group. Our research results confirm that Mg/Se-TCP can improve the activity and function of osteoblasts and enhance bone regeneration mediated by reducing intracellular ROS in OVX rat models. The release of Mg and Se during the degradation of Mg/Se-TCP can improve the local bone repair ability. At the same time, it can also inhibit cell ROS, and ultimately greatly promote local bone repair.


Assuntos
Selênio , Ratos , Animais , Magnésio/farmacologia , Sirtuína 1 , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio , Regeneração Óssea , Fosfatos de Cálcio/farmacologia , Osteogênese , Impressão Tridimensional
12.
J Mater Sci Mater Med ; 34(1): 8, 2023 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36630012

RESUMO

Mg-based biomaterials are commonly used as biodegradable orthopedic implants (e.g., bone regeneration applications). However, achieving high biocompatibility and corrosion resistance has remained a challenge to be tackled. In this work, to investigate various fabricated coatings (with and without pre- anodizing), five categories of samples are considered: (a) bare Mg alloy (Mg), (b) Anodized Mg alloy (Mg-A), (c) CS-coated Mg alloy (Mg-C), (d) CS-coated anodized Mg alloy (Mg-AC), and (e) CS-CNT-coated anodized Mg alloy (Mg-ACC). These samples were characterized by using Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopes (FE-SEM), Energy Dispersive Spectroscopy (EDS), Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FT-IR), and Raman Spectroscopy. The adhesion within the coated samples was compared. Then, the effects of the coatings were evaluated by comparing wettability, corrosion behavior, and biocompatibility for bare and coated samples. The adhesion test showed that the coatings exhibited higher adhesion for Mg-AC and Mg-ACC compared to Mg-C. Desired wettability was achieved as the contact angles of coated samples were in the range of 55°- 65°. Electrochemical impedance and polarization as well as immersion tests showed higher corrosion resistance for coated samples. The composite coated sample showed improved cell adhesion since the osteoblast cells covered almost the entire surface of the sample. Moreover, osteoblast cell viability for the sample was around 40% higher than that of the bare sample.


Assuntos
Quitosana , Nanotubos de Carbono , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Magnésio/química , Materiais Revestidos Biocompatíveis/química , Excipientes , Ligas/química , Corrosão
13.
Aliment Pharmacol Ther ; 57(4): 399-408, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36645152

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Evidence for antioxidants, minerals and vitamins in relation to the risk of Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) is limited and inconsistent. This mendelian randomization (MR) study aimed to examine the causal associations of circulating levels of antioxidants, minerals and vitamins with CD and UC. METHODS: Single-nucleotide polymorphisms associated with antioxidants (beta-carotene, lycopene and uric acid), minerals (copper, calcium, iron, magnesium, phosphorus, zinc and selenium), and vitamins (folate, vitamins A, B6, B12, C, D, E and K1) were employed as instrumental variables. Genetic associations with CD and UC were extracted from the UK Biobank, the FinnGen study and the International Inflammatory Bowel Disease Genetics Consortium. The inverse variance weighted method and sensitivity analyses were performed. RESULTS: Genetically predicted higher lycopene (OR = 0.94, 95% CI: 0.91-0.97), vitamins D (OR = 0.65, 95% CI: 0.54-0.79) and K1 (OR = 0.93, 95% CI: 0.90-0.97) levels were inversely associated with CD risk, whereas genetically predicted higher magnesium (OR = 1.53, 95% CI: 1.23-1.90) levels were positively associated with CD risk. Higher levels of genetically predicted lycopene (OR = 0.91, 95% CI: 0.88-0.95), phosphorus (OR = 0.69, 95% CI: 0.58-0.82), selenium (OR = 0.91, 95% CI: 0.85-0.97), zinc (OR = 0.91, 95% CI: 0.89-0.94), folate (OR = 0.71, 95% CI: 0.56-0.92) and vitamin E (OR = 0.78, 95% CI: 0.69-0.88) were associated with reduced UC risk, whereas genetically predicted high levels of calcium (OR = 1.46, 95% CI: 1.22-1.76) and magnesium (OR = 1.24, 95% CI: 1.03-1.49) were associated with increased risk of UC. CONCLUSIONS: Our study provided evidence that circulating levels of antioxidants, minerals and vitamins might be causally linked to the development of IBD.


Assuntos
Colite Ulcerativa , Doença de Crohn , Selênio , Humanos , Vitaminas , Doença de Crohn/genética , Doença de Crohn/complicações , Colite Ulcerativa/genética , Colite Ulcerativa/complicações , Antioxidantes , Magnésio , Cálcio , Licopeno , Análise da Randomização Mendeliana , Vitamina A , Vitamina K , Ácido Fólico , Zinco , Fósforo
14.
J Pharmacol Sci ; 151(2): 88-92, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36707183

RESUMO

Magnesium (Mg2+) plays an important role in various cellular functions such as protein synthesis, DNA stability, energy metabolism, enzyme and channel activities, and muscle contractility. Therefore, intracellular Mg2+ concentration is tightly regulated by multiple Mg2+ transporters and channels. So far, various candidate genes of Mg2+ transporters have been identified, and the research on their structure and function is currently in progress. The Solute Carrier 41 (SLC41) family, which is related to the bacterial Mg2+ transporter/channel MgtE, comprises three isoforms of SLC41A1, SLC41A2, and SLC41A3. Based on recent studies, SLC41A1 is thought to mediate Mg2+ influx or Na+-dependent Mg2+ efflux across the plasma membrane, whereas SLC41A2 and SLC41A3 may mediate Mg2+ fluxes across either the plasma membrane or organellar membranes. Intriguingly, SLC41A1 variants have been identified in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) and nephronophthisis-related ciliopathies. Further genetic analyses reveal the association of SLC41A1 polymorphisms with PD risks. This review highlights the recent advances in the understanding of the molecular and functional characteristics of SLC41 family towards its therapeutic and diagnostic applications.


Assuntos
Magnésio , Proteínas de Membrana Transportadoras , Humanos , Proteínas de Membrana Transportadoras/metabolismo , Magnésio/metabolismo , Membrana Celular/metabolismo , Transporte Biológico
15.
BMC Oral Health ; 23(1): 48, 2023 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36709299

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To investigate the inhibition mechanism of copper ions on Streptococcus mutans-Veillonella parvula dual biofilm. METHODS: S. mutans-V. parvula dual biofilm was constructed and copper ions were added at different concentrations. After the biofilm was collected, RNA-seq and qRT-PCR were then performed to get gene information. RESULTS: The coculture of S. mutans and V. parvula formed a significantly better dual biofilm of larger biomass than S. mutans mono biofilm. And copper ions showed a more significant inhibitory effect on S. mutans-V. parvula dual biofilm than on S. mutans mono biofilm when copper ions concentration reached 100 µM, and copper ions showed a decreased inhibitory effect on S. gordonii-V. parvula dual biofilm and S. sanguis-V.parvula dual biofilm than on the two mono biofilms as the concentration of copper ions increased. And common trace elements such as iron, magnesium, and zinc showed no inhibitory effect difference on S. mutans-V. parvula dual biofilm. The RNA-seq results showed a significant difference in the expression of a new ABC transporter SMU_651c, SMU_652c, SMU_653c, and S. mutans copper chaperone copYAZ. SMU_651c, SMU_652c, and SMU_653c were predicted to function as nitrite/nitrate transporter-related proteins, which suggested the specific inhibition of copper ions on S. mutans-V. parvula dual biofilm may be caused by the activation of S. mutans reactive nitrogen species. CONCLUSIONS: Streptococcus mutans and Veillonella parvula are symbiotic, forming a dual biofilm of larger biomass to better resist the external antibacterial substances, which may increase the virulence of S. mutans. While common trace elements such as iron, magnesium, and zinc showed no specific inhibitory effect on S. mutans-V. parvula dual biofilm, copper ion had a unique inhibitory effect on S. mutans-V. parvula dual biofilm which may be caused by activating S. mutans RNS when copper ions concentration reached 250 µM.


Assuntos
Streptococcus mutans , Oligoelementos , Humanos , Cobre/farmacologia , Cobre/metabolismo , Oligoelementos/metabolismo , Oligoelementos/farmacologia , Magnésio/metabolismo , Magnésio/farmacologia , Zinco
16.
Int J Mol Sci ; 24(2)2023 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36674498

RESUMO

The relationship between sleep and micronutrients, including magnesium, is implicated in its regulation. The effects of low magnesium and other micronutrients on sleep disruption and telomere loss are not well understood. The present study was carried out in 172 healthy elderly subjects from South Australia. Plasma micronutrients including magnesium were measured. Each participant provided information about their sleep hours (<7 h or ≥7 h). Lymphocyte telomere length (TL) was measured by real-time qPCR assay. Plasma magnesium level was significantly low in subjects who sleep less than 7 h (p = 0.0002). TL was significantly shorter in people who are low in magnesium and sleep less than 7 h (p = 0.01). Plasma homocysteine (Hcy) is negatively associated with magnesium (r = -0.299; p < 0.0001). There is a significant interaction effect of magnesium and Hcy on sleep duration (p = 0.04) and TL (p = 0.003). Our results suggest that inadequate magnesium levels have an adverse impact on sleep and telomere attrition rate in cognitively normal elderly people, and this may be exacerbated by low levels of vitamin B12 and folate that elevate Hcy concentration.


Assuntos
Magnésio , Vitamina B 12 , Humanos , Idoso , Austrália , Ácido Fólico , Telômero/genética , Sono , Micronutrientes , Homocisteína
17.
Int J Mol Sci ; 24(2)2023 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36674581

RESUMO

Unilamellar vesicles of the biologically relevant lipids phosphatidic acid (PA) and phosphatidylserine (PS) with fully saturated (DM-) or partly unsaturated (PO-) acyl side chains were exposed to Ca, Mn and Mg in single metal additions; in equimolar mixtures or by sequential additions of one metal at a time. Laurdan generalized polarization measured the membrane fluidity, while dynamic light scattering reported liposome size changes complemented by zeta potential. All metals induced membrane rigidity and increased liposome sizes across all systems. Mn had the strongest effect overall, but Mg was comparable for DMPS. Lipid side chain architecture was important as GP values for binary mixtures were higher than expected from the sum of values for single additions added to POPS but smaller for DMPS. Sequential additions were predominantly different for Ca:Mg mixtures. Mn induced the strongest increase of liposome size in saturated lipids whereas Ca effects dominated unsaturated matrices. Binary additions induced larger sizes than the sum of single additions for POPS, but much lower changes in DMPA. The order of addition was relevant for PS systems. Thus, lipid structure determines metal effects, but their impact is modulated by other ions. Thus, metal effects may differ with the local lipid architecture and metal concentrations within cells.


Assuntos
Cálcio , Lipossomos , Lipossomos/química , Cálcio/farmacologia , Magnésio/farmacologia , Manganês/farmacologia , Fluidez de Membrana , Cálcio na Dieta/farmacologia , Lipídeos/química
18.
World J Gastroenterol ; 29(2): 332-342, 2023 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36687126

RESUMO

Magnesium (Mg2+) has an important role in numerous biological functions, and Mg2+ deficiency is associated with several diseases. Therefore, adequate intestinal absorption of Mg2+ is vital for health. The small intestine was previously thought to absorb digested Mg2+ exclusively through an unregulated paracellular mechanism, which is responsible for approximately 90% of total Mg2+ absorption. Recent studies, however, have revealed that the duodenum, jejunum, and ileum absorb Mg2+ through both transcellular and paracellular routes. Several regulatory factors of small intestinal Mg2+ uptake also have been explored, e.g., parathyroid hormone, fibroblast growth factor-23, apical acidity, proton pump inhibitor, and pH-sensing channel and receptors. The mechanistic factors underlying proton pump inhibitor suppression of small intestinal Mg2+, such as magnesiotropic protein dysfunction, higher mucosal bicarbonate secretion, Paneth cell dysfunction, and intestinal inflammation, are currently being explored. The potential role of small intestinal microbiomes in Mg2+ absorption has also been proposed. In this article, we reviewed the current knowledge on the mechanisms and regulatory factors of small intestinal Mg2+ absorption.


Assuntos
Magnésio , Inibidores da Bomba de Prótons , Humanos , Magnésio/metabolismo , Inibidores da Bomba de Prótons/uso terapêutico , Intestino Delgado/metabolismo , Íleo/metabolismo , Absorção Intestinal/fisiologia , Mucosa Intestinal/metabolismo
19.
In Vivo ; 37(1): 190-203, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36593054

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Hydroxyapatite (HA) coating can improve the degradation rate and biological activity of metallic implants. This study aimed to fabricate a hydroxyapatite-coated ultrafine-grained biodegradable WE43 magnesium (HA/UFG-WE43 Mg) implant for repairing bone fractures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A hybrid approach, including parallel tubular-channel angular pressing (PTCAP) and physical vapour deposition (PVD) magnetron sputtering, was employed. The HA/UFG-WE43 Mg samples were tested in terms of their physicochemical and biological properties. RESULTS: The processed tubes exhibited ultrafine structures and the uniformity of microstructures improved following the two-pass PTCAP. The phase composition of the coating formed on UFG-WE43 Mg implant at 250 W for 90 min after heat treatment at 500°C for 60 min confirmed the presence of the HA characteristic peaks. Rat skeletal muscle cells were inoculated on the specimens and cultured for 1, 2, 6, 12, and 24 h, followed by evaluation of cell adhesion and morphology. The growth rates of cells were examined by the Cell Counting Kit8 (CCK-8) and cell survival was observed after 3 days of culture by fluorescence microscopy. The concentration of Mg ions in the blood of rats on 1, 3, 5, 7, and 15 days showed a reduction in Mg concentration after deposition of HA. CONCLUSION: Combination of PTCAP processing followed by surface modification led to tibial fracture healing, and histological analysis of implanted areas demonstrated an efficient biodegradation of the implanted material and a moderate inflammatory reaction.


Assuntos
Durapatita , Fraturas Ósseas , Ratos , Animais , Durapatita/química , Magnésio/química , Ligas/química , Materiais Revestidos Biocompatíveis/química , Teste de Materiais
20.
Biol Lett ; 19(1): 20220438, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36651149

RESUMO

Overcoming the non-specificity of histological accentuated growth lines in hard tissues is an ongoing challenge. Identifying season at death and reproductive events has profound implications for evolutionary, ecological and conservation studies. Dental cementum is a mineralized tissue with yearly periodicity that continues deposition from tooth formation until death, maintaining a record spanning almost the entire life of an individual. Recent work has successfully employed elemental analysis of calcified incremental tissues to detect changes in extrinsic conditions such as diet and climate and to identify two important life-history milestones: weaning and sexual maturity. Here, we employ field-emission scanning electron microscopy and energy-dispersive X-ray analysis to measure the relative concentrations of calcium, phosphorous, oxygen, magnesium and sodium in the cementum of 34 teeth from seven male and female rhesus macaques with known medical and life-history information. We find that changes in relative magnesium concentrations correspond with reproductive events in females and breastfeeding in infants. Additionally, we observe seasonal calcium patterns in 77.3% of the samples.


Assuntos
Cálcio , Dente , Animais , Masculino , Feminino , Magnésio , Macaca mulatta , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura
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