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1.
Perspect Med Educ ; 11(3): 127-136, 2022 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35727471

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To conduct a bibliometric case study of the journal Perspectives on Medical Education (PME) to provide insights into the journal's inner workings and to "take stock" of where PME is today, where it has been, and where it might go. METHODS: Data, including bibliographic metadata, reviewer and author details, and downloads, were collected for manuscripts submitted to and published in PME from the journal's Editorial Manager and Web of Science. Gender of authors and reviewers was predicted using Genderize.io. To visualize and analyze collaboration patterns, citation relationships and term co-occurrence social network analyses (SNA) were conducted. VOSviewer was used to visualize the social network maps. RESULTS: Between 2012-2019 PME received, on average, 260 manuscripts annually (range = 73-402). Submissions were received from authors in 81 countries with the majority in the United States (US), United Kingdom, and the Netherlands. PME published 518 manuscripts with authors based in 31 countries, the majority being in the Netherlands, US, and Canada. PME articles were downloaded 717,613 times (mean per document: 1388). In total 1201 (55% women) unique peer reviewers were invited and 649 (57% women) completed reviews; 1227 (49% women) unique authors published in PME. SNA revealed that PME authors were quite collaborative, with most authoring articles with others and only a minority (n = 57) acting as single authors. DISCUSSION: This case study provides a glimpse into PME and offers evidence for PME's next steps. In the future, PME is committed to growing the journal thoughtfully; diversifying and educating editorial teams, authors, and reviewers, and liberating and sharing journal data.


Assuntos
Educação Médica , Escrita Médica , Bibliometria , Coleta de Dados , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Publicações , Estados Unidos
2.
PLoS One ; 17(1): e0262918, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35073384

RESUMO

Although regression models play a central role in the analysis of medical research projects, there still exist many misconceptions on various aspects of modeling leading to faulty analyses. Indeed, the rapidly developing statistical methodology and its recent advances in regression modeling do not seem to be adequately reflected in many medical publications. This problem of knowledge transfer from statistical research to application was identified by some medical journals, which have published series of statistical tutorials and (shorter) papers mainly addressing medical researchers. The aim of this review was to assess the current level of knowledge with regard to regression modeling contained in such statistical papers. We searched for target series by a request to international statistical experts. We identified 23 series including 57 topic-relevant articles. Within each article, two independent raters analyzed the content by investigating 44 predefined aspects on regression modeling. We assessed to what extent the aspects were explained and if examples, software advices, and recommendations for or against specific methods were given. Most series (21/23) included at least one article on multivariable regression. Logistic regression was the most frequently described regression type (19/23), followed by linear regression (18/23), Cox regression and survival models (12/23) and Poisson regression (3/23). Most general aspects on regression modeling, e.g. model assumptions, reporting and interpretation of regression results, were covered. We did not find many misconceptions or misleading recommendations, but we identified relevant gaps, in particular with respect to addressing nonlinear effects of continuous predictors, model specification and variable selection. Specific recommendations on software were rarely given. Statistical guidance should be developed for nonlinear effects, model specification and variable selection to better support medical researchers who perform or interpret regression analyses.


Assuntos
Escrita Médica , Modelos Estatísticos , Análise de Regressão , Humanos , Publicações Periódicas como Assunto
5.
BMJ ; 375: n2288, 2021 10 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34615650

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe prominent authorship positions held by women and the overall percentage of women co-authoring manuscripts submitted during the covid-19 pandemic compared with the previous two years. DESIGN: Cross sectional study. SETTING: Nine specialist and two large general medical journals. POPULATION: Authors of research manuscripts submitted between 1 January 2018 and 31 May 2021. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Primary outcome: first author's gender. SECONDARY OUTCOMES: last and corresponding authors' gender; number (percentage) of women on authorship byline in "pre-pandemic" period (1 January 2018 to 31 December 2019) and in "covid-19" and "non-covid-19" manuscripts during pandemic. RESULTS: A total of 63 259 manuscripts were included. The number of female first, last, and corresponding authors respectively were 1313 (37.1%), 996 (27.9%), and 1119 (31.1%) for covid-19 manuscripts (lowest values in Jan-May 2020: 230 (29.4%), 165 (21.1%), and 185 (22.9%)), compared with 8583 (44.9%), 6118 (31.2%), and 7273 (37.3%) for pandemic non-covid-19 manuscripts and 12 724 (46.0%), 8923 (31.4%), and 10 981 (38.9%) for pre-pandemic manuscripts. The adjusted odds ratio of having a female first author in covid-19 manuscripts was <1.00 in all groups (P<0.001) compared with pre-pandemic (lowest in Jan-May 2020: 0.55, 98.75% confidence interval 0.43 to 0.70). The adjusted odds ratio of having a woman as last or corresponding author was significantly lower for covid-19 manuscripts in all time periods (except for the two most recent periods for last author) compared with pre-pandemic (lowest values in Jan-May 2020: 0.74 (0.57 to 0.97) for last and 0.61 (0.49 to 0.77) for corresponding author). The odds ratios for pandemic non-covid-19 manuscripts were not significantly different compared with pre-pandemic manuscripts. The median percentage of female authors on the byline was lower for covid-19 manuscripts (28.6% in Jan-May 2020) compared with pre-pandemic (36.4%) and non-covid-19 pandemic manuscripts (33.3% in Jan-May 2020). Gender disparities in all prominent authorship positions and the proportion of women authors on the byline narrowed in the most recent period (Feb-May 2021) compared with the early pandemic period (Jan-May 2020) and were very similar to values observed for pre-pandemic manuscripts. CONCLUSIONS: Women have been underrepresented as co-authors and in prominent authorship positions in covid-19 research, and this gender disparity needs to be corrected by those involved in academic promotion and awarding of research grants. Women attained some prominent authorship positions equally or more frequently than before the pandemic on non-covid-19 related manuscripts submitted at some time points during the pandemic.


Assuntos
Autoria , Bibliometria , Pesquisa Biomédica , COVID-19 , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Manuscritos Médicos como Assunto , Escrita Médica , Publicações Periódicas como Assunto , Fatores Sexuais , Fatores de Tempo
6.
JSLS ; 25(3)2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34354332

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Words of estimative probability are used in medical writing. Authors know the number they intend the word to mean, readers do not. The objective of this study is to assess the variability of words having numeric meaning to medical doctors. DESIGN: A survey of 131 American trained MD's and DO's was done regarding their interpretation of 27 commonly used words of the estimative probability they placed on each word. METHODS: Statistical assessments were done to evaluate specific word meaning as a number or range to physicians and compared to each other's interpretation. RESULTS: For 19 of the 27 words had a 30% +/- (60% variance) of interpretation. Twenty-five of the 27 had less than 38% agreement on numeric meaning. Only two words had more than 74% numeric agreement. CONCLUSION: Words of estimative probability have widely varied interpretations to physicians. This makes interpretation of those words incomprehensible for scientific meaning resulting in communication without comprehension.


Assuntos
Escrita Médica , Comunicação , Compreensão , Humanos , Probabilidade , Estados Unidos
13.
Med Arch ; 75(2): 88-93, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34219866

RESUMO

This year the journal "Medical Archives" celebrates 75 year of existing. "Medicinski Arhiv/Medical Archives" was founded in 1947 as official journal of the Association of Physicians (Sabor ljekara Bosne i Hercegovina) of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the first Editorial board was consisted of academicans: Vladimir Cavka (Professor of Oftalmology), Blagoje Kovacevic (Professor of Surgery), Bogdan Zimonjic (Professor of Internal medicine), and Ibro Brkic (Professor of Internal medicine). Exactly the Medical Archives journal was a key milestone that helped in education of all academic and professional staff that became the foundation of Bosnian and Herzegovinian medicine as a science and health care as a profession. Medicinski Arhiv was included in largest bimedical database Medline in 1947 and till now in that database is deposited more than 7000 papers. Also this journal has highest h-Index in Scopus database ranked by SCImago rank. In Medicinski Arhiv journal authors from more than 60 countries from whole the world published their papers, some of them with very high Scopus h-Index.


Assuntos
Arquivos/história , Escrita Médica/história , Publicações Periódicas como Assunto/história , Aniversários e Eventos Especiais , Bósnia e Herzegóvina , História do Século XX , História do Século XXI , Humanos
14.
PLoS One ; 16(7): e0253905, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34228754

RESUMO

Biomedical research papers often combine disjoint concepts in novel ways, such as when describing a newly discovered relationship between an understudied gene with an important disease. These concepts are often explicitly encoded as metadata keywords, such as the author-provided terms included with many documents in the MEDLINE database. While substantial recent work has addressed the problem of text generation in a more general context, applications, such as scientific writing assistants, or hypothesis generation systems, could benefit from the capacity to select the specific set of concepts that underpin a generated biomedical text. We propose a conditional language model following the transformer architecture. This model uses the "encoder stack" to encode concepts that a user wishes to discuss in the generated text. The "decoder stack" then follows the masked self-attention pattern to perform text generation, using both prior tokens as well as the encoded condition. We demonstrate that this approach provides significant control, while still producing reasonable biomedical text.


Assuntos
Pesquisa Biomédica , Mineração de Dados/métodos , Escrita Médica , Humanos , MEDLINE , Publicações
15.
Zhonghua Yi Shi Za Zhi ; 51(2): 111-116, 2021 Mar 28.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34098704

RESUMO

Ruishou Ben'i Zenkushuu(,The Nine Tenths of the the Differnetiation of Similar Syndromes) was compiled by Doctor Yuehu, a Japanese monk, in 1452. This book had important implications for the spread to Japan of Chinese medical ideas and theories by Li Dongyuan and Zhu Danxi. This paper analyzed the citation of Chinese medical books in Ruishou Ben'i Zenkushuu and found that the name of Zhu Danxi appeared frequently in this book.Based on the data from the sources of Danxi's medical ideas and theories cited in the book, this paper illuminates the close connection with the medicine ideas and theories of Danxi, and clarifies the story that Yuehu once studied Chinese medicine from Yu Tuan. Research on the sources of the ideas in Ruishou Ben'i Zenkushuu is helpful tracing back historically the spread of the ideas and theories of Danxi in Japan.


Assuntos
Escrita Médica , Medicina , Médicos , China , Humanos , Japão , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa
16.
Sr Care Pharm ; 36(6): 273-275, 2021 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34016224

RESUMO

Medical writing is a broad term for a vast 3-billion-dollar industry. The industry is large enough to accommodate all types of medical writers and health care communicators who can contribute in various ways. For example, some medical writers assist with medical education, such as continuing medical education (CME), slide-decks, textbooks, needs assessments, and patient education. Other medical writers may work in medical journalism, research documents, medical marketing, regulatory document preparation, or scientific publication and presentations. This article discusses ways for pharmacists to enter this field and is an extension of the ASCP provided webinar, which can be accessed here.


Assuntos
Escrita Médica , Humanos , Redação
17.
PLoS One ; 16(5): e0250238, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34010291

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Correct interpretation of drug labels instructions (DLIs) is needed for safe use and better adherence to prescribed drugs. DLIs are often too difficult for patients, especially for those with limited health literacy. What is yet unknown, is how specific textual elements in DLIs (e.g., the presentation of numbers, or use of medical jargon) and patients' health literacy skills are related to the comprehension of DLIs. In order to provide concrete directions for health professionals on how to optimize drug prescriptions, we performed a systematic review to summarize the available research findings on which textual elements facilitate or hinder the correct interpretation of DLIs in relation to patients' health literacy. METHOD: A systematic search was performed in PubMed, EMBASE, PsychINFO, and Smartcat (until April 2019) to identify studies investigating textual elements that facilitate or hinder the correct interpretation of DLIs in relation to patients' health literacy. RESULTS: A total of 434 studies were identified of which 28 studies met our inclusion criteria. We found that textual elements contributing to the correct interpretation of DLIs were: using explicit time periods in dosage instructions, using plain language, presenting numbers in a numerical format, and providing DLIs in patients' native language. Multistep instructions per instruction line, using abbreviations and medical jargon seem to hinder the correct interpretation of DLIs. Although health literacy was taken into account in a majority of the studies, none of them assessed the effectiveness of specific textual elements on patients' comprehensibility of DLIs. CONCLUSION: Based on our findings, we provide an overview of textual elements that contribute to the correct interpretation of DLIs. Optimizing the textual instruction on drug labels may increase the safety and adherence to prescribed drugs, taking into account that a significant proportion of patients has low health literacy.


Assuntos
Rotulagem de Medicamentos/normas , Letramento em Saúde , Escrita Médica/normas , Compreensão , Humanos
18.
JAMA Netw Open ; 4(4): e212252, 2021 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33822071

RESUMO

Importance: Gender disparity exists among authors of the oncology literature. Objective: To quantify trends in authorship by gender within a comprehensive data set of Medline-indexed oncology articles in medical journals with high impact factors. Design, Setting, and Participants: This cross-sectional study used Medline citations to examine archives of research journals from 3 disciplines in the oncology literature. Authors from all oncology-related articles with Medical Subject Headings terms assigned from 2002 to 2018 from 13 general oncology/medicine, radiation oncology, and surgical journals were included for analysis, encompassing clinical trials, observational studies (excluding case reports), reviews, systematic reviews, meta-analyses, and all other published articles. Data were analyzed between April and May 2020. Exposures: Authors were assigned genders based on societal naming norms via third-party gender identification service Gender-API.com. This assignment was internally validated based on manually obtained publicly available data on the internet. Main Outcomes and Measures: Trend in female authorship over time while considering journal type, authorship position, and article type. Results: A total of 420 526 authors from 58 368 articles were found, of which 400 945 were assigned a gender based on their name. In total, 29.5% (95% CI, 29.4%-29.6%) of authors were identified as female, rising from 25.5% (95% CI, 24.7%-26.3%) in 2002 to 31.7% (95% CI, 31.2%-32.3%) in 2018. Each subgroup of primary article type by journal type saw a rise in female authorship over the studied period. For primary articles, last authors were less likely to be women than first authors, regardless of journal type, year, and primary article type (eg, general oncology: odds ratio [OR], 0.60; 95% CI, 0.52-0.69). For general oncology articles, women were less likely to be authors of clinical trials at each authorship position than authors at that respective position for observational studies (first, second, and last authors: OR, 0.58; 95% CI, 0.49-0.67; other authors: OR, 0.84; 95% CI, 0.79-0.89). This difference was not seen for radiation oncology or surgical oncology journals. Conclusions and Relevance: This cross-sectional study found that female authorship in oncology research literature has increased. However, there remains a dearth of female senior authors, and the overall rise in female authorship has not kept up with the rise in female oncology faculty.


Assuntos
Autoria , Pesquisa Biomédica/tendências , Escrita Médica , Publicações Periódicas como Assunto/tendências , Médicas/tendências , Editoração/tendências , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Oncologia/tendências
19.
Clin Exp Dermatol ; 46(6): 1086-1088, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33914938

RESUMO

Medical writers may make major contributions to the preparation of a manuscript, but are not listed as authors. We assessed the prevalence, affiliation and role of medical writers in dermatology randomized controlled trials (RCTs) published in 2019 in the top 7 medical and top 10 dermatology journals. Medical writers were identified in 39/83 trials (47%), all of which were exclusively industry-funded trials (39/47, prevalence 83%). Most studies stated their role as 'medical writing support' and/or 'editorial assistance' (35/39, 90%), but when more information was provided, four studies specified first draft preparation (50% of RCTs in general medical and 1.3% of RCTs in dermatology journals). Medical writers are common in dermatology trials but their role is often vaguely stated. In April 2020 the British Journal or Dermatology and Clinical and Experimental Dermatology adopted CRediT (Contributor Roles Taxonomy), which describes contributions of authors and may help clarify who writes trial manuscripts.


Assuntos
Autoria , Dermatologia , Escrita Médica , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Humanos , Jornalismo Médico , Publicações Periódicas como Assunto
20.
Agora (Rio J.) ; 24(1): 19-27, Jan.-Apr. 2021.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos | ID: biblio-1285006

RESUMO

RESUMO: O texto que segue aborda a escrita do caso clínico, uma das formas de transmissão em psicanálise, traçada a partir da experiência de tratamento, quer dizer, do que se desenrolou na fala sob transferência. Nesse percurso, que passa do oral (narrativo) ao escrito (conceitual), evocou-se o conceito freudiano de construção (Konstruktion), que implica acrescentar ao caso o que não pôde ser lembrado. A escrita foi desencadeada pelo estudo de caso, envolvendo e abrangendo noções que sustentam a psicanálise como método. Levando-se em conta as condições para a escrita do caso clínico, defendeu-se aqui, na trilha de Lacan, que essa escrita tem estrutura de ficção.


Abstract: The text that follows addresses the writing of the clinical case, one of the forms of transmission in psychoanalysis, drawn from the experience of treatment, that is, of what was developed in speech under transference. In this passage from the oral (narrative) to the writing (conceptual), the Freudian concept of construction (Konstruktion) was invoked, which implies adding to the case what could not be remembered. Writing was triggered by the case study, which involves and covers notions that support psychoanalysis as a method. Considering the conditions for the writing of the clinical case, it was defended here, in Lacan's trail, that this writing has the structure of fiction.


Assuntos
Psicanálise , Escrita Médica , Psicologia Clínica
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