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1.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 19923, 2022 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36402820

RESUMO

The purpose of the present research was to assess the prognostic impact of marital status in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients with tumors ≤ 2 cm (stage Ia) based on the data from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database. Patients who received a histopathologic HCC diagnosis between 2004 and 2016 were recruited. Overall survival (OS) was the major outcome measure. The Cox regression model and the Fine-Gray regression model were used for the purpose of comparing and examining the prognostic value of marital status for OS. The data for a total of 2446 stage Ia HCC patients were extracted from the database. The median overall survival time was 96.0 months, with 5-year and 10-year overall survival rates of 58.2% and 45.8%, respectively. In both the Fine-Gray regression model and Cox regression model, marital status [married vs. unmarried and others, both P < 0.001, hazard ratio (HR) = 1.389 for Cox and HR = 1.378 for Fine-Gray], age at diagnosis, tumor grade, and surgery at the primary site independently served as prognostic indicators associated with OS. In conclusion, positive marital status was independently associated with better OS for stage Ia HCC patients, and its prognostic influence should be validated in the near future.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Humanos , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Programa de SEER , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Estado Civil
2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36360612

RESUMO

The risk of mortality in old age is associated with marital status and living arrangements. There is still little knowledge about this in Latin America. Our objectives are to examine the association between marital status, living arrangements and mortality of older adults (>60 years) in Chile, and to test whether this association varies when demographic, socioeconomic and health factors are included. We used data from the Social Protection Survey, and mortality data were linked to the Civil Registry. We estimate a series of Poisson regression models. Our results show a clear association between marriage and longevity, since even controlling for demographic, socioeconomic and health factors, we found that separated or divorced, widowed, and unmarried people showed higher relative mortality compared to married people (IRR1.24, IRR1.33, IRR1.35, respectively). Considering only living arrangements, the results show that living alone, alone with children, with children and other relatives or in other arrangements is associated with higher mortality (IRR1.22, IRR1.27, IRR1.35, IRR1.35, respectively) compared to those living with their partners and children. However, considering marital status and living arrangements together, we find that survival among older adults was strongly associated with marital status. Marital status continues to be a direct measure of living arrangements among older adults in Chile.


Assuntos
Casamento , Características de Residência , Criança , Humanos , Idoso , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Chile/epidemiologia , Estado Civil , Divórcio
3.
Health Qual Life Outcomes ; 20(1): 151, 2022 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36376955

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Self-reported time-use in relation to health-related quality of life (HRQoL) has been widely studied, yet less is known about the directionality of the association and how it compares across genders when controlling for sociodemographic confounders. METHODS: This study focused on the working population of the most recent waves (2013-2018) of the Core-Study of the German Socio-Economic Panel (N = 30,518, 46.70% female, M = 39.24 years). It examined the relationship between three time-use categories (contracted, committed, & leisure time) and HRQoL (self-rated health & life satisfaction) in men and women via multigroup fixed effects cross-lagged panel models. The models controlled for sociodemographic background (age, household income, number of children living in household, employment status, education, & marital status), which was associated with time-use and psychosocial health in previous research. RESULTS: Contracted time showed consistent positive relationships with HRQoL across genders while associations with the other types of time use differed significantly between men and women and across indicators of HRQoL. CONCLUSIONS: The way we spend our time directly predicts our health perceptions, but in the same vein our health also predicts how we can spend our time. Contracted time in particular was associated with positive HRQoL, across genders, and beyond sociodemographic predictors, highlighting the important role of employment in health, for men and women alike. The impact of commitments beyond contracted time-use-like household chores and childcare-however, continues to affect mainly women, which ultimately reflects in poorer health outcomes.


Assuntos
Emprego , Qualidade de Vida , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Transversais , Emprego/psicologia , Escolaridade , Estado Civil
4.
BMC Public Health ; 22(1): 2175, 2022 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36434537

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The rural-urban gap in socioeconomic and morbidity status among older adults is prevalent in India. These disparities may impact the levels and factors of self-rated health (SRH). The objective of the study is to compare the levels and determinants of SRH between rural and urban areas by considering the moderating effects of marital status and living arrangements. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The present study used data from the Longitudinal Ageing Study in India (LASI) wave 1 (2017-18). A total sample of 30,633 older adults aged 60 years and above were selected for the study. Descriptive statistics, bivariate chi-square test, the interaction effect of living arrangements and marital status, and logistic estimation were applied to accomplish the study objectives. RESULTS: The prevalence of poor SRH was found 7% higher in rural areas compared to urban counterparts. A substantial rural-urban disparity in the patterns of poor SRH was also observed. The interaction effect of marital status and living arrangement on self-rated health suggested that older adults who were currently unmarried and living alone were 38% more likely to report poor SRH than those who were currently married and co-residing in rural India. In addition to marital status and living situation, other factors that significantly influenced SRH include age, socio-cultural background (educational attainment and religion), economic background (employment status), health status (ADLs, IADLs, multi-morbidities), and geographic background (region). CONCLUSION: The present study's findings demonstrated that, notwithstanding local variations, marital status and living circumstances significantly influenced SRH in India. In the present study, unmarried older people living alone were more susceptible to poor SRH in rural areas. The present study supports the importance of reinforcing the concepts of care and support for older individuals. There is a need for special policy attention to older individuals, particularly those unmarried and living alone. Although older individuals had difficulty performing ADLs and IADLs and had multi-morbidities, they reported poorer health. Therefore, offering them social support and top-notch medical assistance is crucial.


Assuntos
Características de Residência , População Rural , Humanos , Idoso , Estado Civil , Nível de Saúde , Apoio Social
5.
BMC Public Health ; 22(1): 2170, 2022 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36434555

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite significant efforts made to prevent human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) transmission, its testing coverage among men is still low and remains a major concern in low-income countries, particularly in East Africa. Therefore, this study aimed to determine the prevalence and associated factors of HIV testing among men in Eastern Africa. METHODS: We analyzed secondary data using Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) drawn from Eastern African countries. Besides, we merged DHS data from eleven Eastern African countries. In this study, we included secondary data from 113, 270 men aged 15-64 years. The outcome variable of this study was "ever been tested for HIV". Bivariable and multivariable multi-level logistic regression analyses were employed. In the bivariable analysis, variables having a P-value of less than 0.2 were selected for multivariable analysis. Lastly, variables with a P-value of < 0.05 in the multivariable analysis were declared as a significant factor associated with HIV testing and the adjusted odds ratio (AOR) with the 95% confidence interval (CI) were computed to determine the strength and direction of the association. RESULTS: The overall prevalence of HIV testing among men in eastern Africa was 60.5% (95% CI: 60.2, 60.7%). In the multivariable multilevel analysis; participant's older age, being married, increased poverty, HIV knowledge, risky sexual behavior, and being covered by health insurance were positively associated with HIV testing coverage among men. However, men with higher community illiteracy levels, residing in rural settings, age at first sex ≥20 years, and higher stigmatized attitudes towards HIV/AIDS had lower odds of being tested for HIV. CONCLUSION: The overall prevalence of HIV testing among men in eastern Africa was relatively higher than the previous studies. The study revealed that age, marital status, residence, age at first sex, community poverty level, community illiteracy level, HIV knowledge, HIV stigma indicator, risky sexual behavior, and health insurance were significantly associated with HIV testing coverage among men. Therefore, all the concerned stakeholders need to develop an integrated strategic plan through providing special attention to the factors that affect the uptake of HIV testing to raise awareness about the importance of HIV testing and to prevent HIV/AIDS transmission.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV , Masculino , Humanos , Análise Multinível , Infecções por HIV/diagnóstico , Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , Infecções por HIV/prevenção & controle , África Oriental , Teste de HIV , Estado Civil
6.
BMC Womens Health ; 22(1): 469, 2022 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36434604

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although there are more than 10 million induced abortions per year in China, there are few comprehensive, systematic, and characteristic-based data on induced abortions among Chinese women. This study aims to examine the overall trend in induced abortions in China and to analyze the correlation between induced abortions and some socio-economic factors. METHODS: Drawing from the 2017 China Fertility Survey, this study analyzed induced abortions using multiple indicators from period and cohort perspectives on a sample of 240,957 women. The indicators include the abortion rate and proportion, average age at the time of induced abortion, age-specific cumulative proportions, and the number of induced abortions by cohort. The analysis also differentiated based on residency, ethnicity, education level, and marital status. A binomial logistic regression model was used to examine the association between induced abortions and socio-economic factors. RESULTS: Between 2006 and 2016, among women aged 15-49, there was an increase in the induced abortion rate and the average age of women who had induced abortions, but a decline in the proportion of abortions. The proportion of induced abortion was higher among premarital than post-marital pregnancies, among unintended than planned pregnancies. Women with induced abortion experiences accounted for less than 30% of all cohorts, and the cumulative number of induced abortions per woman in each cohort was less than 0.45. These indicators varied with birth cohort, residence, ethnicity, education level, and marital status. The results of binomial logistic regression confirmed the association between induced abortion and these socio-economic variables. Sex-selective abortions of female fetuses still exist, despite the government's considerable efforts to eliminate them. CONCLUSION: The practice of induced abortions differs by cohort and socio-economic characteristics. The profile of women who resort to abortions in China has shifted from well-educated urban women to rural, less-educated women. More effective measures should be taken by the government to reduce the number of induced abortions among women with higher abortion risks.


Assuntos
Aborto Induzido , Gravidez , Feminino , Humanos , Fertilidade , Estado Civil , Estudos de Coortes , China/epidemiologia
7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36360771

RESUMO

Although low birth weight (LBW) is still a major health problem in Indonesia, studies about determinants of LBW with large sample sizes are still limited. This study aimed to examine the association between LBW and maternal characteristics, as well as socio-economic backgrounds in Indonesia. A secondary analysis of 2017 Indonesian Demographic and Health Survey (IDHS) was conducted, specifically using the questionnaires for women of childbearing age. A bivariate chi-square analysis and a multivariate logistic regression analysis were performed. As many as 6.7% of infants were born with LBW. In terms of maternal characteristics, women who gave birth to twins were 20.30 times more likely to have infants with LBW (p < 0.001). Women with birth intervals of <24 and ≥24 months were likely to have LBW infants (p < 0.05). Complications during pregnancy were also associated with LBW (1.99 times higher than women with no complications) (p < 0.001). In terms of socio-economic factors, women with higher education and higher wealth index were less likely to give birth to infants with LBW. Additionally, marital status and type of residence were also significantly associated with a higher risk of LBW. In conclusion, LBW was associated with maternal characteristics and socio-economic backgrounds among women of childbearing age in Indonesia, including twin births, birth interval, and pregnancy complications as well as educational attainment, wealth index, marital status, and type of residence.


Assuntos
Fatores Econômicos , Recém-Nascido de Baixo Peso , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez , Feminino , Humanos , Indonésia/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Estado Civil , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Peso ao Nascer
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36360889

RESUMO

This study aimed to examine temporal trends and differences in sexuality between depressed and non-depressed adults aged 18-59 in the United States from 2005 to 2016. A total of 21,437 people (5432 with depression) were enrolled in this cross-sectional study. From 2005-2008 to 2013-2016, the average age at first sexual intercourse decreased, while the proportion of normal frequency of sexual activity and heterosexual sexual orientation increased among all the participants. Some differences in sexuality were found between the depressed and non-depressed groups. The average age at first sexual intercourse (p < 0.001), the proportion of normal frequency of sexual activity (p < 0.001), and heterosexual sexual orientation (p < 0.001) were lower in depressed participants, and the differences did not change over time (pfor trend = 0.926 of average age at first sexual intercourse, pfor trend = 0.823 of normal frequency of sexual activity, pfor trend = 0.926 of heterosexual sexual orientation). Moreover, these differences were associated with marital status (pfor interaction < 0.001 by average age at first sexual intercourse), employment status (pfor interaction < 0.001 by average age at first sexual intercourse), education status (pfor interaction = 0.023 by heterosexual sexual orientation) and family income status (pfor interaction = 0.013 by average age at first sexual intercourse and pfor interaction = 0.017 by normal frequency of sexual activity). In conclusion, the study found that the age at first sexual intercourse decreased and the frequency of sexual intercourse increased in all the participants, and differences in sexuality between depressed and non-depressed participants were present; however, these differences had no further increase or decrease during the 12-year period. These differences were associated with marital status, employment status, education status, and family income status. These findings show differences in sexuality between depressed and non-depressed patients but are somewhat different from previous studies; the results may provide directions for future research and social work.


Assuntos
Coito , Comportamento Sexual , Adulto , Humanos , Feminino , Masculino , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Estado Civil , Heterossexualidade
9.
Natl Health Stat Report ; (177): 1-14, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36342838

RESUMO

Objective-This report presents national estimates of different types of health insurance coverage and lack of coverage (uninsured).Estimates are presented by selected sociodemographic characteristics, including age, sex, race and Hispanic origin, family income, education level, employment status, and marital status.


Assuntos
Cobertura do Seguro , Seguro Saúde , Estados Unidos , Humanos , Pessoas sem Cobertura de Seguro de Saúde , Hispânico ou Latino , Estado Civil
10.
Rural Remote Health ; 22(4): 6957, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36328965

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Social support has been found in many contexts, and in urban Ecuador, to be protective of health, particularly in the context of disaster. Fewer studies have explored the presence and impact of social support in rural Ecuador. This study engages a rural community in Ecuador to examine the general levels of social support, differences in social support based on different demographic groupings and relationships among social support and health outcomes and protective health behaviors. METHODS: A cross-sectional design was used to survey 416 people in a rural Ecuadorian community that had recently experienced an earthquake. Spanish-language versions of the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support and the Interpersonal Support Evaluation List-12 were applied, as well as questions about demographics and risk reduction behaviors. Body mass index, blood pressure, and cholesterol and blood sugar levels were assessed. Analysis of variance assessed differences in social support among demographic groupings, risk reduction behaviors, and health outcomes. RESULTS: Levels of social support were moderate. Few statistically significant (ie p<0.05) differences in amount of social support received or in sources of social support were found. Men, people 80 years or older, divorced or widowed people, and people living in peripheral areas received less social support than women, people of all other ages, married/cohabitating people, and people living within the village, respectively. Effect sizes of these differences were small. No relationship between social support and health outcomes were found, and few were found for risk reduction factors. CONCLUSION: These findings indicate that social support may function differently in rural Ecuador than in urban contexts. Those promoting social support in rural communities may wish to focus on community-level, not individual-level, interventions. Limitations of applying an assessment of social support from urban Ecuadorian contexts to rural Ecuadorian contexts are discussed.


Assuntos
População Rural , Apoio Social , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Equador , Estudos Transversais , Estado Civil
11.
PLoS One ; 17(11): e0276784, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36367852

RESUMO

The COVID-19 pandemic has brought about serious consequences in business world practices. Among these, flexible working policies have increased to a great extent. This has resulted in serious problems in the work-life balance. In this context, conditions such as having children and marital status have been important factors that can affect work engagement among flexible workers in the post pandemic era. Therefore, this study investigates the relationship of marital status, job experience and having children with work engagement among white-collar workers who work in flexible hours. Data is collected through surveys from 199 flexible working employees. ANOVA and T-tests were employed to analyze the data. The results indicate that only one of the sub-dimensions of work engagement-namely absorption- changes according to their marital status, and yet, the work engagement is not related to having children. In addition, it is seen that there is a significant relationship between job experience and work engagement.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Engajamento no Trabalho , Criança , Humanos , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Pandemias , Inquéritos e Questionários , Estado Civil , Satisfação no Emprego
12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36231665

RESUMO

The rapidly ageing population, the growing rate of divorce, and the longer life expectancy of women compared with men have resulted in a large proportion of older Chinese women being alone. The sexual health and intimacy needs of this group of women are ignored due to traditional Chinese cultural values that undermine older adults' needs for sex and intimacy, and the subordinate position of women in society. The present study used a quantitative survey method to investigate bio-psycho-social factors associated with divorced and widowed older Chinese women's sexual health and intimacy needs in two cities in Shanghai and Wuhan. The conceptual framework of this study was guided by cognitive stress theory, attachment theory, gender theory, socioemotional selectivity theory, objectification theory, and activity theory. We adopted a model involving demographic, biological, psychological, and social factors to unearth the mechanism influencing divorced and widowed older Chinese women's sexual health and intimacy needs. Data were collected between October 2020 and March 2021 via face-to-face surveys. A convenience sample of 278 (N = 278) divorced and widowed older Chinese women was recruited (166 in Shanghai and 112 in Wuhan). Sexual health and intimacy needs were associated with current relationship status, financial status, physical health, attachment style, neuroticism, mental health, social support, prior marital conflict, and gender norm attitude. Sexual behaviour was associated with age, number of children, financial status, physical health, attachment style, neuroticism, prior marital conflict, gender norm attitude, sexual knowledge, sexual attitude, and intimacy attitude as predictors. Most participants in this study seemed to have found new intimate partners with whom to continue participating in sexual activities after their divorce or widowhood. The present study is one of the first examples of empirical research to examine the sexual health and intimacy needs of older Chinese women who are divorced or widowed. The findings generated by this study will inform the design and implementation of appropriate social programs for this demographic, and provide invaluable insight for social workers, educators, sex therapists, healthcare professionals, community workers, and policymakers working with this population.


Assuntos
Divórcio , Viuvez , Idoso , Criança , China , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estado Civil , Casamento , Comportamento Sexual , Fatores Sociais
13.
Int J Colorectal Dis ; 37(11): 2335-2345, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36241859

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Marital status has been shown to be an important psychosocial factor that plays an important role in the prognosis of various cancers. The effect of marital status on survival outcomes in anal canal squamous cell carcinoma has not been studied. The purpose of this study was to address this issue. METHODS: According to the established screening criteria, we obtained 2429 patients with anal canal squamous cell carcinoma from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database. Kaplan-Meier analysis and multivariate Cox regression analysis were used to analyze the survival of anal canal squamous cell carcinoma patients with different marital status. 1:1 propensity score matching (PSM) was used to match 979 unmarried patients with 979 married patients to further demonstrate the effect of marital status on the survival of patients with anal canal squamous cell carcinoma. RESULTS: The 5-year overall survival (OS) rates of married, divorced/separated, single, and widowed patients with anal canal squamous cell carcinoma were 75.6%, 69.7%, 62.2%, and 51.3%, respectively and the corresponding 5-year cancer-specific survival (CSS) rates were 80.7%, 79.6%, 70.1%, and 68.9%, respectively. Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that marital status, sex, race, SEER stage, tumor size, regional nodes positive, primary site surgery, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy were independent prognostic factors for OS and CSS, and also demonstrated that the widowed patients suffered the highest risk mortality. Furthermore, married patients were found to have better OS and CSS than unmarried patients both before and after propensity score matching. CONCLUSION: This study found that married patients with anal canal squamous cell carcinoma had better survival outcomes, while widowed patients had the worst OS and CSS.


Assuntos
Canal Anal , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Humanos , Pontuação de Propensão , Programa de SEER , Estado Civil , Prognóstico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/terapia
14.
Prev Med ; 164: 107315, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36273618

RESUMO

Immigrants to Canada increasingly come from regions where child marriage (<18 years) is prevalent. We described the prevalence, demographic characteristics, and reproductive health correlates of marriage among births to Canadian-born and foreign-born adolescent mothers. Using Canadian birth registrations from 1990 to 2018, marriage prevalence, parental birth region, and parental age gap were examined by maternal birthplace (Canada and 12 world regions) among births to mothers <18 years. Adjusted odds ratios (AORs) of preterm birth (PTB), small for gestational age (SGA), and repeat birth were estimated for the joint associations of adolescent maternal age group (<18-year, 18-19-year, and 20-24-year), marriage, and nativity status (n = 1,904,200). Depending on maternal birthplace, marital births represented 2.6% to 81.8% of births to mothers <18 years. Marriage among mothers giving birth at <18 years was associated with higher proportions of parents from the same birthplace and larger parental age gaps. AORs of PTB tended to increase with lower maternal age. AORs of SGA were generally higher among births to foreign-born mothers. Marriage was associated with lower AORs of PTB and SGA among births to Canadian-born mothers and PTB among births to foreign-born mothers in the older adolescent age groups, but no association existed in the <18-year group. Marriage was positively associated with repeat birth in all adolescent age groups, with stronger associations in the <18-year group. The reproductive health correlates of marriage are similar between births to Canadian-born and foreign-born mothers <18 years but some differ between births to mothers <18 years and those to older adolescent mothers.


Assuntos
Emigração e Imigração , Nascimento Prematuro , Adolescente , Feminino , Criança , Gravidez , Recém-Nascido , Humanos , Nascimento Prematuro/epidemiologia , Saúde Reprodutiva , Mães Adolescentes , Canadá/epidemiologia , Estado Civil , Mães
15.
Eur J Cancer Care (Engl) ; 31(6): e13755, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36284405

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to evaluate the socio-economic outcomes of survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL). METHODS: Childhood ALL adult survivors, enrolled in EORTC trials between 1971 and 1998 in France and Belgium, were invited to fill out a questionnaire with information about their socio-economic situation (living with a partner, having a university degree, having a job, working part time and history of having a paid job). The outcomes were compared with two matched control populations. RESULTS: Among 1418 eligible patients, 507 (35.8%) participated, including 39 (8%) and 61 (12%) patients who received a haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) and a cranial radiotherapy (CRT), respectively. The median time to follow-up was 20 years, and median age was 25 years. Survivors showed a socio-economic level at least as good as controls. HCST and CRT were associated with a higher probability of not obtaining a bachelor degree (respectively OR = 3.49, 95% CI: 1.46-8.35 and OR = 2.31, 95% CI: 1.04-5.15), HSCT was associated with unemployment (OR = 2.89, 95% CI: 1.09-7.65) and having a relapse was associated with a higher probability of not having a partner (OR = 1.88, 95% CI: 1.01-3.51) adjusting for confounders. CONCLUSION: Childhood ALL survivors showed a high level of socio-economic participation. HCST and CRT were associated with poorer functioning.


Assuntos
Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras , Sobreviventes , Adulto , Humanos , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/terapia , Irradiação Craniana , Emprego , Estado Civil
16.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 22(1): 735, 2022 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36182904

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: International research shows marital status impacts the mental health of pregnant women, with prenatal depression and anxiety being higher among non-partnered women. However, there have been few studies examining the relationship between marital status and prenatal mental disorders among Australian women. METHODS: This is a population-based retrospective cohort study using linked data from the New South Wales (NSW) Perinatal Data Collection (PDC) and Admitted Patients Data Collection (APDC). The cohort consists of a total of 598,599 pregnant women with 865,349 admissions. Identification of pregnant women for mental disorders was conducted using the 10th version International Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Australian Modification (ICD-10-AM). A binary logistic regression model was used to estimate the relationship between marital status and prenatal mental disorder after adjusting for confounders. RESULTS: Of the included pregnant women, 241 (0.04%), 107 (0.02%) and 4359 (0.5%) were diagnosed with depressive disorder, anxiety disorder, and self-harm, respectively. Non-partnered pregnant women had a higher likelihood of depressive disorder (Adjusted Odds Ratio (AOR) = 2.75; 95% CI: 2.04, 3.70) and anxiety disorder (AOR = 3.16, 95% CI: 2.03, 4.91), compared with partnered women. Furthermore, the likelihood of experiencing self-harm was two times higher among non-partnered pregnant women (AOR = 2.00; 95% CI: 1.82, 2.20) than partnered pregnant women. CONCLUSIONS: Non-partnered marital status has a significant positive association with prenatal depressive disorder, anxiety disorder and self-harm. This suggests it would be highly beneficial for maternal health care professionals to screen non-partnered pregnant women for prenatal mental health problems such as depression, anxiety and self-harm.


Assuntos
Doenças Fetais , Web Semântica , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Ansiedade/psicologia , Transtornos de Ansiedade/psicologia , Austrália/epidemiologia , Depressão/epidemiologia , Depressão/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Estado Civil , Gravidez , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos
17.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 17320, 2022 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36243725

RESUMO

Depression during sensitive periods of social development may have consequences that extend well beyond mental health, and far into adulthood. This study compared the social functioning of adults with adolescent-onset depression (ages 10-20) to those with adult-onset depression (ages 21+). Participants were 3,360 adults (67.2% female; ages 42 ± 15) who had experienced major depression. Adult functional outcomes were marital status, divorce, number of children, years of education, employment status, household income, dependency on welfare, and obesity. Participants with depression during adolescence were less likely to get married, have children, and more likely to have lower household incomes. Depression during adolescence may be associated with broader functional outcomes that impact individuals and society, and may be mitigated through intervention and effective policy.


Assuntos
Depressão , Interação Social , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Depressão/epidemiologia , Escolaridade , Emprego , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estado Civil , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
18.
PLoS One ; 17(10): e0276563, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36315493

RESUMO

The life satisfaction of women is an essential component of their subjective well-being. It is an indicator of a woman's life quality based on personal perception. Considering the importance of women's subjective well-being, the United Nations (UN) has recognized this as one of its Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). To the best of our knowledge, no study has been done yet for Bangladeshi women aged 15-49 years using nationally represented data. This study is the first study, to our knowledge, that will identify the determinants of life satisfaction and investigate the association between these determinants and life satisfaction among women of reproductive age (15-49 years) in Bangladesh. This study examined the overall life satisfaction and impact of some personal and sociodemographic characteristics on it among the women aged 15 to 49 years in Bangladesh using the Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) 2019 data, a cross-sectional data. In our study, information regarding life satisfaction was available for a sample of 64,283 women after categorizing the variable overall life satisfaction and adjusting the missing values. The variable overall life satisfaction was categorized into three categories, namely low (0-3), moderate (4-6), and high (7-10), according to the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) guidelines. Results showed that 14.67% of women are low satisfied, 50.65% are moderately satisfied, and 34.68% are highly satisfied with their lives. A bivariate analysis was applied in this study to show the significant association between the determinants and life satisfaction. The multinomial logistic regression analysis was performed to draw valid conclusions about the effects of the potential determinants on life satisfaction. The study revealed that satisfaction increases with age, education level, and wealth status. For the variable marital status, which has three categories: currently married, formerly married, and never married, current marriage was strongly associated with higher life satisfaction. In contrast, a former marriage and a never marriage were associated with lower life satisfaction. Migration status was also significantly associated with life satisfaction, where women who changed their location were more satisfied than those who never changed their current location. Bangladesh aims to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) by 2030. To achieve the Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 3, which promotes well-being, and the goal 5, to empower all women and girls, addressing the issues related to life satisfaction and applying appropriate intervention is a must.


Assuntos
Casamento , Satisfação Pessoal , Humanos , Feminino , Estudos Transversais , Bangladesh , Estado Civil , Fatores Socioeconômicos
19.
BMC Womens Health ; 22(1): 416, 2022 10 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36217181

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Adolescent pregnancy increases the risk of disability and death due to unsafe abortion, prolonged labour and delivery, and complications after birth. Availability of accurate data is important to guide decision-making related to adolescent sexual reproductive health (ASRH). This study analyses the trends in prevalence and factors associated with adolescent pregnancy in Kenya using data from three national Demographic Health Surveys (2003, 2008/2009, 2014). METHODS: Our analysis focused on a subsample of data collected from women aged 20 to 24 years. A trend analysis was performed to establish a change in the rate of adolescent pregnancy in 2003, 2008/2009, and 2014 survey data points. Binary Logistic regression and pooled regression analysis were used to explore factors associated with adolescent pregnancy. RESULTS: The percentage of women aged 20 to 24 years who reported their first pregnancy between ages 15 and 19 years was 42% in 2003 and 42.2% in 2009 but declined to 38.9% in 2014. Using regression analyses, we established that education status, marital status, religion and wealth quintile were associated with adolescent pregnancy. Trend analysis shows that there was an overall decreasing trend in adolescent pregnancy between 2003 and 2014. CONCLUSION: Although Kenya has made strides in reducing the prevalence of adolescent pregnancy in the last decade, much more needs to be done to further reduce the burden, which remains high. DEFINITION: Adolescents: Although WHO defines the adolescence period as being 10-19 years, this paper focuses on the late adolescent period, 15-19 years, here in referred to as adolescents.


Assuntos
Aborto Induzido , Gravidez na Adolescência , Adolescente , Feminino , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Quênia/epidemiologia , Estado Civil , Gravidez
20.
BMJ Open ; 12(9): e060149, 2022 09 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36130756

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the extent to which marriage influences cancer-specific survival (CSS) by influencing the insurance status among patients with common solid cancers and the feasibility of reducing the survival gap caused by marriage by increasing private insurance coverage for unmarried patients. SETTING: A retrospective cohort study with patients retrieved from the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results programme. PARTICIPANTS: Patients with nine common solid cancers diagnosed between 2007 and 2016 were included. Patients were excluded if their marital status, insurance status, socioeconomical status, stage or cause of death was unavailable, if survival time was less than 1 month, or if they were younger than 18 years at the time of diagnosis. PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOME MEASURES: The primary outcome was CSS, which was compared between married and unmarried individuals. Mediation analyses were conducted to determine the contribution of insurance status to the association between marriage and CSS. RESULTS: Married patients had better CSS than those unmarried (time ratio 1.778; 95% CI 1.758 to 1.797). Private health insurance was a key factor mediating the association between marital status and CSS (proportion mediated (PM), 17%; 95% CI 17% to 17.1%). The PM ranges from 10.7% in prostate cancer to 20% in kidney cancer. The contribution of private insurance to the association between marital status and CSS was greater among women than among men (PM 18.5% vs 16.7%). The mediating effect of private insurance was the greatest for the comparison between married and separated individuals (PM 25.6%; 95% CI 25.3% to 25.8%) and smallest for the comparison between married and widowed individuals (PM 11.0%; 95% CI 10.9% to 11.1%). CONCLUSIONS: 17% of the marital disparities in CSS are mediated by private insurance coverage. Increasing private insurance coverage for unmarried patients may reduce the survival gap related to marital status and sex. However, it is unclear whether better publicly funded insurance would have the same effect.


Assuntos
Análise de Mediação , Neoplasias , Feminino , Humanos , Cobertura do Seguro , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Estado Civil , Estudos Retrospectivos , Programa de SEER
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