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1.
Molecules ; 27(17)2022 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36080394

RESUMO

Acerola (Malpighia emarginata D.C.) is an exotic fruit with high agro-industrial potential due to its high content of ascorbic acid (AA), phenolic compounds, and carotenoid pigments. Acerola fruit is processed into concentrated juice or powder to be incorporated into food supplements. The ascorbic acid content of concentrated juice or powders must be controlled and well assessed. Therefore, the development of optimal methods and procedures for the rapid and accurate determination of the ascorbic acid content in juice concentrate and juice powder remains of considerable commercial interest. NMR spectroscopy is currently a powerful spectroscopic tool for the qualitative and quantitative analysis of molecules of all types and sizes. Firstly, this article presents the NMR-based metabolomic profiling of acerola juice and concentrate powder to describe and compare their composition. Thirty-six metabolites were identified. The AA over choline ratio and the NMR metabolomic profiles could be used for authentication in the future. Secondly, a rapid (8 min), reliable, and non-destructive method for the quantification of ascorbic acid by 1D 1H-NMR spectroscopy was developed and validated. The LOD and LOQ were 0.05 and 0.15 mg/mL, respectively. These two approaches could be combined to better characterize ingredients derived from acerola and incorporated into food supplements.


Assuntos
Ácido Ascórbico , Malpighiaceae , Ácido Ascórbico/análise , Suplementos Nutricionais/análise , Frutas/química , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Malpighiaceae/química , Pós/análise , Rutina/análise
2.
Food Chem ; 397: 133718, 2022 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35940099

RESUMO

The untargeted metabolomics approach was used to compare the chemical profiles of acerola (Malpighia emarginata DC.) pomace extracts. The effect of drying the raw material before subcritical water extraction (SWE) at different temperatures on the yield, phenolic content, and in vitro antioxidant activity was evaluated. The results were compared with those obtained via Soxhlet and the findings suggest that SWE saves time (15 min) and solvent for extracting valuable components as compared to Soxhlet (6 h). An increase in temperature significantly improved the extraction yield (23.9 to 33.4 %), phenolic content (119.1 to 362 mgGAEg-1), and antioxidant activity, and higher values were obtained with SWE as compared to Soxhlet. The most abundant compounds detected by UPLC-ESI-QTOF-MS were ascorbic acid, kaempferol, quercetin, and isorhamnetin. The investigation of different moisture contents in the SWE showed promising results for eliminating the drying operation, saving time and energy, and obtaining highly concentrated phenolic-rich by-products.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes , Malpighiaceae , Extratos Vegetais , Água , Antioxidantes/química , Antioxidantes/isolamento & purificação , Ácido Ascórbico , Malpighiaceae/química , Metabolômica , Fenóis/análise , Fenóis/isolamento & purificação , Extratos Vegetais/química , Rutina , Água/química
3.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 297: 115534, 2022 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35842178

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Byrsonima fagifolia Niedenzu (Malpighiaceae) and other Byrsonima species are popularly employed in Brazilian traditional medicine in the form of preparations as cicatrizing, anti-inflammatory, and antimicrobial. AIM OF THE STUDY: To characterize the phytochemical profile of the hydromethanolic extract obtained from B. fagifolia leaves (BF extract) and to evaluate the toxicity and the antifungal activity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The compounds from BF extract were isolated by HPLC and the structures were elucidated based on extensive analyses of 1D and 2D NMR spectra (HMQC, HMBC and COSY) data. The antifungal effect was determined by the broth microdilution method and the toxicity was evaluated on erythrocytes from sheep's blood and Galleria mellonella larvae. RESULTS: Phytochemical investigation of the BF extract led to the isolation and characterization of pyrogallol, n-butyl gallate, 3,4-di-O-galloylquinic acid, 3,5-di-O-galloylquinic acid, 3,4,5-tri-O-galloylquinic acid, and 1,3,4,5-tetra-O-galloylquinic acid. The BF extract showed high content of galloylquinic acid derivatives reaching more than twenty-times the quercetin derivatives content, according to the quantification by HPLC. These galloylquinic acid derivatives, obtained during this study, and quercetin derivatives, previously isolated, were submitted to the antifungal assays. The BF extract inhibited yeast growth mainly against Cryptococcus spp., at concentrations of 1-16 µg/mL, comparable to isolated compounds galloylquinic acid derivatives. However, the quercetin derivatives as well as quinic acid, gallic acid, and methyl gallate showed lower antifungal effect compared with galloylquinic derivatives. In addition, the BF extract had no hemolytic effect and no toxicity on G. mellonella. CONCLUSION: The phytochemical analysis revealed that galloylquinic acid derivatives are the major compounds in the leaves of B. fagifolia and they are associated to anti-cryptococcal activity and presented reduced toxicity.


Assuntos
Antifúngicos , Malpighiaceae , Animais , Antifúngicos/toxicidade , Malpighiaceae/química , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extratos Vegetais/toxicidade , Folhas de Planta , Quercetina , Ovinos
4.
Molecules ; 27(14)2022 Jul 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35889467

RESUMO

From the dried vines of Aspidopterys obcordata Hemsl, five new polyoxypregnane glycosides, named obcordatas J-N (1-5), were obtained. Their structures were fully elucidated and characterized by HRESIMS and extensive spectroscopic data. In addition, all of the new compounds were screened for their antinephrolithiasis activity in vitro. The results showed that compounds 1-3 have prominent protective effects on calcium oxalate crystal-induced human kidney 2 (HK-2) cells, with EC50 values ranging from 6.72 to 14.00 µM, which is consistent with the application value of A. obcordata in folk medicine for kidney stones.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Malpighiaceae , Saponinas , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Glicosídeos/química , Glicosídeos/farmacologia , Humanos , Malpighiaceae/química , Estrutura Molecular , Saponinas/química
5.
Carbohydr Polym ; 294: 119777, 2022 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35868792

RESUMO

Aspidopterys obcordata vine is a Chinese Dai ethnic herb used to treat urolithiasis. However, the material basis and underlying mechanisms remain undefined. In this study, a 2.3 kD inulin-like A. obcordata fructan (AOFOS) was isolated by size exclusion column chromatography and characterized by ultrahigh-performance liquid chromatography-ion trap-time of flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-IT-TOF-MS), nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy, gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and high-performance gel permeation chromatography (HGPC). In addition, AOFOS showed unique anti-urolithiasis activity in Drosophila kidney stone models. Mechanism study indicated that AOFOS reduced the size of calcium oxalate crystals by inhibiting the formation of large size crystals and the generation rate of calcium oxalate crystals as well as the crystal form conversion from calcium oxalate monohydrate (COM) to calcium oxalate dihydrate (COD).


Assuntos
Cálculos Renais , Malpighiaceae , Oxalato de Cálcio/química , Cristalização , Frutanos , Inulina , Cálculos Renais/química
6.
Food Sci Technol Int ; 28(5): 440-450, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34151622

RESUMO

The aim of the present study was to develop a mixed tropical fruit juice of cashew apple, acerola and melon with low added-sugar content considering sensory and nutritional aspects. Five formulations were developed varying the concentration of the different fruits. A total of 172 consumers rated their overall liking using a 9-point hedonic scale and described their sensory characteristics using a Check-all-that-apply question. In addition, the functional properties of the juices were evaluated by analyzing vitamin C, total phenolic compounds and antioxidant capacity. Results showed that the addition of sugar and fruit composition affected the sensory characteristics and consumer liking of the formulations. Samples without added sugar and with higher melon concentration showed lower liking scores (p < 0.05). In addition, the highest concentration of acerola had a positive effect on nutritional characteristics. The formulation with 50% of fruit pulp (60% of cashew apple, 30% of acerola and 10% of melon), 47% of water, and 3% of added sugar achieved the best results. The effect of aroma on sweetness perception was investigated by adding identical to natural aromas of melon, apple and pineapple to the selected formulation. However, aroma did not significantly modify sweetness perception, evaluated using a rate-all-that-apply question.


Assuntos
Anacardium , Malpighiaceae , Ácido Ascórbico , Comportamento do Consumidor , Frutas , Sucos de Frutas e Vegetais , Odorantes , Açúcares , Paladar
7.
J Sci Food Agric ; 102(4): 1488-1497, 2022 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34402073

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Acerola cherry is a famous functional fruit containing plentiful antioxidants and other nutrients. However, studies on the variations among nutrients during the ripening process of acerola fruit are scare. RESULTS: Comparative metabolomic and transcriptomic analyses were performed and identified 31 331 unigenes and 1896 annotated metabolite features in acerola cherry fruit. K Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes enrichment analysis showed that several antioxidant and nutrient-related metabolic pathways, such as the flavonoids, vitamins, carotenoids, amino acids, and fatty acids metabolic pathways, were significantly changed during the ripening process. The metabolites related to the vitamin, carotenoid, and fatty acid metabolic pathways were downregulated during the ripening process. Several flavonoid biosynthesis-related genes (including dihydroflavonol 4-reductase, chalcone synthase, flavanone 3-hydroxylase, and anthocyanidin synthase), were significantly upregulated, suggesting their essential functions in the accumulation of flavonoids in mature fruit. CONCLUSION: Most of the vitamin and carotenoid metabolism-related metabolites significantly accumulated in immature fruit, suggesting that immature acerola fruit is a good material for the extraction of vitamins and carotenoids. For macronutrients, most of the amino acids accumulated in mature fruit and most of the fatty acids greatly accumulated in immature fruit. Our data revealed the differential accumulation of antioxidants and nutrients during the ripening process of acerola cherry fruit. © 2021 Society of Chemical Industry.


Assuntos
Malpighiaceae , Antioxidantes , Ácido Ascórbico , Frutas/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Malpighiaceae/genética , Transcriptoma
8.
Protoplasma ; 259(3): 789-807, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34519915

RESUMO

Most Neotropical Malpighiaceae species are characterized by having zygomorphic flowers and oil glands in the sepals called elaiophores; these floral characteristics are associated with a particular pollination syndrome through oil-collecting bees. This work proposes a study about the structural characteristics of elaiophores in 18 species of Malpighiaceae present in Argentina. The main objectives are to describe the morphology and anatomy of the elaiophores, to detect variation in the number of glands, to compare similarities or differences in elaiophores of species belonging to different lineages, and to know about the potential pollinators and their association with the structural traits of the elaiophores. The morphology and the anatomy were studied using traditional methods of scanning electron and bright-field microscopes. Field trips were carried out to capture oil-collecting bee species on flowers, in different natural populations. Different measurements were taken in the flowers, elaiophores, and oil-collecting bees and were statistically analyzed. Although elaiophores showed a common pattern, some particularities in number, morphology, and anatomy were detected; few of these seem to be restricted to some groups of species phylogenetically related. As regards pollinators, a positive tendency was observed between the size of the flowers, elaiophores, and oil-collecting bees. However, the thickness of the cuticle presented a negative association with the size of the elaiophore and consequently with the floral diameter, which could be presumably related to the foraging behavior and/or the structure of oil-collecting apparatus of the bee species.


Assuntos
Malpighiaceae , Animais , Abelhas , Flores/anatomia & histologia , Fenótipo , Polinização
9.
Nat Prod Res ; 36(13): 3450-3454, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33287568

RESUMO

This work aimed to carry out phytochemical prospecting and evaluate the antioxidant potential of Diplopterys pubipetala, a species of Malpighiaceae family that has not yet been studied.In qualitative analyses of hydroethanolic extracts of leaves and stems were detected the presence of flavonoids, alkaloidsand terpenes. The histochemical evaluation evidenced a greater distribution of these compounds in the tissues of leaf when compared with those of stem. The analysis by mass spectrometry allowed the identification of prenylated xanthones and glycoside flavonoids that have not yet been reported in the literature. The antioxidant activity of the stem extract was considered moderate (IAA = 0.79), but the leaves presented a strong antioxidant activity (IAA = 1.6). In this work we present information about the phytochemicals of D. pubipetala, showing that the species is promising in obtaining compounds with medicinal potential mainly antioxidant potential.


Assuntos
Malpighiaceae , Antioxidantes/química , Flavonoides/química , Malpighiaceae/química , Compostos Fitoquímicos/análise , Extratos Vegetais/química , Folhas de Planta/química
10.
Naturwissenschaften ; 109(1): 3, 2021 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34874484

RESUMO

The concept of mimicry has been developed for animals, but it also applies to plants. Plant species may be Müllerian mimics if they have similar reproductive traits and offer similar rewards to the pollinators. Several Oncidiinae orchids offer floral oils to their pollinators and have been suggested to form a Müllerian complex with species of Malpighiaceae. We provide a test of this hypothesis using Gomesa flexuosa (Orchidaceae) and Janusia guaranitica (Malpighiaceae), which are sympatric and phenologically synchronous, secrete the same floral resource (oils), and show similar flower morphology. We exposed individuals of Gomesa near and far from individuals of Janusia and monitored floral visitation. Both species were exclusively pollinated by oil-collecting bees, sharing Centris trigonoides as a pollinator. Nevertheless, the probability of bee visitation, number of contact approximations, and number of visits to flowers of Gomesa were similar when individuals were near and far from Janusia. These findings do not support the Müllerian mimicry hypothesis in these two species. Their resemblances can be better explained by the "exploitation of perceptual biases" hypothesis. According to this hypothesis, pre-existing traits in Oncidiinae orchids (e.g. colour, shape, rewards) may coopt oil-collecting bees that usually search for rewards in Malpighiaceae species with similar flower traits.


Assuntos
Mimetismo Biológico , Malpighiaceae , Orchidaceae , Animais , Abelhas , Flores , Óleos , Polinização
11.
Molecules ; 26(20)2021 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34684768

RESUMO

The enrichment of commonly consumed foods with bioactive components might be helpful in promoting health and reducing the risk of disease, so the enrichment of probiotic fermented milk with vitamin C can be considered appropriate. The effect of vitamin C addition depends on the source of origin (rosehip, acerola and ascorbic acid in powder form) on the growth and survival of Lactobacillus rhamnosus and the quality of fermented milk on the 1st and 21st day of storage was analyzed. The pH, total acidity, vitamin C, syneresis, color, texture profile and numbers of bacterial cells in fermented milk were determined. The organoleptic evaluation was also performed. The degradation of vitamin C in milk was shown to depend on its source. The lowest reduction of vitamin C was determined in milk with rosehip. The least stable was vitamin C naturally found in control milk. The addition of rosehip and acerola decreased syneresis and lightness of milk color, increasing the yellow and red color proportion. In contrast, milk with ascorbic acid was the lightest during the whole experimental period and was characterized by a very soft gel. The growth of Lactobacillus rhamnosus during fermentation was most positively affected by the addition of rosehip. However, the best survival of Lactobacillus rhamnosus was demonstrated in milk with acerola. On the 21st day of storage, the number of L. rhamnosus cells in the control milk and the milk with vitamin C was >8 log cfu g-1, so these milks met the criterion of therapeutic minimum. According to the assessors, the taste and odor contributed by the addition of rosehip was the most intense of all the vitamin C sources used in the study.


Assuntos
Ácido Ascórbico/administração & dosagem , Produtos Fermentados do Leite/análise , Produtos Fermentados do Leite/microbiologia , Lactobacillus rhamnosus/metabolismo , Probióticos/metabolismo , Animais , Ácido Ascórbico/isolamento & purificação , Estabilidade de Medicamentos , Fermentação , Armazenamento de Alimentos , Humanos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Malpighiaceae/química , Odorantes , Pós , Rosa/química , Paladar
12.
BMC Plant Biol ; 21(1): 437, 2021 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34579652

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Some subspecies of Dichapetalum gelonioides are the only tropical woody zinc (Zn)-hyperaccumulator plants described so far and the first Zn hyperaccumulators identified to occur exclusively on non-Zn enriched 'normal' soils. The aim of this study was to investigate Zn cycling in the parent rock-soil-plant interface in the native habitats of hyperaccumulating Dichapetalum gelonioides subspecies (subsp. pilosum and subsp. sumatranum). We measured the Zn isotope ratios (δ66Zn) of Dichapetalum plant material, and associated soil and parent rock materials collected from Sabah (Malaysian Borneo). RESULTS: We found enrichment in heavy Zn isotopes in the topsoil (δ66Zn 0.13 ‰) relative to deep soil (δ66Zn -0.15 ‰) and bedrock (δ66Zn -0.90 ‰). This finding suggests that both weathering and organic matter influenced the Zn isotope pattern in the soil-plant system, with leaf litter cycling contributing significantly to enriched heavier Zn in topsoil. Within the plant, the roots were enriched in heavy Zn isotopes (δ66Zn ~ 0.60 ‰) compared to mature leaves (δ66Zn ~ 0.30 ‰), which suggests highly expressed membrane transporters in these Dichapetalum subspecies preferentially transporting lighter Zn isotopes during root-to-shoot translocation. The shoots, mature leaves and phloem tissues were enriched in heavy Zn isotopes (δ66Zn 0.34-0.70 ‰) relative to young leaves (δ66Zn 0.25 ‰). Thisindicates that phloem sources are enriched in heavy Zn isotopes relative to phloem sinks, likely because of apoplastic retention and compartmentalization in the Dichapetalum subspecies. CONCLUSIONS: The findings of this study reveal Zn cycling in the rock-soil-plant continuum within the natural habitat of Zn hyperaccumulating subspecies of Dichapetalum gelonioides from Malaysian Borneo. This study broadens our understanding of the role of a tropical woody Zn hyperaccumulator plant in local Zn cycling, and highlights the important role of leaf litter recycling in the topsoil Zn budget. Within the plant, phloem plays key role in Zn accumulation and redistribution during growth and development. This study provides an improved understanding of the fate and behaviour of Zn in hyperaccumulator soil-plant systems, and these insights may be applied in the biofortification of crops with Zn.


Assuntos
Transporte Biológico/fisiologia , Malpighiaceae/metabolismo , Folhas de Planta/metabolismo , Raízes de Plantas/metabolismo , Solo/química , Isótopos de Zinco/metabolismo , Bornéu , Malpighiaceae/química , Folhas de Planta/química , Raízes de Plantas/química , Isótopos de Zinco/química
13.
Mol Biol Rep ; 48(5): 4039-4046, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34014470

RESUMO

Byrsonima Rich. is one of the largest genera of the Malpighiaceae family with 97 species occurrence in Brazil and multiple potentialities, including pharmaceutical and food industries. In this study, 17 microsatellite markers characterized in Byrsonima cydoniifolia were tested for seven related taxa, all species are native to Brazil and four are endemic. Genomic DNA was extracted from leaves tissues and 17 microsatellite markers were used to cross-amplification of microsatellite regions. Polymorphism and genetic diversity were evaluated for B. intermedia, B. verbascifolia, B. laxiflora, B. subterranea, B. umbellata, B. linearifolia. from 16 individuals and for B. viminifolia from 14 individuals. Transferred microsatellite markers panels ranged from 11 (64.8%) in B. viminifolia to 6 (35.2%) in B. umbellata. The total number of alleles per locus ranged from 5 (B. linearifolia) to 8 (B. subterranea) alleles. B. umbellata showed lower values of observed and expected heterozygosity (HO = 0.312; HE = 0.436) and B. subterranea presented the highest values (HO = 0.687; HE = 0.778). A greater number of microsatellite markers should be developed for B. umbellata. The microsatellite marker panels transferred to the species B. intermedia, B. verbascifolia, B. laxiflora, B. subterranea, B. viminifolia and B. linearifolia are very informative, with a high combined probability of exclusion of paternity (Q ≥ 0.976) and the low combined probability of identity (I ≤ 9.91 × 10-6), potentially suitable for future genetic-population studies, supporting strategies for maintaining the genetic diversity and for exploration of Byrsonima species as genetic resources.


Assuntos
Malpighiaceae/genética , Repetições de Microssatélites/genética , Alelos , Brasil , DNA de Plantas/genética , Variação Genética/genética , Polimorfismo Genético/genética
14.
Food Chem ; 354: 129553, 2021 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33756316

RESUMO

Aiming the simplification of the production of chitosan nanoparticles as an encapsulating material, the primary approach of this study was to investigate the extraction of active compounds from acerola-pulp by-products directly in chitosan solution by using tip sonication. The results have shown that chitosan solution can be used as a good solvent, mainly for total phenolic compounds (TPC) extraction (1792.7 mg/100 g of dry by-product). The extract was submitted to ionic gelation process using, as counter-ion, the sodium tripolyphosphate to form loaded nanoparticles with TPC. The suspension was applied as protective coatings on the guavas. The nanoengineered coatings provided an effective barrier that delayed the maturation and maintained the green pigmentation for longer periods along with good firmness. To the best of our knowledge, this was the first study that uses chitosan solution as extraction solvent of TPC from food byproducts in order to facilitate the encapsulation process.


Assuntos
Quitosana/química , Armazenamento de Alimentos , Malpighiaceae/química , Fenóis/isolamento & purificação , Psidium/química , Ácido Ascórbico/química , Cápsulas , Nanopartículas/química , Fenóis/química , Soluções
16.
Food Res Int ; 139: 109836, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33509461

RESUMO

Fruits are widely recognized as sources of biologically active metabolites, such as antioxidant compounds. In this context, fruits commonly consumed in the central Amazonia, especially in its biggest metropolis (Manaus - AM/Brazil), are attractive as potential sources of antioxidant compounds related to biological activities. Most of such fruits are still poorly studied and/or remain unknown outside the Amazon region. Therefore, this study aims to investigate nine fruits (abiu, cubiu, biribá, breadfruit, genipap, peach palm, murici, soursop, and umari) regarding their chemical composition (fixed and volatile), reducing capacity, antioxidant activity, enzyme inhibition, and cytotoxicity. Determination of small organic acids, hydroxycinnamic acids, flavan-3-ols and flavonoid aglycones was done by HPLC-MS/MS, whereas determination of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) was done by HS-SPME/GC-MS. Reducing capacity was determined by the Folin-Ciocalteu method, and antioxidant activities were evaluated by DPPH, ABTS, and H-ORACFL assays. In vitro activities regarding inhibition of enzymes were tested for α-glucosidase, lipase, and α-amylase, and anti-glycation activities were evaluated for methylglyoxal and fructose. Cytotoxicity of fruit extracts was evaluated by cell viability of human fibroblast cell line (MRC-5). A total of 16 antioxidant compounds and 139 VOCs were determined, whose profiles were unique for each studied fruit. Total phenolic contents as well as antioxidant activities found herein were similar or even higher than those reported for several traditional fruits. Some of fruit extracts were able to inhibit α-glucosidase and glycation in methylglyoxal and fructose models, whereas none of them was active for lipase and α-amylase. All of the fruit extracts showed to be non-cytotoxic to MRC-5 cell line.


Assuntos
Frutas , Malpighiaceae , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Brasil , Humanos , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
17.
Arch Oral Biol ; 123: 104994, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33472099

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the phytochemical composition of Byrsonima gardneriana (A. Juss) leaf extract (BGE) and its antifungal activity against Candida spp., antioxidant potential and in vitro cytotoxicity. MATERIAL AND METHODS: BGE was obtained and submitted to Gas Chromatography Coupled to Mass Spectrometry for phytochemical analysis. The ethanolic extract was tested for its antifungal activity against C. albicans and non-albicans reference strains and clinical isolates in addition to inhibition of C. albicans growth kinetics. It was also tested for antioxidant potential in the presence of phenylhydrazine and reactive oxygen species (ROS). And cytoxicity in human erythrocytes. The data were analyzed by one-way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) followed by Tukey's or Dunnett's post-hoc test, with α = 0.05. RESULTS: Pyroglutamic acid (90.77 %), eucalyptol (89.61 %) and octanoic acid (76.22 %) were the major compounds detected in BGE, P (%) is the percent probability of compound identification, according to the mass spectra library. The extract showed fungistatic activity, with MIC of 125 µg/mL against most tested strains. While BGE showed low hemolytic activity on all blood types tested herein, it could not prevent osmotic stress in human erythrocytes. The extract did not have oxidizing effects in the presence of phenylhydrazine, but it showed antioxidant potential against ROS when tested at 31 µg/mL and 62 µg/mL. CONCLUSION: B. gardneriana extract showed antifungal activity against Candida spp., demonstrated low hemolytic potential, no oxidant activity in human erythrocytes and antioxidant activity against ROS. This study opens avenues for the study of BGE as a promising biocompatible antifungal agent.


Assuntos
Antifúngicos/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Malpighiaceae/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Antifúngicos/isolamento & purificação , Antioxidantes/isolamento & purificação , Candida/efeitos dos fármacos , Eritrócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas , Hemólise , Humanos , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Compostos Fitoquímicos/isolamento & purificação , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia
18.
Molecules ; 26(2)2021 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33440607

RESUMO

Amazonian fruits are excellent sources of bioactive compounds and can be used in beverages to improve the nutritional and sensorial characteristics. The present study aimed to develop a blend of murici (Byrsonima Crassifolia (L.) Kunth) and taperebá (Spondias Mombin L.) through experimental design and investigating the nutritional and sensorial characteristics of fruits and beverages. The murici was highlighted as higher vitamin C content (58.88 mg · 100 g-1) compared to taperebá (25.93 mg · 100 g-1). The murici and taperebá are good sources of total phenolic compounds (taperebá 1304.15 ± 19.14 mgGAE · 100 g-1 and the murici of 307.52 ± 19.73 mg GAE · 100 g-1) and flavonoids (174.87 ± 1.76 µgQE/g and 129.46 ± 10.68 µgQE/g, murici and taperebá, respectively), when compared to other Brazilian fruits. The antioxidant capacity in different methods revealed that the taperebá had a higher average in the results, only in the ORAC method and did not present a significant difference (p > 0.05) in relation to the murici. The beverage development was performed using experimental design 23, showed through sensory analysis and surface response methodology that murici and high sugar content (between 12.5 and 14.2% of sugar) influenced in sensory acceptance. Our findings indicate that beverages with improved nutrition and a sensory acceptance can be prepared using taperebá and murici fruits.


Assuntos
Anacardiaceae/química , Antioxidantes/análise , Sucos de Frutas e Vegetais/análise , Malpighiaceae/química , Ácido Ascórbico/análise , Flavonoides/análise , Frutas/química , Alimento Funcional/análise , Fenóis/análise
19.
J Appl Microbiol ; 130(4): 1323-1336, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32808408

RESUMO

AIMS: This study evaluated whether by-products from industrial processing of acerola (Malpighia glabra L.; AB) and guava (Psidium guajava L.; GB) fruit may stimulate the growth and metabolism of probiotic Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium and induce changes in human colonic microbiota. METHODS AND RESULTS: The ability of non-digested and digested AB or GB to stimulate the growth ad metabolism of Lactobacillus acidophilus LA-05, Lactobacillus casei L-26 and Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactis BB-12 was evaluated. Changes in populations of distinct bacterial groups of human colonic microbiota induced by digested AB and GB were evaluated using an in vitro colonic fermentation system. Non-digested and digested AB and GB favoured probiotic growth. No difference among counts of probiotics in media with glucose, fructooligosaccharides and non-digested and digested AB and GB was found during a 48-h cultivation. Cultivation of probiotics in media with non-digested and digested AB and GB resulted in decreased pH, increased organic acid production and sugar consumption over time. Digested AB and GB caused overall beneficial changes in abundance of Bifidobacterium spp., Lactobacillus-Enterococcus, Eubacterium rectall-Clostridium coccoides and Bacteroides-Provotella populations, besides to decrease the pH and increase the short-chain fatty acid production during a 24-h in vitro colonic fermentation. CONCLUSION: AB and GB could be novel prebiotic ingredients because they can stimulate the growth and metabolism of probiotics and induce overall beneficial changes in human colonic microbiota. SIGNIFICANCE AND IMPACT OF THE STUDY: AB and GB stimulated the growth and metabolism of probiotics, in addition to induce beneficial alterations in human colonic microbiota composition and increase short-chain fatty acid production. These results characterize AB and GB as potential prebiotic ingredients and fruit processing by-products as sources of added-value compounds.


Assuntos
Bifidobacterium animalis/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Colo/microbiologia , Lactobacillus/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Malpighiaceae/metabolismo , Prebióticos/análise , Probióticos/análise , Psidium/metabolismo , Resíduos/análise , Bifidobacterium animalis/metabolismo , Clostridiales , Ácidos Graxos Voláteis/metabolismo , Fermentação , Frutas/química , Frutas/metabolismo , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Humanos , Lactobacillus/metabolismo , Lactobacillus acidophilus/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Malpighiaceae/química , Oligossacarídeos/análise , Oligossacarídeos/metabolismo , Probióticos/metabolismo , Psidium/química
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